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Encyclopedia > The Last House on the Left
The Last House on the Left

Theatrical release poster
Directed by Wes Craven
Produced by Sean S. Cunningham
Written by Wes Craven
Starring Sandra Cassel
Lucy Grantham
David Hess
Fred J. Lincoln
Jeramie Rain
Marc Sheffler
Gaylord St. James
Cynthia Carr
Ada Washington
Music by David Alexander Hess
Cinematography Victor Hurwitz
Editing by Wes Craven
Distributed by Hallmark Releasing Corp.
Release date(s) August 30, 1972
Running time 91 min.
Country USA USA
Language English
Budget $87,000 (estimated)
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

The Last House on the Left is a 1972 horror film written and directed by Wes Craven and produced by Sean S. Cunningham. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 405 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1099 × 1625 pixel, file size: 156 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Source: http://www. ... Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American film director and writer best known as the creator of many horror films, including the famed Nightmare on Elm Street series featuring the redoubtable Freddy Krueger character. ... Sean S. Cunningham is a writer, producer and director of films born on December 31st 1941. ... Sandra Cassel (born June 15, 1952 in Providence, Rhode Island) is an American actress. ... Lucy Grantham (born October 13, 1951 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American actress. ... David Alexander Hess (born September 19, 1942) is an American actor and songwriter. ... Fred J. Lincoln was born Fred Perna. ... Jeramie Rain (born August 23, 1948 in Charleston, West Virginia) is an American actress. ... David Alexander Hess (born September 19, 1942) is an American actor and songwriter. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Top grossing films The Godfather Fiddler on the Roof Diamonds Are Forever Whats Up, Doc?, starring Barbra Streisand and Ryan ONeal Dirty Harry The Last Picture Show A Clockwork Orange Cabaret, starring Liza Minnelli The Hospital Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex Academy Awards Best Picture... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... // Top grossing films The Godfather Fiddler on the Roof Diamonds Are Forever Whats Up, Doc?, starring Barbra Streisand and Ryan ONeal Dirty Harry The Last Picture Show A Clockwork Orange Cabaret, starring Liza Minnelli The Hospital Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex Academy Awards Best Picture... “Horror Movie” redirects here. ... Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American film director and writer best known as the creator of many horror films, including the famed Nightmare on Elm Street series featuring the redoubtable Freddy Krueger character. ... Sean S. Cunningham is a writer, producer and director of films born on December 31st 1941. ...

Contents

Plot

Mari Collingwood (Sandra Cassel) celebrates her 17th birthday by attending a concert with her friend, Phyllis Stone (Lucy Grantham). Her parents express concern both at the band, Bloodlust (Mari's father says "Aren't they the band who dismember live chickens on stage?", an obvious reference to the onstage antics of Alice Cooper) and Phyllis, who is implied to be of a lower social class. They let her go, however, and give her a gift before she leaves—a peace symbol necklace. Sandra Cassel (born June 15, 1952 in Providence, Rhode Island) is an American actress. ... Lucy Grantham (born October 13, 1951 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American actress. ... Alice Cooper (born Vincent Furnier February 4, 1948) is an American rock singer, songwriter and musician whose career spans five decades. ...


Travelling to the city, Mari and Phyllis hear a radio report of a recent prison break, involving Krug Stillo (David Hess), his son Junior Stillo, his girlfriend Sadie (Jeramie Rain) and his partner in crime Fred "Weasel" Podowski (Fred J. Lincoln). Upon arrival in the city, Mari and Phyllis stroll the streets, seeking someone who might sell marijuana. Eventually, they run into Junior, instructed by Sadie to bring home some girls if he wants to get high, as Krug keeps Junior's heroin to control him. Junior tells Mari and Phyllis he has an "extra ounce of good stuff", he leads them back to an apartment, where they are immediately entrapped by the group of psychopaths. Phyllis, who resists, is punched in the stomach and implied to be raped, as Mari watches in horror. Mari's parents, meanwhile, prepare a surprise party for her. David Alexander Hess (born September 19, 1942) is an American actor and songwriter. ... Jeramie Rain (born August 23, 1948 in Charleston, West Virginia) is an American actress. ... Fred J. Lincoln was born Fred Perna. ...


The next morning, the girls are thrown in a car trunk and driven into the countryside as the gang intends to leave the state. Their car breaks down, however, and, unable to get their car fixed "a million miles from nowhere," they decide to take the girls into the woods for "a little fun". Removed from the trunk, Phyllis is beaten after biting Krug's hand and a bound and gagged Mari realizes that they are coincidentally right near her own home. As she is helplessly dragged to the woods, her parents sit inside with two bumbling local police officers who assure them that Mari is probably fine. Ironically, the officers disregard the gang's broken-down car when driving back to the police station.


In the woods, the girls are untied and subjected to several tortures. Phyllis is forced to urinate in her underwear and both girls are forced to have sex. At the police station, the Sheriff and Deputy realize their mistake in disregarding the car near the Collingwoods' home and quickly set out. Their car breaks down en route, however, and, the rest of the film contains several comic scenes of them trying to hitch a ride (such as being mocked by a group of hippies, and falling off of the roof of a chicken truck).


Out in the woods, Phyllis tells a terrified Mari she will make a break for it so she can escape while they are chasing her. Phyllis runs and is followed by Sadie and Weasel, while Junior stays behind and guards Mari. Mari tells Junior that he doesn't need to listen to his father and that her own father, who is a doctor, can give him drugs. In an attempt to convince him that she is his friend, she gives him her peace symbol necklace. Phyllis is ambushed by Weasel and Sadie but Weasel falls while chasing her, Sadie catches up with Phyllis and tackles Phyllis to the ground, however Phyllis beats Sadie with a rock calling her a "stupid dyke" until Weasel comes. Phyllis continues running and makes it to a cemetery but is cornered; she is stabbed in the back by Weasel and crawls away. The gang catch up with her, however, and-in one of the most controversial scenes in the film-Sadie reels out her intestines. Mari eventually convinces Junior to let her go. However, as they get up to leave, they are also stopped by Krug who, after showing her Phyllis' severed hand, slices his name into her chest and rapes her. After the rape, Mari vomits and walks away into the lake, where, half submerged, she is shot and killed by Krug.


At the Collingwoods' home, Mari's father (John) is told by his wife that they have guests who, in a twist of fate, turn out to be the gang, looking more well dressed than before, in an attempt to establish themselves as being in sales. The Collingwoods agree to let them stay overnight. However, a guilty Junior, who suffers nightmares about Mari and is suffering from heroin withdrawal, ends up vomiting in the bathroom, where Mari's mother sees the necklace around his neck. She and John rush out into the woods and find Mari's body by the lake. They realize that their house guests killed their daughter and set about exacting their revenge, with Mari's father setting a variety of traps and her mother luring Weasel outside, where he convinces her to tie him up as a sex game. Inside, Mari's father goes into his daughter's bedroom, where the remaining two killers stay. Despite carrying a shotgun, he does not manage to kill Krug, who escapes out into the living room, where he overpowers the doctor and is confronted by Junior, brandishing the gun. Junior tells Krug that he will kill him, but Krug manages to manipulate his son into putting the gun into his own mouth and killing himself. His son dead, Krug turns to find Mari's father missing and hears a whirring coming from the basement. Going to investigate, he finds Doctor Collingwood coming at him with a chainsaw.


Outside, Mari's mother, in the middle of performing fellatio on Weasel, bites off his penis. Weasel collapses in agony as she spits it in the lake. Mari's father, meanwhile, continues approaching Krug with the chainsaw. Krug tries to fend off the doctor but is eventually killed, despite the arrival of the Sheriff, who shouts for Doctor Collingwood not to go through with it. Sadie runs outside but falls over in a panic and drops her knife, Estelle (Mari's mum) comes and starts a catfight with Sadie, after a struggle, Sadie punches Estelle into a daze and runs off but falls into a pool, Estelle slits Sadie's throat with her own knife. The film concludes with the two blood spattered Collingwoods standing in the blood spattered living room, contemplating what they have done.


History

The film started life under the working title Night Of Vengeance and the script contained much more extreme sexual violence than what actually reached the film. It was also known as Sex Crime Of The Century and Krug & Co. (some prints still exist with this as its title) before settling on the title, Last House On The Left.


The story of The Last House on the Left closely follows that of Ingmar Bergman's classic film The Virgin Spring (1960), an Oscar winner for best foreign language film. The Virgin Spring (Swedish: Jungfrukällan) is a 1960 Swedish film directed by Ingmar Bergman. ...


The Craven film was controversial for its graphic violence, and for the manner in which the villains imposed their psychopathic and sadistic will upon the victims. Craven was highly influenced by news Vietnam War footage and wanted to convey that sense of violence he saw in that footage. See Also: Antisocial Personality Disorder Theoretically, psychopathy is a three-faceted disorder involving interpersonal, affective and behavioral characteristics. ... Flogging demonstration at Folsom Street Fair 2004. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000...


The film carried the tagline "It's only a movie" in its advertising, suggesting that the film was so terrifying that the only way to get through was to remind oneself that "It's only a movie."


The film split opinion with critics, unsure whether the film is a bold artistic statement or exploitative trash, or some combination of the two. Audiences, however, flocked to see the film and, along with films such as The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, it is credited with bringing a new sense of realistic violence to the modern horror film genre. Grindhouse redirects here. ... This article is about the 1974 film. ...


Wes Craven has since directed many popular horror films including The Hills Have Eyes, A Nightmare on Elm Street, and Scream. Producer Sean S. Cunningham, meanwhile, went on to initiate one of the biggest horror film franchises in the 1980s with Friday the 13th. The Hills Have Eyes may refer to: The Hills Have Eyes Series The Hills Have Eyes (1977 film), a 1977 film by Wes Craven The Hills Have Eyes Part II, the 1985 sequel The Hills Have Eyes III, the 1995 sequel, also known as The Outpost and Mindripper The Hills... A Nightmare on Elm Street is a 1984 American horror film directed and written by Wes Craven. ... Scream is a 1996 horror/dark comedy film directed by Wes Craven and written by Kevin Williamson. ... Sean S. Cunningham is a writer, producer and director of films born on December 31st 1941. ... Friday the 13th is a 1980 independent slasher film directed by Sean S. Cunningham and written by Victor Miller. ...


Editing

In the 2002 television special Masters of Horror (sometimes called Boogeymen II: Masters of Horror and not to be confused with the Showtime series Masters of Horror), Wes Craven admits that, due to the film being rejected multiple times by the ratings board, it had been extremely edited down. At a later point in time, they re-inserted much of the removed footage. Producer Sean Cunningham then borrowed a fellow filmmaker's print featuring R rating tag and spliced it in, allowing the film to be released uncut at least for a time in the United States. This article is about the pay TV channel. ... Masters of Horror is an American television series created by director Mick Garris for the Showtime cable network. ...


The film was originally shot with Mari's parents finding her still alive, identifying her attackers before she dies. Editing and dialogue changes were made to depict Mari as dead when her parents find her. However, in the film when her parents find her, she can be seen moving and breathing, and her parents mouths don't match the dubbed "She's already dead" dialogue.


Advertising campaign

One of the more memorable aspects of the film is the advertising campaign. The film underwent many name changes, including Sex Crime Of The Century (from the characters' dialogue in the car ride scene), Krug and Company (a version included on the DVD release) and The Men's Room (simply because one poster showed a men's bathroom). None of these names were particularly successful. Someone then came up with the rather irrelevant title The Last House On The Left, along with the infamous 'To avoid fainting, keep repeating-it's only a movie...' advertising campaign. [In actuality, it had been used twice before: first in gore-meister H.G. Lewis's 1964 splatter film "Color Me Blood Red," and then in William Castle's "Straight-Jacket" the following year.] Despite the irrelevance of it, the film under the Last House... title proved to be a massive hit. Stories as to where the advertising campaign originated vary somewhat. Sean Cunningham claims that the person giving the idea for it was watching a cut of the film with his wife, who continually covered her eyes, prompting him to tell her that it was 'Only a movie...'. Other origins have been suggested, however.[1] The tagline was so successful that many other exploitation films later used it, sometimes with own spin. The title was sometimes imitated, as in the case of Last House On Dead End Street.[2]


Music

The film's soundtrack was written-and partially sung-by David Hess, who also played the main antagonist Krug. It is particularly notable for being heavily contrasted with the events on screen. For example, as the gang drives the two girls out into the countryside, the upbeat, almost comical, tune Baddies Theme plays and, after the rape scene, a soothing ballad plays. This counterpointing was also used elsewhere in the film, with the slapstick antics of the two police officers occurring in between scenes of torture.


Although the soundtrack was released commercially around the same time as the film, it did not sell very well, although it has recently become available via David Hess' website.


Controversy

The film had problems with censorship in many countries, and was particularly controversial in the United Kingdom. The film was refused a certificate for cinema release by the BBFC in 1974 due to scenes of sadism and violence. During the early 1980s home video boom, the film was released uncut (save for an incidental, gore-free scene with the comedy cops, and the end credit roll) as a video that did not fall under their remit at the time. This changed when the "video nasty" scare which started in 1982 led to the Video Recordings Act 1984. This in turn banned the film as one of the infamous Department of Public Prosecutions list of "video nasties". The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC) is the organisation responsible for film classification (see Motion picture rating systems and History of British Film Certificates) within the United Kingdom. ... Video nasty was a term coined in the United Kingdom in the 1980s that originally applied to a number of films distributed on video cassette that were criticised for their violent content by elements in the press and commentators such as Mary Whitehouse. ... The Video Recordings Act is a UK Act of Parliament that was passed into law in 1984. ... The Director of Public Prosecutions is the officer charged with the prosecution of criminal offences in several jurisdictions around the world. ...


The film remained banned throughout the remainder of the 1980s and into the 1990s. However it had built a cult reputation in the UK, plus critics such as Mark Kermode began to laud the film as an important piece of work. In 2000, the film was again presented to the BBFC for certification and it was again refused, though it was granted a license for a one-off showing in Leicester in June 2000, after which the BBFC again declared that the film would not receive any form of certification, resulting in the film being put up for home video release in 2002. The release was declined when the distributors were unwilling to cut the film as the BBFC requested. Mark Kermode (born Mark Fairey[1] on 2 July 1963) is an English film critic who regularly writes for Sight and Sound magazine and The Observer newspaper. ... This article discusses Leicester in England. ...


The film finally received a UK DVD release in May 2003 with 31 seconds of cuts. The cut scenes were viewable as a slideshow extra on the disc, and there was a weblink to a website where the cut scenes could be viewed.


On the 17 March 2008, the film was finally passed uncut by the BBFC. [3]


Associated works

Mario Bava's A Bay of Blood was re-released as The Last House on the Left, Part II in an attempt to cash in on the success of The Last House on the Left, despite the fact that Bava's film was made before Craven's film.[4] In 2005, wrestler David DeFalco directed the film Chaos, which directly plagiarized poster art from The Last House on the Left, featured the famous "it's only a movie" tagline, and contained a similar plot. Chaos received mostly negative reviews and was not a commercial success. The House on the Edge of the Park is similar to Last House on the Left, with David Hess playing a character very similar to Krug. Mario Bava (July 30, 1914 - April 25, 1980) was an Italian director and cinematographer remembered as one of the greatest names from the golden age of Italian horror films. ... Twitch of the Death Nerve (Italian title: Ecologia del delitto) is a 1971 horror thriller directed by Mario Bava. ... David DeFalco is a former professional wrestler turned movie director. ... Chaos is a controversial 2005 movie about the rape and murder of two teenagers. ... For other uses, see Plagiarism (disambiguation). ... The House On The Edge Of The Park (Italian: La Casa sperduta nel parco) is a 1980 film from the Italian director Ruggero Deodato. ... David Alexander Hess (born September 19, 1942) is an American actor and songwriter. ...


Remake

The remake is due in theaters in 2008, starring Sara Paxton. In August 2006, Rogue Pictures finalized a deal to remake The Last House on the Left with original writer and director Wes Craven as a producer. The company intended to preserve the storyline of the original film. Craven described his involvement with the remake: "I'm far enough removed from these films that the remakes are a little like having grandchildren. The story, about the painful side effects of revenge, is an evergreen. The headlines are full of people and nations taking revenge and getting caught up in endless cycles of violence."[5] Craven formed Midnight Pictures, a shingle of Rogue Pictures, to remake The Last House on the Left as its first project. Production was slated for early 2007.[6] Screenwriter Adam Alleca was hired to write the script for the remake. In May 2007, Rogue Pictures entered negotiations with director Dennis Iliadis to direct the film.[7] 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... Sara Paxton[1] (born April 25, 1988) is an Emmy Award-nominated American actress and singer. ... Rogue Pictures is a division of Focus Features, the specialty film division of Universal Studios, which is a division of NBC Universal. ... Wesley Earl Craven (born August 2, 1939 in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American film director and writer best known as the creator of many horror films, including the famed Nightmare on Elm Street series featuring the redoubtable Freddy Krueger character. ... Midnight Pictures is an American film production company. ...


References

  1. ^ David A. Szulkin: Wes Craven's The Last House On The Left; Revised Edition, Page 127-Page 133; Published June 2000, FAB Press; ISBN 1-903254-01-9
  2. ^ David A. Szulkin: Wes Craven's The Last House On The Left; Revised Edition, Page 178; Published June 2000, FAB Press; ISBN 1-903254-01-9
  3. ^ http://www.bbfc.co.uk/website/Classified.nsf/c2fb077ba3f9b33980256b4f002da32c/4f6572f4ab0bfad88025740f003f1803?OpenDocument
  4. ^ Alternate titles for Reazione a catena (1971). Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 2007-03-11.
  5. ^ Michael Fleming. "'Left' right for Rogue", Variety, 2006-08-16. Retrieved on 2007-10-17. 
  6. ^ Michael Fleming. "Helmer haunts Rogue's house", Variety, 2006-09-27. Retrieved on 2007-10-17. 
  7. ^ Borys Kit. "Iliadis on path to 'House' redo", The Hollywood Reporter, 2007-05-30. Retrieved on 2007-10-17. 

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Last House on the Left (1558 words)
For those of us who remember Last House from the early years, the biggest surprise in revisiting it today is realizing how much it has aged: the bell bottoms, bushy sideburns and clunky cars all serve as a reminder that thirty years have passed.
Last House’s really disturbing moments are the scenes of sexual cruelty: Phyllis being forced to “piss (her) pants”; Mari being raped by Krug; the two girls being tormented and stripped in the woods.
Last House is presented on a two-sided disc that offers the option of watching the movie in widescreen (1.85:1, enhanced for widescreen TVs) or standard.
U.S. House - definition of U.S. House in Encyclopedia (3256 words)
Since 1912, the House has had 435 seats which are apportioned among the fifty states by population, as determined by a decennial census.
The House Committee on Rules is particularly powerful because each bill submitted to the floor of the House must have a rule assigned by the committee which limits the amount of debate and more importantly specifies what amendments can or cannot be allowed in the course of the debate.
The House chamber is located in the south wing of the United States Capitol, in Washington, DC.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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