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Encyclopedia > The Kingston Trio
The Kingston Trio's original lineup: Bob Shane, Dave Guard, Nick Reynolds
The Kingston Trio's original lineup: Bob Shane, Dave Guard, Nick Reynolds

The Kingston Trio is an American folk group. They helped launch the folk revival of the 1960s and continued to thrive despite the emergence of rock and roll. Image File history File links KT1. ... Image File history File links KT1. ... Folk Music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the common people. ... The outrageously crowded Woodstock festival epitomized the popular antiwar movement of the 60s. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ...

Contents


History

The Kingston Trio was formed in 1957 in the Palo Alto, California area by Bob Shane, Nick Reynolds, and Dave Guard, who were just out of college. Greatly influenced by The Weavers, the calypso sounds of Harry Belafonte, and other semi-popular folk artists such as the Gateway Singers and the Tarriers, they were discovered playing at a college club called the Cracked Pot by Frank Werber, a local publicist then working at the Hungry i. He became their manager, and secured them a one-shot deal with Capitol Records. 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official website: http://www. ... The Weavers were an immensely popular and influential folk music quartet from Greenwich Village, New York, United States. ... Calypso might refer to one of several things: Calypso is the name of a sea nymph in Greek mythology; Calypso music is a style of Caribbean folk music; Calypso is the name of an album sung by Harry Belafonte; Calypso is the name of a moon of Saturn; 53 Kalypso... Belafonte (center) on the 1963 Civil Rights March on Washington, D.C with Sidney Poitier and Charlton Heston Harold George Belafonte, Jr. ... The term college (Latin collegium) is most often used today to denote an educational institution. ... The hungry i was a legendary San Francisco nightclub operated in the late 1950s and early 1960s by Enrico Banducci at 599 Jackson Street in the North Beach district. ... A recording contract (also commonly called a record deal) is a legal agreement between a record label and a recording artist (or group), where the artist makes a record (or series of records) for the label to sell and promote. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label, owned by EMI. // History The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942, with the financial help of movie producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, (1910-1971) (owner of Music City, at...


Their first hit was a catchy rendition of an old-time folk song, Tom Dooley, which went gold in 1958. It was so popular that it entered the popular culture as a catchphrase: Ella Fitzgerald, for example, parodies it during her recorded version of Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer. It won them the first Grammy award for Best Country & Western Performance in 1959. The next year, they won the first Grammy Award for Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording category for the album The Kingston Trio at Large. Tom Dooley is an old North Carolina folk song based on a historical event. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996), also known as Lady Ella (the First Lady of Song), was an American singer, considered one of the most influential jazz vocalists of the 20th Century, alongside Billie Holiday and Sarah Vaughan. ... Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is a popular Christmas story that has been told in numerous forms including a popular song, a television special, and even a feature film. ... Grammy Award The Grammy Awards (originally called the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music... The Grammy Award for Best Country & Western Recording was awarded from 1959 to 1968. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Grammy Award for Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording was awarded from 1960 to 1986. ...


At one point in the early 1960s The Kingston Trio had four albums at the same time among the Top 10 selling albums, a record unmatched for nearly 40 years. In spite of this, they had a relatively small number of hit singles. The outrageously crowded Woodstock festival epitomized the popular antiwar movement of the 60s. ... A Top 10 list is a generic term used to indicate a list of items, usually ten in number, which are considered to be best, worst, or notable in some other way. ...

The Kingston Trio in Capitol Studios with producer Voyle Gilmore
The Kingston Trio in Capitol Studios with producer Voyle Gilmore

The group's music was simple and accessible, with much use of tight vocal harmony, signature riffs (often played on the banjo), and repetitive choruses. Capitol producer Voyle Gilmore[1] enhanced their vocal sound to great effect with reverb and the relatively new process of doubletracking, in which the performers sang along with their own prerecorded part to produce a stronger sound than with a single voice, in part due to a natural time gap of a fraction of a second between the original recording and the overdubbed part. At first pairs of tape recorders were used, then later multitrack recording machines, to produce the effect. Image File history File links KTstudio. ... Image File history File links KTstudio. ... Harmony, Greek ἁρμονία harmonía meaning a fastening or join. The concept of harmony dates as far back as Pythagoras. ... Old 6-string zither banjo For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument of African American origin, early or original examples sometimes being called the gourd banjo. Its name is commonly thought to be derived from the Kimbundu term mbanza. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... When sound is produced in an enclosed space multiple reflections build up and blend together creating reverberation or reverb. ... An audio recording technique, in which a performer sings or plays along with their own prerecorded part, for dramatic effect or to produce a stronger sound than with a single voice or instrument. ... Multitrack recording is a method of sound recording that allows for the recording and re-recording of multiple sound sources, independent of time. ...


Guard left the band in 1961 as part of a disagreement over its musical direction. He formed the group Whiskey Hill Singers, and was replaced by John Stewart, who led the group through several more years of popularity until the arrival of The Beatles and British invasion rock bands pushed them from the charts. 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... --- John Stewart John C. Stewart is an American singer/songwriter. ... The Beatles were an English pop and rock music group from Liverpool, who continue to be held in the very highest regard for their artistic achievements, their huge commercial success, and their ground-breaking role in the history of popular music. ... The appearance of The Beatles on The Ed Sullivan Show, February 9, 1964, marked the dramatic start of the British Invasion. ...


In 1967 the Trio disbanded after a final performance at the Hungry i, June 17, 1967. The hungry i was a legendary San Francisco nightclub operated in the late 1950s and early 1960s by Enrico Banducci at 599 Jackson Street in the North Beach district. ...


Bob Shane, the lone member to resist the breakup of the Trio, started a new group, aptly named, "The New Kingston Trio," in 1969. Eventually, Shane was successful in reaching a contractual agreement with his former partners, Guard, Reynolds, and Werber, to secure and license once again, the original name, "The Kingston Trio" (unencumbered by the adjective new), in 1976.(Blake et al. 1986.) Bob Shane still owns the property today, 2006.


For a number of years in the 1980s Nick Reynolds, one of the original three members, rejoined Bob Shane.


In 2004 Shane retired from the group due to health problems. He was replaced by Bill Zorn, who had been with Shane in an iteration of the group called The New Kingston Trio; Zorn also has been a member of The Limeliters. The Limeliters are a folk music group formed in July, 1959 by Louis Gottlieb (bass), Alex Hassilev (baritone), and Glenn Yarborough (tenor). ...


In 2005 Bobby Haworth (a one-time member of The Brothers Four) left the group to be replaced by Rick Dougherty, who also had been a member of The Limeliters. The Brothers Four are an American folk group founded in 1957 in Seattle, Washington. ... The Limeliters are a folk music group formed in July, 1959 by Louis Gottlieb (bass), Alex Hassilev (baritone), and Glenn Yarborough (tenor). ...


As of 2006 The Kingston Trio consists of George Grove, Bill Zorn and Rick Dougherty.


Scotch and Soda

Through the years, the most requested song for The Kingston Trio was Scotch and Soda, which was always performed as a solo number by Bob Shane. The Trio discovered this song through Tom Seaver's parents who had first heard the song when on their honeymoon. One member of the Trio was dating Seaver's older sister at that time, and heard the song on a visit to the Seaver home. Although credited to Dave Guard, the Trio never did discover the real songwriter's name, though they searched for years. George Thomas Seaver (born November 17, 1944 in Fresno, California) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher who broke into the major leagues in 1967 and retired in 1986. ...

The Kingston Trio in 2003: George Grove, Bob Shane, Bobby Haworth (bassist Paul Gabrielson).
The Kingston Trio in 2003: George Grove, Bob Shane, Bobby Haworth (bassist Paul Gabrielson).

Since Bob Shane's retirement, the song is only rarely performed live, and always as a solo by one of the current members. Shane himself has performed it recently a few times as a "guest" of the Trio. Image File history File linksMetadata Ktweb. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Ktweb. ...


Discography

Top 40 Hits in chronological order:

  • Tom Dooley, #1 in 1958
  • M.T.A., #15 in 1959
  • The Tijuana Jail, #2 in 1959
  • A Worried Man, #20 in 1959
  • Bad Man Blunder, #37 in 1960
  • El Matador, #32 in 1960
  • Where Have All the Flowers Gone?, #21 in 1962
  • Desert Pete, #33 in 1963
  • Greenback Dollar, #21 in 1963
  • Reverend Mr. Black, #8 in 1963

Source, The Kingston Trio Collectors Series, Capitol Records Inc., 1990. Tom Dooley is an old North Carolina folk song based on a historical event. ... See also: 1957 in music, other events of 1958, 1959 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 28 - Little Richard begins attending classes at Oakwood College in Huntsville, Alabama February 14 - The Iranian government bans rock & roll because they claim that the form... The MTA Song, often called Charlie on the MTA, is a song from the 1940s about a man trapped on Bostons subway system (then known as the MTA and now known officially as the MBTA and colloquially as the T). ... See also: 1958 in music, other events of 1959, 1960 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events 1959 (date unknown) Jimi Hendrix buys first electric guitar: a White Single pickup Supro Ozark 1560 S. January 5 The first sessions for Ella Fitzgeralds George... See also: 1958 in music, other events of 1959, 1960 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events 1959 (date unknown) Jimi Hendrix buys first electric guitar: a White Single pickup Supro Ozark 1560 S. January 5 The first sessions for Ella Fitzgeralds George... See also: 1958 in music, other events of 1959, 1960 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events 1959 (date unknown) Jimi Hendrix buys first electric guitar: a White Single pickup Supro Ozark 1560 S. January 5 The first sessions for Ella Fitzgeralds George... See also: 1959 in music, other events of 1960, 1961 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 14 - Elvis Presley is promoted to Sergeant in the U.S. Army February 6 - Songwriter Jesse Belvin dies in an automobile accident in Los Angeles, California. ... See also: 1959 in music, other events of 1960, 1961 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 14 - Elvis Presley is promoted to Sergeant in the U.S. Army February 6 - Songwriter Jesse Belvin dies in an automobile accident in Los Angeles, California. ... See also: 1961 in music, other events of 1962, 1963 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 1 - The Beatles and Brian Poole and the Tremeloes both audition at Decca Records, a company which has the option of signing one group only. ... See also: 1962 in music, other events of 1963, 1964 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 1 - The Beatles start a 5 day tour in Scotland to support the release of their new single, Love Me Do. January 4 - At Cortina d... See also: 1962 in music, other events of 1963, 1964 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 1 - The Beatles start a 5 day tour in Scotland to support the release of their new single, Love Me Do. January 4 - At Cortina d... See also: 1962 in music, other events of 1963, 1964 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 1 - The Beatles start a 5 day tour in Scotland to support the release of their new single, Love Me Do. January 4 - At Cortina d... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label, owned by EMI. // History The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942, with the financial help of movie producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, (1910-1971) (owner of Music City, at...


Other well-known songs frequently performed by The Kingston Trio:

Wikisource has original text related to this article: This Land Is Your Land This Land Is Your Land is one of the United States most famous folk songs, written by Woody Guthrie in 1940. ... Long Black Veil, a song by Johnny Cash. ...

Trivia

In The Simpsons episode, The Dad Who Knew Too Little, The Kingston Trio are listed number one on Mr. Burns' Nixon-esque enemies list. The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox network. ... The Dad Who Knew Too Little is an episode of the animated television series The Simpsons. ... Charles Montgomery Burns (usually or , even Monty Burns), a fictional character, is the sinister owner of the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant in The Simpsons animated television series. ...


External links

references

  • Blake, B., Rubeck, J., Shaw, A. (1986) The Kingston Trio On Record. Kingston Korner Inc, ILL: ISBN 0-9614594-0-9.

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Kingston Trio - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (680 words)
The Kingston Trio was formed in 1957 in the Palo Alto, California area by Bob Shane, Nick Reynolds, and Dave Guard, who were just out of college.
At one point in the early 1960s The Kingston Trio had four albums at the same time among the Top 10 selling albums, a record unmatched for nearly 40 years.
The Trio discovered this song through Tom Seaver's parents who had first heard the song when on their honeymoon.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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