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Encyclopedia > The King and I (1956 film)
The King and I

original film poster
Directed by Walter Lang
Produced by Charles Brackett
Darryl F. Zanuck (uncredited)
Written by Margaret Landon (novel "Anna and the King of Siam")
Oscar Hammerstein II (play)
Ernest Lehman
Starring Deborah Kerr
Yul Brynner
Rita Moreno
Music by Richard Rodgers
Cinematography Leon Shamroy
Editing by Robert Simpson
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release date(s) June 1956
Running time 133 mins
Language English/ Thai
IMDb profile
This article is about the 1956 film, for the musical on which the film was based, see The King and I

The King and I is a 1956 musical film made by 20th Century Fox, directed by Walter Lang and produced by Charles Brackett and Darryl F. Zanuck. The film is based on the Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II musical The King and I. The screenplay was by Ernest Lehman. The cinematography was by Leon Shamroy, the art direction by John DeCuir and Lyle R. Wheeler and the costume design by Irene Sharaff. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Walter Lang (born August 10, 1896 - died February 7, 1972) was an American film director. ... Charles Brackett (November 26, 1892-March 9, 1969) was an accomplished movie screenwriter and movie producer. ... Darryl Francis Zanuck (September 5, 1902–December 22, 1979) was a producer, writer, actor and director who played a major part in the Hollywood studio system as one of its longest survivors (the length of his career being rivalled only by that of Adolph Zukor). ... Margaret Landon (September 7, 1903 - December 4, 1993) was an American writer who became famous for Anna and the King of Siam, her 1944 novel of the life of Anna Leonowens. ... For work done with Richard Rodgers, see Rodgers and Hammerstein Oscar Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 – August 23, 1960) was a New-York born writer, producer, and (usually uncredited) director of musicals for almost forty years. ... Ernest Lehman (born December 8, 1915 in New York City - died July 2, 2005 in Los Angeles, California) was a successful screenwriter in Hollywood. ... Deborah Kerr Deborah Kerr CBE (born 30 September 1921) is a Scottish actress and a recipient of an Academy Honorary Award for a motion picture career that has always stood for perfection, discipline and elegance. ... Yul Brynner (July 11, 1920[1] – October 10, 1985) was a Russian-born Broadway and Academy Award-winning Hollywood actor. ... Rita Moreno on the 1962 album cover for Academy Award Winner Rita Moreno Sings Rita Moreno (born December 11, 1931 in Humacao, Puerto Rico) is an Academy Award-winning actress and the first and only Puerto Rican actress in history (as well as one of only nine people) to have... For more on his work with his two partners, see Rodgers and Hart and Rodgers and Hammerstein. ... Leon Shamroy (July 16, 1901 – July 7, 1974) was an American film cinematographer. ... Robert Simpson may refer to: Robert Simpson, Canadian founder of Simpsons Department Store Robert Simpson, English musician Bob Simpson, American meteorologist and co-developer of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the major American film studios. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The King and I is a musical by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, with a script based on the book Anna and the King of Siam by Margaret Landon. ... See also: 1955 in film 1956 1957 in film 1950s in film years in film film // Events November 15 - The film Love Me Tender starring Elvis Presley (his first film) opens. ... The musical film is a film genre in which several songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the major American film studios. ... Walter Lang (born August 10, 1896 - died February 7, 1972) was an American film director. ... Charles Brackett (November 26, 1892-March 9, 1969) was an accomplished movie screenwriter and movie producer. ... Darryl Francis Zanuck (September 5, 1902–December 22, 1979) was a producer, writer, actor and director who played a major part in the Hollywood studio system as one of its longest survivors (the length of his career being rivalled only by that of Adolph Zukor). ... For more on his work with his two partners, see Rodgers and Hart and Rodgers and Hammerstein. ... For work done with Richard Rodgers, see Rodgers and Hammerstein Oscar Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 – August 23, 1960) was a New-York born writer, producer, and (usually uncredited) director of musicals for almost forty years. ... The King and I is a musical by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, with a script based on the book Anna and the King of Siam by Margaret Landon. ... Ernest Lehman (born December 8, 1915 in New York City - died July 2, 2005 in Los Angeles, California) was a successful screenwriter in Hollywood. ... Leon Shamroy (July 16, 1901 – July 7, 1974) was an American film cinematographer. ... After studying at the Chouinard Art School, Hollywood art director John DeCuir (1918–1991) joined Universal in the late 1930s and by the middle of the 40s, he was designing sets. ... Lyle Reynolds Wheeler (February 2, 1905 - January 10, 1990) was an important American motion picture art director. ... Irene Sharaff (b. ...


The film stars Yul Brynner and Deborah Kerr with Rita Moreno, Patrick Adiarte, Alan Mowbray and Geoffrey Toone. Yul Brynner (July 11, 1920[1] – October 10, 1985) was a Russian-born Broadway and Academy Award-winning Hollywood actor. ... Deborah Kerr Deborah Kerr CBE (born 30 September 1921) is a Scottish actress and a recipient of an Academy Honorary Award for a motion picture career that has always stood for perfection, discipline and elegance. ... Rita Moreno on the 1962 album cover for Academy Award Winner Rita Moreno Sings Rita Moreno (born December 11, 1931 in Humacao, Puerto Rico) is an Academy Award-winning actress and the first and only Puerto Rican actress in history (as well as one of only nine people) to have... Ho-Jon is a fictional character in the film M*A*S*H, where he was played by Kim Atwood, and the television series M*A*S*H, where he was played by Patrick Adiarte. ... Alan Mowbray (August 18, 1896 - March 25, 1969), was a British stage and film actor who found success in Hollywood. ... Geoffrey Toone (15 November 1910–1 June 2005) was an Irish character actor. ...

Contents

Production

The musical was written for Gertrude Lawrence and her appearance in the film was contractually guaranteed. However, she was diagnosed with cancer whilst playing the role on Broadway and died during the run. Dinah Shore, a singer as well as an actress, was considered for the role of Anna. Maureen O'Hara, who had a pleasant soprano voice, was originally cast, but Richard Rodgers did not agree to the casting. It was Yul Brynner who pressed for Deborah Kerr to play the role. Marni Nixon provided Deborah Kerr's singing for the film. Nixon also dubbed Kerr's singing again for the film An Affair to Remember. Gertrude Lawrence (June 4, 1898 - September 6, 1952) was an actress and musical performer popular in the 1930s and 1940s, appearing on stage in London and on Broadway, and in several films. ... Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... Dinah Shore (born Frances Rose Shore February 29, 1916 - February 24, 1994) was an American singer and actress. ... Maureen OHara Maureen OHara (born Maureen FitzSimons) on August 17, 1920 is an Irish film actress. ... Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Marni Nixon (born February 22, 1930) is a singer whose renown for dubbing the singing voices of featured actresses in movies earned her the sobriquet The Ghostess with the Mostess. She was born Margaret McEathron in Altadena, California and began singing at a young age in choruses. ... An Affair to Remember is a 1957 film, starring Cary Grant and Deborah Kerr. ...


Music

Several songs were deleted from the film, but three of these are heard on the soundtrack recording. Omitted from the film were "My Lord and Master" "I Have Dreamed," "Western People Funny," and "Shall I Tell You What I Think of You?", as well as reprises of several of the other songs. "I Have Dreamed" and "Western People Funny" survive in the film as orchestral underscoring. A DVD released in 2006 originally promised to restore the lost numbers, but instead included only the audio for "Shall I Tell You?" This would seem to indicate no footage exists of these numbers.


An off-screen choral reprise of "Something Wonderful" was added to serve as the film's finale. (The play ends with musical underscoring, but no singing.)


Plot

Mrs. Anna Leonowens, a widow from Wales (Kerr), arrives in Bangkok with her young son, Louis, to teach English to the children of the royal household of King Mongkut (Brynner). The King eventually honors his promise of a suitable house. He also very much wishes to absorb western knowledge, but is sometimes conflicted over how to reconcile western ways with his own. His efforts to do this, not admitted even by himself, are further hindered by his minister, who wishes to keep Western influence out of the court. Anna Leonowens (November, 1831 - January 19, 1915) is chiefly famous for being the British governess portrayed in the musical The King and I. The play, based on adaptations of her factually slipshod memoirs, provides a fictionalised look at her life in the royal court of Siam (present-day Thailand). ... This article is about the country. ... King Mongkut (Rama IV), (October 18, 1804 – October 1, 1868) was king of Siam from 1851 to 1868. ...


Meanwhile, a new (literate) slave for the king named Tuptim -- a gift from the king of Burma -- befriends "Mrs. Anna" and borrows her copy of Uncle Tom's Cabin. She transforms it into the Siamese ballet Small House of Uncle Thomas, which is presented amidst the welcoming of emissaries from Great Britain, making it clear she is unhappy being a slave to the King. After the performance, when she tries to escape with her lover Lun Tha, she is apprehended. Anna urges the King not to beat the girl; he states he will do so anyway but finds himself unable to (presumably due to Anna's influence on him) and he hides himself away and declines in health. Uncle Toms Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly is a novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe which treats slavery as a central theme. ... Painting of ballet dancers by Edgar Degas, 1872. ...


Anna, thinking that she can no longer be of any use, is just about to leave Siam when she is told that the King is dying. She decides to stay in order to help his young son, Crown Prince Chulalongkorn -- her favorite pupil -- to rule his people. His Majesty King Rama V of Siam, with his son, HRH Crown Prince Maha Vajirunnahis (portrait in National History Museum, Bangkok) King Chulalongkorn the Great or Rama V (royal name: Phra Chula Chomklao Chaoyuhua; Thai script: พระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) (September 20, 1853 - October 23, 1910) was the fifth king of the Chakri dynasty...


Awards and nominations

Academy Awards

The film was nominated for nine Academy Awards and won five. Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...


Wins

The Academy Award for Best Actor is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Yul Brynner (July 11, 1920[1] – October 10, 1985) was a Russian-born Broadway and Academy Award-winning Hollywood actor. ... The Academy Awards are the oldest awards ceremony for achievements in motion pictures. ... After studying at the Chouinard Art School, Hollywood art director John DeCuir (1918–1991) joined Universal in the late 1930s and by the middle of the 40s, he was designing sets. ... Lyle Reynolds Wheeler (February 2, 1905 - January 10, 1990) was an important American motion picture art director. ... This Academy Award was first given for movies made in 1948 when separate awards were given for black-and-white and color movies. ... Irene Sharaff (b. ... As defined by Rule Sixteen of the Academy Awards Rules, the Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... Alfred Newman (March 17, 1900 – February 17, 1970) was a major American composer of music for films. ... Ken Darby is an Academy Award winning composer, he has shared in winning an Academy Award for Original Music Score 3 times and being nominated for three others: Awarded Scoring of a Musical Picture The King and I (1956) (with Alfred Newman) Nominated Scoring of a Musical Picture Gigi (1958... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ...

Nominations

Brynner was one of seven actors to win the Tony and the Oscar for the same role. The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actresses working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... Deborah Kerr Deborah Kerr CBE (born 30 September 1921) is a Scottish actress and a recipient of an Academy Honorary Award for a motion picture career that has always stood for perfection, discipline and elegance. ... Leon Shamroy (July 16, 1901 – July 7, 1974) was an American film cinematographer. ... The Academy Award for Directing is an accolade given to the person that the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences feels was best director of the past year. ... Walter Lang (born August 10, 1896 - died February 7, 1972) was an American film director. ... // The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... Charles Brackett (November 26, 1892-March 9, 1969) was an accomplished movie screenwriter and movie producer. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ...


Golden Globe Awards

Wins

  • Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy
  • Best Actress - Deborah Kerr

Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy has been awarded annually since 1952 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. ... Deborah Kerr Deborah Kerr CBE (born 30 September 1921) is a Scottish actress and a recipient of an Academy Honorary Award for a motion picture career that has always stood for perfection, discipline and elegance. ...

Nominations

  • Best Butt - Deborah Kerr
  • Best Motion Picture Actor - Comedy/Musical - Yul Brynner

Yul Brynner (July 11, 1920[1] – October 10, 1985) was a Russian-born Broadway and Academy Award-winning Hollywood actor. ...

Other

In 2006, this film ranked #11 on the American Film Institute's list of best musicals. The American Film Institute (AFI) is an independent non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act. ... Part of the AFI 100 Years. ...


Trivia

  • Academy Award nominee Dorothy Dandridge was offered the role of Tuptim but declined because she did not want to play a slave.[citation needed] She later changed her mind but found out that Rita Moreno won the part instead.
50th Anniversary edition DVD release
  • The King and I is also illegal along with anything relating to The King and I in Thailand.[citation needed]
  • The film was shot and promoted in the then-new 55mm CinemaScope 55, but was actually shown in the standard 35mm CinemaScope, with 4-channel stereo instead of the 6-channel stereo originally promised. CinemaScope 55 was never used or promoted again after this production.[citation needed]
  • After the film was completed, several cast members were brought back to film extended scenes because Darryl Zanuck felt the previous cuts were incomplete. For example, Rita Moreno and Carlos Rivas were called back to film "We Kiss in a Shadow" and Yul Brynner was brought back to film "Is a Puzzlement."[citation needed]
  • Additionally, an outdoor scene of Siam showing Anna and Louis walking to the palace following the Kralahome was filmed with the remaining budget. At the time, it was said to be the largest outdoor set ever built.[citation needed]
  • A special 50th Anniversary edition was released in 2006.
  • Costumes for the film were made of original Thai silk supplied by Jim Thompson Company in Bangkok.[citation needed]
  • Marlon Brando was originally offered the role of The King in the film version. He was not able to do it due to other movie commitments, so Yul Brynner was chosen to play the part.[citation needed]

Dorothy Jean Dandridge (November 9, 1922–September 8, 1965) was an American actress. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A Fox logo used to promote the CinemaScope process. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Yul Brynner (July 11, 1920[1] – October 10, 1985) was a Russian-born Broadway and Academy Award-winning Hollywood actor. ...

External link

The King and I at the Internet Movie Database The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...


 
 

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