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Encyclopedia > The Katzenjammer Kids
A modern Katzenjammer Kids comic strip by Hy Eisman.

The Katzenjammer Kids is a comic strip created by the German immigrant Rudolph Dirks. It debuted on December 12, 1897 in the American Humorist, a Sunday supplement of the New York Journal owned by newspaper king William Randolph Hearst. It is probably the world's second oldest comic strip, after The Yellow Kid, which ran from 1895–98. The Katzenjammer Kids is today distributed by King Features Syndicate, making it the oldest comic strip still in syndication. Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE [2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a multiple Grammy and Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... The Captain & The Kid is an autobiograpical album by Elton John and his lyricist Bernie Taupin released in September 2006. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Hy Eisman (born March 27, 1927) is an American cartoonist. ... This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Rudolph Dirks (February 26, 1877 – April 20, 1968) was one of the earliest and most successful comic strip artists. ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The New York Journal American was a newspaper purchased by William Randolph Hearst in 1895 (at the time called the New York Morning Journal, then the New York Journal). ... William Randolph Hearst (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper magnate. ... The Yellow Kid Mickey Dugan, better known as The Yellow Kid, was the lead fictional character in Hogans Alley, one of the first comic strips and one of the very first to be printed in color. ... King Features Syndicate is a syndication company owned by The Hearst Corporation; it distributes about 150 comic strips, newspaper columns, editorial cartoons, puzzles and games to thousands of newspapers around the world. ... Print Syndication is a form of syndication in which news articles, columns, or comic strips are made available to newspapers and magazines. ...


After a series of legal battles between 1912 and 1914, Dirks left the Hearst organization, and began a new strip, first titled Hans und Fritz and then The Captain and the Kids, featuring the same characters as The Katzenjammer Kids, which was continued by Hearst with other artists. The two separate versions of the strip competed with each other until 1979, when The Captain and the Kids, by then illustrated by Rudolph Dirks' son John, ended its six-decade run.

Contents

History

Creation and early years

The Katzenjammer Kids was inspired by "Max and Moritz", a famous children's story of the 1860s by the German Wilhelm Busch. The Katzenjammer Kids (three brothers in the first strip, but soon reduced to two) featured Hans and Fritz, twins who rebelled against authority, particularly in the form of their mother, Mama; der Captain, a shipwrecked sailor who acted as a surrogate father; and der Inspector, an official from the school system. Several of the characters spoke in stereotypical German-accented English. Katzenjammer means contrition after a failed endeavour or hangover in German. Max and Moritz Max and Moritz (A Story of Seven Boyish Pranks) was a German language illustrated story in verse. ... Works (with the year of publication) 1864 Bilderpossen 1865 Max and Moritz 1866 Schnaken und Schnurren 1867 Hans Huckebein der Unglücksrabe 1868 Schnaken und Schnurren, part II 1869 Schnurrdiburr oder die Bienen Braun 1870 Der heilige Antonius von Padua 1872 Schnaken und Schnurren, part III 1872 Die fromme Helene... Three types of sailor are seen here in the wheelhouse: a master, an able seaman, and a harbour pilot. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A hangover (veisalgia) describes the sum of unpleasant physiological effects following heavy consumption of alcoholic beverages. ...


The comic strip was turned into a stage play in 1903, inspired several animated cartoons, and was one of twenty strips included in the Comic Strip Classics series of commemorative postage stamps. 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) film for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one). ... The Comic Strip Classics series of commemorative postage stamps was issued by the US Postal Service in 1995 to honor the centennial of the newspaper comic strip. ... This 1974 stamp from Japan depicts a Class 8620 steam locomotive. ...


The Katzenjammer Kids versus The Captain and the Kids

The Katzenjammer Kids was so popular that it became two competing comic strips and the subject of a lawsuit. This happened because Dirks wanted to take a break after about fifteen years, but the Hearst newspaper syndicate would not allow it. Dirks left anyway, and the strip was taken over by Harold Knerr. Dirks sued, and after a long legal battle the Hearst papers were allowed to continue The Katzenjammer Kids and Dirks was allowed to syndicate an almost identical strip of his own for the rival Pulitzer newspapers. It has been suggested that civil trial be merged into this article or section. ... Founded by legendary yellow-journalist Joseph Pulitzer (who also funded the Pulitzer Prizes, which are not affiliated with the company), Pulitzer, Inc. ...


Initially named Hanz und Fritz after the two naughty protagonist brothers, Dirks' feature was called The Captain and the Kids from 1918 on. The Captain and the Kids was almost completely similar to The Katzenjammer Kids in terms of content and characters, but Dirks had a looser and more verbal style than Knerr, who on the other hand often produced stronger, more direct gags and drawings. The Captain and the Kids soon proved to equal the popularity of The Katzenjammer Kids. It was later distributed by the United Features Syndicate (while Hearst's King Features Syndicate distributed The Katzenjammer Kids). 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... United Media is large editorial column and comic strip newspaper syndication service based in the United States, owned by The E.W. Scripps Company. ... King Features Syndicate is a syndication company owned by The Hearst Corporation; it distributes about 150 comic strips, newspaper columns, editorial cartoons, puzzles and games to thousands of newspapers around the world. ...


The Katzenjammers from the 1950s to the present

While a daily Captain and the Kids strip faltered during a short-lived run in the 1930s, the Sunday strip maintained its popularity for several years. In 1946, Dirks' son John Dirks gradually began taking over more and more of the work with The Captain and the Kids, and he and his father began introducing new characters in the 1950s. In 1958, the Dirkses turned towards science fiction with a storyline running for months about a brilliant inventor and alien invasions. Even as John Dirks took over most of the work, Rudolph Dirks signed the strip until his death in 1968. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ...


Meanwhile, Harold Knerr had continued with The Katzenjammer Kids until his death in 1949. Following his passing, the feature was written and drawn by Charles H. Winner from 1949–1956, and Joe Musial beginning in 1956. After Dirks' passing, the drawing style for The Captain and the Kids had shifted slightly after that towards a more square-formed line, though it maintained the original style more so than Joe Musial's work with The Katzenjammer Kids.


Regardless of the fact that The Captain and the Kids was the work of the characters' originator and his son, The Katzenjammer Kids proved to be the most profitable and long-running, and The Captain and the Kids ended its run in 1979. Musial was replaced on The Katzenjammer Kids by Mike Senisch from 1976–1981, and Angelo DeCesare took over the feature from 1981–1986. The feature is currently drawn by Hy Eisman and distributed to about 50 newspapers and magazines around the world. Hy Eisman (born March 27, 1927) is an American cartoonist. ...


Appearances in other media

The Katzenjammer Kids characters first appeared outside of comics in a handful of live-action silent films, the first produced in 1898. Seventeen Katzenjammer Kids silent cartoon shorts were produced between 1917 and 1918.


In 1938, The Captain and the Kids became the subject of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's first self-produced series of theatrical cartoon short subjects, with William Hanna, Bob Allen, and Friz Freleng serving as the directors. However, the series proved to be unsuccessful, and ended after one year and fifteen cartoons. A later series of Captain and the Kids cartoons were produced for television, as a back-up segment for Filmation's Archie's TV Funnies. For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... A short film (also short or short subject) is a motion picture that is shorter than the average feature film. ... William Denby Bill Hanna (July 14, 1910 – March 22, 2001) was an American animator, director, producer, cartoon artist, and co-founder, together with Joseph Barbera, of Hanna-Barbera. ... Isadore Friz Freleng (August 21, 1905–May 26, 1995) was an animator, cartoonist, director, and producer best known for his work on the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons from Warner Bros. ... The first Filmation logo. ... The Archie Show was the first in a long line of Saturday morning cartoon animated series produced by Filmation and based upon Bob Montanas Archie characters. ...


Effect on popular culture

  • Art Clokey, the creator of Gumby, has claimed that The Katzenjammer Kids inspired the creation of Gumby's nemeses, The Block-heads.[1]
  • A deathrock band in France, Katzenjammer Kabarett, is named in honour of the comic strip.
  • Cafe Katzenjammer, a German dining establishment located in the West Point Grey neighborhood of Vancouver, British Columbia, is named after the comic strip.
  • The American musical group, The World/Inferno Friendship Society, reference The Katzenjammer Kids in their song, "Zen and the Art of Breaking Everything in this Room".

Art Clokey (born 1921) is a pioneer in the popularization of claymation, beginning in 1955 with a film experiment called Gumbasia, influenced by his professor Slavko Vorkapich at the University of Southern California (known colloquially as USC Film School). ... Gumby and Pokey Gumby is a dark-green clay humanoid figure who was the subject of a series of American television shows totaling 223 episodes over a 35 year period, animated using stop motion clay animation. ... The Block-heads were two characters in the Gumby television series created by claymation artist Art Clokey; they were the humanoid, dark orange-colored nemeses of Gumby. ... Deathrock (also spelled death rock) is a term used to identify a subgenre of punk rock or goth, which incorporated elements of horror and first emerged most prominently in the West Coast of the United States during the late 1970s and early 1980s. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... The World/Inferno Friendship Society is a cabaret punk group from Brooklyn. ...

References

  1. ^ gumbyworld.com. The Blockheads.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Katzenjammer Kids - Answers.com (946 words)
Katzenjammer Kids was inspired by "Max and Moritz", a famous children's story of the 1860s by the German Wilhelm Busch.
The Katzenjammer Kids (three brothers in the first strip, but soon reduced to two) featured Hans and Fritz, twins who rebelled against authority, particularly in the form of their mother, Mama; der Captain, a shipwrecked sailor who acted as a surrogate father; and der Inspector, an official from the school system.
Katzenjammer Kids versus The Captain and the Kids
The Katzenjammer Kids (3155 words)
The Katzenjammer Kids first appeared in the Sunday comic pages in December 1897, which means that Hans and Fritz are now engaged in their second century of antics in the funny pages.
Ultimately, the Katzenjammer Kids were continued for the Hearst papers by Harold H. Knerr, and the court awarded Dirks the right to continue drawing his characters, so long as they were not entitled "The Katzenjammer Kids." This, he proceeded to do for the rival Pulitzer newspapers.
The one on the left is from a 1918 "Captain and the Kids" by Dirks.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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