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Encyclopedia > The Jam
The Jam
Bruce Foxton and Paul Weller on Top of the Pops circa 1977
Bruce Foxton and Paul Weller on Top of the Pops circa 1977
Background information
Origin Woking, Surrey, England
Genre(s) Punk Rock
Mod Revival
Power pop
Pop punk[1]
New Wave
Years active 1972 - 1982
Label(s) Polydor Records
Former members
Paul Weller
Bruce Foxton
Rick Buckler

The Jam were an English punk rock/mod revival band active during the late 1970s and early 1980s. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (719x689, 67 KB) Summary I found this television screenshot at http://www. ... Top of the Pops, also known as TOTP, was a long-running British music chart television programme, made and broadcast by the BBC. It was originally shown each week, mostly on BBC One, from 1 January 1964 to 30 July 2006. ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... This article is about the English county. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... The mod revival was a music genre and subculture that started in the United Kingdom in 1978 and later spread to other countries (to a lesser degree). ... Power pop is a long-standing musical genre that draws its inspiration from 1960s British and American pop music. ... Pop punk is used for two separate subgenres of punk rock music: the kind typically found on Lookout! Records, which stray very little from the three-chord formula that The Ramones pioneered, as well as a newer subgenre of melodic, more emotional punk, which includes by bands like NOFX and... New Wave was a pop and rock music genre that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... 1920s vintage Polydor export label with its double-horn gramophone logo In 1954 Polydor Records introduced their distinctive orange label. ... Paul Weller (born John William Weller May 25, 1958, in Sheerwater, near Woking, Surrey) is an English singer-songwriter. ... Bruce Foxton is an English rock and roll musician born on September 1st 1955 in Woking, Surrey who is best remembered as the bass player in punk/new wave band The Jam. ... Rick Buckler (born 6 December 1955—), was the drummer and an original member of The Jam, a British rock-band that enjoyed considerable success in the United Kingdom between 1977 and 1982. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... The mod revival was a music genre and subculture that started in the United Kingdom in 1978 and later spread to other countries (to a lesser degree). ...


They had 18 straight top 40 singles in the United Kingdom, from their debut in 1977 to their breakup in 1982, including four number 1 hits. Two of these 18 singles were only available in the UK as imports, and as of 2007 they remained the best-selling import singles of all time in the UK. The Jam released one live album and six studio albums, the last of which, The Gift, hit number 1 on the UK album charts. The Gift was the final studio album by The Jam. ...


They drew upon a variety of stylistic influences over the course of their career, including 1960s beat music, soul, rhythm and blues and psychedelic rock, as well as 1970s punk rock and new wave. The trio was known for its melodic pop songs, distinctly English flavour, and mod image. The band launched the career of Paul Weller, who went on to form The Style Council and later had a successful solo career. Weller wrote and sang most of The Jam’s original compositions, and he played lead Rickenbacker guitar. Bruce Foxton provided backing vocals and played unusually prominent basslines, which were the foundation of many of the band’s songs; including the hits "Down in the Tube Station at Midnight", "The Eton Rifles", and "Town Called Malice". Rick Buckler played drums. It has been suggested that Merseybeat be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Rhythm and blues (disambiguation). ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... New Wave was a pop and rock music genre that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Paul Weller (born John William Weller May 25, 1958, in Sheerwater, near Woking, Surrey) is an English singer-songwriter. ... The Style Council were an English musical group formed in 1983 by ex-The Jam singer and guitarist Paul Weller with keyboardist Mick Talbot. ... Rickenbacker 330JG Rickenbacker International Corporation, also known as Rickenbacker (IPA pronunciation: ) [1]), is an electric guitar manufacturer, notable for having invented the first electric guitar during the 1930s. ... Bruce Foxton is an English rock and roll musician born on September 1st 1955 in Woking, Surrey who is best remembered as the bass player in punk/new wave band The Jam. ... A backup vocalist or background singer (or, especially in the U.S., backup singer or sometimes background singer) is a singer who sings in harmony with the lead vocalist, other backing vocalists, or alone but not singing the lead. ... Down In The Tube Station At Midnight was the second single released from the album All Mod Cons by The Jam. ... The Eton Rifles was the only single to be released from the album Setting Sons by The Jam. ... Featuring one of the easily-recognisable bass-lines in British music history,Town Called Malice is a song recorded by The Jam from the album The Gift. ... Rick Buckler (born 6 December 1955—), was the drummer and an original member of The Jam, a British rock-band that enjoyed considerable success in the United Kingdom between 1977 and 1982. ...

Contents

History

Formation (1972-1976)

The Jam formed in Woking, Surrey, England in 1972. The line-ups were very fluid at this stage, consisting of guitarist and lead vocalist Paul Weller and his various friends at Sheerwater Secondary School. They played their first gigs at Michaels, a local club. The line-up began to solidify in the mid 1970s with Weller, guitarist Steve Brookes, drummer Rick Buckler, and bassist Bruce Foxton. In their early years, their sets consisted of early American rock and roll covers by the likes of Chuck Berry and Little Richard. They continued in this vein until Weller discovered The Who’s "My Generation" and became fascinated with mod music and lifestyle. As he said later, "I saw that through becoming a Mod it would give me a base and an angle to write from, and this we eventually did. We went out and bought black suits and started playing Motown, Stax and Atlantic covers. I bought a Rickenbacker guitar, a Lambretta GP 150 and tried to style my hair like Steve Marriott’s circa ’66."[2] Eventually Brookes left the band, and was not replaced, inviting Weller to develop a combined lead/rhythm guitar style influenced by The Who’s Pete Townshend as well as Dr. Feelgood guitarist Wilko Johnson. The line-up of Weller, Foxton, and Buckler would persist until the end of The Jam’s career. They were managed by Weller’s father, John Weller, who still manages Paul’s career. , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... This article is about the English county. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Paul Weller (born John William Weller May 25, 1958, in Sheerwater, near Woking, Surrey) is an English singer-songwriter. ... Sheerwater Secondary School was located on Albert Drive, in Woking, Surrey, England. ... Rick Buckler (born 6 December 1955—), was the drummer and an original member of The Jam, a British rock-band that enjoyed considerable success in the United Kingdom between 1977 and 1982. ... Bruce Foxton is an English rock and roll musician born on September 1st 1955 in Woking, Surrey who is best remembered as the bass player in punk/new wave band The Jam. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born 18 October 1926, St. ... Richard Wayne Penniman (born December 5, 1932), better known by the stage name Little Richard, is an African-American singer, songwriter, and pianist, who began performing in the 1940s and was a key figure in the transition from rhythm & blues to rock and roll in the mid-1950s. ... The Who are a British rock band that first formed in 1964, and grew to be considered one of the greatest[1] and most influential[2] bands in the world. ... This article is about the song. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... Streaming API for XML (StAX) is an application programming interface (API) to read and write XML documents in the Java programming language. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Rickenbacker 330JG Rickenbacker International Corporation, also known as Rickenbacker (IPA pronunciation: ) [1]), is an electric guitar manufacturer, notable for having invented the first electric guitar during the 1930s. ... Innocenti Lambretta For other uses, see Lambretta. ... Steve Marriott (30 January 1947 in Upton, East London, – 20 April 1991 in Arkesden, Essex. ... Peter Dennis Blandford Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award-winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ... Dr. Feelgood as a nickname may refer to: Heroin, the narcotic Physicians generally who overprescribe psychoactive medications, and in particular to Dr. Max Jacobson Dr. Feelgood may also refer to: Dr. Feelgood (band), British rock/blues band (album), and a single of the same name, by American band Mötley... Wilko Johnson (born John Wilkinson on 12 July 1947, in Canvey Island) is a guitarist particularly associated with 1970s British rhythm and blues band, Dr. Feelgood. ...


Around 1976, Weller had another stylistic revelation after seeing the Sex Pistols. He recalled later, "The Pistols’ noisy garage band racket and Rotten’s youthful amphetamined arrogance. I loved it! It was so young and exciting, and of course, there were no flares - one of the most hideous fashion creations ever!”[3] In the following two years, The Jam gained a small following around London from playing minor gigs, becoming one of the new lights on the nascent punk scene. In many ways, however, they stood out from their punk peers. Though they shared a youthful outlook, short hair, crushing volume, and lightning-fast tempos, The Jam wore neatly tailored suits where others wore ripped clothes, played professionally where others were defiantly amateurish, and portrayed clear influences in 1960s rock where others were disdainful (at least in public) of the past. Indeed, they were tagged by some journalists as revivalists. They were signed to Polydor Records in early 1977. The Sex Pistols were an iconic and highly influential English punk rock band, formed in London in 1975. ... John Lydon John Joseph Lydon (born January 31, 1956), also known as Johnny Rotten (a nickname derived from the state of his teeth) was the iconoclastic lead singer of the Sex Pistols and Public Image Ltd (PiL) and an Irish individualist anarchist. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... 1920s vintage Polydor export label with its double-horn gramophone logo In 1954 Polydor Records introduced their distinctive orange label. ...


Early recordings (1977)

Polydor released their debut single, "In the City", which scraped the bottom of the Top 40 in England, on April 29, 1977. In early May, the band released their debut album of the same name. The album, like those of The Clash and the Sex Pistols, comprised fast, loud and to-the-point songs. What set it apart was its clear influences in vintage rock and roll. They covered early American rock and roller Larry Williams's "Slow Down" (also covered by The Beatles) and the Batman theme, something of a standard for bands in the 1960s. Their originals revealed the influence of Motown, The Beatles and The Who. In the City, back of single cover In the City was the debut single by English mod revival/punk rock band The Jam. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... In The City was the debut album of British Punk band The Jam. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Sex Pistols were an iconic and highly influential English punk rock band, formed in London in 1975. ... // [] // ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... This article is about the 1960s television series. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... The Who are a British rock band that first formed in 1964, and grew to be considered one of the greatest[1] and most influential[2] bands in the world. ...


Many punk records at the time had some political overtones. The Jam also were politically-engaged, condemning police brutality ("In the City") and expansionist development ("Bricks And Mortar"). However, their most openly political song, "Time For Truth", bemoaned the decline of the British Empire, police brutality and expressed disparaging sentiments about "Uncle Jimmy" (the then Labour British Prime Minister James Callaghan) in no uncertain terms ("Whatever happened to the great Empire?"). These pro-Empire sentiments and ostentatious displays of the Union Flag began to earn the group the tag of "Conservative". Weller's announcement that The Jam intended to vote for the Conservative Party in the upcoming General Election served to confirm this association. It later caused them embarrassment, and dogged them throughout their career. Weller claims that The Jam's public relations representative had told them to become Conservatives to contrast politically with other punk bands.[citation needed] Misunderstandings in the music press as regards The Jam's political or social stance are usually attributed to Weller's lyrical perspective. Even as he pointed out what he saw as wrong and demanded change, Weller's lyrics reflected a deep affection for an idealised vision of England, much in the style of The Kinks' Ray Davies. This contrasted with the Sex Pistols' calls for destruction, or The Clash's calls for revolutionary change. The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the United Kingdom. ... Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff, KG, PC (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), was Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979. ... “Union Jack” redirects here. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... The United Kingdom general election of 1979 was held on 3 May 1979 and is regarded as a pivotal point in 20th century British politics. ... // The term Public Relations was first used by the US President Thomas Jefferson during his address to Congress in 1807. ... The Kinks were an English rock group formed in 1963 by lead singer-songwriter Ray Davies, his brother, lead guitarist and vocalist Dave Davies, and bassist Pete Quaife. ... Raymond Douglas Davies, CBE (born June 21, 1944 at Fortis Green, London) is an influential English rock musician, best known as lead singer-songwriter for The Kinks - one of the most influential, prolific and long-lived British Invasion bands - which he led with his younger brother, Dave. ... The Sex Pistols were an iconic and highly influential English punk rock band, formed in London in 1975. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


After the non-LP single "All Around the World" nearly reached the UK Top 10, The Jam, having achieved a notable following in such a short time, was hard-pressed to produce more material. Their second album, This Is the Modern World, arrived later in 1977. Bruce Foxton, generally considered a lesser songwriter than Weller, contributed two songs to the LP which both attracted an unusual level of negative criticism. Thereafter, his composing output gradually decreased leaving Weller firmly established as the band's chief writer. Despite displaying more stylistic variety than before, including some ventures into introspective pop, This Is The Modern World was not widely praised, with critics citing variously the album's unfinished ideas, poor songwriting, uninspired performances or bland production. However, when John Peel first heard the album he played it in its entirety on one show, one track after the other. This Is the Modern World remains one of the least regarded LPs of the group's career and Weller later admitted a temporary lack of interest. All Around The World was a single released by The Jam on 23rd July 1977 and reached #13 in the UK Singles Chart. ... This Is the Modern World is the second album by British punk band The Jam. ... “Peel Sessions” redirects here. ...


All Mod Cons (1978)

The Jam on the cover of NME

The Jam spent much of the next two years touring. In March of 1978, the band released "News of the World", a non-album single that was both written and sung by Foxton. It charted at a respectable #27 UK, and was the band's second biggest hit to that time. However, this would turn out to be the only Foxton solo composition to be released as a Jam A-side. The Jam were not very successful with their 1978 U.S. concerts, for some of which they were the opening act for arena-rockers Blue Öyster Cult, but they did better with their UK performances. As they went back into the studio to record a third album of primarily Foxton contributions, the songs were dismissed by producers as poor and held off recording an album in hopes that Weller would once again find inspiration. Image File history File links NME_TheJam. ... Image File history File links NME_TheJam. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Blue Öyster Cult is an American rock band formed in New York in 1967 and still active in 2007. ...


Returning to his hometown of Woking, Weller spent much of his time listening to albums by The Kinks and coming up with new songs. They released their next single, the double A-side "David Watts" b/w "'A' Bomb In Wardour Street". "David Watts" was a cover of the bouncy Kinks classic; Weller and Foxton traded lead vocals throughout the song. "'A' Bomb In Wardour Street" was a Weller original. One of their hardest and most tense tracks, Weller venomously spat out lines cursing the violent thugs that now plagued the punk scene over a taut two-chord figure. The single, and "'A' Bomb" in particular, was hailed as a return to form and became their most successful 7" since "All Around the World". The Kinks were an English rock group formed in 1963 by lead singer-songwriter Ray Davies, his brother, lead guitarist and vocalist Dave Davies, and bassist Pete Quaife. ... Back of single cover [[Image:|200px|Back of single cover|200px]] David Watts was the first single to be taken from the third studio album All Mod Cons by The Jam on 26th August 1978. ... The Kinks were an English rock group formed in 1963 by lead singer-songwriter Ray Davies, his brother, lead guitarist and vocalist Dave Davies, and bassist Pete Quaife. ... All Around The World was a single released by The Jam on 23rd July 1977 and reached #13 in the UK Singles Chart. ...


It wasn't until their next single, "Down in the Tube Station at Midnight", that The Jam regained their former critical acclaim. "Tube Station", in which the narrator gets beaten by thugs who "smelled of pubs and Wormwood Scrubs and too many right-wing meetings", was a story seemingly ripped from contemporary headlines of skinhead violence. Alternating quiet verses and loud choruses and propelled by Foxton's tense bassline, "Tube Station" again channels the atmosphere of fear and violence that was afflicting Britain in the late 1970s. Around this time, The Jam slimmed their team of two producers to one, Vic Coppersmith-Heaven, who helped develop the group's sound with harmonised guitars and acoustic textures. The Jam released their third LP, All Mod Cons in 1978, including three previously released tracks among the twelve in total: "David Watts", "'A' Bomb In Wardour Street", and "Down in the Tube Station at Midnight". (It also contained two songs Polydor had previously rejected for single release, the manic "Billy Hunt" and the acoustic ballad "English Rose".) Despite having only nine all-new songs, All Mod Cons is considered by many to be the band's masterpiece. Down In The Tube Station At Midnight was the second single released from the album All Mod Cons by The Jam. ... Entrance to Wormwood Scrubs prison Wormwood Scrubs is a British local prison, located on the south of Wormwood Scrubs in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. ... All Mod Cons is a 1978 album by the British post-punk/New Wave group The Jam. ...


Going Underground (1979-1981)

After the successful non-LP singles "Strange Town" and "When You're Young", the band released "The Eton Rifles" in advance of their new album. It became their most successful single to date, peaking at #3 on the UK charts, their first Top Ten hit. November of 1979 brought about Setting Sons, another massive UK hit, and their first chart position in the U.S., albeit at 137 on the Billboard 200. The album began life as a concept album about three childhood friends, though in the end many of the songs did not relate to this theme. Many of the songs had political overtones; "The Eton Rifles" was inspired by scuffles between demonstrators on a Right To Work March—a campaign initiated by the left wing Socialist Workers Party — and pupils from Eton College; "Little Boy Soldiers" was an anti-war multi-movement piece in the vein of Ray Davies. Another notable song from the album was Bruce Foxton's "Smithers-Jones," originally a b-side to "When You're Young". The song is almost unanimously considered to be his greatest contribution to The Jam; the song was given a complete makeover, including a strings arrangement, for the album release. Strange Town was released on 17th March 1979 by The Jam and reached #15 in the UK singles chart. ... When Youre Young was released as a one off single by The Jam. ... The Eton Rifles was the only single to be released from the album Setting Sons by The Jam. ... Setting Sons is the fourth album by British punk band The Jam. ... The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ... In popular music, a concept album is an album which is unified by a theme, which can be instrumental, compositional, narrative, or lyrical (Shuker 2002, p. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms that refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially but not exclusively in the American sense of the word... The Socialist Workers Party (SWP) is a political party of the far left in England It sees itself as standing in the revolutionary socialist tradition. ... The Kings College of Our Lady of Eton beside Windsor, commonly known as Eton College or just Eton, is a public school (privately funded and independent) for boys, founded in 1440 by King Henry VI. It is located in Eton, near Windsor in England, north of Windsor Castle, and... Raymond Douglas Davies, CBE (born June 21, 1944 at Fortis Green, London) is an influential English rock musician, best known as lead singer-songwriter for The Kinks - one of the most influential, prolific and long-lived British Invasion bands - which he led with his younger brother, Dave. ... When Youre Young was released as a one off single by The Jam. ...


The band's first single release of 1980 was intended to be "Dreams of Children," which combined bleak lyrics lamenting the loss of childhood optimism with hard-edged psychedelic production effects. Due to a labelling error, however, the a- and b-sides of the single were reversed, resulting in the less-adventurous "Going Underground," the single's planned flipside, getting much more airplay and attention than "Dreams of Children". As a result, only "Going Underground" was initially listed on the charts, although the single was eventually officially recognized (and listed) as a double A-side by the time the release reached #1 in the UK. When promoting the album in the United States, the group appeared on American Bandstand, performing Heatwave. Dreams Of Children is a song which is the second part of The Jams Double A-side single Going Underground, which successfully went to #1 in 1980. ... Going Underground, back of single cover Going Underground was the first British number one chart single by The Jam, released in March 1980. ...


Sound Affects was released in 1980. Paul Weller said that he conceived the album as a hybrid of The Beatles' Revolver and Michael Jackson's Off the Wall. Indeed, several of the songs recall Revolver-era swirling psychedelia, such as "Monday", "Man In The Corner Shop", and the acoustic "That's Entertainment". Weller allegedly wrote "That's Entertainment", a bitter slice-of-life piece reflecting on the struggle of the English working class, in around 15 minutes upon returning, under the influence, from the pub. Despite being only available as an import single, it peaked at #21 on the UK charts, an unprecedented feat. Although it lacks the "distinctive" Jam electric sound propelled by Rick Buckler's energetic drumming, it is now arguably The Jam's most noted song. Despite the group's lack of commercial success in America, the song even made American magazine Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest songs of all time. Sound Affects is a 1980 album by British group The Jam. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1966 U.S. LP Back cover Back cover of the original 1966 UK LP. The main photo was edited in separate parts for the booklet of the 1988 Compact Disc release. ... Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... For other uses, see Off the Wall (disambiguation). ... Thats Entertainment is a 1980 song by British punk/new wave group The Jam off their fifth album, Sound Affects. ... In 2004, Rolling Stone listed the 500 Greatest Songs of All-Time as polled by musicians, critics, and industry figures. ...


"Start!", released before the album, became another #1 single. It had a similar bass line and guitar solo to The Beatles' Revolver cut "Taxman", but arranged as an otherwise completely different song. Some contemporary American R&B influence, including Michael Jackson, show up in Buckler's driving beats that power the album (such as on "But I'm Different Now"), and most obviously in Foxton's funk-influenced bassline in "Pretty Green". The album also reveals influences of post-punk groups such as Wire, XTC, Joy Division, and Gang Of Four. The album was a #2 hit in the UK and peaked at #72 on the US Billboard charts, their most successful American album. Start! is a song by English rock band The Jam, released on their album Sound Affects and as a single with Liza Radley, both in 1980. ... For the profession, see Tax collector. ... Wire are an English rock band formed in 1976 (and intermittently active to the present) by Graham Lewis (bass, vocals), Bruce Gilbert (guitar), Colin Newman (vocals, guitar) and Robert Gotobed (né Grey) (drums). ... XTC are an influential new wave band from Swindon, England. ... This article is about the band. ... Gang of Four is an English post-punk group from Leeds. ...


The Gift and dissolution (1981-1982)

Two non-LP singles, "Funeral Pyre" and "Absolute Beginners", abandoned the psychedelic pop of Sound Affects; "Absolute Beginners" (named after a cult novel of the same title) had a more R&B-flavoured sound, and "Funeral Pyre" was influenced by New Wave music. "Funeral Pyre" is built around Buckler's drumming, and is the only song in the group's catalogue that carries a joint Buckler/Foxton/Weller writing credit, aside from the instrumental Sound Affects track "Music For The Last Couple". "Funeral Pyre" and "Music For The Last Couple" are the only songs for which Buckler receives any writing credit. Funeral Pyre was the The Jams thirteenth single released on 6th June 1981. ... Absolute Beginners was a single released by The Jam on 24th October 1981. ... Absolute Beginners is a novel by Colin MacInnes written and set in 1958 London England. ... Funeral Pyre was the The Jams thirteenth single released on 6th June 1981. ... New Wave was a pop and rock music genre that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ...


The 1982 release The Gift — the band's final LP — was a massive commercial success, peaking at #1 on the UK charts. The Gift, featured several soul, funk, and R&B-stylized songs; most notably the #1 hit "Town Called Malice," which has a Motown-style bassline somewhat reminiscent of The Supremes' "You Can't Hurry Love". The song included organ work by Carl Mclntosh, who later became well known with the R&B group Loose Ends. "Town Called Malice", another reality-based tale of trying to keep joyful in a small, downtrodden English town, is one of the few Jam songs Weller still performs at concerts (along with "That's Entertainment", "Man In The Corner Shop", and "In The Crowd"). After the sugary soul ballad "The Bitterest Pill (I Ever Had to Swallow)" peaked at #2, the band followed with another #1, "Beat Surrender". The Beat Surrender EP had success in the British charts, and both its graphic design and music resembles early Style Council releases. After a farewell tour of the UK, the band broke up. The Gift was the final studio album by The Jam. ... Featuring one of the easily-recognisable bass-lines in British music history,Town Called Malice is a song recorded by The Jam from the album The Gift. ... For other uses, see Supremes (disambiguation). ... Loose Ends can refer to: Carl McIntosh Jane Eugene Steve Nichol In The mid 80s gems like Hanging on a string and Slow Down brought Loose Ends the kind of stateside recognition Britisch soul acts dream of. ... For the 1952 song featured in musical film The Band Wagon, see Thats Entertainment! (song). ... The Bitterest Pill (I Ever Had To Swallow) was a single released by The Jam after the success of the album The Gift. ... Beat Surrender was The Jams final single released on 4th December 1982. ... The Style Council was formed by ex-Jam singer and guitarist Paul Weller with keyboardist Mick Talbot in 1983. ...


After The Jam

Weller, who felt he had done all he could with The Jam, formed The Style Council with Mick Talbot of The Merton Parkas. After they split up in 1989, Weller went on to pursue a solo career, also playing lead guitar on Oasis's song "Champagne Supernova". In 1983, Bruce Foxton was for a short time involved in a band with Jake Burns and Dolphin Taylor, which released several demos. Arista Records offered Foxton a solo deal and he signed up for a solo album, Touch Sensitive, which was released in 1984. When Ali McMordie left Stiff Little Fingers shortly before they were due to go on tour, Foxton joined the band until January 2006, when he quit to pursue other projects. The Style Council were an English musical group formed in 1983 by ex-The Jam singer and guitarist Paul Weller with keyboardist Mick Talbot. ... Mick Talbot is a keyboardist from England. ... The Merton Parkas were a Mod revival band formed in the Merton area of south London in the mid-70s by Danny Talbot (vocals & guitar), Mick Talbot (keyboards), Neil Hurrell (bass), and Simon Smith (drums). ... Oasis is World-famous English rock band, formed in Manchester in 1991, led by lead guitarist and primary songwriter Noel Gallagher and his younger brother, lead vocalist and songwriter Liam Gallagher. ... Champagne Supernova is a song by the band Oasis. ... Bruce Foxton is an English rock and roll musician born on September 1st 1955 in Woking, Surrey who is best remembered as the bass player in punk/new wave band The Jam. ... For other persons named John Burns, see John Burns (disambiguation). ... Brian Dolphin Taylor is a British drummer, born c1955 Tom Robinson Band His career started when he gave a friend a lift to audition as bass guitarist, for the Tom Robinson Band in 1976. ... For other uses, see demo. ... Arista redirects here. ... Alistair Jardine McMordie is a Belfast born (c. ... Stiff Little Fingers are a punk band from Belfast, Northern Ireland, formed in 1977. ...


A five-CD box set Direction Reaction Creation, featuring all of The Jam's studio material (plus a disc of rarities) peaked at #8 on the UK album charts upon its release in 1997; an unprecedented achievement for a box set. In 2002, Virgin Radio counted down the top 100 British music artists of all-time as polled by listeners and The Jam were #5 on the list. Weller made two other appearances in the poll; as part of The Style Council at #93 and as a solo artist at #21.[1] In a 2006 interview with BBC Radio 6 Music, Weller stated that a Jam reunion would "never, ever happen", and that reformations are "sad". He said "Me and my children would have to be destitute and starving in the gutter before I'd even consider that, and I don't think that'll happen anyway ... [the Jam's music] still means something to people and a lot of that's because we stopped at the right time, it didn't go on and become embarrassing."[4] Direction Reaction Creation is a box set by the group The Jam released in 1997. ... Virgin Radio, originally known as Virgin 1215, is a British commercial music radio station based in London which plays popular music and rock. ...


In June 2006, it was reported that Weller and Foxton met backstage at The Who's Hyde Park concert, and a ten-minute conversation ended with an embrace. Rick Buckler had not been playing for several years after The Jam quit, and he formed a band playing Jam material, The Gift. In 2006, Foxton performed on stage with Buckler at The Gift concerts in Chichester, Brighton and Birmingham, which re-kindled rumours of a full or partial reunion of The Jam in 2007, for the 30th anniversary of the band’s signing. In an official press release in 2007, Bruce Foxton and Rick Buckler announced that they were working on a new album and UK tour under the moniker "From The Jam - Bruce Foxton and Rick Buckler."[5] Foxton and Buckler enlisted David Moore and Russell Hastings for the tour. Paul Weller did not take part, and has publicly expressed his disinterest in any type of reformation.[6] Foxton and Buckler's tour sold out in ten days with an overwhelming response from Jam fans. A tour of the UK is planned again for autumn 2007, finishing with a 25th anniversary concert of The Jam's last ever show at the Brighton Centre on 21 December 2007. A From The Jam album is planned for release in 2008.[7] Bruce Foxton is an English rock and roll musician born on September 1st 1955 in Woking, Surrey who is best remembered as the bass player in punk/new wave band The Jam. ... Rick Buckler (born 6 December 1955—), was the drummer and an original member of The Jam, a British rock-band that enjoyed considerable success in the United Kingdom between 1977 and 1982. ... Paul Weller (born John William Weller May 25, 1958, in Sheerwater, near Woking, Surrey) is an English singer-songwriter. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Discography

Albums

Studio

In The City was the debut album of British Punk band The Jam. ... This Is the Modern World is the second album by British punk band The Jam. ... All Mod Cons is a 1978 album by the British post-punk/New Wave group The Jam. ... Setting Sons is the fourth album by British punk band The Jam. ... Sound Affects is a 1980 album by British group The Jam. ... The Gift was the final studio album by The Jam. ...

Live

Dig The New Breed was the final album by The Jam. ... Live Jam was a live album released in 1993 by Polydor after The Jams split in 1982. ... The Jam At The BBC is a collection of Jam tracks that were performed in session at the BBC. Track listing Disk 1 In The City Art School Ive Changed My Address The Modern World All Around The World London Girl Bricks And Mortar Carnaby Street Billy Hunt (Live...

Compilations

Snap! is an expanded re-issue of Compact Snap! by The Jam. ... Greatest Hits is a compilation from The Jam released in 1991. ... Extras is a compilation by the British group The Jam. ... The Jam Collection is a compilation by The Jam. ... Direction Reaction Creation is a box set by the group The Jam released in 1997. ... The Very Best Of The Jam is the third greatest hits package from The Jam and was released in 1997. ... The Sound of the Jam is a greatest hits album release by pop group The Jam released in 2002 featuring 26 tracks. ... Snap! is an expanded re-issue of Compact Snap! by The Jam. ...

Singles

Title Release date Album UK chart position
"In the City" 29 April 1977 In the City 40
"All Around the World" 23 July 1977 - 13
"The Modern World" 5 November 1977 This Is the Modern World 36
"News of the World" 11 March 1978 - 27
"David Watts" / "'A' Bomb In Wardour Street" (Double A-Side) 26 August 1978 All Mod Cons 25
"Down in the Tube Station at Midnight" 21 October 1978 All Mod Cons 15
"Strange Town" 17 March 1979 - 15
"When You're Young" 25 August 1979 - 17
"The Eton Rifles" 3 November 1979 Setting Sons 3
"Going Underground" / "Dreams of Children" (Double A-Side) 10 March 1980 - 1
"Start!" 11 August 1980 Sound Affects 1
"That's Entertainment" 7 February 1981 Sound Affects 21 (import)
"Funeral Pyre" 6 June 1981 - 4
"Absolute Beginners" 24 October 1981 - 4
"Town Called Malice" / "Precious" (Double A-Side) 29 January 1982 The Gift 1
"Just Who Is the 5 O'Clock Hero?" 3 July 1982 The Gift 8 (import)
"The Bitterest Pill (I Ever Had to Swallow)" 10 September 1982 - 2
"Beat Surrender" 26 November 1982 - 1

In the City, back of single cover In the City was the debut single by English mod revival/punk rock band The Jam. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... In The City was the debut album of British Punk band The Jam. ... All Around The World was a single released by The Jam on 23rd July 1977 and reached #13 in the UK Singles Chart. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... This Is The Modern World is the second album by British punk band The Jam. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... This Is the Modern World is the second album by British punk band The Jam. ... News Of The World was a single by British group The Jam released on 11th March 1978. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Back of single cover [[Image:|200px|Back of single cover|200px]] David Watts was the first single to be taken from the third studio album All Mod Cons by The Jam on 26th August 1978. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... All Mod Cons is a 1978 album by the British post-punk/New Wave group The Jam. ... Down In The Tube Station At Midnight was the second single released from the album All Mod Cons by The Jam. ... is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Strange Town was released on 17th March 1979 by The Jam and reached #15 in the UK singles chart. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... When Youre Young was released as a one off single by The Jam. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The Eton Rifles was the only single to be released from the album Setting Sons by The Jam. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Setting Sons is the fourth album by British punk band The Jam. ... Going Underground, back of single cover Going Underground was the first British number one chart single by The Jam, released in March 1980. ... Dreams Of Children is a song which is the second part of The Jams Double A-side single Going Underground, which successfully went to #1 in 1980. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Start! is a song by English rock band The Jam, released on their album Sound Affects and as a single with Liza Radley, both in 1980. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Sound Affects is a 1980 album by British group The Jam. ... For the 1952 song featured in musical film The Band Wagon, see Thats Entertainment! (song). ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Funeral Pyre was the The Jams thirteenth single released on 6th June 1981. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Absolute Beginners was a single released by The Jam on 24th October 1981. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Featuring one of the easily-recognisable bass-lines in British music history,Town Called Malice is a song recorded by The Jam from the album The Gift. ... Precious was a song composed by Paul Weller and performed by the British band The Jam. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Gift was the final studio album by The Jam. ... Just Who Is The 5 OClock Hero? was the second single to be released by The Jam from their sixth studio album The Gift. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Gift was the final studio album by The Jam. ... The Bitterest Pill (I Ever Had To Swallow) was a single released by The Jam after the success of the album The Gift. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Beat Surrender was The Jams final single released on 4th December 1982. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...

U.S. EPs

(Note: EPs are ranked on the Billboard album chart, not the singles chart.) The Bitterest Pill (I Ever Had To Swallow) Pity Poor Alfie Fever The Great Depression War Return to The Jam Category: ... // Extended play (EP) is the name typically given to vinyl records or CDs which contain more than one single but are too short to qualify as albums. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:jifixqe5ldae~T1
  2. ^ http://underground-network.de/weller.html
  3. ^ http://underground-network.de/weller.html
  4. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/4594270.stm
  5. ^ http://www.noblepr.co.uk/Press_Releases/live_nation/from_the_jam.htm
  6. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/4594270.stm
  7. ^ From The Jam 2007 tour. Noble PR (2007). Retrieved on 2007-07-30.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

World Cup Stories by Chris Hunt Chris Hunt is a magazine editor, journalist and author. ... The New Musical Express (better known as the NME) is a weekly magazine about popular music published in the UK. It is unlike many other popular music magazines due to its intended focus on guitar-based music and indie rock bands, instead of mainstream pop acts. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


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