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Encyclopedia > The Hoover Company
Hoover
Type Division
Genre Home Care
Founded 1907
Founder James Murray Spangler
Headquarters Glenwillow, Ohio
Products Vacuums, Deep Cleaners, Hard Floor Cleaners, Stick Vacs
Owner TTI Floor Care North America
Divisions VAX, Dirt Devil, Ryobi
Website http://www.hoover.com/

The Hoover Company started out as an American floor care manufacturer based in North Canton, Ohio. It also established a major base in the United Kingdom and for most of the early-and-mid-20th century, it dominated the electric vacuum cleaner industry, to the point where the "hoover" brand name became synonymous for vacuum cleaners and vacuuming in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The Hoover Company in the United States was part of the Whirlpool Corporation but sold in 2006 to Techtronic for $107 million. Hoover UK/Europe (split from Hoover U.S. in 1993) is owned and operated by the Brugherio, Italy-based Candy company. It continues to use the original Hoover logo with the slogan "Generation Future" Image File history File links Hooverlogo. ... For the gay mens lifestyle magazine, see Genre (magazine). ... For the computer game by Peter Molyneux, see The Entrepreneur. ... Glenwillow is a village in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. ... A division of a business entity is a portion of that business that operates under a different name. ... VAX is a 32-bit computing architecture that supports an orthogonal instruction set (machine language) and virtual addressing (i. ... Dirt Devil is a brand name household vacuum cleaner. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... North Canton is a city in Stark County in the U.S. state of Ohio. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Regular canister vacuum cleaner for home use. ... A genericized trademark (also known as a generic trade mark or proprietary eponym) is a trademark or brand name that has become the colloquial or generic description for (or synonymous with) a particular class of product or service. ... Whirlpool Corporation (NYSE: WHR) is the worlds leading manufacturer and marketer of major home appliances,with annual sales of approximately $18 billion, more than 73,000 employees, and more than 70 manufacturing and technology research centers around the world. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Brugherio is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Milan in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 14 km northeast of Milan. ... Candy is a company based in Italy which manufactures domestic appliances. ...


Hoover was also an iconic domestic appliance brand, particularly well known for its washing machines and tumble dryers in the UK and Ireland and, also had significant sales in many parts of Europe. Today, the Hoover Europe Brand, as part of the portfolio of brands owned by Candy Group, remains a major player in the European white goods and floor care sectors in a number of countries. Candy is a company based in Italy which manufactures domestic appliances. ...

Contents

History

Origins

The first Hoover vacuum was invented by a Canton, Ohio department store janitor named James Murray Spangler, who created a prototype vacuum cleaner using a soap box, electric motor, broom handle, and pillow case in 1907. Spangler suffered from asthma attacks, and he suspected the carpet sweeper he was using at work was the cause of his ailment. This may not be true. Regular canister vacuum cleaner for home use. ... Canton is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Stark CountyGR6. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Spangler then gave one of the vacuums to a friend, Susan Hoover, who used it at her home. Impressed with the machine, she told her husband about it. Her husband was W.H. "Boss" Hoover, a leather-goods manufacturer in North Canton, then called New Berlin. Hoover bought the patent from Spangler in 1908 and retained Spangler as a partner in the new vacuum cleaner business. North Canton is a city located in Stark County, Ohio. ... New Berlin is the name of several locations in the United States: New Berlin, Illinois New Berlin, Pennsylvania New Berlin, Texas New Berlin, Wisconsin In addition, there are two different New Berlins in the U.S. state of New York: New Berlin (town), New York New Berlin (village), New York... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Hoover then placed an ad in the Saturday Evening Post offering customers 10 days free use of his vacuum cleaner to anyone who requested it. Using a network of local retailers to facilitate the offer, Hoover thus developed a national network of retailers for the vacuums. Over time, his company's sales expanded globally, and, in British English, the word "Hoover" became a verb meaning "to vacuum a floor". There have been many publications called the Saturday Evening Post; several were/are local British newspapers. ...


Hoover's business flourished, and, a year after Hoover acquired the patent from Spangler, he established a research and development department for his new business. In 1926, Hoover invented the "beater bar"; a metal bar attached to the rotating "agitator", situated in the floor nozzle cavity of the upright vacuum cleaner. The beater bar alternated with the sweeping brushes to loosen dirt and grit trapped in carpets. This cleaning action was marketed by Hoover as "Positive Agitation", and gave rise to the famous marketing slogan: "It Beats-As It Sweeps-As It Cleans". Ten years later, in 1936, Hoover got another patent -- this time for a new self-propelling mechanism for vacuum cleaners. Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the mid 1950s Hoover introduced the Convertible (in the UK known as the "Senior", later the "Senior Ranger", and latterly, the "Senior Powerplus") that came with a new feature allowing the user to easily convert the cleaner to above floor cleaning with the hose using a converter. This, though now discontinued, is still the most popular cleaner ever sold. Hoover discontinued the Convertible in 1996, a year before the Windtunnel was first sold. However, there is a model still sold by the Commercial division, under the name of "Guardsman".


Then during the 1960s, Hoover came out with the Dial-A-Matic in the US (also known as the DAM), and then later in the UK the Convertible, the same machine as the DAM but the same name as the US cleaner. This was the first ever Clean-Air upright cleaner. The principle is similar to the flow of air through a cylinder/canister cleaner, but in an upright design. Hoover continues to market clean-air designs, but with modern improvements. The most comparable model in the modern model range, is most likely the Hoover Tempo. This cleaner, even though it had a huge advantage, did not sell as well as the Convertible, or in the U.K, the Senior. It is currently harder to find one of these than a Convertible.


In the UK, the term "hoover" has long been colloquially synonymous with vacuum cleaner, owing to the Hoover Company's dominance there in the first half of the 20th century. Although the company is no longer the top seller of vacuum cleaners in the UK, the term "hoover" has remained as a genericized trademark. A genericized trademark (also known as a generic trade mark or proprietary eponym) is a trademark or brand name that has become the colloquial or generic description for (or synonymous with) a particular class of product or service. ...


Over the years, Hoover diversified into other product lines, including kitchen appliances, hair dryers, and industrial equipment.


Ownership transitions

The Hoover plant in North Canton, Ohio.
The Hoover plant in North Canton, Ohio.

The company was owned by the Hoover family until the 1940s, when it then became a publicly traded company. The company's stock was first traded on August 6, 1943. In 1985, the company was purchased by Chicago Pacific Corporation and, in 1989, Chicago Pacific was purchased by Maytag. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 2004, Maytag announced that it would consolidate its corporate office and back office operations in Newton, Iowa and close almost all of Hoover's overlapping functions. This effectively meant that most white-collar jobs at Hoover's North Canton location would be eliminated. The company had previously closed another manufacturing facility in Jackson Township, Stark County, Ohio, and the facility was sold to a church. Like many manufacturing companies in the U.S., Hoover is facing pressures as consumers demand lower-priced goods. Hoover has operations in Mexico, where operating costs are lower than in the U.S. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jasper County Courthouse, Newton, Iowa Headquarters of the Maytag Corporation, Newton, Iowa Newton is the county seat of Jasper County, IowaGR6. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Jackson Township, Ohio is an affluent suburban/rural community between Akron and Canton. ...


After Maytag was acquired by Whirlpool in 2006, that firm reached an agreement to sell Hoover to Hong Kong, China-based firm Techtronic Industries.[1] TTI has announced its intention to close the original plant in North Canton in September 2007.


Free Flights Promotion

In 1992, the British division of Hoover announced the Hoover free flights promotion, the demand for which rose far beyond the company's expectations, resulting in major costs and public relations problems for the British division and Maytag, which eventually led to its sale to the Italian manufacturer Candy. In 1993, Sandy Jack became the first person in the United Kingdom to take Hoover to court over the Hoover free flights promotion. Upon the decision in Hoover v. Sandy Jack at Sheriff Court in Kirkcaldy, Fife, a precedent is set. Hoover Holiday Pressure Group furthered court action against Hoover at St. Helens in Merseyside. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... // History The Hoover free flights promotion was a marketing promotion in which the British division of the Hoover vacuum cleaner company promised free airplane tickets to customers who purchased more than £100 of their products. ... This article is about the defunct appliance company. ... Candy is a company based in Italy which manufactures domestic appliances. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... George Alexander Jack (1922 - 2002) better known as Sandy Jack was from Methil Fife, Scotland. ... The Sheriff Courts are the local Court system in Scotland. ... , Kirkcaldy (IPA pronunciation: ) is the largest town in Fife, Scotland. ... This article is about the area in Scotland. ... A trial at the Old Bailey in London as drawn by Thomas Rowlandson and Augustus Pugin for Ackermanns Microcosm of London (1808-11). ... Merseyside is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 1,365,900. ...


Hoover Constellation - The Canister without Wheels

Hoover is also notable for an extremely unusual vacuum cleaner, the Hoover Constellation, which is canister type but lacks wheels. Instead, the vacuum cleaner floats on its exhaust, operating as a hovercraft. Introduced in 1952, they are quite collectable today, and are easily identified by the spherical shape of the canister. Hoover later brought out a development of the Constellation design, the Celebrity. Lighter and more powerful, they were excellent cleaners and floated almost too well, skidding across the carpets behind the user! Both designs remain very interesting machines; they work well in homes of nostalgia buffs. Hoover have now relaunched the Constellation, although in the UK, it is now known as 'The Maytag Satellite'. Almost identical to the original, it has such modern refinements as a powerful 2000w motor, HEPA filtration and an air-driven turbobrush. For the band, see Hovercraft (band). ...


Products available in the USA

Note: Some model designs may be available in foreign markets, under a different brand name, i.e. not Hoover.


WindTunnel

In 1997, Hoover launched vacuums with patented WindTunnel technology that have dual air ducts that lift and trap dirt without scattering it. WindTunnel Technology is available in bagged and bagless vacuums, including the WindTunnel + Cyclonic that debuted in mid-2007. It uses cyclonic technology, lifetime belts and an automatic cord rewind. WindTunnel 2 was launched in 2006. The vacuums were created to give the consumer less maintenance on the vacuum, with self cleaning HEPA filters that are equipped only in bagless vacuums, lifetime belts, and an extra reach hose.


Note: Windtunnel Technology is also employed in certain UK Vax vacuum cleaners, notably the "Mach" Series. VAX is a 32-bit computing architecture that supports an orthogonal instruction set (machine language) and virtual addressing (i. ...


Fusion

Fusion is a line of bagless vacuums with cyclonic technology, the vacuums are sold under $150 at many retailers, The Fusion removes dirt and kills allergies layer around the home with a powerful suction. The PowerMax Fusion Vacuum debuted in early 2007 and created exclusively for HSN became one of their #1 Hoover Vacuums at the network and one of the most popular vacuum cleaners in addition to Dyson and iRobot's "Roomba". Home Shopping Network In GSM, HSN stands for Hopping Sequence Number. ... Dyson may refer to: // Charles W. Dyson (1861 – 1930), a US Navy Rear Admiral Freeman Dyson or one of his relatives: Freeman Dyson, physicist, or the Dyson sphere or Dyson series named after him; George Dyson (composer) (1883-1964), English composer, father of Freeman Dyson Esther Dyson, consultant and philosopher... This article is about the robot company. ... Robotic Floorvac redirects here. ...


Tempo

The bottom line Hoover for home customers, is a mock of the late Hoover Elite. It comes in bagless and bagged models, and is like the WindTunnel but without the WindTunnel technology.


EmPower

In 2005, Hoover introduced the Hoover EmPower. It has a "Hush mode" for quieter vacuuming and a "Power Boost" for hard-to-clean messes. It is the first Hoover vacuum with a variable power control.


SteamVac

Introduced in the early 1990s, the SteamVac shampoos carpets using a mixture of water and detergent to pick up deep down dirt in the carpet and collect it in a separate recovery tank. In 2003, Hoover developed SpinScrub brushes, which are round-shaped powered brushes that massage carpet fibers on all sides. Most original SteamVacs and high-powered SteamVacs have SpinScrub brushes.


FloorMate

Introduced in 2004, it is designed to vacuum, wash, and dry bare floors. Original models used a stationary brush, but later they had SpinScrub brushes. It has once became one of America's best-selling hard floor cleaners. Hoover recommends Old English Hard Wood Floor Cleaner & Lysol Hard Floor Cleaner designed for the FloorMate. Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon[1], Old English: ) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... Lysol may refer to: Lysol (cleaner), a trade name for household cleaners Lysol (album), a 1992 album by The Melvins Lysol (Chappelles Show), Actor muMs da Schemer played Lysol in The Mad Real World skit on Chappelles Show. ...


Hoover is a major supplier to Wal-Mart, HSN, Kohl's, & other big name retailers. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Home Shopping Network In GSM, HSN stands for Hopping Sequence Number. ... Kohls Corporation (NYSE: KSS) is an American department store chain headquartered in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin, a suburb of Milwaukee. ...


Competition

Hoover, over the past decade, has lost its dominant position in the UK and in the US and now faces strong competition from a whole array of brands. Some of those brands are Dyson, Eureka, Electrolux, Vax, Dirt Devil, Panasonic, Bissell and Kenmore (Parent company Panasonic) Dyson may refer to: // Charles W. Dyson (1861 – 1930), a US Navy Rear Admiral Freeman Dyson or one of his relatives: Freeman Dyson, physicist, or the Dyson sphere or Dyson series named after him; George Dyson (composer) (1883-1964), English composer, father of Freeman Dyson Esther Dyson, consultant and philosopher... // Eureka (or Heureka; Greek ) is a famous exclamation attributed to Archimedes, see: Eureka (word). ... This article is about the current worldwide manufacturer of Electrolux products. ... VAX is a 32-bit computing architecture that supports an orthogonal instruction set (machine language) and virtual addressing (i. ... Dirt Devil is a brand name household vacuum cleaner. ... Panasonic is an international brand name for Japanese electric products manufacturer Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ... Bissell is a surname, and may refer to Anna Bissell Claude Bissell Clayton Bissell Daniel Bissell Emily Bissell George Bissell (industrialist) George Edwin Bissell, sculptor Israel Bissell Melville R. Bissell, inventer of the carpet sweeper Mina Bissell Nicholas L. Bissell, Jr. ... Kenmore may refer to: Kenmore, Scotland. ... Panasonic is an international brand name for Japanese electric products manufacturer Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ...


See also

George Alexander Jack (1922 - 2002) better known as Sandy Jack was from Methil Fife, Scotland. ... // History The Hoover free flights promotion was a marketing promotion in which the British division of the Hoover vacuum cleaner company promised free airplane tickets to customers who purchased more than £100 of their products. ... Next big thing redirects here. ...

References

The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Construction Company.com - Historic Construction Project: Hoover Dam (2247 words)
The Hoover Dam was built by a construction company called Six Companies Inc, which was actually a consortium of several companies: Morrison-Knudsen Co., Utah Construction Co., J. Shea Co., Pacific Bridge Co., MacDonald and Kahn Ltd. and a joint venture of W. Bechtel Co., Henry J. Kaiser, and Warren Brothers.
The reason these construction companies got together was simple: no single construction company could raise the $5 million needed to secure the performance bond.
To make matters worse, Six Companies used gasoline-powered trucks in the tunnel, something that had never been done before in underground mining, so carbon monoxide was added to the heat, dust, and fumes from the blasting.
The Hoover Company - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (655 words)
The first Hoover vacuum was invented by a Canton, Ohio department store janitor named James Murray Spangler, who devised a crude vacuum cleaner using a soap box, electric motor, broom handle, and pillow case in 1907.
The company was owned by the Hoover family until the 1940s, when it then became a publicly traded company.
In 1985, the company was purchased by Chicago Pacific Corporation and, in 1989, Chicago Pacific was purchased by Maytag.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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