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Encyclopedia > The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhiker's series, from a late 1990s printing. The cover features the 42 Puzzle devised by Douglas Adams.
The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhiker's series, from a late 1990s printing. The cover features the 42 Puzzle devised by Douglas Adams.

The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is a science fiction comedy series created by Douglas Adams. Originally a radio comedy broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in 1978, it was later adapted to other formats, and over several years it gradually became an international multi-media phenomenon. Adaptations have included stage shows, a series of five books first published between 1979 and 1992 (the first of which was titled The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy), a 1981 TV series, a 1984 computer game, and three series of three-part comic book adaptations of the first three novels published by DC Comics between 1993 and 1996. There were also two series of towels, produced by Beer-Davies, that are considered by some fans to be an "official version" of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, as they include text from the first novel.[1][2] A Hollywood-funded film version, produced and filmed in the UK, was released in April 2005, and adaptations of the last three books to radio were broadcast from 2004 to 2005. Many of these adaptations, including the novels, the TV series, the computer game, and the earliest drafts of the Hollywood film's screenplay, were all done by Adams himself, and some of the stage shows introduced new material written by Adams. File links The following pages link to this file: The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy (book) ... The cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, from a late 1990s US printing. ... Spoiler warning: The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared on pages 80 and 81 of The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The 42 Puzzle is a game devised by Douglas Adams in 1994 for his popular The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series. ... Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician. ... Comic science fiction is a sub-genre of science fiction that exploits the genres conventions for comic effect. ... Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician. ... The cover of the booklet included with the Collectors Edition CD set release of the first two Hitchhikers radio series. ... old Radio 4 logo BBC Radio 4 is a UK domestic radio station which broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy,[1] was a BBC television adaptation of Douglas Adamss The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy broadcast in January and February 1981 on BBC Two. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is an interactive fiction computer game based on the seminal comic science fiction series of the same name. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is a science fiction comedy film based on the book of the same name by Douglas Adams. ... The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ...


The title The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy[3] is often abbreviated "HHGTTG" (as used on fan websites) or "H2G2" (first used by Neil Gaiman as a chapter title in Don't Panic and later by the online guide run by the BBC). The series is also often referred to as "The Hitchhiker's Guide", "Hitchhiker's", or simply "[The] Guide." This title can refer to any of the various incarnations of the story of which the books are the most widely distributed, having been translated into more than 30 languages by 2005.[4] The title can also refer to the fictional guidebook The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, an eccentric electronic encyclopedia that features in the series. Neil Richard Gaiman () (born November 10, 1960) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... H2G2 is also an acronym for the The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Some fictional universes feature useful guidebooks which assist the hero and friends through difficult situations. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy as depicted in the 2005 film adaptation. ... “Cyclopedia” redirects here. ...


Although the various versions follow the same basic plot, they are in many places mutually contradictory, as Adams rewrote the story substantially for each new adaptation. In all versions, the series follows the adventures of Arthur Dent, a hapless Englishman who, with his friend Ford Prefect, an alien from a small planet somewhere in the vicinity of Betelgeuse and researcher for the eponymous guidebook, escapes the demolition of Earth by a bureaucratic alien race called the Vogons. Zaphod Beeblebrox, Ford's semi-cousin and part-time Galactic President, unknowingly saves the pair from certain death. He brings them aboard his stolen spaceship, the Heart of Gold, whose crew rounds out the main cast of characters: Marvin, the Paranoid Android, a depressed robot, and Trillian, formerly known as Tricia McMillan, a woman Arthur once met at a party who he soon realises is the only other survivor of Earth's destruction. After this, the characters embark on a quest to find the legendary planet of Magrathea and the Question to the Ultimate Answer. Information Species Human Gender Male Age 30 (approx. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... Mos Def as Ford Prefect (left), along with Martin Freeman as Arthur Dent (right), from the 2005 film adaptation. ... “Green people” redirects here. ... This article is about the star. ... An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, who has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery, or other item. ... This is a list of races, fauna and flora featured in various incarnations of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Mark Wing-Davey as Zaphod Beeblebrox, from the TV adaptation. ... Heart of Gold is a fictional spaceship in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams. ... Information Species Android Gender Male Age Thirty-seven times older than the Universe itself Occupation Servant Created by Douglas Adams In the BBC TV series, the marketing division of the Sirius Cybernetics Corporation defines a robot [like Marvin] as Your plastic pal whos fun to be with. Marvins... Clinical depression (also called major depressive disorder, or unipolar depression when compared to bipolar disorder) is a state of intense sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ... For other uses, see robot (disambiguation). ... Zooey Deschanel as Trillian from the film adaptation. ... This is a list of places featured in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The Ultimate Answer to Life, The Universe, and Everything The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared in The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything has a numeric solution in Douglas Adams series The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ...

Contents

Origin of The Guide

The first radio series comes from a proposal called 'The Ends of the Earth': six self-contained episodes, all ending with the Earth being destroyed in a different way. While writing the first episode, Adams realised that he needed someone on the planet who was an alien to provide some context, and that this alien needed a reason to be there. Adams finally settled on making the alien a roving researcher for a "wholly remarkable book" named The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. As the first radio episode's writing progressed, the Guide became the centre of his story, and he decided to focus the series on it, with the destruction of Earth being the only hold-over.[5]


Adams claimed that the title came from a 1971 incident while he was hitch-hiking around Europe as a young man with a copy of the Hitch-hiker's Guide to Europe book, and while lying drunk in a field in Innsbruck with a copy of the book and looking up at the stars, thought it would be a good idea for someone to write a hitchhiker's guide to the galaxy as well. However, he later claimed that he had told this story so many times that he had forgotten the incident itself, and only remembered himself telling the story. His friends are quoted as saying that Adams mentioned the idea of "hitch-hiking around the galaxy" to them while on holiday in Greece, in 1973.[6] Hitchhiking (also called lifting or thumbing) is a form of transport, in which the traveller tries to get a lift (ride) from another traveller, usually a car or truck driver. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Hitch-hikers Guide to Europe (ISBN 0-8128-1446-0) was a guide book, copyright 1971 by Ken Welsh and first published that year in the UK by Pan Books. ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ...


Adams's fictional Guide is an electronic guidebook to the Milky Way galaxy, originally published by Megadodo Publications, one of the great publishing houses of Ursa Minor Beta. The narrative of the various versions of the story are frequently punctuated with excerpts from the Guide. The voice of the Guide (Peter Jones in the first two radio series and TV versions, later William Franklyn in the third, fourth and fifth radio series, and Stephen Fry in the movie version), also provides general narration. For other uses, see Milky Way (disambiguation). ... Original publishers of that wholly remarkable book, The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, the company was headquartered in Ursa Minor, until the offices were abducted by a squadron of Frogstar fighters and brought to the Frogstar, in an attempt to capture and discipline rogue galactic president Zaphod Beeblebrox. ... This is a list of places featured in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Peter Jones (12 June 1920 – 10 April 2000) was an English actor, playwright and broadcaster. ... William Leo Franklyn (22 September 1925 – 31 October 2006) was a British actor, perhaps best known for voicing the Schhh. ... Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, novelist, filmmaker and television personality. ...


Original radio series

See also: The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (radio series) and The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Primary and Secondary Phases

The first radio series of six episodes (called "Fits" after the names of the sections of Lewis Carroll's nonsense poem The Hunting of the Snark)[7] was broadcast in 1978 on BBC Radio 4. Despite a low-key launch of the series (the first episode was broadcast at 10:30 p.m. on Wednesday, 8 March 1978), it received generally good reviews and a tremendous audience reaction for radio.[8] A one-off episode (a "Christmas special") was broadcast later in the year. The BBC was in the practice, at the time, of commissioning "Christmas Special" episodes for popular radio series, and while an early draft of this episode of The Hitchhiker's Guide had a Christmas-related plotline, it was decided to be "in slightly poor taste" and the episode as transmitted served as a bridge between the two series.[9] This episode was released as part of the second radio series and, later, The Secondary Phase on cassettes and CDs. The Primary and Secondary Phases were aired, in a slightly edited version, in the United States on NPR Playhouse. The cover of the booklet included with the Collectors Edition CD set release of the first two Hitchhikers radio series. ... The terms Primary Phase and Secondary Phase describe the first two radio series of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The terms Primary Phase and Secondary Phase describe the first two radio series of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (IPA: ) (January 27, 1832 – January 14, 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican clergyman and photographer. ... The Bellman supporting the Banker by a finger entwined in his hair The Hunting of the Snark (An Agony in 8 Fits) is a nonsense poem written by Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson) in 1874, when he was 42 years old. ... old Radio 4 logo BBC Radio 4 is a UK domestic radio station which broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The terms Primary Phase and Secondary Phase describe the first two radio series of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... A successor to the NPR series Earplay (1971-1981) and an expansion (as a sort of umbrella title for several dramatic projects) of National Public Radios commitment to radio drama, the various series under the Playhouse aegis were essentially discontinued in September, 2002. ...


The first series was repeated twice in 1978 alone and many more times in the next few years. This led to an LP re-recording, produced independently of the BBC for sale, and a further adaptation of the series as a book. A second radio series, which consisted of a further five episodes, and bringing the total number of episodes to 12, was broadcast in 1980.


The radio series (and the LP and TV versions) greatly benefited from the narration of noted comedy actor Peter Jones as The Book. He was cast after it was decided that a "Peter-Jonesy" sort of voice was required. His sonorous, avuncular tones undoubtedly gave the series a tremendous boost and firmly established the tenor of the piece. In fiction, a narrator is a voice or character who tells the story. ...


The series was also notable for its use of sound, being the first comedy series to be produced in stereo. Adams said that he wanted the programme's production to be comparable to that of a modern rock album. Much of the programme's budget was spent on sound effects, which were largely the work of Paddy Kingsland (for the pilot episode and the complete second series) and Dick Mills and Harry Parker (for the remaining episodes (2–6) of the first series.) The fact that they were at the forefront of modern radio production in 1978 and 1980 was reflected when the three new series of Hitchhiker's became some of the first radio shows to be mixed into 4 channel dolby surround. This mix was also featured on DVD releases of the third radio series. Label for 2. ... Paddy Kingsland is a composer of electronic music best known for his incidental music for science fiction series on BBC radio and TV, including two versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy: the second radio series and the TV adaptation, as well as several serials of Doctor Who. ... Dick Mills (born 1936) is a British sound engineer and composer, specialising in electronic sound effects which he produced at the BBC Radiophonic Workshop. ... Harry Parker is the well-known head coach of the Harvard varsity rowing program (1963-present). ...


The theme tune used for the radio, television, LP and film versions is "Journey of the Sorcerer", an instrumental piece composed by Bernie Leadon and recorded by The Eagles on their album One of These Nights. Only the transmitted radio series used the original recording; a soundalike cover by Tim Souster was used for the LP and TV series, another arrangement by Joby Talbot was used for the 2005 film, and still another arrangement, this time by Philip Pope, was recorded to be released with the CDs of the last three radio series. Apparently, Adams chose this song for its futuristic sounding nature, but also for the fact that it had a banjo in it, which, as Geoffrey Perkins recalls, Adams said would give it an "on the road, hitch-hiking feel."[10] An instrumental is, in contrast to a song, a musical composition or recording without lyrics or any other sort of vocal music; all of the music is produced by musical instruments. ... Bernard Leadon (born July 19, 1947 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) is an American musician, best known as a founding member of the country rock band the Eagles. ... The Eagles are an American rock music group that originally came together in Los Angeles, California in the early 1970s. ... One of These Nights is the fourth studio album by the American rock band Eagles, released in 1975. ... Tim Souster (born 29 January 1943 in Bletchley; died 1 March 1994) was a composer best known for his electronic music. ... Joby Talbot (born 1971) is a British composer. ... Philip Pope is a British composer and actor. ... For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument of African American origin adapted from several African instruments. ... Geoffrey Perkins has been a central figure in British comedy broadcasting. ...


The twelve episodes were released on CD and cassette in 1988, becoming the first CD release in the BBC Radio Collection. They were re-released in 1992, and at this time Adams suggested that they could retitle Fits the First through Sixth as "The Primary Phase" and Fits the Seventh through Twelfth as "The Secondary Phase" instead of just "the first series" and "the second series".[11] It was about at this time that a "Tertiary Phase" was first discussed with Dirk Maggs, adapting Life, the Universe and Everything, but this series would not be recorded for another ten years.[12] A compact disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... Typical 60-minute Compact Cassette. ... The BBC Radio Collection was an imprint or record label used for audio books from the British Broadcasting Corporation. ...


Main cast:

Simon Jones as an upset Arthur Dent, watching his home being demolished in the first episode of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy BBC TV series. ... Information Species Human Gender Male Age 30 (approx. ... Geoffrey McGivern ( b. ... Mos Def as Ford Prefect (left), along with Martin Freeman as Arthur Dent (right), from the 2005 film adaptation. ... Susan Sheridan (born 1947) is a British actress most widely known for her voice work, particularly the roles of Trillian in the radio series The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy and Princess Eilonwy in the animated film The Black Cauldron. ... Zooey Deschanel as Trillian from the film adaptation. ... Son of actors Peter Davey and Anna Wing, Mark Wing-Davey studied at Cambridge University where he was a member of the Footlights from 1967 to 1970. ... Mark Wing-Davey as Zaphod Beeblebrox, from the TV adaptation. ... Stephen Moore (born December 11, 1937) is a British actor from Brixton, London. ... Information Species Android Gender Male Age Thirty-seven times older than the Universe itself Occupation Servant Created by Douglas Adams In the BBC TV series, the marketing division of the Sirius Cybernetics Corporation defines a robot [like Marvin] as Your plastic pal whos fun to be with. Marvins... Richard Vernon as Sir Desmond Glazebrook, who appears in various episodes of Yes, Minister and Yes, Prime Minister Richard Vernon (March 7, 1925 – December 4, 1997) was a British actor. ... There are many minor characters in the 5-part fictional trilogy The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... Peter Jones (12 June 1920 – 10 April 2000) was an English actor, playwright and broadcaster. ...

Books

The books are described as "a trilogy in five parts", having been described as a trilogy on the release of the third book, and then a "trilogy in four parts" on the release of the fourth book. The US edition of the fifth book was originally released with the legend "The fifth book in the increasingly inaccurately named Hitchhiker's Trilogy" on the cover. Subsequent re-releases of the other novels bore the legend "The [first, second, third, fourth] in the increasingly inaccurately named Hitchhiker's trilogy." In addition, the blurb on the fifth book humourously describes the book as "the book that gives a whole new meaning to the word 'trilogy'". A trilogy is a set of three works of art, usually literature or film, that are connected and can be seen as a single work, as well as three individual ones. ...


The plots of the television and radio series are more or less the same as that of the first two novels, though some of the events occur in a different order and many of the details are changed. Much of parts five and six of the radio series were written by John Lloyd, but his material did not make it into the other versions of the story and is not included here. Some consider the books' version of events to be definitive, because they are the most readily accessible and widely distributed version of the story. However, they are not the final version that Adams produced.


It was not truly clear that the series was over (since it was already a trilogy with five books) until Adams died of a heart attack at age 49 in 2001. Indeed, Adams said that the new novel he was working on, The Salmon of Doubt, was not working as a Dirk Gently story, and suggested it might instead become a sixth book in the Hitchhiker's series. He described Mostly Harmless in an interview as "a very bleak book" and said he "would love to finish Hitchhiker on a slightly more upbeat note". Adams also remarked that if he were to write a sixth installment, he would at least start with all the characters in the same place.[13] Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI), more commonly known as a heart attack, is a disease state that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart is interrupted. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... Dirk Gently is a fictional character created by Douglas Adams and featured in the books Dirk Gentlys Holistic Detective Agency and The Long Dark Teatime of the Soul. ...


The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy

Cover of the original UK paperback edition of the novel The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
Cover of the original UK paperback edition of the novel The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.

In The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (published in 1979), the characters visit the legendary planet Magrathea, home to the now-collapsed planet building industry, and meet Slartibartfast, a planetary coastline designer who was responsible for the fjords of Norway. Through archival recordings, he relates the story of a race of hyper-intelligent pan-dimensional beings who built a computer named Deep Thought to calculate the answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything. When the answer was revealed as 42, they were told to build a more powerful computer to work out what the Ultimate Question actually was, but their plans never come to fruition. (Later on, referencing this, Adams would create a puzzle which could be approached in multiple ways, all yielding the answer 42.) Image File history File links H2G2_UK_front_cover. ... Image File history File links H2G2_UK_front_cover. ... The cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, from a late 1990s US printing. ... The cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, from a late 1990s US printing. ... There are many minor characters in the 5-part fictional trilogy The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... Lysefjorden in Norway A fjord (pronounced FEE-ord or fyord, SAMPA: [fi:3:d] or [faI3:d]; sometimes written fiord) is a glacially overdeepened valley, usually narrow and steep-sided, extending below sea level and filled with salt water. ... This article is about the machine. ... There are many minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... The Ultimate Answer to Life, The Universe, and Everything The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared in The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The Answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything has a numeric solution in Douglas Adams series The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Spoiler warning: The 42 Puzzle, as it appeared on pages 80 and 81 of The Illustrated Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy The 42 Puzzle is a game devised by Douglas Adams in 1994 for his popular The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series. ...


The computer, often mistaken for a planet (because of its size and use of biological components), was the Earth, and was destroyed by Vogons five minutes before the conclusion of its 10-million-year program. Two of the race of hyper-intelligent pan-dimensional beings, who turn out to be Trillian's mice, want to dissect Arthur's brain to help reconstruct the question, since he is the last remaining survivor from Earth at the moment when it was destroyed. Trillian is also human but had left Earth six months previously with Zaphod Beeblebrox. Our protagonists escape, setting course for "The Restaurant at the End of the Universe". The mice, in Arthur's absence, create a phony question since it is too troublesome for them to wait 10 million years again just to cash in on a lucrative deal. Their new question was "How many roads must a man walk down?" This is a list of races, fauna and flora featured in various incarnations of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... There are many minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... Blowin in the Wind is a song written by Bob Dylan, and released on his 1963 album The Freewheelin Bob Dylan. ...


The book was adapted from the first four radio episodes. It was first published in 1979, initially in paperback, by Pan Books, after BBC Publishing had turned down the offer of publishing a novelisation, an action they would later regret.[14] The book reached number one on the book charts in only its second week, and sold over 250,000 copies within three months of its release. A hardback edition was published by Harmony Books, a division of Random House in the United States in October 1980, and the 1981 US paperback edition was promoted by the give-away of 3,000 free copies in the magazine Rolling Stone to build word of mouth. To this day, it has sold over 14 million copies.[15] 1961 Pan Books edition of Ian Flemings James Bond novel Goldfinger is an example of the type of publication for which Pan Books became popular. ... // Random House is a publishing house based in New York City. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Word of mouth, is a reference to the passing of information by verbal means, especially recommendations, but also general information, in an informal, person-to-person manner. ...


A photo-illustrated edition of the first novel appeared in 1994. The cover of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, from a late 1990s US printing. ...


The Restaurant at the End of the Universe

In The Restaurant at the End of the Universe (published in 1980), Zaphod is separated from the others and finds he is part of a conspiracy to uncover who really runs the Universe. Zaphod meets Zarniwoop, a co-conspirator and editor for The Guide, who knows where to find the secret ruler. Zaphod becomes briefly reunited with the others for a trip to Milliways, the restaurant of the title. Zaphod and Ford decide to steal a ship from there, which turns out to be a stunt ship pre-programmed to plunge into a star as a special effect in a stage show. Unable to change course, the main characters get Marvin to run the teleporter they find in the ship, which is working other than having no automatic control (someone must remain behind to operate it), and Marvin seemingly sacrifices himself. Zaphod and Trillian discover that the Universe is in the safe hands of a simple man living on a remote planet in a wooden shack with his cat. The Restaurant at the End of the Universe (1980, ISBN 0345391810) is the second book in the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy comedy science fiction series by Douglas Adams. ... A cabal is a number of persons united in some close design, usually to promote their private views and interests in a church, state, or other community by intrigue. ... There are many minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... This is a list of places featured in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ...


Ford and Arthur, meanwhile, end up on a spacecraft full of the outcasts of the Golgafrinchan civilisation. The ship crashes on prehistoric Earth; Ford and Arthur are stranded, and it becomes clear that the inept Golgafrinchans are the ancestors of modern humans, having displaced the Earth's indigenous hominids. This has disrupted the Earth's programming so that when Ford and Arthur manage to extract the final readout from Arthur's subconscious mind by pulling lettered tiles from a Scrabble set, it is "What do you get if you multiply six by nine?" Arthur then comments, "I've always said there was something fundamentally wrong with the universe." This is a list of places featured in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Stonehenge, England, erected by Neolithic peoples ca. ... The verb to scrabble also means to scratch, scramble or scrape about: see Wiktionary:scrabble. ...


The book was adapted from the remaining material in the radio series — covering from the fifth episode to the twelfth episode, although the ordering was greatly changed (in particular, the events of Fit the Sixth, with Ford and Arthur being stranded on pre-historic earth, end the book, and their rescue in Fit the Seventh is deleted), and most of the Brontitall incident was omitted. Instead of the Haggunenon sequence, co-written by John Lloyd, the Disaster Area stuntship was substituted — this having first been introduced in the LP version. The terms Primary Phase and Secondary Phase describe the first two radio series of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The terms Primary Phase and Secondary Phase describe the first two radio series of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... This is a list of places featured in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... There are many minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ...


Life, the Universe and Everything

In Life, the Universe and Everything (published in 1982), Ford and Arthur travel through the space-time continuum from prehistoric Earth to Lord's Cricket Ground. There they run into Slartibartfast, who enlists their aid in preventing galactic war. Long ago, the people of Krikkit attempted to wipe out all life in the Universe, but they were stopped and imprisoned on their home planet; now they are poised to escape. With the help of Marvin, Zaphod and Trillian, our heroes prevent the destruction of life in the Universe and go their separate ways. Life, the Universe and Everything (1982, ISBN 0-345-39182-9) is the third book in the five-volume Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy science fiction series by Douglas Adams. ... The Pavilion The Grand Stand Match in progress The Media Centre at Lords Cricket Ground This memorial stone to Lord Harris is in the Harris Garden at Lords Lords Cricket Ground is a cricket ground in St Johns Wood in London, at grid reference TQ268827. ... This is a list of places featured in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ...


This was the first Hitchhiker's book originally written as a book and not adapted from radio. Its story was based on a treatment Adams had written for a Doctor Who movie,[16] with the Doctor role being split between Slartibartfast (to begin with), and later Trillian and Arthur. In 2004 it was adapted for radio as the Tertiary Phase of the radio series. For other uses, see Doctor Who (disambiguation). ... The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ...


So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish

The front cover of The Hitchhiker's Quartet, a collection of the first four books in the series, published in the United States by Harmony Books in 1986.
The front cover of The Hitchhiker's Quartet, a collection of the first four books in the series, published in the United States by Harmony Books in 1986.

In So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish (published in 1984), Arthur returns home to Earth, rather surprisingly since it was destroyed when he left. He meets and falls in love with a girl named Fenchurch, and discovers this Earth is a replacement provided by the dolphins in their Save the Humans campaign. Eventually he rejoins Ford, who claims to have saved the Universe in the meantime, to hitch-hike one last time and see God's Final Message to His Creation. Along the way, they are joined by Marvin, the Paranoid Android, who, although 37 times older than the universe itself (what with time travel and all), has just enough power left in his failing body to read the message and feel better about it all before expiring. Scan of the front cover of The Hitchhikers Quartet, a collection of the first four novels in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series, by Douglas Adams, along with the short story Young Zaphod Plays it Safe. ... Scan of the front cover of The Hitchhikers Quartet, a collection of the first four novels in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series, by Douglas Adams, along with the short story Young Zaphod Plays it Safe. ... So Long, and Thanks for All the Fish (1984, ISBN 0-345-39183-7) is the fourth book of the Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series written by Douglas Adams. ... There are many minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... Genera See article below. ... Spoiler warning: Related to The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy Gods Final Message To His Creation, written in fourty foot high flaming letters on the spine of the tallest mountain range in the whole Universe: WE APOLOGISE FOR THE INCONVENIENCE ...


This was the first Hitchhiker's novel which was not an adaptation of any previously written story or script. In 2005 it was adapted for radio as the Quandary Phase of the radio series. The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ...


Mostly Harmless

The front cover of The Ultimate Hitchhiker's Guide, a collection of all five books in the series, a leatherbound volume published in the United States by Portland House, a division of Random House, in 1997.
The front cover of The Ultimate Hitchhiker's Guide, a collection of all five books in the series, a leatherbound volume published in the United States by Portland House, a division of Random House, in 1997.

Finally, in Mostly Harmless (published in 1992), Vogons take over The Hitchhiker's Guide (under the name of InfiniDim Enterprises), to finish, once and for all, the task of obliterating the Earth. After abruptly losing Fenchurch and travelling around the galaxy despondently, Arthur's spaceship crashes on the planet Lamuella, where he settles in happily as the official sandwich-maker for a small village of simple, peaceful people. Meanwhile, Ford Prefect breaks into The Guide's offices, gets himself an infinite expense account from the computer system, and then meets The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, Mark II, an artificially intelligent, multi-dimensional guide with vast power and a hidden purpose. After he declines this dangerously powerful machine's aid (which he receives anyway), he sends it to Arthur Dent for safety ("Oh yes, whose?" — Arthur). Scan of the front cover of The Ultimate Hitchhikers Guide, a collection of all five novels in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series by Douglas Adams and the short story Young Zaphod Plays it Safe. ... Scan of the front cover of The Ultimate Hitchhikers Guide, a collection of all five novels in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series by Douglas Adams and the short story Young Zaphod Plays it Safe. ... The front cover of the US first hardcover edition of Mostly Harmless. ... This is a list of places featured in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ...


Trillian uses DNA that Arthur donated for travelling money to have a daughter, and when she goes to cover a war, she leaves her daughter Random Frequent Flyer Dent with Arthur. Random, a more-than-typically troubled teenager, steals The Guide Mark II and uses it to get to Earth. Arthur, Ford, Trillian, and Tricia McMillan (Trillian in this alternate universe) follow her to a crowded club, where an anguished Random tries to kill her father. The shot misses Arthur and kills a man (the ever-unfortunate Agrajag). Immediately afterwards, The Guide Mark II causes the removal of all possible Earths from probability. All of the main characters, save Zaphod, were on Earth at the time and are apparently killed, bringing a good deal of satisfaction to the Vogons. There are many minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... There are many minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ...


In 2005 it was adapted for radio as the Quintessential Phase of the radio series, with the final episode first transmitted on 21 June 2005. The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Other books

Douglas Adams and Geoffrey Perkins collaborated on The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: The Original Radio Scripts, first published in the United Kingdom and United States in 1985. A tenth anniversary (of the script book publication) edition was printed in 1995, and a twenty-fifth anniversary (of the first radio series broadcast) edition was printed in 2003.


A short story was also written, "Young Zaphod Plays it Safe". This story first appeared in The Utterly Utterly Merry Comic Relief Christmas Book, a special large-print compilation of different stories and pictures that raised money for the new (at the time) Comic Relief charity in the UK. It now appears in some of the omnibus editions of the trilogy, and in The Salmon of Doubt. It is almost, but not quite, entirely unrelated to the rest of the trilogy. There are two versions of this story, one of which is slightly more explicit in its already heavy-handed political commentary. Young Zaphod Plays it Safe is a short story by Douglas Adams set in his The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy universe. ... The Utterly Utterly Merry Comic Relief Christmas Book was a fundraising book issued on behalf of Comic Relief in 1986. ... Comic relief is the inclusion of a humorous character or scene or witty dialogue in an otherwise serious work, often to relieve tension. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ...


A novel, Douglas Adams's Starship Titanic written by Terry Jones, is based on Adams' computer game of the same name, which in turn is based on an idea from Life, the Universe and Everything. Starship Titanic is a computer game designed by Douglas Adams and made by The Digital Village, set in Adamss Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy universe, before the action of his five-part trilogy. It takes place on a starship of the same name (an early attempt at using... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ...


Wowbagger the Infinitely Prolonged, a character from Life, the Universe and Everything, also appears in a short story by Adams titled "The Private Life of Genghis Khan" which appears in some early editions of The Salmon of Doubt. For other uses, see Genghis Khan (disambiguation). ...


For some information on understanding the philosophy of the Guide, or Douglas Adams's influence on technology, see The Anthology at the End of the Universe, a series of essays edited by Glenn Yeffeth, published in 2005.


Michael Hanlon published The Science of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy in 2005. Topics include space tourism, parallel universes, instant translation devices and sentient computers.


Dirk Maggs, who adapted and dramatised the last three novels for radio, released a collection of their scripts in July 2005, with Maggs providing notes for each episode. This second radio script book is entitled The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Radio Scripts: The Tertiary, Quandary and Quintessential Phases. Douglas Adams gets the primary writer's credit (as he wrote the original novels), and there is a foreword by Simon Jones, introductions by Bruce Hyman and Dirk Maggs, and other introductory notes from other members of the cast. Dirk Maggs is a freelance writer and director working across all media. ... Simon Jones as an upset Arthur Dent, watching his home being demolished in the first episode of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy BBC TV series. ... Bruce Hyman is a radio and TV producer and also a barrister. ...


TV series

Opening titles from the TV series
Opening titles from the TV series

The popularity of the radio series gave rise to a six-episode television series, directed and produced by Alan J W Bell, which first aired on BBC Two in January and February of 1981. It employed many of the actors from the radio series and was based mainly on the radio versions of Fits the First through Sixth. A second series was at one point planned, with a storyline, according to Alan Bell and Mark Wing-Davey, that would have come from Adams's abandoned Doctor Who and the Krikkitmen project (instead of simply making a TV version of the second radio series). However, Adams got into disputes with the BBC (accounts differ: problems with budget, scripts, and having Alan Bell and/or Geoffrey Perkins involved are all offered as causes), and the second series was never made. The elements of the Doctor Who and the Krikketmen project instead became the third novel, Life, the Universe and Everything. Opening titles of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy BBC TV series. ... Opening titles of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy BBC TV series. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy,[1] was a BBC television adaptation of Douglas Adamss The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy broadcast in January and February 1981 on BBC Two. ... Alan J. W. Bell is a British television producer and director. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The main cast was the same as the original radio series, except for David Dixon as Ford Prefect instead of McGivern, and Sandra Dickinson as Trillian instead of Sheridan. For the founder of the USFL see David Dixon (founder of USFL). ... Sandra Dickinson (born 20 October 1948) is a American actor, born in Washington DC. She has often played the dumb blonde. ...


Other television appearances

Segments of several of the books were adapted as part of the BBC's "Big Read" survey and programme, broadcast in late 2003. The film directed by Deep Sehgal starred Sanjeev Bhaskar as Arthur Dent, alongside Stephen Hawking as Deep Thought and a host of British alternative comedians influenced by the work of Douglas Adams.[citation needed] For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Vic Chopra (Sanjeev Bhaskar) falls foul of Ash Desai (Manish Patel) Sanjeev Bhaskar OBE (born 28 June 1964 in Essex, grew up in Hounslow, West London England). ... Stephen William Hawking, CH, CBE, FRS, FRSA, (born 8 January 1942) is a British theoretical physicist. ...


Radio series three to five

On 21 June 2004, the BBC announced in a press release[17] that a new series of Hitchhiker's based on the third novel would be broadcast as part of its autumn schedule, produced by Above the Title Productions Ltd. The episodes were recorded in late 2003, but actual transmission was delayed while an agreement was reached with The Walt Disney Company over Internet re-broadcasts, as Disney had begun pre-production on the film.[18] This was followed by news that further series would be produced based on the fourth and fifth novels. These were broadcast in September and October 2004 and May and June 2005. CD releases accompanied the transmission of the final episode in each series. The terms Tertiary Phase, Quandary Phase and Quintessential Phase describe the radio adaptations of the books Life, the Universe and Everything, So Long, and Thanks For All the Fish and Mostly Harmless recorded in 2003 and 2004 by Above the Title Productions for BBC Radio 4. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Above the Title Productions is a UK radio production company, based in London and specializing in the making of drama, music, comedy and feature programmes, principally for BBC Radio. ... “Disney” redirects here. ...


The adaptation of the third novel followed the book very closely, which caused major structural issues in branching with the preceding radio series in comparison to the second novel. Because events in the second novel were written in a different order from the second radio series and several events were omitted, the two series split in completely different directions. The last two adaptations vary somewhat — some events in Mostly Harmless are now foreshadowed in the adaptation of So Long and Thanks For All The Fish, while both include some additional material that builds on incidents in the third series to tie all five (and their divergent plotlines) together, most especially including the character Zaphod more prominently in the final chapters and addressing his altered reality to include the events of the Secondary Phase. While Mostly Harmless originally contained a rather bleak ending, Dirk Maggs created a different ending for the transmitted radio version, ending it on a much more upbeat note, reuniting the cast one last time.


The core cast for the third through fifth radio series remained the same, except for the replacement of Peter Jones by William Franklyn as the Book, and Richard Vernon by Richard Griffiths as Slartibartfast, since both had died. (Homage to Jones' iconic portrayal of the Book was paid twice: the gradual shift of voices to a 'new' version in episode 13, launching the new productions, and a blend of Jones and Franklyn's voices at the end of the final episode, the first part of Maggs' alternative ending.) Sandra Dickinson, who played Trillian in the TV series, here played Tricia McMillan, an English born, American accented alternate-universe version of Trillian, while David Dixon, the television series' Ford Prefect, made a cameo appearance as the "Ecological Man". Jane Horrocks appeared in the new semi-regular role of Fenchurch, Arthur's girlfriend, and Samantha Béart joined in the final series as Arthur and Trillian's daughter, Random Dent. Also reprising their roles from the original radio series were Jonathan Pryce as Zarniwoop (here blended with a character from the final novel to become Zarniwoop Vann Harl), Rula Lenska as Lintilla and her clones (and also as the Voice of the Bird), and Roy Hudd as Milliways compere Max Quordlepleen, as well as the original radio series' announcer, John Marsh. Peter Jones (12 June 1920 – 10 April 2000) was an English actor, playwright and broadcaster. ... William Leo Franklyn (22 September 1925 – 31 October 2006) was a British actor, perhaps best known for voicing the Schhh. ... Richard Griffiths (born 31 July 1947) is a Tony award winning English actor who has appeared on stage, film and television. ... Sandra Dickinson (born 20 October 1948) is a American actor, born in Washington DC. She has often played the dumb blonde. ... For the founder of the USFL see David Dixon (founder of USFL). ... Jane Horrocks Jane Horrocks (born January 18, 1964) is an English actress and singer. ... Samantha Béart is the stage name of a British actress called Sam Burke. ... Jonathan Pryce (born June 1, 1947) is a Welsh film, television, and stage actor who has starred in such Hollywood films include Brazil, Pirates of the Caribbean, Tomorrow Never Dies and The New World. ... Rula Lenska (born Roza-Marie Leopoldyna Lubienska on 30 September 1947) is an English-born actress of Polish extraction who is best known for her television work and for her marriage to Dennis Waterman. ... Roy Hudd, OBE (b. ...


The series also featured guest appearances by such noted personalities as Joanna Lumley as the Sydney Opera House Woman, Jackie Mason as the East River Creature, Miriam Margolyes as the Smelly Photocopier Woman, BBC Radio cricket legends Henry Blofeld and Fred Trueman as themselves, June Whitfield as the Raffle Woman, Leslie Phillips as Hactar, Saeed Jaffrey as the Man on the Pole, Sir Patrick Moore as himself, and Christian Slater as Wonko the Sane. Finally, Adams himself played the role of Agrajag... a performance adapted from his book-on-tape reading of the third novel, and edited into the series he created some time after the author's death. Joanna Lumley OBE, FRGS (born 1 May 1946) is an English actress and former model who is best known for her roles in The New Avengers, Absolutely Fabulous, Sapphire and Steel and Sensitive Skin. ... Jackie Mason (born Yacov Moshe Maza on June 9, 1931, in Sheboygan, Wisconsin) is an American stand-up comedian. ... Miriam Margolyes OBE (born May 18, 1941) is a British character actress. ... Image:Blowers. ... Frederick Sewards Trueman OBE (February 6, 1931 – July 1, 2006) was a Yorkshire and England cricketer, regarded as one of the greatest fast bowlers in history. ... June Whitfield CBE 1925 in Streatham, London) is a well-known English actress. ... Leslie Samuel Phillips OBE (b. ... Saeed Jaffrey (born 8 January 1929) is an Indian actor. ... This article is about Patrick Moore, the astronomer. ... Christian Slater (born August 18, 1969) is an American actor. ...


Tertiary, Quandary and Quintessential Phase Main cast:

Simon Jones as an upset Arthur Dent, watching his home being demolished in the first episode of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy BBC TV series. ... Information Species Human Gender Male Age 30 (approx. ... Geoffrey McGivern ( b. ... Mos Def as Ford Prefect (left), along with Martin Freeman as Arthur Dent (right), from the 2005 film adaptation. ... Susan Sheridan (born 1947) is a British actress most widely known for her voice work, particularly the roles of Trillian in the radio series The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy and Princess Eilonwy in the animated film The Black Cauldron. ... Zooey Deschanel as Trillian from the film adaptation. ... Son of actors Peter Davey and Anna Wing, Mark Wing-Davey studied at Cambridge University where he was a member of the Footlights from 1967 to 1970. ... Mark Wing-Davey as Zaphod Beeblebrox, from the TV adaptation. ... Stephen Moore (born December 11, 1937) is a British actor from Brixton, London. ... Information Species Android Gender Male Age Thirty-seven times older than the Universe itself Occupation Servant Created by Douglas Adams In the BBC TV series, the marketing division of the Sirius Cybernetics Corporation defines a robot [like Marvin] as Your plastic pal whos fun to be with. Marvins... Richard Griffiths (born 31 July 1947) is a Tony award winning English actor who has appeared on stage, film and television. ... There are many minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... Sandra Dickinson (born 20 October 1948) is a American actor, born in Washington DC. She has often played the dumb blonde. ... Zooey Deschanel as Trillian from the film adaptation. ... Jane Horrocks Jane Horrocks (born January 18, 1964) is an English actress and singer. ... Rula Lenska (born Roza-Marie Leopoldyna Lubienska on 30 September 1947) is an English-born actress of Polish extraction who is best known for her television work and for her marriage to Dennis Waterman. ... Samantha Béart is the stage name of a British actress called Sam Burke. ... William Leo Franklyn (22 September 1925 – 31 October 2006) was a British actor, perhaps best known for voicing the Schhh. ...

Film

Theatrical poster for the film of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
Theatrical poster for the film of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.

After years of setbacks and renewed efforts to start production and a quarter of a century after the first book was published, the big-screen adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy was finally shot. Pre-production began in 2003, filming began on 19 April 2004 and post-production began in early September of 2004.[19] After a London premiere on 20 April 2005, it was released on 28 April in the UK and Australia, 29 April in the United States and Canada, and 29 July in South Africa. (A full list of release dates is available at the IMDb.[20]) The movie stars Martin Freeman as Arthur, Mos Def as Ford, Sam Rockwell as President of the Galaxy Zaphod Beeblebrox and Zooey Deschanel as Trillian, with Alan Rickman providing the voice of Marvin, the Paranoid Android (and Warwick Davis acting in Marvin's costume), and Stephen Fry as the voice of the Guide/Narrator. The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is a science fiction comedy film based on the book of the same name by Douglas Adams. ... Image File history File links Hitchhikers_guide_to_the_galaxy_ver2_movie_poster. ... Image File history File links Hitchhikers_guide_to_the_galaxy_ver2_movie_poster. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is a science fiction comedy film based on the book of the same name by Douglas Adams. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Martin Freeman (born September 8, 1971) is an English actor. ... Mos Def (born Dante Terrell Smith on December 11, 1973 in Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.), is an American rapper and actor. ... Sam Rockwell as Zaphod Beeblebrox in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Zooey Claire Deschanel (born January 17, 1980) is an American actress. ... Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman (born February 21, 1946) is an acclaimed, award-winning English film, television and stage actor. ... Warwick Ashley Davis (born February 3, 1970) is an English actor. ... Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, novelist, filmmaker and television personality. ...


The plot of the film adaptation of Hitchhiker's Guide differs widely from that of the radio show, book and television series. The romantic triangle between Arthur, Zaphod, and Trillian is more prominent in the plot; and visits to Vogsphere, the homeworld of the Vogons (in the books it was already abandoned), and Viltvodle VI is inserted. The film covers roughly events in the first four radio episodes, and ends with the characters en route to the Restaurant at the End of the Universe, leaving the opportunity for a sequel open. This is a list of places featured in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ...


Reactions to the film were mixed,[21] both within and outside fandom. Some fans felt essential elements of the humour and philosophy had been lost in the adaptation, and the introduction of a romantic subplot was an unnecessary Hollywoodism, whereas criticism from some reviewers held that the film had good intentions but the pacing was problematic. It is therefore considered by many that the humour and philosophy elements were purposefully slanted more towards the American market and to work within the confines of a roughly two hour film, and hence, the story was reworked by Adams as such. Commercially the film was a modest success, taking $21 million in its opening weekend in the United States, and nearly £3.3 million in its opening weekend in the United Kingdom.[22] The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... “GBP” redirects here. ...


The film was released on DVD (Region 2, PAL) in the UK on 5 September 2005. Both a standard double disc edition and a UK-exclusive numbered limited edition "Giftpack" were released on this date. The "Giftpack" edition includes a copy of the novel with a "movie tie-in" cover, and collectible prints from the film, packaged in a replica of the film's version of the Hitchhiker's Guide prop. A single disc widescreen or full-screen edition (Region 1, NTSC) were made available in the USA and Canada on 13 September 2005. Single disc releases in the Blu-ray format and UMD format for the PlayStation Portable were also released on the respective dates in these three countries. is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Blu-ray discs Blu-ray Disc is a next-generation optical disc format jointly developed by a group of leading consumer electronics and PC companies called the Blu_ray Disc Association (BDA), which succeeds the Blu_ray Disc Founders (BDF). ... A UMD The Universal Media Disc (UMD) is an optical disc medium developed by Sony for use on the PlayStation Portable. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ...


Other adaptations

The front covers of the LP record adaptations of the first radio series, as released in the UK.
The front covers of the LP record adaptations of the first radio series, as released in the UK.

Hitchhiker's has also appeared as a stage show, three LP albums with condensed (and slightly contradictory) versions of the first six radio episodes, a text-only adventure computer game, and three series of comic books (with a set of collectors' cards spun off containing art from and inspired by, the first set of comics). Image File history File links HHGG_UKLP_covers. ... Image File history File links HHGG_UKLP_covers. ...


Stage shows

There have been multiple professional and amateur stage adaptations of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. There were three early professional productions, which were staged in 1979 and 1980.[23][24]


The first of these was performed at the Institute for Contemporary Arts in London, between 1st-9 May 1979, starring Chris Langham as Arthur Dent (Langham later returned to Hitchhiker's as Prak in the final episode of 2004's Tertiary Phase). This show was adapted from the first series' scripts and was directed by Ken Campbell, who went on to perform a character in the final episode of the second radio series. The show ran 90 minutes, but had an audience limited to eighty people per night. Actors performed on a variety of ledges and platforms, and the audience was pushed around in a hovercar, 1/2000th of an inch above the floor. This was the first time that Zaphod was represented by having two actors in one large costume. The narration of "The Book" was split between two usherettes, an adaptation that has appeared in no other version of H2G2. One of these usherettes, Cindy Oswin, went on to voice Trillian for the LP adaptation. is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Christopher Langham (born 14 April 1949) is a British writer, actor, comedian and as such is most famous for playing MP Hugh Abbot in BBC Four sitcom The Thick of It and as presenter Roy Mallard in People Like Us, first on BBC Radio 4 and later on its transfer... There are many minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams. ... Kenneth Victor Campbell (born December 10, 1941 in Ilford, Essex) is a British writer, actor, director and comedian, known for his unconventional work in theatre. ...


The second stage show was performed throughout Wales between 15 January and 23 February 1980. This was a production of Clwyd Theatr Cymru, and was directed by Jonathan Petherbridge. The company performed adaptations of complete radio episodes, at times doing two episodes in a night, and at other times doing all six episodes of the first series in single three hour sessions. This adaptation was performed again at the Oxford Playhouse in December 1981, Plymouth's Theatre Royal in May/June 1982, and also at the Belgrade Theatre, Coventry in July 1983. is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Clwyd Theatr Cymru (IPA: ), known until 1998 as Theatr Clwyd, is a regional arts centre located 1 mile (2 km) from Mold, Flintshire, in north-east Wales. ... The Belgrade Theatre is a live performance venue seating 866 and situated in Coventry, England. ... For other uses, see Coventry (disambiguation). ...


The third, and least successful stage show was held at the Rainbow Theatre in London, in July 1980. This was the second production directed by Ken Campbell. The Rainbow Theatre had been adapted for stagings of rock operas in the 1970s, and both reference books mentioned in footnotes indicate that this, coupled with incidental music throughout the performance, caused some reviewers to label it as a "musical". This was the first adaptation for which Adams wrote the "Dish of the Day" sequence. The production ran for over three hours, and was widely panned for this, as well as the music, laser effects, and the acting. Despite attempts to shorten the script, and make other changes, it closed three or four weeks early (accounts differ), and lost a lot of money. Despite the bad reviews, there were at least two stand out performances: Michael Cule and David Learner both went on from this production to appearances in the TV adaptation.


Future stage production rights got tied up with the rights to make the film, though various amateur adaptations appeared worldwide at least up to 2004.


LP album adaptations

The front covers of the US cassette releases of the audio adaptations of the first radio series. These are slightly abridged versions of the original LP editions, with a couple of scenes cut for timing.
The front covers of the US cassette releases of the audio adaptations of the first radio series. These are slightly abridged versions of the original LP editions, with a couple of scenes cut for timing.

The first four radio episodes were adapted for a new double LP, also entitled The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, first by mail-order only, and later into stores. The double LP and its sequel were originally released by Original Records in the United Kingdom, in 1979 and 1980 with the catalogue numbers ORA042 and ORA054 respectively. They were first released by Hannibal Records in 1982 (as HNBL 2301 and HNBL 1307, respectively) in the United States and Canada, and later re-released in a slightly abridged edition by Simon & Schuster's Audioworks in the mid-1980s. Scans of the covers of the US cassette tape releases of the LP adaptations of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, scripts written by Douglas Adams. ... Scans of the covers of the US cassette tape releases of the LP adaptations of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, scripts written by Douglas Adams. ... Hannibal Records was a record label which was acquired by Rykodisc. ...

The script in the first double LP very closely follows the first four radio episodes, although further cuts had to be made for reasons of timing. Despite this, other lines of dialogue that were indicated as having been cut when the original scripts from the radio series were eventually published can be heard in the LP version. The Simon & Schuster cassettes omit the Veet Voojagig narration, the cheerleader's speech as Deep Thought concludes its seven-and-one-half million year programme, and a few other lines from both sides of the second LP of the set. Image File history File links Hitch_Hikers_Theme_Original_Records_Version. ...


Most of the original cast returned, except for Susan Sheridan, who was recording a voice for the character of Princess Eilonwy in The Black Cauldron for Walt Disney Pictures. Cindy Oswin voiced Trillian on all three LPs in her place. Other casting changes in the first double LP included Stephen Moore taking on the additional role of the barman, and Valentine Dyall as the voice of Deep Thought. Adams' voice can be heard making the Public Address announcements on Magrathea. Susan Sheridan (born 1947) is a British actress most widely known for her voice work, particularly the roles of Trillian in the radio series The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy and Princess Eilonwy in the animated film The Black Cauldron. ... Princess Eilonwy is a fictional character in Lloyd Alexanders The Chronicles of Prydain and Disneys 1985 animated film The Black Cauldron. ... The Black Cauldron (also known as Taran and the Magic Cauldron in some countries) is the twenty-fifth animated feature in the Disney animated features canon. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Stephen Moore (born December 11, 1937) is a British actor from Brixton, London. ... Valentine Dyall (7 May 1908–24 June 1985) was a British actor, known for many years as The Man in Black, narrator of the BBC Radio horror series Appointment With Fear. ...


Due to copyrights, the music used during the first radio series was either replaced, or in the case of the title, it was re-recorded in a new arrangement. Composer Tim Souster did both duties, and his version of the theme was the version also used for the eventual television series.[25]


The sequel LP was released, singly, as The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Part Two: The Restaurant at the End of the Universe in the UK, and simply as The Restaurant at the End of the Universe in the USA. The script here mostly follows Fit the Fifth and Fit the Sixth, but includes a song by the backup band in the restaurant ("Reg Nullify and his Cataclysmic Combo"), and changes the Haggunenon sequence to "Disaster Area".

Reg Nullify and his Cataclysmic Combo excerpt
Problems listening to the file? See media help.

Due to a misunderstanding, the second record was released before being cut down in a "final edit" that Douglas Adams and Geoffrey Perkins both had intended to make. Perkins has said, "[I]t is far too long on each side. It's just a rough cut. [...] I felt it was flabby, and I wanted to speed it up."[26] The Simon & Schuster Audioworks re-release of this LP was also abridged slightly from its original release. The scene with Ford Prefect and Hotblack Desiato's bodyguard is omitted. Image File history File links Reg_Nullify. ...


Sales for the first double-LP release were primarily through mail order. Total sales reached over 60,000 units, with half of those being mail order, and the other half through retail outlets.[27] This is in spite of the facts that Original Records' warehouse ordered and stocked more copies than they were actually selling for quite some time, and that Paul Neil Milne Johnstone complained about his name and then-current address being included in the recording.[28] This was corrected for a later pressing of the double-LP by "cut[ting] up that part of the master tape and reassembl[ing] it in the wrong order".[29] The second LP release ("Part Two") also only sold a total of 60,000 units in the UK.[30] The distribution deals for the USA and Canada with Hannibal Records and Simon and Schuster were later negotiated by Douglas Adams and his agent, Ed Victor, after gaining full rights to the recordings from Original Records, which went bankrupt.[31] As depicted by the television series. ... Ed Victor (born 1939 in the Bronx, New York City) is one of the worlds leading Literary Agents. ...


Interactive fiction and video games

Sometime between 1982 and 1984 (accounts differ) the British company Supersoft published a text-based adventure game based on the book, which was released in versions for the Commodore PET and Commodore 64. One account states that there was a dispute as to whether valid permission for publication had been granted, and following legal action the game was withdrawn and all remaining copies were destroyed. Another account states that the programmer, Bob Chappell, rewrote the game to remove all Hitchhiker's references, and republished it as "Cosmic Capers".[32] The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy is an interactive fiction computer game based on the seminal comic science fiction series of the same name. ... Supersoft was founded in England during 1978 by Peter Calver and Pearl Wellard to develop and publish microcomputer software, primarily for the Commodore PET. Originally run from the founders home in Eastcote, Middlesex the business moved to office premises in Harrow in 1981. ... This is an article about the computer and video game genre. ... The PET (Personal Electronic Transactor) was a home-/personal computer produced by Commodore starting in the late 1970s. ... C-64 redirects here. ...


Officially, the TV series was followed in 1984 by a best-selling "interactive fiction", or text-based adventure game, distributed by Infocom. It was designed by Adams and Infocom regular Steve Meretzky and was one of Infocom's most successful games. As with many Infocom games, the box contained a number of "feelies" including a "Don't panic" badge, some "pocket fluff", a pair of peril-sensitive sunglasses, an order for the destruction of the Earth, a small, clear plastic bag containing "a microscopic battle fleet" and an order for the destruction of Arthur Dent's house (signed by Adams and Meretzky). Zork I is one of the first interactive fiction games, as well as being one of the first commercially sold. ... This is an article about the computer and video game genre. ... Zork universe Zork games Zork Anthology Zork trilogy Zork I   Zork II   Zork III Beyond Zork   Zork Zero Enchanter trilogy Enchanter   Sorcerer   Spellbreaker Other games Wishbringer   Return to Zork Zork: Nemesis   Zork Grand Inquisitor Zork: The Undiscovered Underground Topics in Zork Encyclopedia Frobozzica Characters   Kings   Creatures Timeline   Magic   Calendar Zorkmid... Steve Meretzky Steven Eric Meretzky (born May 1, 1957) is an American computer game designer, with dozens of titles to his credit. ... Infocom used the term feelies to refer to the extra content included with the boxed versions of their interactive fiction computer games. ...


In September 2004 it was revived by the BBC on the Hitchhiker's section of the Radio 4 website for the initial broadcast of the Tertiary Phase, and is still available to play online.[33][34] This new version uses an original Infocom datafile with a custom-written interpreter, by Sean Sollé, and Flash programming by Shimon Young, both of whom used to work at The Digital Village (TDV). The new version includes illustrations by Rod Lord, who was head of Pearce Animation Studios in 1980, which produced the guide graphics for the TV series. On 2 March 2005 it won the Interactive BAFTA in the "best online entertainment" category. The Digital Village (TDV) was a digital media company based in Covent Garden, London WC2 in the United Kingdom. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) annually hosts the BAFTA Interactive Awards for multimedia entertainment since 1998. ...


A sequel to the original Infocom game was never made. An all new, fully graphical game, was designed and developed by a joint venture between The Digital Village and PAN Interactive (no connection to Pan Books/Pan Mcmillan).[35][36] This new game was planned and developed between 1998 and 2002, but like the sequel to the Infocom game, it also never materialised.[37] In April 2005 Starwave Mobile released two mobile games to accompany the release of the film adaptation. The first, developed by Atatio, was called "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: Vogon Planet Destructor".[38] It was a typical top-down shooter and except for the title had little to do with the actual story. The second game, developed by TKO Software, was a graphical adventure game named "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: Adventure Game".[39] Despite its name the newly designed puzzles by Sean Sollé were different from the Infocom ones, and the game followed the movie's script closely and included the new characters and places. The "Adventure Game" won the IGN's "Editors' Choice Award" on May 2005. The Digital Village (TDV) was a digital media company based in Covent Garden, London WC2 in the United Kingdom. ... Starwave was a Seattle USA based software company, funded by Paul Allen, co-founder of Microsoft. ... TKO Software is a computer game development company founded in 2002 in Santa Cruz, California, USA by Jacob Hawley and Michael Songy. ... For other uses, see IGN (disambiguation). ...


Comic books

The front cover of the DC Comics adaptation of the first book.
The front cover of the DC Comics adaptation of the first book.

In 1993, DC Comics, in conjunction with Byron Preiss Visual Publications, published a three part comic book adaptation of the novelisation of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. This was followed up with three part adaptations of The Restaurant at the End of the Universe in 1994, and Life, the Universe and Everything in 1996. There was also a series of collectors' cards with art from and inspired by the comic adaptations of the first book, and a graphic novelisation (or "collected edition") combining the three individual comic books from 1993, itself released in May 1997. Scan of the front cover of the first issue of the three part comic book adaptation of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams. ... Scan of the front cover of the first issue of the three part comic book adaptation of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Byron Preiss (born 1953 in Brooklyn, New York, died July 9, 2005 in Long Island, New York) was an American writer, editor and publisher, and founded and served as president of Byron Preiss Visual Publications which developed projects for various publishing houses, and was also the founder of ibooks. ... Life, the Universe and Everything (1982, ISBN 0-345-39182-9) is the third book in the five-volume Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy science fiction series by Douglas Adams. ...


The adaptations were scripted by John Carnell. Steve Leialoha provided the art for Hitchhiker's and the layouts for Restaurant. Shepherd Hendrix did the finished art for Restaurant. Neil Vokes and John Nyberg did the finished artwork for Life, based on breakdowns by Paris Cullins (Book 1) and Christopher Schenck (Books 2-3). The miniseries were edited by Howard Zimmerman and Ken Grobe. John Carnell (1912-1972) British science fiction editor known for editing New Worlds in 1946 then from 1949 to 1963. ... Cover for Spider-Woman #8 (November 1978). ...


"Hitch-Hikeriana"

Many merchandising and spin-off items (or "Hitch-Hikeriana") were produced in the early 1980s, including towels in different colours, all bearing the Guide entry for towels. Later runs of towels include those made for promotions by Pan Books, Touchstone Pictures/Disney for the 2005 movie, and different towels made for ZZ9 Plural Z Alpha, the official Hitchhiker's Appreciation society.[2] Other items that first appeared in the mid-1980s were t-shirts, including those made for Infocom (such as one bearing the legend "I got the Babel Fish" for successfully completing one of that game's most difficult puzzles), and a Disaster Area tour t-shirt. Other official items have included "Beeblebears" (teddy bears with an extra head and arm, named after Hitchhiker's character Zaphod Beeblebrox, sold by the official Appreciation Society), an assortment of pin-on buttons and a number of novelty singles. Many of the above items are displayed throughout the 2004 "25th Anniversary Illustrated Edition" of the novel, which used items from the personal collections of fans of the series. ZZ9 Plural Z Alpha is the official Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy Appreciation Society, and is named after the Galactic Sector ZZ9 Plural Z Alpha where Earth can be found according to the book. ...


Stephen Moore recorded two novelty singles in character as Marvin, the Paranoid Android: "Marvin"/"Metal Man" and "Reasons To Be Miserable"/"Marvin I Love You". The last song has appeared on a Dr. Demento compilation. There was also another single featuring the re-recorded "Journey of the Sorcerer" (arranged by Tim Souster) on side A with "Reg Nullify In Concert" by Reg Nullify, and "Only the End of the World Again" by Disaster Area (including Douglas Adams on bass guitar) listen . These discs have since become collector's items. Stephen Moore (born December 11, 1937) is a British actor from Brixton, London. ... Audio sample Marvin was a single released in 1981 by Marvin, the Paranoid Android. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Marvin the Paranoid Android. ... Music sample Reasons To Be Miserable (file info) Problems? See media help. ... Marvin I Love You was the other B-side of the single Reasons To Be Miserable released in 1981 by Marvin, the Paranoid Android. ... Dr. Demento (born April 2, 1941 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) is the stage name of Barret Eugene Hansen [1], who has made a successful career as a radio disc jockey specializing in novelty songs and pop music parodies. ... Image File history File links Disaster-Area---Only-The-End-Of-The-World-Again. ...


The 2005 movie also added quite a few collectibles, mostly through the National Entertainment Collectibles Association. These included three prop replicas of objects seen on the Vogon ship and homeworld (a mug, a pen and a stapler), sets of "action figures" with a height of either 3 or 6 inches, a gun, based on a prop used by Marvin, the Paranoid Android that shoots foam darts, a crystal cube, shot glasses, a ten inch high version of Marvin with eyes that light up green, and "yarn doll" versions of Arthur Dent, Ford Prefect, Trillian, Marvin and Zaphod Beeblebrox. Also, various audio tracks were released to coincide with the movie, notably re-recordings of "Marvin" and "Reasons To Be Miserable", sung by Stephen Fry, along with some of the "Guide Entries", newly written material read in-character by Fry. The National Entertainment Collectibles Association or NECA is an American manufacturer of collectibles typically licensed from films, sports, music, and television based in New Jersey. ... Zarbon action figure of from Dragon Ball Z made by Bandai An action figure is a posable plastic figurine of a character, often from a movie, video game, or television program. ... Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, novelist, filmmaker and television personality. ... The Guide Entries are four sound recordings available on the iTunes Music Store, read by Stephen Fry, and written by Fry and Joby Taylor (with the exception of the How to be Cool entry, which was also co-written by Tim Browse). ...


The origin of the towel joke

The full version of this story was first found in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: The Original Radio Scripts and reprised in The Salmon of Doubt, but the short version is as follows: Adams had gone on holiday in Greece, but every time he had decided to go to the beach with his fellows, he discovered that his towel would disappear, and could be found only after hours of searching. The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ...


After the holiday had ended, he decided that anyone who really had their life in order would "know where his towel is". He had no idea that this towel joke, which first appeared in the seventh radio episode, and subsequently in the first book, would catch on so brilliantly.


He assumed, after learning that so many people liked and understood the joke, that he was not the only one with such an experience. After his death, Towel Day was established on May 25 as a tribute. Towel Day 2005, Innsbruck, Austria, where, by his own accounts, Adams got the inspiration to write the Guide. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Cultural references

References to the series can be seen on websites, within TV and radio programmes, songs, and in console and computer games. Examples include borrowing Adams's characters' names, or references to the number 42, or other catchphrases, or even reusing "The Hitchhiker's Guide to ..." to title other books and articles (which Adams himself had borrowed from Ken Welsh's Hitch-hiker's Guide to Europe). Hitchhiker's references have also appeared in several series and episodes of another famous British science fiction series with which Adams was once affiliated: Doctor Who. The online Babel Fish translation service was also named in honour of a fictional creature that Adams created for the Hitchhiker's series. The 1980's British Pop band Level 42 attribute their name to the ultimate answer, while the rock group Radiohead named a hit single after Marvin the paranoid android. The instant message program, Trillian, is also named after a lead Hitchhiker's character. Internet search engine Google pays tribute by offering "42" as the answer to the search criteria "What is the answer to life the universe and everything." The Hitch-hikers Guide to Europe (ISBN 0-8128-1446-0) was a guide book, copyright 1971 by Ken Welsh and first published that year in the UK by Pan Books. ... For other uses, see Doctor Who (disambiguation). ... // Babel Fish is a web-based application developed by AltaVista (now part of Yahoo!) which machine translates text or web pages from one of several languages into another. ... Level 42 is a popular British pop and funk band. ... Radiohead are an English rock band that formed in Oxfordshire in 1986. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Trillian is a multiprotocol instant messaging application for Windows created by Cerulean Studios that can connect to multiple IM services, such as AIM, ICQ, Windows Live Messenger, Yahoo! Messenger, IRC, Novell GroupWise Messenger, Bonjour, Jabber, and Skype networks (the latter four with Trillian Pro which allows for additional plugins). ...


International phenomenon

Many science fiction fans and radio listeners outside the United Kingdom were first exposed to The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy in one of two ways: shortwave radio broadcasts of the original radio series, or by Douglas Adams being "Guest of Honour" at the 1979 World Science Fiction Convention, Seacon, held in Brighton, England, UK. It was there that the radio series was nominated for a Hugo Award (the first radio series to receive a nomination) but lost to Superman. A convention exclusively for H2G2, Hitchercon I, was held in Glasgow, Scotland, UK, in September 1980, the year that the official fan club, ZZ9 Plural Z Alpha, was organised. In the early 1980s, versions of H2G2 became available in the United States, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Sweden and Finland. The cover of the 2005 Romanian translation of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... It has been suggested that World Science Fiction Society be merged into this article or section. ... The 2005 Hugo Award with base designed by Deb Kosiba. ... For the franchise, see Superman film series. ... ZZ9 Plural Z Alpha is the official Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy Appreciation Society, and is named after the Galactic Sector ZZ9 Plural Z Alpha where Earth can be found according to the book. ...


During the 1990s, as Hitchhiker's fans appeared on the Internet, many took notice first of Douglas Adams's USENET newsgroup, and then his website. After the latter was closed following Adams's death, many fan websites and forums appeared on the World Wide Web to provide fans with another discussion venue.


Notes

  1. ^ Gaiman, Neil (2003). Don't Panic: Douglas Adams and the "Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy". Titan Books, Pages 144–145. ISBN 1-84023-742-2. 
  2. ^ a b A wiki devoted to the history of H2G2 themed towels.
  3. ^ The spelling of Hitchhiker's Guide has varied in different editions. For consistency this article always spells it this way. See Spelling of Hitchhiker's Guide.
  4. ^ Simpson, M. J. (2005). The Pocket Essential Hitchhiker's Guide, Second Edition, Pocket Essentials, Page 120. ISBN 1-904048-46-3. 
  5. ^ Webb, Nick (2005). Wish You Were Here: The Official Biography of Douglas Adams, First US hardcover edition, Ballantine Books, Page 100. ISBN 0-345-47650-6. 
  6. ^ Simpson, M. J. (2003). Hitchhiker: A Biography of Douglas Adams, First US Edition, Justin Charles & Co., Page 340. ISBN 1-932112-17-0. 
  7. ^ Merriam-Webster Online definition of 'fit'.
  8. ^ Simpson, M. J. (2005). The Pocket Essential Hitchhiker's Guide, Second Edition, Pocket Essentials, Page 33. ISBN 1-904048-46-3. 
  9. ^ Adams, Douglas (2003). in Geoffrey Perkins (ed.), additional Material by M. J. Simpson.: The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: The Original Radio Scripts, 25th Anniversary Edition, Pan Books, Page 147. ISBN 0-330-41957-9. 
  10. ^ Ibid. Page 32.
  11. ^ Ibid. Page 253.
  12. ^ Adams, Douglas. (2005). in Dirk Maggs, dramatisations and editor.: The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy Radio Scripts: The Tertiary, Quandary and Quintessential Phases. Pan Books, Page xiv. ISBN 0-330-43510-8. 
  13. ^ Adams, Douglas (2002). in Peter Guzzardi (ed.): The Salmon of Doubt: Hitchhiking the Galaxy One Last Time, First UK Edition, Macmillan, Page 198. ISBN 0-333-76657-1. 
  14. ^ Simpson, M. J. (2003). Hitchhiker: A Biography of Douglas Adams, First US Edition, Justin Charles & Co., Page 131. ISBN 1-932112-17-0. 
  15. ^ Review of Neil Gaiman's Don't Panic
  16. ^ Gaiman, Appendix V: Doctor Who and the Krikkitmen
  17. ^ BBC Press Office release, announcing a new series (the third) to be transmitted on BBC Radio 4 beginning in September 2004.
  18. ^ Webb, page 324.
  19. ^ Stamp, Robbie, editor (2005). The Making of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: The Filming of the Douglas Adams Classic. Boxtree, Page 12. ISBN 0-7522-2585-5. 
  20. ^ IMDb page for the release dates of the movie adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
  21. ^ Various reviews, by critics and fans, of the movie adaptation of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy at rottentomatoes.com.
  22. ^ Box office data page, including opening weekends for the US and UK releases of the 2005 movie.
  23. ^ Gaiman, pages 61–66.
  24. ^ Simpson, M. J. (2005). The Pocket Essential Hitchhiker's Guide, Second Edition, Pocket Essentials, Pages 48–57. ISBN 1-904048-46-3. 
  25. ^ Simpson, MJ, Hitchhiker, page 143
  26. ^ Gaiman, Pages 72–73.
  27. ^ Simpson, M. J. (2003). Hitchhiker: A Biography of Douglas Adams, First US Edition, Justin Charles & Co., Page 145. ISBN 1-932112-17-0. 
  28. ^ Ibid. Page 144.
  29. ^ Simpson, M. J. (2005). The Pocket Essential Hitchhiker's Guide, Second Edition, Pocket Essentials, Page 76. ISBN 1-904048-46-3. 
  30. ^ Simpson, M. J. (2003). Hitchhiker: A Biography of Douglas Adams, First US Edition, Justin Charles & Co., Page 145. ISBN 1-932112-17-0. 
  31. ^ Ibid. Page 148.
  32. ^ Design Manual for the Interactive Fiction language Inform. Accessed 2 August 2006. See also their works cited under "Hitchhiker-64".
  33. ^ BBC Radio 4's Hitchhiker's Guide homepage.
  34. ^ New online version of the 1984 Hitchhiker's Guide computer game, by Steve Meretzky and Douglas Adams.
  35. ^ In late 2000 the TDV/Pan venture was spun off as a separate company, Phase 3 Studios
  36. ^ 1999 TDV Press Release about the graphical Hitchhiker's Guide game.
  37. ^ Internet Archive Wayback Machine copy of information about the aborted Hitchhiker's Guide graphical PC game, originally posted on MJ Simpson's PlanetMagrathea.com site
  38. ^ Webpage about the "Vogon Planet Destructor" game hosted at ign.com.
  39. ^ Webpage about The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: Adventure Game hosted at ign.com.

Neil Richard Gaiman () (born November 10, 1960) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... A disclaimer on the spelling of Hitchhikers Guide. ... Nick Webb (born 1959) is a publisher and author. ... Dirk Maggs is a freelance writer and director working across all media. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... Neil Richard Gaiman () (born November 10, 1960) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... Robbie Stamp was born in 1960 and had his career in producing television documentaries when he met Douglas Adams, with whom he formed a great friendship. ... Zork I is one of the first interactive fiction games, as well as being one of the first commercially sold. ... Inform is a programming language and design system for interactive fiction originally created in 1993 by Graham Nelson. ...

See also

Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician. ... This is a list of races, fauna and flora featured in various incarnations of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... Dirk Gently is a fictional character created by Douglas Adams and featured in the books Dirk Gentlys Holistic Detective Agency and The Long Dark Teatime of the Soul. ... This timeline shows the dates (and order of release) of all of the various media relating to Douglas Adams The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy series. ... The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy has appeared in nine different versions since its original radio series in 1978. ... // Covering Radio/TV Episodes 1-6, and their equivalents. ... For other uses, see Hitch hike. ... Towel Day 2005, Innsbruck, Austria, where, by his own accounts, Adams got the inspiration to write the Guide. ... This is a partial list of television series that include episodes about time travel. ...

References

  • Adams, Douglas (2002). in Peter Guzzardi (ed.): The Salmon of Doubt: Hitchhiking the Galaxy One Last Time, First UK Edition, Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-76657-1. 
  • Adams, Douglas. (2003). in Geoffrey Perkins (ed.), additional Material by M. J. Simpson.: The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: The Original Radio Scripts, 25th Anniversary Edition, Pan Books. ISBN 0-330-41957-9. 
  • Gaiman, Neil (2003). Don't Panic: Douglas Adams and the "Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy". Titan Books. ISBN 1-84023-742-2. 
  • Simpson, M. J. (2003). Hitchhiker: A Biography of Douglas Adams, First US Edition, Justin Charles & Co.. ISBN 1-932112-17-0. 
  • Simpson, M. J. (2005). The Pocket Essential Hitchhiker's Guide, Second Edition, Pocket Essentials. ISBN 1-904048-46-3. 
  • Stamp, Robbie, editor (2005). The Making of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: The Filming of the Douglas Adams Classic. Boxtree. ISBN 0-7522-2585-5. 
  • Webb, Nick (2005). Wish You Were Here: The Official Biography of Douglas Adams, First US hardcover edition, Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-47650-6. 

Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician. ... The front cover of the UK first hardcover edition of The Salmon of Doubt. ... Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician. ... Geoffrey Perkins has been a central figure in British comedy broadcasting. ... Neil Richard Gaiman () (born November 10, 1960) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... Robbie Stamp was born in 1960 and had his career in producing television documentaries when he met Douglas Adams, with whom he formed a great friendship. ... Nick Webb (born 1959) is a publisher and author. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
The Ultra-Complete Index to the Hitch Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ...

Official sites


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MyMovies.net - News - Hitchhikers' Guide To The Galaxy, The (1467 words)
Sci–fi legend Douglas Adams must be beaming wherever he is because the movie of his iconic creation "The Hitchhiker‘s Guide to the Galaxy" has proved a hit with the UK public.
Stephen Fry is to voice ‘The Guide‘ in the upcoming "The Hitchhiker‘s Guide To The Galaxy" movie – and he‘s obviously thrilled at winning the part.
Although Douglas Adams – the writer of the cult "The Hitchhikers Guide To The Galaxy" radio show & novels – passed away last year, it seems his dream of bringing his creation to the silver screen is still alive and well.
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