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Encyclopedia > The History Boys
The History Boys
Written by Alan Bennett
Characters Hector (Richard Griffiths), Irwin (Stephen Campbell-Moore), Mrs Lintott (Frances de la Tour)
Country of origin Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom
Original language English

The History Boys is a six-time Tony Award winning play (and later movie) by English playwright Alan Bennett. Published by Faber/Profile Books in 2005 Alan Bennett (born May 9, 1934) is an English author and actor noted for his work, his boyish appearance and his sonorous Yorkshire accent. ... Richard Griffiths (born 31 July 1947) is a Tony award winning English actor who has appeared on stage, film and television. ... Frances de la Tour (born July 30, 1944) is a British actress best known for her role in the 1970s British sitcom, Rising Damp, and renowned for her critically acclaimed stage performances, notably in Tennessee Williams play Small Craft Warnings in Londons West End in 1973. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Published by Faber/Profile Books in 2005 Alan Bennett (born May 9, 1934) is an English author and actor noted for his work, his boyish appearance and his sonorous Yorkshire accent. ...

Contents

Plot summary

The action of the play takes place in Cutlers' Grammar School, Sheffield, a fictional boys' grammar school in the north of England. Set in the 1980s, the piece follows a group of history pupils preparing for the Oxbridge entrance examinations under the guidance of two teachers (Irwin and Hector) with contrasting styles. Grammar school can refer to various types of schools in different English-speaking countries. ... Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. ... Grammar school can refer to various types of schools in different English-speaking countries. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... The title page to The Historians History of the World. ... Oxbridge is a name used to refer to the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the two oldest in the United Kingdom and the English-speaking world. ...


Irwin teaches the essay style of brisk generalities flavoured with sufficient facts and quotations to engage the examiner's interest and disguise the boys' ignorance in the hope of programming them for success. This method was one of 'false pretences', that Bennett felt he had had to teach himself in order to succeed in examinations, one academic pursuit with which he constantly had trouble. Hector however wishes to teach knowledge as it is and believes that such contrived methods are practically indecent.


The play blends both comedy and tragedy, with multiple layers and themes, including growing up, the wider purpose of education in adult life, pederasty, teaching methods, homosexuality, and the English education system. The term pederasty or paederasty embraces a wide range of erotic practices between adult and adolescents, generally between males. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Education in England is the responsibility of Department for Education and Skills at national level and, in the case of publicly funded compulsory education, of Local Education Authorities. ...


Indeed the role of Posner with his hopeless attraction to Dakin, fondness of Hector's teaching methods and late development into adulthood represents deep autobiographical details of Bennett's life. The play also takes much influence from director Nicholas Hytner's time at Manchester Grammar School and indeed that institution is referenced in the play. Nicholas Hytner (born May 7, 1956) is an award-winning British theatrical and opera producer and director. ... The Manchester Grammar School (MGS) is an independent boys school (ages 11-18) in Fallowfield, Manchester, England. ...


Cast

Richard Griffiths (born 31 July 1947) is a Tony award winning English actor who has appeared on stage, film and television. ... Clive Merrison (born 15 September 1945) is an English actor of film, television, stage, and radio. ... Stephen Campbell Moore (born Stephen Thorpe) is an English actor. ... Frances de la Tour (born July 30, 1944) is a British actress best known for her role in the 1970s British sitcom, Rising Damp, and renowned for her critically acclaimed stage performances, notably in Tennessee Williams play Small Craft Warnings in Londons West End in 1973. ... Samuel Anderson (1773 - 1846) was a Adams member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. ... Samuel Barnett is an English actor. ... Dominic Cooper (born June 2, 1978) is an English actor who has performed on stage, film, television and radio. ... James Corden is an English actor who has performed on stage, film, television and radio. ... Sacha Dhawan is an English actor. ... Knott in The Secret Garden1993 Andrew Knott (born on 22 November 1979) is a British actor. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... Russell Tovey (born 14 November 1981 in Essex, England[1]) is an English actor. ...

Productions

The play opened at the Lyttelton Theatre (part of the National Theatre) in London on 18 May 2004, and, following its sell-out opening run, the production was revived in 2005 prior to a national tour in the United Kingdom. A film with the entire original cast was made in the summer of 2005. The play toured to Hong Kong in February 2006 and featured in the 2006 New Zealand International Arts Festival held in Wellington (February 2006) before playing at the Sydney Theatre in Sydney, Australia from March 4 to April 8, 2006. It opened at the Broadhurst Theatre on Broadway on April 23, 2006 with the original London cast. Another UK tour started on the 31 August 2006 at the Birmingham Rep before transferring to Wyndham's Theatre in December of 2006. The Royal National Theatre from Waterloo Bridge The Royal National Theatre is a building complex and theatre company located on the South Bank in London, England immediately east of the southern end of Waterloo Bridge. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of 4,119,190, and 151,920 in the City of Sydney, as of the 2006 census. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Broadhurst Theatre, 2006. ... Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Birmingham Rep (formerly Birmingham Repertory Theatre) is a theatre in Birmingham, England. ... Wyndhams Theatre Wyndhams Theatre is a West End theatre, one of two opened by the actor/manager Charles Wyndham (cp Criterion Theatre). ...


The original London production won three 2005 Olivier Awards, for Best New Play, Best Actor (Richard Griffiths), and Best Direction (Nicholas Hytner). Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Laurence Olivier Awards, previously known as The Society of West End Theatre Awards, were renamed in honour of British actor Laurence Olivier, Baron Olivier in 1984, having first been established in 1976. ... Richard Griffiths (born 31 July 1947) is a Tony award winning English actor who has appeared on stage, film and television. ... Nicholas Hytner (born May 7, 1956) is an award-winning British theatrical and opera producer and director. ...


The New York production won five Drama Desk Awards, for Outstanding New Play, Outstanding Actor in a Play (Richard Griffiths), Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play (Samuel Barnett), Outstanding Featured Actress in a Play (Frances de la Tour) and Outstanding Direction of a Play (Nicholas Hytner). It also won four 2006 Outer Critics Circle Awards, for Outstanding Broadway Play, Outstanding Direction of a Play, and Outstanding Featured Actor and "Featured Actress in a Play" for Griffiths and de la Tour. Created in 1955, the Drama Desk Award was created to recognize Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway shows in addition to Broadway shows. ... Samuel Barnett is an English actor. ... Frances de la Tour (born July 30, 1944) is a British actress best known for her role in the 1970s British sitcom, Rising Damp, and renowned for her critically acclaimed stage performances, notably in Tennessee Williams play Small Craft Warnings in Londons West End in 1973. ... Begun during the 1949-1950 theater season, the Outer Critics Circle Awards are presented annually for theatrical achievements both on and Off-Broadway. ...


The History Boys also was nominated for seven Tony Awards, of which it won a record six: Best Play, Best Director of a Play, Best Featured Actress for de la Tour, Best Actor for Griffiths, Best Set Design of a Play, and Best Lighting Design of a Play [1]. Barnett was nominated for an award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a play. What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ...


A film version of the play was released in October 2006 in the United Kingdom and November 2006 in the USA. It was directed by Hytner and featured the original stage cast. Alan Bennett discussed the film's themes and its reception in an interviewwith stv on the week before its release. The History Boys is a British film released in October 2006. ...


A production of the play is currently in season with the Melbourne Theatre Company in Australia. It has received generally good reviews[citation needed]. The Melbourne Theatre Company, which is the oldest professional theatre in Australia, known popularly as MTC, is based in the Ferrars Street complex in Southbank, Victoria, which serves as its administrative, costuming and rehearsal base. ...


Tony Award history

Awards won

  • Tony Award
    • 2006, Best Play
    • 2006, Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play: Richard Griffiths
    • 2006, Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play: Frances de la Tour
    • 2006, Best Direction of a Play: Nicholas Hytner
    • 2006, Best Scenic Design of a Play: Bob Crowley
    • 2006, Best Lighting Design of a Play: Mark Henderson

Richard Griffiths (born 31 July 1947) is a Tony award winning English actor who has appeared on stage, film and television. ... Frances de la Tour (born July 30, 1944) is a British actress best known for her role in the 1970s British sitcom, Rising Damp, and renowned for her critically acclaimed stage performances, notably in Tennessee Williams play Small Craft Warnings in Londons West End in 1973. ... Nicholas Hytner (born May 7, 1956) is an award-winning British theatrical and opera producer and director. ... R. T. Crowley (born March 2, 1948) is a pioneer in the development and practice of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), an early component of electronic commerce. ...

Nominated

  • Tony Award
    • 2006, Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Play: Samuel Barnett

Samuel Augustus Barnett (February 8, 1844 - 1913) was an English clergyman and social reformer particularly associated with the establishment of the first university settlement, Toynbee Hall in east London in 1884. ...

References

  • Bennett, Alan, The History Boys, London: Gardners Books, 2004 ISBN 0-571-22464-4.

External links

  • The National Theatre: The History Boys
  • Michael Billington, "The History Boys", The Guardian (London), May 19, 2004. Review of the play
  • The History Boys, a fan site
  • The History Boys Discussion Forum
  • The History Boys at the Internet Movie Database Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom
  • Alan Bennett and Nicholas Hytner (director of the first production) discuss The History Boys in The Daily Telegraph, 21 June 2004
  • The History Boys on Broadway: Winner of 6 Tony Awards
  • " Info on the current West End production at Theatre.com

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