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Encyclopedia > The Great Gatsby
The Great Gatsby

The cover of the first edition, 1925.
Author F. Scott Fitzgerald
Country United States
Language English
Genre(s) Novel
Publisher Charles Scribner's Sons
Publication date April 10, 1925
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback)
ISBN NA & reissue ISBN 0-7432-7356-7 (2004 paperback edition)

The Great Gatsby is a novel by the American author F. Scott Fitzgerald. First published on April 10, 1925, the story is set in Long Island's North Shore and New York City during the summer of 1922. The Great Gatsby can refer to The Great Gatsby, a 1925 novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald It may also refer to: The Great Gatsby (1926 film), a 1926 silent film with Warner Baxter and Lois Wilson The Great Gatsby (1949 film), a 1949 film with Alan Ladd and Betty Field... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 473 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 634 pixel, file size: 179 KB, MIME type: image/gif) The Great Gatsby (1925) Dust Jacket Illustration by Francis Cugat http://www. ... Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American Jazz Age author of novels and short stories. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... Charles Scribners Sons is a publisher that was founded in 1846 at the Brick Church Chapel on New Yorks Park Row. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hardcover books A hardcover (or hardback or hardbound) is a book bound with rigid protective covers (typically of cardboard covered with cloth, heavy paper, or sometimes leather). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... ISBN redirects here. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American Jazz Age author of novels and short stories. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the island in New York State. ... The North Shore of Long Island is the area along Long Islands northern coast, bordering Long Island Sound. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The novel chronicles an era that Fitzgerald himself dubbed the "Jazz Age." Following the shock and chaos of World War I, American society enjoyed unprecedented levels of prosperity during the "roaring" 1920s as the economy soared. At the same time, Prohibition, the ban on the sale and manufacture of alcohol mandated by the Eighteenth Amendment, made millionaires out of bootleggers and led to an increase in organized crime. Although Fitzgerald, like Nick Carraway in his novel, idolized the riches and glamor of the age, he was uncomfortable with the unrestrained materialism and lack of morality that went with it. The Jazz Age , 1929 movie poster: A Scathing Indictment of the Bewidered Children of Pleasure. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... For the film, see The Roaring Twenties. ... The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually when speaking about the United States. ... Detroit police inspecting equipment found in a clandestine underground brewery during the prohibition era. ... Amendment XVIII in the National Archives Prohibition agents destroying barrels of alcohol. ... Consumerist redirects here. ...


Although it was adapted into both a Broadway play and a Hollywood film within a year of publication, it was not popular upon initial printing, selling fewer than 25,000 copies during the remaining fifteen years of Fitzgerald's life. The book was largely forgotten during the Great Depression and World War II. After it was republished in 1945 and 1953, it quickly found a wide readership and is now often regarded as an example of the Great American Novel. The Great Gatsby has since become a standard text in high school and university courses on American literature in countries around the world, and is ranked #2 on the Modern Library's list of the 100 Best Novels of the 20th Century. For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Great American Novel is the concept of a novel that perfectly represents the spirit of life in the United States at the time of its publication. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... This article is about the unit of teaching. ... American literature refers to written or literary work produced in the area of the United States and Colonial America. ... The Modern Library, a current division of Random House publishers, was founded in 1917 by Albert Boni and Horace Liveright. ... In 1998 the Modern Library created a list of what are, in their opinion, the 100 best novels published since 1900. ...

Contents

Writing and publication

With Gatsby, Fitzgerald made a conscious departure from the composition process of his previous novels. He began planning the novel in June of 1922 after completing his play The Vegetable, and began composing the novel in 1923. He ended up discarding most of a false start, though some of it would resurface in the story "Absolution."[1] Unlike his previous works, Fitzgerald intended to heavily edit and reshape Gatsby, believing that it held the potential to launch him toward literary acclaim. He told his editor Max Perkins that the novel was a “consciously artistic achievement," and a "purely creative work—not trashy imaginings as in my stories but the sustained imagination of a sincere and yet radiant world." He added later during the editing process that he felt “an enormous power in me now, more than I've ever had.”[2] Maxwell Perkins Maxwell Evarts Perkins (September 20, 1884 – June 17, 1947) was the famous editor of novelists F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Thomas Wolfe, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, and others, at the publisher Charles Scribners Sons during the first half of the 20th Century. ...


Along with the editing, which reframed both Daisy and Gatsby’s characters, Fitzgerald also wavered on the title of the novel. Among various titles considered were Among Ashheaps and Millionaires, Gold-Hatted Gatsby, The High-Bouncing Lover, and On the Road to West Egg. Fitzgerald also considered several variations on titles alluding to the Roman character Trimalchio from the Satyricon, and the book was originally titled Trimalchio in West Egg. Weeks before Gatsby was to be published, he wrote Perkins saying that he preferred Trimalchio's Banquet. At the last moment, Fitzgerald also considered the title Under the Red, White and Blue, referring to the book's ties with the American dream and other symbols of America. He then came up with the title The Great Gatsby which he submitted to his publisher. However, he once again changed his mind and wanted to change the title back to Under the Red, White and Blue, but by then it was too late to change. Hence the title remained The Great Gatsby.[3] Trimalchio is a character in the Roman novel The Satyricon by Petronius. ... Satyricon (or Satyrica) is a Latin novel, believed to have been written by Gaius Petronius, though the manuscript text of the Satyricon calls him Titus Petronius. ... For other uses, see American Dream (disambiguation). ...


Original cover art

The cover of The Great Gatsby is among the most celebrated pieces of jacket art in American literature.[4] A little known artist named Francis Cugat was commissioned to illustrate the book while Fitzgerald was in the midst of writing it. The cover was completed before the novel, and Fitzgerald was so enamored of the cover that he told his publisher he had "written it into" his novel.[4] Born on September 22, 1903, Francis Cugat was raised by his mother and father in West Virginia. ...


After several initial sketches of various completeness, Cugat produced the Art Deco-style painting of a pair of eyes hovering above the bright lights of an amusement park. The woman has no nose, but full voluptuous lips. Descending from the right eye is a green tear. The irises of the eyes are a gouache depicting two reclining nudes forming the irises of a pair of disembodied female eyes hovering above the bright lights of an amusement park.[4] Asheville City Hall. ... Corridor in the Asylum, black chalk and gouache on pink paper by Van Gogh Gouache (from the Italian guazzo, water paint, splash) or Bodycolour (or Bodycolor, the terms preferred by Art historians) is a type of paint consisting of pigment suspended in water. ...


Fitzgerald's remarks that he incorporated the painting into the novel, led to the interpretation that the eyes are reminiscent of those of Dr. T. J. Eckleburg (the once proprietor of a faded commercial billboard near George Wilson's auto-repair shop) which Fitzgerald described as "blue and gigantic—their retinas are one yard high. They look out of no face, but, instead, from a pair of enormous yellow spectacles which pass over a non-existent nose." Though this passage has some resemblance to the painting, a closer explanation is the description of Daisy Buchanan as the "girl whose disembodied face floated along the dark cornices and blinding signs".[4]


Title

The last piece to fall in place was the title. Fitzgerald was always ambivalent about what to call his book, shifting between Gatsby, Among Ash-Heaps and Millionaires, Trimalchio, Trimalchio in West Egg, On the Road to West Egg, Gold-Hatted Gatsby, and The High-Bouncing Lover as titles. He initially preferred Trimalchio, after a character in The Satyricon by Petronius who held ostentatious parties, but was eventually persuaded that the reference was too obscure and that people would not be able to pronounce it. Zelda and Perkins both expressed their preference for The Great Gatsby and in December of 1924, Fitzgerald agreed.[5] A month before publication, after final review of the proofs, he asked if it would be possible to re-title to Trimalchio or Gold-Hatted Gatsby. Perkins advised against it. On March 19, Fitzgerald asked if the book could be Under the Red White and Blue, but at this point it was no longer possible to change. The Great Gatsby was published on April 10, 1925. Fitzgerald later remarked that, "the title is only fair, rather bad than good."[6] Trimalchio is a character in the Roman novel The Satyricon by Petronius. ... Satyricon (or Satyrica) is a Latin novel, believed to have been written by Gaius Petronius, though the manuscript text of the Satyricon calls him Titus Petronius. ... This article is about the Roman author Petronius. ...


Plot summary

First-person narrator Nick Carraway introduces the novel, insisting that based on advice his wealthy father once gave him, he strenuously avoids judging people; however, he admits that this habit often causes him problems, with particular reference to events concerning a man named Gatsby. Nick leaves New York, where these events took place, to return to the Midwest, revealing that his story is a flashback of his experiences there. Toward the end of the novel, Nick claims that a year or two has passed since the events took place. This article is about the Midwestern region in the United States. ... In literature, film, television and other media, a flashback (also called analepsis) is an interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point the story has reached. ...


Nick opens his story by recounting that he, a young man from the Midwest, has moved to New York, renting a low-cost cottage located in West Egg, the less old-fashioned of two fictional wealthy seaside communities alongside one another on Long Island Sound (the other one being East Egg, a community of the "old aristocracy"). Nick visits Tom and Daisy Buchanan who own an opulent mansion in East Egg. Daisy is Nick's second cousin, once removed and her husband was a football player at Yale (where he was a remote acquaintance of Nick) and who now is a phenomenally wealthy "polo player". Nick describes the Buchanans through his visit to their mansion: Tom is an arrogant, racist athlete and Daisy is a pretty but superficial housewife with a three-year-old (though largely ignored) daughter. It is at the Buchanan house that Nick meets Jordan Baker, a lady friend of Daisy's and a well-known golfer. Jordan informs Nick that Tom has a mistress in New York. New York City waterways: 1. ...


Tom rents out a lavish apartment for his extramarital affair with his mistress, Myrtle, wife of the unsuspecting mechanic George Wilson. Oddly, Nick is proudly invited by Tom to visit he and Myrtle's secret apartment, where Nick also meets Catherine, Myrtle's sister, and Chester and Lucille McKee, two friends of Myrtle. The night ends with several of the guests (including Nick) getting drunk and Tom breaking Myrtle's nose after she instigates him by continuously repeating Daisy's name. Nick escorts Mr. McKee away from the chaos back home.


Nick is the next-door neighbor on West Egg to Jay Gatsby, an extremely wealthy man known for hosting outrageously luxurious parties in his enormous mansion, where every Saturday, hundreds of people come. Although many of the guests are uninvited, Nick is soon personally invited by a rather formal invitation through one of Gatsby's butlers, and finds himself becoming involved in this party scene, although he claims to despise the entire concept of mindless entertainment.


Gatsby seems to be a mysterious character whose great wealth is a subject of much rumor; none of the guests Nick meets at Gatsby's parties know much about his past. In fact, it seems, no one has met Gatsby and, because of this, people make up rumors as to how he came by such wealth. At one point during the party, a man begins a conversation with Nick, as the man claims to recognize Nick from the US Army Third Division during the Great War. Nick affirms that he was in this Division, and remarks on the strange and inexcusable absence of their host. The man apologetically reveals himself to be none other than Jay Gatsby, surprising Nick who had expected Gatsby to be much older and not as personable. In fact, Nick and Gatsby begin a close friendship. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


Nick is initially confused as to why Gatsby throws parties without introducing himself to his guests, and even more confused when Gatsby drives him to New York and discloses to Nick (without explaining his motivations for doing so) a seemingly far-fetched version of his upbringing. Nick's female acquaintance Jordan Baker eventually reveals to Nick that Gatsby was holding these parties in hopes that Daisy, his former love, would visit by chance. Also through Jordan, Gatsby requests Nick to arrange a meeting with Daisy. Nick obliges, and the reunion is initially awkward but ultimately successful, and soon Daisy and Gatsby begin an affair. In the meantime, Nick and Jordan Baker, whom Nick re-encounters at one of Gatsby's parties, start a relationship, which Nick already predicts will be superficial.


Eventually, in and leading up to an explosive scene at the Plaza Hotel in New York, Daisy's husband Tom notices Gatsby's love for Daisy and alleges that Gatsby is a bootlegger, in front of Gatsby, Daisy, Nick, and Jordan. Tom claims that he's been researching Gatsby and expresses his hatred towards Gatsby. In reply Gatsby urges Daisy to tell Tom that she never loved Tom; Gatsby hopes to erase the last five years so that she may simply be with him. Daisy does tell Tom, but hesitantly. Tom sees that he still has a chance with Daisy, and denies her and Gatsby's claim. Tom tells Daisy and Gatsby to drive together from the hotel to Tom and Daisy's house on Long Island; Tom mocks Gatsby by claiming he knows nothing can happen between Daisy and Gatsby. Tom takes his time getting home with Nick and Jordan.


George Wilson, owner of an auto repair garage on a desolate road between Manhattan and northern Long Island, is also arguing with his wife Myrtle (with whom Tom is having an affair since the beginning of the novel). She runs out of the house, only to be hit by Gatsby's car which is being driven by Daisy. Myrtle is killed instantly, and Daisy and Gatsby speed away. Later, as Tom, Jordan, and Nick are on their way home, they notice the car accident. Tom remarks casually that Wilson will finally have some business, but soon realizes that his lover Myrtle is dead. During this grotesque scene, Wilson comes out of his shop, half-insane and half in shock, and rants about having seen a yellow car. Tom leads Wilson into a private place and tells him that the yellow car was not Tom's and that Tom was driving Gatsby's yellow car earlier in the day (when Tom's group was driving to the hotel and stopped by at Wilson's for gasoline). Wilson does not seem to listen, and Tom, Jordan, and Nick leave. Wilson seems to become insane. He stays up all night rocking back and forth, muttering nonsense, while Michaelis, his neighbor, patiently watches over him. Wilson thinks he makes the connection that whoever was driving that yellow car must have been the man Myrtle was having an affair with and makes up his mind to find the yellow car.


By this point, over the past several weeks Nick has abandoned his role as an outsider observing Gatsby's life and has instead become Gatsby's close friend. When Nick finds out about the accident, he advises Gatsby to run away for a week. The two end up having breakfast at Gatsby's pool, with Nick telling him, "They're [Daisy, Tom, Jordan] a rotten crowd. You're worth the whole damn bunch put together." Upon hearing this, Gatsby smiles his trademark smile, which Nick described as, "It faced—or seemed to face—the whole world, then concentrated on you with an irresistible prejudice in your favor."


Wilson finds his way to Tom's house with a gun and Tom, while packing for an escape trip with Daisy, names Gatsby as the driver of the yellow car that killed Wilson's wife. In the meantime, Gatsby is floating in his pool, overwhelmed with depression, thinking that Daisy no longer loves him, and hoping for a call from her. There Wilson finds and kills Gatsby. Wilson then commits suicide on Gatsby's lawn not far away.


Nick tries to find people who will attend Gatsby's funeral, only to find that not even Gatsby's crooked business partners will be there to mourn for him. Finally, Nick meets Mr. Gatz, Gatsby's father, who comes to the funeral, apparently still trapped in the past. He shows Nick a well-worn photograph of Gatsby's house and a notebook that Gatsby wrote in as a youth showing his drive and ambition.


Aside from Gatsby's servants, only three people attend his funeral: Nick, Mr. Gatz, and "Owl Eyes," a man who had attended one of Gatsby's parties earlier that summer, but whom Nick hadn't seen since. After severing connections with Jordan and a brief run-in with Tom, Nick returns permanently to the Midwest, reflecting on Gatsby's desire to recapture the past.


Characters

Major Characters

  • Jay Gatsby (originally James "Jimmy" Gatz)—a young, self-made, wealthy ex-army officer who throws lavish parties, and rekindles an old affair with Daisy
  • Nick Carraway—the 29-year-old narrator and a native Midwesterner (from a wealthy family) who has moved to West Egg, Long Island
  • Thomas "Tom" Buchanan—an arrogant, athletic acquaintance of Nick who lives on East Egg
  • Daisy Buchanan née Fay—the second cousin, once removed of Nick. She is also Tom's wife
  • George B. Wilson—the quiet owner of a garage and Tom's mechanic
  • Myrtle Wilson—wife of George; she is having an affair with Tom
  • Jordan Baker—a long-time friend of Daisy and a professional golfer who begins a relationship with Nick. Fitzgerald told Maxwell Perkins that the character of Jordan Baker was based on the golfer Edith Cummings, a friend of Ginevra King.[7]

This article is about the island in New York State. ... The French word née (feminine) or né (masculine) (or the English word nee) is still commonly used in some newspapers when mentioning the maiden name of a woman in engagement or wedding announcements. ...

Minor Characters

  • Catherine—Myrtle's sister
  • Chester and Lucille McKee—friends of Myrtle
  • "Owl-eyes"—a party-goer who Nick meets in Gatsby's library
  • Meyer Wolfsheim—a crooked work associate of Gatsby
  • Ewing Klipspringer—a mysterious party-goer who often stays over at Gatsby's mansion
  • Pammy Buchanan—the Buchanans' three-year-old daughter
  • Henry C. Gatz—Gatsby's somewhat estranged father
  • Michaelis—Wilson's neighbor.

Film, TV, theatrical and literary adaptations

The Great Gatsby has been filmed four times:

  1. The Great Gatsby, in 1926 by Herbert Brenon – a silent movie of a stage adaptation, starring Warner Baxter, Lois Wilson, and William Powell. According to the IMDb, no known copies have survived (only a trailer with a few minutes of footage is known to exist);
  2. The Great Gatsby, in 1949 by Elliott Nugent – starring Alan Ladd, Betty Field, and Shelley Winters; for copyright reasons, this film is not readily available;
  3. The Great Gatsby, in 1974, by Jack Clayton – the most famous screen version, starring Robert Redford in the title role with Mia Farrow as Daisy Buchanan & Sam Waterston as Nick Carraway, with a script by Francis Ford Coppola;
  4. The Great Gatsby, in 2000 by Robert Markowitz – a made-for-TV movie starring Toby Stephens, Paul Rudd and Mira Sorvino.

Famous American author Truman Capote was originally hired as the screenwriter for the 1974 film adaptation. In his screenplay, Nick Carraway and Jordan Baker were both written to be homosexual. After Capote was removed from the project, Coppola rewrote the screenplay. The Great Gatsby is a 1926 silent film adaptation of the novel The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. ... // August - Warner Brothers debuts the first Vitaphone film, Don Juan. ... Herbert Brenon (January 13, 1880 - June 21, 1958) was a film director during the era of silent movies through the early 1940s. ... This article is about the comedy film. ... Actor Warner Baxter Warner Baxter (March 29, 1889 - May 7, 1951) was an American actor. ... Lois Wilson (June 28, 1894 - March 3, 1988) was an American actress best known for her work during the silent era. ... William Horatio Powell (July 29, 1892 - March 5, 1984) was an American actor, noted for his sophisticated, cynical roles. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... The Great Gatsby is a 1949 film made Paramount Pictures. ... See also: 1948 in film 1949 1950 in film 1940s in film 1950s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films North America Adams Rib Jolson Sings Again Pinky I Was a Male War Bride, The Snake Pit, Joan of Arc Academy Awards Best Picture: All the... Elliott Nugent (September 20, 1896, Dover, Ohio - August 9, 1980, New York City) was an American actor, writer, and film director. ... Alan Walbridge Ladd (September 3, 1913 – January 29, 1964) was an American film actor. ... Actress Betty Field (1947) photo taken by Carl Van Vechten Betty Field (February 8, 1913 - September 13, 1973) was an American film and stage actress. ... Shelley Winters (August 18, 1920 – January 14, 2006) was a two-time Academy Award-winning American actress. ... The Great Gatsby is a 1974 film made by Newdon Productions and Paramount Pictures. ... See also: 1973 in film 1974 1975 in film 1970s in film years in film film // Events February 7 - Blazing Saddles is released in USA May 1 - George Lucas creates the first draft of what would eventually become Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. ... Jack Clayton (March 1, 1921–February 26, 1995) was a British film director who specialised in bringing literary works to the screen. ... Robert Redford (born August 18, 1936)[1] is an Academy Award-winning American motion picture director, actor, producer, businessman, model, environmentalist and philanthropist. ... Mia Farrow (born Maria de Lourdes Villiers-Farrow on February 9, 1945) is an American actress. ... Samuel Atkinson Waterston (born November 15, 1940) is an Oscar nominated American actor noted particularly for his portrayal of Jack McCoy on the long-running NBC television series Law & Order. ... Sample from a screenplay, showing dialogue and action descriptions. ... Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is a five-time Academy Award winning American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ... The Great Gatsby is a 2000 made-for-television film adaptation of the the novel of the same title by F. Scott Fitzgerald. ... The year 2000 in television involved some significant events. ... TV redirects here. ... Toby Stephens (born April 21, 1969) is an English stage, television and film actor, best known for playing supervillain Gustav Graves in the James Bond film Die Another Day (2002) and Edward Fairfax Rochester in the BBC television adaptation of Jane Eyre (2006). ... Paul Stephen Rudd (born April 6, 1969) is an American film, television, and stage actor. ... Mira Katherine Sorvino (born September 28, 1967 in Tenafly, New Jersey) is an Oscar and Golden Globe Award-winning American actress. ... Truman Capote (pronounced ; 30 September 1924 – 25 August 1984) was an American writer whose stories, novels, plays, and non-fiction are recognized literary classics, including the novella Breakfast at Tiffanys (1958) and In Cold Blood (1965), which he labeled a non-fiction novel. ...


The 2002 film G (released in 2005) by Christopher Scott Cherot claims inspiration from The Great Gatsby. G is film released in the year 2002 by Christopher Scott Cherot. ... Christopher Scott Cherot, born November, 1967 is a film director known for Hav Plenty,(which he wrote, edited, acted in, as well as directed) released in 1997. ...


Stage

An operatic treatment of the novel was commissioned by the New York Metropolitan Opera to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the debut of James Levine. The opera premiered on December 20, 1999. The music and libretto are by John Harbison with popular song lyrics by Murray Horwitz. The Metropolitan Opera is located at Lincoln Center in New York, New York. ... James Levine (born June 23, 1943 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American orchestral pianist and conductor and most well known as the music director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... John Harbison John Harris Harbison (born December 20, 1938 in Orange, New Jersey) is a composer, best known for his operas and large choral works. ...


Also, it had been adopted by Takarazuka Revue in 1991, performed by Snow Troupe. It will performed by Moon Troupe of the company in 2008. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Great Gatsby, a stage adaptation by Owen Davis, was first performed at the Ambassador Theatre in New York City on Feb 2, 1926 in a production directed by George Cukor with James Rennie and Florence Eldridge. Owen Davis (b. ... The Ambassador Theatre is a Broadway theatre. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Dewey Cukor (July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an American film director. ... Florence Eldridge (September 5, 1901 - August 1, 1988) was an American film actress. ...


The Great Gatsby, in a new adaptation by Simon Levy, was performed for the opening of the new Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, Minnesota in July 2006. This was billed as "the first authorized stage version of the novel since 1926." The Guthrie Theater is a venue for staging plays in Minneapolis, Minnesota. ... Minneapolis redirects here. ...


However, two months earlier, in Brussels, Belgium, The Kunsten Festival des Arts debuted Gatz, a six-hour production by the New York theater company Elevator Repair Service. Set in a ramshackle contemporary office building, Gatz utilized the entire text of Gatsby, at first read by employees at the office building, and eventually acted out by them. "Gatz" premiered in the U.S. on September 21, 2006, at the Walker Art Center (also in Minneapolis) just eleven days after the closing of The Great Gatsby at The Guthrie. This article is about the settlement itself. ... One of the most celebrated art museums in the country, the Walker Art Center is known for commissioning and presenting innovative contemporary art; fostering the cross-pollination of the visual, performing, and media arts; and engaging diverse audiences in the excitement of the creative process. ...


Books

  • The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald.
  • Ernesto Quiñonez's Bodega Dreams adapted The Great Gatsby to Spanish Harlem
  • The Great Gatsby, a graphic novel adaptation by Australian cartoonist Nicki Greenberg
  • The Double Bind by Chris Bohjalian imagines the later years of Daisy and Tom Buchanan's marriage as a social worker in 2007 investigates the possibility that a deceased elderly homeless person is Daisy's son.

125th Street between Park Avenue and Madison Avenue Spanish Harlem, also known as El Barrio, is a neighborhood in the East Harlem area of New York City, in the north-eastern part of the borough of Manhattan. ... Chris Bohjalian is an American novelist of Armenian ancestry (paternal grandparents are Armenian). ...

In popular culture

  • In the episode, All Prologue, of HBO's critically acclaimed crime drama, The Wire, the character D'Angelo Barksdale gives an indepth analysis of The Great Gatsby to his fellow inmates.
  • The Great Gatsby was sometimes read aloud by Andy Kaufman in a faux British accent as a type of anti-humor. He did this to punish audiences who demanded that he play his Latka Gravas character. This was depicted in the Andy Kaufman biopic Man on the Moon with Jim Carrey portraying Kaufman.
  • In South Park episode 403, Timmy 2000, a psychiatrist reads the novel in its entirety to determine whether or not the boys have Attention Deficit Disorder.
  • In the Seinfeld episode, The Friars Club, George Costanza references The Gatsby's as having a bunch of people around and they were all best friends.
  • Seattle-based rock band Gatsbys American Dream derived their name from an obvious theme in the book.
  • The film The Guardian references the Great Gatsby. One character introduces herself as Daisy Buchanan.
  • Businessman Bill Gates has inscribed in his library a sentence from the last page of the novel: "He had come a long way to this blue lawn, and his dream must have seemed so close that he could hardly fail to grasp it."[8]
  • The King of Queens episode "American Idle" uses The Great Gatsby as a running joke as Carrie states in the beginning that she intends to read the book, but by the end of the episode she has clearly not read it. Doug eventually comes to the conclusion that Gatsby must be a magician due to his title.
  • German pop-music band Wolfsheim derived their name from one of the novel's characters.
  • The episode in the Ken Burns' documentary Baseball, The Faith of Fifty Million People (Inning 3), has the title and a line taken from the novel, referring to its fictional character "Meyer Wolfsheim" (but based on Arnold Rothstein).
  • A Peanuts comic featured Sally teaching Bible school, but one of her students answers every question (including "Who hit Goliath in the head with a stone?" and "Who parted the Red Sea?") with the Great Gatsby. Snoopy quotes Nick watching Gatsby and Daisy dance during his nighttime dance with the little red-haired girl.
  • The rock band Sullivan titled a song, on their debut full-length album, "Python Under the Watchful Eyes of Dr. T.J. Eckleburg."
  • The 2005 film Fever Pitch featured a scene where Ben and Lindsey attend a Great Gatsby party, where everyone is dressed in 1920s attire.
  • The band Gatsby Gets The Green Light derived their name from the book.
  • The band, Wolfgang Parker, has a song named "Among the Ash Heaps and Millionaires", in reference to 'The Great Gatsby'.
  • In the 2003 film Fighting Temptations, Cuba Gooding's character Darrin can be seen reading the book on a train back to his hometown of Monte Carlo.
  • In the CBS sitcom How I Met Your Mother Ted throws 3 parties in a row to impress Robin, who is he trying to go out with. Marshall calls Ted Gatsby and tells him that Robin isn't going to show up.
  • The road to the tip of the Great Neck peninsula (the model for Fitzgerald's "West Egg"), on the Long Island north shore, is named "Gatsby Lane."
  • In an episode of the Japanese drama Hana Yori Dango 2, one of the characters, Rui Hanazawa, is reading a copy of "The Great Gatsby".
  • The novel Jake, Reinvented is a modern teenage adaptation of the book, with a nearly-identical plot.
  • In the Daily Show with Jon Stewart book America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy Inaction, on one of the last few pages where it shows the "other works" by the Daily Show cast, one of the books shown is "The Great Gatsby, written by Jon Stewart and the Daily Show Cast, as told to F. Scott Fitzgerald."
  • In the show Greek, episode 12 the ZBZ's throw a Great Gatsby themed mixer with the Kappa Tau's, where they also read part of the book.
  • Romeo tries to read it in an episode of The Steve Harvey Show.

Episode chronology All Prologue is the sixth episode of the second season of the HBO original series, The Wire. ... The Wire may refer to: British music magazine The Wire American television show The Wire The telegraph service. ... Information Gender Male Age 23 (Deceased) Date of death 2003 Occupation Crew Chief Family Brianna Barksdale (mother) Children son, Tyrell Relatives Avon Barksdale (uncle) Portrayed by Larry Gilliard Jr. ... Andrew Geoffrey Kaufman (January 17, 1949 – May 16, 1984) was an American entertainer, actor, and performance artist. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Andy Kaufman as Latka Gravas Latka Gravas was a fictional character on the television sitcom Taxi portrayed by Andy Kaufman. ... For other uses, see Man on the Moon (disambiguation). ... James Eugene Carrey (born January 17, 1962) is a two-time Golden Globe Award-winning Canadian-American A-list film actor and comedian. ... This article is about the TV series. ... Timmy 2000 (AKA Timmy and the Lords of the Underworld) is episode 51 of the Comedy Central animated series South Park. ... DISCLAIMER Please remember that Wikipedia is offered for informational use only. ... For other uses, see Seinfeld (disambiguation). ... The Friars Club is an episode of NBC sitcom Seinfeld. ... George Louis Costanza is a fictional character in the United States-based television sitcom Seinfeld (1989–1998), played by Jason Alexander. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Gatsbys American Dream [sic] is a prolific Seattle-based Indie rock band. ... For other persons named Bill Gates, see Bill Gates (disambiguation). ... The King of Queens is an Emmy nominated, American comedy series that ran for nine seasons, from 1998 until 2007. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Wolfsheim is a synthpop band from Hamburg, Germany. ... Baseball was an Emmy Award-winning 1994 documentary series by Ken Burns about the game of baseball. ... Arnold Rothstein Arnold Rothstein (January 17, 1882 - November 4, 1928) was a New York businessman and gambler, chiefly famous for his role as a kingpin of organized crime. ... For other uses, see Peanut (disambiguation). ... This article is about the biblical warrior. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Snoopy is a fictional character in the long-running comic strip Peanuts, by Charles M. Schulz. ... Fever Pitch, which was released as The Perfect Catch outside of the United States and Canada, is a Farrelly Brothers comedy film. ... The Fighting Temptations is a 2003 comedy film. ... Cuba Gooding Jr. ... How I Met Your Mother (or HIMYM) is an American situation comedy that premiered on CBS Broadcasting on September 19, 2005. ... The Daily Show (currently The Daily Show with Jon Stewart) is a Peabody and Emmy Award-winning half-hour American comical news television program produced by and run on the Comedy Central cable television network. ... The Steve Harvey Show (August 25, 1996—February 24, 2002) aired for six seasons on The WB Television Network. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Template:Harnvb
  2. ^ Leader, Zachary. Daisy packs her bags. London Review of Books.
  3. ^ Cornell University New Student Reading Project.
  4. ^ a b c d Scribner, Charles III. "Celestial Eyes/ Scribner III Celestial Eyes—from Metamorphosis to Masterpiece". In Bruccoli 2000, p. 160–68. Originally published in 1991.
  5. ^ Bruccoli 2002, p. 206–07
  6. ^ Bruccoli 2002, p. 215–17
  7. ^ Bruccoli 2000, p. 9–10
  8. ^ Paterson, Thane. "Advice for Bill Gates: A Little Culture Wouldn't Hurt", Business Week, JUNE 13, 2000. Retrieved on 2008-03-21. 

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Bruccoli, Matthew Joseph (ed.) (2000), F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby: A Literary Reference, New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, ISBN 0786709960 
  • Bruccoli, Matthew Joseph (2002), Some Sort of Epic Grandeur: The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald (2nd rev. ed.), Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, ISBN 1570034559 .
  • Curnutt, Kirk (ed.) (2004), A Historical Guide to F. Scott Fitzgerald, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195153022 
  • Mizener, Arthur (1951), The Far Side of Paradise: A Biography of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Boston: Houghton Mifflin .
  • Prigozy, Ruth (ed.) (2002), The Cambridge Companion to F. Scott Fitzgerald, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521624479 

Matthew Joseph Bruccoli (born 1931) is Professor of English at the University of South Carolina, USA. He is a noted excerpt on writers F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway. ... For other uses, see Columbia (disambiguation). ... Houghton Mifflin Company is a leading educational publisher in the United States. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
The Great Gatsby

Sources Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

Movies Project Gutenberg of Australia is an organisation related to Project Gutenberg. ... Internet Archive headquarters is in the Presidio, a former US military base in San Francisco. ...

Miscellaneous For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ...

Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896 – December 21, 1940) was an American Jazz Age author of novels and short stories. ... This Side of Paradise is the debut novel of F. Scott Fitzgerald. ... The Beautiful and Damned , F. Scott Fitzgeralds second novel, tells the story of Anthony Patch (a 1920s socialite and presumptive heir to a tycoons fortune), and the relationship with his wife Gloria, his service in the army, and alcoholism. ... Tender Is the Night, first published by Charles Scribners Sons in 1934, is a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald. ... The Love of The Last Tycoon: A Western is a novel by F. Scott Fitzgerald, published posthumously. ... Flappers and Philosophers was the first collection of short stories written by F. Scott Fitzgerald, published in 1920. ... Tales of the Jazz Age (1922) is a collection of short stories by F. Scott Fitzgerald. ... The Pat Hobby Stories are a collection of 17 short stories written by F. Scott Fitzgerald between 1939 and 1940, the year of his death. ... The Short Stories of F. Scott Fitzgerald is a compilation of 43 short stories by F. Scott Fitzgerald. ... The Ice Palace is a modernist short story written and published by F. Scott Fitzgerald in 1920. ... Head and Shoulders is a short story by F. Scott Fitzgerald written and published in 1920. ... The Cut-Glass Bowl is a short story by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald, first published in 1920 in Fitzgeralds short story collection Flappers and Philosophers. ... Bernice Bobs Her Hair is a short story by F. Scott Fitzgerald, written in 1920 and first published in the Saturday Evening Post in May of that year. ... Benediction is a short story by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald, first published in 1920 in Fitzgeralds short story collection Flappers and Philosophers. ... The Curious Case of Benjamin Button is a 2007 film directed by David Fincher. ... The Diamond as Big as the Ritz is a short story by novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald. ... Winter Dreams is a short story by F. Scott Fitzgerald that first appeared in the Metropolitan Magazine in December 1922, and was collected in All The Sad Young Men in 1926. ... Babylon Revisited is a short story by F. Scott Fitzgerald, written in 1930 and first published in the The Saturday Evening Post on February 21, 1931, and had many parallels to Fitzgeralds own life, both personal and historical. ... The Crack-Up (1945) is a book by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald. ...

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Gatsby's great wealth is a subject of much rumor; none of the guests whom Nick meets at Gatsby's parties know much about his past.
Gatsby is infatuated with an old flame, Daisy Buchanan, who happens to be Nick's second cousin once removed and the wife of his Yale classmate, a wealthy former footballer named Tom Buchanan.
Gatsby was performed for the opening of the new Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, Minnesota in July 2006.
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