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Encyclopedia > The Grapes of Wrath (film)
The Grapes of Wrath

Theatrical Poster
Directed by John Ford
Produced by Darryl F. Zanuck
Associate Producer:
Nunnally Johnson
Written by Screenplay:
Nunnally Johnson
Story:
John Steinbeck
Starring Henry Fonda
Jane Darwell
John Carradine
Shirley Mills
John Qualen
Eddie Quillan
Music by Alfred Newman
Cinematography Gregg Toland
Editing by Robert Simpson
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release date(s) January 24, 1940
(New York City)
Running time 128 minutes
Country Flag of the United States United States
Language English
Budget $750,000
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile

The Grapes of Wrath is an American 1940 film directed by John Ford. It was based on the Pulitzer Prize winning 1939 novel, of the same name, written by John Steinbeck. The term Grapes of Wrath can refer to: The Grapes of Wrath, a 1939 novel by John Steinbeck The Grapes of Wrath, a 1940 film adaptation of the novel directed by John Ford The Grapes of Wrath, a Tony Award-winning play based on the Steinbeck novel The Grapes of... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 386 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (394 × 611 pixel, file size: 196 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Theatrical poster of film: The Grapes of Wrath. ... For other persons named John Ford, see John Ford (disambiguation). ... Darryl Francis Zanuck (September 5, 1902–December 22, 1979) was a producer, writer, actor and director who played a major part in the Hollywood studio system as one of its longest survivors (the length of his career being rivalled only by that of Adolph Zukor). ... Nunnally Johnson (December 5, 1897 - March 25, 1977) was an American filmmaker who wrote, produced, and directed films. ... Nunnally Johnson (December 5, 1897 - March 25, 1977) was an American filmmaker who wrote, produced, and directed films. ... John Ernst Steinbeck (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... Jane Darwell (October 15, 1879 – August 13, 1967) was an Academy Award-winning American theater and film actress. ... John Carradine (February 5, 1906 – November 27, 1988) was a Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actor, perhaps best known for his roles in horror films and Westerns. ... Shirley Mills (born April 8, 1926) is an American actress. ... John Qualen in Casablanca John Qualen (December 8, 1899 - September 12, 1987) was a film character actor. ... Edward Eddie Quillan (March 31, 1907 - July 19, 1990) was an American film actor whose career began as a child on the vaudeville stages and silent film and continued through the age of television in the 1980s. ... Alfred Newman (March 17, 1900 – February 17, 1970) was a major American composer of music for films. ... Gregg Toland (1904-1948) was an influential American cinematographer, most noted for his work on Orson Welles Citizen Kane. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The year 1940 in film involved some significant events. ... For other persons named John Ford, see John Ford (disambiguation). ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... This article is about the novel. ... John Ernst Steinbeck (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. ...


The screenplay was penned by Nunnally Johnson and executive produced by Darryl F. Zanuck.[1] Nunnally Johnson (December 5, 1897 - March 25, 1977) was an American filmmaker who wrote, produced, and directed films. ... Darryl Francis Zanuck (September 5, 1902–December 22, 1979) was a producer, writer, actor and director who played a major part in the Hollywood studio system as one of its longest survivors (the length of his career being rivalled only by that of Adolph Zukor). ...


The film is about an Oklahoma family, the Joads, who become migrant workers in California after losing their farm during the Great Depression in the 1930s. The motion picture also details their arduous journey across country to California. Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Largest metro area Oklahoma City metro area Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,898 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... A foreign worker (cf expatriate), is a person who works in a country other than the one of which he or she is a citizen. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the World Depression. ...

Contents

Plot

The film opens with Tom Joad (Henry Fonda) being released from prison and hitchhiking his way back to his family farm in Oklahoma only to find it deserted. Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... For other uses, see Hitch hike. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Largest metro area Oklahoma City metro area Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,898 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ...


Tom finds an itinerant ex-preacher named Jim Casy (John Carradine) sitting under a tree by the side of the road. Tom remembers that Casy was the preacher who baptized him, but now Casy has "lost the call" and his faith. Casy leads him to find his family at Uncle John's place. His family is happy to see Tom and expain they have made plans to head for California in search of employment as their farm has been foreclosed by the bank. Preacher is a term the for someone who preaches sermons or gives homilies. ... John Carradine (February 5, 1906 – November 27, 1988) was a Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actor, perhaps best known for his roles in horror films and Westerns. ... Baptism is a water purification ritual practiced in certain religions such as Christianity, Mandaeanism, Sikhism, and some historic sects of Judaism. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ...


The large Joad family of twelve leaves at daybreak, packing everything into an old and dilapidated modified truck in order to make the long journey to the promised land of California. For other uses, see Truck (disambiguation). ...

The Joads travel Hwy. 66.
The Joads travel Hwy. 66.

The trip along Highway 66 is arduous and it soon takes a toll on the Joad family. Weak and elderly Grampa is the first to die on their journey. After he dies, they pull over to the shoulder of the road, unload him, and bury him. Tom writes the circumstances surrounding the death on a page from the family Bible and places it on the body so that if his remains were ever found his death would not be investigated as a possible homicide. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The following highways are numbered 66: U.S. Highway 66, the most common meaning Interstate 66 Arizona State Highway 66 California State Highway 66 Connecticut State Highway 66 Florida State Road 66 Kansas State Highway 66 Massachusetts State Highway 66 Missouri State Highway 66 New Jersey State Highway 66 Oklahoma... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ...


They park in a camp and they meet a man, a returning migrant from California, who laughs at Pa's optimism about conditions in California and who speaks bitterly about his awful experiences in the West. He hints at what the Joads will soon find out for themselves.


The family arrives at the first transient migrant campground for workers and find the camp is crowded with other hungry, starving, jobless and desperate travelers. Their truck slowly makes its way through the dirt road between the shanty houses and around the camp's hungry-faced inhabitants. Tom says, "Sure don't look none too prosperous."


After some trouble with a "so-called" agitator, the Joads leave the camp in a hurry.


The Joads make way to another migrant camp named the Keene Ranch. After doing some work in the fields they discover about the high food prices in the company store for meat and other products. The problem is that the store is the only one in the area, by a long shot. Later they find there is a striking group of migrants in the camp and Tom wants to find out all about it. Tom goes to a secret meeting in the dark woods.

Ma and Tom Joad. Note Tom's scar on left cheek.

The meeting is discovered and Casy is killed by one of the guards. Tom defends Casy from the vicious attack and kills the attacking guard in retaliation. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


During the altercation, Tom suffers a serious face wound on his cheek and the guard realizes it won't be difficult to identify him.


That evening the family hides Tom under the mattresses of the truck just as guards arrive to question them and search for the killer of the guard. Tom avoids being spotted and the family successfully leave the Keene Ranch without further incident.


At the top of a hill, the car runs out of gas, and they're able to coast into a third type of camp: a clean camp run by the USDA. “USDA” redirects here. ...


After Tom becomes personally idealized by what he has witnessed in the various camps, he describes how he will carry on Casy's mission in the world by fighting for social reform. Tom goes off to seek a new world, and he must leave his family to join the movement committed to social justice.


He says:

I'll be all around in the dark. I'll be everywhere. Wherever you can look, wherever there's a fight, so hungry people can eat, I'll be there. Wherever there's a cop beatin' up a guy, I'll be there. I'll be in the way guys yell when they're mad. I'll be in the way kids laugh when they're hungry and they know supper's ready, and when people are eatin' the stuff they raise and livin' in the houses they build, I'll be there, too.

Exhibition

Tagline: The Joads step right out of the pages of the novel that has shocked millions!


The film premiered in New York City on January 24, 1940, and Los Angeles on January 27, 1940. The wide release date in the USA was March 15, 1940. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Release dates

is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Background

Henry Fonda as Tom Joad.
Henry Fonda as Tom Joad.

Production on the film began on October 4, 1939, and completed on November 16, 1939. Image File history File links Grapesofwrath106. ... Image File history File links Grapesofwrath106. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The film's "fake" working title was "Highway 66." This is because John Ford needed to use Oklahoma in the highway scenes and Steinbeck's novel was very controversial with many of the state's citizens. The novel, in fact, had been criticized upon its release; nowhere more so than in the Midwest. The following highways are numbered 66: U.S. Highway 66, the most common meaning Interstate 66 Arizona State Highway 66 California State Highway 66 Connecticut State Highway 66 Florida State Road 66 Kansas State Highway 66 Massachusetts State Highway 66 Missouri State Highway 66 New Jersey State Highway 66 Oklahoma... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ...


Pre-production

Producer Daryl F. Zanuck was nervous about the hard left political view found in the novel, especially the ending. Due to the red-baiting common of the era, Daryl Zanuck sent private investigators to Oklahoma to help legitimize the film. When Zanuck's investigators found the "Okies" predicament was indeed terrible, Zanuck was confident he could defend attacks that the film was somehow pro-Communist.[2] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Gumshoe redirects here. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Largest metro area Oklahoma City metro area Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,898 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Rear view of an Okies car, passing through Amarillo, Texas, heading west, 1941 Okie, also known as a Pafundi in Northern Oklahoma, is a synonym, dating from as early as 1905, denoting a resident or native of Oklahoma. ... Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ...


Still, Zanuck watered down the novel's tone for the film and as a consequence did much to sell the fictional Joads story to the general public in the United States. In addition, critic Roger Ebert believes that due to Adolf Hitler's rising to power in Europe in the 1930s, Communism enjoyed a respite from "American demonology," at least for a brief time.[3] Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... Hitler redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the World Depression. ...


Odd production bedfellows

Both executive producer Daryl Zanuck and director John Ford were odd choices to make this film because both were considered politically very conservative.[4] American conservatism is a constellation of political ideologies within the United States under the blanket heading of conservative. ...


Filming locations

Some of the filming locations include: McAlester, Sayre both in Oklahoma; Gallup, Laguna Pueblo, and Santa Rosa, all in New Mexico; Lamont, Needles, San Fernando Valley, all in California; Topock, Petrified Forest National Park, all in Arizona. McAlester is a city located in Pittsburg County, Oklahoma. ... Sayre is a city located in Beckham County, Oklahoma. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Largest metro area Oklahoma City metro area Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,898 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Gallup (Navajo: Naʼnízhoozhí) is a city in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States. ... Pueblo of Laguna Symbol Laguna Pueblo or Pueblo of Laguna is a Native American tribe of the Pueblo people in west-central New Mexico, USA. The name, Laguna, is Spanish and derives from the lake located on their reservation. ... Santa Rosa is a town, and the county seat of Guadalupe County, New Mexico. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... Lamont is a census-designated place located in Kern County, California. ... Needles (Mojave ʼAha Kuloh) is a city located on the western banks of the Colorado River in San Bernardino County, California. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article on a place of local interest appears to contain only a small amount of verifiable information. ... Petrified Forest National Park is located in northeastern Arizona, along Interstate 40 between Holbrook and Navajo. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ...


Film music

The film features the Red River Valley (song). Red River Valley is a folk song often sung by the Sons of the Pioneers. ...


Critical reception

Jane Darwell as Ma Joad and Henry Fonda as Tom Joad.

When released the film was well received by the film critics. But, it did have its detractors especially due to the leftist political overtones of the film. Image File history File links Grapesofwrath105. ... Image File history File links Grapesofwrath105. ... Jane Darwell (October 15, 1879 – August 13, 1967) was an Academy Award-winning American theater and film actress. ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... Tom Joad is a character from John Steinbecks The Grapes of Wrath. ...


Film critic Frank S. Nuggent, writing for The New York Times, liked the film's screenplay, the direction of the film and the acting. He wrote, "In the vast library where the celluloid literature of the screen is stored there is one small, uncrowded shelf devoted to the cinema's masterworks, to those films which by dignity of theme and excellence of treatment seem to be of enduring artistry, seem destined to be recalled not merely at the end of their particular year but whenever great motion pictures are mentioned. To that shelf of screen classics Twentieth Century-Fox yesterday added its version of John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath, adapted by Nunnally Johnson, directed by John Ford and performed at the Rivoli by a cast of such uniform excellence and suitability that we should be doing its other members an injustice by saying it was 'headed' by Henry Fonda, Jane Darwell, John Carradine and Russell Simpson."[5] The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...


When critic Bosley Crowther, called the dean of American film critics, retired in 1967, he named The Grapes of Wrath one of the best fifty films ever made. (N.B.: 40% of the works Crowther named were foreign films.)[6] Bosley Crowther (July 13, 1905 – March 7, 1981) was an American film critic. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Nota Bene is a Latin phrase meaning Note Well, coming from notâre -- to note. ...


In a film review written for Time magazine by its editor Whittaker Chambers, an outspoken opponent of communism, he separated his views of Steinbeck's novel from Ford's film, which he liked. Chambers wrote, "But people who go to pictures for the sake of seeing pictures will see a great one. For The Grapes of Wrath is possibly the best picture ever made from a so-so book...Camera craft purged the picture of the editorial rash that blotched the Steinbeck book. Cleared of excrescences, the residue is a great human story which made thousands of people, who damned the novel's phony conclusions, read it. It is the saga of an authentic U.S. farming family who lose their land. They wander, they suffer, but they endure. They are never quite defeated, and their survival is itself a triumph."[7] “TIME” redirects here. ... Whittaker Chambers, 1948 Jay Vivian (David Whittaker) Chambers (April 1, 1901 – July 9, 1961) was an American writer, editor, Communist party member and spy for the Soviet Union who defected and became an outspoken opponent of communism. ...


Today's views

Ma, Tom, and Pa Joad.

Today the film has become an American classic and continues to be screened in many college campuses and union halls across the country. When the film was shown at a SEIU union hall in Baltimore film critic Bret McCabe penned a review. He especially liked the look of the film and wrote, "The Grapes of Wrath is riddled with such effectively mannered performances—particularly John Carradine's ex-preacher Casy and Eddie Quillan's driven-mad-by-desperation Connie. But the real star here is cinematographer Gregg Toland's vérité camerawork."[8] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Service Employees International Union (SEIU) is the largest and fastest growing labor union in the United States and Canada, representing 1. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Gregg Toland (1904-1948) was an influential American cinematographer, most noted for his work on Orson Welles Citizen Kane. ... This article is about filmmaking. ...


However, some analysts believe the "myth of the Okies," helped created by John Steinbeck's novel, is a mistake. As such, they argue the film's story rings false. Keith Windschuttle, writing for The New Criterion, wrote, "In the film of The Grapes of Wrath, Steinbeck's statement that people owned their land not because they had a piece of paper but because they had been born on it, worked on it, and died on it is given to the half-crazy character Muley Graves. His sentiments, and the injustice of the dispossession behind them, resonate throughout the drama. Again, however, these remarks bear very little relationship to the real farmers of Oklahoma."[9]


Recent honors

On June 17, 1998 the American Film Institute selected the best American films of all time by a vote of 1,500 industry experts selected by the AFI. In a television program shown on CBS named AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies The Grapes of Wrath placed 21st.[10] In 2005, again, in a CBS program named AFI's 100 Years... 100 Cheers, the film moved up to 7th position. is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... The first of the AFI 100 Years. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 100 Years. ...


Currently, the film has a 100% "Fresh" rating at Rotten Tomatoes, based on thirty-two reviews.[11] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Cast and ratings

Ratings
Australia:  G
Canada (Manitoba):  PG
Canada (Quebec):  G
Finland:  K-16
Portugal:  M/12
Sweden:  15
United Kingdom:  A
United States:  Approved

A motion picture rating system categorizes films with regard to suitability for children and/or adults in terms of issues such as sex, violence and profanity. ... The Manitoba Film Classification Board is part of the Ministry of Culture, Heritage and Tourism of the government of the Canadian province of Manitoba. ... British Board of Film Classification logo The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), originally British Board of Film Censors, is the organisation responsible for film and some video game classification and censorship within the United Kingdom. ... The MPAA film rating system is a system used in the United States and territories and instituted by the Motion Picture Association of America to rate a movie based on its content. ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... Tom Joad is a character from John Steinbecks The Grapes of Wrath. ... Jane Darwell (October 15, 1879 – August 13, 1967) was an Academy Award-winning American theater and film actress. ... John Carradine (February 5, 1906 – November 27, 1988) was a Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actor, perhaps best known for his roles in horror films and Westerns. ... From newspaper promotional for vaudeville character actor Charles E. Grapewin Charles E. Grapewin (December 20, 1869, Xenia, Ohio – February 2, 1956, Corona, California) was an American vaudeville performer, and a stage and film actor. ... Dorris Estelle Bowdon (December 27, 1914 – August 9, 2005) was an American actress, best known for her role as Rose of Sharon in the film adaptation of John Steinbecks novel The Grapes of Wrath, starring Henry Fonda. ... Russell Simpson (born February 22, 1954 in Auckland) is a former tennis player from New Zealand, who won six doubles titles during his professional career. ... John Qualen in Casablanca John Qualen (December 8, 1899 - September 12, 1987) was a film character actor. ... Edward Eddie Quillan (March 31, 1907 - July 19, 1990) was an American film actor whose career began as a child on the vaudeville stages and silent film and continued through the age of television in the 1980s. ... Darryl Gerard Hickman (born July 28, 1931) is an American film and TV actor, former television executive and child star of the 1930s and 1940s. ... Shirley Mills (born April 8, 1926) is an American actress. ... Charles Brown -Democratic challenger - retired U.S. Air Force Lt. ... Ward Bond (April 9, 1903 - November 5, 1960) was an American film actor. ... Bakersfield is the county seat of Kern County, California, in the United States. ...

Comparison to novel

The first part of the film version follows the book fairly accurately.


However, the second half and the ending in particular are significantly different from the book. While the book's ending tells of the downfall and ultimate break-up of the Joad family, the film switches the entire order of sequences so that the family ends up in a "good" camp provided by the government and events turn out relatively well.


Also, the novel's original ending was far too controversial to be included in the film. In the novel Rose-of-Sharon Rivers (Dorris Bowdon) gives birth to a stillborn baby and then offers her milk-filled breasts to a starving man, dying in a barn. That scene was deleted in the film. Dorris Estelle Bowdon (December 27, 1914 – August 9, 2005) was an American actress, best known for her role as Rose of Sharon in the film adaptation of John Steinbecks novel The Grapes of Wrath, starring Henry Fonda. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


Moreover, while the film is somewhat stark it has a more optimistic and hopeful view than the novel, especially when the Joads land at the Department of Agriculture camp--the clean camp. Also, the producers tone down Steinbeck's political references in the novel like the elimination of a monologue using a land owner's description of "reds" as anybody "that wants thirty cents an hour when we're payin' twenty-five" to show that under the prevalent conditions that definition applies to every migrant worker looking for better wages. And there is also a greater emphasis on Ma Joad's pragmatic, forward-looking way of dealing with their situation despite Tom's departure and concluding in her spiritual closing "We's the people" speech.[12] For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... Migrant farm worker, New York 2003 USPS stamp featuring Chávez and the fields that were so important to him A migrant worker is someone working on a regular basis away from their home, if indeed they have a home. ... == Historical background on spiritual music Spirituals were often expressions of religious faith, although they may also have served as socio-political protests veiled as assimilation to white, American culture. ...


Video, DVDs

A video of the film was released in 1988 by Key Video (then a division of CBS/Fox). Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Sub-label of CBS/FOX Video from 1983 to 1989. ...


Later it was released in video format on March 3, 1998 by 20th Century Fox on its Studio Classic series. is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


A DVD was released on April 6, 2004 by 20th Century Fox Entertainment. The DVD contains a special commentary track by scholars Joseph McBride and Susan Shillinglaw. It also includes various supplements: an A&E Network biography of Daryl F. Zanuck, outtakes, a gallery, Franklin D. Roosevelt lauds motion pictures at Academy featurette, Movietone news: three drought reports from 1934, etc. Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Biography is one of A&Es longest-running and most popular programs. ... FDR redirects here. ...


Gallery of covers and lobby card

Awards

Academy Awards wins (1941) Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...

Academy Awards nominations (1941) The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role is one of the awards given to actresses working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to directors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. ...

Other wins The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... // The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ...

Other distinguishments The National Board of Review of Motion Pictures was founded in 1909 in New York City, just 13 years after the birth of cinema, to protest New York City Mayor George B. McClellan, Jr. ... New York Film Critics Circle Awards are given annually to honor excellence in cinema worldwide by an organization of film reviewers from New York City-based publications. ... The Blue Ribbon Awards are film-specific prizes awarded solely by movie critics and writers in Tokyo, Japan. ...

Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The National Film Registry is the registry of films selected by the United States National Film Preservation Board for preservation in the Library of Congress. ... 100 Years. ...

Quotes

  • Gasoline Attendant: You and me got sense. Them Okies got no sense and no feeling. They ain't human. Human being wouldn't live the way they do. Human being couldn't stand to be so miserable.
  • Pa: You're the one that keeps us goin', Ma. I ain't no good no more, and I know it. Seems like I spend all my time these days thinkin' how it used to be. Thinkin' of home. I ain't never gonna see it no more.
    Ma: Well, Pa. A woman can change better'n a man. A man lives, sorta, well, in jerks. Baby's born and somebody dies, and that's a jerk. He gets a farm or loses it, and that's a jerk. With a woman, it's all in one flow like a stream. Little eddies and waterfalls, but the river it goes right on. A woman looks at it that way.
    Pa: Well, maybe, but we sure taken a beatin'.
  • Ma Joad: Rich fellas come up an' they die, an' their kids ain't no good an' they die out. But we keep a'comin'. We're the people that live. They can't wipe us out; they can't lick us. We'll go on forever, Pa, 'cause we're the people.

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Grapes of Wrath at the Internet Movie Database.
  2. ^ Levy, Emanuel. Film review. Last accessed: 11/12/07.
  3. ^ Ebert, Roger. Chicago Sun-Times, film review, March 21, 2002. Last accessed: 1/14/07.
  4. ^ Ebert, Roger. Chicago Sun-Times, ibid.
  5. ^ Nuggent, Frank S. The New York Times, film review, "Twentieth Century-Fox Shows a Flawless Film Edition of John Steinbeck's 'The Grapes of Wrath,' With Henry Fonda and Jane Darwell, at the Rivoli," January 25, 1940.
  6. ^ Crowther, Bosley. The New York Times Crowther article, archived at Northern Essex Community College.
  7. ^ Chambers, Whittaker. Time, film review, February 1940.
  8. ^ McCabe, Bret. Baltimore City Paper, film review, October 27, 2004.
  9. ^ Windschuttle, Keith. The New Criterion, Vol. 20, No. 10, June 2002.
  10. ^ IMDb, news section, ibid.
  11. ^ Grapes of Wrath at Rotten Tomatoes. Last accessed: January 21, 2007.
  12. ^ Steinbeck, John. The Grapes of Wrath, 1939. Penguin Classics; Reissue edition October 1, 1992.

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Northern Essex Community College (also known as NECC or Necco) is a community college with campuses in Haverhill, Massachusetts and Lawrence, Massachusetts. ... Baltimore City Paper is a free alternative weekly paper published in Baltimore, Maryland. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...

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