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Encyclopedia > The Giver
The Giver
Author Lois Lowry
Translator Blake Brown
Cover artist Cliff Nielsen
Country United States
Language English
Series The Giver trilogy
Genre(s) Soft science fiction, utopian fiction
Publisher Bantam Books
Publication date 1993
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages 180 p. (paperback edition)
ISBN ISBN 0-553-57133-8 (paperback edition)
Followed by Gathering Blue and Messenger (novel)

The Giver is a novel written by Lois Lowry and published on April 16, 1993. It is set in a future society which is at first presented as a utopian society and gradually appears more and more dystopian; therefore, it could be considered anti-utopian. The novel follows a boy named Jonas through the twelfth year of his life. The society has eliminated pain and strife by converting to "Sameness", a plan which has also eradicated emotional depth from their lives. Jonas is selected to inherit the position of "Receiver of Memory," the person who stores all the memories of the time before Sameness, in case they are ever needed to aid in decisions that others lack the experience to make. As Jonas receives the memories from his predecessor—the "Giver"—he discovers how shallow his community's life has become. The Giver is a 1993 novel by Lois Lowry, winner of the 1994 Newbery Medal. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Lois Lowry (born March 20, 1937) is an author of childrens literature who has been awarded the Newbery Medal twice: first for Number the Stars in 1990, and again in 1994 for The Giver, her most famous and controversial work. ... Cliff Nielsen is an illustrator who has illustrated the covers of several childrens books, including: Heir Apparent The Shadow Children series The Jedi Apprentice and The New Jedi Order series[1] The Diane Duane books. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Soft science fiction, or soft SF, like its complementary opposite hard science fiction, is a descriptive term that points to the role and nature of the science content in a science fiction story. ... Utopian fiction is the creation of an ideal world as the setting for a novel. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... Bantam Books is a major U.S. publishing house owned by Random House and is part of the Bantam Dell Publishing Group. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Hardcover books A hardcover (or hardback or hardbound) is a book bound with rigid protective covers (typically of cardboard covered with cloth, heavy paper, or sometimes leather). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Gathering Blue is a 2000 novel by noted childrens author Lois Lowry. ... Messenger is a 2004 novel by Childrens author Lois Lowry. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... Lois Lowry (born March 20, 1937) is an author of childrens literature who has been awarded the Newbery Medal twice: first for Number the Stars in 1990, and again in 1994 for The Giver, her most famous and controversial work. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Utopia (disambiguation). ... This article is about the philosophical concept and literary form. ... For other uses, see Emotion (disambiguation). ...


Despite controversy and criticism that the book's subject material is inappropriate for young children, The Giver won the 1994 Newbery Medal and has sold more than 5.3 million copies. In the United States and Canada it is a part of many middle school reading lists, but it is also on many banned book lists. The novel forms a loose trilogy with Gathering Blue (2000) and Messenger (2004), two other books set in the same future era. The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children of the American Library Association (ALA) to the author of the outstanding American book for children. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary/elementary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... Gathering Blue is a 2000 novel by noted childrens author Lois Lowry. ... Messenger is a 2004 novel by Childrens author Lois Lowry. ...

Contents

Plot summary

The novel's setting seems to be a utopia, where all possible steps are taken to eliminate pain and anguish. The people are almost always compliant; families share their dreams and feelings on a daily basis to diffuse emotional buildup. This society remains harmonious by matching up husbands and wives based on compatibility of personality and if there is any sign of feelings the match is denied. There is also a subtle theme of technology having only a minimal role in society; throughout the book, it is taken for granted that Jonas's community is without such technologies as television, or radio, although computers are mentioned at one point. Transportation is mostly limited to bicycles; however, cars and airplanes exist in small numbers. For other uses, see Utopia (disambiguation). ... Look up Pain in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... Young people interacting within an ethnically diverse society. ... This article is about the machine. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... Car redirects here. ... Fixed-wing aircraft is a term used to refer to what are more commonly known as aeroplanes in Commonwealth English (excluding Canada) or airplanes in North American English. ...


Lowry describes creating the pain-free world of Jonas' Community in her Newbery Award speech: Jonas is the protagonist of The Giver, by Lois Lowry. ... The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children of the American Library Association (ALA) to the author of the outstanding American book for children. ...

I tried to make Jonas's world seem familiar, comfortable, and safe, and I tried to seduce the reader. I seduced myself along the way. It did feel good, that world. I got rid of all the things I fear and dislike; all the violence, poverty, prejudice and injustice, and I even threw in good manners as a way of life because I liked the idea of it.
One child has pointed out, in a letter, that the people in Jonas's world didn't even have to do dishes.
It was very, very tempting to leave it at that.[1] It has been suggested that womanizer be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Fear (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ... A boy from Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ... Manifestations Slavery Racial profiling Lynching Hate speech Hate crime Genocide (examples) Ethnocide Ethnic cleansing Pogrom Race war Religious persecution Gay bashing Blood libel Paternalism Police brutality Movements Policies Discriminatory Race / Religion / Sex segregation Apartheid Redlining Internment Anti-discriminatory Emancipation Civil rights Desegregation Integration Equal opportunity Counter-discriminatory Affirmative action Racial... Justice is a concept involving the fair and moral treatment of all persons, especially in law. ...

As time progresses in the novel, however, it becomes clear that the society has lost contact with the ideas of family and love, at least in the "more complete" sense at which Lowry hints. Children are born to designated "Birthmothers" and then family units can apply for children. If the family unit applies for the maximum allowed number of two, it will always be one boy and one girl. This is to keep the genders even. After family units have served the purpose of raising the children in a stable environment, they cease to exist, the parents going to a communal housing facility for childless adults, and the children becoming involved in their work and starting monogenerational families of their own, forgetting their foster parents who are growing old. The community maintains this process using pills which suppress emotions, mainly romantic love and sexuality, which they refer to as "Stirrings." This article is about the concept of time. ... For other uses, see Family (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Emotion (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... This article is about human sexual perceptions. ...


All the land near the Community and around the other, similar communities clustered about the nearby river has been flattened to aid agriculture and transportation. A vaguely described system of climate control is used so that the weather remains constant. It is implied that genetic engineering has been used extensively to manipulate human beings so that they physically conform with Sameness. For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... For the movement of people or objects, see transport. ... HVAC may also stand for High-voltage alternating current HVAC is an initialism that stands for heating, ventilation and air_conditioning. This is sometimes referred to as climate control. ... For other uses, see Weather (disambiguation). ... Elements of genetic engineering Genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, genetic modification/manipulation (GM) and gene splicing are terms that are applied to the direct manipulation of an organisms genes. ...


The Community is run by a Council of Elders that assigns each 12-year-old the job he or she will perform for the rest of his or her life. People are bound by an extensive set of rules touching every aspect of life, which if violated would require a simple but somewhat ceremonious apology. In some cases, violating the rules is "winked at": older siblings invariably teach their younger brothers and sisters how to ride a bicycle before the children are officially permitted to learn the skill. If a member of the community has committed serious infractions three times before, he or she may be punished by "release". "Release" is a thing at which the characters hint throughout the book. Originally, it is thought of as a process where the "released" is sent to live outside of the community, but still in a good place. Eventually, it is revealed to be a system of euthanasia through lethal injection, employed not only as punishment, but also to ensure a monotony of means by which death occurs. Look up twelve in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A year (from Old English gēr) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... This article is about life in general. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... For mercy killings not performed on humans, see Animal euthanasia. ... This article is about the execution and euthanasia method. ... For other uses, see Death (disambiguation). ...


The book is told from a third-person limited point of view. The protagonist, Jonas, is followed as he awaits the Ceremony of Twelve. Jonas lives in a standard family unit with his mother (a judge) and father (a "Nurturer"). He is selected to be "Receiver of Memory", because of his unusual "Capacity to See-Beyond", which is an ability to do something unusual, such as see color, which all the other people were genetically changed not to see, or hear music (as in the case of Jonas's mentor). He trains for the position of Receiver by receiving memories from the aged incumbent, known to the community as "The Receiver", and to Jonas as "The Giver", who is burdened by the emotional weight of the memories. These memories are images from the world as it existed before the time called Sameness, "back and back and back", things that no one else in Jonas's world remembers. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A protagonist is the main figure of a piece of literature or drama and has the main part or role. ... Jonas may refer to: Jonas (name) In Christianity: Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer Saint Jonah, the Metropolitan bishop of Moscow Jonah, Old Testament prophet Jonas of Orléans, Bishop of Orléans (circa 760-841) In music: Jonas, young canadian rocker from Montréal Jonas, famous oratorio by Italian composer... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Memory (disambiguation). ... Color blindness in humans is the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ...


Through the Giver, who becomes his teacher and surrogate grandfather, Jonas telepathically receives memories of things eliminated from his world: violence, sadness, and loss, as well as true love, beauty, joy, adventure, animals, and family. Having knowledge of these complex and powerful concepts alienates Jonas from his friends and family, as well as making him more cynical towards his previously sheltered life, as he often discusses with the Giver. Eventually, these revelations prompt Jonas to seek to change the community and return emotion and meaning to the world. He and the Giver plan on doing this by having Jonas leave the community, which would cause all of the memories he was given to be released to the rest of the people, allowing them to feel the powerful emotions that Jonas and the Giver feel. For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ... Sadness is a mood that displays feeling of disadvantage and loss. ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ... For beauty as a characteristic of a persons appearance, see Physical attractiveness. ... Look up joy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up adventure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The word Animals when used alone has several possible meanings in the English language. ... For other uses, see Family (disambiguation). ...


Meanwhile, Jonas's family temporarily houses a baby named Gabriel, because he is unable to sleep throughout the night and disturbs the other babies in the "Nurturing Center". Jonas learns that unlike the other people in his community, "Gabe" can receive memories from Jonas, which he uses to help calm the baby. Because Gabriel still cannot sleep through the night without crying after the extra year he was given to learn how to sleep soundly, he is now destined to be Released. Desperate, Jonas flees the community with Gabe. At first, the escape seems successful. Soon, however, food runs out and they grow weak. They find a snow covered hill with a sled on top, which Jonas remembers from the first memory he ever Received. He and Gabriel board the sled and go down the hill where they hear singing. This article is about the archangel Gabriel. ...


The ending is ambiguous, and Jonas's future and even survival are left unresolved. Their survival is made apparent, however, in Messenger, a sequel novel written much later. Messenger is a 2004 novel by Childrens author Lois Lowry. ...


Main characters

  • Jonas - The main character, an Eleven who becomes a Twelve who is about to receive his training. As he begins his training with the Giver and slowly understands the truth about the community, Jonas feels that things must change. Planning together with the Giver, Jonas decides to flee from the community forever in order to unleash all the memories that have been kept from the citizens for so long. This plan, though, is changed by Jonas without the Giver's consent because he must save Gabriel from being released.
  • The Giver – The incumbent Receiver of Memory, who stores human experiences from the time before Sameness. The Community's Elders rely upon his "wisdom" in the event of emergencies; because no one wants the pain that comes with keeping the necessary memories, this "honor" is restricted to one individual. He is frustrated at the Elders for only consulting him during emergencies instead of all of the time, and seems somewhat disgusted by the actions of the community's people, though he tells Jonas that they "know nothing" and therefore cannot be blamed. His real name is never given in the story.
  • Jonas's Mother – An intelligent, practical, well rounded woman who serves her Community as a judge.
  • Jonas's Father – A caring man, something of the ideal father figure, who works as a Nurturer for children in their first year of life. Later, Jonas learns that his father is, sometimes, responsible for the Release of defective children.
  • Lily – Jonas's talkative, curious, energetic, enthusiastic and outgoing younger sister who likes to take care of Gabriel. She is also very good at story telling and could be picked as the next story teller for the community.
  • Asher – Jonas's best friend. Asher is a fun-loving, hasty boy who usually speaks too fast mixing up his words. He is assigned as an Assistant Director of Recreation.
  • Fiona – Female friend of both Jonas and Asher. Her red hair represents a failure of genetic engineering, as the Giver notes: "We never completely mastered Sameness. The genetic scientists are still... trying to work the kinks out. Hair like Fiona's must drive them crazy." She works as a Caretaker for the Old. Despite her kind demeanor, she is learning to Release the elderly without emotion. Jonas's first 'Stirrings', or sexual feelings, were expressed in his dreams of her. Jonas was supposed to take a pill for the stirrings, but stopped taking the pill after a couple of weeks (the stirrings returned). One may wonder if Jonas is still interested in Fiona after he finds out the truth, but the relationship between Jonas and Fiona was never revisited.
  • Gabriel – An infant from the Nurturing Center whom Jonas's father takes home for extra care. Slow in development and highly emotional, Gabriel is at risk of Release. Jonas takes him on his journey to Elsewhere. Gabriel is able to Receive memories from Jonas. He is also one of the only people other than Jonas, Katharine (a six who has pale eyes),  The Giver, and Rosemary to have pale eyes. It is implied that the pale eyes are an indicator of the ability to receive memories.

Woman with red hair Man with red hair Red hair (also referred to as auburn, ginger, ranga or titian) varies from a deep orange-red through burnt orange to bright copper. ... For other uses, see Eye (disambiguation). ...

Secondary characters

  • Rosemary – The Giver's daughter, she was also the Elders' previous selection to be the new Receiver of Memory, when Jonas was a Two. Her training failed, in a way which impacted the entire Community: defeated by the memories of loss and hurt which the Giver was forced to transfer, she asked for Release. Once she was released, choosing to inject the lethal material into herself by her own choice, the memories transferred to her became part of the public consciousness, akin to collective memory. Because of this, her name was designated Not-To-Be-Spoken, and could never again be given to a child.
  • Caleb – A child who drowned in the river near the town. Because of release, "natural" or accidental death is not known, so this shocks the community. They chant his name all day in a "Ceremony of Loss" until it fades from their memories.
  • Katharine - A Six with pale eyes when Jonas was a Twelve. She is mentioned by Jonas as a potential replacement for him, but is too young for training, forcing the community to bear the weight of Jonas's memories.
  • The Chief Elder - She is the person who is effectively the head of government in the Community. The Chief Elder is elected into her position; not selected.
  • The Elders - The Elders are responsible for all the important decision making in the Community. They are led by the Chief Elder.
  • The Speaker - The Speaker makes all the announcements for the Community. if the people need to know any new rules/laws the Speaker is the one that explain everything over the speakers that are located in each home and around the town.

This article is about the execution and euthanasia method. ... Collective memory is a term coined by Maurice Halbwachs, separating the notion from the individual memory. ...

Major themes

Color represents diversity and a depth of feeling beyond that which the majority of society enjoys. In The Giver, however, objects do not gain color through intense emotional experiences on the part of their observers; rather, Jonas learns to see the colors which objects intrinsically possess. Apparently, the transition to Sameness involved removing color vision from the people, although the Giver implies that genetic engineers also attempted (without total success) to remove the variability in the human population; even light eyes (which may or may not indicate that the person possessing such eyes is meant to be a Receiver; Jonas appears to think such) and red hair are rarities. Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... Color vision is the capacity of an organism or machine to distinguish objects based on the wavelengths (or frequencies) of the light they reflect or emit. ... An iconic image of genetic engineering; this autoluminograph from 1986 of a glowing transgenic tobacco plant bearing the luciferase gene, illustrating the possibilities of genetic engineering. ... Hazel Eyes redirects here. ... Woman with red hair Man with red hair Red hair (also referred to as auburn, ginger, ranga or titian) varies from a deep orange-red through burnt orange to bright copper. ...


A motif of nudity recurs in several places. During his volunteer hours (a time when children aged Eight to Eleven explore their Community and prepare for an eventual career), Jonas assists in the House of the Old, where the most aged members of the Community reside. Lowry describes how Jonas bathes an old woman, Larissa; he enjoys the trusting, carefree nature of the experience, which reminds him of his father caring for an infant. Jonas muses about how his Community has strict rules against nakedness in almost all circumstances. He personally finds them a nuisance, such as the admonition to keep oneself entirely covered while changing for athletic games, and does not understand why the Community would institute such precautions. Later, the tenderness of the bathing scene gains a sexual edge, when Jonas dreams about cajoling a female friend, the red-haired Fiona, to remove her clothes and climb into a tub so that he can bathe her. Jonas recounts this dream at his family's breakfast dream-telling, and his parents recognize it as an early sign of what they call the "Stirrings" which in this book is the name given to sexual feelings. Special pills that suppress one's hormones are taken to remove any such feelings, so a person is not upset with their choice of a spouse, who is chosen for them by The Elders. Nude redirects here. ...


Both wild and tame animals are considered non-existent until the Giver recreated them from his memory from before their disappearance. It appears that all the animals in the community except humans have died out due to habitat destruction, pollution, overhunting, abuse, disease, or being completive to native species. Fish do, however, exist; one of the elevens was named "Fish Hatchery Attendant" and Asher said he was distraught watching salmon. This is a list of animals that have been domesticated by humans. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... Habitat destruction is a process of land use change in which one habitat-type is removed and replaced with another habitat-type. ... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ... Cruelty to animals refers to treatment which causes unacceptable suffering to animals. ... This article is about the medical term. ... Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ...


Music plays a role in The Giver, despite its presence being very subdued. Just as it is possible to read well into the novel without realizing that its characters do not see color except for the scientist that the giver mentions them seeing color — often until the Giver mentions to Jonas that a thing called "color" once existed — it is also easy to miss the fact that the Community has no music. One of the few clues is when Larissa describes a Ceremony of Release for an old man who was leaving the Community. "We chanted the anthem," she says, a phrasing which implies an absence of melody. Later, when the Giver is instructing Jonas, he reveals that as a boy, the Giver had a faculty much like Jonas's ability to "See Beyond", called Hearing Beyond: he began to hear "something truly remarkable, which is called music". This sense is more mystical than Jonas's, in that it can be understood how objects have color which people are unable to see, but it cannot identify a natural source of music, unless the Giver discovered he could hear musical patterns in everyday sound, as Mozart reputedly did. Color vision is the capacity of an organism or machine to distinguish objects based on the wavelengths (or frequencies) of the light they reflect or emit. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... This article is about audible acoustic waves. ... “Mozart” redirects here. ...


Two important themes in The Giver is the selection of a citizens' career based on what they are most naturally suited for. This aspect of the novel could have been inspired by the Platonic ideal espoused in The Republic.[original research?] The other is that without pain and anguish one cannot truly feel love and joy. Also, to live in a "perfect" world with no poverty, violence, hunger or heartbreak would be to live without love, beauty, joy or compassion.[citation needed] For other uses, see Plato (disambiguation). ... Plato. ...


Literary significance and criticism

The critical reception of Lowry's work has been polarized. On the one hand, one finds critics like Anita Silvey, whose 100 Best Books for Children calls The Giver one of the 1990s' greatest science fiction novels for children and young adults.[2][3] A review in the Christian Science Monitor says, "Lowry's powerful book, simply and directly written, offers an inspiring defense of freedom. Both adventurous and skillfully plotted, this book is recommended for young readers 8 and up."[4] Anita Silvey of Fort Wayne, Indiana is an author and editor of the Horn Book Magazine from 1985 to 1995 when she became the vce-president of Houghton Mifflin. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ...


The Giver has become something of a canonical work among educators who believe that young adult audiences respond best to contemporary literature. These teachers postulate that "teenagers need a separate body of literature written to speak directly to the adolescent experience [...] and plots that revolve around realistic, contemporary topics". (Of course, Lowry's futuristic setting means that this particular young adult book can only address "contemporary topics" in an allegorical fashion, a point which raises questions of its own.) In this view, a "classics-only" curriculum can stunt a developing reader's appetite for words; there are naturally teachers who argue the opposite side of the argument, and press to keep older works on the reading lists.[5] Canonical is an adjective derived from canon. ... Allegory of Music by Filippino Lippi. ...


Lowry's most celebrated and controversial novel has also found a home in "City Reads" programs, library-sponsored reading clubs on city-wide or larger scales. Waukesha County, Wisconsin and Milwaukee County, Wisconsin chose to read The Giver, for example, as did Middletown, Connecticut; Bloomington, Illinois; Valparaiso, Indiana; Rochester, Minnesota; Central Valley, New York; Centre County, Pennsylvania; Montgomery County, Maryland and others.[6][7] Waukesha County is a county located in the state of Wisconsin. ... Milwaukee County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. ... Nickname: Forest City Coordinates: NECTA Hartford Region Midstate Region Incorporated (town) 1651 Incorporated (city) 1784 Consolidated 1923 Government type Mayor-council Mayor Sebastian N. Giuliano Area    - City 42. ... United States Illinois McLean 22. ... Nickname: Motto: Vale of Paradise Location in Indiana Coordinates: , Country State County Porter Government  - Mayor Jon Costas (R) Area  - City  11. ... Coordinates: , Country State County Olmsted Founded 1854 Government  - Mayor Ardell Brede Area  - Total 39. ... Central Valley is a hamlet (and census-designated place) in Orange County, New York, United States. ... Centre County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Montgomery County of the U.S. state of Maryland is situated just north of Washington, D.C. and Southwest of Baltimore. ...


Some adult reviewers writing for adults have commented that the story is not likely to stand up to the sort of probing literary criticism used in "serious" circles. For instance, 50 children are born each year by the group of "birthmothers" who each have 3 children — therefore 17 new "birthmothers" are required each year, even though this profession is looked down upon in the book. Karen Ray, writing in the New York Times, detects "occasional logical lapses", but quickly adds that the book "is sure to keep older children reading. And thinking".[8] In a similar vein, Natalie Babbitt of the Washington Post calls Lowry's work "a warning in narrative form", saying:

The story has been told before in a variety of forms—Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 comes to mind—but not, to my knowledge, for children. It's well worth telling, especially by a writer of Lowry's great skill. If it is exceedingly fragile—if, in other words, some situations don't survive that well-known suspension of disbelief—well, so be it. The Giver has things to say that can't be said too often, and I hope there will be many, many young people who will be willing to listen.[9] Ray Douglas Bradbury (born August 22, 1920) is an American literary, fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer best known for The Martian Chronicles, a 1950 book which has been described both as a short story collection and a novel, and his 1953 dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451. ... This article is about the novel. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Another recurrent theme was the very fragile balance between utopia and dystopia. At the beginning of the book Jonas has entire trust in his community. But then a change provoked by his new-come knowledge made him see how very deprived the Community and its members were of all "real" life. Throughout the book the reader is led to wondering whether an actual utopia exists.[citation needed]


Awards

Lois Lowry has won several awards for her work on The Giver. Most notable are the following:

  • The 1994 Newbery Medal
  • The 1996 William Allen White Award [10]
  • American Library Association listings for "Best Book for Young Adults", "Notable Children's Book," and "100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of 1990-2000."
  • A Boston Globe-Horn Book Honor Book
  • Winner of the Regina Medal
  • Booklist Editors' Choice
  • A School Library Journal Best Book of the Year

The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children of the American Library Association (ALA) to the author of the outstanding American book for children. ... ALA Logo The American Library Association (ALA) is a group based in the United States that promotes libraries and library education internationally. ... Young adult (YA) literature is literature written for, published for, or marketed to adolescents. ... Booklist is the digital counterpart of the American Library Associations Booklist magazine that provides a critical review of books. ...

Adaptations

Oregon Children's Theatre (Portland, Oregon) premiered a stage adaptation of "The Giver" by Eric Coble in March 2006 to critical acclaim.[11] Subsequent productions of Coble's one-hour script have been presented by The Coterie Theatre (Missouri), First Stage (Wisconsin), People's Light and Theatre (Pennsylvania), Theatre of Youth (New York), and Stages Repertory (Texas), and others throughout the U.S.. Eric Coble is a playwright and screenwriter. ...


In the fall of 1994, actor Bill Cosby and his ASIS Productions film company established an agreement with Lancit Media Productions to adapt The Giver to film. In the years following, members of the partnership changed and the production team grew in size, but little motion was seen toward making the film. At one point, screenwriter Ed Neumeier was signed to create the screenplay. Later, Neumeier was replaced by Todd Alcott[12] and Walden Media became the central production company.[13][14] Bill Cosby (born William Henry Cosby, Jr on July 12, 1937) is an American comedian, actor, television producer, and activist. ... Todd Alcott (Born October 22, 1961 in Crystal Lake, Illinois) is an American screenwriter, playwright, actor, and director. ... Walden Media is a film production and publishing company best known as the producers of The Chronicles of Narnia film series. ...


An Internet Movie Database entry for The Giver appeared in late 2004, which claimed a release date in 2007. Bridges himself is, at present, the only credited cast member to be listed. The Giver is currently in pre-production and is slated for release in 2009. It is to be directed by David Yates. Actor Ron Rifkin read the text for the audio book edition. For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... David Yates (born 1963 in St Helens, Merseyside) is an English film and television director. ... Ron Rifkin, born October 31, 1939, in New York City, New York, USA, is a film, stage, and television actor and director. ... Cassette recording of Patrick OBrians The Mauritius Command An audio book is a recording of the contents of a book read aloud. ...


Now according to imdb.com, it has been delayed to 2011.


References

  1. ^ from Lowry's "Newbery Award" acceptance speech
  2. ^ Anita Silvey, 100 Best Books for Children, page 147 (Houghton Mifflin, 2004). ISBN 0-618-27889-3.
  3. ^ [1] Google Books view of original quote
  4. ^ "A Monitor's Guide to Children's Bestsellers", Christian Science Monitor 24 September 1998 p. B12.
  5. ^ Marie C. Franklin, "CHILDREN'S LITERATURE: Debate continues over merit of young-adult fare", Boston Globe 23 February 1997 p. G1.
  6. ^ "'One Book' Reading Promotion Projects", form the Library of Congress's Center for the Book
  7. ^ Judith Rosen, "Many Cities, Many Picks", Publishers Weekly 10 March 2003 p. 19.
  8. ^ Karen Ray, "Children's Books", New York Times 31 October 1993.
  9. ^ Natalie Babbitt, "The Hidden Cost of Contentment", Washington Post 9 May 1993, p. X15.
  10. ^ William Allen White awards list, courtesy Emporia State University
  11. ^ Willamette Week. Retrieved on 2008-04-18.
  12. ^ Article on the film adaptation
  13. ^ "Jeff Bridges and Lancit Media to co-produce No. 1 best seller 'THE GIVER' as feature film", Entertainment Editors 28 September 1994.
  14. ^ Ian Mohr, "Walden gives 'Giver' to Neumeier", Hollywood Reporter 10 July 2003.

Image File history File links The_Giver. ... Image File history File links Sound-icon. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Emporia State University (ESU) is a comprehensive Regents university serving residents of Eastern Kansas. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Preceded by
Missing May
Newbery Medal recipient
1994
Succeeded by
Walk Two Moons
Missing May is a childrens book, the recipient of the 1993 Newbery Medal. ... The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children of the American Library Association (ALA) to the author of the outstanding American book for children. ... See also: 1993 in literature, other events of 1994, 1995 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Walk Two Moons is a novel written by Sharon Creech and published in 1994 which won the 1995 Newbery Medal. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Manila Times Internet Edition | LIFE & TIMES > Are you a giver or a taker? (493 words)
When two lovers who are more takers than givers join together, their love is doomed to fail because it isn’t sustainable.
There are rich givers who are extremely generous with their time and money and there are the rich who are too busy getting to be anything but avaricious takers who can never seem to have enough, even if they have more than enough.
There are the noble ones in every profession who are givers and who work alongside takers who take advantage and ride on the work of the givers.
Lois Lowry's Newbery-winning 'Giver' still ignites debate (1168 words)
But "The Giver," which won the 1994 Newbery Medal, also is among the most challenged books in the nation, according to the American Library Association.
Lowry, 68, got the idea for "The Giver" years ago when she was traveling regularly to visit her parents, who were in a nursing home.
In "The Giver," the characters live in a place that seems an ideal world, where there is no poverty, conflict or injustice.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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