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Encyclopedia > The General Lee
The General Lee
1969 Dodge Charger
Manufacturer Chrysler Corporation
Also called Dodge Charger
Production 1969
Class Muscle car
Body style(s) 2-door coupé
Platform FR B-body
Transmission(s) 3-speed 727 automatic

The General Lee is the automobile driven by the Duke cousins Bo and Luke in the television series The Dukes of Hazzard. It is known for the chases and stunts, especially high jumps, in almost every episode. The car's name is a reference to the Confederate General Robert E. Lee. The idea for the General Lee was developed from the famous bootlegger Jerry Rushing's car, which was named for General Lee's favorite horse, Traveler. Traveler was also the name of the car in Moonrunners, the 1975 movie precursor to The Dukes of Hazzard. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links General_lee. ... Automakers, also known as carmakers, automobile manufacturers, motor manufacturers, or the automobile industry are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... The Chrysler Corporation was a United States-based automobile manufacturer that existed independently from 1925–1998. ... For other models using this name, see Dodge Charger. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. ... The Pontiac GTO is a classic example of the muscle car. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... The Peugeot 406 Coupé, designed by Pininfarina 1990 Mercedes-Benz 560SEC coupé, noted for its large, angular design 1997 Rover Vitesse Coupe, club coupé Rover P5 Coupe, a traditional four-door coupé Mercedes CLS, a modern four-door coupé Gala-Coupé of Leopold II, Brussels 1970s Sunbeam Alpine fastback coup... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... Sketch of FR layout In automobile design, an FR, or front-engine, rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. ... Chryslers B platform was the basis for rear wheel drive cars from 1962 through 1979. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... Cast of The Dukes of Hazzard, starting from the left going counter-clockwise: Sorrell Booke (Boss Hogg), Tom Wopat (Luke Duke), Catherine Bach (Daisy Duke), John Schneider (Bo Duke), James Best , Sonny Shroyer (Deputy Enos Strate), Denver Pyle (Uncle Jesse), Christopher Mayer (Vance Duke), Byron Cherry (Coy Duke), and Ben... Tom Wopat as Luke Duke in The Dukes of Hazzard Lukas K. Luke Duke is a fictional character in the American television series The Dukes of Hazzard which ran from 1979 to 1985. ... The Dukes of Hazzard is an American television series that originally aired on the CBS television network from 1979 to 1985. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... // This article is about the Confederate general. ... Rum-running is the business of smuggling or transporting of alcoholic beverages illegally, usually to circumvent taxation or prohibition. ... Template:Neutrality Jerry Rushing 2005 An American icon with a T.V show, and 2 movies based on the events of his life. ... Traveller and Robert E. Lee Traveller (1857 – 1871) was Confederate General Robert E. Lees most famous horse during the American Civil War. ... “Moonrunners” is a 1975 film, and the precursor to The Dukes of Hazzard. ... The Dukes of Hazzard is an American television series that originally aired on the CBS television network from 1979 to 1985. ...

Contents

History

According to Ben Jones ("Cooter" in the show), as well as builders involved with the show, 309 General Lees were used to film the series. Approximately twenty-three still exist in various states of repair. Among survivors is the very first General Lee, known as Lee1. This car is seen in the debut episode and jumping a police cruiser at the end of the opening credits of every episode with John Schneider and Tom Wopat. On average, more than one General Lee was used up per show. When filming a jump, anywhere from 500 to 1,000 pounds of lead or concrete ballast was placed in the trunk to prevent the car from nosing over. Later in the series the mechanics would raise the front end of the car to keep it from scraping against the ramp causing it to lose speed, doing this also provided a cushion for the driver upon landing. Stunt drivers report enjoying the flights but hating the landings. Despite the ballast, the landing attitude of the car was somewhat unpredictable, resulting in moderate to extremely violent forces, depending on how it landed. (On a DVD player, using slower settings will reveal that on many of the jumps the cars literally bent upon impact.) All cars used in large jumps were immediately retired due to structural damage. From 1979 to 1985, Chargers of 1968 and 1969 vintage were sourced and converted to General Lee specifications. Despite popular belief, and according to all builders involved over the years, as well as the VIN list supplied to Wayne Wooten of all Chargers used on the show, no 1970 models were ever used. Obtaining cars was not an issue until later years. By that time, the car was the star of the show and Warner Bros. moved building of the cars in-house to keep the cars consistent in appearance. Late in the show's run, when it got too hard and/or expensive to continue procuring more Chargers, the producers started using jump footage from previous episodes (something that had been done occasionally previously, but not to such an extent). Ben Jones as Cooter in the Dukes of Hazard Ben Jones (born August 30, 1941) is an American actor and politician. ... Cooter Davenport is a fictional character from the American TV show The Dukes of Hazzard. ... John Schneider is the name of the following unrelated people: John Schneider is an actor best known for his television roles, particularly The Dukes of Hazzard. ... Tom Wopat (left) as Luke Duke with John Schneider as Bo Duke in The Dukes of Hazzard Tom Wopat (born September 9, 1951 in Lodi, Wisconsin) is an American actor. ... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ...


Differing Eras of The General Lee

The three eras of TV show and movie style General Lees are:


Episodes 1-5 were filmed in Georgia November and December of 1978. Georgia episode cars consisted of 6 Dodge Chargers. The first General Lees were built by Warner Bros and shipped to Georgia where John Marendi (picture car coordinator) labeled the first 3 cars LEE 1, LEE 2, and Lee 3 in no particular order for film editing purposes. Lee1[1], was a 2nd unit car with a full roll-cage. Originally a 383 V8-powered 1969 Charger equipped with air conditioning(A/C), gold body with tan interior, 3 speaker dash, and chrome rocker trim. The car is the only General Lee to have appeared in every episode. After the car had run its course, it was retired to a junkyard in Georgia, but later bought and restored. "Lee 2" was also a 2nd unit car with a full roll-cage and black interior. "Lee 3" was the closeup car. This car is the one seen in early promos with the doors open and no numbers on the doors. This car was a Charger R/T SE. It was powered by a 440 Magnum V8 and also had A/C with power windows. This car also had a tan interior and a removable roll bar that allowed installation of a camera for in-car shots. After the first 3 General Lees started to get badly damaged the crew had to start making more. The first General Lee built in Georgia was a 1968 Charger orginally red in color and was converted to look like a 1969. The tail light panel, front grill, and front seats were taken from the wreckage of "Lee 1" (after the famous jump over Rosco P. Coltrane at the end of the opening credits). The paint on these cars was 1975 Corvette Flame Red. Interiors not originally tan were sprayed with SEM brand "Saddle tan" vinyl dye. All of the 6 Georgia Lees had a set of crossed flags (a Confederate flag and checkered flag) on the panel between the rear window and trunk lid. The 3 surviving cars went back to California and had the crossed flags removed upon reconditioning. The wheels were 14x7 inch American Racing brand "Vectors" throughout the show and were mounted on P235/70R14 B.F. Goodrich Radial T/A tires with the blackwall side facing out. James Best, portraying the character that made him famous, Sheriff Rosco P. Coltrane, along with his sidekick, Flash. Spoiler warning: On the American TV series The Dukes of Hazzard, Rosco Purvis Coltrane is the bumbling sheriff of Hazzard County and right-hand man of its corrupt county commissioner, Jefferson Davis... The flagman waves the green flag at the start of the Aarons 499 at Talladega Superspeedway on April 6, 2003. ... American Racing Equipment Inc. ...


The Valuzet era

Andre and Renaud Valuzet built General Lees for Warner Bros. from the start of the 2nd season into the 4th season. Viewers can also see two Georgia cars used often up into the early second season. Lee3 and a specially caged car never appearing (but built) in Georgia were used heavily in early California episodes. The Valuzets were very inconsistent in how they built cars, so this is when the most variations are found. Color tends to be 1975 Corvette Flame Red, just like Georgia cars, but there does appear to be some variance here: interiors were rather consistently dyed a brown color and sometimes SEM Saddle Tan. It has been said the Valuzet's charged Warner Bros. $250 a week per car for rental and a lump sum of $2000-3000 upon destruction of the vehicles. This included police cars as well. Warner Bros. mechanics had to maintain the cars at company expense.

  • Trivia: The money generated by building General Lees financed the Valuzet family project of restoring Gene Autry's Melody Ranch. This ranch is where many classic Westerns were shot as well as Gunsmoke. It burned down in the 1960s. Today, it is a fully-functional movie ranch where shows like HBO's Deadwood are filmed.

Orvon Gene Autry (September 29, 1907 – October 2, 1998) was an American performer who gained fame as The Singing Cowboy on the radio, in movies and on television. ...

The Warner Bros. era

By 1983, Warner Bros. turned total control of building General Lees to a man named Ken Fritz because the Valuzets were caught selling back wrecked cars that had been somewhat fixed-up and tagged with forged VINs. Fritz didn't have the job long before he too was fired and at this point Warner Bros. moved full production in-house. The General Lee was now the highlight of the series. Warner Bros. was receiving an enormous amount of fan mail that nit-picked the inconsistencies of the cars. Because the General Lee was now so famous, WB had their staff mechanics build the cars to a strict appearance, even on the underside. All graphics had to meet specifications, all side markers and undercarriage chrome was to be removed, and all roll bars and push bars had to match. However, some changes were made before the specifications were laid-out: the push bar became wider, the interior became a light beige color, and the roll bars were covered in a black foam padding. During this period, the only true way for fans to distinguish the 1968 conversions from the 1969 originals is by the shape of the dashpad. As the WB era rolled on, finding the cars became an issue: Piper Cubs were hired to search out 1968 and 1969 Chargers amongst the populace; the jumped cars were now no longer scrapped after one jump if deemed salvageable, and were patched up and used until they could no longer function; and, as part of a last resort, miniature models were also brought in toward the end of the series, replacing most of the big stunts, thereby saving more cars. Taking full control also saved some money as now WB had the ability to buy cars, recondition them, and use them without paying daily rental fees. Considering that there were often a dozen General Lees on the premises, this was far more economical than renting.[citation needed] Depending on the capitalization, Vin can refer to any of the following: Vin = input voltage (an alternative form for Vin) Old European Script A diminutive of the name Vincent, as in: Vin Diesel Vin Scully The name of a character from the video games Jak II and Jak 3: Vin... Piper Cub. ...


The General Lee from The Dukes Of Hazzard Motion Picture

At the beginning of the movie, the General was a faded orange with a hand-painted "01" on the doors, black steel wheels, standard front bumper, and no Confederate flag. Midway through the film, Cooter repairs the General after it's vandalized by Boss Hogg's hirelings. He repaints it a bright orange and adds the well-known trademarks (American Racing "Vector" 10-spoke "turbine" wheels, octagonal "01", black grille guard, Confederate flag on the roof, "Dixie" horn, and "General Lee" above the door window openings). In an era of Political Correctness, the Confederate flag on the roof is made an object of conflict in the movie plot on two occasions when drivers passing by make remarks alternating between cheering the south and condemning racist rednecks, and when local African American youth are about to give them a physical opinion of their roof graphics and driving in blackface. The movie General not only flies and makes controlled landings, but in the age of The Fast and the Furious, also drifts (a style of driving first popularized in Japan in small import scene cars) with the aid of professional drifter Rhys Millen. During jump scenes, some stunt cars were jumped under their own power by stunt drivers; others had their engines and transmissions removed. The engineless Chargers were then launched without drivers by a gas-driven catapult similar in principle to those used on aircraft carriers. Approximately twenty-four 1968 to 1970 Chargers were used in the film. Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This reproduction of a 1900 minstrel show poster, originally published by the Strobridge Litho Co. ... The Fast and the Furious is a 2001 car film starring Paul Walker and Vin Diesel, and directed by Rob Cohen. ... The Import scene or Import racing scene refers to the subculture that revolves around modifying imported brand cars (commonly referred to as imports), especially those of Japanese brands, for street racing in foreign countries. ... Rhys Millen (born in New Zealand) is one of the worlds top competitors in drifting. ...


Unlike the TV show era Lees, the movie cars used aftermarket graphic kits. Originally, diehard fans shunned these decal kits for their inaccuracy. The movie gave them new credibility and are no longer considered to be an inaccurate choice. Otherwise, except for the white letters on the Goodrich Radial T/A tires, the exterior of the movie's "close-up" General Lees varied little from the TV show style cars. The body paint was Big Bad Orange rather than Corvette Flame Red, the interior ceiling was blacked out rather than the tan headliner, a different style roll bar was used; a 3-spoke Grant wood steering wheel replaced the standard wheel, an AM/FM stereo radio with Compact Disc player was installed in the dashboard; and the interiors were a custom color vinyl fabric made to look like the dye/paint used in the later eras of the TV show. One still can differentiate the '68 Chargers by looking at the dash pad, but now 1970 Chargers were thrown in the mix. Overall the cars resembled an average General Lee clone car from the late 90's to early 2000s, but the heart of The General Lee is still obvious. “CD” redirects here. ...


Eleven of the cars used for the movie had been purchased from the Luedtke Auto Group. Many of the cars needed extensive restoration and most had been cut up to allow for inside camera views.


Two of the General Lees (one a 1969 R/T SE and one a 1970 made to look like a '69) were temporarily sold to Warner Brothers by Everett "J.R." Barton of Wichita, Kansas. The 1970 Charger was used to make the freeway jump, and was destroyed; the DVD features "outtakes" of the stunt.


Engines

Engines in the TV show General Lees were all sorts: 318, 383, 400, and 440 V8s were all used. The special purpose built "Ski Car" (the car that drives on the two-side wheels) had a 318, as it was lighter weight. Most of the workhorse stunt cars had 400s. The stunt drivers tended to prefer 440s (a higher performance engine) for jumps, which were often saved for the higher and longer jumps. They also preferred that folks didn't drop a coiled steamer in the driver's seat. Also, though early sound effects led many people to believe otherwise, only a handful of Chargers had manual transmissions; most had 727 TorqueFlite automatic transmissions.


Exit and entry

The General Lee, except in the beginning of the movie, does not have opening doors. In the TV series, it is explained that racing cars have their doors welded shut. In the movie, the car has been repaired after being trashed, but the doors could not be fixed fast enough. The driver and passenger must slide in the window (as in NASCAR). For a running entry, Bo and Luke also slide over the hood rather than walk around the front of the car. Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ...


Exhaust systems

Exhaust systems were basic: some had glasspacks, but most had standard exhausts with the pipe cut just before the rear end. The sounds that can be heard in most of the California-era Lees is a glasspack/cherry bomb sound; the sounds came from the "close-up" Lees. However, the sounds were dubbed in after the scene was filmed. A glasspack is a kind of automobile muffler in which the exhaust gas passes straight through the center of the muffler. ...


Cultural References

  • John Schneider was a regular actor on the TV series Smallville. When Tom Wopat was a guest on the show, the two take a ride in the latter character's car, a 1968 Dodge Charger which clearly resembled the General, despite its being painted blue.
  • Johnny Cash performed a song for the car on a Dukes of Hazzard soundtrack, called "The General Lee".
  • In an episode of Family Guy ("To Live and Die in Dixie"), Peter Griffin modified his car to look like The General Lee, and at one point crashed the station wagon General into the cabin where the Griffins were taking refuge. He and his dog Brian then rode it along a back road in the style of The Dukes of Hazzard, complete with voiceover commentary by Waylon Jennings. This is referenced in a later episode ("The Fat Guy Strangler") when Brian throws a stone at Peter claiming "That's for rolling up the window when I tried to jump in The General Lee."
  • In the movie Eurotrip, old Skoda Favorit (station wagon version) painted as The General Lee appears, making fun of the fact that Eastern Europe is so far behind the rest of the world the Dukes of Hazzard is the latest TV show on. The owner has also misunderstood the number putting 07 on the door.
  • A Late Night with Conan O'Brien skit had a O.J. Simpson car chase acted out with toy cars at one point O.J turns his white Bronco into the General Lee.

Smallville is an American television series created by writer/producers Alfred Gough and Miles Millar, and was initially broadcast by The WB. After its fifth season, the WB and UPN merged to form The CW, which is the current broadcaster for the show in the United States. ... Tom Wopat (left) as Luke Duke with John Schneider as Bo Duke in The Dukes of Hazzard Tom Wopat (born September 9, 1951 in Lodi, Wisconsin) is an American actor. ... For other models using this name, see Dodge Charger. ... For the song of the same name, recorded by Tracy Byrd and later by Jason Aldean, see Johnny Cash (song). ... The Dukes of Hazzard is an American television series that originally aired on the CBS television network from 1979 to 1985. ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... Family Guy is an Emmy award winning American animated television series about a nuclear family in the fictional town of Quahog (IPA or ), Rhode Island. ... To Live and Die in Dixie is an episode of the third season of Family Guy that first aired November 15, 2001. ... The Dukes of Hazzard is an American television series that originally aired on the CBS television network from 1979 to 1985. ... VoiceOver is a feature built into Apple Computers Mac OS X v10. ... Waylon Jennings in 1965. ... “The Fat Guy Strangler” is an episode from season four of FOX animated television series Family Guy. ... EuroTrip is a 2004 American comedy film produced by the same people as Road Trip and Old School. ... The Škoda Favorit is a small car, production of which started in early 1990. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Late Night with Conan OBrien is an Emmy Award-winning American late night talk show that is syndicated worldwide. ... Orenthal James Simpson (born July 9, 1947), commonly known as O. J. Simpson and also just by his initials O.J. and his nickname The Juice, is a retired American football player who achieved stardom at the collegiate and professional levels. ...

"General" trivia

  • The General Lee's license plate was CNH 320.[2]
  • The first General Lee ever built, Lee1, was salvaged out of a Georgia junkyard in August 2001.[2] The car has since been fully restored to its onscreen appearance. It was officially unveiled to the public November 11, 2006 with John Schneider behind the wheel.
  • Though they did not perform any of the jumps for which the car is famous, actors John Schneider and Tom Wopat (Bo and Luke Duke) routinely drove The General quite aggressively on camera.
  • In the opening credits, during Luke's slide across the hood of the General Lee, he actually trips while sliding, catching his right foot on the fender. Also during the hood-slide, he actually catches himself on the antenna on the near-side of The General Lee. Such antennas were removed from later General Lees for such reasons.[citation needed]
  • In the last couple of seasons, pushed to out-do previous stunts, and also with some rivalry with the array of stunts seen by new TV super-car K.I.T.T. in Knight Rider, model miniatures were employed, to allow the General Lee to supposedly perform even greater jumps and stunts. However, many did not like these fake-looking stunts, and when directing an episode, Tom Wopat (Luke) disliked them so much that he deliberately wrote them out of the script.[citation needed]
  • ERTL produced a 1/64 series Hot Wheels-sized replicas of the General Lee and other cars such as police cruisers and Boss Hog's Cadillac. There were also various other toys, such as wrist launched plastic car.
1:18 scale model of the 1969 Dodge Charger used in The Dukes of Hazzard
1:18 scale model of the 1969 Dodge Charger used in The Dukes of Hazzard
  • A 1:25 scale plastic kitset model has been a staple of AMT's model line for years, and its boxart has frequently tied in with the various Dukes of Hazzard productions. However, the model itself has been a bugbear to experienced modellers, particularly as the bodyshell is that of a Charger 500 (rear window flush with the bodywork) rather than the regular Chargers of the TV show.
  • John Schneider has used his own General Lee to compete in the Silver State Classic race on numerous occasions with the 01 number allocated by the officials[citation needed], minus original livery.
  • John Schneider mentioned that the General Lee was originally going to be gray, however this was found to be too dull and instead the orange-looking Corvette Flame Red was used.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... John Richard Schneider (Born April 8, 1960 in Mount Kisco, New York) is an American actor who shot to fame during the 1980s as Bo Duke in the American television series The Dukes of Hazzard. ... John Richard Schneider (Born April 8, 1960 in Mount Kisco, New York) is an American actor who shot to fame during the 1980s as Bo Duke in the American television series The Dukes of Hazzard. ... Tom Wopat (left) as Luke Duke with John Schneider as Bo Duke in The Dukes of Hazzard Tom Wopat (born September 9, 1951 in Lodi, Wisconsin) is an American actor. ... For the American media company, see Knight Ridder. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 634 KB) [edit] Summary 1:18 scale model of the 1969 Dodge Charger presented in the 1979-1984 TV Series The Dukes of Hazzard Photo taken by User:Owly K [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 634 KB) [edit] Summary 1:18 scale model of the 1969 Dodge Charger presented in the 1979-1984 TV Series The Dukes of Hazzard Photo taken by User:Owly K [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English... A GMC Astro tractor-trailer model from AMT Aluminum Metal Toys, or AMT for short, is a Troy, Michigan-based company that manufactures various plastic models, particularly those of big trucks. ... The Dukes of Hazzard is an American television series that originally aired on the CBS television network from 1979 to 1985. ... The Silver State Classic Challenge is an authorized time trial event that is run on a 90 mile stretch of Nevada State Route 318, which is closed for the occasion. ...

References

  1. ^ About Lee1
  2. ^ [1]

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The General Lee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1805 words)
The General Lee is the car driven by the Duke cousins Bo and Luke in the television series The Dukes of Hazzard.
Though The General Lee is often used as a daily driver by Bo and Luke, the implied primary purpose of the car is dirt-track racing.
Because the General Lee was now so famous, WB had their staff mechanics build the cars to a strict appearance, even on the underside.
Robert E. Lee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4485 words)
Lee's sentiments were against secession, which he denounced in an 1861 letter as "nothing but revolution" and a betrayal of the efforts of the Founders.
Lee's attacks resulted in heavy Confederate casualties and they were marred by clumsy tactical performances by his subordinates, but his aggressive actions unnerved McClellan, who retreated to a point on the James River where Union naval forces were in control.
Lee died from the effects of pneumonia, on the morning of October 12, 1870, two weeks after the stroke, in Lexington, Virginia, and was buried underneath Lee Chapel at Washington and Lee University, where his body remains today.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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