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Encyclopedia > The Four Tops
The Four Tops

The Four Tops in concert at New Rochelle (N.Y.) High School circa 1967
Background information
Also known as Four Tops, The Four Aims, The Tops
Origin Detroit, Michigan, USA
Genre(s) R&B/pop/soul
Years active 1954 - present
Label(s) Red Top
Riverside
Columbia
Motown
ABC
Casablanca
Arista
Members
Abdul "Duke" Fakir
Roquel Payton
Theo Peoples
Ronnie McNair
Former members
Levi Stubbs (retired)
Renaldo "Obie" Benson (deceased)
Lawrence Payton (deceased)

The Four Tops are an American vocal quartet, whose repertoire has included doo-wop, jazz, soul music, R&B, disco, adult contemporary, and showtunes. Founded in Detroit, Michigan as The Four Aims, lead singer Levi Stubbs (a cousin of Jackie Wilson), and groupmates Abdul "Duke" Fakir, Renaldo "Obie" Benson and Lawrence Payton remained together for over four decades, finally forced to endure a lineup change when Payton died in 1997. At that time, Theo Peoples was added to the lineup; Peoples later replaced Stubbs, who fell ill from a stroke, and Ronnie McNair assumed Peoples' spot. In July 2005, Benson died of lung cancer with Payton's son Roquel replacing him. As of 2006, Fakir, McNair, Payton and Peoples still perform together as the Four Tops. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 741 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2826 × 2286 pixel, file size: 747 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)This is photo of Four Tops in concert circa 1967 at New Rochelle High School. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: , Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Founded 1701 Incorporation 1806 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (D) Area  - City  143. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... For popular forms of music in general, see Popular music. ... The soul, according to many religious and philosophical traditions, is the self-aware essence unique to a particular living being. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Red Top is the training camp used by the Harvard crew for their annual race with Yale. ... The Incredible Jazz Guitar Of Wes Montgomery, a 1960 Riverside release. ... Motown Records, also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan (Motor City), where it achieved widespread international success. ... ABC Records started in 1955 as ABC-Paramount Records, the recording arm of American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres. ... This article is about Casablanca, the record label. ... Arista Records is an American record label that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony BMG, and operates under the RCA Records Group // After being fired from CBS Records, Columbia Pictures hired Clive Davis to be a consultant for the company’s record and music operations. ... Abdul Duke Fakir (born December 26, 1935, in Detroit, Michigan) is best known as a member of popular Motown act The Four Tops from 1954 to the present day. ... Theo Peoples is an African-American R&B/soul singer. ... Levi Stubbs (born Levi Stubbles, June 6, 1936 in Detroit, Michigan) is famous as the lead singer from Motown band The Four Tops. ... Obie Benson (third from left) and The Four Tops, on the cover for the UK single release of their 1967 hit Bernadette. Renaldo Obie Benson (June 14, 1936 - July 1, 2005) was an African-American soul and R&B singer and songwriter. ... Lawrence Albert Payton (June 2, 1938 - June 20, 1997) was a tenor in the popular Motown quartet, The Four Tops. ... A quartet is a group of four identical or similar objects, or a grouping of four persons for a common purpose. ... Doo-wop is a style of vocal-based rhythm and blues music popular in the mid-1950s to the early 1960s in America. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Disco is a genre of dance-oriented pop music that was popularized in dance clubs (discothèques) in the mid-1970s, and which dominated mainstream pop until the late 1970s. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ... Showtunes are songs written for musical theater productions, such as: The Phantom of the Opera Jesus Christ Superstar Oklahoma! Guys and Dolls Cabaret See also Musical theater Categories: Stub ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: , Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Founded 1701 Incorporation 1806 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (D) Area  - City  143. ... Levi Stubbs (born Levi Stubbles, June 6, 1936 in Detroit, Michigan) is famous as the lead singer from Motown band The Four Tops. ... For the British author, see Jacqueline Wilson. ... Abdul Duke Fakir (born December 26, 1935, in Detroit, Michigan) is best known as a member of popular Motown act The Four Tops from 1954 to the present day. ... Obie Benson (third from left) and The Four Tops, on the cover for the UK single release of their 1967 hit Bernadette. Renaldo Obie Benson (June 14, 1936 - July 1, 2005) was an African-American soul and R&B singer and songwriter. ... Lawrence Albert Payton (June 2, 1938 - June 20, 1997) was a tenor in the popular Motown quartet, The Four Tops. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Theo Peoples is an African-American R&B/soul singer. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lung cancer is the malignant transformation and expansion of lung tissue, and is the most lethal of all cancers worldwide, responsible for 1. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Among a number of groups who helped define the Motown Sound of the 1960s, including The Miracles, The Marvelettes, Martha and the Vandellas, The Temptations, and The Supremes, the Four Tops were notable for having Stubbs, a baritone, as their lead singer; most groups of the time were fronted by a tenor. The group was the main male vocal group for the songwriting and production team of Holland-Dozier-Holland, who crafted for the group a stream of hit singles, including two Billboard Hot 100 number-one hits: "I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)" and "Reach Out I'll Be There". After Holland-Dozier-Holland left Motown in 1967, the Four Tops were assigned to a number of producers, primarily Frank Wilson. When Motown left Detroit in 1972 to move to Los Angeles, California, the Tops stayed in Detroit and moved over to ABC Records, where they continued to have charting singles into the late-1970s. Since the 1980s, the Four Tops have recorded for, at various times, Motown, Casablanca Records and Arista Records. The Motown Sound is a style of soul music with distinctive characteristics, including the use of tambourine along with drums, bass instrumentation, a distinctive melodic and chord structure, and a call and response singing style originating in gospel music. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The Miracles (known from 1965 to 1972 as Smokey Robinson & the Miracles) are an American R&B/soul group from Detroit, Michigan, notable as the first successful group act for Berry Gordys Motown Records. ... The Marvelettes was an American singing girl group on the Motown label. ... Martha and the Vandellas (known from 1967 to 1972 as Martha Reeves and the Vandellas) were one of the most successful groups in the Motown roster during the 1960s and fully active from 1960 to 1972, performing at various times doo-wop, blues, pop, rock and roll and soul. ... “Temptations” redirects here. ... The Supremes, later billed as Diana Ross and The Supremes, were a Motown all-female singing group. ... Baritone (French: ; German: ; Italian: ) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or examples of poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... Holland-Dozier-Holland is a songwriting and production team made up of Lamont Dozier and brothers Brian Holland and Edward Holland, Jr. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... I Cant Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch) is a 1965 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... Reach Out Ill Be There (also formatted as Reach Out (Ill Be There)) is a 1966 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Frank Wilson is an African-American former songwriter and record producer for Motown Records. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State California County Los Angeles County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... ABC Records started in 1955 as ABC-Paramount Records, the recording arm of American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about Casablanca, the record label. ... Arista Records is an American record label that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony BMG, and operates under the RCA Records Group // After being fired from CBS Records, Columbia Pictures hired Clive Davis to be a consultant for the company’s record and music operations. ...

Contents

History

Early years

All four members of the group began their careers together while they were high school students in Detroit. At the insistence of their friends, Pershing High students Levi Stubbs and Abdul "Duke" Fakir performed with Renaldo "Obie" Benson and Lawrence Payton from Northern High at a local birthday party. The quartet decided to remain together, and christened themselves The Four Aims. With the help of Payton's songwriter cousin Roquel Davis, The Aims signed to Chess Records in 1956, changing their name to Four Tops to avoid confusion with The Ames Brothers. Over the next seven years, The Tops endured unsuccessful tenures at Chess, Red Top, Riverside Records and Columbia Records. Without any hit records to their name, The Tops toured frequently, developing a polished stage presence and an experienced supper club act. In 1963, Berry Gordy, Jr., who had worked with Roquel Davis as a songwriter in the late-1950s, convinced The Tops to join the roster of his growing Motown record company. Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: , Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Founded 1701 Incorporation 1806 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (D) Area  - City  143. ... Levi Stubbs (born Levi Stubbles, June 6, 1936 in Detroit, Michigan) is famous as the lead singer from Motown band The Four Tops. ... Abdul Duke Fakir (born December 26, 1935, in Detroit, Michigan) is best known as a member of popular Motown act The Four Tops from 1954 to the present day. ... Obie Benson (third from left) and The Four Tops, on the cover for the UK single release of their 1967 hit Bernadette. Renaldo Obie Benson (June 14, 1936 - July 1, 2005) was an African-American soul and R&B singer and songwriter. ... Lawrence Albert Payton (June 2, 1938 - June 20, 1997) was a tenor in the popular Motown quartet, The Four Tops. ... A birthday is the date on which a person was born. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... Roquel Billy Davis, or Billy Davis, (July 11, 1932 - September 2, 2004) was producer of the song Id like to teach the world to sing, from the 1971 Coca-Cola TV advertisement. ... The Chess Records logo, as featured on this Memphis Slim single. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ames Brothers were a singing quartet from Malden, Massachusetts who were particularly famous in the 1950s for their traditional pop music hits. ... Red Top is the training camp used by the Harvard crew for their annual race with Yale. ... The Incredible Jazz Guitar Of Wes Montgomery, a 1960 Riverside release. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Berry Gordy, Jr. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Motown Records, Inc. ...


Joining Motown

During their early Motown years, the Four Tops recorded jazz standards for the company's Workshop label. In addition, they filled in time by singing backup on Motown singles such as The Supremes' "Run, Run, Run" and "When the Lovelight Starts Shining Through His Eyes". This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Supremes, later billed as Diana Ross and The Supremes, were a Motown all-female singing group. ...


In 1964, Motown's main songwriting/production team of Holland-Dozier-Holland created a complete instrumental track without any idea of what to do with it. They decided to craft the song as a more mainstream pop song for the Four Tops, and proceeded to create "Baby I Need Your Loving" from the lyric-less instrumental track. Upon its mid-1964 release, "Baby I Need Your Loving" made it to #11 on the United States Billboard pop charts. After the single's success, The Tops were pulled away from their jazz material and began recording more records in the vein of "Baby I Need Your Loving." 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... Holland-Dozier-Holland is a songwriting and production team made up of Lamont Dozier and brothers Brian Holland and Edward Holland, Jr. ...


The first follow-up single, "Without the One You Love (Life's Not Worth While)", missed both the pop and R&B Top 40 charts by only three positions. "Ask the Lonely", released early in 1965, was a Top 30 pop hit and a Top Ten R&B hit, and the from there, the Tops' fortunes began to improve. Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...

The cover to the 1967 LP Reach Out.
The cover to the 1967 LP Reach Out.

The cover to The Four Tops 1967 LP Reach Out. ... The cover to The Four Tops 1967 LP Reach Out. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ...

Success

After scoring their first #1 hit, the often-recorded and revived "I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)", in April 1965, the Four Tops began a long series of successful hit singles. Among the first wave of these hits were "It's the Same Old Song", "Something About You", "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)", and "Loving You is Sweeter Than Ever". Four Tops records often represented the epitome of the Motown Sound: simple distinctive melodies and rhymes, call-and-response lyrics, and the musical contributions of The Funk Brothers. Holland-Dozier-Holland wrote most of Levi Stubbs' vocals in a tenor range, near the top of his range, in order to get a sense of strained urgency in his gospel preacher-inspired leads. In addition, H-D-H used additional background vocals from female background vocalists The Andantes on many of these songs, to add a high end to the low-voiced harmony of The Tops, with "Loving You Is Sweeter Than Ever" being one of the few exceptions. I Cant Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch) is a 1965 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... Its the Same Old Song is a 1965 hit single recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... The Funk Brothers were a group of Detroit, Michigan musicians who performed on the backing tracks to most Motown Records recordings from 1959 until 1972, when the company moved to Los Angeles. ... For other uses, see Gospel (disambiguation). ... Preacher is a term the for someone who preaches sermons or gives homilies. ... The Andantes were a prolific female session singing group for the Motown record label during the 1960s. ...


August 1966 brought the release of the Four Tops' biggest hit, and one of the most popular Motown songs ever: "Reach Out I'll Be There", which hit #1 on the U.S. pop charts and soon became The Tops' signature song. It was almost immediately followed by the similar sounding "Standing in the Shadows of Love"; its depictions of heartbreak reflected the polar opposite of the optimism expressed in "Reach Out". It was another Top 10 hit for the Tops. Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Reach Out Ill Be There (also formatted as Reach Out (Ill Be There)) is a 1966 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... Standing in the Shadows of Love is a 1966 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ...


The Top 10 U.S. hit "Bernadette" centred around a man's complete obsession with his lover, continued the Four Tops' successful run in February 1967, followed by the Top 20 hits "7-Rooms of Gloom", and "You Keep Running Away". By now, The Tops were the most successful male Motown act in the United Kingdom (in the United States, they were second to The Temptations), and began experimenting with more mainstream pop hits. They scored hits with their versions of Tim Hardin's "If I Were A Carpenter" in late 1967 and the Left Banke's "Walk Away Renée" in early 1968. These singles and the original "I'm In a Different World" were their last hits produced by Holland-Dozier-Holland, who left Motown in 1967 after disputes with Berry Gordy over royalties and ownership of company shares. For other uses, see Bernadette. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... 7-Rooms of Gloom is a 1967 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... “Temptations” redirects here. ... Tim Hardin (December 23, 1941 – December 29, 1980) was a United States folk musician and composer who was a part of the 1960s Greenwich Village folk scene and performer at the Woodstock Festival. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Left Banke group photo The Left Banke was an American 1960s pop-music group which produced two hit singles, Walk Away Renee and Pretty Ballerina. Often utilizing so-called baroque string arrangements, the bands music is best viewed as an imaginative response to the work of The Beatles, The... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ...

The cover of the 1970 LP Still Waters Run Deep.
The cover of the 1970 LP Still Waters Run Deep.

Image File history File linksMetadata Four-tops-still-waters-run-deep. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Four-tops-still-waters-run-deep. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...

Late Motown period

Without H-D-H, the quality of the Four Tops' output, like that of most of Motown, began to decline, and hits became less frequent. The group worked with a wide array of Motown producers during the late-1960s, including Ivy Hunter, Nickolas Ashford & Valerie Simpson, Norman Whitfield, and Johnny Bristol, without significant chart success. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Nickolas Ashford (born May 4, 1942, in Fairfield, South Carolina) and Valerie Simpson (born August 26, 1946 in The Bronx, New York) are a successful husband and wife songwriting/production team, as well as being recording artists in their own right. ... Norman Whitfield Norman Jesse Whitfield (born in Harlem, New York in 1943) was a songwriter and producer for Berry Gordys Motown label during the 1960s. ...


Their first major hit in a long time came in the form of 1970's "It's All in the Game", a pop Top 30/R&B Top Ten hit produced by Frank Wilson. Wilson and The Tops began working on a number of innovative tracks and albums together, echoing Whitfield's psychedelic soul work with The Temptations. Their 1970 album Still Waters Run Deep was an early ancestor to the concept album. It also served as an inspiration for Marvin Gaye's 1971 classic album What's Going On, the title track of which was co-written by The Tops' Obie Benson. 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Its All in the Game is the name of a song written by Carl Sigman. ... Frank Wilson is an African-American former songwriter and record producer for Motown Records. ... Psychedelic soul is a concept used to categorize music that featured elements of psychedelic rock and soul/funk music. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Marvin Gaye (born Marvin Pentz Gay, Jr. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Whats Going On is an album by American soul singer Marvin Gaye. ... Whats Going On is a song written by Renaldo Obie Benson, Al Cleveland, and Marvin Gaye. ...


In addition to their own albums, The Tops were paired with The Supremes, who had just replaced lead singer Diana Ross with Jean Terrell, for a series of albums billed under the joint title "The Magnificent Seven": The Magnificent Seven in 1970, and The Return of the Magnificent Seven and Dynamite! in 1971. While the albums themselves did not do well on their charts, The Magnificent Seven featured a Top 20 version of Ike & Tina Turner's "River Deep - Mountain High", produced by Ashford & Simpson. Diana Ross (born Diane Ernestine Earle Ross[1] on March 26, 1944) is an American singer and actress, whose musical repertoire spans R&B, soul, disco, jazz, and pop. ... Jean Terrell (left) with The Supremes in 1970, on the cover of the Right On LP. Jean Terrell (born November 26, 1944 in Belzoni, Mississippi) is an American R&B and jazz singer, best known for having replaced Diana Ross in the Supremes in 1970. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... Izear Luster Turner (born November 5, 1931) is an African American musician (piano, guitar), bandleader, talent scout and record producer, best known for his work with his former wife Tina Turner. ... Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock) November 26, 1939) is an 11 time Grammy Award-winning (sharing three), American Singer, Dancer, Record Producer, Executive Producer, Film Producer, Actress, Writer, Performer, Songwriter, Author and occasional Painter whose career has spanned from 1956 to present. ... River Deep - Mountain High is a 1966 single by Ike & Tina Turner. ... Nickolas Ashford (born May 4, 1942, in Fairfield, South Carolina) and Valerie Simpson (born August 26, 1946 in The Bronx, New York) are a successful husband and wife songwriting/production team, as well as being recording artists in their own right. ...


The 1971 single "A Simple Game" featured backing vocals from members of The Moody Blues. The song did not appear on the U.S. charts, but reached #3 on the UK charts. The Moody Blues are a British rock band originally from Birmingham, England. ...

The cover of the 1972 LP Keeper of the Castle.
The cover of the 1972 LP Keeper of the Castle.

Image File history File links Four-tops-keeper-castle-lp. ... Image File history File links Four-tops-keeper-castle-lp. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

ABC Records and Casablanca Records

The Motown company began to change in a number of ways during the early 1970s. Older acts such as Martha Reeves & the Vandellas and The Marvelettes were being slowly placed aside to focus on newer acts such as Michael Jackson and The Jackson 5, Rare Earth, and the now-solo Diana Ross. In addition, the company was slowly moving many of its operations from Detroit to Los Angeles, California, where Berry Gordy planned to break into the motion picture and television industries. In 1972, it was announced that the entire company would move to Los Angeles, and that all its artists had to move as well. Many of the older Motown acts, already neglected by the label, opted to stay in Detroit, including The Funk Brothers backing band, Martha Reeves, and the Four Tops. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Martha and the Vandellas were an American Motown group of the 1960s. ... The Marvelettes was an American singing girl group on the Motown label. ... Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... The Jackson 5 (also spelled The Jackson Five or The Jackson 5ive, abbreviated as J5, and later known as The Jacksons) was an American popular music quintet from Gary, Indiana. ... Rare Earth. ... Diana Ross (born Diane Ernestine Earle Ross[1] on March 26, 1944) is an American singer and actress, whose musical repertoire spans R&B, soul, disco, jazz, and pop. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State California County Los Angeles County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Funk Brothers were a group of Detroit, Michigan musicians who performed on the backing tracks to most Motown Records recordings from 1959 until 1972, when the company moved to Los Angeles. ... Martha Rose Reeves (born July 18, 1941 in Eufaula, Alabama) is an American R&B and soul singer and was the lead singer of the legendary Motown girl group Martha & the Vandellas. ...


The Tops departed Motown for ABC-Dunhill, where they were assigned to songwriter-producers Dennis Lambert and Brian Potter, with The Tops' own Lawrence Payton also serving as a producer and arranger. "Keeper of the Castle" was their first pop Top 10 hit since "Bernadette" in 1967; follow-ups such as "Ain't No Woman (Like the One I've Got)",(another top 10 pop hit), "Sweet Understanding Love", "Midnight Flower", and "One Chain Don't Make No Prison" all hit the R&B Top Ten between 1972 and 1974. By the release of "Catfish" in 1976, the hits had dried up again, and the group disappeared into obscurity in the late-1970s. Scoring a deal with Casablanca Records in 1980, the Four Tops made a comeback in 1981 with the #1 R&B hit "When She Was My Girl". ABC Dunhill Records starts when ABC Records purchases Dunhill Records They purchase Duke Records and Peacock Records on 23 May 1973. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... This article is about Casablanca, the record label. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... When She Was My Girl is a 1981 single released by American vocal group The Four Tops. ...


Return to Motown

By 1983, The Tops had rejoined Motown, and were featured on the company's television special Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever. One of the highlights of the show was a battle-of-the-bands between The Tops and The Temptations, patterned after similar competitions Berry Gordy had staged during the 1960s. Levi Stubbs and Temptation Otis Williams decided the Temptations/Tops battle would be a good one to take on the road, and both groups began a semi-regular joint tour; as of 2007, the two groups continue to play dates together. Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... A television special is a television program, typically a short film or television movie, which interrupts or temporarily replaces programming normally scheduled for a given time slot. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Otis Williams (born Otis Miles, Jr. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The first of The Tops' albums under their new Motown contract was Back Where I Belong. A whole side of the album was produced by Holland-Dozier-Holland, including the R&B Top 40 single "I Just Can't Walk Away". Only two more Tops albums would be released by Motown, 1985's Magic and 1986's Hot Nights, as the group and the label began to quarrel on matters of marketing and musical direction. In 1987, the Four Tops decided to leave Motown again, this time for Arista Records, buying back the masters they had recorded for an in-progress album and bringing them with them. The result was 1988's Indestructible, the title track of which was the group's final Top 40 hit. It was also featured in the 1988 Sci-Fi cop film, Alien Nation. Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Arista Records is an American record label that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony BMG, and operates under the RCA Records Group // After being fired from CBS Records, Columbia Pictures hired Clive Davis to be a consultant for the company’s record and music operations. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Alien Nation is a 1988 science fiction movie written by Rockne S. OBannon and directed by Graham Baker. ...


In addition to their own recordings, the Four Tops also worked in the fields of television and motion pictures. The group as a whole performed a song for the 1982 film Grease 2, and Levi Stubbs performed the vocals for the man-eating plant Audrey II in the 1986 musical film Little Shop of Horrors; and the voice of the evil Mother Brain on the Nintendo-based NBC Saturday morning cartoon Captain N: The Game Master from 1989 to 1991. For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Grease 2 is the 1982 sequel to 1978s smash hit movie Grease. ... A voice actor (also a voice artist) is a person who provides voices for animated characters (including those in feature films, television series, animated shorts), voice-overs in radio and television commercials, audio dramas, dubbed foreign language films, video games, puppet shows, and amusement rides. ... Little Shop of Horrors is a 1960 horror film produced by Roger Corman, later adapted as a stage musical and then a 1986 musical film. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The musical film is a film genre in which several songs sung by the characters are interwoven into the narrative. ... Little Shop of Horrors is a 1986 screen adaptation of the off-Broadway stage musical of the same name. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “NES” redirects here. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... Saturday morning cartoon is the colloquial term for the animated television programming which was typically scheduled on Saturday mornings on the major American television networks from the 1960s to the 1990s. ... Captain N: The Game Master is a cartoon series that aired on U.S. and United Kingdom television from 1989 to 1992. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ...


Later years

Since the late-1980s, the Four Tops have focused on touring and live performances, only recording one album, 1995's Christmas Here With You, released on Motown. On June 20, 1997, 59-year-old Lawrence Payton died as a result of liver cancer, after singing for forty-four years with the Four Tops, who, unlike many Motown groups, never had a single lineup change until then. At first, Levi Stubbs, Obie Benson, and Duke Fakir toured as a trio called The Tops. In 1998 they recruited former Temptation Theo Peoples to join the act to restore the group to a quartet. By the turn of the century, Stubbs had become ill from cancer; Ronnie McNair was recruited to fill in the Lawrence Payton position, and Peoples stepped into Stubbs' shoes as lead singer. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Trio is generally used in any of the following ways: Three musicians playing the same or different musical instrument. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Theo Peoples is an African-American R&B/soul singer. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ...


The group was featured in several television specials during this time, including Motown 45, and several by PBS, including a 50th anniversary concert dedicated to the group. The concert turned out to be bittersweet; it featured a brief appearance of the wheelchair-bound Levi Stubbs, and a memorial to Lawrence Payton, announced by Obie Benson. Benson appeared on one more PBS special, and died on July 1, 2005, from lung cancer. The final PBS special, titled Motown: The Early Years, featured a message of Benson's passing following the credits. Lawrence Payton's son Roquel (real name Lawrence Payton, Jr.) replaced Benson as new bass (Roquel could be seen in the pledge break interviews of Motown: The Early Years). The group has performed as part of the Eat to the Beat concert series at Epcot in Lake Buena Vista, Florida in October. At Epcot, The Four Tops set list featured "Baby I Need Your Loving," "When She Was My Girl," "Ask the Lonely," "Walk Away Renee," "Reach Out I'll Be There," "Bernadette," "Standing in the Shadows of Love," and "(Sugar Pie Honey Bunch) I Can't Help Myself." Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... Lung cancer is the malignant transformation and expansion of lung tissue, and is the most lethal of all cancers worldwide, responsible for 1. ... Epcot is the second theme park built at the Walt Disney World Resort near Orlando, Florida. ... Lake Buena Vista is a city located in Orange County, Florida, U.S., at the 2000 census the population was 16. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990, and into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1999. In 2004, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked them #79 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[1] The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The Vocal Group Hall of Fame was organized to honor what they term the Greatest Vocal Groups in the World. The Hall of Fame is headquartered in Sharon, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the music magazine. ...


Discography

For a detailed listing of albums and singles, see Four Tops discography. This is a discography for R&B/soul group The Four Tops Early releases 1956: If Only I Had Known (Grady Recorrds, credited as The Four Aims) 1956: Could It Be You? (Chess) 1960: Aint That Love (Columbia Records, reissued in 1965) 1962: Pennies From Heaven (Riverside Records) Motown...


Top Twenty US and UK singles

The following singles reached the top twenty of the US and UK singles charts. The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ...

Year Song title US Top 20 UK Top 20
1964: "Baby I Need Your Loving" 11 -
1965: "I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)" 1 10
1965: "It's the Same Old Song" 5 -
1965: "Something About You" 19 -
1966: "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)" 18 -
1966: "Reach Out I'll Be There" 1 1
1966: "Standing in the Shadows of Love" 6 6
1967: "Bernadette" 4 8
1967: "7-Rooms of Gloom" 14 12
1967: "You Keep Running Away" 19 -
1967: "If I Were a Carpenter" 20 7
1968: "Walk Away Renée" 14 3
1970: "Still Water (Love)" 11 10
1970: "It's All In The Game" - 5
1971: "River Deep - Mountain High"
(The Supremes & the Four Tops)
14 6
1971: "Simple Game" - 3
1972: "Keeper of the Castle" 10 -
1973: "Ain't No Woman (Like the One I've Got)" 4 -
1973: "Are You Man Enough" 15 -
1981: "When She Was My Girl" 11 3
1988: "Loco In Acapulco" - 7

See also: 1963 in music, other events of 1964, 1965 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 1 - Top of the Pops premieres on BBC television. ... Baby I Need Your Loving is a 1964 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... See also: 1964 in music, other events of 1965, 1966 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // January 4 - Fender Guitars is sold to CBS for $13 million. ... I Cant Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch) is a 1965 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... See also: 1964 in music, other events of 1965, 1966 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // January 4 - Fender Guitars is sold to CBS for $13 million. ... Its the Same Old Song is a 1965 hit single recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... See also: 1964 in music, other events of 1965, 1966 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // January 4 - Fender Guitars is sold to CBS for $13 million. ... // January 3 - Hullabaloo shows promotional videos of The Beatles songs Day Tripper and We Can Work It Out. January 8 - Shindig! airs for the last time on ABC, with musical guests the Kinks and the Who January 14 - Young singer David Jones changes his last name to Bowie to avoid... Shake Me, Wake Me (When Its Over) is a 1965 hit single written and produced by Holland-Dozier-Holland and released as a single by The Four Tops on the Motown label. ... // January 3 - Hullabaloo shows promotional videos of The Beatles songs Day Tripper and We Can Work It Out. January 8 - Shindig! airs for the last time on ABC, with musical guests the Kinks and the Who January 14 - Young singer David Jones changes his last name to Bowie to avoid... Reach Out Ill Be There (also formatted as Reach Out (Ill Be There)) is a 1966 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... // January 3 - Hullabaloo shows promotional videos of The Beatles songs Day Tripper and We Can Work It Out. January 8 - Shindig! airs for the last time on ABC, with musical guests the Kinks and the Who January 14 - Young singer David Jones changes his last name to Bowie to avoid... Standing in the Shadows of Love is a 1966 hit song recorded by The Four Tops for the Motown label. ... See also: 1960s in music. ... For other uses, see Bernadette. ... See also: 1960s in music. ... See also: 1960s in music. ... See also: 1960s in music. ... See also: 1967 in music, other events of 1968, 1969 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // January 4 - Guitarist Jimi Hendrix is jailed by Stockholm police, after trashing a hotel room during a drunken fist fight with bassist Noel Redding. ... Walk Away Renee is a song made popular by the band The Left Banke in 1966, composed by the groups keyboard player Michael Brown. ... // Charles Wuorinen, aged 32, becomes the youngest composer ever to win the Pulitzer Prize for Music. ... // Charles Wuorinen, aged 32, becomes the youngest composer ever to win the Pulitzer Prize for Music. ... Its All in the Game is the name of a song written by Carl Sigman. ... See also: 1970 in music, other events of 1971, 1972 in music, 1970s in music and the list of years in music // February 8 - Bob Dylans hour-long documentary film, Eat the Document, premieres at New Yorks Academy of Music. ... River Deep - Mountain High is a 1966 single by Ike & Tina Turner. ... The Supremes, later billed as Diana Ross and The Supremes, were a Motown all-female singing group. ... See also: 1970 in music, other events of 1971, 1972 in music, 1970s in music and the list of years in music // February 8 - Bob Dylans hour-long documentary film, Eat the Document, premieres at New Yorks Academy of Music. ... See also: other events of 1972 list of years in music 1970s in music // January 17 - Highway 51 South in Memphis, Tennessee is renamed Elvis Presley Blvd January 20 - Pink Floyd debuts Dark Side of the Moon during a performance at The Dome, in Brighton, but due to technical difficulties... See also: 1970s in music. ... Aint No Woman (Like the One Ive Got) is a 1973 hit single written by Dennis Lambert and Brian Potter and was released as a single by The Four Tops on the ABC/Dunhill record label. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... See also: Musical groups established in 1981 Record labels established in 1981 other events of 1981 list of years in music 1980s in music // January 10 - Revival of the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta The Pirates of Penzance opens at Broadways Uris Theatre, starring Linda Ronstadt and Rex Smith February... When She Was My Girl is a 1981 single released by American vocal group The Four Tops. ... See also: other events of 1988 Musical groups established in 1988 Record labels established in 1988 list of years in music 1980s in music // Peter Ruzicka becomes director of the Hamburg State Opera and State Philharmonic Orchestra. ... Loco in Acapulco was a 1988 hit song by The Four Tops. ...

Albums

Motown releases
  • 1964: The Four Tops (UK #2)
  • 1965: The Four Tops' Second Album (US #20)
  • 1966: Four Tops Live! (US #17; UK #4)
  • 1966: Four Tops On Top (UK #9)
  • 1967: Four Tops' Hits (UK #1)
  • 1967: Reach Out (US #14; UK #6)
  • 1968: Yesterday's Dreams
  • 1968: Four Tops' Greatest Hits (UK #1)
  • 1969: The Four Tops Now
  • 1969: Soul Spin
  • 1970: Still Waters Run Deep (US #21)
  • 1970: Changing Times
  • 1970: The Magnificent Seven (with the Supremes)
  • 1971: The Return of the Magnificent Seven
  • 1971: Mac Arthur Park
  • 1972: Nature Planned It
ABC releases
  • 1972: Keeper of the Castle (US #33)
  • 1973: Main Street People
  • 1974: Meeting the Minds
  • 1974: Live & in Concert
  • 1975: Night Lights Harmony
  • 1976: Catfish
  • 1977: The Show Must Go On
  • 1978: At The Top
Casablanca releases
  • 1981: Tonight! (US #37)
  • 1982: One More Mountain
Motown releases
  • 1983: Back where I belong
  • 1985: Magic
  • 1986: Hot nights
Arista releases
  • 1988: Indestructible
  • 1999: Lost & Found: Breaking Through

Motown Records, Inc. ... Reach Out is an album recorded by the Four Tops, issued on Motown Records in July 1967 (see 1967 in music). ... Still Waters Run Deep is an early concept album released by American vocal group The Four Tops in 1970 on the Motown label. ... ABC Records started in 1955 as ABC-Paramount Records, the recording arm of American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres. ... This article is about Casablanca, the record label. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... Arista Records was founded in 1975 by Clive Davis, and named after his secondary school honor society. ...

See also

The worlds best-selling music artists cannot be listed officially, as there is no organization that has recorded global music sales in the manner that the RIAA does in the United States. ...

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Four Tops - Biography - AOL Music (1042 words)
The Four Tops' story is one of longevity and togetherness: these Motown legends teamed up in high school and spent over four decades without a single personnel change.
The Four Tops' lone Chess single, "Kiss Me Baby," was an unequivocal flop, and the group moved on to similarly brief stints at Red Top and Riverside.
The Four Tops next caught on with Arista, where in 1988 they scored their last Top 40 pop hit, the aptly titled "Indestructible." The Four Tops were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990, and continued to tour the oldies circuit.
The Four Tops Biography (649 words)
When Motown relocated to Los Angeles in the early 70s, the Four Tops were the first of the label's major acts to defect, moving over to ABC/Dunhill’s fl music division and teaming with young writer/producers Lambert and Potter.
The Tops returned to Motown in the mid-80s for two unsuccessful albums before signing with Arista in 1989 and releasing Indestructible, their final hit album, which included the song "Loco In Acapulco" from the soundtrack of Phil Collins' movie Buster.
In the end, the story of the Four Tops is one of group harmony, on and off the stage.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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