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Encyclopedia > The Four Seasons (group)
The Four Seasons
Also known as The 4 Seasons
The 4 Seasons featuring the "sound" of Frankie Valli
Frankie Valli & The 4 Seasons
Origin Newark, New Jersey
Genre(s) Pop, R&B, Doo Wop, Rock, Motown, Disco
Years active 1960–present
Label(s) Vee Jay Records, Philips Records, Motown, Warner Bros. Records, MCA, Curb
Associated acts The Four Lovers
The Wonder Who?
Frankie Valli (as solo artist)
Members
Frankie Valli
currently group membership fluctuates
Former members
Tommy DeVito (1960-1970)
Nick Massi ( Macioci) (1960-1965)
Bob Gaudio (1960-1971)
Charles Calello (1965)
Joe Long ( LaBracio) (1965-1975)
Bob Grimm (1970)
Gary Volpe (1970-1971)
Al Ruzicka (1971-1972))
Joseph Steffanelli (1971-1972)
Demetri Callas (1971-1974)
Clay Jordan (1972-1973)
Billy DeLoach (1972-1973, 1996-1997, 1998-2000)
Paul Wilson (1972-1973)
Lee Shapiro (1973-1980)
Gerry Polci (1973-1977, 1979-1982, 1987-1990)
Don Ciccone (1974-1979, 1981-1983)
John Paiva (1975-1977)
Robby Robinson (1978-1998,2000-?)
Jerry Corbetta (1979-1985)
Rex Robinson(1979-2000)
Larry Lingle (1981-1993)
Lynn Hamman (1982-1988)
Chuck Wilson (1982-1992)
Robin Swenson (1985-1986, 1988-1990)
Howard Laravea (1986-1988)
Tim Stone (1990-1997)
Zoro (1992-2000)
Fino Roverato (1993-2000)
Adrian Baker (1994-1995)
Tommy Alvarado (Mid 90s)
Warren Hamm (1997-2000)
Rich Callaci (1998-2000)
Steve Gregory (2001-2005)
Keith Hubacher (2001-?)
Matt Baldoni (2005-?)
Gary Melvin (2006-?)

The Four Seasons (known off and on since 1967 as Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons), is an American pop and rock group, distinct from many similar groups of the early to mid-1960s in its traditional Italian-American sound. It also had a sound somewhat reminiscent of doo wop, but it was not known as a doo wop quartet. By the mid 1960s it had become an internationally famous rock and roll group. Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - Total 26. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... For the Lauryn Hill single, see Doo Wop (That Thing). ... This article is about the genre. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... This article is about the music genre. ... See also: 1959 in music, other events of 1960, 1961 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 14 - Elvis Presley is promoted to Sergeant in the U.S. Army February 6 - Songwriter Jesse Belvin dies in an automobile accident in Los Angeles, California. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Vee-Jay Records was a record label, specializing in blues, jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll. ... Philips Records is a record label that was founded by Dutch electronics giant Philips. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... Warner Bros. ... MCA Records was an American-based record company owned by MCA Inc. ... Curb Records is a country record label started by Mike Curb in 1973, after leaving MGM Records. ... The Four Seasons, (known off and on since 1967 as Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons), was an American pop and rock group, distinct from many similar groups of the early to mid-1960s in its traditional Italian-American sound. ... The Wonder Who? was a nom de disc of The Four Seasons for four single records released in 1965 and 1966. ... Frankie Valli (born May 3, 1934 or 1937[2]) is best known as the falsetto-voiced lead singer of The Four Seasons, a music act of the 1960s, which continues to perform. ... Frankie Valli (born May 3, 1934 or 1937[2]) is best known as the falsetto-voiced lead singer of The Four Seasons, a music act of the 1960s, which continues to perform. ... There are several people named Tommy DeVito. ... Nick Massi (born Nicholas Macioci) (September 19, 1935 - December 24, 2000) was the bass singer for the Four Seasons, born in Newark, New Jersey. ... The French word née (feminine) or né (masculine) (or the English word nee) is still commonly used in some newspapers when mentioning the maiden name of a woman in engagement or wedding announcements. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Charlie Calello is an American, singer, composer, conductor and arranger, born in New York. ... Joe Long (born in Elizabeth, New Jersey on September 5, 1941 as Joseph LaBracio) is best known as the bass guitarist and vocal arranger for The Four Seasons, one of the biggest music acts of the 1960s. ... The French word née (feminine) or né (masculine) (or the English word nee) is still commonly used in some newspapers when mentioning the maiden name of a woman in engagement or wedding announcements. ... Clay Jordan was born in Canyon, Texas on December 30, 1955. ... fkfkfkfkfkfkfkffkfkkfkfkkfkffkkfkkfkkffkfkfkkfkffkfkfkfkkffkfkfkfkfkfkkfkfkfkfkfkfkkfkfkfkkfkffkfk ... Lee Shapiro was an American documentary film maker. ... The Four Seasons are an American pop and doo wop group, distinct from many similar groups of the 1950s and 60s in their traditional Italian American sound. ... Robby Robinson (born May 24, 1946) is an American former bodybuilder who won the Mr. ... Sugarloaf was a Denver, Colorado-based rock & roll band in the 1970s featuring Jerry Corbetta. ... Information Charles Chuck Wilson III was a minor guest appearance back in the early days of the NBC soap opera Passions. ... Zoro (June 13, 1962 - present) is an American drummer, mainly in the styles of rock, R&B, and hip hop. ... Adrian Baker (born: January 18, 1951) is an English singer, songwriter, and music producer. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For the music genre, see Pop music. ... This article is about the genre. ... An Italian American is an American of Italian descent and/or dual citizenship. ... For the Lauryn Hill single, see Doo Wop (That Thing). ...


In 1960, the group known as The Four Lovers evolved into The Four Seasons, with Frankie Valli as the lead singer, Bob Gaudio (formerly of The Royal Teens) on keyboards and tenor vocals, Tommy DeVito on lead guitar and baritone vocals and Nick Massi on bass guitar and bass vocals (Massi was replaced in 1965 by Charles Calello, who was in turn replaced in 1965 by Joe Long on bass guitar and bass vocals). Frankie Valli (born May 3, 1934 or 1937[2]) is best known as the falsetto-voiced lead singer of The Four Seasons, a music act of the 1960s, which continues to perform. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tommy DeVito (born June 19, 1928) is an American musician and singer, best-known as a member and the lead guitarist of the pop group The Four Seasons. ... Nick Massi (born Nicholas Macioci) (September 19, 1935 - December 24, 2000) was the bass singer for the Four Seasons, born in Newark, New Jersey. ... Charlie Calello is an American, singer, composer, conductor and arranger, born in New York. ... Joe Long (born in Elizabeth, New Jersey on September 5, 1941 as Joseph LaBracio) is best known as the bass guitarist and vocal arranger for The Four Seasons, one of the biggest music acts of the 1960s. ...


The official name of the organization is the Four Seasons Partnership, formed by Gaudio and Valli after a failed audition in 1961. While singers, producers, and musicians have come and gone, Gaudio and Valli remain the group's constant (with each owning fifty percent of the act and its assets, including virtually all of its recording catalog).[1][2]


The Four Seasons (group members 1960–1965) were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990 and the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1999. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... The Vocal Group Hall of Fame was organized to honor what they term the Greatest Vocal Groups in the World. The Hall of Fame is headquartered in Sharon, Pennsylvania, United States. ...

Contents

History

Before the Four Seasons

Frankie Valli's first commercial release was "My Mother's Eyes" (as Frank Valley) in 1953. The following year, he joined the Variety Trio and formed the group that evolved into the Variatones (with brothers Tommy and Nick DeVito and Hank Majewski),[3] which between 1954 and 1956, performed and recorded under a variety of names before settling on the name The Four Lovers.[4][5] The same year, the quartet released their first record, "You're the Apple of My Eye", which appeared on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, peaking at #62.[6] Five additional Four Lovers singles (on RCA Victor) were released over the next year, with virtually no sales, airplay, or jukebox play. In 1957, the group's seventh single (this time on Epic) had a similar lack of success.[7] There are several people named Tommy DeVito. ... Youre the Apple of My Eye is a song written by Otis Blackwell and initially recorded and released as a single in 1956 by The Four Lovers, the precursor to The Four Seasons. ... It has been suggested that Billboard be merged into this article or section. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the main singles chart used by Billboard magazine. ... Sony BMG Music Entertainment is the result of a 50/50 joint venture between Sony Music Entertainment (part of Sony) and BMG Entertainment (part of Bertelsmann AG) completed in August 2004. ... Epic Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Sony BMG. // Epic was launched originally as a jazz and classical music label in 1953 by CBS. Its bright-yellow, black and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases. ...


From 1956 until 1960, the group stayed together, performing in clubs and lounges as The Four Lovers and recording on various record labels with various names: Frankie Tyler, Frankie Valley, Frankie Valley and the Travelers, Frankie Valle and the Romans, The Village Voices, and The Topics are some of the 18 "stage names" used individually or collectively by the members of the group.


In 1958, the group started working with producer Bob Crewe, primarily with session work (Crewe wrote "I Go Ape", which Valli recorded with the intention of releasing it as a "solo" single). Later that year, the Four Lovers were performing in Baltimore on the same stage as The Royal Teens, who was riding the wave of success of "Short Shorts", a song that was co-written by then-15-year-old Bob Gaudio, who was also the Royal Teens' guitarist. Bob Crewe (born November 12, 1931 in Newark, New Jersey) is an American songwriter and music producer, probably best known for co-writing a number of Top 10 singles for The Four Seasons. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sideman. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The next year, Gaudio replaced Nick DeVito in the lineup, with Gaudio doubling as both keyboardist and guitar, and Charles Calello replaced Majewski on bass (Callelo would soon return as the group's arranger). In 1960, Calello left and was replaced by Nick Massi. Charlie Calello is an American, singer, composer, conductor and arranger, born in New York. ... Nick Massi (born Nicholas Macioci) (September 19, 1935 - December 24, 2000) was the bass singer for the Four Seasons, born in Newark, New Jersey. ...


Despite the change of personnel, the fortunes of The Four Lovers did not change in the beginning of 1961, when they failed an audition for a lounge at a Union Township, Union County, New Jersey, bowling establishment. According to Gaudio, "We figured we'll come out of this with something. So we took the name of the bowling alley. It was called the Four Seasons." Despite the last few years of frustration of the Four Lovers, this proved to be the turning point of the group: on a handshake between guitarist/keyboardist/composer Bob Gaudio and lead singer Frankie Valli, the Four Seasons Partnership was formed. Map of Union Township in Union County Union is a Township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ...


The rise of the Four Seasons

The Four Seasons released their first single in 1961 ("Bermuda"/"Spanish Lace" on Gone Records). While the single did not chart, the songs gave the group enough of a following to be signed with Vee Jay Records late that year. Gone Records was acquired by Morris Levy and incorporated into Roulette Records. ... Vee-Jay Records was a record label, specializing in blues, jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll. ...


In 1962, the group released their first album featuring the single "Sherry", which was not only their first charted hit but also their first number one song. Under the guidance of producer/songwriter Bob Crewe, The Four Seasons followed up "Sherry" with several million-selling hits, including "Big Girls Don't Cry" (their second #1 hit), "Walk Like a Man" (their third #1), "Candy Girl", "Ain't That a Shame", and several others. In addition, they released a Christmas album in December of 1962 and charted with a unique rendition of "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town". Sherry is a song written by Bob Gaudio and originally recorded by The Four Seasons. ... In the music industry, record producer designates a person responsible for completing a master recording so that it is fit for release. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition (chords) or melody to songs, or both. ... Bob Crewe (born November 12, 1931 in Newark, New Jersey) is an American songwriter and music producer, probably best known for co-writing a number of Top 10 singles for The Four Seasons. ... The description Gold Album is applied to recorded music albums that have sold a minimum number of copies (in the US, currently 500,000 sales). ... Big Girls Dont Cry is a song written by Bob Crewe and Bob Gaudio and originally recorded by The Four Seasons. ... Walk Like a Man is a song written by Bob Crewe and Bob Gaudio and originally recorded by The Four Seasons. ... Candy Girl is the title of a hit single recorded in 1963 by Frankie Valli & the Four Seasons. ... Aint That a Shame is a song by Fats Domino and Dave Bartholomew, recorded in New Orleans, Louisiana for Imperial Records and released in 1955. ... Santa Claus Is Coming to Town (sometimes with Coming changed to Comin) is a Christmas song. ...


From 1962 to early 1964, only the Beach Boys matched the Four Seasons in record sales in the United States, and their first three Vee Jay non-holiday single releases marked the first time that a vocal group hit #1 on the Billboard singles charts with three consecutive entries (ignoring their version of "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town"). The Beach Boys, originally the Beech Boys, a small team of four brothers from the south of Poland, emigrated to America in the early 1950s in search of a fortune to be made in the Arizonian logging industry. When it soon became evident they had been the victims of... It has been suggested that Billboard be merged into this article or section. ...


From Vee-Jay to Philips

Despite the group's success, Vee Jay Records was in financial distress. Vee Jay released several early Beatles singles in America, and when The Beatles became wildly popular, Vee Jay was swamped with a flood of orders. (Vee Jay shipped more than two million Beatles records in a single month.) The huge demands of mass production, and the cash flow problems involved, found Vee Jay hard pressed to stay afloat. The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ...


The label eventually filed for bankruptcy, and a royalty dispute between Vee Jay and The Four Seasons headed to the courtrooms. At the end of 1963, after several successful albums and lack of money from them, The Four Seasons left Vee Jay Records and moved over to Philips Records, a division of Mercury Records. In the settlement of the lawsuit against Vee Jay in 1965, Vee Jay retained release rights for all material the group recorded for the label and exercised them liberally over the following three years. The group was obligated to deliver one final album to Vee Jay, which they did in the form of a live LP. Philips Records is a record label that was founded by Dutch electronics giant Philips. ... Mercury Records is a record label currently headquartered in the UK, and is a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. ...


The change of label did not diminish the popularity of the Four Seasons in 1964, nor did the onslaught of the British Invasion and Beatlemania. However, "Dawn (Go Away)" (recorded for Atlantic Records, which rejected it) was kept from the #1 spot on the Hot 100 by no fewer than three Beatles singles in the March 21, 1964, edition (two weeks later, the top 5 slots were filled by Beatles singles). For other uses, see British Invasion (disambiguation). ... This article is about Beatlemania, fan frenzy towards The Beatles. ... Dawn (Go Away) is a classic pop song written by Bob Gaudio and Sandy Linzer and recorded by The Four Seasons in late 1963 as the Four Seasons Partnership (Gaudio and lead vocalist Frankie Valli) were involved in a royalty dispute with Vee-Jay Records. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ...


In mid-July of that year, the Four Seasons made their fourth trip to the top of the singles charts with "Rag Doll"; additional massive-selling singles from 1964 on their new label included "Ronnie", "Big Man in Town", "Save It For Me", "Bye, Bye, Baby (Baby Goodbye)" (originally "Bye Bye Baby"), and "Girl Come Running". In the meantime, Vee Jay continued releasing Four Seasons singles from their vault, including "Stay" and "Alone." The ultimate in Vee Jay recycling occurred on October 1, 1964, when the label produced a double album consisting of reissues of old Four Seasons recordings and the Vee Jay Introducing... The Beatles album (from 1963) and dubbed it The Beatles vs. the Four Seasons ("The International Battle of the Century!"). Rag Doll is a popular song written by Bob Crewe and Bob Gaudio. ... Big Man in Town is a song popularized by The Four Seasons and written by Four Seasons member Bob Crewe. ... Save It for Me is a song written by Bob Gaudio and Bob Crewe. ... Girl Come Running is a song recorded by The Four Seasons and released as a single in 1965. ... Stay was a doo-wop song recorded by Maurice Williams and The Zodiacs. ... Introducing. ...


One group, several acts

Nick Massi left The Four Seasons in September 1965. The group's arranger, Charles Calello (a former member of the Four Lovers), stepped in as a temporary replacement. A few months later, Joe Long was permanently hired. Joe became the mainstay on bass and backing vocals until 1975. Joe also served as concert emcee and conductor. In the meantime, The Four Seasons released recordings under a variety of names, including The Valli Boys, The Wonder Who?, and Frankie Valli (every Valli "solo" recording from 1965 to "My Eyes Adored You" in 1975 had the same personnel and production team as the Four Seasons disks that were recorded at the same time: his first post-1961 single without the Four Seasons was 1975's "Swearin' to God"). Charlie Calello is an American, singer, composer, conductor and arranger, born in New York. ... Joe Long (born in Elizabeth, New Jersey on September 5, 1941 as Joseph LaBracio) is best known as the bass guitarist and vocal arranger for The Four Seasons, one of the biggest music acts of the 1960s. ... The Wonder Who? was a nom de disc of The Four Seasons for four single records released in 1965 and 1966. ... Frankie Valli (born May 3, 1934 or 1937[2]) is best known as the falsetto-voiced lead singer of The Four Seasons, a music act of the 1960s, which continues to perform. ... My Eyes Adored You is a popular song written by Bob Crewe and Kenny Nolan. ...


More Top 20 singles credited to the Four Seasons followed in 1965, 1966, and 1967, including "Let's Hang On!", "Don't Think Twice" (as the Wonder Who?), "Working My Way Back to You", "Opus 17 (Don't You Worry 'Bout Me)", "I've Got You Under My Skin", "Can't Take My Eyes Off You" (released under Valli's name as a "solo" single), "Beggin'", "Tell It to the Rain", "C'mon Marianne" (their last Top Ten hit of the 1960s), and "I Make a Fool of Myself" (Frankie Valli "solo"). By late 1967, like that of their West Coast brethren, The Beach Boys, the Four Seasons' record sales were tapering off. "Will You Love Me Tomorrow" provided a "last hurrah" for the group in early 1968 (reaching #24 on the Hot 100), just before Valli's last "solo" hit of the 1960s, the #29 "To Give (The Reason I Live)". Lets Hang On! is a song composed by Bob Crewe, Sandy Linzer, and Denny Randell that was popularized by The Four Seasons in 1965. ... Dont Think Twice, Its All Right is a song written by Bob Dylan, written in 1962 and released on the album The Freewheelin Bob Dylan. ... Working My Way Back To You is a song made popular by The Four Seasons and The Detroit Spinners. ... Opus 17 (Dont You Worry Bout Me) is a song composed by Sandy Linzer and Denny Randell and recorded by The Four Seasons in 1966 for their album Working My Way Back to You. ... Ive Got You Under My Skin may be: Ive Got You Under My Skin, a song by Cole Porter Ive Got You Under My Skin (Charmed Episode), an episode of the television series Charmed Ive Got You Under My Skin (Angel episode), an episode of the... Cant Take My Eyes Off You, written by Bob Crewe and Bob Gaudio, was a 1967 single by Frankie Valli. ... Beggin is the title of a song composed by Bob Gaudio and Peggy Farina and popularized by The Four Seasons in 1967. ... Tell It to the Rain is a song composed by Mike Pitrello and Cubby Cifelli and popularized by The Four Seasons in 1966 and early 1967. ... Cmon Marianne is the name of a song composed by L. Russell Brown and Raymond Bloodworth and popularized by The Four Seasons in 1967. ... The Beach Boys is an American rock and roll band. ... Will You Love Me Tomorrow is the title of a song written by Gerry Goffin and Carole King. ...


The end of the '60s and a change to Motown

By 1969 the group's popularity was deteriorating as public interest moved away from street corner pop and towards rock with a harder edge, deeper soul music, and music with more socially conscious lyrics. The group's last single on Philips, "Patch of Blue," featured the group's name as "Frankie Valli & the Four Seasons," but the change in billing did not change the act's lack of success in 1970. For the Lauryn Hill single, see Doo Wop (That Thing). ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ...


After leaving Philips, the newly rechristened act signed onto Motown Records with disastrous results. The first LP, Chameleon, failed to sell after it was released by Motown subsidiary label MoWest Records in 1971. A Frankie Valli "solo" single from 1971 ("Love Isn't Here" on Motown) and three Four Seasons singles ("Walk On, Don't Look Back" on MoWest in 1972, "How Come" and "Hickory" on Motown in 1973) - sank without a trace. A recording that was destined to reach the upper parts of the UK singles chart, "The Night", was not commercially released as a single by Motown in the United States after promotional copies (showing the artist as Frankie Valli) were distributed in 1971. Motown Records, also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan (Motor City, hence mo(tor)town), from where it achieved widespread international success. ... British Hit Singles redirects here. ...


In late 1973 and early 1974, The Four Seasons recorded eight songs for a planned second Motown album, which the company refused to release to the public. Later in 1974, the record label and The Four Seasons parted ways. On behalf of the Four Seasons Partnership, Valli initially tried to purchase the entire collection of master recordings the group made for Motown; upon hearing the amount needed to buy them all, he arranged to purchase one recording for $4000 (US): "My Eyes Adored You". My Eyes Adored You is a popular song written by Bob Crewe and Kenny Nolan. ...


Valli took the tape to Private Stock Records owner and founder Larry Uttal, who, after repeated listenings of the Four Seasons recording, wanted to release it as a Frankie Valli "solo" single. While the group remained unsigned in the latter part of 1974, Valli had a new label — and a new solo career. Private Stock Records was a record label which was started in 1974 by Larry Uttal after he was outted from Bell Records. ...


Renaissance

While the hits for the Four Seasons had dried up in the first half of the 1970s, the group never lost its popularity as a performing act. Longtime member Joe Long stayed in the group until 1975. The new lineup boasted two new lead singers in Don Ciccone (formerly of The Critters) and Gerry Polci, who eased the singing load on an ailing Frankie Valli (who was gradually losing his hearing due to otosclerosis. Eventually, surgery restored most of his hearing). Otosclerosis is a progressive degenerative condition of the temporal bone which can result in hearing loss. ...


As "My Eyes Adored You" climbed the Hot 100 singles chart in early 1975, Valli and Gaudio managed to get The Four Seasons signed with Warner Bros. Records as the disco era dawned. At the same time, Uttal was persuaded to release The Four Seasons Story, a two record compilation of the group's biggest hit singles from 1962 to 1970. It quickly became a gold record, selling over one million copies before the RIAA started awarding platinum records for million-selling albums. Warner Bros. ... The description Gold Album is applied to recorded music albums that have sold a minimum number of copies (in the US, currently 500,000 sales). ... The RIAA Logo. ... The description Gold Album is applied to recorded music albums that have sold a minimum number of copies (in the US, currently 500,000 sales). ...


In 1975, record sales exploded for both Valli and the Four Seasons as both acts had million-selling singles in the United States ("My Eyes Adored You" hit #1 on the Hot 100 for Valli in March, "Who Loves You" peaked at #3 in November for the group). In the United Kingdom, Tamla Motown released "The Night" as a single and had it reach the #7 position on the UK singles chart. Who Loves You is a 1975 album by The Four Seasons which introduced the new Four Seasons: John Paiva (guitar), Don Ciccone (bass), Lee Shapiro (keyboards) and Gerry Polci (drums). ... Motown Records, also known as Tamla-Motown outside of the United States, is a record label originally based out of Detroit, Michigan (Motor City, hence mo(tor)town), from where it achieved widespread international success. ... British Hit Singles redirects here. ...


Valli had his first truly solo hit in the summer of 1975 (all of his prior "solo" hits were in fact Four Seasons productions) when the Bob Crewe-produced "Swearin' to God" followed "My Eyes Adored You" into the upper reaches of the Hot 100, peaking at the #6 position and capitalizing on the growing disco craze. The song was released in three forms: the eight-minute long album version, the ten-minute-long extended 12 inch single version, and the three-minute-long single version. (Redirected from 12 inch single) The 12-inch single gramophone record gained popularity with the advent of disco music in the 1970s. ...


The album Who Loves You became a surprise million-seller for the group as it was the first Four Seasons album to feature lead vocals by other than Valli. Gerry Polci did the majority of the lead vocals, sharing them with Valli and Ciccone. The title song had Valli doing the lead on the verses, but none of the trademark falsettos in the chorus; "December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)" had Polci sing lead in the first verse, Ciccone in the second, and Valli doing lead vocals only in the chorus; "Silver Star" had Polci doing all the lead vocals, with Valli absent from the recording aside from doing some harmony vocals. Who Loves You is a 1975 album by The Four Seasons which introduced the new Four Seasons: John Paiva (guitar), Don Ciccone (bass), Lee Shapiro (keyboards) and Gerry Polci (drums). ... December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night) is a 1976 hit song by The Four Seasons about a young man losing his virginity to an anonymous stranger. ...


The following year had The Four Seasons hitting #1 for the fifth time with "December, 1963". Although the group also scored a minor hit with "Silver Star", "December 1963" also seems to mark the end of the Seasons' hit recording (a remix version of "December 1963" returned them briefly to the upper reaches of the Billboard singles charts almost two decades later).


After disco

The success of Who Loves You increased the popularity of the Four Seasons as a touring group and reignited recording unit, but when 1977's Helicon album was released by Warner Bros., the climate was changing again, both for the group and for Valli. The new record yielded only one single, "Down the Hall", which limped onto the Hot 100. At the same time, Valli's string of solo hits had come to an end as he parted ways with Private Stock Records. The 11th-century monastery of Hosios Lukas on the west slope of the Helicon is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. ...


Excluding Valli's 1978 "Grease" single, which hit #1 while the motion picture of the same name became the highest-grossing musical in cinematic history, the last Top 40 hit for the group was behind them. Both Valli and the group released singles and albums on an occasional basis, but after "Grease", only a remixed version of their biggest seller, "December 1963" would visit the upper half of the Hot 100 (in 1994). Grease was a number one single in the United States during 1978 by the singer Frankie Valli. ... Grease (1978) is the name of a film directed by Randal Kleiser and based on Jim Jacobs and Warren Caseys musical, Grease. ...


In 1984, a long-awaited collaboration between the Four Seasons and the Beach Boys, "East Meets West", was released on FBI Records, owned by the Four Seasons Partnership. The record didn't sell. East Meets West is a popular cooking show on the Food Network hosted by the renowned Chinese American chef Ming Tsai EAST MEETS WEST is a Chinese-English radio programme hosted by Yu Ching on CHIN Radio Ottawa 97. ...


Even after the rise and fall of the group's sales in the disco era, The Four Seasons, in one version or another (the group became a sextet as Jerry Corbetta, formerly of Sugarloaf, joined the lineup), continued to be a popular touring act, with Valli being the only constant in the midst of a fluctuating lineup. Although Gaudio is still officially part of the group (he and Valli are still equal partners in the Four Seasons Partnership), he now restricts his activities to writing, producing, and the occasional studio work. Sugarloaf was a Denver, Colorado-based rock & roll band in the 1970s featuring Jerry Corbetta. ... A sugarloaf may refer to : // A sugarloaf was the traditional form, a tall gently-tapering cylinder with a conical top[1], in which refined sugar was exported from the Caribbean and eastern Brazil from the 17th to 19th centuries. ...


The latest edition of The Four Seasons, including Valli, is conducting a North American tour in the latter half of 2007. Incidental to this tour, the massive 3-CD + 1 DVD box set ""Jersey Beat: The Music Of Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons"" was released in mid-2007, marketed as the most comprehensive collection of Four Seasons music yet. The album title "Jersey Beat" is a play on both "Jersey Boys," a musical play about the Four Seasons, and "Mersey Beat," a reference to the early Beatles music scene alongside the River Mersey in Liverpool, England. Jersey Boys is a documentary-style musical based on the lives of one of the most successful 60s rock n roll groups, the Four Seasons. ... Mersey Beat was a music publication in Liverpool, England in the early 1960s. ... The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... The River Mersey is a river in north west England. ... This article is about the city in England. ...


Also known as...

From 1956 until "My Eyes Adored You" in 1975, records which the Four Seasons recorded had the following artist credit (a sampling):


Pre 1960

Frank Valley
Variatones
Frankie Nolan
Frankie Tyler
Frankie Vally
Frankie Valley
Frankie Valley and the Travelers
Frankie Valle and the Romans
The Village Voices
Billy Dixon and the Tropics
The Topics
The Four Lovers
Frankie Love and the Four Lovers
Eric Anthony


1960 and after

The Four Seasons
Hal Miller and the Rays
Johnny Halo featuring The Four Seasons
The Four Seasons
The Wonder Who?
Frankie Valli
The Valli Boys
Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons


U.S. Discography

US Albums

Reissues are excluded. This does not include Frankie Valli solo albums, "solo" or otherwise, except as noted below.

  • 1962: Sherry & 11 Others
  • 1962: Four Seasons Greetings (reissued 1966 as The Four Seasons Christmas Album)
  • 1963: Big Girls Don't Cry and 12 Others
  • 1963: Ain't That a Shame and 11 Others
  • 1963: Golden Hits of The Four Seasons
  • 1964: Born to Wander
  • 1964: Dawn (Go Away) and 11 Other Great Songs
  • 1964: Folk Nanny (later renamed Stay & Other Great Hits)
  • 1964: Rag Doll
  • 1964: More Golden Hits of The Four Seasons
  • 1964: Girls, Girls, Girls - We Love Girls
  • 1964: The Beatles vs. The Four Seasons
  • 1965: The Four Seasons Entertain You
  • 1965: The Four Seasons Sing Big Hits by Burt Bacharach, Hal David, and Bob Dylan
  • 1965: Recorded Live on Stage
  • 1965: Gold Vault of Hits
  • 1966: Working My Way Back to You
  • 1966: Second Gold Vault of Hits
  • 1966: Lookin' Back
  • 1968: Edizione d'oro (Gold Edition) (2 LP greatest hits package)
  • 1969: Genuine Imitation Life Gazette
  • 1970: Brotherhood of Man
  • 1970: Half and Half (half as Four Seasons, half as Frankie Valli "solo")
  • 1972: Chameleon
  • 1973: Inside You (cancelled)
  • 1974: The Greatest Hits of the Fabulous Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons (4 LP boxed set)
  • 1975: Who Loves You
  • 1975: The Four Seasons Story (2 LP compilation)
  • 1976: Helicon
  • 1980: Superstar Series Vol. 4
  • 1981: Reunited - Live with Frankie Valli (2 LP set)
  • 1982: The Complete Musical Treasury (4 LP boxed set)
  • 1984: Certified Gold (Volumes I, II, and III)
  • 1985: Streetfighter
  • 1985: Silver Anniversary Collection (AKA 25th Anniversary Collection - 3 LP set)
  • 1987: Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons, 25th Anniversary Collection - 4 LP box w booklet; Rhino Records RNRP 72998-1
  • 1988: Anthology
  • 1988: Hits
  • 1990: Rarities (Volumes I and II)
  • 1992: Hope and Glory
  • 1993: The Four Seasons Dance Album
  • 1993: Dance Album
  • 1994: Sing for You
  • 1995: Oh What a Night
  • 1996: Four Seasons with Frankie Valli
  • 1999: Rock and Roll Collection (3 CD set)
  • 2001: In Season: The Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons Anthology (2 CD set)
  • 2001: Off Seasons: Criminally Ignored Sides from Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons
  • 2002: The Very Best of Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons
  • 2007: Jersey Beat: The Music Of Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons (3 CD + 1 DVD box set)

Recorded Live on Stage was the first glimpse of a live Marvin Gaye show. ... Working My Way Back To You is a song made popular by The Four Seasons and The Detroit Spinners. ... Brotherhood of Man was a 1970s British pop vocal group, which won the Eurovision Song Contest in 1976, with the country-pop-esque Save Your Kisses for Me. // The group was formed by record producer / composer, Tony Hiller, and originally featured the well-travelled vocalist, Tony Burrows and two female... For other uses, see Chameleon (disambiguation). ... Who Loves You is a 1975 album by The Four Seasons which introduced the new Four Seasons: John Paiva (guitar), Don Ciccone (bass), Lee Shapiro (keyboards) and Gerry Polci (drums). ... Rarities is an album by Roxette, released in 1995. ... The Very Best of Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons is a 2002 music album by Frankie Valli & the Four Seasons, released by Rhino Records. ...

Selected US singles

Main article: List of U.S. singles by Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons

US peak chart position on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart follows the name. Frankie Valli "solo" singles are also omitted but can be found here. Only singles that reached a position of #30 or higher on the Hot 100 are listed here. This is a list of U.S. singles recorded and released by Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons in their various guises since 1953. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... This is a list of U.S. singles recorded and released by Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons in their various guises since 1953. ...

Sherry is a song written by Bob Gaudio and originally recorded by The Four Seasons. ... It has been suggested that Billboard be merged into this article or section. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the main singles chart used by Billboard magazine. ... Big Girls Dont Cry is a song recorded by The Four Seasons. ... For other uses of Walk Like a Man, see Walk Like a Man. ... Aint That a Shame is a song by Fats Domino and Dave Bartholomew, recorded in New Orleans, Louisiana for Imperial Records and released in 1955. ... Candy Girl is the title of a hit single recorded in 1963 by Frankie Valli & the Four Seasons. ... Dawn (Go Away) is a classic pop song written by Bob Gaudio and Sandy Linzer and recorded by The Four Seasons in late 1963 as the Four Seasons Partnership (Gaudio and lead vocalist Frankie Valli) were involved in a royalty dispute with Vee-Jay Records. ... Stay was a doo-wop song recorded by Maurice Williams and The Zodiacs. ... Alone (Why Must I Be Alone) is a popular song. ... Rag Doll is a popular song written by Bob Crewe and Bob Gaudio. ... Save It for Me is a song written by Bob Gaudio and Bob Crewe. ... Big Man in Town is a song popularized by The Four Seasons and written by Four Seasons member Bob Crewe. ... Bye, Bye, Baby (Baby, Goodbye) is a popular song written by Bob Crewe and Bob Gaudio, a member of the The Four Seasons whose version of the song made it to #12 the U.S. singles charts in 1965. ... Girl Come Running is a song recorded by The Four Seasons and released as a single in 1965. ... Lets Hang On! is a song composed by Bob Crewe, Sandy Linzer, and Denny Randell that was popularized by The Four Seasons in 1965. ... Dont Think Twice, Its All Right is a song written by Bob Dylan in 1962, and released on the 1963 album The Freewheelin Bob Dylan. ... Working My Way Back To You is a song made popular by The Four Seasons and The Detroit Spinners. ... Opus 17 (Dont You Worry Bout Me) is a song composed by Sandy Linzer and Denny Randell and recorded by The Four Seasons in 1966 for their album Working My Way Back to You. ... Ive Got You Under My Skin is a song written by Cole Porter. ... Tell It to the Rain is a song composed by Mike Pitrello and Cubby Cifelli and popularized by The Four Seasons in 1966 and early 1967. ... Beggin is the title of a song composed by Bob Gaudio and Peggy Farina and popularized by The Four Seasons in 1967. ... Cmon Marianne is the name of a song composed by L. Russell Brown and Raymond Bloodworth and popularized by The Four Seasons in 1967. ... Will You Love Me Tomorrow is the title of a song written by Gerry Goffin and Carole King. ... Who Loves You is the title song of a 1975 album by The Four Seasons. ... December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night) is a 1976 hit song by The Four Seasons about a young man losing his virginity to an anonymous stranger. ...

Jersey Boys

Jersey Boys, a musical play based on the lives of The Four Seasons, directed by Des McAnuff (The Who's Tommy, 700 Sundays) premiered at his La Jolla Playhouse and opened on November 6, 2005 to generally positive reviews and subsequently won multiple Tony Awards. Jersey Boys is a documentary-style musical based on the lives of one of the most successful 60s rock n roll groups, the Four Seasons. ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theater combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ... Desmond McAnuff (born June 19, 1952 in Princeton, Illinois) is a Tony award-winning director of such hit Broadway musicals as Big River and The Whos Tommy. ... Alternate cover Deluxe edition cover Tommy is the first of The Whos two full-scale rock operas (the second being Quadrophenia), and the first musical work explicitly billed as a rock opera. ... Image:Pelicanb-for-web. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ...


The original cast included John Lloyd Young as Frankie Valli, Daniel Reichard as Bob Gaudio, Christian Hoff as Tommy De Vito, and J. Robert Spencer as Nick Massi. The play portrays the history of The Four Seasons in four parts, with each part narrated by a different member of the band and supposedly reflecting that band member's perspective on the band's history. The author of the book of the play, Rick Elice, interviewed Valli, Gaudio, and De Vito in writing the play, and pieced together Nick Massi's point of view based on those interviews (Massi passed away before the play was written). The Broadway production won four 2006 Tony Awards including Best Musical, Best Actor (for John Lloyd Young as Frankie Valli), Best Featured Actor (for Christian Hoff as Tommy DeVito), and Best Lighting Design. John Lloyd Young won the Tony Award for Best Leading Actor in a Musical in 2006 for his role as Frankie Valli in the musical Jersey Boys. ... John Lloyd Young won the Tony Award for Best Leading Actor in a Musical in 2006 for his role as Frankie Valli in the musical Jersey Boys. ...


There are currently three productions of Jersey Boys running outside New York. The first opened at the Curran Theatre in San Francisco on December 10, 2006, leaving that venue for the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles on May 3, 2007. (This company is currently touring the United States.)[8] The second opened in San Francisco on May 4, 2007, closed on September 30 of that year, and opened on October 6 at the LaSalle Bank Theatre (recently renamed the Bank of America Theatre) in Chicago, Illinois for an open-ended run.[9] Currently in previews is the Las Vegas-bound company, also at the Curran Theatre in San Francisco.[10][11] It opens at the new Palazzo Hotel in April 2008.[12][13] The Curran Theatre is located in San Francisco. ... Ahmanson Theatre The Ahmanson Theatre is one of the four main venues that comprise the Los Angeles Music Center. ... The LaSalle Bank Theatre (formerly the Sam Shubert Theatre) is a Chicago theatre now owned by the Nederlander Organization and is operated by Broadway In Chicago. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Another completely new production opened at the Prince Edward Theatre, London in February 2008.[14][15] A production in Melbourne, Australia is planned for 2009.[16] The Prince Edward Theatre is a theatre situated on Old Compton Street, just north of Leicester Square in the West End of London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The City of Melbournes coat of arms The central business district of Melbourne, viewed from the north Alternate meanings: Melbourne (disambiguation) Melbourne is the capital and largest city of the state of Victoria, and the second largest city in Australia, with a population of 52,117 in the Central...


Notes

  1. ^ Bronson, Fred. The Billboard Book of Number One Hits, 3rd edition (Billboard Books, 1992) ISBN 0-8230-8298-9
  2. ^ Sasfy, Joe. Liner notes to Frankie Valli & the Four Seasons: 1962-1967 (Warner Special Products, 1987: Time-Life Music The Rock 'N' Era 2RNR-15)
  3. ^ Jay Warner, American Singing Groups: A History from 1940 to Today (Hal Leonard Books, 2006) ISBN 0-634-09978-7
  4. ^ Fred Bronson. The Billboard Book of Number One Hits, 3rd edition (Billboard Books, 1992) ISBN 0-8230-8298-9
  5. ^ Joe Sasfy. Liner notes to Frankie Valli & the Four Seasons: 1962-1967 (Warner Special Products, 1987: Time-Life Music The Rock 'N' Era 2RNR-15)
  6. ^ Whitburn, Joel. Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955-1993, Billboard Publications 1994 ISBN 0-89820-105-5
  7. ^ Umphred, Neil. Goldmine's Rock'n'Roll 45RPM Record Price Guide (3rd edition), Krause Publications 1994 ISBN 0-87341-287-7
  8. ^ Jersey Boys National Tour · Jersey Boys Blog
  9. ^ Jersey Boys San Francisco/Chicago Company · Jersey Boys Blog
  10. ^ Jersey Boys SF Holiday Engagement · Jersey Boys Blog
  11. ^ http://shnsf.com/shows/show.asp?key=18&subkey=509
  12. ^ Jersey Boys Las Vegas · Jersey Boys Blog
  13. ^ ReviewJournal.com - Living - Musical 'Jersey Boys' coming to Palazzo
  14. ^ Jersey Boys - The Story of Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons
  15. ^ Jersey Boys London · Jersey Boys Blog
  16. ^ Let's hear it for the Jersey Boys - Entertainment - theage.com.au

External links

  • Genuine Imitation Life Gazette Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons fan site.
  • Rock and Roll Hall of Fame page on The Four Seasons
  • 'The Four Seasons' Vocal Group Hall of Fame Page.
  • The Four Seasons.com fan site
  • The Jersey Boys Blog Dedicated to Jersey Boys; the Tony award-winning smash hit Broadway & National Tour musical of Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons
  • "Jersey Boys", the Broadway Musical based on the life of Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons
  • The Four Seasons In The UK Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons UK Enthusiasts and Historical Society site.
  • 'chameleon' Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons UK Enthusiasts and Historical Society research blog.

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Four Seasons (group) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (720 words)
The Four Seasons are an American pop and doo wop group, distinct from many similar groups of the 1950s and '60s in their traditional Italian American sound.
Nick Massi left the Four Seasons in 1965, however, and was soon replaced by Joe Long who became the mainstay on bass and backup vocals.
The Four Seasons were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990, and the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1999.
The Four Seasons - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (205 words)
Season, the annual cycle of the astronomical, geographic, and climatic phenomenon
The Four Seasons (group), a singing group led by Frankie Valli
Four Seasons Centre for the Performing Arts, the impending new home for the Canadian Opera Company and National Ballet of Canada in Toronto, Canada
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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