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Encyclopedia > The Evolution of the Genome

Contents


Summary

The Evolution of the Genome is a book edited by Dr. T. Ryan Gregory of the University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada, covering a wide range of topics in the study of genome evolution. The book includes chapters by 16 authors and deals with topics including genome size, genomic parasites (transposable elements and B chromosomes), polyploidy, gene duplication, ancient genome duplication, comparative genomics, and macroevolution. It was released in December 2004 by Elsevier, ISBN 0123014638. Summary Dr. T. Ryan Gregory (b. ... Established in 1964, the University of Guelph is a medium-sized university located in Guelph, Ontario, Canada. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal it began, loyal it remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... In biology the genome of an organism is the whole hereditary information of an organism that is encoded in the DNA (or, for some viruses, RNA). ... Charles Darwin, father of the theory of evolution by natural selection. ... // Definition Genome size refers to the total amount of DNA contained within one copy of a genome. ... Selfish DNA is DNA which is prevalent in the genome, not because its phenotypic effect is beneficial, but because it has properties which cause the number of copies of it within the genome to increase with time. ... Transposons are sequences of DNA that can move around to different positions within the genome of a single cell, a process called Transposition. ... Definition B chromosomes are small supernumerary chromosomes found in many eukaryotic nuclei that are believed to be largely non-coding and probably parasitic on the host genome. ... Polyploid (in Greek: πολλαπλόν - multiple) cells or organisms contain more than two copies (ploidy) of their chromosomes. ... Schematic of a region of a chromosome before and after a duplication event Gene duplication occurs when an error in DNA replication leads to the duplication of a region of DNA containing a (generally functional) gene. ... Description Ancient genome duplications, also known as paleopolyploidy (cf. ... Comparative genomics is the study of relationships between the genomes of different species. ... Macroevolution is the concept that evolution of species and higher taxa is the result of large-scale changes in gene-frequencies over time. ... Elseviers logo Elsevier is the worlds largest publisher of medical and scientific literature. ...


Chapters and authors

Part I: The C-value enigma Image File history File links Summary Cover of The Evolution of the Genome book. ... Image File history File links Summary Cover of The Evolution of the Genome book. ...

  • Chapter 1: Genome size evolution in animals
by T. Ryan Gregory
  • Chapter 2: Genome size evolution in plants
by Michael D. Bennett and Ilia J. Leitch


Part II: The evolution of genomic parasites

  • Chapter 3: Transposable elements
by Margaret G. Kidwell
  • Chapter 4: B chromosomes
by Juan Pedro M. Camacho


Part III: Duplications, duplications...

  • Chapter 5: Small-scale gene duplications
by John S. Taylor and Jeroen Raes
  • Chapter 6: Large-scale gene and ancient genome duplications
by Yves Van de Peer and Axel Meyer


Part IV: ...and more duplications

  • Chapter 7: Polyploidy in plants
by Jennifer Tate, Douglas E. Soltis, and Pamela S. Soltis
  • Chapter 8: Polyploidy in animals
by T. Ryan Gregory and Barbara K. Mable


Part V: Sequence and structure

  • Chapter 9: Comparative genomics in eukaryotes
by Alan Filipski and Sudhir Kumar
  • Chapter 10: Comparative genomics in prokaryotes
by T. Ryan Gregory and Rob DeSalle


Part VI: The genome in evolution

  • Chapter 11: Macroevolution and the genome
by T. Ryan Gregory

Trivia

  • The cover contains numerous images of animals, plants, and other organisms, most of which apparently have personal meaning for Dr. Gregory, including one image on the back cover that is reported to be a modified image of his own red blood cells.
  • The timeline of production discussed in the preface indicates that Dr. Gregory began work on this book while still a graduate student.
  • As described in the preface, the book was originally to be published by Academic Press, but part way through production the company was purchased by Elsevier. The former Academic Press editor in charge of the project and his replacement both left the company while the book was being produced.

The word Animals when used alone, has several possible meanings in the English language. ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering... In biology and ecology, an organism (in Greek organon = instrument) is a living being. ... Human red blood cells Red blood cells are the most common type of blood cell and are the vertebrate bodys principal means of delivering oxygen to body tissues via the blood. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Academic Press (London, New York and San Diego) was an academic book publisher that is now part of Elsevier. ... Elseviers logo Elsevier is the worlds largest publisher of medical and scientific literature. ...

External links

Established in 1964, the University of Guelph is a medium-sized university located in Guelph, Ontario, Canada. ...

 
 

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