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Encyclopedia > The Duchess of Malfi

The Duchess of Malfi is a macabre, tragic play, written by the English dramatist John Webster and first performed in 1614 [1] at the Globe Theatre in London, and published for the first time in 1623. It is loosely based on true events that occurred between about 1508 and 1513, recounted in William Painter's The Palace of Pleasure (1567). The Duchess was Giovanna d'Aragona, whose father, Arrigo d'Aragona, Marquis of Gerace, was an illegitimate son of Ferdinand I of Naples. Her husbands were Alfonso Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, and (as in the play) Antonio Bologna. For other uses, see Macabre (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tragedy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Play (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... John Webster (c. ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... This article is about the Globe Theatre of Shakespeare (commonly known as Shakespeares Globe Theatre). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 1623 (MDCXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1508 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... William Painter (1540?-1594), English author, was a native of Kent. ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... Gerace is a town in the province of Reggio Calabria, Calabria, Italy. ... Ferdinand I (1423 - January 25, 1494), also called Don Ferrante, was the King of Naples from 1458 to 1494. ...


The play begins as a love story, with a Duchess who marries beneath her class, and ends as a nightmarish tragedy as her two brothers exact their revenge, destroying themselves in the process.


The play is sometimes ridiculed by modern critics for the excessive violence and horror in its later scenes.[2] Nevertheless, the complexity of some of its characters, particularly Bosola and the Duchess, and Webster's poetic language, give it a continuing interest, and it is still performed in the 21st century. 20XX redirects here. ...

Contents

Characters

  • Antonio Bologna. The Duchess's steward, and later her husband, recently returned from France, and full of scorn for the Italian courtiers whom he sees as more corrupt than the French. His social status, lower than that of the Duchess's aristocratic family, hinders his relationship with her.
  • Delio. A courtier, who tries to woo Julia. A friend of Antonio. (He is based on a historical character of the same name.)
  • Daniel de Bosola. A former servant of the Cardinal, now returned from imprisonment in the galleys. Sent by Ferdinand to spy on the Duchess. Later, on Ferdinand's command, he orders her execution, and still later, he seeks to avenge her. Being the malcontent of the play, he tends to view things cynically, and makes numerous critical comments on the nature of Renaissance society. He is frequently characterized by his melancholy. (He is based on the historical Daniele de Bozolo, about whom less is known.)
  • The Cardinal. Brother of the Duchess. A cool, rational, Machiavellian churchman who apparently gained his power through bribery and corruption. (Historically, his name was Luigi or Lodovico.)
  • Ferdinand. The Duke of Calabria, and twin brother of the Duchess. Unlike his rational brother the Cardinal, Ferdinand is given to fits of rage and violent outbursts. He also appears to have an incestuous desire for his twin sister. (In reality, his name was Carlo, and he was Marquis of Gerace.)
  • Castruchio. An old lord. His name is a play on the word "castrated", suggesting impotence. He belongs to the conventional character type of the elderly man with a young, unfaithful wife (Julia).
  • Roderigo. A courtier.
  • Grisolan. A courtier.
  • Silvio. A courtier.
  • Pescara. A marquis.
  • The Duchess. The chief tragic protagonist, and a young widow. She has three children in the play, two sons and a daughter, by Antonio. There is an inconsistency about earlier children by her deceased husband in the play, put down to a careless mistake by Webster himself.
  • Cariola. Duchess's waiting-woman. Dies tragically by strangling shortly after the Duchess and the youngest children. Her name is a play on the Italian carriolo meaning "trundle-bed", where personal servants would have slept.
  • Julia. Castruchio's wife, and the Cardinal's mistress. She dies at the Cardinal's hands from a poisoned Bible.
  • Malateste. A hanger-on at the Cardinal's court. The name means 'headache'.
  • Doctor. Sent for to diagnose and remedy Ferdinand's madness and his supposed "lycanthropia".

This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For other uses, see Calabria (disambiguation). ... This article is about a title of nobility. ... In folklore, lycanthropy is the ability or power of a human being to undergo transformation into a wolf. ...

Main themes

The main themes of the play are: misuse of power, revenge, the place of women, what happens when women are in power, the consequences of unequal marriage, cruelty, corruption and the duties of a ruler.


Plot

The play is set in the court of Malfi (Amalfi), Italy over the period 1504 to 1510. The Duchess, recently widowed, falls in love with Antonio, but her brothers, not wishing her to share their inheritance, forbid her from remarrying. However, she secretly marries Antonio, a lowly steward, and bears him several children. Amalfi is a town and commune in the province of Salerno, in the region of Campania, Italy, on the Gulf of Salerno, 24 miles southeast of Naples. ... 1504 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1510 (MDX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ...


The Duchess' lunatic and incestuously obsessed brother Ferdinand threatens and disowns her. In an attempt to escape, the Duchess and Antonio concoct a story that Antonio has swindled her out of her fortune and has to flee into exile. She takes Bosola into her confidence, not knowing that he is Ferdinand's spy, and arranges that he will deliver her jewellery to Antonio at his hiding-place in Ancona. She will join them later, whilst pretending to make a pilgrimage to a town nearby. The Cardinal hears of the plan, instructs Bosola to banish the two lovers, and sends soldiers to capture them. Antonio escapes with their eldest son, but the Duchess, her maid and her two younger children are returned to Malfi and executed by Bosola. This experience, combined with a long-standing sense of injustice and his own feeling of a lack of identity, turns Bosola against the Cardinal and his brother, deciding to take up the cause of "Revenge for the Duchess of Malfi" (V.2). Ancona is a city and a seaport in the Marche, a region of central Italy, population 101,909 (2005). ...


The Cardinal confesses to his mistress Julia his part in the killing of the Duchess, and then murders her to silence her, using a poisoned Bible. Next, Bosola overhears the Cardinal plotting to kill him (though he accepts what he sees as punishment for his actions), and so visits the darkened chapel to kill the Cardinal at his prayers. Instead, he mistakenly kills Antonio, who has just returned to Malfi to attempt a reconciliation with the Cardinal. Bosola stabs the Cardinal, who dies. In the brawl that follows, Ferdinand and Bosola stab each other to death.


Antonio's elder son by the Duchess appears in the final scene, and takes his place as the heir to the Malfi fortune, despite his father's explicit wish that his son "fly the court of princes", a corrupt and increasingly deadly environment.


Quotations

We are merely the stars' tennis balls, struck and bandied
Which way please them.
-- Bosola, to Antonio after accidentally stabbing him. Act 5, Sc.4
A Spanish fig for your impudence
-- Bosola, to Antonio after being accused of poisoning the Duchess. Act 2, Sc.2
Do you not weep?
Other sins only speak; murder shrieks out.
The element of water moistens the earth,
But blood flies upwards and bedews the heavens.
-- Bosola, to Ferdinand upon gazing on the dead body of the Duchess. Act 4, Sc. 2
Cover her face. Mine eyes dazzle. She died young.
-- Ferdinand, after looking at the dead body of his sister the Duchess. Act 4, Sc.2
She and I were twins;
And should I die this instant, I had liv'd
Her time to a minute.
-- Ferdinand, after looking at the dead body of his sister the Duchess. Act 4, Sc.2
It seems she was born first:
You have bloodily approv'd the ancient truth,
That kindred commonly do worse agree
Than remote strangers.
-- Bosola, in response to Ferdinand. Act 4, Sc. 2
Whether we fall by ambition, blood or lust,
Like diamonds we are cut with our own dust.
-- Ferdinand's dying words. Act 5, Sc.5
"Diamonds are of most value
They say, that have pass'd through most jewellers
hands"
-- The Duchess, talking about remarrying
"Whores, by that rule, are precious."
-- Ferdinand, in response to the above quote

The 1623 quarto

The first printed edition contains a combined cast list for two productions of The Duchess of Malfi by the King's Men, c. 1614 and c. 1621, providing valuable information about the structure and evolution of the key dramatic company of the era. The printer was a Nicholas Okes, and the publisher John Waterson. Webster dedicated the play to George Harding, 8th Baron Berkeley, a noted patron of literature in his era. The phrasing of Webster's dedication indicates that the dramatist was soliciting the Baron's patronage, rather than acknowledging support already given; it is unknown to what degree that solicitation was successful. It has been suggested that Lord Chamberlains Men be merged into this article or section. ... Nicholas Okes (died 1645) was an English printer in London of the Jacobean and Caroline eras, remembered for printing works of English Renaissance drama. ... John Waterson (died February 10, 1656) was a London publisher and bookseller of the Jacobean and Caroline eras; he published signficant works in English Renaissance drama, including plays by William Shakespeare, John Fletcher, John Webster, and Philip Massinger. ... George Harding, 8th Baron Berkeley (1601 – August 10, 1658) was a seventeenth-century English nobleman and a prominent patron of literature in his generation. ...


Reception and performance history

The play was written for and performed by the King's Men in 1613 or 1614. The double cast lists included in the 1623 quarto suggest a revival around 1619. Contemporary reference also indicated that the play was performed in 1618, for in that year Orazio Busino, Venetian ambassador to England, complained of the play's treatment of Catholics in the character of the Cardinal. For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). ...


The quarto's cast list allows more precision about casting than is usually available. Richard Burbage and Joseph Taylor successively played Ferdinand to Henry Condell's Cardinal. John Lowin played Bosola; William Ostler was Antonio. Boy player Richard Sharpe originated the title role. Nicholas Tooley played Forobosco, and Robert Pallant doubled numerous minor roles, including Cariola. Unknown artist: Portrait of Richard Burbage, Dulwich Picture Gallery, London Richard Burbage (July 7, 1568 – March 13, 1619) was an actor and theatre owner. ... Joseph Taylor (died November 4, 1652) was a 17th-century actor. ... Henry Condell was an actor in the Kings Men, the playing company for which William Shakespeare wrote. ... John Lowin (baptized 9 December 1576 - buried 16th/18 March 1659) was an English actor born in London, the son of a carpenter. ... William Ostler (died December 16, 1614) was an actor in English Renaissance theatre, a member of the Kings Men, the company of William Shakespeare. ... Edward Kynaston, one of the last boy players (1889 engraving of a contemporary portrait) Boy player is a common term for the adolescent males employed by English Renaissance acting companies. ... Nicholas Tooley (c. ...


The quarto title page announces that the play was performed at both the Globe Theater and at Blackfriars; however, in tone and in some details of staging (particularly the use of special lighting effects) the play is clearly meant primarily for the indoor stage. The rebuilt Globe Theatre, London There have been several Globe Theatres in London. ... Blackfriars Theatre was the name of two separate theatres in the City of London, built on grounds previously belonging to a Dominican monastery. ...


The play is known to have been performed for Charles at the Cockpit-in-Court in 1630; there is little reason to doubt that it was performed intermittently throughout the period. Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was King of England, King of Scotland and King of Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ... A retrospective plan of Whitehall Palace as it was in 1680, by Fisher. ...


The play remained current through the first part of the Restoration. Samuel Pepys reports seeing the play several times; it was performed by the Duke of York's company under Thomas Betterton. Samuel Pepys, FRS (23 February 1633 – 26 May 1703) was an English naval administrator and Member of Parliament, who is now most famous for his diary. ... Thomas Betterton (c. ...


By the early eighteenth century, Webster's violence and sexual frankness had gone out of taste. In 1733, Lewis Theobald wrote and directed an adaptation, The Fatal Secret; the play imposed neoclassical unities on the play, for instance by eliminating the Duchess's child and preserving the Duchess at the end. By mid-century, the play had fallen with Webster out of the repertory, where it stayed until the Romantic revival of Charles Lamb and William Hazlitt. Lewis Theobald (1688 - 1744), British textual editor and author, was a landmark figure both in the history of Shakespearean editing and in literary satire. ... Late Baroque classicizing: G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that... Romantics redirects here. ... Charles Lamb (1775-1834) Charles Lamb (10 February 1775 –- 27 December 1834) was an English essayist, best known for his Essays of Elia and for the childrens book Tales from Shakespeare, which he produced along with his sister, Mary Lamb (1764–1847). ... // William Hazlitt (10 April 1778 – 18 September 1830) was an English writer remembered for his humanistic essays and literary criticism, often esteemed the greatest English literary critic after Samuel Johnson. ...


In 1850, after a generation of critical interest and theatrical neglect, the play was staged by Samuel Phelps at Sadler's Wells, with Isabella Glyn in the title role. The text was adapted by Richard Henry Horne. The production was favorably reviewed by The Athenaeum; George Henry Lewes, however, registered disapproval of the play's violence and what he termed its shoddy construction: "Instead of ‘holding the mirror up to nature,’ this drama holds the mirror up to Madame Tussauds." These would become the cornerstones of criticisms of Webster for the next century. Still, the play was popular enough for Glyn to revive her performance periodically for the next two decades. Samuel Phelps (1804-1878) was an English actor, born in Devonport. ... The London Coliseum, home of the English National Opera The English National Opera (ENO) is Londons second opera company, after the Royal Opera at Covent Garden. ... Isabella Glyn Dallas (1823-1889) was a well-known Victorian-era Shakespearean actress. ... Richard Hengist Horne (born Richard Henry Horne) (January 1, 1803 – March 13, 1884), English poet and critic. ... The Athenaeum was a literary magazine published in London from 1828 to 1921. ... George Henry Lewes (April 18, 1817 – November 28, 1878) was a British philosopher and literary critic. ... “Tussauds” redirects here. ...


Shortly after, Duchess came to the United States. Working with Horne's text, director James Stark staged a production in San Francisco; this version is noteworthy for a sentimental apotheosis Stark added, in which the Duchess and Ferdinand are reunited in heaven. The most popular American productions, however, were produced by Wilmarth Waller and his wife Emma. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Look up Apotheosis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Emma Waller (1819 – February 28, 1899) was an English actress who achieved fame in America. ...


William Poel staged the play at the Opera Comique in 1892, with Mary Rorke as the Duchess and Murray Carson as Bosola. Poel's playscript followed Webster's text closely apart from scene rearrangements; however, reaction had set in, and the production received generally scathing reviews. William Archer, England's chief proponent of Ibsen's new drama, took advantage of the occasion to lambast what he saw as the overestimation of Elizabethan theater in general. William Poel (1852-1934) was an English actor and theatrical manager, known for his presentation of old plays. ... The Opéra-Comique is an opera house in Paris. ... --204. ...


In 1919, the Phoenix Society revived the play in London for the first time in two decades. The production featured Cathleen Nesbitt as the Duchess; Robert Forquerson played Ferdinand. The production was widely disparaged. For many of the newspaper critics, the failure indicated that Webster had become a "curio"; T. S. Eliot, conversely, argued that the production had failed to uncover the elements that made Webster a great dramatist--specifically his poetry. A 1935 production at the Embassy Theatre received similarly negative reviews; Ivor Brown noted that the audience left "rather with superior smiles than with emotional surrender." In 1938, a production was broadcast on BBC television; it was no better received than the previous two stage productions. Cathleen Nesbitt, CBE, born on (November 24, 1888 – and died on August 2, 1982) was an British actress of Welsh and Irish extraction. ... Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26, 1888 – January 4, 1965), was a poet, dramatist and literary critic. ... Ivor John Carnegie Brown (1891–1974) was a British journalist. ... BBC Television is a service of the British Broadcasting Corporation which began in 1932. ...


In the aftermath of World War II, George Rylands directed a production at the Haymarket Theatre that, at last caught the public mood. John Gielgud, as Ferdinand, accentuated the element of incestuous passion in that character's treatment of the Duchess (played by Peggy Ashcroft). Cecil Trouncer was Bosola. Edmund Wilson was perhaps the first to note that the play struck an audience differently in the wake of the revelation of the Holocaust; this note is, from 1945 on, continually struck in discussions of the appropriateness of Webster for the modern age. A 1946 production on Broadway did not fare as well; Rylands attempted to duplicate his London staging with John Carradine as Ferdinand and Elisabeth Bergner as the Duchess. W. H. Auden adapted Webster's text for the modern audience. However, the production's most notable innovation was in the character of Bosola, which was played by Canada Lee in whiteface. The production received savage reviews from the popular press, and it fared little better in the literary reviews. George Humphrey Wolferstan Rylands CH CBE (23 October 1902–16 January 1999), known as Dadie Rylands, was an English literary scholar and theatre director. ... Haymarket Theatre, ca. ... Sir Arthur John Gielgud, OM, CH (14 April 1904 – 21 May 2000), known as Sir John Gielgud, was an Emmy, Grammy, Tony and Academy Award-winning British theatre and film actor. ... Dame Peggy Ashcroft DBE (22 December 1907 – 14 June 1991) was an acclaimed Academy Award-winning English actress. ... Edmund Wilson (May 8, 1895 – June 12, 1972) was an American writer, noted chiefly for his literary criticism. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... John Carradine (February 5, 1906 – November 27, 1988) was a Daytime Emmy Award-winning American actor, perhaps best known for his roles in horror films and Westerns. ... Elisabeth Bergner was born Elisabeth Ettel on August 22, 1897, in Drohobycz, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Drogobych, Ukraine). ... Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February 1907 – 29 September 1973) IPA: ;[1], who signed his works W. H. Auden, was an Anglo-American poet, regarded by many as one of the greatest writers of the 20th century. ... Canada Lee, born Lionel Cornelius Canegata, (March 3, 1907– May 9, 1952) was an American actor who pioneered roles for African Americans. ...


The first successful postwar performance in America was staged at the off-Broadway Phoenix Theatre in 1957. Directed by Jack Landau, who had earlier staged a brief but well-reviewed White Devil, the production emphasized (and succeeded as) Grand Guignol. As Walter Kerr put it, "Blood runs right over the footlights, spreads slowly up the aisle and spills well out into Second Avenue." Promotional poster for a Grand Guignol performance This article is about the Paris theatre. ... Walter Kerr (July 8, 1913 – October 9, 1996) was an American writer and Broadway theater critic. ... Looking south on Second Avenue from 85th Street, May 2005 Second Avenue is an avenue on the East Side of Manhattan in New York City that extends from Houston Street to the Harlem River Drive. ...


Ashcroft returned as the Duchess in a 1960 production at the Aldwych Theatre. The play was directed by Donald McWhinnie; Eric Porter played Ferdinand and Max Adrian the Cardinal. Patrick Wymark played Bosola. The production received generally favorable but lukewarm reviews. In 1971, Clifford Williams directed the play for the Royal Shakespeare Company. Judi Dench took the title role, with Geoffrey Hutchings as Bosola and Emrys James as the Cardinal. Dench's husband Michael Williams played Ferdinand, casting which highlighted the sexual element of the play's siblings. Aldwych Theatre in April 2007 The Aldwych Theatre is a West End theatre, located on Aldwych in the City of Westminster. ... Eric Richard Porter (April 8, 1928 - May 15, 1995) was a distinguished English actor who appeared on stage as well as in cinema and television. ... Max Adrian (Max Bor) by Cecil Beaton, 1949, National Portrait Gallery Max Adrian was an acclaimed actor of the middle of the twentieth century. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Clifford Williams (1926 – 20 August 2005) was a Welsh theatre director and stage actor. ... Royal Shakespeare Theatre in Stratford-upon-Avon The Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC) is a British theatre company. ... Dame Judith Olivia Dench, CH, DBE, FRSA, (born 9 December 1934), usually known as Dame Judi Dench, is an Academy Award, Golden Globe, Tony, three-time BAFTA, and six-time Laurence Olivier Award-winning English actress. ... Geoffrey Hutchings (born 1939 in Dorchester, Dorset, United Kingdom) is a British actor from stage, movies and television. ... Emrys James is a Welsh Shakespearean actor. ... Michael Leonard Williams (9 July 1935 – 11 January 2001) was a British actor. ...


In 1980, Adrian Noble directed the play at the Royal Exchange Theatre, Manchester. This production received excellent notices; it was transferred to London, where it won the London Drama Critic's Award for best play. Helen Mirren played the title role; Mike Gwilym played Ferdinand, and Bob Hoskins played Bosola. Pete Postlethwaite was Antonio. Mirren's performance received special acclaim. Adrian Noble was the director of the Royal Shakespeare Company from 1990 to 2003. ... Royal Exchange The Royal Exchange Theatre is a producing theatre in Manchester, England. ... Dame Helen Mirren, DBE (born July 26, 1945), is an English stage, television and film actress. ... Robert William Bob Hoskins Jr. ... Peter William Postlethwaite OBE (born February 7, 1945)[1] is an English actor. ...


The actor-centered troupe led by Ian McKellan and Edward Petherbridge chose Webster's play as one of their first productions. The production premiered in January 1986 in the Lyttelton Theatre of the Royal National Theatre. Philip Prowse's direction was highly stylized, the scenic backdrop segmented, and the actors' movements tightly controlled. The result, as Jarka Burian noted, was "a unified, consistent mise-en-scene...without enough inner turbulence to create a completely satisfying theatre experience." Eleanor Bron played the Duchess; Mckellan played Bosola, Jonathan Hyde Ferdinand, and Petheridge the Cardinal. Sir Ian McKellen takes a day out at Universal Studios, Hollywood, April 2000. ... Edward Petherbridge (born on August 3, 1936 in Bradford) is a British actor. ... The Royal National Theatre from Waterloo Bridge The Royal National Theatre is a building complex and theatre company located on the South Bank in London, England immediately east of the southern end of Waterloo Bridge. ... Eleanor Bron (born 14 March 1938) is a British stage, film and television actress and author. ... Jonathan Hyde (born May 21, 1947) is an Australian-born English stage actor. ...


The Swan staged a new production in 1989; Harriet Walter took the part of the Duchess; Nigel Terry and Stephen Boxer alternated as Bosola; Bruce Alexander was Ferdinand and Russell Dixon the Cardinal. The Swan Theatre is a theatre belonging to the Royal Shakespeare Company in Stratford-upon-Avon, UK. It is built onto the side of the larger Royal Shakespeare Theatre, occupying the Victorian Gothic structure that formerly housed the Shakespeare Memorial Theatre that preceded the RST. The Swan is designed as... Harriet Mary Walter, CBE, (born 24 September 1950) is a British actress born in England. ... Nigel Terry as King Arthur in Excalibur Nigel Terry (born August 15, 1945 in Bristol, England) is a British stage and film actor probably best known by movie audiences for his portayal of King Arthur in John Boormans Excalibur. ... Stephen Boxer is an English actor currently starring in the BBC One daytime soap Doctors. ... Bruce Alexander is an English actor, perhaps most famous for his portrayal of Superintendent Mullet in the ITV television series A Touch of Frost produced by Yorkshire Television in the United Kingdom, in which he acted as the superior of the main character Detective Inspector William Jack Frost, played by...


Gale Edwards directed the 2000 production at The Barbican. Aisling O'Sullivan played the Duchess; Tom Mannion played Bosola, and Colin Tierney was Ferdinand. Barbican Arts Centre and lakeside terrace Interior - concert hall foyer; library and gallery above The Barbican Arts Centre is an arts venue at the eastern edge of the Barbican Estate in the City of London, England. ... Aisling OSullivan is an award-winning Irish actress who starred in the movie The Butcher Boy as Francies mentally unstable mother who eventually commits suicide. ...


Phillip Franks directed the 2006 production at the West Yorkshire Playhouse. Imogen Stubbs played the Duchess. Since opening in March 1990, West Yorkshire Playhouse in Leeds has established a reputation both nationally and internationally as one of Britains most exciting producing theatres, winning awards for everything from its productions to its customer service. ... Imogen Stubbs, Lady Nunn (born 20 February 1961) is a British actress. ...


Media adaptations

Opera - Stephen Oliver's The Duchess of Malfi, staged at Oxford in 1971.
Television - In 1972, produced by the BBC
Television -A Question of Hell, an adaptation by Kingsley Amis
Audio - In 1980, produced by the BBC
Recording - In 1952 read by Dylan Thomas by Caedmon[3] For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Stephen Oliver (1950-1992) was an English composer, best known for his operas. ... Sir Kingsley William Amis (April 16, 1922 – October 22, 1995) was an English novelist, poet, critic, and teacher. ... Dylan Marlais Thomas (27 October 1914 – 9 November 1953) was a Welsh poet. ...


In popular culture

  • Sleeping Murder by Agatha Christie (Williams, Collins Sons & Co Ltd. 1976) uses the lines :Cover her face. Mine eyes dazzle. She died young as the novel's central refrain.
  • Queen of the Damned by Anne Rice uses the lines Cover her face. Mine eyes dazzle. She died young, as a quote from Lestat to his vampire child, Claudia.

Sleeping Murder is a novel by Agatha Christie. ... Agatha Mary Clarissa, Lady Mallowan, DBE (15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976), commonly known as Agatha Christie, was an English crime fiction writer. ... Struan Rodger is a British actor, best known for his portrayal of Barbara Flynns husband in the television detective series Chandler & Co. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Agatha Mary Clarissa, Lady Mallowan, DBE (15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976), commonly known as Agatha Christie, was an English crime fiction writer. ... Sleeping Murder is a novel by Agatha Christie. ... The Queen of the Damned is a novel by Anne Rice. ... Anne Rice (born on October 4, 1941) is a best-selling American author of gothic and later religious themed books. ... Stephen John Fry (born 24 August 1957) is an English comedian, writer, actor, humourist, novelist, columnist, filmmaker and television personality. ... The Stars Tennis Balls is a novel by Stephen Fry, first published in 2000; in the U.S., the title was changed to Revenge:A Novel. ...

References

  1. ^ "Duchess of Malfi, The" The Oxford Companion to English Literature. Ed. Margaret Drabble. Oxford University Press, 2000. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Cambridgeshire Libraries. 23 June 2007 [1]
  2. ^ Jack, Ian. "The Case of John Webster." Scrutiny XVI (1949): 43.
  3. ^ See [2] for additional info.

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:

  Results from FactBites:
 
An Analysis of John Webster's The Duchess of Malfi (553 words)
This is done in a hand-fast marriage witnessed by Cariola, the Duchess' hand-maiden.
The pilgrims in Act 4 (when the Duchess and her family are in Loreto at the religous shrine) are the only disinterested parties in the play.
Where the Duchess earlier likens herself to a diamond, Ferdinand is cut by her dust.
Arbella Stuart, Catherine of Valois, and The Duchess of Malfi by Nanci Lamb Roider (5211 words)
Arbella Stuart, Catherine of Valois, and The Duchess of Malfi:
The Duchess of Malfi doubtless felt the pressures, both positive and negative, associated with widowhood, and there is evidence that she experienced some difficulty reconciling the two.
The Duchess had already married for the "right" reasons, and, in her widowhood, sought to marry for love (dare we say even, lust) and companionship, while her brothers, for whom the traditional modes of marriage proved more convenient, held fast to the marriage practices of the past.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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