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Encyclopedia > The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus
Salvador Dalí, The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, 1959, oil on canvas, 410 x 284 cm, St. Petersburg, Florida: Salvador Dalí Museum.
Salvador Dalí, The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, 1959, oil on canvas, 410 x 284 cm, St. Petersburg, Florida: Salvador Dalí Museum.

The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus is the name of a painting by artist Salvador Dalí, begun in 1958 and finished in 1959. It is a huge canvas, 410 x 284 cm (over 14 feet tall), one of series of large paintings Dalí did during this era. (An article by an art critic which surveyed the history of painting, rather arbitrarily only dealing with very large canvases as master works, is said to have inspired Dalí to set a goal for himself of producing more oversized paintings than any other artist of note in history.) Image File history File links Salvador Dalí, The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, 1959, oil on canvas, 410 x 284 cm, St. ... Image File history File links Salvador Dalí, The Discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, 1959, oil on canvas, 410 x 284 cm, St. ... Salvador Dalí as photographed in 1934 by Carl Van Vechten Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bumblebee around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening, 1944 Lithography by Salvador Dali. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aerial photograph of St. ... The Salvador Dalí Museum in St. ... Salvador Dalí as photographed in 1934 by Carl Van Vechten Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bumblebee around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening, 1944 Lithography by Salvador Dali. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The work was commissioned by United States millionaire businessman and collector of Dalí's works A. Reynolds Morse to be hung in the lobby of his business office near Columbus Circle in New York City. New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, the most densely populated major city in North America, and is the largest financial center in the world. ...


As the title implies, the painting deals with Christopher Columbus's first landing in the New World, but it depicts the event metaphorically rather than aiming at historical accuracy. Columbus is depicted not as a middle-aged mariner, but as an adolescent boy in a classical robe to symbolize America as a young continent with its best years ahead of it. Christopher Columbus (conjectural image by Sebastiano del Piombo). ... Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, c. ...


Dalí, in a period of intense interest in Roman Catholic mysticism at the time*, symbolically portrayed Columbus bringing Christianity and the true church to a new world as a great and holy accomplishment. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... History Main article: History of Christianity See also: Timeline of Christianity The history of Christianity is difficult to extricate from that of the European West (and several other culture-regions) in general. ...


Gala Dalí, the painter's wife, whom he often depicted as the Virgin Mary, poses for role of The Blessed Virgin (or according to some commentators Saint Helena) on the banner in the right hand of Columbus. Salvador Dalí, Galarina, 1944. ... Saint Mary redirects here. ...


Dalí painted himself in the background as a kneeling monk holding a crucifix. Dalí's belief that Columbus was Catalonian is represented by the incorporation of the old Catalonian flag. For the California hardcore punk band see Crucifix (band) A small, handheld crufix. ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. ...


The painting contains numerous references to the works of Diego Velázquez, the Spanish painter who had died 300 years earlier, and who influenced both Dalí's painting and his moustache. Velázquezs 1643 self-portrait This article pertains to the artist. ... Edgar Allan Poe had a simple moustache. ...


In the bottom center of the painting, on the beach a few steps in front of Columbus, is the bumpy and pockmarked brown sphere of a sea urchin with a curious halo-like ring around it. A story is told that Morse objected to this object on artistic grounds, and suggested that Dalí paint over it. Dalí insisted that it was an important element in the painting, and that Morse needed to contemplate it to understand. Morse reluctantly agreed, but never did think much about the sea urchin until 10 years later, when he was watching the Apollo 11 Moon landing on television, and he came to a sudden realization. He immediately telephoned Dalí to excitedly tell him that he now understood that the sea urchin represented other planets that young America would explore in the tradition of Columbus. Dalí curtly replied, "Yes of course. It took you this long to figure it out? Incredible! Now I must get back to work", and hung up on Morse. Subclasses Euechinoidea Superorder Atelostomata Order Cassiduloida Order Spatangoida (heart urchins) Superorder Diadematacea Order Diadematoida Order Echinothurioida Order Pedinoida Superorder Echinacea Order Arbacioida Order Echinoida Order Phymosomatoida Order Salenioida Order Temnopleuroida Superorder Gnathostomata Order Clypeasteroida (sand dollars) Order Holectypoida Perischoechinoidea Order Cidaroida (pencil urchins) Image:Coarsespinedseaurchinsm. ... The Apollo 11 mission was the first manned lunar landing. ... Crust composition Oxygen 43% Silicon 21% Aluminium 10% Calcium 9% Iron 9% Magnesium 5% Titanium 2% Nickel 0. ...


The painting now hangs in the Salvador Dalí Museum in Saint Petersburg, Florida. The Salvador Dalí Museum in St. ... Downtown St. ...



*Note: In Dalí's own words, he claimed that his faith was not Roman Catholic but rather Romanian Catholic. If Dalí ever explained what he meant by this, it seems to have escaped the attention of his standard biographies.


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