FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > The Deluge
The Deluge
Part of {{{partof}}}

The occupation of the Republic by Sweden, Muscovy, Brandenburg and Chmielnicki's Cossacks.
Date: 1655 - 1660
Location: Poland, Lithuania, Denmark
Result: Polish-Lithuanian victory
Casus belli: {{{casus}}}
Territory changes: {{{territory}}}
Combatants
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and allies Sweden and allies
Commanders
Jan Kazimierz of Poland Charles X of Sweden
Strength
Casualties
The Deluge
Ujście • Żarnowiec • Kraków • Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki • Wojnicz • Jasna Góra • Gołąb • Zamość • Sandomierz • Warka • Kłecko • Warsaw • Kcynia • Warsaw • Lubcz • Kraków • Prostki • Filipów • Czarny Ostrów • Toruń • Magierów • Grudziądz • Alsen • Kolding • Nyborg

This article is about the history of Poland. For other meanings of Deluge see Deluge. Download high resolution version (2000x1568, 373 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Chmielnicki Uprising or Chmielnicki Rebellion is the name of a civil war in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the years 1648–1654. ... The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Turkey. ... Events May 10 - English troops land on Jamaica March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Reign From November, 1648 until September 16, 1668 Elected In November 1648 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 19, 1649 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Vasa Parents Zygmunt III Waza Constance of Austria Consorts Ludwika Maria Children with Ludwika Maria Maria Anna... Charles X or Karl X Gustav (1622 – 1660), king of Sweden, son of John Casimir, Margrave of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, and Catherine, sister of Gustavus Adolphus, was born at the Castle of Nyköping on November 8, 1622. ... The Battle of Swiecino (or Swiecin) (named for the village of Swiecino, near Zarnowiec Lake, northern Poland) also called the Battle of Żarnowiec or in German Battle of Schwetzin, took place on September 17, 1462 during the Thirteen Years War. ... The Battle of Warsaw which took place on 28-30 July 1656, between armies of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth on the one side and of Sweden and Brandenburg on the other, was an important battle of the Northern Wars. ... Deluge is another word for flood. ...


The Deluge (Polish Potop) is a name commonly assigned in the history of Poland to a series of wars in the 17th century which left Poland in ruins. In a stricter sense Deluge refers only to the Swedish invasion and occupation of the country; in a wider sense it applies to the whole series of misfortunes started by the uprising of the Cossacks in 1648 and ending in either 1656, 1660 or even in 1667. Before The Deluge Poland was a Central European power. During the wars, however, Poland lost an estimated 1/3 of its population (relatively higher losses than during World War II), and its great power status. In the first centuries of its emergence in the 10th century, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christendom, created a strong Central European state, and integrated Poland into European culture. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Turkey. ... // Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ... // Events Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. ... Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Historical lands and provinces in Central Europe Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ...


The Deluge may be thought of as an ethnic and religious cleansing of Roman Catholics (particularly the szlachta nobility and landowning classes,) Jews, and Roma within the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by Orthodox Slavs, Protestants, and Muslims [1]. Polish szlachcic. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Oath of king Jan Kazimierz of Poland, taken in 1655 in Lwów, during The Deluge.
Oath of king Jan Kazimierz of Poland, taken in 1655 in Lwów, during The Deluge.

The misfortunes were started in 1648 by Ruthenian feudal lord and Ukrainian Cossack leader Bohdan Khmelnytsky. Khmelnytsky told the people that the Poles had sold them as slaves "into the hands of the accursed Jews". With this as their battle-cry, the Cossacks killed a large number of Jews during the years 1648–1649. The precise number of dead may never be known, but the decrease of the Jewish population during that period is estimated at 50,000 to 200,000, which also includes deaths from diseases and Tatar imprisonment. [2] Although the Cossacks were defeated in 1651 in the Battle of Beresteczko, their rebellion gave pretext to the Russians to invade and occupy the eastern half of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1655. The Swedes invaded and occupied the rest in the same year. Oath of king Jan Kazimierz of Poland, taken in 1655, during The Deluge. ... Oath of king Jan Kazimierz of Poland, taken in 1655, during The Deluge. ... Oath of king Jan Kazimierz of Poland, taken in 1655, during The Deluge. ... Events May 10 - English troops land on Jamaica March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... Motto: Semper fidelis Oblast Lviv Oblast Municipal government City council (Львівська міська рада) Mayor City chairman Lyubomyr Bunyak Area 171,01 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 808,900 ? 4786/km² Founded City rights 13th century 1353 Latitude Longitude 49°51′ N 24°01′ E Area code +0322 Car plates  ? Twin towns Corning, Freiburg... // Events Peace treaty signed at Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War. ... Bohdan Zynovii Mykhailovych Khmelnytskyi (Богдан Зиновій Михайлович Хмельницький in Ukrainian, commonly transliterated as Khmelnytsky; known in Polish as Bogdan Zenobi Chmielnicki; in Russian as Bohdan Khmelnitsky) ( 1595 – August 6, 1657) was a Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth noble of Polish or Ruthenian origin, leader of the Zaporozhian Cossack Hetmanate, hetman of Ukraine, noted for... // Events January 1 - Charles II crowned King of Scotland in Scone. ... The great Battle of Beresteczko (Berestechko in Ukrainian) in Volhynia (WoÅ‚yÅ„ in Polish, Volyn in Ukrainian), Ukraine, lasted from June 28 to June 30, 1651, between the Polish army under King Jan II Casimir and Ukrainian Cossack and peasant forces, led by Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky, and their Crimean Tatar... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Events May 10 - English troops land on Jamaica March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ...


Many Polish nobles (szlachta), especially Grand Crown Chancelor Krzysztof Opalinski and Princes Janusz Radziwiłł and Bogusław Radziwiłł, began negotiations with the Swedish king Charles X Gustav of Sweden, aimed at breaking the Commonwealth and the Polish-Lithuanian union. They signed a treaty according to which Radziwiłłs were to rule over two sovereign principalities carved up from the lands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which were to become a Swedish protectorate. Noble is the guitarist of British Sea Power. ... Polish szlachcic. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Negotiation is the process whereby interested parties resolve disputes, agree upon courses of action, bargain for individual or collective advantage, and/or attempt to craft outcomes which serve their mutual interests. ... Charles X Gustav (Karl X Gustav) (November 8, 1622 – February 13, 1660), was King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. ... The term Polish-Lithuanian Union refers to a series of acts and alliances between the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania that lead to the creation of the Republic of Both Nations in 1569 and eventually to creation of a unified state in 1791. ... The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and PogoÅ„ in Polish Another version of the Lithuanian banner The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji KunigaikÅ¡tystÄ—, Belarusian: Вялі́кае Кня́ства Літо́ўскае (ВКЛ), Ukrainian: Велике Князівство Литовське (ВКЛ), Polish: Wielkie KsiÄ™stwo Litewskie) was an... For the rule of Oliver Cromwell, see The Protectorate. ...


The Swedes were driven back in 1657 and the Russians were finally defeated in 1662. The struggle over Ukraine ended with the treaty of Andrusovo (13 January 1667), with the help of Turkish intervention due to their claims in the Crimea. Forces from Prussia and Transylvania were also defeated, but Prussia gained a formal recognition of independence and ceased to be a Polish vassal. Events January 8 - Miles Sindercombe, would-be-assassin of Oliver Cromwell, and his group are captured in London February - Admiral Robert Blake defeats the Spanish West Indian Fleet in a battle over the seizure of Jamaica. ... Events March 18 – Short-timed experiment of the first public buses holding 8 passengers begins in Paris May 3/May 2 - Catherine of Braganza marries Charles II of England – as part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay and Tangier to England May 9 - Samuel Pepys witnessed a Punch and Judy... Treaty of Andrusovo, 1667 (Polish Rozejm w Andruszowie, Russian Андрусовское перемирие, Ukrainian Андрусівське перемиря), a truce for 13,5 years between Russia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, which were at war since 1654 over the territories of modern day Ukraine and Belarus. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... The Crimea /kraɪˈmia/ is a peninsula and an autonomous republic of Ukraine on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Transylvania (Romanian: Transilvania or Ardeal; Hungarian: Erdély; German: Siebenbürgen; see also other languages) forms the western and central parts of Romania. ...


The Deluge also stopped the era of Polish tolerance, since most of the invaders were non-Catholic, with expulsion of the Polish brethren as a clear sign of it. During the Deluge, many thousands of Polish Jews also fell victim to pogroms initiated by rebelling Cossacks. Polish Brethren (also called Antitrinitians, Arians, or Socinians) was the name of a Christian Polish sect from the 16th century. ... The Russian word pogrom (погром) refers to a massive violent attack on people with simultaneous destruction of their environment (homes, businesses, religious centers). ...


The Deluge is described in a novel of Henryk Sienkiewicz under the same title. Henryk Sienkiewicz Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (pronounce: [γεnrɨk ɕenkieviʧ]) (May 5, 1846 - November 15, 1916) was a Polish novelist, one of the outstanding writers of the second half of the 19th century. ...


Movie

The Deluge was also made into a movie masterpiece in 1974, a classic historical movie created by the film director Jerzy Hoffman and starring Daniel Olbrychski as Andrzej Kmicic, a patriot who valiantly fought against the Swedish Invasion. the film was nominated for a Best Foreign Film Oscar in 1974. ... Jerzy Hoffman (born on 1932 in Kraków, Poland) is a Polish film director and screenwriter. ... Daniel Olbrychski (b. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Deluge (Polish history) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (845 words)
The Deluge (Polish Potop) is a name commonly assigned in the history of Poland to a series of wars in the 17th century which left Poland in ruins.
In a stricter sense Deluge refers only to the Swedish invasion and occupation of the country; in a wider sense it applies to the whole series of misfortunes started by the Khmelnytskyi Uprising 1648 and ending in either 1656, 1660 or even in 1667.
The Deluge also stopped the era of Polish tolerance, since most of the invaders were non-Catholic, with expulsion of the Polish brethren as a clear sign of it.
Deluge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (158 words)
Deluge is another word for flood, especially a very big and disastrous one.
Deluge (prehistoric), prehistoric great floods, some of which may have inspired the mythic floods above
The Deluge (Polish history), the Swedish occupation of Poland (1655-1660)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m