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Encyclopedia > The Dark Knight (film)
The Dark Knight
Directed by Christopher Nolan
Produced by Christopher Nolan
Charles Roven
Emma Thomas
Written by Screenplay:
Christopher Nolan
Jonathan Nolan
Story:
David S. Goyer
Christopher Nolan
Characters:
Bob Kane
Bill Finger
Jerry Robinson
Starring Christian Bale
Michael Caine
Heath Ledger
Gary Oldman
Aaron Eckhart
Maggie Gyllenhaal
Morgan Freeman
Music by Hans Zimmer
James Newton Howard
Cinematography Wally Pfister
Editing by Lee Smith
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date(s) Australia:
July 16, 2008
North America:
July 18, 2008
United Kingdom:
July 25, 2008
Running time 152 min.[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $180 million[2]
Preceded by Batman Begins
Official website
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

The Dark Knight is a 2008 American superhero film co-written and directed by Christopher Nolan. Based on the DC Comics character Batman, the film is a sequel to 2005's Batman Begins, which rebooted the Batman film series after an eight-year hiatus. Christian Bale reprises the lead role. Batman's primary conflicts in the film include his fight against the Joker (Heath Ledger) and his strained friendship with district attorney Harvey Dent (Aaron Eckhart). Image File history File links Future_film. ... Christopher Nolan (born July 30, 1970) is an Academy Award nominated film director, writer and producer. ... Emma Thomas is a film producer and Christopher Nolans wife since 1997. ... Jonathan Nolan (b. ... David S. Goyer is a comic book writer, screenwriter, and film director. ... Bob Kane (born Robert Kahn, October 24, 1915 – November 3, 1998) was an American comic book artist and writer credited as the creator of the DC Comics superhero Batman. ... William Bill Finger (February 8, 1914–January 18, 1974) was an American writer best known as the uncredited co-creator, with Bob Kane, of the DC Comics character Batman, as well as the co-architect of the series development. ... Detective Comics #38 (May 1940), the first appearance of Robin. ... Christian Charles Philip Bale (also known professionally as Christian Morgan Bale; born 30 January 1974) is a Screen Actors Guild Award-nominated, Saturn Award-winning Welsh actor[2][3] whose film credits include Empire of the Sun, American Psycho, Equilibrium, The Machinist, Batman Begins and the upcoming The Dark Knight. ... This article is about the English actor. ... Heath Andrew Ledger (April 4, 1979 – January 22, 2008) was an Academy Award, BAFTA, Golden Globe, and SAG Award-nominated Australian-born film actor who lived in New York City. ... Gary Leonard Oldman[1] (born March 21, 1958) is an Emmy and Screen Actors Guild-nominated, Saturn and BAFTA award-winning English-born American[2] film actor, writer and director. ... Aaron Edward Eckhart (born March 12, 1968) is a Golden Globe-nominated American film actor. ... Maggie Ruth Gyllenhaal (born November 16, 1977) is an American actress. ... For the Dawsons Creek director, see Morgan J. Freeman. ... Hans Florian Zimmer (born September 12, 1957) is an Academy Award, Grammy, and Golden Globe award-winning film score composer from Germany. ... This article is about James Howard, the composer. ... Wally Pfister is an American cinematographer who is best known for his nomination for Academy Award for Best Cinematography in 2005 for Batman Begins. ... Lee Smith is an ACE-certified film editor. ... “WB” redirects here. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... North American redirects here. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... USD redirects here. ... For the video game based on the film, see Batman Begins (video game). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... DVD front cover for The Adventures of Captain Marvel film serial. ... Christopher Nolan (born July 30, 1970) is an Academy Award nominated film director, writer and producer. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... For other uses, see Sequel (disambiguation). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the video game based on the film, see Batman Begins (video game). ... -1... Christian Charles Philip Bale (also known professionally as Christian Morgan Bale; born 30 January 1974) is a Screen Actors Guild Award-nominated, Saturn Award-winning Welsh actor[2][3] whose film credits include Empire of the Sun, American Psycho, Equilibrium, The Machinist, Batman Begins and the upcoming The Dark Knight. ... The Joker is a fictional character that appears in the comic books published by DC Comics. ... Heath Andrew Ledger (April 4, 1979 – January 22, 2008) was an Academy Award, BAFTA, Golden Globe, and SAG Award-nominated Australian-born film actor who lived in New York City. ... Two-Face is a fictional character, a supervillain and enemy of Batman in the DC Comics Universe. ... Aaron Edward Eckhart (born March 12, 1968) is a Golden Globe-nominated American film actor. ...


For his conception of the film, Nolan was inspired by the Joker's first two appearances in the comics and Batman: The Long Halloween. The Dark Knight was filmed primarily in Chicago (as was Batman Begins), as well as in several other locations in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Hong Kong. The director used an IMAX camera to film six major action sequences, including the Joker's first appearance in the film. The Batsuit was redesigned, with a cowl allowing Bale to move his head. The film also introduces a recreation of the Batcycle, known as the Batpod. For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film display systems. ... Batmans current costume, as shown in the Hush story arc. ... A Roman Catholic monk wearing a cowl The cowl (from the Latin, cuculla) is a long, outer garment, with wide sleeves, worn by Catholic monks when participating in the liturgy. ... The Batcycle from Batman: The Movie. ...


Warner Bros. created an aggressive viral marketing campaign for The Dark Knight, developing promotional websites and trailers highlighting screenshots of Heath Ledger as the Joker. After Ledger's death in January 2008, however, the studio refocused its promotional campaign.[3][4] The film will be released on July 16, 2008 in Australia,[5] on July 18, 2008 in North America,[6] and on July 25, 2008 in the United Kingdom.[7] “WB” redirects here. ... Example of guerrilla marketing in São Paulo, Brazil promoting the Hopi Hari amusement park. ... Viral marketing and viral advertising refer to marketing techniques that use pre-existing social networks to produce increases in brand awareness, through self-replicating viral processes, analogous to the spread of pathological and computer viruses. ... January 2008 was the first month of the current year. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... North American redirects here. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Plot

The Dark Knight opens with Batman, Lieutenant James Gordon, and new district attorney Harvey Dent beginning to succeed in rounding up the criminals that plague Gotham City. They are unexpectedly challenged when a mysterious criminal mastermind known as the Joker appears in Gotham. Batman's struggle against the Joker becomes deeply personal, forcing him to "confront everything he believes" and to improve his technology to stop the madman's campaign of destruction.[8] During the course of the film, a love triangle develops between Bruce Wayne, Dent and Rachel Dawes.[9] Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... James Jim Worthington Gordon is a supporting character in DC Comics Batman series. ... A district attorney is, in some U.S. jurisdictions, the title of the local public official who represents the government in the prosecution of criminals. ... Two-Face is a fictional character, a supervillain and enemy of Batman in the DC Comics Universe. ... This article is about the fictional place. ... The Joker is a DC Comics supervillain, widely considered to be Batmans archenemy. ... Not to be confused with Triangular theory of love. ... Rachel Dawes is a fictional character created for the 2005 Batman film Batman Begins. ...


Cast and characters

Christian Bale as Bruce Wayne / Batman: A billionaire who has dedicated himself to protecting Gotham City from the criminal underworld. Bale was confident in his choice to return in the role because of the positive response to his performance in Batman Begins.[10] He trained in the Keysi Fighting Method,[11] and performed many of his own stunts.[10] He did not gain as much muscle this time, because of the storyline in which Batman builds a new suit that allows him to move with more agility.[9] Christian Charles Philip Bale (also known professionally as Christian Morgan Bale; born 30 January 1974) is a Screen Actors Guild Award-nominated, Saturn Award-winning Welsh actor[2][3] whose film credits include Empire of the Sun, American Psycho, Equilibrium, The Machinist, Batman Begins and the upcoming The Dark Knight. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... The Keysi Fighting Method is a method of self development and personal growth that uses self defence as a vehicle. ...


The actor described Batman's dilemma as whether "[his crusade is] something that has an end. Can he quit and have an ordinary life? The kind of manic intensity someone has to have to maintain the passion and the anger that they felt as a child, takes an effort after awhile, to keep doing that. At some point, you have to exorcise your demons."[12] He added, "Now you have not just a young man in pain attempting to find some kind of an answer, you have somebody who actually has power, who is burdened by that power, and is having to recognize the difference between attaining that power and holding on to it."[2] Bale felt because Batman's personality was strongly established in the first film, it was unlikely that his character would be overshadowed by the villains, stating: "I have no problem with competing with someone else. And that's going to make a better movie."[13]


Heath Ledger as The Joker: Heath Ledger described the Joker as a "psychopathic, mass murdering, schizophrenic clown with zero empathy".[14] Nolan had wanted to work with Ledger on a number of projects in the past, but had been unable to do so. [15] When Ledger saw Batman Begins, he realized a way to make the character work in that film's tone,[16] and Nolan agreed with his anarchic interpretation.[15] To prepare for the role, Ledger lived alone in a hotel room for a month, formulating the character's posture, voice and psychology.[17][13] While he initially found it difficult, Ledger was eventually able to generate a voice that did not sound like Jack Nicholson's take on the character in Tim Burton's 1989 Batman film.[18] He started a diary, in which he wrote the Joker's thoughts and feelings to guide himself during his performance.[14] He was also given Batman: The Killing Joke and Arkham Asylum: A Serious House on Serious Earth to read, which he "really tried to read [...] and put it down".[16] Ledger also cited inspirations such as A Clockwork Orange and Sid Vicious, which were "a very early starting point for Christian [Bale] and I. But we kind of flew far away from that pretty quickly and into another world altogether.”[19][20] "There’s a bit of everything in him. There’s nothing that consistent," Ledger said, adding that "There are a few more surprises to him."[19] Heath Andrew Ledger (April 4, 1979 – January 22, 2008) was an Academy Award, BAFTA, Golden Globe, and SAG Award-nominated Australian-born film actor who lived in New York City. ... The Joker is a fictional character that appears in the comic books published by DC Comics. ... This article is about psychological theories of psychopathy. ... Mass murder (massacre) is the act of murdering a large number of people, typically at the same time, or over a relatively short period of time. ... For other uses, see Schizophrenia (disambiguation). ... This article is about emotional capacity. ... Psychological science redirects here. ... John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937), known as Jack Nicholson, is a three time Academy Award-winning American actor internationally renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award and Golden Globe-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and often dark gothic atmosphere in his high-profile films. ... For the album based on the film, see Batman (album). ... Cover to Batman: The Killing Joke. ... This article is about the film. ... For the professional wrestler, see Sid Eudy. ...


Before Ledger was confirmed to play the Joker in July 2006,[21] Paul Bettany,[22] Lachy Hulme,[23] Adrien Brody,[24] Steve Carell,[25] and Robin Williams[26] publicly expressed interest in the role. On not being invited to reprise the part, Jack Nicholson said: "You can't believe the reasons things do or don't happen. Not asking me how to do the sequel is that kind of thing. ... Maybe it's not a mistake. Maybe it was the right thing, but to be candid, I'm furious."[27] After the first official trailer was released, director Guillermo del Toro and comic book writer Jeph Loeb praised Ledger's portrayal of the character, while Batman: The Animated Series co-creator Paul Dini said, "He seems more street than any other version of the Joker. ... His attitude is mordant and sardonic as opposed to manic. ... No goofy gags or puns for him. This Joker doesn't split sides: he splits skulls."[28] Mark Hamill, who voiced the part on Batman: The Animated Series, said "The balls-out debauched psycho approach seems like a great way of reinventing everyone’s favorite scary (and scar-y) clown."[29] Early elections in November are announced in the Netherlands. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lachy Hulme as Sparks in The Matrix Revolutions. ... Adrien Brody (born April 14, 1973) is an American actor. ... Steven John Carell (born August 16, 1962[1]) is a Golden Globe- and Screen Actors Guild Award-winning American comedian, actor, producer and writer, who rose to fame as a correspondent on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, from 1999 to 2004. ... This article is about the American actor and comedian; for other people named Robin Williams, see Robin Williams (disambiguation). ... Guillermo del Toro Gómez (born October 9, 1964 in Guadalajara, Jalisco) is an Academy Award-nominated Mexican film director. ... Joseph Jeph Siegbert Loeb III is an American motion picture and television producer/writer and award-winning comic book writer. ... The animated Batman shoots his grappling gun from a rooftop in a scene from the episode, On Leather Wings. ... Paul Dini is an American television producer of animated cartoons. ... Mark Richard Hamill (born September 25, 1951) is an American actor. ... The animated Batman shoots his grappling gun from a rooftop in a scene from the episode, On Leather Wings. ...


After filming had already ended, Ledger died, on January 22, 2008, leading to intense press attention and memorial tributes. In March 2008, four months prior to the film's scheduled release, Larry Carroll reported that "like Batman himself, Christian Bale, Maggie Gyllenhaal and director Christopher Nolan find themselves shifting gears between being secretive, superheroic and fighting back a deep sadness."[20] "It was tremendously emotional, right when he passed, having to go back in and look at him every day," Nolan recalled. "But the truth is, I feel very lucky to have something productive to do, to have a performance that he was very, very proud of, and that he had entrusted to me to finish."[20] Nolan has dedicated the film to Ledger's memory.[30] All of Ledger's scenes were completed on set, and there will be no digital manipulation to complete his performance (unlike Oliver Reed in Gladiator).[31] Heath Andrew Ledger (April 4, 1979 – January 22, 2008) was an Academy Award, BAFTA, Golden Globe, and SAG Award-nominated Australian-born film actor who lived in New York City. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Robert Oliver Reed (February 13, 1938 – May 2, 1999) was an English actor known for his macho image on and off screen. ... This article is about the 2000 film. ...


Aaron Eckhart as Harvey Dent / Two-Face: The Gotham district attorney; Dent's battle with the Joker turns Dent into a murderous, disfigured vigilante called "Two-Face".[32][33] Producer Charles Roven described Dent as initially the "white knight of the city".[34] Wayne sees Dent as his heir, which comes back to the theme of him realizing that being Batman will be a lifelong mission, and the tragedy that follows when Dent is corrupted.[30] Whereas Two-Face is an evil villain in the comics, Nolan chose to portray him as a twisted vigilante to emphasize his role as Batman's counterpart, and Eckhart, who has played corrupt men in films such as The Black Dahlia, Thank You For Smoking and In the Company of Men, notes: "[He] is still true to himself. He's a crime fighter, he's not killing good people. He's not a bad guy, not purely," while admitting: "I'm interested in good guys gone wrong."[32][33] Nolan and David S. Goyer had originally considered using Dent in Batman Begins, but they replaced him with the new character Rachel Dawes when they realized they "couldn’t do him justice".[35][36] Before Eckhart was cast in February 2007, Liev Schreiber,[37] Josh Lucas,[38] and Ryan Phillippe[39] had expressed interest in the role.[40] Nolan chose Eckhart, whom he had considered for the lead role in Memento, citing his "extraordinary" ability as an actor, his embodiment of "that kind of chiselled, American hero quality" projected by Robert Redford, and his subtextual "edge".[41] Aaron Edward Eckhart (born March 12, 1968) is a Golden Globe-nominated American film actor. ... Two-Face is a fictional character, a supervillain and enemy of Batman in the DC Comics Universe. ... A district attorney is, in some U.S. jurisdictions, the title of the local public official who represents the government in the prosecution of criminals. ... For other uses, see Vigilante (disambiguation). ... The Black Dahlia is an Academy Award-nominated 2006 film directed by Brian De Palma. ... Thank You for Smoking is a 2006, Golden Globe nominated film satire directed by Jason Reitman and produced by David O. Sacks. ... In the Company of Men is a 1997 film written and directed by Neil LaBute and starring Aaron Eckhart, Matt Malloy and Stacy Edwards. ... David S. Goyer is a comic book writer, screenwriter, and film director. ... Rachel Dawes is a fictional character created for the 2005 Batman film Batman Begins. ... February 2007 is the second month of the year. ... Liev Schreiber (born October 4, 1967) is a Tony Award-winning American actor. ... Josh Lucas (born June 20, 1971) is an American actor. ... Ryan Phillippe (born Matthew Ryan Phillippe on September 10, 1974) is an American actor. ... Memento is a neo-noir–psychological thriller film written and directed by Christopher Nolan, adapted from his brother Jonathans short story Memento Mori. ... Robert Redford (born August 18, 1936)[1] is an Academy Award-winning American motion picture director, actor, producer, businessman, model, environmentalist and philanthropist. ... Subtext is content of a book, play, film or television series which is not announced explicitly by the characters (or author) but is implicit or becomes something understood by the reader / viewer as the production unfolds. ...


Maggie Gyllenhaal as Rachel Dawes: The Gotham assistant D.A. and childhood friend of Bruce Wayne, she is one of the few people who know that he is Batman. Gyllenhaal has acknowledged that her character is a damsel in distress to an extent, adding that Nolan had sought ways to empower her character so that "Rachel's really clear about what's important to her and unwilling to compromise her morals, which made a nice change" from the many conflicted characters whom she has previously portrayed.[42] In August 2005, before the casting of Gyllenhaal, producer Charles Roven had reported that actress Katie Holmes (who portrayed Rachel Dawes in Batman Begins) was going to reprise the role in The Dark Knight[43]; however, in January 2007, Holmes turned down the offer to reprise her role as Rachel Dawes due to scheduling conflicts,[44] and, by March 2007, Gyllenhaal was in "final talks" for the part.[45] Maggie Ruth Gyllenhaal (born November 16, 1977) is an American actress. ... Rachel Dawes is a fictional character created for the 2005 Batman film Batman Begins. ... A poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in August August 31: Michael Sheard August 26: Lord Fitt August 24: Jack Slipper August 24: Maurice Cowling August 24: Dr. Tom Pashby August 23: Brock Peters August 22: Lord Lane August 21: Robert Moog August... Katie Holmes (born December 18, 1978) is an American actress who first achieved fame for her role as Joey Potter on The WB television teen drama Dawsons Creek from 1998 to 2003. ... January 2007 is the first month of that year. ...


Supporting characters include:

Beatrice Rosen and Joshua Harto both have minor roles.[55] Chucky Venice plays a bodyguard of Gambol.[56] Keith Szarabajka plays Detective Stephens.[57] Edison Chen cameos as a villain.[58] Batman fan and United States Senator Patrick Leahy, who previously was an extra in the 1997 Batman & Robin and also was a guest voice actor on Batman: The Animated Series, will have a cameo in The Dark Knight, in a scene with Batman and the Joker.[59] Singaporean actor Ng Chin Han also reportedly has a "major and highly-confidential" role in the film.[60] Melinda McGraw and Nathan Gamble also appear as Gordon's wife and son.[61] Gary Leonard Oldman[1] (born March 21, 1958) is an Emmy and Screen Actors Guild-nominated, Saturn and BAFTA award-winning English-born American[2] film actor, writer and director. ... James Jim Worthington Gordon is a supporting character in DC Comics Batman series. ... The Gotham City Police Department (GCPD) is a fictional police department servicing the city of Gotham City in the DC Universe. ... This article is about the English actor. ... Alfred Pennyworth is a fictional supporting character in the DC Comics Batman series. ... For other uses, see Butler (disambiguation). ... Father Figure was a song written and performed by George Michael and releaed on Epic records in 1988. ... Wayne Manor in 1989s Batman. ... For the Dawsons Creek director, see Morgan J. Freeman. ... Lucius Fox is a fictional character appearing in Batman comic books by DC Comics. ... Chief Executive redirects here. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Eric Anthony Roberts (born on April 18, 1956, in Biloxi, Mississippi) is an Academy Award-nominated American film and stage actor. ... Sal Maroni. ... Carmine The Roman Falcone is a fictional character in the DC Comics universe who made his debut in the four part story Batman: Year One, written by Frank Miller and David Mazzucchelli, in 1987. ... Robert William Bob Hoskins Jr. ... James R. Gandolfini (born September 18, 1961) is a three-time Emmy award winning American actor known for multifaceted portrayals of conscientious yet often inherently sinister characters. ... Michael Jai White (born November 10, 1967) is an American actor and professional martial artist who has appeared in numerous films and television series. ... This article is about a musician. ... Nestor Carbonell (born December 1, 1967 in New York, New York) is an American actor best known for his role as Luis Rivera on the sitcom Suddenly Susan. ... Cillian Murphy[1] (born 25 May 1976) is an Irish film and theatre actor. ... This article deals with the Scarecrow of DC Comics. ... Arkham Asylum as it appeared on Batman: The Animated Series. ... William Edward Bill Fichtner (born November 27, 1956) is an american supporting actor, often credited as William Fichtner and occasionally as Bill Fichtner. ... Michael Mann is the name of: Michael Mann (film director) (born 1943) Michael Mann (scientist), climate researcher. ... Heat is an American made crime/thriller/drama film released on December 15, 1995. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Dwight Sings Buck is country music artist Dwight Yoakams tribute album to Buck Owens. ... Michael Anthony Thomas Charles Hall (born April 14, 1968), known professionally as Anthony Michael Hall, is an American actor, producer and director who achieved stardom in several successful teen-oriented films of the 1980s. ... Béatrice Rosen is a French-born actress. ... This page has been deleted, and should not be re-created without a good reason. ... Chucky Venice is an English actor, mostly famous for his role as a football player in the hit-TV show Footballers Wives. ... Keith Szarabajka Keith Szarabajka was born on December 2, 1952, in Oak Park, Illinois, USA. He attended University of Chicago, as well as Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas. ... Edison Chen Koon-Hei is a Chinese-Canadian movie actor, singer and pop icon based in Hong Kong. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont. ... For the 1949 serial Batman and Robin, see Batman and Robin (serial). ... The animated Batman shoots his grappling gun from a rooftop in a scene from the episode, On Leather Wings. ... Melinda Leigh McGraw (born October 25, 1963) is an American actress. ... Nathan Gamble (born January 12, 1998)[2] is an American child actor. ...


Production

Development

Before the release of Batman Begins, screenwriter David S. Goyer wrote a treatment for two sequels, which introduced the Joker and Harvey Dent, and whose original intention was that the Joker would scar Dent during his trial in the third film, turning him into Two-Face.[62] When asked about those roles, Nolan has explained that, in developing a film, he does not think "in terms of sequels .... I think in terms of making this film the best film it can be and the most complete film it can be."[15] Goyer, who wrote the first draft of the screenplay, cites the DC Comics 13-issue comic book limited series Batman: The Long Halloween as the major influence on his conception of the storyline.[35] While initially unsure of whether the Joker would return, Nolan did want to reinterpret the Joker on screen.[13] After much research, his brother and co-writer Jonathan suggested the Joker's first appearance in the two first issues of Batman as the crucial influence.[15] Jerry Robinson, one of the Joker's co-creators, was consulted about the character's portrayal.[63] Nolan decided to avoid having to tell an in-depth origin story for the character, portraying his rise to power instead.[15] He explained, "To me, the Joker is an absolute. There are no shades of gray to him [...] He bursts in just as he did in the comics."[52] David S. Goyer is a comic book writer, screenwriter, and film director. ... A treatment or more properly film treatment is a short piece of prose intended to be turned into a screenplay for a motion picture. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... The limited series is a term referring to a comic book series with a set finite number of issues. ... Jonathan Nolan (b. ... Batman is an ongoing comic book series featuring the DC Comics action hero of the same name. ... Detective Comics #38 (May 1940), the first appearance of Robin. ... In comic book terminology, the phrase origin story refers to a story or backstory revealing how a male character went through a sex change, or the circumstances under which they became superheroes or supervillains. ...

"As we looked through the comics, there was this fascinating idea that Batman's presence in Gotham actually attracts criminals to Gotham, [it] attracts lunacy. When you're dealing with questionable notions like people taking the law into their own hands, you have to really ask, where does that lead? That's what makes the character so dark, because he expresses a vengeful desire."
—Nolan on the theme of escalation[2]

On July 31, 2006, Warner Bros. Pictures officially announced the initiation of production for the sequel, titled The Dark Knight.[21] This makes it the first live-action Batman film without the word "Batman" in its title, which Bale noted as signaling that "this take on Batman of mine and Chris' is very different from any of the others."[64] Nolan described the sequel's theme as escalation, continuing how Batman Begins ended, with "things having to get worse before they get better".[65] The director indicated that the film will continue the themes of Batman Begins, including justice vs. revenge and Bruce Wayne's issues with his father,[66] but it would also show more of Batman as a detective, an element which they did not have time to convey in Batman Begins.[9] He described the friendly rivalry between Bruce Wayne and Harvey Dent as the "backbone" of the film.[52] Nolan has cited Heat, the 1995 film directed by Michael Mann starring Robert De Niro and Al Pacino, as well as some other films, as "sort of an inspiration" in the film's attempt "to tell a very large, city story or the story of a city".[15] is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas Wayne is a fictional character of the Batman series of comic books. ... Gumshoe redirects here. ... Heat is an American made crime/thriller/drama film released on December 15, 1995. ... Michael Mann is the name of: Michael Mann (film director) (born 1943) Michael Mann (scientist), climate researcher. ... Robert Mario De Niro, Jr. ... Alfredo James Pacino (born April 25, 1940) is an Academy, Golden Globe, Tony, BAFTA, Emmy, and SAG award winning American actor who is best known for playing the roles of Tony Montana in the 1983 film Scarface and Michael Corleone in The Godfather Trilogy . ...


Filming

While scouting for shooting locations in October 2006, location manager Robin Higgs visited Liverpool, concentrating mainly along the city's waterfront. Other candidates included Yorkshire, Glasgow, and parts of London.[67] In August 2006, one of the film's producers, Charles Roven, stated that its principal photography would begin in March 2007,[68] but filming was pushed back to April.[69] For its release in IMAX theaters, Nolan shot four major action sequences in that format, including the Joker's introduction, and said that he wished that it were possible to shoot the entire film in IMAX: "if you could take an IMAX camera to Mount Everest or outer space, you could use it in a feature movie."[70] For fifteen years Nolan had wanted to shoot in the IMAX format, and he used it also for "quiet scenes which pictorially we thought would be interesting."[52] October 2006 is the tenth month of that year and has yet to occur. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Yorkshire (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... August 2006 is the eighth month of that year, and has yet to occur. ... March 2007 is the third month of the year. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film display systems. ... Everest redirects here. ...

Director Christopher Nolan (far left) and actor Heath Ledger (in make-up) filming a scene in The Dark Knight with an IMAX camera

Warner Bros. chose to film in Chicago for 13 weeks, because Nolan had had a "truly remarkable experience" filming part of Batman Begins there.[71][72] While filming in Chicago, the film was given the false title "Rory's First Kiss" to lower the visibility of production, but the local media eventually uncovered the ruse.[73] As The Guardian observes, Richard Roeper of The Chicago Sun-Times commented on the absurdity of the technique, "Is there a Bat-fan in the world that doesn't know 'Rory's First Kiss' is actually 'The Dark Knight', which has been filming in Chicago for weeks?"[74] Production of The Dark Knight in Chicago generated $45 million in the city's economy and created thousands of jobs.[75] For the film's prologue involving the Joker, the crew shot in Chicago from April 18 to April 24, 2007.[76][77] They returned to shoot from June 9, 2007 to early September.[75] Shooting locations included Navy Pier, 330 North Wabash, James R. Thompson Center, LaSalle Street, The Berghoff, Hotel 71, the old Brach's factory, the old Van Buren Street Post Office and Wacker Drive.[78] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Christopher Nolan (born July 30, 1970) is an Academy Award nominated film director, writer and producer. ... Heath Andrew Ledger (April 4, 1979 – January 22, 2008) was an Academy Award, BAFTA, Golden Globe, and SAG Award-nominated Australian-born film actor who lived in New York City. ... Make-up redirects here. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film display systems. ... “WB” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... Richard Roeper (born October 17, 1959)[1] is a columnist/film critic for the Chicago Sun-Times and, since September of 2000, has co-hosted the television series At the Movies with Ebert & Roeper with fellow film critic Roger Ebert. ... Chicago Sun-Times The Chicago Sun-Times is an American newspaper publishing out of Chicago, Illinois. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Navy Pier seen from the John Hancock Center Navy Pier is a 3,000 foot long pier on the Chicago shoreline of Lake Michigan. ... 330 North Wabash (formerly IBM Plaza) is a skyscraper in downtown Chicago, Illinois, at 330 North Wabash Avenue, designed by famed architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. ... The James R. Thompson Center (JRTC) is located at 100 W. Randolph in the Loop, Chicago, Illinois and houses many Illinois State Departmental office. ... LaSalle Street is a major north-south street in Chicago. ... The Berghoff Restaurant, Chicago The Berghoff restaurant, at 17 West Adams Street, near the center of the Chicago Loop, was opened in 1898 by Herman Joseph Berghoff and has become a Chicago landmark. ... All three levels of Wacker Drive, east of Columbus Drive, including a ramp between the upper and lower (middle) levels Wacker Drive is a major street in Chicago, Illinois, United States, running along the south side of the main branch and the east side of the south branch of the...



According to Michael Caine, the film would also shoot in London, Los Angeles, and Baltimore.[79] While planning a stunt with the Batmobile in a special effects facility near Chertsey, England in September 2007, technician Conway Wickliffe was killed when his car crashed. None of the actors were on set.[80] The film was dedicated to him.[81] The following month in London at the defunct Battersea Power Station, a rigged 200-foot fireball was filmed, reportedly for an opening sequence, prompting calls from local residents who feared a terrorist attack on the station.[82] This article is about the English actor. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... The Tumbler Batmobile as seen in Batman Begins. ... , The Old Town Hall Level crossing at Chertsey, as the barriers rise Chertsey is a town in Surrey, England, on the River Thames, and its tributary rivers such as the River Bourne. ... September 2007 is the ninth month of that year. ... Battersea Power Station viewed from the north bank of the River Thames at Pimlico. ... This article is becoming very long. ...


Filming took place in Hong Kong from November 6 to November 11, 2007, at the Central-Mid-Levels escalators, Queen's Road, The Center, and International Finance Centre.[83][84][85] The city's walled city of Kowloon influenced the Narrows in Batman Begins.[86] The shoot hired helicopters and C-130 aircraft.[83] Officials expressed concern over possible noise pollution and traffic.[84] In response, letters sent to the city's residents promised that the sound level would approximate noise decibels made by buses.[83] Environmentalists also criticized the filmmakers' request to tenants of the waterfront skyscrapers to keep their lights on all night in order to enhance the cinematography, describing it as a waste of energy.[84] Cinematographer Wally Pfister found the city officials a "nightmare", and ultimately Nolan had to create Batman's jump from a skyscraper (which Bale had looked forward to performing) digitally.[31] is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... An entrance to the Central-Mid-levels escalator. ... A painting of Queens Road Central in 1865 The Japanese army marched into the City on 26 December 1941, following the fall of Hong Kong. ... A screen showing financial news at The Center, an office complex in Central. ... International Finance Centre (abbr. ... This article is about the former unique residential block in Hong Kong. ... One possible map of Gotham. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules, a four-engine turboprop aircraft, is the main tactical air transport aircraft of the United States and UK military forces. ... The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ... Cinematography (from Greek: kinesis (movement) and grapho (to record)), is the discipline of making lighting and camera choices when recording photographic images for the cinema. ... Wally Pfister is an American cinematographer who is best known for his nomination for Academy Award for Best Cinematography in 2005 for Batman Begins. ...


Design

Heath Ledger as the Joker. The Joker's scruffy and grungy make-up is intended as a reflection of his "edgy" character.

Costume designer Lindy Hemming described the Joker's look as reflecting his personality — that "he doesn't care about himself at all"; she avoided designing him as a vagrant but still made him appear to be "scruffier, grungier", so that "when you see him move, he's slightly twitchier or edgy."[13][17] Nolan noted, "We gave a Francis Bacon spin to [his face]. This corruption, this decay in the texture of the look itself. It's grubby. You can almost imagine what he smells like."[87] In creating the "anarchical" look of the Joker, Hemming drew inspiration from such countercultural pop culture artists as Pete Doherty, Iggy Pop, and Johnny Rotten.[9][88] During the course of the film, the Joker never removes his make-up, causing it to become more unkempt and resemble an infection as it worsens.[13] Ledger described his "clown" mask, made up of three pieces of stamped silicone, as a "new technology", much quicker to apply than regular prosthetics, and he felt that he was barely wearing any make-up at all.[18] It took only an hour for the make-up artists to apply to Ledger's face.[13] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... John Everett Millais The Blind Girl: vagrant musicians See also vagrancy (biology) for an alternative use of the term. ... Francis Bacon (28 October 1909 – 28 April 1992) was an Irish-born figurative painter. ... For the Roy Harper album Counter Culture, see Counter Culture. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in a modern society. ... Peter Doherty (born March 12, 1979) is an English musician, artist and poet. ... James Newell Osterberg, Jr. ... John Joseph Lydon (born 31 January 1956), also known as Johnny Rotten, is an English rock musician. ... Make-up redirects here. ... An infection is the detrimental colonization of a host organism by a foreign species. ... Not to be confused with the element silicon. ... A facial prosthetic or facial prosthesis is an artificial device used to change or adapt a persons outward appearance. ... A make-up artist is an artist who creates makeup and prosthetics for theatrical, television, film and other similar productions including the modeling world. ...


Designers improved on the design of the Batsuit from Batman Begins, adding wide elastic banding to help bind the costume to Bale, and suggest more sophisticated technology. It was constructed from 200 individual pieces of rubber, fiberglass, metallic mesh, and nylon. The new cowl was modeled after a motorcycle helmet and separated from the neck piece, allowing Bale to turn his head left and right and nod up and down.[89] The cowl is equipped to show white lenses over the eyes when the character turns on his sonar detection.[90] The gauntlets have retractable razors which are able to be fired.[89] The gloves also possess hydraulics for Batman to crush objects. The original suit will also be worn during part of the film. Though the new costume is eight pounds heavier, Bale found it more comfortable and less hot to wear.[9] Batmans current costume, as shown in the Hush story arc. ... This article is about the polymeric material. ... Bundle of fiberglass Fiberglass (also called fibreglass and glass fibre) is material made from extremely fine fibers of glass. ... For other uses, see Mesh (disambiguation). ... For other uses of this word, see nylon (disambiguation). ... Two white motorcycle helmets, full-face and open-face. ... This article is about underwater sound propagation. ... Pair of gauntlets, Germany, end of the 16th century Gauntlet is a name for several different styles of glove. ... Hydraulics is a branch of science and engineering concerned with the use of liquids to perform mechanical tasks. ...


The film introduces the Batpod, which is a recreation of the Batcycle. Crowley, who designed the Tumbler for Batman Begins, designed six models (built by Chris Corbould) for use in the film's production, because of necessary crash scenes and possible accidents.[91] Crowley built a prototype in Nolan's garage, before six months of safety tests were conducted.[9] The Batpod is steered by shoulder instead of hand, and the rider's arms are protected by sleeve-like shields. The bike has 508 millimeter (20-inch) front and rear tires, and is made to appear as if it is armed with grappling hooks, cannons, and machine guns. The engines are located in the hubs of the wheels, which are set 3 1/2 feet (1067 mm) apart on either side of the tank. The rider lies belly down on the tank, which can move up and down in order to dodge any incoming gunfire that Batman may encounter. Stuntman Jean-Pierre Goy doubled for Christian Bale during the riding sequences in The Dark Knight.[91] The Batcycle from Batman: The Movie. ... Chris Corbould is a four time BAFTA nominated British special effects coordinator best known for his work on major blockbuster films and the action scenes on some 11 James Bond films since the early 1980s. ... Stuntman refers to any of several types of skilled performers. ... Christian Charles Philip Bale (also known professionally as Christian Morgan Bale; born 30 January 1974) is a Screen Actors Guild Award-nominated, Saturn Award-winning Welsh actor[2][3] whose film credits include Empire of the Sun, American Psycho, Equilibrium, The Machinist, Batman Begins and the upcoming The Dark Knight. ...


For Two-Face's make-up, Eckhart warned, "When you look at [him], you should get sick to your stomach. Being the guy under all that, well, that was a lot of fun for me. It's like you would feel if you met someone whose face had pretty much been ripped off or burned off with acid [...] There are fans on the Internet who have done artist's versions of what they think it will look like, and I can tell you this: They're thinking small; Chris is going way farther than people think."[32]


The depiction of Gotham City is less gritty than in Batman Begins. "I've tried to unclutter the Gotham we created on the last film," said production designer Nathan Crowley. "Gotham is in chaos. We keep blowing up stuff. So we can keep our images clean."[2] This article is about the fictional place. ... Production designer is a term used in the movie and television industries to refer to the person responsible for the overall look of a filmed event such as films, TV programs, music videos or adverts. ...


Music

Main article: The Dark Knight (soundtrack)

Batman Begins composers Hans Zimmer and James Newton Howard returned to score the sequel. Zimmer originally said the main Batman theme was purposely introduced at the end of Batman Begins, and would be fleshed out in the sequel as the character develops.[92] Zimmer and Howard both realized that creating a heroic theme that a viewer could hum would ignore the complexity and darkness of the character. That the heroic theme is audible only twice, early on in the film, creates what Zimmer described as a "red herring", a kind of musical foreshadowing.[93] Hans Florian Zimmer (born September 12, 1957) is an Academy Award, Grammy, and Golden Globe award-winning film score composer from Germany. ... This article is about James Howard, the composer. ... A hum is a sound made by singing a wordless tone with the mouth completely closed, forcing the sound to emerge from the nose. ... This article is about Foreshadowing, the literary device. ...


Their over nine-minute suite for the Joker is based around two notes. Zimmer compared its style to the band Kraftwerk, who come from his native Germany, as well as his work with bands like The Damned.[93] When Ledger died, Zimmer felt like scrapping and composing a new theme, but decided that he could not be sentimental and compromise the "evil [performance] projects".[94] Howard composed Dent's "elegant and beautiful" themes, which would work as a contrast.[93] In music, a suite is an organized set of instrumental or orchestral pieces normally performed at a single sitting, as a separate musical performance, not accompanying an opera, ballet, or theater-piece. ... Kraftwerk (pronounced , German for power plant or power station) is an influential electronic-music band from Düsseldorf, Germany. ... This article is about the band. ...


Release

The film premieres at the AMC Loews IMAX theater in Lincoln Square, New York on July 14, 2008. Prior to the screening of the film, Hans Zimmer and James Newton Howard will perform live on stage at the theater.[95] AMC Promenade 16 multiplex in the Woodland Hills area of Los Angeles, California. ... Loews Theatre, Jersey City, New Jersey Loews Theatres, founded in 1904 by Mark Loewsburgenstein, was the oldest theatre chain operating in North America until it merged with AMC Theatres on January 26, 2006. ... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film display systems. ... Lincoln Square is the name of both a square and the surrounding neighborhood in Manhattan, New York City. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Hans Florian Zimmer (born September 12, 1957) is an Academy Award, Grammy, and Golden Globe award-winning film score composer from Germany. ... This article is about James Howard, the composer. ...


Marketing

In May 2007, 42 Entertainment began a viral marketing campaign utilizing the film's "Why So Serious?" tagline with the launch of a website featuring the fictional political campaign of Harvey Dent, with the caption, "I Believe in Harvey Dent."[96] The site aimed to interest fans by having them try to earn what they wanted to see and, on behalf of Warner Bros., 42 Entertainment also established a "vandalized" version of I Believe in Harvey Dent, called "I believe in Harvey Dent too," where e-mails sent by fans slowly removed pixels, revealing the first official image of the Joker; it was ultimately replaced with many "Haha"s and a hidden message that said "see you in December."[97] May 2007 is the fifth month of that year. ... 42 Entertainment (originally 4orty 2wo Entertainment) is a Seattle-based creator of alternate reality games (ARGs) founded by Jordan Weisman. ... Viral marketing and viral advertising refer to marketing techniques that use pre-existing social networks to produce increases in brand awareness, through self-replicating viral processes, analogous to the spread of pathological and computer viruses. ... A tagline is a variant of a branding slogan typically used in marketing materials and advertising. ... Vandalism is the conspicuous defacement or destruction of a structure, a symbol or anything else that goes against the will of the owner/governing body. ... This article is about the picture element. ...

WhySoSerious.com directed fans to find letters composing the Joker's message "The only sensible way to live in this world is without rules," to send in photographs of these letters, and then featured their photos in a collage.
The Toyota Formula One team raced with a special livery at the 2008 British Grand Prix to promote the film.

During the 2007 Comic-Con International, 42 Entertainment launched WhySoSerious.com, sending fans on a scavenger hunt to unlock a teaser trailer and a new photo of the Joker.[98] During that month, WhySoSerious.com featured an animated jack-o'-lantern whose mouth was shaped like a bat-logo. The candle in the jack-o'-lantern melted as time progressed, while half of the pumpkin's face simultaneously deteriorated.[99] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Joker is a fictional character that appears in the comic books published by DC Comics. ... Toyota F1 is a Formula One team run by Japanese car manufacturer Toyota and based in Cologne, Germany. ... F1 redirects here. ... The 2008 British Grand Prix is the ninth race of the 2008 Formula One season. ... Comic-Con International, commonly known as Comic-Con or the San Diego Comic-Con, is an annual multigenre fan convention founded as the Golden State Comic Book Convention and later the San Diego Comic Book Convention in 1970 by Shel Dorf and a group of San Diegans. ... A scavenger hunt is a game in which individuals or teams seek to find a number of specific items, or perform tasks, as given in a list. ... Jack-o-lanterns may be carved with a friendly face, above, a menacing sawtooth scowl, or any look in between. ...


On October 31, 2007, the film's website morphed into another scavenger hunt with hidden messages, instructing fans to uncover clues at certain locations in major cities throughout the United States, and to take photographs of their discoveries. The clues combined to reveal a new photograph of the Joker from the film, accompanied by an audio MP3 clip of Ledger's recorded voice saying, "And tonight, you're gonna break your one rule." Completing the scavenger hunt also led to another website called Rory's Death Kiss,[99] where fans could submit photographs of themselves costumed as the Joker set in various landscapes. Those who sent photos were mailed a copy of a fictional newspaper called The Gotham Times, whose electronic version led to the discovery of numerous other websites.[100][101] is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see MP3 (disambiguation). ...


The Dark Knight's opening sequence, (showing a bank raid by the Joker) and closing montage of other scenes from the film, was screened with selected IMAX screenings of I Am Legend, which was released on December 14, 2007.[52] A theatrical teaser was also released with non-IMAX showings of I Am Legend, and also on the official website.[102] The sequence will be released on the Blu-ray Disc edition of Batman Begins on July 8, 2008.[103] IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film display systems. ... I Am Legend is a 2007 American post-apocalyptic science fiction film directed by Francis Lawrence and starring Will Smith. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... A teaser (or a two-team teaser) is a type of gambling bet that allows the bettor to combine his bets on two different games. ... Blu-ray Disc (also known as Blu-ray or BD) is an optical disc storage media format. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...


After the death of Heath Ledger, on January 22, 2008, Warner Bros. adjusted its promotional focus on the Joker.[3] It revised some of its websites dedicated to promoting the film, posting a memorial tribute to Ledger on the film's official website[104] and overlaying a black memorial ribbon on the photo collage in WhySoSerious.com.[105] On February 29, 2008, I Believe in Harvey Dent was updated to enable fans to send their e-mail addresses and phone numbers.[106] In March 2008, Harvey Dent's fictional campaign informed fans that actual campaign buses nicknamed "Dentmobiles" would tour various cities to promote Dent's candidacy for district attorney.[107] Heath Andrew Ledger (April 4, 1979 – January 22, 2008) was an Academy Award, BAFTA, Golden Globe, and SAG Award-nominated Australian-born film actor who lived in New York City. ... is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 2008, Six Flags Great America and Six Flags Great Adventure theme parks will open The Dark Knight roller coaster; costing $7.5 million to develop, the ride simulates the feeling of being stalked by the Joker.[108] Mattel is producing toys and games for The Dark Knight, action figures, role play costumes, board games, puzzles, and a special-edition UNO card game for commercial distribution in June 2008.[109] Leading up to the film's opening, the studio will release Batman: Gotham Knight, a direct-to-DVD animated film, set between Batman Begins and The Dark Knight and featuring six original stories, directed by Bruce Timm, co-creator and producer of Batman: The Animated Series. Each of these segments, written by Josh Olson, David S. Goyer, Brian Azzarello, Greg Rucka, Jordan Goldberg, and Alan Burnett, presents its own distinctive artistic style, paralleling numerous artists collaborating in the same DC Universe.[110] Six Flags Great America is the Chicago metropolitan areas Six Flags theme park located in Gurnee, Illinois. ... Six Flags Great Adventure is a theme park in Jackson Township, New Jersey, located 67 miles from New York City, 60 miles from Newark and 50 miles from Philadelphia, consisting of a theme park area, a Wild Safari area, and a water park, Hurricane Harbor. ... The Dark Knight is an indoor steel roller coaster designed by MACK Rides. ... A typical roller coaster The roller coaster is a popular amusement ride developed for amusement parks and modern theme parks. ... USD redirects here. ... In mathematics, stalk usually refers to the idea of the stalk of a sheaf. ... Mattel headquarters in El Segundo Mattel Inc. ... In role-playing, participants adopt characters, or parts, that have personalities, motivations, and backgrounds different from their own. ... Uno (pronounced ) (spanish for one) is a sport/card game played with a specially printed deck (see Mau Mau for an almost identical game played with normal playing cards). ... June 2008 is the sixth month of the current leap year. ... A film that is released direct-to-video (also straight-to-video) is one which has been released to the public on home video formats first rather than first being released in movie theaters. ... Bruce Walter Timm (born on February 8, 1961) is an American character designer, animator and producer. ... The animated Batman shoots his grappling gun from a rooftop in a scene from the episode, On Leather Wings. ... Josh Olson is an Academy Award nominated screenwriter and director. ... David S. Goyer is a comic book writer, screenwriter, and film director. ... Brian Azzarello (born in Cleveland, Ohio) is an American comic book writer. ... Greg Rucka is an American writer of novels and comic books. ... Alan Burnett is a television writer responsible for the Ducktales movie and many other shows. ... Cover to the History of the DC Universe trade paperback. ...


Reception

Early reviews for The Dark Knight have been overwhelmingly positive. Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave The Dark Knight 3.5 out of 4 stars, calling the film "haunting and visionary" and commenting that it "soars on the wings of untamed imagination". He particularly praised Nolan and Ledger, who he suggested could get a posthumous Academy Award nomination.[111] Larry Carroll, a film news writer for MTV Networks, praised the cinematography and described it as "the best Batman movie ever made.[112][113] Emanuel Levy gave the film an A, stating the film is "nothing short of brilliant" and "the best and scariest comic hero adaptation you are likely to see this summer season, and perhaps during the whole year."[114] Film director Kevin Smith was astounded by the film, declaring it "an epic", "The Godfather II of comic book movies", and "close to a masterpiece".[115] Todd Gilchrist of IGN gave the film a 10/10 and 5 stars stating that "Nolan's sequel surpasses the original with an intense, disturbing masterpiece".[116] Staci Layne Wilson from Horror.com stated that "Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight can join the ranks as one of the best crime dramas in modern movie history."[117] B. Alan Orange of Movieweb.com gives The Dark Knight 5 stars out of 5, describing it as "An outstanding achievement in pulp cinema."[118] Peter Travers is the film critic for Rolling Stone magazine. ... This article is about the magazine. ... A posthumous recognition is a ceremonial award given after the recipient has passed away. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Viacom Satellite Broadcasting is a division of media conglomerate Viacom that oversees the operation of many TV network and Internet brands, including the first MTV channel. ... Emanuel Levy is an American film critic active since the early 1980s. ... This article is about the American screenwriter, film director, actor and comic book writer. ... Al Pacino as Don Michael Corleone in The Godfather Part II The Godfather, Part II is the 1974 sequel to The Godfather. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Notes

  1. ^ The Dark Knight at the BBFC. British Board of Film Classification (2008-06-25). Retrieved on 2008-07-01.
  2. ^ a b c d David Halbfinger. "A Director Confronts Darkness and Death", The New York Times, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr., 2008-03-09. Retrieved on 2008-03-08. 
  3. ^ a b Marshall Crook and Peter Sanders. "Advertising: Will Marketing Change After Star's Death?", The Wall Street Journal, online.wsj.com, 2008-01-24, pp. B1. Retrieved on 2008-06-04. 
  4. ^ "Ledger's Death Puts Last Films in a Bind", SHOWBIZZ: Movies, CNN.com, 2008-01-24. Retrieved on 2008-01-28. 
  5. ^ The Dark Knight. Theiapolis Cinema (Beta). theiapolis.com. Retrieved on 2008-03-17. “Sources: Warner Bros. Pictures, Legendary Pictures, DC Comics and Syncopy.”
  6. ^ "Warner Locks In '08 Films", Sci Fi Wire, scifiwire.com, 2007-12-28. Retrieved on 2007-12-29. 
  7. ^ "Film Distributors Association", Launching Films, launchingfilms.com. Retrieved on 2007-04-15. 
  8. ^ "New Dark Knight Synopsis", IGN Movies, ign.com, 2007-12-13. Retrieved on 2007-12-13. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "Joker's Wild", Wizard, wizarduniverse.com, 2008-02-11. Retrieved on 2008-02-11. 
  10. ^ a b "WWC — 'The Dark Knight' Panel", Wizard, wizarduniverse.com, 2007-08-11. Retrieved on 2007-08-12. 
  11. ^ Dark Knight. KeysiFM.com. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.
  12. ^ Lewis Beale. "Fast Chat: Christian Bale", Newsday, web.archive.org, 2007-07-15. Retrieved on 2008-04-19. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f Dan Jolin. "Fear Has a Face", Empire, empireonline.com, January 2008, pp. 87-88.  (Empire, issue no. 223 (January 2008), in Empire Covers Archive).
  14. ^ a b Sarah Lyall. "In Stetson or Wig, He’s Hard to Pin Down", The New York Times, nytimes.com, 2007-11-04. Retrieved on 2007-11-05. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g Stax. "IGN interviews Christopher Nolan", IGN Movies, ign.com, 2007-12-06. Retrieved on 2008-06-03. 
  16. ^ a b Silas Lesnick. "IESB Exclusive: Heath Ledger Talks the Joker!", The Movie Reporter, IESB.net, 2007-11-10. Retrieved on 2007-11-12. 
  17. ^ a b "The Joker Speaks", Empire, 2007-11-28. Retrieved on 2008-03-30. "This is not your Jack Nicholson or Cesar Romero Joker. The new incarnation of the character is cruel and psycho to the core. And getting into that mindset meant Ledger marina[t]ing himself in nothing but Joker before shooting." 
  18. ^ a b "Joker in the Pack", SFX magazine, Christmas 2007, pp. 18. 
  19. ^ a b Josh Horowitz. "Heath Ledger Says His Joker Has 'Zero Empathy' ", MTV Movies Blog, MTV.com, 2007-11-10. Retrieved on 2007-11-12. 
  20. ^ a b c Larry Carroll. "'Dark Knight' Stars, Director Want Film To 'Celebrate' Heath Ledger's Work", MTV Movies Blog, MTV.com, 2008-03-18. Retrieved on 2008-06-05. "Christian Bale says Ledger's Joker will be 'incredibly memorable for years to come'." 
  21. ^ a b Warner Bros. Pictures. "Batman Sequel Title & Casting Confirmed!", Movie News, ComingSoon.net, 2006-07-31. Retrieved on 2006-07-31. 
  22. ^ Kellvin Chavez. "Bettany Talks Batman Begins Sequel!", Latino Review, latinoreview.com, 2006-01-28. Retrieved on 2006-07-31. 
  23. ^ Mark Beall. "Lachy Hulme Talks Joker", Cinematical, cinematical.com, 2006-05-30. Retrieved on 2006-07-31. 
  24. ^ Stax. "That Joker Adrien Brody", IGN comics, ign.com, 2006-01-09. Retrieved on 2006-07-31. 
  25. ^ Daniel Saney. "Steve Carell to play The Joker?", Digital Spy, digitalspy.co.uk, 2005-09-21. Retrieved on 2007-12-09. 
  26. ^ Jeff Otto. "Robin Williams, Joker?", IGN Filmforce, ign.com, 2006-06-26. Retrieved on 2006-07-31. 
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Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... CNN.com is the news website maintained by CNN. The website debuted on August 30, 1995, and it describes itself as the first major news and information website on the Internet. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “WB” redirects here. ... Legendary Pictures is an American motion picture company based in Burbank, California. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... SCI FI Wire is the news service of the The Sci Fi Channel. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wizard or Wizard: The Magazine of Comics, Entertainment and Pop Culture (originally titled Wizard: The Guide to Comics and Wizard: The Comics Magazine) is a magazine about comic books, published monthly in the United States by Wizard Entertainment. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wizard or Wizard: The Magazine of Comics, Entertainment and Pop Culture (originally titled Wizard: The Guide to Comics and Wizard: The Comics Magazine) is a magazine about comic books, published monthly in the United States by Wizard Entertainment. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Newsday is a daily tabloid-size newspaper that primarily serves Long Island and the New York City borough of Queens, although it is sold throughout the New York City metropolitan area. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... -1... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... John Joseph Nicholson (born April 22, 1937), known as Jack Nicholson, is a three time Academy Award-winning American actor internationally renowned for his often dark-themed portrayals of neurotic characters. ... Cesar Julio Romero, Jr. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... MTV ( acronym for Music Television) is a cable television network which was originally devoted to music videos, especially popular rock music. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wired is a full-color monthly American magazine and on-line periodical published in San Francisco, California since March 1993. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Los Angeles Times (also L.A. Times) is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the Western United States. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wizard or Wizard: The Magazine of Comics, Entertainment and Pop Culture (originally titled Wizard: The Guide to Comics and Wizard: The Comics Magazine) is a magazine about comic books, published monthly in the United States by Wizard Entertainment. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Christopher Nolan (born July 30, 1970) is an Academy Award nominated film director, writer and producer. ... David S. Goyer is a comic book writer, screenwriter, and film director. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... -1... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the day of the year. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Metro is the trading name of a free daily newspaper, published by Associated Newspapers (part of Daily Mail and General Trust) in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The first edition of The New York Post of July 6, 2004 incorrectly declared that U.S. presidential candidate John Kerry would choose U.S. Representative Dick Gephardt to be his vice-presidential running mate that day (in reality, Kerry chose John Edwards). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MTV ( acronym for Music Television) is a cable television network which was originally devoted to music videos, especially popular rock music. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Los Angeles Times (also L.A. Times) is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the Western United States. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MTV ( acronym for Music Television) is a cable television network which was originally devoted to music videos, especially popular rock music. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Examiner can refer to: Irish Examiner in Cork, Ireland The Examiner (Tasmania) in Launceston, Tasmania, Australia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 99. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... CNN.com is the news website maintained by CNN. The website debuted on August 30, 1995, and it describes itself as the first major news and information website on the Internet. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Los Angeles Daily News is the second largest circulating daily newspaper of Los Angeles, California. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Front page of the Tribune incorrectly reporting that Dewey won the 1948 presidential election The Chicago Tribune, formerly self-styled as the Worlds Greatest Newspaper, remains the leading newspaper of the Midwest of the United States. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Chicago Sun-Times The Chicago Sun-Times is an American newspaper publishing out of Chicago, Illinois. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... -1... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... Sun-Times Media Group (until recently Hollinger International) NYSE: SVN is the holding company of a Chicago based newspaper group. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Crain Communications Inc is a major publishing conglomerate based in Detroit, Michigan. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... WMAQ redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News website in June 2007. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 285th day of the year (286th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ninemsn is a 50/50 joint venture between Microsoft and Publishing and Broadcasting Limited (PBL) . It effectively acts as the website for both the Nine Network and MSN, and is one of Australias websites. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Herald Tribune is a widely read English language international newspaper. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Standard,29 September 2004 Mr. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the news website, see msnbc. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PARADE is a magazine, distributed as a Sunday supplement in hundreds of newspapers in the United States. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Warner Bros. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “WB” redirects here. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “WB” redirects here. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... MTV ( acronym for Music Television) is a cable television network which was originally devoted to music videos, especially popular rock music. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “WB” redirects here. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “WB” redirects here. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... SCI FI Wire is the news service of the The Sci Fi Channel. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Daily Herald was a British newspaper, published in London from 1912 to 1964 (although it was weekly during the first world war). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “WB” redirects here. ... Wizard or Wizard: The Magazine of Comics, Entertainment and Pop Culture (originally titled Wizard: The Guide to Comics and Wizard: The Comics Magazine) is a magazine about comic books, published monthly in the United States by Wizard Entertainment. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Peter Travers is the film critic for Rolling Stone magazine. ... This article is about the magazine. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Emanuel Levy is an American film critic active since the early 1980s. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

Christopher Nolan (born July 30, 1970) is an Academy Award nominated film director, writer and producer. ... David S. Goyer is a comic book writer, screenwriter, and film director. ... Joseph Jeph Siegbert Loeb III is an American motion picture and television producer/writer and award-winning comic book writer. ... Tim Sale (born 1956 in Ithaca, New York) is an American Eisner Award winning comic book artist. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ...

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