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Encyclopedia > The Constitution of Liberty

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Schools of thought

Green libertarianism
Agorism is a radical left-libertarian political philosophy popularized by Samuel Edward Konkin III, who defined an agorist as a conscious practitioner of counter-economics (peaceful black markets and grey markets). ... Anarcho-capitalism refers to an anti-statist philosophy that embraces capitalism as one of its foundational principles. ... Geolibertarianism (also geoanarchism) is a liberal political philosophy that holds along with other forms of libertarian individualism that each individual has an exclusive right to the fruits of his or her labor, as opposed to this product being owned collectively by society or the community. ... Green-Libertarian describes a political philosophy that was established in the United States. ... Libertarianism is a political philosophy that holds that individuals should be allowed complete freedom of action as long as they do not infringe on the freedom of others. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Libertarian socialism. ... In civics, minarchism, sometimes called minimal statism or small government, is the view that the size, role and influence of government in a free society should be minimal — only large enough to protect the liberty and property of each individual. ... Neolibertarianism is a political philosophy combining elements of libertarian and conservative thought that embraces incrementalism and pragmatism domestically, and a generally interventionist foreign policy based on self-interest, national defense and the expansion of freedom. ... Paleolibertarianism is a school of thought within American libertarianism founded by Lew Rockwell and Murray Rothbard, and closely associated with the Ludwig von Mises Institute. ...


Austrian School
Chicago School
Classical liberalism
Individualist anarchism
The Austrian School, also known as the Vienna School or the Psychological School, is a school of economic thought that advocates adherence to strict methodological individualism. ... The Chicago School of Economics is a school of thought in economics; it refers to the style of economics practiced at and disseminated from the University of Chicago after 1946. ... Classical liberalism (also known as traditional liberalism[1] and laissez-faire liberalism[2]) is a doctrine stressing the importance of human rationality, individual property rights, natural rights, the protection of civil liberties, constitutional limitations of government, free markets, and individual freedom from restraint as exemplified in the writings of Adam... Individualist Anarchism is an anarchist philosophical tradition that has a strong emphasis on sovereignty of the individual[1] and is generally opposed to collectivism[2]. The tradition appears most often in the United States, most notably in regard to its advocacy of private property. ...


Civil liberties
Free markets
Free trade
Private property
Civil liberties is the name given to freedoms that protect the individual from government. ... A free market is an idealized market, where all economic decisions and actions by individuals regarding transfer of money, goods, and services are voluntary, and are therefore devoid of coercion and theft (some definitions of coercion are inclusive of theft). Colloquially and loosely, a free market economy is an economy... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... Laissez-faire is short for laissez faire, laissez passer, a French phrase meaning to let things alone, let them pass. First used by the eighteenth century Physiocrats as an injunction against government interference with trade, it is now used as a synonym for strict free market economics. ... Liberty is generally considered a concept of political philosophy and identifies the condition in which an individual has immunity from the arbitrary exercise of authority. ... Methodological individualism is a philosophical orientation toward explaining broad society-wide developments as the accumulation of decisions by individuals. ... The non-aggression principle (also called the non-aggression axiom, anticoercion principle, or zero aggression principle) is a deontological ethical stance associated with the libertarian movement. ... This page deals with property as ownership rights. ... Self-ownership or sovereignty of the individual or individual sovereignty is the condition where an individual has the exclusive moral right to control his or her own body and life. ...


Economic views
Libertarian theorists
Theories of law
Views of rights
Criticism of libertarianism
The Austrian School of economics and the Chicago School of economics are important foundations of the economic system favored by modern libertarians —capitalism, where the means of production are privately owned, economic and financial decisions are made privately rather than by state control, and goods and services are exchanged in... This is a list of notable Libertarian theorists and authors. ... Modern libertarians see themselves as having revived the original doctrine of liberalism, and often call themselves libertarians and classical liberals interchangeably. ... Many countries and subnational political entities have libertarian political parties. ... Libertarian theories of law build on libertarianism or classical liberalism. ... Libertarians and Objectivists limit what they define as rights to variations on the right to be left alone, and argue that other rights such as the right to a good education or the right to have free access to water are not legitimate rights and do not deserve the same... Libertarianism is a political philosophy that supports largely unrestricted property rights and opposes most government interventions (such as taxation, prosecution of victimless crimes and regulations on businesses beyond the minimum required to prevent fraud or property damage) as coercive, even if a democratic majority supports it. ...

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The Constitution of Liberty is one of the most important books by Austrian economist and Nobel Prize Friedrich A. Hayek. The book was first published in 1960 and it is an interpretation of civilization as being made possible by the fundamental principles of liberty, which the author present as prerequisites for wealth and growth, rather than the other way around. Image File history File links Portal. ... The Austrian School, also known as the Vienna School or the Psychological School, is a school of economic thought that advocates adherence to strict methodological individualism. ... Friedrich Hayek Friedrich August von Hayek (May 8, 1899 – March 23, 1992) was an economist and social scientist of the Austrian School, noted for his defense of free-market capitalism against a rising tide of socialist thought in the mid-20th century. ... Liberty is generally considered a concept of political philosophy and identifies the condition in which an individual has immunity from the arbitrary exercise of authority. ...

The Constitution of Liberty has notably been held up at a Conservative Party policy meeting and 'banged' on the table by Margaret Thatcher, who reportedly interrupted a presentation to indicate, in reference to the book, that "This is what we believe". [1] The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC (born October 13, 1925), former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in office from 1979 to 1990. ...

The Constitution of Liberty was placed 9th on the list of the 100 best non-fiction books of the twentieth century compiled by National Review. National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine of political opinion, founded by author William F. Buckley, Jr. ...

Table of Contents

  • Part I- The Value of Freedom
    • Ch 1- Liberty and Liberties
    • Ch 2- The Creative Powers of a Free Civilization
    • Ch 3- The Common Sense of Progress
    • Ch 4- Freedom, Reason, and Tradition
    • Ch 5- Responsibility and Freedom
    • Ch 6- Equality, Value, and Merit
    • Ch 7- Majority Rule
    • Ch 8- Employment and Independence
  • Part II- Freedom and the Law
    • Ch 9- Coercion and the State
    • Ch 10- Law, Commands, and Order
    • Ch 11- The Origins of the Rule of Law
    • Ch 12- The American Contribution: Constitutionalism
    • Ch 13- Liberalism and Administration: The Rechtsstaat
    • Ch 14- The Safeguards of Individual Liberty
    • Ch 15- Economic Policy and the Rule of Law
    • Ch 16- The Decline of the Law
  • Part III- Freedom in the Welfare State
    • Ch 17 The Decline of Socialism and the Rise of the Welfare State
    • Ch 18- Labor Unions and Employment
    • Ch 19- Social Security
    • Ch 20- Taxation and Redistribution
    • Ch 21- The Monetary Framework
    • Ch 22- Housing and Town Planning
    • Ch 23- Agriculture and Natural Resources
    • Ch 24- Education and Research
  • Postscript
    • Why I am Not a Conservative


The Constitution of Liberty, University of Chicago Press, 1960, ISBN 0226320847


  Results from FactBites:
Hoover Institution - Policy Review - Democratizing the Constitution (3750 words)
The second — which Berlin calls “positive liberty” and Constant “the liberty of the ancients” — is “freedom to participate in the government itself.” Breyer calls it “active liberty” and wants to champion it because, in his judgment, Americans have lost sight of its constitutional importance.
And he is well aware that the Constitution draws upon a new or modern “science of politics” to design political institutions — schemes of representation, separation of powers, checks and balances, federalism — all of which distance the people from the direct exercise of power.
But he treats the conclusion that the Constitution never ceases to respect the democratic origins of political power as if it vindicated the grander claim that active liberty — or promoting the good of energetic citizen participation in politics — is a preeminent purpose of the Constitution.
  More results at FactBites »



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