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Encyclopedia > The Celluloid Closet
The Celluloid Closet

The movie poster for The Celluloid Closet.
Directed by Rob Epstein
Jeffrey Friedman
Produced by Rob Epstein
Jeffrey Friedman
Written by Vito Russo
Rob Epstein
Jeffrey Friedman
Sharon Wood
Armistead Maupin
Starring Lily Tomlin (narrator)
Music by Carter Burwell
Distributed by TriStar Pictures
Release date(s) 15 March 1996
Running time 107 min.
Language English
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile

The Celluloid Closet (1995) is a documentary film directed and written by Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman. The film is based on the 1981 (revised 1987) book of the same name written by Vito Russo, and on previous lecture and film clip presentations given by Russo 1972-82. Russo researched the history of how motion pictures, especially Hollywood films, had portrayed gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender characters. It was given a limited release in select theatres, including the Castro Theatre in San Francisco in early 1996, and then shown on cable channel HBO. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Vito Russo (1946 New York, NY - 7 November 1990 Los Angeles CA) was a gay activist and author who wrote the 1981 book The Celluloid Closet. ... Armistead Jones Maupin Jr. ... Lily Tomlin (born Mary Jean Tomlin on September 1, 1939), is an Academy Award-nominated American actress and comedian. ... Carter Burwell (born November 18, 1955, in New York) is a composer of film soundtracks. ... The TriStar Pictures logo from 1993 to the present TriStar redirects here. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The year 1995 in film involved some significant events. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... Vito Russo (1946 New York, NY - 7 November 1990 Los Angeles CA) was a gay activist and author who wrote the 1981 book The Celluloid Closet. ... ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... This article is about same-sex desire and sexuality among women. ... “Bisexual” redirects here. ... A transgender woman at New York Citys gay pride parade Transgender (IPA: , from trans (Latin) and gender (English)) is a general term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies that diverge from the normative gender role (woman or man) commonly, but not always, assigned at... Castro Theatre in San Francisco, California. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... HBO (Home Box Office) is a premium cable television network with headquarters in New York City. ...

The documentary interviews various men and women connected to the Hollywood industry to comment on various film clips and their own personal experiences with the treatment of LGBT characters in film. From the sissy characters, to the censorship of the Hollywood Production Code, the coded gay characters and cruel stereotypes to the progress made in the early 1990s. ... For other uses, see Sissy (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Censor. ... The Production Code (also known as the Hays Code) was a set of industry guidelines governing the production of American motion pictures. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...

Vito Russo wanted his book to be transformed into a documentary film and helped out on the project until he died in 1990. Some critics of the documentary noted that it was less political than the book and ended on a more positive note. However, Russo had wanted the documentary to be entertaining and to reflect the positive changes that had occurred up to 1990. Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...



In 2001, the DVD edition of the documentary includes a crew audio commentary, a second audio commentary with the late Russo, an interview Russo gave in 1990, a link to the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation website, and some deleted interviews put together into a second documentary titled Rescued From the Closet. Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Size comparison: A 12 cm Sony DVD+RW and a 19 cm Dixon Ticonderoga pencil. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) is dedicated to promoting and ensuring fair, accurate and inclusive representation of people and events in the media as a means of eliminating homophobia and discrimination based on gender identity and sexual orientation. ...


Russo was one of the first people to persuade gay and straight people to examine the role that popular culture plays in shaping our attitudes about sexual orientation and gender identity(Citation Needed). It started a genre of research that examines how movies, television shows, comic books, and video and computer games depict LGBT people. Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, normally conceived of as falling into several significant categories based around the sex or gender that the individual finds attractive. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... The initialism LGBT also GLBT is in use (since the 1990s) to refer collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ...

Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) gives an award called the Vito Russo Award to openly gay or lesbian people within the Hollywood film industry who advance the cause of fighting homophobia. The Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) is dedicated to promoting and ensuring fair, accurate and inclusive representation of people and events in the media as a means of eliminating homophobia and discrimination based on gender identity and sexual orientation. ... The GLAAD Media Awards were created in 1990 by the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation to recognize and honor the media for their fair, accurate and inclusive representations of the LGBT community and the issues that affect their lives. ... A protest by The Westboro Baptist Church; a group identified by the Anti-Defamation League as virulently homophobic. ...


The following people are interviewed for the documentary.

Lily Tomlin (born Mary Jean Tomlin on September 1, 1939), is an Academy Award-nominated American actress and comedian. ... Tony Curtis (born Bernard Schwartz, June 3, 1925) is an American film actor. ... Susie Bright (also known as Susie Sexpert) (born March 25, 1958, Arlington, Virginia) is a writer, speaker, teacher, audio show host, performer, all on the subject of sexuality. ... Arthur Laurents (born July 14, 1918) is an American playwright, novelist, screenwriter, librettist and stage director. ... Armistead Jones Maupin Jr. ... Whoopi Goldberg performing stand-up at a benefit for Rainforest Action Network. ... Harvey Fierstein (born June 6, 1952) is a Tony Award-winning and Emmy Award-nominated American actor, playwright, and screenwriter. ... Quentin Crisp (December 25, 1908) – November 21, 1999), was an English writer, artists model, actor and raconteur known for his memorable and insightful witticisms. ... Richard W. Dyer is an English academic specialising in cinema. ... Jay Presson Allen (March 3, 1922–1 May 2006) was an American writer. ... Eugene Luther Gore Vidal (born October 3, 1925) (pronounced , occasionally , , etc) is an American author of novels, stage plays, screenplays, and essays. ... Cover of Time Magazine (September 13, 1926) William Harrison Hays (November 5, 1879–March 7, 1954) was the namesake of the Hays Code, chairman of Republican National Committee and U.S. Postmaster General. ... Actor Farley Granger Farley Granger (born July 1, 1925) is an American actor. ... Paul Rudnick is a screenwriter and playwright. ... Shirley MacLaine (born April 24, 1934) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actress, well-known not only for her acting, but for her devotion to her belief in reincarnation. ... Barry Sandler is an American screenwriter and film producer. ... MartCrowley Mart Crowley (born on August 21, 1945 in Vicksburg, Mississippi) is an American playwright. ... Antonio Fargas Antonio Juan Fargas (born August 14, 1948) is a tall African American actor famous for roles in Blaxploitation films of the early 1970s. ... Thomas Jeffrey Hanks (born July 9, 1956) is an American two-time Academy Award-winning film actor, Emmy-winning director, voice-over artist and movie producer. ... Ronald L. Nyswaner (born October 5, 1956 in Clarksville, Pennsylvania) is an American screenwriter and film director. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... John Richard Schlesinger CBE (February 16, 1926 – July 25, 2003) was an English film director. ... Susan Sarandon (born October 4, 1946) is an Academy Award-winning American actress. ...


This is a list of films which appears in the film.

The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert is a 1994 Oscar-winning Australian film about two drag queens and a transsexual woman driving across the outback from Sydney to Alice Springs in a large bus they have named Priscilla. ... Advise and Consent is a political novel written by Allen Drury and published in 1959. ... Movie adaptation Another Country is a play by Julian Mitchell loosely based upon the life of the spy Guy Burgess, called Guy Bennett in the play, examining the effect that his homosexuality and his exposure to Marxism have on him and the hypocrisy and snobbery of the British public school... Image:A View From the Bridge. ... Basic Instinct is a 1992 thriller film, directed by Paul Verhoeven and written by Joe Eszterhas. ... Ben-Hur is a 1959 epic film directed by William Wyler, and is the most popular live-action version of Lew Wallaces novel, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1880). ... Leonard Frey as Harold The Boys in the Band is a 1970 film directed by William Friedkin. ... Boys on the Side is a 1995 comedy-drama film about friendship, written by Don Roos and directed by Herbert Ross. ... Bride of Frankenstein is a horror/science fiction film released on April 22, 1935, a sequel to the 1931 film Frankenstein. ... Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid is a 1969 Western film that tells the story of bank robber Butch Cassidy (played by Paul Newman) and his partner The Sundance Kid (played by Robert Redford). ... Cabaret is a 1972 film. ... The 1953 film, Calamity Jane is a Wild West-themed film It is loosely based on the life of Wild West heroine Calamity Jane and explores a romance between Calamity Jane and Wild Bill Hickok in the American Old West. ... For other uses, see Car wash (disambiguation). ... This is an article about the movie adaptation. ... For other uses, see The Childrens Hour. ... The Color Purple is the ninth film directed by Steven Spielberg, and was released 1985. ... Cruising is the name of a film released in 1980, directed by William Friedkin and starring Al Pacino. ... For the song of the same name by Geoff Stephens, see The Crying Game (song). ... Desert Hearts is a 1985 lesbian-themed romantic drama film loosely based on the Jane Rule novel Desert of the Heart. ... For the unrelated 1954 Alec Guinness film, see Father Brown (1954 film). ... Dressed to Kill is a 1980 horror film written and directed by Brian de Palma. ... The Fan is a 1981 thriller about an obsessed fan starring Lauren Bacall, Michael Biehn and James Garner. ... The Fox is a 1967 drama film directed by Mark Rydell. ... Freebie and The Bean is a 1974 comedy film about two San Francisco police detectives who have one goal in life, bringing down a local hijacking boss. ... Fried Green Tomatoes is a 1991 drama film based on the novel Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Cafe by Fannie Flagg. ... Gentlemen Prefer Blondes is a 1953 film adaptation of the 1949 stage musical, released by 20th Century Fox, directed by Howard Hawks and starring Jane Russell and Marilyn Monroe, with Charles Coburn, Elliott Reid, Tommy Noonan, Taylor Holmes, and Norma Varden in supporting roles. ... Gilda (1946) is a black-and-white film noir directed by Charles Vidor. ... Go Fish is a 1994 lesbian-themed independent drama film. ... The Hours and Times is a 1991 drama film written and directed by Christopher Münch. ... The Hunger is a 1983 English language horror film. ... In a Lonely Place is a 1950 film noir directed by Nicholas Ray, starring Humphrey Bogart and Gloria Grahame, and produced for Bogarts Santana Productions. ... Johnny Guitar is a 1954 Western, famed for its unusual storyline and colourful cinematography. ... The Living End is a 1992 film by Gregg Araki. ... Lianna is the name of the 1983 film directed by John Sayles. ... Longtime Companion is a 1990 film with Bruce Davison, Campbell Scott, and Mary-Louise Parker. ... Lover Come Back is a 1961 romantic comedy released by Universal Pictures. ... Making Love is a 1982 film about a married man coming to terms with his homosexuality and the love triangle that develops around him, his wife and another man. ... This article is about the 1969 film. ... Midnight Express is a 1978 film, based on Billy Hayes book of the same name adapted into screenplay by Oliver Stone. ... My Beautiful Laundrette is a 1985 film directed by Stephen Frears. ... My Own Private Idaho is a 1991 gay-themed independent film written and directed by Gus Van Sant, loosely based on Shakespeares Henry IV, part 1. ... Next Stop, Greenwich Village, is a 1976 film written and directed by Paul Mazursky, featuring, amongst others, Lenny Baker, Shelley Winters, Ellen Greene, Lois Smith, and Christopher Walken. ... Night Shift is a 1982 comedy film, one of Ron Howards earliest directorial efforts. ... Parting Glances is an American film released in 1986. ... Personal Best is a 1982 movie centered around a group of women who are trying to qualify for the Olympic Games track-and-field team. ... Philadelphia is an Academy Award-winning 1993 drama film revolving around the HIV/AIDS epidemic, written by Ron Nyswaner and directed by Jonathan Demme. ... Painting by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Pillow talk is the relaxed, intimate conversation that often occurs between two sexual partners after the act of lovemaking, usually accompanied by cuddling, caresses, and other physical intimacy. ... Poison is a 1991 gay-themed film written and directed by Todd Haynes. ... Rebel Without a Cause is a 1955 film directed by Nicholas Ray that tells the story of a rebellious teenager who comes to a new town, meets a girl, defies his parents, and faces the local high school bullies. ... Red River is a 1948 western film which tells the story of the first cattle drive along the Chisolm Trail in the fictional framework of a cattle man who feuds with his adopted son over ownership of their cattle in the middle of a drive. ... The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 Academy Award-winning film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins. ... Some Like It Hot is a 1959 comedy film directed by Billy Wilder. ... Spartacus is a 1960 film directed by Stanley Kubrick and based on the novel of the same name by Howard Fast about the historical life of Spartacus and the Third Servile War. ... Suddenly, Last Summer is a 1959 drama film made by Columbia Pictures Corporation, based on the play of the same title by Tennessee Williams. ... Sunday Bloody Sunday is a 1971 film which tells the story of a young bisexual man played by Murray Head, who freely jumps from the beds of his male and female lovers played by Peter Finch and Glenda Jackson. ... Swoon is an independent film written and directed by Tom Kalin, released in 1992. ... Tea and Sympathy is a stage play by Robert Anderson that was adapted by Vincente Minnelli into a 1956 movie starring Deborah Kerr. ... This article is about the film. ... Thelma & Louise is a road movie from 1991 conceived and written by Callie Khouri, co-produced and directed by Ridley Scott, and starring Geena Davis as Thelma, Susan Sarandon as Louise, and Harvey Keitel as a sympathetic detective trying to solve crimes that the two women find easier and easier... Torch Song Trilogy is a collection of three plays by Harvey Fierstein, running in New York City from June 10, 1982, to May 19, 1985 at the Little Theatre (now the Helen Hayes Theatre on West 44th Street). ... For other uses, see Vanishing point (disambiguation). ... Victim is a 1961 British film directed by Basil Dearden, starring Dirk Bogarde and Sylvia Syms. ... A Walk on the Wild Side is a 1956 novel by Nelson Algren, best known today by way of a 1962 film of essentially the same name directed by Edward Dmytryk. ... The Watermelon Woman was a 1996 feature film by filmmaker Cheryl Dunye about Cheryl, a young black lesbian working a dayjob in a video store while trying to make a film about a Black actress from the 1930s known for playing the stereotypical mammy roles relegated to Black actresses... The Wedding Banquet (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hsi yen), is a 1993 film about a gay Taiwanese immigrant man who marries a woman to placate his parents and get her a green card. ... Thunderbolt and Lightfoot is a 1974 crime film starring Clint Eastwood, Jeff Bridges, George Kennedy, and Geoffrey Lewis. ... Windows is a 1980 thriller starring Talia Shire, Joseph Cortese and Elizabeth Ashley, directed by Gordon Willis. ... Wings is a 1927 silent movie about World War I fighter pilots Charles Buddy Rogers and Richard Arlen who vie for the attentions of Jobyna Ralston. ...

See also

This is a list of lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender-related films. ... The Production Code (also known as the Hays Code) was a set of industry guidelines governing the production of American motion pictures. ... The Doom Book was a list kept in the 1930s by United States censor Will Hays and major Hollywood studio moguls. ... Lavender marriage is a term coined to describe a marriage between a man and a woman in which one, or both, parties are homosexual. ...


  Results from FactBites:
closet: Definition, Synonyms and Much More from Answers.com (1162 words)
Wall closet in a residential house in the U.S. It is common for a mirror to be placed on the inside of a closet door.
A closet (especially in North American usage) is a small and enclosed space, a cabinet, or a cupboard in a house or building used for general storage or hanging clothes.
Closets can be built into the walls of the house during construction so that they take up no space in the room, or they can be a large, free-standing piece of furniture designed for clothes storage, in which case they are often called a wardrobe or armoire.
Metroactive Movies | Celluloid Closet (616 words)
The documentary The Celluloid Closet is just as essential to the serious student of social history as the late Vito Russo's book is to the shelf of the serious movie fan.
Through film clips and interviews, The Celluloid Closet builds to a montage of different films of the late 1950s and early 1960s, when the cinema industry was steeling itself to admit that the perverts walked among us.
The Celluloid Closet (Unrated; 102 min.), a documentary by Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman.
  More results at FactBites »



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