FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920 film)
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
Directed by Robert Wiene
Produced by Rudolf Meinert,
Erich Pommer
Written by Hans Janowitz,
Carl Mayer
Starring Werner Krauss,
Conrad Veidt,
Friedrich Fehér,
Lil Dagover,
Hans Heinrich von Twardowski
Distributed by Goldwyn Distributing Company
Released 1920
Running time 71 min.
Language German
Budget DEM 20,000 (estimated)
IMDb profile
"Dr. Caligari", "Caligari", and "Doctor Caligari" all redirect here. For the 1989 film, see Dr. Caligari (film). For the 2005 remake, see The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (2005 film)

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (German: Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari) is a groundbreaking 1920 silent film directed by Robert Wiene. It is one of the earliest, most influential and most artistically acclaimed German Expressionist films. Image File history File links 630507549. ... Robert Wiene (born April 27, 1873 in Breslau; died 17 July 1938 in Paris) was a German film director. ... Hans Janowitz (December 2, 1890 in Poděbrady, Bohemia - May 25, 1954 in New York) was a german author. ... Conrad Veidt in The Spy in Black (1939). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dr. Caligari is a 1989 film by Stephen Sayadian starring Madeleine Reynal, Laura Albert, Gene Zerna, David Parry and Jennifer Balgobin. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari is a 2005 independent film, and a talkie remake of the 1920 film of the same name. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... Robert Wiene (born April 27, 1873 in Breslau; died 17 July 1938 in Paris) was a German film director. ... F.W. Murnaus Nosferatu German Expressionism, also referred to as expressionism in filmmaking, developed in Germany (especially Berlin) during the 1920s. ...

Contents


Plot Overview

Still from the film
Still from the film

The film tells the story of the deranged Doctor Caligari and his faithful somnambulist Cesare and their connection to a string of murders in a German mountain village, Holstenwall. Caligari presents one of the earliest examples of a motion picture "frame story" in which the body of the plot is presented as a flashback, as told by Francis. Image File history File links CABINET_DES_DR_CALIGARI_01. ... Image File history File links CABINET_DES_DR_CALIGARI_01. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A frame story (also frame tale, frame narrative, etc. ... In literature and film, a flashback takes the narrative back in time from the point the story has reached, to recount events that happened before and give the back-story. ...


The narrator, Francis, and his friend Alan visit a carnival in the village where they see Dr. Caligari and Cesare, whom Caligari is displaying as an attraction. Caligari brags that Cesare can answer any question he is asked. When Alan asks Cesare how long he has to live, Cesare tells Alan that he will die tomorrow at dawn - a prophecy which is fulfilled. Swabian-Alemannic carnival clowns in Wolfach, Germany A carnival is a public celebration or parade combining some elements of a circus and public street party, generally during the Carnival Season. ...


Francis, along with his love interest Jane, investigate Caligari and Cesare which eventually leads to Jane's kidnapping by the somnambulist. Cesare fails to kill Jane after her beauty captivates him but he proceeds to carry Jane out of her house, leading the townsfolk on a lengthy chase. Francis discovers Caligari is the head of the local insane asylum, and with the help of his colleagues discovers he's obsessed with the story of a previous Doctor Caligari who used a somnabulist to murder people as a traveling act.


Cesare falls to his death during the pursuit and the townsfolk discover that Caligari had created a dummy of Cesare to distract Francis. After being confronted with the dead Cesare, Caligari breaks down and reveals his mania and is imprisoned in his asylum. The influential twist ending reveals that Francis's flashback is actually his fantasy: Caligari is his asylum doctor, who, after this revelation of his (Francis') delusion, claims to be able to cure him. A twist ending is an unexpected conclusion or climax to a work of fiction, which may contain a surprising irony, or cause the audience to review the story from a different perspective by revealing new information about the characters or plot. ...


Production

Producer Erich Pommer first asked Fritz Lang to direct this film but he was committed to other projects, so Pommer gave directorial duties to Weine. Fritz Lang Friedrich Anton Christian Lang (December 5, 1890 - August 2, 1976) was an Austrian film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known emigrés from Germanys school of expressionism. ...


The ending in which everything turns out to be a delusion from Francis was imposed on the director by the producers, who wanted a less macabre ending. Had this not happened, the story would have made clear that Caligari and Cesare were real and were responsible for the number of deaths.


Filming took place in December 1919 and January 1920. The film premiered at the Marmorhaus in Berlin on February 26, 1920.[1] This article is about the capital city of Germany. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ...


Responses

Critics worldwide have praised the film for its Expressionist style, complete with wild, distorted set design—a striking use of mise en scène. Caligari has been cited as an influence on films noir and horror films; it is also often seen as one of the first horror films, a model for directors for many decades (including Alfred Hitchcock). Expressionism in filmmaking developed in Germany (especially Berlin) during the 1920s. ... Mise en scène [mizA~sEn] has been called film criticisms grand undefined term, but that is not because of a lack of definitions. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... DVD cover showing horror characters as depicted by Universal Studios. ... Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (13 August 1899 – 29 April 1980) was a British film director and producer, a master of the suspense thriller genre. ...


Siegfried Kracauer's From Caligari to Hitler postulates that the film can be read as an allegory for the First World War, with Cesare the sleepwalker representing the German people who committed immoral acts during the war as a result of the influence of a more powerful individual.[2] However, Kracauer's work has been largely discredited by contemporary scholars of German cinema, for example by Thomas Elsaesser in Weimar Cinema and After, who describes the legacy of Kracauer's work as a "historical imaginary".[3] Elsaesser claims that Kracauer studied too few films to make his thesis about the social mindset of Germany legitimate and that the discovery and publication of the original screenplay of The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari undermines his argument about the revolutionary intent of its writers. Elsaesser's alternative thesis is that the filmmakers adopted an Expressionist style as a method of product differentiation, establishing a distinct national product against the increasing import of American films. Siegfried Kracauer (February 8, 1889, Frankfurt am Main, Germany - November 26, 1966, New York) was a journalist, sociologist, and film critic. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


References

Elsaesser, Thomas (2000). Weimar Cinema and After: Germany's Historical Imaginary. Routledge.


Kracauer, Siegfried (2004 edition; 1947, original English translation). From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the German Film. Princeton University Press.


Robinson, David (1997). Das Cabinet Des Dr. Caligari. British Film Institute.


Notes

  1. ^ Robinson 47
  2. ^ Kracauer
  3. ^ Elsaesser

Trivia

The American Repertory Theatre (or A.R.T.) is housed in the Loeb Drama Center at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Cambridge City Hall Settled: 1630 â€“ Incorporated: 1636 Zip Code(s): 02139 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ...

External links

  • The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari at The Internet Movie Database (1920)
  • Download The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, which is in the public domain in the U.S., from the Internet Archive
  • The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari - summary of the plot
  • Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari (1920) - review
  • Caligari: A German Silent Masterpiece - review

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m