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Encyclopedia > The Black Prince
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Edward the Black Prince - illustration from Cassell's History of England circa 1902
Effigy on the Black Prince's tomb in
Effigy on the Black Prince's tomb in Canterbury Cathedral

Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, known as the Black Prince (June 15, 1330June 8, 1376) was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. Born at Woodstock Palace in Oxfordshire, he was created earl of Chester in 1333, Duke of Cornwall in 1337, becoming the first English Duke created, and Prince of Wales in 1343, and proved to have a prodigious military talent, as shown by his bravery at the Battle of Crécy when he was only sixteen. He followed this up ten years later with victory at the Battle of Poitiers, and in 1367 with the victory at Najera in northern Castile. Download high resolution version (800x936, 68 KB)Edward the Black Prince Illustration from Cassells History of England - Century Edition - published circa 1902 Scan by Tagishsimon, 23rd June 2004 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible... Download high resolution version (800x936, 68 KB)Edward the Black Prince Illustration from Cassells History of England - Century Edition - published circa 1902 Scan by Tagishsimon, 23rd June 2004 This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible... edward the black prince, effigy on tomb in canterbury cathedral The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... edward the black prince, effigy on tomb in canterbury cathedral The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Canterbury Cathedral, N.W., ca. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... Events The Bulgars under Michael III are beaten by the Serbs at Velbuzhd, and large parts of Bulgaria fall to Serbia. ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... Events March – The treaty between England and France is extended until April of 1377. ... Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English kings of medieval times. ... Philippa of Hainault (~1314 - August 15, 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England. ... Woodstock Palace was a royal residence in the Oxfordshire town of Woodstock. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from Latin Oxonia) is a county in South East England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire and Warwickshire. ... Standard of the Duke of Cornwall The Dukedom of Cornwall was the first dukedom created in the peerage of England. ... This page concerns 1337, the year. ... The eldest son of the reigning monarch ofEngland/Great Britain is traditionally invested with the title of Prince of Wales. ... -1... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Battle of Poitiers Conflict Hundred Years War Date September 19, 1356 Place Near Maupertuis, 3km south of Poitiers, France Result Decisive English victory The Battle of Poitiers was fought between England and France on September 19, 1356, resulting in the second of the three great English victories of the Hundred...


He continued the practice of using Welsh and English archers in the English army, and the English owed much of their subsequent military success to the supremacy of the longbow over the continental crossbow. He was also one of the first military leaders to introduce a uniform: he did so for his Cheshire and Flintshire troops, who were clothed in green and white cloth. The longbow (or English longbow, or Welsh longbow, see below) was a type of bow about 2. ... A crossbow is a type of weapon that fires projectiles called crossbow bolts or quarrels. ... This page describes uniform in the sense of clothing. ...


The emblem of the Prince of Wales's feathers and its accompanying motto, "Ich dien" (German for: I serve), are said to have been inherited by the prince from King John of Bohemia, against whom he fought in the Battle of Crécy. According to legend, after the battle of Crecy, the prince walked over to the king of Bohemia's dead body. The King was blind, and Edward admired his bravery. He picked up the King's helmet, lined with ostrich feathers, and took the King's motto, 'Ich dien', which means, I Serve. However, this emblem and motto were not exclusively used by the Black Prince, but also by his brothers. John the Blind of Luxemburg (August 10, 1296 - August 26, 1346) was King of Bohemia and Count of Luxemburg. ...

Iconic image of the Black Prince
Iconic image of the Black Prince

Edward had been brought up with his cousin, Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent". After marrying her in October, 1361 (a controversial match), Edward was sent to rule the province of Aquitaine as prince on behalf of his father. In this period, he had two sons, Edward (who died in infancy) and Richard, who would later rule as Richard II of England. He was given the lordship of Biscay by Pedro I of Castile in 1367. edward the black prince, son of edward iii of england, father of richard ii of england This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... edward the black prince, son of edward iii of england, father of richard ii of england This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Joan, Princess of Wales (September 29, 1328–August 1385) is known to history as The Fair Maid of Kent, and was the wife of Edward, the Black Prince. ... Events Founding of the University of Pavia, Italy. ... Capital Bordeaux Area 41,309 km² Regional President Alain Rousset ( PS) (since 1998) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 6th) 3,049,000 2,908,359 74/km² (2004) Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Départements Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Aquitaine... Richard II (January 6?, 1367 – February 14, 1400) was the son of Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan The Fair Maid of Kent. He was born at Bordeaux and became his fathers heir when his elder brother died in infancy. ... Vizcaya (Basque Bizkaia) is a province of northern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... Peter I (August 30, 1334 – March 23, 1369; Spanish: Pedro I), sometimes known as Peter the Cruel or Pedro the Cruel, was the king of Castile from 1350 to 1369. ...


His military campaigning on behalf of Pedro, King of Castile, known to his enemies as 'Pedro the Cruel', ruined Edward's health as well as his finances, and he was forced to give up the administration of Aquitaine in 1371 and return to England. Whilst making an attempt to involve himself in the government of England, he soon had to give up any hope of resuming military activity, and he died at Westminster on Trinity Sunday, June 8, 1376, leaving his young son as heir to the throne. He is buried in Canterbury Cathedral. June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... Events March – The treaty between England and France is extended until April of 1377. ... St Peters St, Canterbury, from the West Gate, 1993 Canterbury (Latin: Duroverum) is a cathedral city in the county of Kent in southeast England. ...


Edward is almost always now called the "Black Prince," but he was never known as such during his lifetime (instead being known as Edward of Woodstock after his place of birth). The "Black Prince" title was coined at least 200 years after his death, and it is believed to derive either from the colour of his armour or his foul temper.


In the movie A Knight's Tale, Edward is portrayed as a rather sympathetic man as opposed to a spiteful one, far from the monstrous personality in real life. A Knights Tale (2001) is a film written and directed by Brian Helgeland which is very loosely based on The Knights Tale from The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer. ...


Further reading

  • Richard Barber, The Life and Campaigns of the Black Prince, ISBN 0851154697


Preceded by:
Edward II
Prince of Wales
1330–1376
Succeeded by:
Richard II
Preceded by:
Edward III
Duke of Aquitaine
1361–1376
Succeeded by:
Richard II


Edward II, (April 25, 1284 – October, 1327), of Caernarvon, was king of England from 1307 until deposed in January, 1327. ... The eldest son of the reigning monarch ofEngland/Great Britain is traditionally invested with the title of Prince of Wales. ... Richard II (January 6?, 1367 – February 14, 1400) was the son of Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan The Fair Maid of Kent. He was born at Bordeaux and became his fathers heir when his elder brother died in infancy. ... Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was one of the most successful English kings of medieval times. ... The persons who held the title of Duke of Aquitaine (which became part of France in 1449 but was an independent duchy before then), with the years they held it, were: See also: Dukes of Aquitaine family tree Categories: Dukes of Aquitaine | French nobility ... Richard II (January 6?, 1367 – February 14, 1400) was the son of Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan The Fair Maid of Kent. He was born at Bordeaux and became his fathers heir when his elder brother died in infancy. ...

Father:
Edward III of England
Mother:
Philippa of Hainault

  Results from FactBites:
 
Edward, the Black Prince - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (709 words)
Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG, known as the Black Prince (June 15, 1330 June 8, 1376) was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault.
The emblem of the Prince of Wales's feathers and its accompanying motto, Ich diene (German: "I serve"), are said to have been inherited by the prince from King John of Bohemia, against whom he fought in the Battle of Crécy.
Effigy on the Black Prince's tomb in Canterbury Cathedral
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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