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Encyclopedia > The Birmingham News

The Birmingham News is a the daily newspaper for Birmingham, Alabama, and the largest newspaper in Alabama. It has an average daily circulation of 148,827. Birmingham is the largest city in the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Jefferson County. ... State nickname: Camellia State, The Heart of Dixie¹, Yellowhammer State Other U.S. States Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Governor Bob Riley (R) Official languages English Area 52,423 mi²/135,775 km² (30th)  - Land 50,750 mi²/131,442 km²  - Water 1,673 mi²/4,333 km² (3. ...


History

The Birmingham News was launched on March 14, 1888 by Rufus N. Rhodes as The Evening News, a four-page paper with two reporters and $800 of operating capital. At the time, the city of Birmingham was only 17 years old, but was a already booming industrial city and a beacon of the "New South" still recovering from the aftermath of the American Civil War and Reconstruction. Newspapers joined with industrial tycoons, academics and real-estate speculators in relentless boosterism of the new city. Rhodes was working as editor of the Daily Herald when he found his campaign for a viaduct spanning the "Railroad Reservation" dividing Birmingham's north and south opposed by his publisher. He determined to strike out on his own and launched the News with the slogan "Great is Birmingham and The News is its Prophet!" The "News Bridge" (21st Street Viaduct) was dedicated on July 4, 1891, deemed by his paper the "grandest of all municipal achievements of great and glorious Birmingham." March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in Leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... New South is a term that has been used intermittently since the American Civil War to describe the American South, in whole or in part. ... The American Civil War was fought in North America from 1861 until 1865 between the United States of America – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... In the history of the United States, Reconstruction was the period after the American Civil War when the southern states of the breakaway Confederacy were reintegrated into the United States of America. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


The News circulation grew from 628 in 1888 to over 7000 in 1891, when it became the largest daily in Alabama and won the contract to publish the General Laws of Alabama. The name was changed from The Evening News to The Daily News and then, in 1895, The Birmingham News. The newspaper continued to grow, reaching a circulation of 17,000 in 1909. 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1909 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Staunchly progressive in its political stance, the News supported a straight-ticket Democrat platform in election seasons and championed progressive causes such as prohibition. The News led the drumbeat for the "Greater Birmingham" movement to annex suburban communities. The successful campaign caused the population of the City of Birmingham to grow from 40,000 in 1900 to 138,685 in 1910, at which time Birmingham was the third largest city in the South. That same year, Rhodes died and was succeeded by his vice-president and general manager, Victor H. Hanson. Progressivism or political progressivism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... There are many political parties of diverse political orientation called the Democratic Party or similar. ... ... The U.S. Southern states or The South, known during the American Civil War era as Dixie, is a distinctive region of the United States with its own unique historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ...


Hanson, only 33 years old, was already an accomplished newspaperman, having at age 11 founded the City Item in Macon, Georgia which he sold four years later for $2,500. Hanson helped modernize the newspaper's format, tone and operations, oversaw an increase in subscriptions from 18,000 in 1910 to 40,000 in 1914 when he boldly claimed the title of "The South's Greatest Newspaper." In direct competition with the morning Age-Herald, the News began a Sunday edition in 1912. Macon is a city located in Bibb County, Georgia. ... 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Birmingham Post-Herald is a newspaper in Birmingham, Alabama, published for over fifty years under that name, a history that ended on September 23, 2005 when the paper published its last edition. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ...


In 1917 the News moved to a new facility on the corner of 4th Avenue North and 22nd Street and a year later published the rival Birmingham Ledger, increasing the size of its staff to 748 and its circulation to 60,000. As of September 23, 2005, it is the only daily newspaper serving the city; the afternoon Birmingham Post-Herald ceased publication on that day. 1917 was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... 2005(MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Birmingham Post-Herald is a newspaper in Birmingham, Alabama, published for over fifty years under that name, a history that ended on September 23, 2005 when the paper published its last edition. ...


External links

References

  • Emily Jones, ed. (1988) The Birmingham News: Our First 100 Years." Birmingham: The Birmingham News.

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The Birmingham News is the largest newsgathering organization in Alabama, employing 150 fulltime journalists.
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