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Encyclopedia > The Billboard 200

The Billboard 200 is a listing of the 200 highest selling music albums in the United States, published weekly in Billboard magazine. It is frequently used to convey the popularity of an artist or groups of artists. Often, a musical group will be remembered by its "number ones", those of their albums that outsold all others during at least one week. An album (from Latin albus white, blank, relating to a blank book in which something can be inserted) is a packaged collection of related things. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... In popular music, a chart-topper is an extremely popular recording, identified by its inclusion in a ranked list—a chart—of top selling or otherwise judged most popular releases. ...


Billboard began publishing album charts on March 24, 1945, expanded to the current size and name on March 14, 1992. Since May 26, 1991, the Billboard 200 positions have been derived from Nielsen SoundScan sales data, currently contributed by approximately 14,000 music sellers. Because these numbers are supplied by a subset of sellers rather than record labels, it is common for these numbers to be substantially lower than those reported by the Recording Industry Association of America when Gold album awards are announced (RIAA awards reflect wholesale shipments, not retail sales). March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in Leap years). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in Leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nielsen SoundScan is an information system created by Nielsen Media Research that tracks sales data for singles, albums, and music video products for Billboard and other music industry companies. ... A record label is a brand created by companies that specialize in manufacturing, distributing and promoting audio and video recordings, on various formats including compact discs, LPs, DVD-Audio, SACDs, and cassettes. ... RIAA Logo. ... The description Gold Album is applied to recorded music albums that have sold a minimum number of copies (in the US, currently 500,000 sales). ...

Contents

Uses

The Billboard 200 can be helpful to radio stations as an indication of the types of music listeners are interested in hearing. Retailers can also find it useful as a way to determine which recordings should be given the most prominent display in a store. Other outlets, such as airline music services, also employ the BIllboard charts to determine their programming. In commerce, a retailer buys goods or products in large quantities from manufacturers or importers, either directly or through a wholesaler, and then sells individual items or small quantities to the general public or end user customers, usually in a shop, also called store. ... A Boeing 747-400 of Virgin Atlantic Airways, one of the UKs largest airlines. ...


Limitations

The chart omits unit sales for listed albums and total recorded sales, making it impossible to determine, for example, if the number one album this week sold as well as the number one from the same period in the prior year. It is also impossible to determine the relative success of albums on a single chart; there is no indication of whether the number one album sold thousands more copies than number 50, or only dozens more. All music genres are combined, but there are separate Billboard charts for individual market segments. The complete sales data broken down by location is made available, but only in the form of separate SoundScan subscriptions. A music genre is a category (or genre) of pieces of music that share a certain style or basic musical language (van der Merwe 1989, p. ...


Records

According to the December 1, 2001 issue of Billboard, Pink Floyd's Dark Side of the Moon has been on the charts for a total of 1,285 weeks, or just under 25 years. Its closest rival is James Taylor's Greatest Hits, checking in at 573 weeks on the chart. Taylor can expect to reach Pink Floyd's record number in about 13 1/2 years. The soundtrack to the musical, South Pacific spent 31 weeks on top of the Billboard 200 in 1947. They were not all consecutive. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... Ummagumma album photo Pink Floyd is a British progressive band famous for its songwriting, harmonic classical rock compositions, bombastic style, striking album covers and elaborate live shows. ... (The) Dark Side of the Moon (DSotM; the initial The is included in some versions of the title) is a 1973 concept album by Pink Floyd, dealing with the pressures of life such as time, money, war, mental illness, and death. ... James Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter, born in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Greatest Hits is singer-songwriter James Taylors eighth album, and the best-selling album of his career. ... South Pacific is a musical play by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, which opened on Broadway on April 7, 1949. ...


See also

The Billboard Hot 100 is the main U.S. singles popularity chart used by Billboard magazine. ...

External links

  • Ten Billboard Chart Milestones (http://www.billboard.com/bb/bb110/charts.jsp) from billboard.com
  • The Billboard 200 (http://www.billboard.com/bb/charts/bb200.jsp) (top 100 positions available to the general public)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Billboard Singles & Album Charts - Billboard Top 100 Songs - Billboard Top 100 Albums - Music Retail Sales (49 words)
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