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Encyclopedia > The Big O
The Big O
THE ビッグオー
(Za Biggu Ō)
Demographic Shōnen
Genre Mystery, Science fiction, Thriller
TV anime
Directed by Kazuyoshi Katayama
Studio Sunrise
Licensor Flag of Japan Bandai Visual
Flag of United States Bandai Entertainment
Network Flag of Japan Animax, WOWOW
Original run October 13, 1999January 19, 2000
No. of episodes 13
TV anime : The Big O 2
Directed by Kazuyoshi Katayama
Studio Sunrise
Licensor Flag of Japan Bandai Visual
Flag of United States Bandai Entertainment
Network Flag of Japan Animax, SUN-TV
Original run January 2, 2003March 23, 2003
No. of episodes 13

The Big O (THE ビッグオー Za Biggu Ō?) is an anime TV series produced by Sunrise, Inc. It was directed by Kazuyoshi Katayama (animation director, Giant Robo), with character and mecha designs by Keiichi Sato (original concept, Karas), and script by Chiaki J. Konaka (Serial Experiments Lain). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (734x1070, 281 KB)Counterclockwise from top : Big O,Norman Burg,Roger Smith and R. Dorothy Wayneright File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Saint Seiya (Knights of the Zodiac), a classic example of Shōnen This article is about the shōnen style of anime and manga. ... Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes Detective fiction is a branch of crime fiction that centers upon the investigation of a crime, usually murder, by a detective, either professional or amateur. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Psychological thriller is a specific sub-genre of the wide-ranging thriller genre. ... “TV” redirects here. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... Sunrise logo Founded in 1972, Sunrise Inc. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Tin plate toy car by Bandai Bandai is a Japanese toy making company. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Tin plate toy car by Bandai Bandai is a Japanese toy making company. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Animax ) is a Japanese anime satellite television network, established and owned by Sony Corporation, and dedicated to broadcasting anime programming. ... WOWOW was the first private satellite broadcasting and pay TV station in Japan. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Cartoon Network (commonly referred to as CN) is a cable television network created by Turner Broadcasting which primarily shows animated programming. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Toonami was a British childrens cartoons channel which aired from September 2003 to May 2007. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “TV” redirects here. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... Sunrise logo Founded in 1972, Sunrise Inc. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Tin plate toy car by Bandai Bandai is a Japanese toy making company. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Tin plate toy car by Bandai Bandai is a Japanese toy making company. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Animax ) is a Japanese anime satellite television network, established and owned by Sony Corporation, and dedicated to broadcasting anime programming. ... Sun TV can refer to: Sun TV: a Tamil cable television channel in India, part of media giant Sun Network. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Adult Swim, sometimes rendered [adult swim] based on its logo, is the name for an adult-oriented television programming network. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Sunrise logo Founded in 1972, Sunrise Inc. ... Giant Robo: The Day the Earth Stood Still ) is an anime OVA series written and directed by Yasuhiro Imagawa, (G Gundam, Seven of Seven) inspired on Mitsuteru Yokoyamas manga series of the same name. ... Keiichi Sato ) is a mecha and character designer born in the Kagawa Prefecture of Japan in 1965. ... Karas (é´‰ -KARAS-) is a six-part OVA that takes place in a futuristic setting. ... Chiaki J. Konaka (小中千昭 Konaka Chiaki) (April 4, 1961 - ) is a Japanese scriptwriter who works predominantly on anime. ... Original run July 6, 1998 – September 28, 1998 No. ...


Forty years prior to the events of the series, a mysterious occurrence caused the residents of Paradigm City to lose their memories. The series follows Roger Smith, Paradigm City's top Negotiator. He provides this much needed service with the help of an android named R. Dorothy Wayneright and his butler Norman Burg. When the need arises, Roger calls upon Big O, a giant relic from the city's history that may hold the key to its future. Negotiation is the process whereby interested parties resolve disputes, agree upon courses of action, bargain for individual or collective advantage, and/or attempt to craft outcomes which serve their mutual interests. ... “Mechanoid” redirects here. ... The butler is a senior servant in a large household. ... A relic is an object, especially a piece of the body or a personal item of someone of religious significance, carefully preserved with an air of veneration as a tangible memorial, Relics are an important aspect of Buddhism, some denominations of Christianity, Hinduism, shamanism, and many other personal belief systems. ...


The Big O is designed as a tribute to Japanese and Western shows from the 1960s and 1970s. The series is done in the style of film noir and combines the feel of a detective show with the mecha genre of anime. The setpieces are reminiscent of Toho monster movies and the score is an eclectic mix of styles and musical homages. The term Western world, the West or the Occident (Latin occidens -sunset, -west, as distinct from the Orient) [1] can have multiple meanings dependent on its context (e. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes Detective fiction is a branch of crime fiction that centers upon the investigation of a crime, usually murder, by a detective, either professional or amateur. ... For the fictional robot, see Mecha. ... In film production, a setpiece is a sequence of scenes the execution of which requires serious logistical planning and considerable expenditure of money. ... The English-language version of Tohos famous logo, used from the early 1960s to the late 1990s. ... Kaijū (怪獣) is a Japanese term that generically translates to monster. ...


The series premiered October 13, 1999 on WOWOW satellite television. It finished its run on January 19, 2000. The English language version premiered on the American Cartoon Network on April 2, 2001. Originally a thirteen-episode series, positive fan response internationally resulted in a second season co-produced by Cartoon Network, Sunrise, and Bandai Visual. Season two premiered on Japan's SUN-TV on January 2003, with the American premiere taking place seven months later. October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... WOWOW was the first private satellite broadcasting and pay TV station in Japan. ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cartoon Network (commonly referred to as CN) is a cable television network created by Turner Broadcasting which primarily shows animated programming. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Tin plate toy car by Bandai Bandai is a Japanese toy making company. ... Sun TV can refer to: Sun TV: a Tamil cable television channel in India, part of media giant Sun Network. ... Premiere, from French language première meaning first, generally means a first performance. Premieres for theatrical, musical, and other productions are often extravagant affairs, attracting large numbers of socialites and much media attention. ...

Contents

Plot

Aerial shot of Paradigm City. The town is based on the island of Manhattan.
Aerial shot of Paradigm City. The town is based on the island of Manhattan.[1]

Forty years prior to the events of the series, disaster struck.[2] The world was turned into a vast desert wasteland and the survivors were left without memories. The story takes place in Paradigm City, a corporate police state run by the Paradigm Corporation.[3] The town is recognized for its geodesic domes, a giant structure that houses the richer citizens and segregates the poor to living outside the domes. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Aerial Shots are usually done with a crane or with a camera attached to a special helicopter to view large landscapes. ... Manhattan is a borough of New York City, New York, USA, coterminous with New York County. ... Paradigm City Domes The main setting of the televised anime series The Big O is called Paradigm City, located next to a sea and a vast desert wasteland. ... A Corporate police state is a pejorative term for the kind of transnational system of government that transcends geographic boundaries to regulate the conduct of employees, outsource contractors and markets, via a form of business practices known as vertical integration. ... Since the late 1960s, the word paradigm (IPA: ) has referred to a thought pattern in any scientific discipline or other epistemological context. ... Megacorp is a term popularized by William Gibson derived from the combination of the prefix mega- with an abbreviation of the word corporation. ... Spaceship Earth in Epcot Center at Walt Disney World is perhaps one of the most famous examples of a large scale geodesic sphere. ...


The Big O deals with the nature of memories. A memory is a record stored in the brain of an organism, but in Paradigm City memories can mean so much more.[4] "Memories" (メモリー Memorī?) embody the lost knowledge of its residents, and can take the form of records from before the Event,[5] forgotten artifacts from the previous era or manifest themselves as recollection, hallucinations or recurring dreams.[6] In psychology, memory is an organisms ability to store, retain, and subsequently recall information. ... Recollection is the retrieval of memory. ... A hallucination is a false sensory perception in the absence of an external stimulus, as distinct from an illusion, which is a misperception of an external stimulus. ... Special Edition Live Album cover Cover of the Special Edition Live Album included with selected versions of Recurring Dream. ...


The first half of the series is episodic. Each Act revolves around different citizens of Paradigm dealing with the resurgence of lost Memories and how they manage to go on living without knowledge of what did or did not happen. The final episodes introduce elements that come into play during season two like the existence of people outside of Paradigm City, the nature of the Cataclysm that destroyed the world and the "Power of God wielded by the hand of man." TV Show Reference Episode is the word usually used to refer to a part of a serial television or radio program. ... The cataclysm is the Greek expression for the Biblical Great Flood of Noah, from the Greek kataklysmos, to wash down. ...


The second season takes an arc-based approach. Instead of self-contained stories like in season one, season two features a continuous storyline. This season makes Alex Rosewater, CEO of the Paradigm Corporation, a direct antagonist to The Negotiator and introduces The Union, agents of a foreign power working within Paradigm. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... An ...


Characters

The Negotiator

Roger Smith is the series protagonist. As a Negotiator, his job entails finding a resolution for the troubles of the City of Amnesia. He'd negotiate almost anything for anyone, but he is a professional and expects the parts to behave professionally. When memories betray the people and force them to reawaken monstrosities of the city's past, Roger's only option is to fight back with a monstrosity of his own, the black megadeus Big O. This article lists the fictional characters of The Big O anime series. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A protagonist is the main figure of a piece of literature or drama and has the main part or role. ... Negotiation is the process whereby interested parties resolve disputes, agree upon courses of action, bargain for individual or collective advantage, and/or attempt to craft outcomes which serve their mutual interests. ... The Big Three Megadeuses of the series Megadeus ) is the name given to the giant robots of The Big O anime series. ...


Voiced by: Mitsuru Miyamoto (Japanese), Steven Blum (English)
Miyamoto Mitsuru (宮本 充) is a seiyuu who was born on September 8, 1958 in Osaka. ... Steven Jay Blum (born April 28, 1965) is an American voice actor known primarily for his work in anime dubs and video games. ...

The Android

R. Dorothy Wayneright is Roger's assistant. Introduced in Act:01 as Dorothy Soldano, daughter of rich industrialist Miguel Soldano, she is later revealed to be an android constructed by him. Her actual "father" would be Timothy Wayneright, the man who commissioned her construction and father of the real Dorothy Wayneright. To show her gratitude, and as a form of payment for Roger's help, she decides to move in with him and help out Norman with the chores. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... An assistant is a person or electronic tool who or that helps another person with his or her work. ... Dorothy can refer to: // People Dorothy, two virgin martyrs and saints in the Christian church Sister Dorothy (1931-2005), catholic nun of the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur Dorothy Catherine Fontana, screenplay writer Dorothy Wordsworth was the favourite sister of William Wordsworth. ... Soldano (full name: Soldano Custom Amplification) is a guitar amplifier manufacturing company, founded in 1986 by Michael Soldano in Los Angeles, California and later relocated to Seattle, Washington. ... “Mechanoid” redirects here. ... Father with child For other uses, see Father (disambiguation). ...


Voiced by: Akiko Yajima (Japanese), Lia Sargent (English)
Akiko Yajima ) (May 4, 1967 - ) is a female seiyū from Kashiwazaki, Niigata Prefecture. ... Lia Sargent is an American voice actress. ...

The Butler

Norman Burg is Roger's butler. Forty years before the commencement of the story, Norman, like the rest of Paradigm, lost all memories from before that day, but he would not think twice before going once more unto the breach for his master. Resourceful and talented, he is also caretaker of the Big O. Norman's skills give him a purpose and a mission to accomplish for Roger. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The butler is a senior servant in a large household. ... The word caretaker may have numerous meanings, but the most common two are (1) a person or persons who cares for a property in exchange for rent-free living accommodations and (2) temporary government which takes control until a stable rule can be restored. ...


Voiced by: Motomu Kiyokawa (Japanese), Milton James (English) in season one, Alan Oppenheimer (English) in season two
Kiyokawa Motomu (清川 元夢) is a seiyuu who is born on April 9, 1935. ... Milton James is a voice actor who also uses the pseudonyms Richard Barnes, Milt Jamin, and Murray Williams // Lensman - Zuilk Ghost in the Shell (as Murray Williams) The Castle of Cagliostro (Manga version) - Jodo The Big O - Norman Burg (season 1) Rurouni Kenshin - Yohei Senbonya Mobile Suit Gundam 0083: Stardust... Alan Oppenheimer (born April 23, 1930 in New York City, New York) is an American voice-actor who has had an active career in cartoons since the 1940s. ...

The Officer

Dan Dastun is the middle-aged Chief of the Military Police, introduced in Act:01. He is Roger's former commander, but they still maintain contact with each other. Dastun resents the opinion some have of his job, calling him a "lapdog" of the Paradigm Corporation, but is proud of what he does. No matter how big the threat, the Military Police are needed in Paradigm. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Middle age consists of the ages around, or older than, the middle of the average lifespan of human beings. ... A lap dog gets its name from its size; it is small enough to be held in the arms or lie comfortably on a persons lap. ...


Voiced by: Tesshou Genda (Japanese), Peter Lurie (English)
Tesshou Genda (玄田 哲章 Genda Tesshō, born May 20, 1948) is a veteran seiyu who was born in Okayama. ... Peter Hill Lurie (born January 16, 1962) is an American voice actor who is best known as the English voice of Vulcan Raven in the video game Metal Gear Solid. ...

The Enigma

Angel is the beautiful woman Roger encounters throughout the series. Introduced in Act:03 as Casey Jenkins, investigator for Paradigm Power Management, then again in Act:04 as Patricia Lovejoy, secretary for the publisher of Paradigm Press. Angel's true identity is a mystery, her motives questionable and her allegiance to no one but herself. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Voiced by: Emi Shinohara (Japanese), Wendee Lee (English)
Emi Shinohara (篠原 恵美 Shinohara Emi), born Emiko Shinohara (篠原 恵美子 Shinohara Emiko, born August 8, 1963) is a well-known seiyū. She is employed by 81 Produce. ... Wendee Lee (born April 29, 1955 in Los Angeles, CA) is an American voice actress, one of the most prolific and experienced American VAs in the business. ...


Production

See also: List of The Big O media

Development of the retro-styled series began in 1996. Keiichi Sato came up with the concept of The Big O: a giant city-smashing robot, piloted by a man in black, in a Gotham-like environment.[7] He later met up with Kazuyoshi Katayama, who had just finished directing Those Who Hunt Elves, and started work on the layouts and character designs. But when things "were about to really start moving," production on Katayama's Sentimental Journey began, putting plans on-hold. Sato was also heavily involved with his work on City Hunter. Below is the list of The Big O media, consisting of twenty-six anime episodes, eight manga volumes, two soundtracks, an artbook, and one drama CD. The Big O ), based on a concept by Keiichi Sato, follows Roger Smith, The Negotiator of Paradigm City. ... Retro is a term used to describe the culture of the past. ... Keiichi Sato ) is a mecha and character designer born in the Kagawa Prefecture of Japan in 1965. ... This article is about the fictional place. ... Those Who Hunt Elves ) is a manga series and an animated Japanese television series by Yu Yagami, released in North America on VHS and DVD by ADV Films. ... Sentimental Graffiti is the name of a video dating game series. ... City Hunter is a Japanese manga series created by Tsukasa Hojo (北條 司) in 1980s, later adapted into an anime series by Sunrise. ...


Sato admits it all started as "a gimmick for a toy" but the representatives at Bandai Hobby Division did not see the same potential.[7] From there on, the dealings would be with Bandai Visual, but Sunrise still needed some safeguards and requested more robots be designed to increase prospective toy sales. In 1999, with the designs complete, Chiaki J. Konaka was brought on as head writer. Among other things, Konaka came up with the idea of "a town without memory" and his writing staff put together the outline for a 26-episodes series.[8] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Tin plate toy car by Bandai Bandai is a Japanese toy making company. ... Sunrise logo Founded in 1972, Sunrise Inc. ... Chiaki J. Konaka (小中千昭 Konaka Chiaki) (April 4, 1961 - ) is a Japanese scriptwriter who works predominantly on anime. ...


The Big O premiered on October 13, 1999 on WOWOW. When the production staff was informed the series would be shortened to thirteen episodes, the writers decided to end it with a cliffhanger, hoping the next 13 episodes would be picked up.[9] In 2001, The Big O premiered on Cartoon Network's Toonami lineup. October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... WOWOW was the first private satellite broadcasting and pay TV station in Japan. ... For other uses, see Cliffhanger (disambiguation). ... Cartoon Network (commonly referred to as CN) is a cable television network created by Turner Broadcasting which primarily shows animated programming. ... For Toonami, the television channel in the United Kingdom, see Toonami (UK). ...

Second season

The series garnered positive fan response internationally which resulted in a second season co-produced by Cartoon Network, Sunrise, and Bandai Visual.[9] Season two premiered on Japan's SUN-TV on January 2003, with the American premiere taking place seven months later in the Adult Swim lineup.[10] All the scripts for season two were written by Konaka. Sun TV can refer to: Sun TV: a Tamil cable television channel in India, part of media giant Sun Network. ... Adult Swim, sometimes rendered [adult swim] based on its logo, is the name for an adult-oriented television programming network. ...


Along with the 13-episodes of season two, Cartoon Network had an option for 26 additional episodes to be written by Konaka.[11] According to Jason DeMarco, executive producer for season two, the middling ratings and DVD sales in the United States and Japan have made it impossible for further episodes to be produced.[12] In the film industry, an option is a contractual agreement between a movie studio, a production company, or a producer (henceforth called the producer) and a writer, in which the producer obtains the right to buy a screenplay from the writer, before a certain date. ...


Music

The Big O was scored by Geidai alumnus Toshihiko Sahashi. His composition is richly symphonic and classical, with a number of pieces delving into electronica and jazz.[13] Chosen because of his "frightening amount of musical knowledge about TV dramas overseas,"[14] Sahashi integrates musical homages into the soundtrack. The background music draws from film noir, spy films and sci-fi television series like The Twilight Zone. The battle themes are reminiscent of Akira Ifukube's compositions for the Godzilla series.[15] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Toshihiko Sahashi was born on November 12, 1959 in Tokyo. ... This article discusses classical music in the first sense (see below). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Electronic music. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... The spy film genre deals with the subject of fictional espionage, either in a realistic way or as a basis for fantasy. ... Sci-fi is an abbreviation for science fiction. ... The Twilight Zone title. ... Akira Ifukube (伊福部 昭 Ifukube Akira, 31 May 1914 – 8 February 2006) was a Japanese composer of classical music and film scores, perhaps best known for his work on the soundtracks of the Godzilla movies. ... For other uses, see Godzilla (disambiguation). ...


The first opening theme is the Queen-inspired "Big-O!"[16] Composed, arranged and performed by Rui Nagai, the song resembles the theme to the Flash Gordon film.[17] The second opening theme is "Respect," composed by Sahashi. The track is an homage to the music of Gerry Anderson's UFO, composed by Barry Gray.[18] In 2007, Rui Nagai composed "Big-O! Show Must Go On," a 1960s hard rock piece, for Animax's reruns of the show. The closing theme is the slow love ballad "And Forever," written by Chie and composed by Ken Shima. The duet is performed by Robbie Danzie and Naoki Takao. Queen are an English rock band formed in 1970 in London by Brian May, Freddie Mercury and Roger Taylor, with John Deacon joining the following year. ... Flash is a song by Queen. ... Flash Gordon is a 1980 science fiction film, based on the eponymous comic strip character Flash Gordon. ... Gerry Anderson (MBE), born 14 April 1929, is a British producer, director and writer, famous for his futuristic television programmes, particularly those involving specially modified marionettes, a process called Supermarionation. His first television production was the 1957 Roberta Leigh childrens series The Adventures of Twizzle. ... UFO is a British television science fiction series created by Gerry Anderson and Sylvia Anderson and produced by the Andersons and Lew Grades Century 21 Productions for Grades ITC Entertainment company. ... Barry Gray (July 18, 1908 in Lancashire, England - April 26, 1984 in Guernsey, Channel Islands) was a British musician and composer who is best known for his work for Gerry Anderson. ... Hard rock is a variation of rock and roll music which has its earliest roots in mid-1960s garage and psychedelic rock. ... Animax ) is a Japanese anime satellite television network, established and owned by Sony Corporation, and dedicated to broadcasting anime programming. ...


Along with Sahashi's original compositions, the soundtrack features Chopin's Prelude No. 15 and a jazz saxophone rendition of “Jingle Bells.” The complete score was released in two volumes by Victor Entertainment. Frédéric François Chopin as portrayed by Eugène Delacroix in 1838. ... The Preludes Op. ... Jingle Bells, originally One Horse Open Sleigh, is one of the best known and commonly sung secular Christmas songs in the world. ... Victor Entertainment ) is a subsidiary of Japan Victor Company (JVC) that produces and distributes music, movies and other entertainment products such as anime and television shows in Japan. ...


Adaptations

The Big O was conceived as a media franchise. To this effect, Sunrise requested a manga be produced along with the animated series. The Big O manga started serialization in Kodansha's Magazine Z on July 1999, three months before the anime premiere. Authored by Hitoshi Ariga, the manga uses Keiichi Sato's concept designs in an all-new story. The series ended on October 2001. The issues were later collected in six volumes. The English version of the manga is published by VIZ Media. i eat poop alot A media franchise is an intellectual property involving the characters, setting, and trademarks of an original work of media (usually a work of fiction), such as a film, a work of literature, a television program, or a video game. ... Hajime Yatate (矢立 肇 Yatate Hajime), also known as Hajime Yadate, is a pen name for the collective contributions of the Sunrise animation staff. ... The head office of Kodansha Kodansha Limited ) is the largest Japanese publisher of literature and manga, headquartered in (Bunkyo), Tokyo. ... Magazine Z is a Japanese seinen mixed-media magazine published by Kodansha, aimed at teenage males and above, but particularly at hardcore anime and manga fans, featuring articles as well as manga tied into popular franchises. ... Tankōbon ) is the Japanese term for a compilation volume of a particular series (such as a manga or a novel series, magazine articles, essays, craft patterns, etc. ... This article deals with the American media company. ...


In anticipation to the broadcast of the second season, a new manga series was published. Lost Memory (ロストメモリー Rosuto Memorī?), authored by Hitoshi Ariga, takes place between volumes five and six of the original manga. The issues, serialized in Magazine Z from November 2002 to September 2003, were collected in two volumes. As of July 2007, no English translation is available.


Paradigm Noise (パラダイム・ノイズ Paradaimu Noizu?), a novel by Hiroki Taniguchi, was released July 16, 2003 (Tokuma Shoten: ISBN 4-19-861708-2). is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tokuma Shoten (徳間書店) is one of the largest entertainment publishers in Japan. ...


Design

The Big O is the brainchild of Keiichi Sato and Kazuyoshi Katayama,[14] an homage to the shows they grew up with. The show references the works of Gerry Anderson and ITC Entertainment, the superhero shows produced by the Toei Company and "old school" super robots. The series is done in the style of film noir and pulp fiction and combines the feel of a detective show with the giant robot genre.[19] For a description of the medieval homage ceremony see commendation ceremony Homage is generally used in modern English to mean any public show of respect to someone to whom you feel indebted. ... Gerry Anderson (MBE), born 14 April 1929, is a British producer, director and writer, famous for his futuristic television programmes, particularly those involving specially modified marionettes, a process called Supermarionation. His first television production was the 1957 Roberta Leigh childrens series The Adventures of Twizzle. ... The ITC Entertainment logo The Incorporated Television Company (ITC) was founded by television mogul Lew Grade in 1954. ... Toei Superheroes are superhero shows produced by Toei Company Ltd. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Toei Animation. ... Old school, variously spelled old skool, oldschool or oldskool, is a slang term referring to an older school of thinking or acting and to old objects in general, within the context of newer, more modern times. ... The Super Robot Mazinger Z. Super Robot is a term used in manga and anime to describe a giant robot or mecha, with an arsenal of fantastic super-powered weapons, sometimes transformable or combined from two or more robots and/or vehicles usually piloted by young, daring heroes, and often... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... Flynns Detective Fiction from 1941. ... For the fictional robot, see Mecha. ...


Style

Film noir is a stylistic approach to genre films forged in Depression-era detective and gangster films and hard-boiled detective stories which were a staple of pulp fiction.[20] The Big O shares much of its themes, diction, archetypes and visual iconography with the film noirs of the 1940s.[21] This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... The Great Depression started after October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. ... Hard Boiled (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally: Hot-Handed God of Cops) is a 1992 action film by director John Woo. ... Detective fiction is a branch of crime fiction that centres upon the investigation of a crime, usually murder, by a detective, either professional or amateur. ... Flynns Detective Fiction from 1941. ...

The shadows of Venetian blinds cast upon the hero, a signature visual of film noir.
The shadows of Venetian blinds cast upon the hero, a signature visual of film noir.

Low-key lighting schemes marks most noirs.[20] The series incorporates the use of long dark shadows in the tradition of chiaroscuro and tenebrism.[21] Film noir is also known for its use of odd angles, such as Roger's low shot introduction in the first episode. Noir cinematographers favoured this angle because it made characters almost rise from the ground, giving them dramatic girth and symbolic overtones. Other disorientating devices like dutch angles, mirror reflection and distorting shots are employed throughout the series. Image File history File links Shadowcasting_(Big_O). ... Image File history File links Shadowcasting_(Big_O). ... Venetian blind detail, showing how slats are connected Cat tangled in miniblinds A window blind is a covering for a window, usually attached to the interior side of a window. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... A Black and White low-key portrait. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tenebrism. ... From the Italian tenebroso (murky), tenebrism is a style of painting using violent contrasts of light and dark, as in the work of Caravaggio. ... Low Angle Shots are usualy when the camera is down low (often knee height)and the shot is upwards. ... A Dutch tilt, Dutch angle, oblique angle, German angle, canted angle or Batman Angle is a cinematic tactic often used to portray the psychological uneasiness or tension in the subject being filmed. ...


The characters of The Big O fit the noir and pulp fiction archetypes.[20] Roger Smith is a protagonist in the mold of Chandler's Philip Marlowe or Hammett's Sam Spade.[22] He is canny and cynical,[23] a disillusioned cop-turned-negotiator whose job has more in common with detective-style work than negotiating.[19] Big Ear is Roger's street informant and Dan Dastun is his friend on the police force. The recurring Beck is the imaginative thug compelled by delusions of grandeur while the lovely Angel fills the role of the femme fatale. Minor characters include crooked cops, corrupt business men and deranged scientists.[15] This article lists the fictional characters of The Big O anime series. ... An archetype is a generic, idealized model of a person, object, or concept from which similar instances are derived, copied, patterned, or emulated. ... Raymond Chandler Raymond Thornton Chandler (July 23, 1888 – March 26, 1959) was an author of crime stories and novels. ... Ed Bishop had the title role in BBC Radios The Adventures of Philip Marlowe. ... Samuel Dashiell Hammett (May 27, 1894 – January 10, 1961) was an American author of hard-boiled detective novels and short stories. ... Poster of the 1941 Warner Brothers film version of The Maltese Falcon, directed by John Huston Sam Spade was the leading character in the novel and movie The Maltese Falcon (1931). ... Negotiation is the process whereby interested parties resolve disputes, agree upon courses of action, bargain for individual or collective advantage, and/or attempt to craft outcomes which serve their mutual interests. ... Convicted spy Mata Hari made her name synonymous with femme fatale during WWI. A femme fatale (plural: femmes fatales) is an alluring and seductive woman whose charms ensnare her lovers in bonds of irresistible desire, often leading them into compromising, dangerous and deadly situations. ...


Noir characters often "crack wise" and speak in double entendres.[20] The dialogue in the series is recognized for its witty, wry sense of humor.[24][25] The characters come off as charming and exchange banter not often heard in anime dialogue, which tends to be straightforward.[14] The plot is moved along by Roger's voice-over narration, putting the viewer into the mind of the protagonist so it can intimately experience the character's angst and partly identify with the narrator. Craic is a word in common usage in Ireland meaning fun, enjoyment, or good times, often in the context of drinking or music. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A voice-over is a narration that is played on top of a video segment, usually with the audio for that segment muted or lowered. ... See also Point of view (literature) Grammatical person, in linguistics, is deictic reference to the participant role of a referent, such as the speaker, the addressee, and others. ...


The urban landscape, Paradigm City, is the perfect noir milieu.[20] The tall buildings and giant domes create a sense of claustrophobia and paranoia characteristic of the style.[26][27] The rural landscape, Ailesberry Farm, contrasts Paradigm City. Noir protagonists often look for sanctuary in such settings but, as seen in Act:23, they just as likely end up becoming a killing ground.[15] The series score is representative of its setting. While no classic noir possesses a jazz score, the music could be heard in nightclubs within the films.[28] The recurring Roger's Theme , a lone saxophone accompaniment to the protagonist's narration, best exemplifies the noir stylings of the series.[21] Paradigm City Domes The main setting of the televised anime series The Big O is called Paradigm City, located next to a sea and a vast desert wasteland. ... Claustrophobia is an anxiety disorder that involves the fear of enclosed or confined spaces. ... For other senses of this word, see paranoia (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Roger's_Theme_(Big_O). ...


Amnesia is a common plot device in film noir.[29] Because most of these stories focused on a character proving his innocence, authors up the ante by making him an amnesiac, unable to prove his innocence even to himself. The Big O goes further, by removing the memories of the whole population. The convoluted past is told through the use of flashbacks. Like most noirs, the past in The Big O is tangible and menacing.[20] The characters are often trying to escape some trauma or a crime committed going as far as the Event that changed the world. But the citizens of Paradigm cannot escaped their past, whether they know it or not, and confronting it is their only chance of redemption. Amnesia or amnæsia (from Greek ) (see spelling differences) is a condition in which memory is disturbed. ... A plot device is a person or an object introduced to a story to affect or advance the plot. ... In literature, film, television and other media, a flashback (also called analepsis) is an interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point the story has reached. ...


Influences

Further information: List of allusions in The Big O

The Big O's most commented upon influence is DC Comics' Batman.[14][15][24] Sunrise, the series production studio, was a subcontractor for Warner Bros. Animation's Batman: The Animated Series,[30][31] and Toonami promos acknowledged the Dark Knight's influence on Roger Smith.[32] Below is the list of allusions in The Big O anime series. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Sunrise logo Founded in 1972, Sunrise Inc. ... Warner Bros. ... The animated Batman shoots his grappling gun from a rooftop in a scene from the episode, On Leather Wings. ... For Toonami, the television channel in the United Kingdom, see Toonami (UK). ...


Roger Smith is a pastiche of the Bruce Wayne persona and the Dark Knight Batman. The character design is pure Wayne, complete with slicked-back hair and double-breasted business suit. Like Bruce, Roger prides himself in being a rich playboy to the extent that one of his household's rules is only women may be let into his mansion without his permission.[25] Like Batman, Roger Smith carries a no-gun policy, albeit more flexible. Unlike the personal motives of the Batman, Roger enforces this rule for "it's all part of being a gentleman."[33] Among Roger's gadgetry is the Griffon, a large, black hi-tech sedan comparable to the Batmobile, a grappling cable that shoots out his wristwatch and the giant robot Angel calls "Roger's alter-ego." Roger Smith from The Big O. Roger Smith is the main character in the anime television series and the manga, The Big O. [1] He is voiced in original Japanese production by Mitsuru Miyamoto, and is voiced in the English dub by Steven Blum. ... The word pastiche describes a literary or other artistic genre. ... For other uses, see Batman (disambiguation). ... Persona literally means mask , although it does not usually refer to a literal mask but to the social masks all humans supposedly wear. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


The Big O's cast of supporting characters includes Norman, Roger's faithful mechanically-inclined butler who fills the role of Alfred Pennyworth; R. Dorothy Wayneright, who plays the role of the sidekick; and Dan Dastun, a good honest cop who, like Jim Gordon, is a friend to the hero. A character of a book, play, movie, TV show or other form of storytelling usually used only to give dimension to a main character, by adding a relationship with this character, although sometimes supporting characters may develop a complexity of their own. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Alfred Pennyworth is a fictional supporting character in the DC Comics Batman series. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... James Jim Worthington Gordon is a supporting character in DC Comics Batman series. ...

"Showtime!" In an homage to Giant Robo, Roger uses his wristwatch to summon Big O.

The other major influence is Mitsuteru Yokoyama's Giant Robo.[24][30][34] Before working on The Big O, Kazuyoshi Katayama and other animators were staffers on the Giant Robo OVA. The feature, a "retro chic" homage to Yokoyama's career, took seven years to produce and suffered low sales and high running costs. Frustrated with the experience, the staff looked to make The Big O the series they hoped Giant Robo would be.[18] Image File history File links Showtime_(Big_O). ... Image File history File links Showtime_(Big_O). ... Mitsuteru Yokoyamas Giant Robo Giant Robo ), is a tokusatsu, anime and manga series created by Mitsuteru Yokoyama. ... Mitsuteru Yokoyama (横山 光輝; Yokoyama Mitsuteru) (June 18, 1934 Kobe, Japan - April 15, 2004 Tokyo, Japan) was a famous Japanese mangaka or comic artist. ... Mitsuteru Yokoyamas Giant Robo Giant Robo ), is a tokusatsu, anime and manga series created by Mitsuteru Yokoyama. ... Giant Robo: The Day the Earth Stood Still ) is an anime OVA series written and directed by Yasuhiro Imagawa, (G Gundam, Seven of Seven) inspired on Mitsuteru Yokoyamas manga series of the same name. ... Retro is a term used to describe the culture of the past. ... Chic is a French word, established in English since at least the 1870s, that has come to mean smart or stylish. ...


Like Giant Robo, the megadeuses of Big O are metal behemoths. The designs are strange and "more macho than practical,"[35] sporting big stovepipe arms and exposed rivets. Unlike the giants of other robot anime, the megadeuses do not exhibit ninja-like speed nor grace. Instead, the robots are armed with "old school" weaponry such as missiles, piston powered punches, machine guns and laser cannons.[36] This article or section may need to be cleaned up and rewritten because it describes a work of fiction in a primarily in-universe style. ... A missile (British English: miss-isle; U.S. English: missl) is, in general, a projectile—that is, something thrown or otherwise propelled. ... For the use of the term in optics, see piston (optics). ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... Experiment with a laser (US Military) In physics, a laser is a device that emits light through a specific mechanism for which the term laser is an acronym: Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. ... For other uses, see Cannon (disambiguation). ...


Reception

The Big O premiered on October 13, 1999. The show was not a hit in its native Japan, rather it was reduced from an outlined 26 episodes to 13 episodes. Western audiences were more receptive and the series achieved the success its creators were looking for.[37][9] In an interview with AnimePlay Magazine, Keiichi Sato said "This is exactly as we had planned", referring to the success overseas.[14] October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... AnimePlay is a trademark used to refer to the visual novel games distributed by Hirameki International and a magazine profiling these games. ...


Several words appear constantly in the English-language reviews; adjectives like "hip,"[27] "sleek,"[38] "stylish," [39] "classy,"[35] and, above all, "cool"[40][39][37] serve to describe the artwork, the concept, and the series itself. Reviewers have pointed out references and homages to various works of fiction, namely Batman,[24][41] Giant Robo,[23][35] the works of Isaac Asimov,[26][27] Fritz Lang's Metropolis,[23] James Bond,[42][43] and Cowboy Bebop.[44][45] But "while saying that may cause one to think the show is completely derivative", reads an article at Anime on DVD, "The Big O still manages to stand out as something original amongst the other numerous cookie-cutter anime shows." One reviewer cites the extensive homages as one of the series problems and calls to unoriginality on the creators part.[46] Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Mitsuteru Yokoyamas Giant Robo Giant Robo ), is a tokusatsu, anime and manga series created by Mitsuteru Yokoyama. ... Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1] – April 6, 1992), IPA: , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов) was a Russian-born American Jewish author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful and exceptionally prolific writer best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... Friedrich Anton Christian Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-American film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known émigrés from Germanys school of expressionism. ... Metropolis is a silent science fiction film created by the famed Austrian director Fritz Lang. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... Original run April 3, 1998 – April 23, 1999 No. ...


The first season's reception was positive. Anime on DVD recommends it as an essential series.[42] Chris Beveridge of the aforementioned site gave an A- to Vols. 1 and 2, and a B+ to Vols. 3 and 4.[47] The review at the Anime Academy gave it a grade of 83, listing the series high points being "unique", the "interesting characters" and the "nice action."[19] Mike Toole of Anime Jump, who gave it a 4.5 (out of a possible 5) stars writes "The Big O is a thoroughly excellent series."[23] Reviewers,[23][48][42] and fans alike,[9][10] agree the season's downfall was the ending, or its lack thereof. The dangling plot threads frustrated the viewers and prompted Cartoon Network's involvement in the production of further episodes.[10]


The look and feel of the show received a big enhancement in the second season.[49] This time around, the animation is "near OVA quality"[50] and the artwork "far more lush and detailed."[37] Also enhanced are the troubles of the first season. The giant robot battles still seem out of place to some,[46][51] while others praise the "over-the-top-ness" of their execution.[19][40] A human ovum An ovum (loosely, egg or egg cell) is a female sex cell or gamete. ...


For some reviewers, the second season "doesn't quite match the first"[52] addressing to "something" missing in these episodes.[46] Andy Patrizio of IGN points out changes in Roger Smith's character, who "lost some of his cool and his very funny side in the second season." Like a repeat of season one, this season's ending is considered its downfall.[53][54] Chris Beveridge of Anime on DVD wonders if this was head writer "Konaka's attempt to throw his hat into the ring for creating one of the most confusing and oblique endings of any series." Patrizio states "the creators watched The Truman Show and The Matrix a few times too many." The reviewer at Japan Hero does not think the payoff was worth it, writing "the audience had been waiting on pins and needles for so long, and practically every episode upped the tension and suspense at least a little bit, if not a whole lot, and then we come to the big IT-moment, and... well, there it is. For me, it was honestly a little of a disappointment." IGN is a multimedia news and reviews website that focuses heavily on video games. ... The Truman Show is a 1998 film directed by Peter Weir, written by Andrew Niccol, and starring Jim Carrey and Ed Harris. ... The Matrix is a 1999 science fiction action film written and directed by Larry and Andy Wachowski and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Joe Pantoliano and Hugo Weaving. ...


References

  1. ^ The Big O Visual: Official Companion to "The Big-O" TV series (ISBN 4-57-529579-5), p. 39.
  2. ^ Roger Smith (voice-over): This place, Paradigm City, is a town of forgetfulness. One day forty years ago, every person here lost all memory of everything which had occurred before that day. But humans are adaptable creatures, they make do and go on with life. If they're smart enough to figure out how to operate machinery and get electricity, they can still have something of civilization even without a history. (Act:01, "Roger the Negotiator")
  3. ^ Thug: Negotiator... // Roger Smith: My work here is done. // Thug: This is about a new job. I hear my parent company is interested in hiring you. // Roger: Your parent company? // Roger (voice-over): Whether you're a bread store or a real estate agency, or even the Military Police for that matter, it doesn't make a bit of difference. When you say "parent company", it always means the same place. In this city, the firm called Paradigm is considered both God and State. (Act:04)
  4. ^ Note the series uses the spelling "Memory" (メモリー Memorī?) instead of "memory" (記憶 kioku?).
  5. ^ Schwarzwald: Forty years ago, something happened, and we all lost our memory! We even forgot the untold power we once possessed! // Roger Smith (about a megadeus archetype): You call this power? // Schwarzwald: A Megadeus was nothing special, Negotiator. I could possess power like that if I could only regain those Memories. (Act:04)
  6. ^ Dan Dastun (over scenes from a black-and white movie): I don't remember when I first saw it, but I know that the dream is based on a scene from an old movie I watched when I was a kid. It's bone-chilling cold as snow falls softly onto a winter sea. The woman is shot. Presumably by the man she loves. // Roger Smith: "Vous etes si gentil"? // Dastun: Sounds like a language from some other country, probably where the movie was made. (Act:10, "Winter Night Phantom")
  7. ^ a b "Birth of the Big O". The Big O DVD Volume 1. Bandai Entertainment.
  8. ^ THE BIG O! Chiaki J. Konaka Interview (Archive). Anime Jump (2001).
  9. ^ a b c d Chiaki J. Konaka. The Big O (production notes) (Japanese). Retrieved on 2006-11-18.
  10. ^ a b c Comic-con Adult Swim News. Anime News Network (2002-08-04). Retrieved on 2006-11-18.
  11. ^ More Big O. Anime News Network (2003-06-09). Retrieved on 2006-12-03.
  12. ^ Ask Kim Manning -- And what is up with Big O Season 3?. adult swim. Retrieved on 2006-12-03.
  13. ^ McCarter, Charles. The Big-O Original Sound Score. EX: The Online World of Anime & Manga. Retrieved on 2006-12-15.
  14. ^ a b c d e Shimura, Shinichi. (2004). Anime rebel with a cause: The Big O's Keiichi Sato. AnimePlay, 5, 22-26.
  15. ^ a b c d Penedo, Nicolas. The Big O, un animé sous influence. AnimeLand. Retrieved on 2006-12-16. (French)
  16. ^ McCarter, Charles. The Big O! CD Single. EX: The Online World of Anime & Manga. Retrieved on 2006-12-08.
  17. ^ On his website, Rui Nagai names Queen as one of this favorites bands.(Japanese)
  18. ^ a b Anime Central 2003 Panel. A Fan's View. Retrieved on 2006-11-23.
  19. ^ a b c d Big O Review. Anime Academy. Retrieved on 2006-11-04.
  20. ^ a b c d e f Silver, A. & Ursini, J. "What is 'Noir'?" In Film Noir. Los Angeles, CA: Taschen Books. ISBN 3-8228-2261-2
  21. ^ a b c The Big O. anime and manga for Australia. Retrieved on 2006-11-04.
  22. ^ The series name resembles The Big Sleep (1946). Other "Big" film noirs include The Big Clock (1948), The Big Steal (1949), The Big Heat (1953), and The Big Combo (1955).
  23. ^ a b c d e Toole, Mike (2003-09-24). The Big O vols. 1-4. Anime Jump. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  24. ^ a b c d The Big O Preview. Anime News Network. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  25. ^ a b Roger Smith (meeting Dorothy): I have a special house rule that only lovely young women can unconditionally enter this mansion. Sorry to keep you waiting. I'm Roger Smith. How may I be of service, Miss... // Roger (Dorothy turns to face him): What's going? You're Miss Wayneright? // R. Dorothy Wayneright: How do you do? // Roger: Norman must be senile. How else could he confuse an android for a woman? // Dorothy: You couldn't tell the difference at first, either. // Roger: It was dark! I couldn't see in that dump! (Act:01)
  26. ^ a b Beveridge, Chris (2001-06-19). Anime on DVD Reviews: The Big O Vol. #1. Anime on DVD. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  27. ^ a b c The Big O Complete Collection DVD Review. DVD Vision Japan. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  28. ^ Interview with Eddie Muller. SFJAZZ (2006-05-17). Retrieved on 2006-11-04.
  29. ^ Rafferty, T. (November 2, 2003) The Last Word in Alienation: I Just Don't Remember. The New York Times.
  30. ^ a b Clements, J. & McCarthy, H. (2001). The Anime Encyclopedia: A Guide to Japanese Animation Since 1917. Berkley, CA: Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 1-88-065664-7.
  31. ^ For detail on which episodes Sunrise worked on, see The World's Finest.
  32. ^ For the Batman: The Animated Series promo "Like a Shadow", Toonami used the tagline "Good guys wear black." The Big O promo was named "Good Guys Still Wear Black" as a reference to Batman. Available for download at Toonami Digital Arsenal.
  33. ^ Angel (hands Roger a gun): Try this! // Roger Smith (under heavy-fire): Goes against my principles... but I don't have a choice! // Angel (after Roger shoots the water pipes behind the soldiers): So no matter what, you won't shoot people? // Roger: It's all part of being a gentleman. (Act:08, "Missing Cat")
  34. ^ Patten, Fred (2001-06-15). New from Japan: The Big O Volumes 1 - 4. Animation World Magazine. Retrieved on 2006-11-23.
  35. ^ a b c Rhee, Keith (2000-02-03). The Big O. EX: The Online World of Anime & Manga. Retrieved on 2006-11-04.
  36. ^ Hayward, Keith. Super Robot Review: The Big O. Japan Hero. Retrieved on 2006-11-23.
  37. ^ a b c Arseneau, Adam (2004-03-05). The Big O II: Paradigm Lost (Volume 1) Review. DVD Verdict. Retrieved on 2006-11-04.
  38. ^ Byun, Bryan (2004-09-30). The Big O II: Missing Pieces (Volume 2) Review. DVD Verdict. Retrieved on 2006-11-04.
  39. ^ a b Shelton, Andrew. Big O Review. Anime Meta-Review. Retrieved on 2006-11-04.
  40. ^ a b Shepard, Chris. Big O Review. Anime News Network. Retrieved on 2006-11-04.
  41. ^ Forbes, Jake (January 2001). The Big-O. Animefringe. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  42. ^ a b c Anime on DVD Recommends: The Big O. Anime on DVD. Retrieved on 2006-11-04.
  43. ^ The Toonami promo "Recipe of Justice" calls the series "one part Bond." It is available for download at Toonami Digital Arsenal.
  44. ^ Robinson, Tasha (2001-04-02). Big O. SCI FI Weekly. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  45. ^ Steven Blum voices Spike Spiegel in the English-language version of Cowboy Bebop. Wendee Lee voices Faye Valentine.
  46. ^ a b c The Big O/The Big O II. The Anime Review. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  47. ^ The Big-O (Meta Review). Meta Anime Review Project. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  48. ^ Beveridge, Chris (2001-12-18). Anime on DVD Reviews: The Big O Vol. #4. Anime on DVD. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  49. ^ Beveridge, Chris (2003-11-03). Anime on DVD Reviews: The Big O II Vol. #1. Anime on DVD. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  50. ^ Divers, Allen (2004-01-20). The Big O II DVD 1: Paradigm Lost. Anime News Network. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  51. ^ Robinson, Tasha (2004-01-12). The Big O II. SCI FI Weekly. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  52. ^ Patrizio, Andy (2004-06-25). The Big O II - Aggressive Negotiations Review. IGN. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  53. ^ Super Robot Reviews: The Big O II: 2nd Season. Japan Hero. Retrieved on 2006-11-11.
  54. ^ Beveridge, Chris. Big O II Vol. #4 (of 4). AnimeOnDVD.com. Retrieved on 2006-12-29.

Roger the Negotiator is the first episode in the first season of the anime series The Big O. Spoiler warning: Category: ... Cuius regio, eius religio is a phrase in Latin that means, Whose the region is, his religion. ... Winter Night Phantom is the tenth episode in the first season of The Big O. Spoiler warning: // Plot The Film The episode begins with Major Dan Dastun viewing an old movie on a projector, presumably made before the event 40 years ago. ... Tin plate toy car by Bandai Bandai is a Japanese toy making company. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Alain Silver is a US film producer, music producer, film reviewer, film historian, and writer on film topics, especially film noir and horror films. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Big Sleep (1946) is the first film version of Raymond Chandlers 1939 novel of the same name. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ... The Big Clock is a 1948 film noir thriller set in New York City based on the novel by Kenneth Fearing. ... The Big Steal is a 1949 black-and-white film noir/comedy reteaming Out of the Past stars Robert Mitchum and Jane Greer. ... The Big Heat is a 1953 Fritz Lang-directed motion film drama shot in black and white. ... The Big Combo (1955) The Big Combo (1955)is director Joseph H. Lewis black-and-white film noir. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Terrence Rafferty is a film critic, notably serving a regular post at The New Yorker during the 1990s. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... The animated Batman shoots his grappling gun from a rooftop in a scene from the episode, On Leather Wings. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Missing Cat is the eighth episode in the first season of The Big O. Spoiler warning: // Pero The episode starts with Major Dastun investigating the murder of a wealthy lady, Jessica Wallace, 52, at her home in East Town. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Steven Jay Blum (born April 28, 1965) is an American voice actor known primarily for his work in anime dubs and video games. ... Spike Spiegel as seen in Cowboy Bebop: The Movie. ... Original run April 3, 1998 – April 23, 1999 No. ... Wendee Lee (born April 29, 1955 in Los Angeles, CA) is an American voice actress, one of the most prolific and experienced American VAs in the business. ... Cowboy Bebop (Japanese: カウボーイビバップ, but most often written in English, even in Japan) is an anime series by Shinichiro Watanabe that initially ran starting in 1998. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... IGN is a multimedia news and reviews website that focuses heavily on video games. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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