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Encyclopedia > The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys
Origin Hawthorne, California, USA
Genre(s) Rock and Roll, Pop, Surf Rock, Psychedelic Rock, Baroque Pop, Sunshine Pop
Years active 1961–present
Label(s) Capitol
Brother
Reprise
Caribou
Website thebeachboys.com
Members
Al Jardine
Bruce Johnston
Mike Love
Brian Wilson
Former members
Carl Wilson
Dennis Wilson
David Marks
Ricky Fataar
Blondie Chaplin
Glen Campbell
Jeff Foskett

The Beach Boys is an American rock and roll band. Formed in 1961, it gained popularity for its close vocal harmonies and lyrics reflecting a California youth culture of surfing, girls, and cars. Brian Wilson's growing creative ambitions later transformed them into a more artistically innovative group that earned critical praise and influenced many later musicians.[1] Hawthorne is a city located in southwestern Los Angeles County, California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... In the early 1960s, one of the most popular forms of rock and roll was surf rock. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... Baroque pop as a style originated in the mid 1960s as the flipside of sunshine pop. ... Sunshine pop, also known as sunshine rock, is a musical movement originating in California with its most famous exponents being The Beach Boys and The Mamas and the Papas. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood, California. ... Brother Records is a record label and holding company owned by Al Jardine, Brian Wilson, Mike Love, and the estate of Carl Wilson, that holds the Beach Boys intellectual property rights, including the Beach Boys trademark. ... Reprise Records is an American record label, owned by Warner Music Group, operated through Warner Bros. ... Caribou Reaction is a record label which distributed some of the Brother Records releases by The Beach Boys. ... Alan Charles Al Jardine (born September 3, 1942 in Lima, Ohio) is a founding member of the Beach Boys, their occasional lead vocalist, and one of their guitarists. ... Bruce Arthur Johnston (born Benjamin Baldwin and then adopted, on June 27, 1942 in Peoria, Illinois) is a member of The Beach Boys and a Grammy Award-winning songwriter for composing I Write the Songs. ... This article is about The Beach Boys band member. ... For other persons named Brian Wilson, see Brian Wilson (disambiguation). ... Carl Wilson on the cover of his eponymous 1981 album. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... David Marks (born 1948) is a songwriter and musician. ... Ricky Fataar (born 5 September 1952 in Durban, South Africa) is a South African musician who is primarily a drummer. ... Terence William Blondie Chaplin (b. ... For the town in Clearfield County, Pennsylvania, see Glen Campbell, Pennsylvania. ... Jeffrey Foskett is a guitarist and singer best known for his work with The Beach Boys. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity, and therefore chords, actual or implied, in music. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other persons named Brian Wilson, see Brian Wilson (disambiguation). ...


The group initially comprised singer-musician-composer Brian Wilson, his brothers, Carl and Dennis, their cousin Mike Love, and friend Al Jardine. This core quintet, along with early member David Marks and later bandmate Bruce Johnston, were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988. The Beach Boys have often been called "America's Band"[2] and have had thirty-six U.S. Top 40 hits (the most of any U.S. rock band) and fifty-six Hot 100 hits, including four number one singles.[1] According to Billboard Magazine, in terms of singles and album sales, the Beach Boys are the No. 1 selling American band.[3] For other persons named Brian Wilson, see Brian Wilson (disambiguation). ... Carl Wilson on the cover of his eponymous 1981 album. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about The Beach Boys band member. ... Alan Charles Al Jardine (born September 3, 1942 in Lima, Ohio) is a founding member of the Beach Boys, their occasional lead vocalist, and one of their guitarists. ... David Marks (born 1948) is a songwriter and musician. ... Bruce Arthur Johnston (born Benjamin Baldwin and then adopted, on June 27, 1942 in Peoria, Illinois) is a member of The Beach Boys and a Grammy Award-winning songwriter for composing I Write the Songs. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... Top 40 is a radio format based on frequent repetition of songs from a constantly-updated list of the forty best-selling singles. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ...


Many changes in both musical styles and personnel have occurred during their career, notably because of Brian Wilson's mental illness and drug use (leading to his eventual withdrawal from the group) and the deaths of Dennis and Carl Wilson in 1983 and 1998, respectively. Extensive legal battles between members of the group have also played their part. After Carl Wilson's death, founding member Al Jardine was ousted by Mike Love. Love and Bruce Johnston then leased the rights to the band's name and continue to tour as The Beach Boys. A mental illness or mental disorder refers to one of many mental health conditions characterized by distress, impaired cognitive functioning, atypical behavior, emotional dysregulation, and/or maladaptive behavior. ... Recreational drug use is the use of psychoactive drugs for recreational purposes rather than for work, medical or spiritual purposes, although the distinction is not always clear. ...

Contents

History

Formative years

The first Beach Boys record (released December 1961) after having their band name changed from The Pendletones: this is the 2nd pressing, on X Records
The first Beach Boys record (released December 1961) after having their band name changed from The Pendletones: this is the 2nd pressing, on X Records

In the beginning, the group relied on Brian Wilson; brother Dennis would later say: "Brian is the Beach Boys, and we are his messengers."[citation needed] Image File history File links Beach_boys_X_label_301. ... Image File history File links Beach_boys_X_label_301. ...


Brian Wilson was born in Inglewood, Los Angeles. At the age of sixteen, Brian shared a bedroom with his two brothers, Dennis and Carl. He watched his father, Murry Wilson, play piano and listened intently to the harmonies of vocal groups like The Four Freshmen. One night he taught his brothers a song called "Ivory Tower" and how to sing the background harmonies. "We practiced night after night, singing softly, hoping we wouldn't wake our Dad." [4] For his sixteenth birthday, Brian received a reel-to-reel tape recorder. He learned how to overdub, using his vocals and those of Carl and his mother. He would play piano and later added Carl playing the Rickenbacker guitar he got as a Christmas present.[5] Murry Gage Wilson (July 2, 1917 – June 4, 1973) was a musician and record producer, best remembered as father to Brian Wilson, Dennis Wilson, and Carl Wilson. ... The Four Freshmen were an American vocal group popular from the 1950s through the early 1960s. ...


Soon Brian was avidly listening to Johnny Otis on his KFOX radio show, a favorite station of Carl's. Inspired by the simple structure and vocals of the rhythm and blues songs he heard, he changed his piano-playing style and started writing songs. His enthusiasm interfered with his music studies at school. He failed to complete a twelfth-grade piano sonata, but did submit an original composition, called "Surfin'".[6] Johnny Otis Johnny Otis (born Ioannis (Yannis) Veliotes on December 28, 1921 in Vallejo, California) is an American blues and rhythm and blues pianist, vibraphonist, drummer, singer, bandleader, and impresario. ... R&B redirects here. ... Sonata (From Latin and Italian sonare, to sound), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to cantata (Latin and Italian cantare, to sing), a piece sung. ...


Family gatherings brought the Wilsons in contact with cousin Mike Love. With Love's sister Maureen and a friend, Brian taught them harmonies. Later, Brian, Mike and two friends performed at Hawthorne High School (Hawthorne, California), drawing tremendous applause for their version of The Olympics' (doo-wop group) "Hully Gully".[7] Brian also knew Al Jardine, a high school classmate, who had already played guitar in a folk group called The Islanders. One day, on the spur of the moment, they asked a couple of football players in the school training room to learn harmony parts, but it wasn't a success - the bass singer was flat.[8] Hawthorne High School is a public high school located in Hawthorne, California which is part of the Centinela Valley Union High School District. ...


Brian suggested to Jardine that they team up with his cousin and brother Carl. It was at these sessions, held in Brian's bedroom, that "The Beach Boys sound" began to form. Brian says: "Everyone contributed something. Carl kept us hip to the latest tunes, Al taught us his repertoire of folk songs, and Dennis, though he didn't [at the time] play anything, added a combustible spark just by his presence." It was Love who encouraged Brian to write songs and he also gave the fledgling band its first name: The Pendletones.[9]


Although surfing motifs were very prominent in their early songs, Dennis was the only member of the group who surfed. He suggested that his brothers compose some songs celebrating his hobby and the lifestyle which had developed around it in Southern California.[10] For other uses, see Surfing (disambiguation). ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ...


Jardine and a singer friend, Gary Winfrey, went to Brian's to see if he could help out with a version of a folk song they wanted to record - "Sloop John B." In Brian's absence, the two spoke with his father, Murry Wilson, a music industry veteran of modest success. In September 1961, Murry arranged for The Pendletones to meet publishers Hite and Dorinda Morgan at Stereo Masters in Hollywood.[11] The group performed a straight forward rendition of "Sloop John B.", but failed to impress them. After an awkward pause, Dennis mentioned they had an original song, called "Surfin'". Brian was taken aback - he had not finished writing the song - but Hite Morgan was interested and asked them to call back when the song was complete.[12] With help from Mike, Brian finished the song and the group rented guitars, drums, amps and microphones. They practiced for three days while the Wilsons' parents were on a short vacation. A few days later they auditioned for the Morgans again and Hite Morgan declared: "That's a smash!"[13] Sloop John B is the seventh track on The Beach Boys Pet Sounds album and was also a single which was released in 1966 on Capitol Records. ...


On October 3, 1961, The Pendletones recorded twelve takes of "Surfin'" in the Morgans' cramped offices (Dennis was deemed not yet good enough to play drums, much to his chagrin). A small quantity of singles was pressed. When the boys eagerly unpacked the first box of singles, on the Candix Records label, they were surprised and angered to see their band name had been changed to "Beach Boys". Murry Wilson, now intimately involved with the band's fortunes, called the Morgans. Apparently a young promotion worker, Russ Regan, had decided on the change to more obviously tie the group in with other surf bands of the time (his original name for the band was The Surfers). The limited budget meant the labels could not be reprinted.[14] is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Released mid-November, 1961, "Surfin'" was soon aired on KFWB and KDAY, two of Los Angeles' most influential radio stations. It was a hit on the west coast, and peaked at #75 on the national pop charts. Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The influence of Murry Wilson

As an eight-year-old, Brian Wilson says his "young life was already being shaped and influenced by music... None affected me more than the music I heard when my father played the family piano... I watched how his fingers made chords and memorized the positions".[15]


Murry had limited success as a songwriter, peaking with "Two Step Side Step" when it was recorded for a Bachelors album in 1952. Despite his musical ability and any wish to educate Brian in particular, Murry "was a tyrant", quick to offer discouraging criticism and who "abused [his sons] psychologically and physically, creating wounds that never healed."[16] Carl found comfort in food and Dennis rebelled against the world to express his anger.[17] Brian would immerse himself in music to cope, but though he longed to learn piano as a child, he was too frightened to ask and even too scared to press the keys when his father was at work.[18]


Eventually Brian surprised his parents by showing he had learned how to play the piano by watching his father. Thereafter, "playing the piano... literally saved my ass. I recall playing one time while my dad flung Dennis against the wall... That was just one of many incidents when I didn't miss a note, supplying background music to the hell that often substituted for a family life..."[19]


At first, Murry steered The Beach Boys' career, engineering their signing with Capitol Records in 1962. In 1964, Brian ousted his father after a violent confrontation in the studio. Over the next few years, they became increasingly estranged; when Murry died of a heart attack in 1973, Brian and Dennis did not attend the funeral. Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood, California. ...

German 1962 single release of Surfin' Safari.
German 1962 single release of Surfin' Safari.

Image File history File links Beachboys-ariola. ... Image File history File links Beachboys-ariola. ...

Early career

Murry Wilson told the boys he did not like "Surfin'". However, "he smelled money to be made and jumped on the promotional bandwagon, calling every radio station..."[20] He got the group's first paying gig on New Year's Eve, 1961, at the Ritchie Valens Memorial Dance in Long Beach, headlined by Ike and Tina Turner. Brian recalls how he wondered what they were doing there; "five clean-cut, unworldly white boys from a conservative white suburb, in an auditorium full of black kids". Brian describes the night as an "education" - he knew afterwards that success was all about "R&B, rock and roll, and money." The boys went home with $50 apiece.[21] Ritchie Valens (born Ricardo Steven Valenzuela, May 13, 1941 – February 3, 1959) was a pioneer of rock and roll and a forefather to the Latin Rock movement. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ... Tina Turner on the cover of her 1991 album Simply the Best Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock on November 26, 1939) is an African American R&B, pop, rock and soul singer, Buddhist and occasional actress probably best known for her scorching performances with the Ike and Tina Turner...


In February of 1962, Al Jardine left the band to continue his college studies. David Marks, a fifteen-year-old neighbor and friend of Carl's, replaced him (Jardine, at Brian's request, rejoined the group in July of 1963).[22]


Though Murry effectively seized managerial control of the band without consultation, Brian acknowledges that he "deserves credit for getting us off the ground... he hounded us mercilessly... [but] also worked hard himself". He was the first to stress the importance of having a follow-up hit.[23] They duly recorded four more originals, on June 13 at Western Studios , Los Angeles, including "Surfer Girl", "409" and "Surfin' Safari". The session ended on a bitter note, however: Murry Wilson unsuccessfully suggested and then demanded that The Beach Boys record some of his own songs because, "My songs are better than yours."[24]


On July 16, on the strength of the June demo session, The Beach Boys were signed to Capitol Records. By November, their first album was ready - "Surfin' Safari". Their song output continued along the same commercial line, focusing on California youth lifestyle. The early Beach Boys’ hits helped raise both the profile of the state of California and of surfing. The group also celebrated the Golden State’s obsession with hot-rod racing ("Shut Down," "409," "Little Deuce Coupe") and the pursuit of happiness by carefree teens in less complicated times ("Be True to Your School," "Fun, Fun, Fun," "I Get Around"). From 1962-65, they had sixteen hit singles in a very competitive Top Forty.[25] Although their music was bright and accessible, these early works belied a sophistication that would emerge more forcefully in the coming years. During this period, Brian Wilson rapidly progressed to become a melodist, arranger and producer of world-renowned stature. Their early hits made them major pop stars in the United States and other countries, although their status as America's top pop group was usurped in 1964 by the emergence of The Beatles, who became The Beach Boys' major creative rival. Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood, California. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the speed competition. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ...


Apart from the Wilsons' father and the close vocal harmonies of Brian's favorite groups, early inspiration came from the driving rock and roll sound of Chuck Berry and Phil Spector's Wall of Sound. Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born 18 October 1926, St. ... Harvey Philip Spector (born December 26, 1939) is an American musician, songwriter and record producer. ... This article refers to the music production effect, the Wall of Sound. For other meanings of the term, please see Wall of Sound (disambiguation) Wall of Sound is the effect created by the music production techniques of record producer Phil Spector. ...


Some of Brian's songs were modeled after other songs; most famously "Surfer Girl" shares its rhythmic melody with "When You Wish Upon a Star". In his autobiography, Brian states that the melody of "God Only Knows" was inspired by a John Sebastian record. Surfer Girl is the title of a song written and sung by Brian Wilson for The Beach Boys. ... When You Wish upon a Star is a popular song written by Ned Washington and Leigh Harline and introduced in the 1940 Walt Disney movie Pinocchio, where it is sung by Cliff Edwards in the character of Jiminy Cricket, over the opening credits and again in the final scene of... God Only Knows is the eighth track on the Pet Sounds album and one of the most widely recognized songs performed by American pop band The Beach Boys. ... John Sebastian (born March 17, 1944) is an American songwriter and harmonica player. ...


Brian's innovations and personal difficulties

The stress of road travel, composing, producing and maintaining a high level of creativity was too much for Brian Wilson to bear. On December 23, 1964, while on a flight to Houston, Brian suffered from an anxiety attack and left the tour. Shortly afterward, he announced his withdrawal from touring to concentrate entirely on songwriting and record production. Glen Campbell served as Wilson's replacement in concert, until his own career success required him to leave the group. Bruce Johnston was asked to locate a replacement for Campbell; having failed to find one, Johnston subsequently became a full-time member of the band, first replacing Wilson on the road and later contributing his own talents in the studio. This article is about state anxiety. ... For the town in Clearfield County, Pennsylvania, see Glen Campbell, Pennsylvania. ... Bruce Arthur Johnston (born Benjamin Baldwin and then adopted, on June 27, 1942 in Peoria, Illinois) is a member of The Beach Boys and a Grammy Award-winning songwriter for composing I Write the Songs. ...


Jan & Dean, close friends with the band and opening act for them in concert in 1963 and 1964, encouraged Brian to use session musicians in the studio. This, along with Brian's withdrawal from touring, permitted him to expand his role as a producer. Wilson also wrote Surf City for his opening act. The Jan & Dean recording hit #1 on the U.S. charts in the summer of 1963, a development that pleased Brian but angered father/manager Murry, who felt his son had "given away" what should have been the Beach Boys' first chart-topper. A year later, the Beach Boys would notch their first #1 single with "I Get Around." Jan & Dean were a rock and roll duo, popular from the late 1950s through the mid 1960s, consisting of William Jan Berry (3 April 1941 – 26 March 2004) and Dean Ormsby Torrence (born 10 March 1940). ...


By 1964, traces of Brian Wilson's increasing studio productivity and ideas were noticeable: "Drive-In," an album track from All Summer Long features bars of silence between two verses while "Denny's Drums," the last track on Shut Down, Vol. II, is a two-minute drum solo. As Wilson's musical efforts became more ambitious, the group relied more on nimble session players, on tracks such as "I Get Around" and "When I Grow Up (To Be a Man)." "Help Me, Rhonda" became the band's second #1 single in the spring of 1965. All Summer Long was released in 1964 and was the sixth album officially released by The Beach Boys. ... Shut Down Volume 2 is the fifth album by The Beach Boys, and the first of a remarkable four longplayers they would release in 1964. ...


1965 led to greater experimentation behind the soundboard with Wilson. The album Today! featured less focus on guitars, more emphasis on keyboards and percussion, as well as volume experiments and increased lyrical maturity. Side A of the album was devoted to sunny pop tunes, with darker ballads on the reverse side. The Boys followed up their #3 smash "California Girls" in November 1965 with another top 20 single, "The Little Girl I Once Knew." It is considered to be the band's most experimental statement prior to Pet Sounds, using silence as a pre-chorus, clashing keyboards, moody brass, and vocal tics. Perhaps too extreme an arrangement to go much higher than its modest #20 peak, it was only the band's second single not to reach the top 10 since their 1963 breakthrough. Later that year they would score a number 2 hit with the single "Barbara Ann", released in December. "Barbara Ann" peaked #3 in the UK charts and became very popular both in the UK and in the U.S. It is one of their most recognized hits and has become legendary over the years. The Beach Boys Today! is the ninth studio album by The Beach Boys, and their first of three in 1965. ... The classical guitar typically has nylon strings. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... Percussion redirects here. ... A ballad is a story in song, usually a narrative song or poem. ... Pet Sounds is a 1966 album recorded by American pop group the Beach Boys. ...


Pet Sounds

Main article: Pet Sounds
Pet Sounds (1966) marked a higher level of sophistication in the band's recording techniques.
Pet Sounds (1966) marked a higher level of sophistication in the band's recording techniques.

Wilson's growing mastery of the recording studio and his increasingly sophisticated songs and complex arrangements would reach a creative peak with the acclaimed LP Pet Sounds (1966). The tracks "Wouldn't It Be Nice" and "God Only Knows", showcased Wilson's growing mastery as a composer, arranger and producer.[citation needed] "God Only Knows" is said to have been the first pop single ever released in the U.S. to include the word "God".[citation needed] It only reached #39 on the national singles chart. "Caroline, No," also taken from Pet Sounds, was issued as a Brian Wilson solo single, the only time Brian was credited as a solo artist during the early Capitol years. Nowadays Pet Sounds is regarded as one of the best albums of all time, rated as #1 on many music magazines lists of greatest albums of all time, including New Musical Express, Mojo and The Times' lists. Pet Sounds is a 1966 album recorded by American pop group the Beach Boys. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Pet Sounds is a 1966 album recorded by American pop group the Beach Boys. ... ==Individual Studio== A recording studio is a facility for sound recording. ... Pet Sounds is a 1966 album recorded by American pop group the Beach Boys. ... Wouldnt It Be Nice is the opening song on the classic 1966 album Pet Sounds and one of the most widely recognized songs by the American pop group The Beach Boys. ... God Only Knows is the eighth track on the Pet Sounds album and one of the most widely recognized songs performed by American pop band The Beach Boys. ... Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble) or of adapting for orchestra music composed for another medium. ... Pet Sounds is a 1966 album recorded by American pop group the Beach Boys. ... The New Musical Express (better known as the NME) is a weekly magazine about popular music published in the UK. It is unlike many other popular music magazines due to its intended focus on guitar-based music and indie rock bands, instead of mainstream pop acts. ... Mojo is a popular music magazine published monthly in the United Kingdom. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ...


The album's meticulously layered harmonies and inventive instrumentation (performed by the cream of Los Angeles session musicians known as The Wrecking Crew) set a new standard for popular music. It remains one of the more evocative releases of the decade, with a distinctive strain of melancholy and nostalgia for youth. The album is still widely regarded as a classic of the rock era. Among other accolades, Paul McCartney has named it one of his favorite albums of all time (with "God Only Knows" as his favorite song). McCartney has frequently said that it was a major influence on the Beatles' album, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, similar to Brian Wilson stating he was inspired to make Pet Sounds upon listening to The Beatles' Rubber Soul. Despite the critical praise it received, the album was indifferently promoted by Capitol Records and failed to become the major hit Brian had hoped it would be (only reaching #10). Its failure to gain wider recognition hurt him deeply.[citation needed] Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sideman. ... The Wrecking Crew was a nickname given to a group of session musicians in Los Angeles, California, who earned wide acclaim in the 1960s. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer, and animal-rights activist. ... For other uses, see Sgt. ... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1965 U.S. LP, with a different colour saturation (see below) Back cover Back cover of the original 1965 UK LP Rubber Soul is the sixth album by The Beatles, first released in December 1965. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood, California. ...


Because of his withdrawal from touring, Wilson was able to complete almost all the backing tracks for the album while the Beach Boys were on tour in Japan. They returned to find a substantially complete album, requiring only their vocals to finish it off. There was some resistance from within the band to this new direction. Lead singer Mike Love is reported to have been strongly opposed to it, calling it "Brian's ego music," and warning the composer not to "fuck with the formula."[26] Other group members also fretted that the band would lose its core audience if they changed their successful musical blueprint. At Love's insistence, Brian changed the title of one song from "Hang On to Your Ego" to "I Know There's an Answer." Another likely factor in Love's antipathy to Pet Sounds was that Wilson worked extensively on it with outside lyricist Tony Asher rather than with Love, even though Love had co-written the lyrics for many of their earlier songs and was the lead vocalist on most of their early hits. Tony Asher was a lyricist who co-wrote much of the Beach Boys album Pet Sounds in cunjunction with frontman Brian Wilson in 1966. ...


Seeking to expand on the advances made on Pet Sounds, Wilson began an even more ambitious project, originally dubbed Dumb Angel. Its first fruit was "Good Vibrations," which Brian described as "a pocket symphony". The song became the Beach Boys' biggest hit to date and a U.S. and U.K. No. 1 single in 1966 — many critics consider it to be one of the best rock singles of all time. In 1997, it was named the "Greatest Single of All Time" by Mojo music magazine. In 2000, VH1 placed it at number 8 on their "100 Greatest Rock Songs" list, and in late 2004, Rolling Stone magazine placed it at number 6 on their "500 Best Songs of All Time" list. It was also one of the more complex pop productions ever undertaken, and was reputed to have been the most expensive American single ever recorded at that time. Costing a reported $16,000, more than most pop albums, sessions for the song stretched over several months in at least three major studios. Good Vibrations is a pop single produced by Brian Wilson of The Beach Boys. ... VH1 (VH-1: Video Hits One until 1994 and VH1: Music First until 2003) is an American digital television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV. VH1 and sister channel MTV are currently... This article is about the magazine. ...


In contrast to his work on Pet Sounds, Wilson adopted a modular approach to "Good Vibrations" — he broke the song into sections and taped multiple versions of each at different studios to take advantage of the different sound and ambience of each facility. He then assembled his favorite sections into a master backing track and added vocals. The song's innovative instrumentation included drums, organ, piano, tack piano, two basses, guitars, electro-theremin, harmonica, and cello. The group members recall the "Good Vibrations" vocal sessions as among the most demanding of their career.[citation needed] The tack piano is an altered version of an ordinary piano, in which tacks or nails are placed on the hammers of the instrument, giving it a tinny, more percussive sound. ... The Electro-Theremin aka Tannerin is a unique electronic musical instrument developed by trombonist Paul Tanner and amateur inventor Bob Whitsell in the late 1950s. ... A harmonica is a free reed wind instrument. ... This article is about the stringed musical instrument. ...


Even as his personal life deteriorated, Wilson's musical output remained remarkable. The exact nature of his mental problems was a topic of much speculation. He abused drugs heavily, gained an enormous amount of weight, suffered long bouts of depression, and became paranoid. Several biographies have suggested that his father may have had bipolar disorder and after years of suffering, Wilson's own condition was eventually diagnosed as schizophrenia.[citation needed] On the Threshold of Eternity. ... For other senses of this word, see paranoia (disambiguation). ... Bipolar is a term used to define things with two (usually opposing) poles. ...


Smile

The original cover of Smile. More than 400,000 Smile covers were produced; they were kept in a warehouse in Pennsylvania before being destroyed in the late '80s. Today, there are reportedly fewer than a dozen original Smile covers in existence.
The original cover of Smile. More than 400,000 Smile covers were produced; they were kept in a warehouse in Pennsylvania before being destroyed in the late '80s. Today, there are reportedly fewer than a dozen original Smile covers in existence.[27]

While putting the finishing touches on Pet Sounds, and just beginning work on "Good Vibrations," Brian met fellow musician and songwriter Van Dyke Parks. In late 1966, Brian and Parks began an intense collaboration that resulted in a suite of challenging new songs for the Beach Boys' next album, which was eventually named Smile.[28] Using the same techniques as on "Good Vibrations," recording began in August 1966 and carried on into early 1967. Although the structure of the album and the exact running order of the songs have been the subjects of endless speculation, it is known that Wilson and Parks intended Smile to be a continuous suite of songs that were linked both thematically and musically, with the main songs being linked together by small vocal pieces and instrumental segments that elaborated upon the musical themes of the major songs. Smile (sometimes spelled with the idiosyncratic partial capitalization SMiLE) is an album by the Beach Boys, and perhaps the most famous unreleased rock and roll album of all time. ... This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... Smile (sometimes spelled with the idiosyncratic partial capitalization SMiLE) is an album by the Beach Boys, and perhaps the most famous unreleased rock and roll album of all time. ... Van Dyke Parks (born January 3, 1943) is an American composer, arranger, producer, musician, singer, and actor. ...


But some of the other Beach Boys, especially Love, found the new music too difficult and too far removed from their established style. Another serious concern was that the new music was simply not feasible for live performance by the current Beach Boys lineup. Love was bitterly opposed to Smile and was particularly critical of Parks' lyrics; he has also since stated that he was deeply concerned about Wilson's escalating drug intake. The problems came to a head during the recording of "Cabin Essence," when Love demanded that Parks explain the meaning of the closing refrain of the song, "Over and over the crow cries uncover the cornfield." After a heated argument, Parks walked out of the session, and shortly thereafter his creative partnership with Wilson came to an equally abrupt end. This article is about the song. ...


Many factors combined to put intense pressure on Brian Wilson as Smile neared completion: Wilson's own mental instability, the pressure to create against fierce internal opposition to his new music, the relatively unenthusiastic response to Pet Sounds, Carl Wilson's draft resistance, and a major dispute with Capitol Records. Matters were complicated by Wilson's reliance on both prescription and illegal drugs, amphetamines in particular, which only exacerbated his underlying mental health problems. Conscription is a general term for forced labor demanded by some established authority, e. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... Recreational drug use is the use of psychoactive drugs for recreational purposes rather than for work, medical or spiritual purposes, although the distinction is not always clear. ... Amphetamine or Amfetamine(Alpha-Methyl-PHenEThylAMINE), also known as beta-phenyl-isopropylamine and benzedrine, is a prescription stimulant commonly used to treat Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults and children. ... Mental health is a term used to describe either a level of cognitive or emotional wellbeing or an absence of a mental disorder. ...


Also at this time The Beach Boys management (Nick Grillo and David Anderle) started work on developing and implementing the band's own record label, Brother. The intent of the label was for side projects and an invitation for new talent. The Beach Boys became one of the first rock bands to create their own label (shortly afterwards, The Beatles followed with Apple). The output of the label, however, was limited to one album and two singles and with the subsequent failure of the second Smiley Smile single "Getting Hungry", the band decided to shelve the Brother label until 1970. Smiley Smile is an infamous album by The Beach Boys, issued in 1967. ...


In May 1967, Smile was shelved, and over the next thirty years, the legends surrounding Smile grew until it became the most famous unreleased album in the history of popular music.


However some of the tracks were salvaged and re-recorded at Brian's new home studio, albeit in drastically scaled-down versions. These were released, along with the completed versions of "Good Vibrations" and "Heroes and Villains", on the 1967 LP Smiley Smile, which would prove to be a critical and commercial disaster for the group. This article is about the Beach Boys song. ... Smiley Smile is an infamous album by The Beach Boys, issued in 1967. ...


Despite the cancellation of Smile, interest in the work remained high and versions of several major tracks — including "Our Prayer", "Cabin Essence", "Cool, Cool Water", and "Surf's Up" — continued to trickle out. Many were assembled by Carl Wilson over the next few years and included on later albums. The band was still expecting to complete and release Smile as late as 1972, before it became clear that Brian had been the only one who could have made sense out of the endless fragments that were recorded. A substantial number of original tracks and linking fragments were included on the group's 30th anniversary CD boxed set in 1993. The full Smile project did not surface until Wilson and Parks completed the writing, aided by Darian Sanahaja who helped in sequencing, and Brian re-recorded it as Brian Wilson Presents "Smile" in 2004. Our Prayer is a song written by Brian Wilson for the American pop band The Beach Boys. ... Cool, Cool Water is a song written by Brian Wilson and Mike Love for the American pop band The Beach Boys. ... Smile is a solo album by Brian Wilson, with lyrics by Van Dyke Parks. ...


Mid-career changes

After their popularity with the song "Good Vibrations" came a period of declining commercial success. Smiley Smile and subsequent albums performed poorly on the U.S. charts (although they fared better in the UK). Their image problems took a further hit following their withdrawal from the bill of the 1967 Monterey International Pop Festival. Good Vibrations is a pop single produced by Brian Wilson of The Beach Boys. ... Smiley Smile is an infamous album by The Beach Boys, issued in 1967. ... Poster promoting the festival The Monterey International Pop Music Festival took place from June 16 to June 18, 1967. ...


The 1967 album Wild Honey, regarded by some as another classic, features songs written by Wilson and Love, including the hit "Darlin'", and a rendition of Stevie Wonder's "I Was Made to Love Her". Friends (1968) is a largely acoustic album, influenced by the group's adoption of the practice of Transcendental Meditation. The title single was their least successful single since 1962. This was followed by the single "Do It Again," a return to their earlier "fun in the sun" style, which was moderately successful in the US, but went to #1 in the UK. The album Wild Honey was released in 1967 and was the fourteenth album officially released by The Beach Boys. ... Darlin is a song written by Brian Wilson and Mike Love for the American pop band The Beach Boys. ... Stevie Wonder (born Steveland Hardaway Judkins on May 13, 1950, name later changed to Steveland Hardaway Morris)[1] is an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer. ... I Was Made To Love Her is an album by Stevie Wonder, released in 1967 under Motown Records. ... Friends was the only studio album released by The Beach Boys in 1968. ... // Transcendental Meditation, or TM, is the trademarked name of a meditation technique introduced in 1958 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1917?-2008). ... Do It Again was a single which was released by The Beach Boys in 1968 on Capitol Records. ...


As Brian's mental and physical health deteriorated in the late 1960s and early 1970s, his song output diminished and he became increasingly withdrawn from the group. To fill the void, the other members of the group began writing songs. Carl Wilson gradually took over leadership of the band, developing into an accomplished producer. To complete their contract with Capitol Records before signing with Reprise Records, they produced one more album, 20/20 (1969), primarily a collection of leftovers (including remnants from "Smile"), old songs by outside writers, and several new songs by Dennis Wilson. One of those songs, "Never Learn Not to Love", featured uncredited lyrics by Charles Manson[29] and was originally titled "Cease to Exist". Besides "Do It Again", the album included their cover of the Ronettes' "I Can Hear Music", their last new top 40 hit for seven years. Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood, California. ... Reprise Records is an American record label, owned by Warner Music Group, operated through Warner Bros. ... 20/20 is the sole 1969 album release by The Beach Boys, and their last studio album to be released with Capitol Records for the next seventeen years. ... Never Learn Not to Love is a song recorded by The Beach Boys. ... Charles Milles Manson (b. ... I Can Hear Music is a song written by Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich and Phil Spector. ...


In 1970, The Beach Boys reactivated their Brother Records label and signed with Reprise records. With the new contract, the band appeared rejuvenated releasing the album Sunflower to critical acclaim. The album was and still is recognized as a complete group effort with all band members contributing significant material such as "Add Some Music to Your Day", Brian's "This Whole World", Dennis' "Forever" and Bruce Johnston's "Tears in The Morning". The album, like Pet Sounds, was ignored by the public. The band experienced their worst chart performance, never even making the top 100. Sunflower is The Beach Boys twenty-first official album release and their first under their contract with Reprise Records. ...


After Sunflower, the band hired Jack Rieley as their manager. Rieley chose a different direction for the group, emphasizing (among other things) political and social awareness. The result being 1971's Surf's Up, featuring Brian's Smile centerpiece "Surf's Up". The song itself was virtually the same arrangement of Brian performing in the studio in 1966 with Carl adding vocals and the "Child is Father Of The Man" tag. Carl's "Long Promised Road" and "Feel Flows" are standouts. Brian contributed one of his best songs, "Til I Die", which almost did not make the album sequencing. Bruce Johnston produced the classic "Disney Girls" a throwback to easier, simpler times they remembered. (Johnston ended his first stint with the band shortly after the record's release, reportedly because of friction between he and Jack Rieley.) The album was moderately successful, reaching the US top 30. While the record made its run on the charts, The Beach Boys added to their refound fame by performing at a near-sellout Carnegie Hall and following that with an appearance with the Grateful Dead at the Fillmore East on April 27, 1971. Surfs Up is the twenty-second official album by The Beach Boys and was released in 1971. ... This article is about the band. ...


The arrival of Ricky Fataar and Blondie Chaplin in February 1972 led to a dramatic departure in sound for the band. Carl and the Passions-"So Tough" was an uncharacteristic mix that included several songs drawn from Fataar and Chaplin's previous group, Flame; these are nearly unrecognizable as Beach Boys songs. Although it has its supporters, the album is widely considered to be one of their most muddled and inconsistent. The trademark Beach Boy harmonies were just about absent sans the TM influenced song "All This Is That" and Dennis' wistfull "Cuddle Up". The record-buying public were also confused as to why the album was offered as a double LP in tandem with a reissue of Pet Sounds. Ricky Fataar (born 5 September 1952 in Durban, South Africa) is a South African musician who is primarily a drummer. ... Terence William Blondie Chaplin (b. ... The album Carl And The Passions - So Tough was released in 1972 and was the nineteenth album officially released by The Beach Boys. ...


The Beach Boys developed an ambitious (and expensive) plan in developing their next project, Holland. The band, their families, assorted associates and technicians moved to Netherlands for the summer of 1972. Assembling, disassembling and assembling again custom made recording and mixing equipment, eventually renting a farmhouse to convert as a makeshift studio. Material was produced and by the end of their adventure the band felt as if they have come up with one of their best efforts yet. Reprise, however, felt that the album was weak, and after some wrangling between the camps the band went back to Brian to come up with commercial material. This resulted with the song "Sail On Sailor", a brief return to the collaboration between Brian Wilson and Van Dyke Parks, becoming one of the more emblematic of Beach Boys songs. Reprise approved and the album was released early 1973 peaking at #37 on the Billboard album chart. Holland was also popular on FM radio, which embraced tracks like Mike Love and Al Jardine's "California Saga". Included as a "bonus" EP was Brian's storytale "Mt. Vernon and Fairway" which was directly influenced by Randy Newman's Sail Away LP. Holland proved that the band could produce contemporary songs with wide (if not mass) appeal. Holland is the sole 1973 studio release by The Beach Boys. ...


Regardless of the indifference received from the record label, the band's concert audience started to grow. The Beach Boys In Concert (1973) a double album documenting the 1972 and 1973 tours with mixing old and new songs with emphasis on their contemporary material from their previous three albums such as "The Trader", "Leaving This Town" , "Marcella" and "Funky Pretty". Ironically it became the first Reprise gold record for the band.


Endless Summer

In the summer of 1974, Capitol, in consultation with Love, released a double album compilation of the Beach Boys' pre-Pet Sounds hits. Endless Summer, helped by a sunny, colorful graphic cover, caught the mood of the country and surged to #1 on the Billboard album chart. It was the group's first gold record since "Good Vibrations", and remained on the album chart for three years.[30] The following year another compilation, Spirit of America, also sold well. These compilations revived interest in the classic Beach Boys sound. Endless Summer is a pop compilation album by surf rock band The Beach Boys, released on June 24, 1974 (see 1974 in music). ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... Spirit of America (1975) is the follow-up to the Capitol Records compilation of music by The Beach Boys, Endless Summer, released the previous year. ...


In 1975, the Beach Boys staged a highly successful joint concert tour with Chicago, with each group performing some of the other's songs, including their previous year's collaboration on Chicago's hit "Wishing You Were Here". Beach Boy vocals were also heard on Elton John's 1974 hit "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me." This article is about the American pop-rock-jazz band. ... Sir Elton Hercules[1] John CBE[2] (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947) is a five-time Grammy and one-time Academy Award-winning English pop/rock singer, composer and pianist. ... Dont Let The Sun Go Down On Me is the first single from British musician Elton Johns 1974 album Caribou; it was released that year during the latter half of May in Great Britain, and on June 10 in the United States. ...


With the release of "Endless Summer", the Beach Boys suddenly became relevant to the American music landscape. Rolling Stone awarded the band the distinction of 1974's "Band of The Year" , solely based on the their juggernaut touring schedule and material Brian Wilson produced over a decade before. Nostalgia had settled into the Beach Boys hype; the group did not produce any albums of new material from 1973 to 1976. While their concerts continuously sold out, the stage act changed from a contemporary presentation with oldies encores to their old material becoming the bulk (if not the entire) part of the act. Performances of Smiley Smile to Holland material would eventually be phased out, replaced specifically by their hits from 1961 to 1966. Endless Summer is a pop compilation album by surf rock band The Beach Boys, released on June 24, 1974 (see 1974 in music). ...


Due to the band's redirection, Blondie Chaplin and Ricky Fataar left the band in late 1973 and early 1974 respectively. Manager Jack Reiley, who still remained in the Netherlands after Holland's release, was relieved of his managerial duties late 1973 and the position eventually filled by James William Guercio.


Brian's return

15 Big Ones marked the return of Brian Wilson as a major force in the group in that it was the first album produced by him since Pet Sounds. This album included several new songs composed by Brian, and several of his arrangements of favorite old songs by other artists, including "Rock and Roll Music" (which made #5), "Blueberry Hill", and "In the Still of the Night". Brian and Mike's "It's OK" was yet another return to their earlier "summertime fun" style, and was a moderate hit. The album was publicized by an NBC-TV special, telecast on August 4 of 1976, simply titled "The Beach Boys", which was produced by Saturday Night Live creator Lorne Michaels and featured appearances by SNL cast members John Belushi and Dan Aykroyd. 15 Big Ones is the infamous Brian is Back comeback album by The Beach Boys, released in 1976. ... This article is about the song. ... Blueberry Hill is: Blueberry Hill, a restaurant/bar in the St. ... In The Still of The Nite is a song written by Fred Parris and recorded by his Five Satins. ... SNL redirects here. ...


For the remainder of 1976 to early 1977 Brian Wilson spent his time making sporadic public appearances and producing the next LP Love You, a collection of 14 songs mostly written by Brian alone, including more "fun" songs ("Honkin' Down the Highway"), a mature love song ("Let's Put Our Hearts Together")—a quirky mix ranging from infectious to touching to downright silly. The songs were delivered to the Beach Boys only as demo versions, mostly with only Brian's vocals and Moog backing tracks. The Beach Boys were expected to finish them. Although not a commercial success, the album is one of the more popular offerings in the Beach Boys' later oeuvre. Many sources cited the album as a return to the group's roots. Love You is the 1977 follow-up to The Beach Boys comeback album 15 Big Ones. ... Honkin Down The Highway is a song written by Brian Wilson for the American pop band The Beach Boys. ... Lets Put Our Hearts Together is a song written by Brian Wilson for the American pop band The Beach Boys. ...


After Love You, Brian's contributions began to decline over the next several albums until he again virtually withdrew from the group. His appearances with the band in concert diminished. His performances became erratic, his recordings uninspired. Despite the much-publicized "Brian's Back" campaign in the late '70s, most critics believed the group was past its prime. Many expected that Brian Wilson would eventually become the latest in a long line of celebrity drug casualties.


Deaths of Dennis and Carl Wilson

The Beach Boys with President Ronald and First Lady Nancy Reagan, 1983
The Beach Boys with President Ronald and First Lady Nancy Reagan, 1983

In the late 1970s, Dennis Wilson also suffered increasingly from drug and alcohol abuse. Some of the group's concert appearances were marred when he and other band members showed up on stage drunk or stoned. The band was forced to publicly apologize after a poor performance in Perth, Australia in 1978, during which several members of the group appeared to be drunk. In spite of his own frequent drinking, Dennis Wilson managed to release his first solo work, Pacific Ocean Blue, and to launch the work-in-progress Bambu, with friend and musician Carli Muñoz. Reagan redirects here. ... Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins on July 6, 1921) is the widow of the former United States President Ronald Reagan and was First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. ... Pacific Ocean Blue is Dennis Wilsons only solo album, released in 1977. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1980, the Beach Boys played a Fourth of July concert on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. before a large crowd. This gig was repeated in the next two years, but in 1983 Secretary of the Interior James Watt banned the group from playing on the Mall, saying that rock concerts drew "an undesirable element."[31] This drew howls of outrage from the many of the Beach Boys' American fans, who stated that the Beach Boys sound was a very desirable part of the American cultural fabric. First Lady Nancy Reagan apologized, and in 1984 the group appeared on the Mall again. Love and Johnston most recently appeared on the Mall in 2005 for the Fourth of July concert. These fireworks over the Washington Monument are typical of Fourth of July celebrations In the United States, Independence Day, also called the Fourth of July, is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. ... Facing east across the Mall with ones back towards the Lincoln Memorial. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior, concerned with such matters as national parks and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... James Gaius Watt (born January 31, 1938 in Lusk, Wyoming) served as U.S. Secretary of the Interior under President Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1983. ... First Lady Laura Bush and former first ladies (from left to right) Rosalynn Carter, Sen. ... Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins on July 6, 1921) is the widow of the former United States President Ronald Reagan and was First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. ... These fireworks over the Washington Monument are typical of Fourth of July celebrations In the United States, Independence Day, also called the Fourth of July, is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence in 1776. ...


Meanwhile, Dennis Wilson's personal problems continued to escalate, and on December 28, 1983 he accidentally drowned while diving from a friend's boat, trying to recover items he had previously thrown overboard in fits of rage.


Despite Dennis's death, the Beach Boys soldiered on as a successful touring act: on July 4, 1985, The Beach Boys played to an afternoon crowd of one million in Philadelphia and the same evening they performed for over 750,000 people on the Mall in Washington (the day's historic achievement was recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records). They also appeared nine days later at the Live Aid concert. That year they released a new album The Beach Boys which was to be their last album featuring input from Brian Wilson before his excommunication from the band. They enjoyed a resurgence of interest later in the 1980s, assisted by tributes such as David Lee Roth's hit version of "California Girls." In 1987, they played with the rap group The Fat Boys, performing the song "Wipe Out" and filming a video for it. Ethiopia, as its borders were in 1985. ... The Beach Boys is an album by The Beach Boys, released in 1985. ... David Lee Roth (sometimes referred to as Diamond Dave) (born 10 October 1954, Bloomington, Indiana) is an American rock vocalist, songwriter, actor, author, and former radio personality, best known for his work with the band Van Halen. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... The Fat Boys were an American hip-hop music trio from Brooklyn, New York City who emerged in the early 1980s. ... Wipe Out is a song written by Bob Berryhill, Pat Connolly, Jim Fuller and Ron Wilson. ...


In 1988, they unexpectedly scored their first #1 hit in 22 years with the song "Kokomo", which was featured on the soundtrack of the hit Tom Cruise movie Cocktail. It became their biggest-selling hit ever. In 1996 they guested with Status Quo on a re-recording of "Fun, Fun, Fun," which was a British Top 30 hit. Kokomo was a song penned by Mike Love, Scott McKenzie, Terry Melcher, and John Phillips and recorded by The Beach Boys in 1988. ... Tom Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV on July 3, 1962) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and film producer. ... Cocktail movie poster Cocktail was a hit movie released by Touchstone Pictures in 1988. ... This article is about the English rock band. ... Fun, Fun, Fun was a hit song released in 1964 by the The Beach Boys. ...


Members of the band appeared on sitcoms such as Full House and Home Improvement in the late 1980s and 1990s, as well as touring regularly. In 1995, Brian Wilson appeared in the critically acclaimed documentary I Just Wasn't Made for These Times, which saw him performing for the first time with his now-adult daughters, Wendy and Carnie of the group Wilson Phillips. The documentary also included glowing tributes to his talents from a host of major music stars of the '60s, '70s and '80s. A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... Full House was a popular American television family sitcom that originally ran from September 22, 1987 to May 23, 1995 on ABC. // Full House is set in San Francisco, California, where Danny Tanner is left to raise his three young daughters D.J., Stephanie and Michelle following the death of... For other uses, see Home Improvement (disambiguation). ... I Just Wasnt Made for These Times is the second released album by former Beach Boys mastermind, Brian Wilson. ... Wendy Wilson (born October 16, 1969 in Los Angeles, California) is a singer and member of the pop singing trio Wilson Phillips. ... Carnie Wilson (born April 29, 1968 in Bel Air, California, U.S.) is an American singer and television host, best known as a member of the early-90s singing group Wilson Phillips. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


On February 6, 1998, Carl Wilson died after a long battle with lung cancer. Although Love and Johnston continued to tour as The Beach Boys, Jardine did not participate and no other original members accompanied them. Their tours remained reliable draws, even as they came to be viewed as a nostalgia act. Meanwhile, Brian Wilson and Al Jardine (both still legally members of the Beach Boys organization) each pursued solo careers with their new bands. Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. ...


Court battles

Many legal difficulties developed from Wilson's psychological problems. In the early 1980s, the band hired controversial therapist Eugene Landy in an attempt to help him. Landy did achieve some significant improvements in Wilson's overall condition; from his own admissions about his massive drug intake, it was highly likely that Wilson would have died if Landy had not intervened. Landy successfully treated Wilson's drug dependence, and by 1988 Wilson had recovered sufficiently to record his first solo album, Brian Wilson. But Landy became increasingly possessive of his star patient. After accusations that Landy was using his control over Wilson for his own benefit, the band successfully entreated the courts to separate Landy from Wilson. Eugene Ellsworth Landy, Ph. ...


In addition to the challenges over the use of the band's name and over the best way to care for Wilson, there have been three significant legal cases involving the Beach Boys in recent years. The first was Wilson's suit to reclaim the rights to his songs and the group's publishing company, Sea of Tunes, which he had signed away to his father in 1969. He successfully argued that he had not been mentally fit to make an informed decision. While Wilson failed to regain his copyrights, he was awarded $25 million for unpaid royalties. A music publishing company, founded in 1962 by Murry Wilson, father to three of the Beach Boys (Brian, Dennis, and Carl Wilson), and uncle of another member (Mike Love), to publish and promote the original songs written by Brian and Mike. ...


The second lawsuit stemmed from Wilson's reclamation of his publishing rights. Soon after Wilson won his Sea of Tunes case in 1989, Mike Love sued him in 1992 to gain credit for his co-authorship of a number of important Beach Boys songs, including "California Girls", "Catch a Wave," "I Get Around," "When I Grow Up (To Be a Man)," "Be True to Your School," "Help Me, Rhonda," "I Know There's an Answer," and numerous others, winning $13 million in 1994 for lost royalties. In interviews, Mike revealed that on some songs he wrote most of the lyrics, on others only a line or two. California Girls is the title of a song written by Mike Love and Brian Wilson and recorded by The Beach Boys for their 1965 album Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!). It features contrasting verse-chorus form. ... Catch a Wave is a song written by Brian Wilson and Mike Love for the American pop band The Beach Boys. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... When I Grow Up (to be a man) is a song written by Brian Wilson and Mike Love for the American pop band The Beach Boys. ... Be True To Your School is the name of a song by The Beach Boys. ... Help Me, Rhonda is a song written by Brian Wilson and his cousin Mike Love. ... I Know Theres An Answer is a song by the American pop band The Beach Boys, taken from their classic 1966 album Pet Sounds. ...


In November 2005, Love filed yet another lawsuit against Wilson. Love alleges that the UK publication The Mail on Sunday and Wilson’s representatives gave the false impression to the readers of The Mail on Sunday that their joint promotional giveaway of nearly three million copies of the CD called Good Vibrations was authorized by Mike Love and The Beach Boys. This free CD, Love alleges, includes five of Love and Wilson’s co-authored hit Beach Boys songs, and was done to promote Wilson's solo CD, Smile. Love also says that Smile and Good Vibrations were marketed using The Beach Boys’ names and images without permission. He is seeking several million dollars in damages, and also a million dollars to cover costs of advertising to correct the perceived "damage to the band's reputation". The Daily Mail is a British newspaper, currently published in a tabloid format. ...


Love has stated: “Once again the people around Brian, my cousin and collaborator on many hits, who I love and care about, have used him for their own financial gain without regard to his rights, or my rights, or even the rights of the estates of his deceased brothers, Carl and Dennis, and their children... Unfortunately, history repeats itself. Because of Brian’s mental issues he has always been vulnerable to manipulation. I simply want to stop the infringers and stop the deception!”[32]


There has been speculation that Love's lawsuit is an attempt to pressure Wilson into agreeing to let him continue to use the profitable Beach Boys name for his and Johnston's touring efforts.[32]


Wilson’s website listed the following statement in response: “The lawsuit against Brian is meritless. While he will vigorously defend himself he is deeply saddened that his cousin Mike Love has sunk to these depths for his own financial gain.”


Pet Sounds 40th anniversary reunion

On June 13, 2006, the major surviving Beach Boys (Brian Wilson, Mike Love, Al Jardine, Bruce Johnston, and David Marks) all set aside their differences and reunited for a celebration of the 40th anniversary of the album Pet Sounds and the double-platinum certification of their greatest hits compilation, Sounds of Summer: The Very Best of the Beach Boys, in a ceremony atop the Capitol Records building in Hollywood. Plaques were awarded for their efforts to all major members, with Brian Wilson accepting for his late brothers Carl and Dennis. Wilson himself implied there was a chance that all the living members (not having performed together since September 1996) would reunite again.


Legacy

The group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1988,[33] with Mike Love delivering a speech that assailed Mick Jagger, Paul McCartney and the Beatles, Bruce Springsteen, Billy Joel and Diana Ross.[34] The band was chosen for the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 1998.[35] In 2001, the group received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Brian Wilson was inducted into the UK Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in November 2006.[36] In 2004, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked the Beach Boys #12 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.[37] The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... Sir Michael Phillip Mick Jagger (born July 26, 1943) is a English rock musician, actor, songwriter, record and film producer and businessman. ... Springsteen redirects here. ... William Joseph Martin Billy Joel (born May 9, 1949) is an American singer, pianist, songwriter, composer and musician. ... For the author-illustrator, see Diana Ross (author). ... The Vocal Group Hall of Fame was organized to honor what they term the Greatest Vocal Groups in the World. The Hall of Fame is headquartered in Sharon, Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by the Recording Academy to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording [1]. This award is distinct from the Grammy Hall of Fame Award, which honors specific recordings rather than individuals, and... This article is about the music magazine. ...


In 2007, the Beach Boys were inducted into the Hit Parade Hall of Fame. [35]


The group is frequently referred to when the topic of summertime songs comes up. About.com listed Sounds of Summer: The Very Best of The Beach Boys a 2003 compilation CD as the greatest summertime hits CD. [38] Screenshot of About. ...


The Wilsons' Hawthorne, CA house, where the Wilson brothers grew up and the group began, was demolished in the 1980s to make way for Interstate 105, (the Century Freeway). A Beach Boys Historic Landmark (California Landmark #1041 at 3701 West 119th Street), dedicated on May 20, 2005, marks the location. Interstate 105 (abbreviated I-105) is an interstate highway that runs east-west in southern Los Angeles County, California. ... Beach Boys Historic Landmark Dedicated on May 20th, 2005, The Beach Boys Historic Landmark commemorates the site of the childhood home of the Wilson Brothers and the birthplace of a unique musical and cultural icon, and a worldwide sensation. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Currently, Beach Boys Bruce Johnson and Mike Love tour the United States, Europe and many other countries under the name of the "Beach Boys Band." Other "honorary Beach Boys", such as John Stamos, also make guest appearances on their tours. [39]


Discography

The Beach Boys first burst onto the music scene in November, 1961 with their release of the single Surfin. The single was moderately successful, hitting #75 in the United States. ... Surfin Safari is the debut album by The Beach Boys, released in 1961. ... Surfin USA is the second album released by The Beach Boys and was released in 1963. ... Surfer Girl was the third album officially released by The Beach Boys and their second longplayer in 1963. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... All Summer Long was released in 1964 and was the sixth album officially released by The Beach Boys. ... The Beach Boys Christmas Album is a seasonal offering by The Beach Boys, released in the 1964 holiday period. ... The Beach Boys Today! is the ninth studio album by The Beach Boys, and their first of three in 1965. ... Summer Days (and Summer Nights!!) is the tenth album by The Beach Boys and their second overall in 1965. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Pet Sounds is a 1966 album recorded by American pop group the Beach Boys. ... Smiley Smile is an infamous album by The Beach Boys, issued in 1967. ... Wild Honey is an album released by The Beach Boys in 1967. ... Friends was the only studio album released by The Beach Boys in 1968. ... 20/20 is the sole 1969 album release by The Beach Boys, and their last studio album to be released with Capitol Records for the next seventeen years. ... Sunflower is The Beach Boys twenty-first official album release and their first under their contract with Reprise Records. ... Surfs Up is the twenty-second official album by The Beach Boys and was released in 1971. ... Carl And The Passions - So Tough is the twenty-third official album released by The Beach Boys, and was released in 1972. ... Holland is the sole 1973 studio release by The Beach Boys. ... 15 Big Ones is the infamous Brian is Back comeback album by The Beach Boys, released in 1976. ... Love You is the 1977 follow-up to The Beach Boys comeback album 15 Big Ones. ... M.I.U. Album is a 1978 release by The Beach Boys. ... L.A. (Light Album) is the last album by The Beach Boys in the 1970s, and their first as part of their contract with CBS Records (now Sony Music). ... The album Keepin The Summer Alive was released in 1980 and was the twenty-sixth album released by the Beach Boys. ... The Beach Boys is an album by The Beach Boys, released in 1985. ... Still Cruisin is the last studio album release by The Beach Boys in the 1980s, and their thirty-fifth official album (counting compilations and live packages). ... Summer in Paradise is The Beach Boys first album of the 1990s. ... Stars And Stripes Vol. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b allmusic ((( The Beach Boys > Overview )))
  2. ^ "Still America's Band: The Beach Boys Today", Kevin M. Cherry, National Review, July 8, 2002
  3. ^ "The Record Setters: Top 10 American Bands, http://www.recordresearch.com/record_setters.php?id=1
  4. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 34
  5. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), 1996. Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, Bloomsbury Paperbacks, p. 35
  6. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 37-39
  7. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Tony Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 41
  8. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 43
  9. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 44. The Pendletones name was derived from the Pendleton woolen shirts popular at that time. In their earliest performances, the band wore the heavy wool jacket-like shirts, which were favored by surfers in the South. In 1962, The Beach Boys began wearing blue/gray-striped button-down shirts tucked into white pants as their touring 'uniforms'. This was the band's signature look through to 1966.
  10. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 46
  11. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 45
  12. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 46
  13. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 48
  14. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 51
  15. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), 1996. Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 30
  16. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 30
  17. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 26
  18. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 30
  19. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 32
  20. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 52
  21. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 53
  22. ^ The Beach Boys
  23. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 54
  24. ^ Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice: My Own Story, p. 55
  25. ^ The Beach Boys
  26. ^ musicangle.com - By Michael Fremer - Music * Reviews * Audio * Sound * Vinyl
  27. ^ Psychedelicatessen, Topic: Smile Booklet?, tripod.com, retrieved on 2007-01-15
  28. ^ The unusual capitalization of the title, "SMiLE", is an accident of Capitol Records' mid-1960s graphic design. Brian himself wrote it as "Smile" on his own message board.
  29. ^ Urban Legends Reference Page: All I Want to Do, snopes.com, retrieved on 2007-01-15
  30. ^ Endless Summer, The Beach Boys, mp3.com, retrieved on 2007-01-15
  31. ^ Parents, don't worry – this music will never last | The San Diego Union-Tribune
  32. ^ a b Brian Wilson and Mike Love: More bad vibrations, independent.co.uk, retrieved on 2007-01-15
  33. ^ Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees: The Beach Boys, rockhall.com, retrieved on 2007-01-15
  34. ^ I Know There´s An Answer
  35. ^ a b Vocal Group Hall of Fame Inductees: The Beach Boys, vocalgroup.org, retrieved on 2007-01-15
  36. ^ Led Zeppelin make UK Hall of Fame, bbc.co.uk, retrieved on 2007-01-15
  37. ^ The Immortals: The First Fifty. Rolling Stone Issue 946. Rolling Stone.
  38. ^ Top 10 Summer Pop Albums: The Beach Boys- Sounds Of Summer, retrieved on 2008-01-27
  39. ^ http://www.beachboysband.net

Pendleton Woolen Mills is an American apparel manufacturing company located in Portland, Oregon. ... Business shirt In American English, shirt can refer to almost any upper-body garment other than coats and bras (the term top is sometimes used in ladieswear). ... Germanic trousers of the 4th century found in the Thorsberg moor, Germany Early use of trousers in France: a sans-culotte by Louis-Léopold Boilly. ...

References

  • Whitburn, Joel, The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, 1992.
  • Wilson, Brian (with Todd Gold), Wouldn't It Be Nice, My Own Story, 1991. Nota Bene: It has been documented by numerous Beach Boys authors, including Andrew G. Doe, that Brian Wilson did not actually write this book and his participation in its creation was minimal. Please see http://www.btinternet.com/~bellagio/1991.html for details.
  • Complete Guide To The Music Of The Beach Boys, a book updated in 2004 as Brian Wilson & The Beach Boys: The Complete Guide To Their Music, author Andrew Grayham Doe.

Andrew Grayham Doe, born September 6, 1955 in Farnham in Surrey, is a rock music researcher most noted for being a Beach Boys historian and author. ...

External links

Alan Charles Al Jardine (born September 3, 1942 in Lima, Ohio) is a founding member of the Beach Boys, their occasional lead vocalist, and one of their guitarists. ... Bruce Arthur Johnston (born Benjamin Baldwin and then adopted, on June 27, 1942 in Peoria, Illinois) is a member of The Beach Boys and a Grammy Award-winning songwriter for composing I Write the Songs. ... This article is about The Beach Boys band member. ... For other persons named Brian Wilson, see Brian Wilson (disambiguation). ... Carl Wilson on the cover of his eponymous 1981 album. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For the town in Clearfield County, Pennsylvania, see Glen Campbell, Pennsylvania. ... Terence William Blondie Chaplin (b. ... Ricky Fataar (born 5 September 1952 in Durban, South Africa) is a South African musician who is primarily a drummer. ... David Marks (born 1948) is a songwriter and musician. ... Surfin Safari is the debut album by The Beach Boys, released in 1961. ... Surfin USA is the second album released by The Beach Boys and was released in 1963. ... Surfer Girl was the third album officially released by The Beach Boys and their second longplayer in 1963. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... All Summer Long was released in 1964 and was the sixth album officially released by The Beach Boys. ... The Beach Boys Christmas Album is a seasonal offering by The Beach Boys, released in the 1964 holiday period. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Summer Days (and Summer Nights!!) is the tenth album by The Beach Boys and their second overall in 1965. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Pet Sounds is a 1966 album recorded by American pop group the Beach Boys. ... Smiley Smile is an infamous album by The Beach Boys, issued in 1967. ... Wild Honey is an album released by The Beach Boys in 1967. ... Friends was the only studio album released by The Beach Boys in 1968. ... 20/20 is the sole 1969 album release by The Beach Boys, and their last studio album to be released with Capitol Records for the next seventeen years. ... Sunflower is The Beach Boys twenty-first official album release and their first under their contract with Reprise Records. ... Surfs Up is the twenty-second official album by The Beach Boys and was released in 1971. ... Carl And The Passions - So Tough is the twenty-third official album released by The Beach Boys, and was released in 1972. ... Holland is the sole 1973 studio release by The Beach Boys. ... 15 Big Ones is the infamous Brian is Back comeback album by The Beach Boys, released in 1976. ... Love You is the 1977 follow-up to The Beach Boys comeback album 15 Big Ones. ... M.I.U. Album is a 1978 release by The Beach Boys. ... L.A. (Light Album) is the last album by The Beach Boys in the 1970s, and their first as part of their contract with CBS Records (now Sony Music). ... The album Keepin The Summer Alive was released in 1980 and was the twenty-sixth album released by the Beach Boys. ... The Beach Boys is an album by The Beach Boys, released in 1985. ... Still Cruisin is the last studio album release by The Beach Boys in the 1980s, and their thirty-fifth official album (counting compilations and live packages). ... Summer in Paradise is The Beach Boys first album of the 1990s. ... Stars And Stripes Vol. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Live in London (aka Beach Boys 69) is a live album by The Beach Boys, released through Capitol Records. ... The Beach Boys in Concert is the second official live album by The Beach Boys, nine years after Beach Boys Concert (Live in London released in the UK in 1970 and the US in 1976). ... From the start, The Beach Boys have undergone many variations in composition, being represented by fill-ins onstage as often as not. ... The Beach Boys first burst onto the music scene in November, 1961 with their release of the single Surfin. The single was moderately successful, hitting #75 in the United States. ... Murry Gage Wilson (July 2, 1917 – June 4, 1973) was a musician and record producer, best remembered as father to Brian Wilson, Dennis Wilson, and Carl Wilson. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood, California. ... Brother Records is a record label and holding company owned by Al Jardine, Brian Wilson, Mike Love, and the estate of Carl Wilson, that holds the Beach Boys intellectual property rights, including the Beach Boys trademark. ... Smile (sometimes spelled with the idiosyncratic partial capitalization SMiLE) is an album by the Beach Boys, and perhaps the most famous unreleased rock and roll album of all time. ... There has been many albums released as solo albums over the years by The Beach Boys members; Brian Wilson, Carl Wilson, Dennis Wilson and Mike Love have all released solo albums. ... Beach Boys Historic Landmark Dedicated on May 20th, 2005, The Beach Boys Historic Landmark commemorates the site of the childhood home of the Wilson Brothers and the birthplace of a unique musical and cultural icon, and a worldwide sensation. ... A music publishing company, founded in 1962 by Murry Wilson, father to three of the Beach Boys (Brian, Dennis, and Carl Wilson), and uncle of another member (Mike Love), to publish and promote the original songs written by Brian and Mike. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Beach Boys - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6082 words)
The Beach Boys are a pop music group formed in Hawthorne, California in 1961 who are widely considered one of the most influential bands in rock and pop music history.
But some of the other Beach Boys—especially Love—found the new music too difficult and too far removed from their established style; another serious concern was that the new music was simply not feasible for live performance by the current Beach Boys lineup.
In 1975, the Beach Boys staged a highly successful joint concert tour with Chicago, with each group performing some of the other's songs, including their previous year's collaboration on Chicago's hit "Wishing You Were Here".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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