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Encyclopedia > The Barber of Seville
Operas by Gioachino Rossini

La scala di seta (1812)
Tancredi (1813)
L'italiana in Algeri (1813)
Il Signor Bruschino (1813)
Il turco in Italia (1814)
Elisabetta, regina d'Inghilterra (1815)
The Barber of Seville (1816)
La gazzetta (1816)
Otello (1816)
La Cenerentola ( 1817)
La gazza ladra (1817)
Adelaide di Borgogna (1817)
Mosè in Egitto (1818)
Ermione (1819)
La donna del lago (1819)
Matilde di Shabran (1821)
Semiramide (1823)
Il viaggio a Reims (1825)
Le siège de Corinthe (1826)
Moïse et Pharaon ( 1827)
Le comte Ory (1828)
Guillaume Tell ( 1829)
For the Rossini opera, see The Barber of Seville. ... Gioachino Rossini. ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Gioacchino Rossini ... La scala di seta (The Silken Ladder) is a comic opera in one act by Gioacchino Rossini. ... Tancredi is an opera in two acts by composer Gioacchino Rossini and librettist Luigi Lechi, based on Voltaires play Tancrède (1759). ... Litaliana in Algeri (The Italian Girl in Algiers) is an operatic dramma giocoso in two acts by Gioachino Rossini to an Italian libretto by Angelo Anelli, based on his earlier text set by Luigi Mosca. ... Il Signor Bruschino (or Il figlio per azzardo) is a one act operatic farce (farsa giocosa per musica) by Gioachino Rossini to a libretto by Giuseppe Foppa, based upon the play Le fils par hasard, ou ruse et folie by Alissan de Chazet and E.T.M. Ourry. ... A seductive Turk visits Italy to discover European customs. ... Elisabetta, regina dInghilterra, (Elizabeth, Queen of England) is a dramma per musica or opera in two acts by Gioachino Rossini, from a libretto by Giovanni Schmidt, from the play The Page of Leicester by Carlo Federici. ... La Gazzetta is a comic opera by Gioacchino Antonio Rossini, satirising the influence of newspapers on peoples lives. ... Otello is an opera in three acts by Gioacchino Rossini to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Berio di Salsi, based on Shakespeares play Othello. ... La Cenerentola, ossia La bontà in trionfo is an operatic dramma giocoso by Gioacchino Rossini. ... La gazza ladra (The Thieving Magpie) is an opera by Gioacchino Rossini. ... Adelaide di Borgogna or Ottone, re dItalia is an opera attributed to Gioacchino Rossini. ... Mosè Egitto is a three part opera on the Exodus from Egypt of the Israelites, led by Moses. ... Ermione is a tragic opera (azione tragica) in two acts by Gioacchino Rossini to an Italian libretto by Andrea Leone Tottola, based on the play Andromaque by Jean Racine. ... La donna del lago (The Lady of the Lake) is an opera by Gioacchino Rossini with a libretto by Andrea Leone Totola, based on a poem by Sir Walter Scott. ... Matilde di Shabran (1821), ossia Bellezza, e cuor di ferro (Matilde of Shabran, or Beauty with a Heart of Iron), is a melodramma giocoso in two acts by Gioachino Rossini to a libretto by Jacopo Ferretti after François-Benoît Hoffman’s libretto for Méhul’s Euphrosine (1790... Semiramide is an opera in two acts by Gioacchino Rossini. ... Il viaggio a Reims, ossia Lalbergo del giglio doro (The Journey to Reims, or The Hotel of the Golden Lily) is an operatic dramma giocoso in one act by Gioacchino Rossini to an French libretto by Luigi Balocchi, based in part on Corinne, ou LItalie by Mme... Le Siège de Corinthe (The Siege of Corinth) is an opera in three acts by Gioacchino Rossini to a French libretto by Luigi Balocchi and Alexandre Soumet, based on Maometto II by Cesare della Valle. ... Design for the décor of Act I for Moïse et Pharaon at the Théâtre de lAcadémie Royale de Musique. ... Le comte Ory is a comic opera written by Gioacchino Rossini in 1828. ... Guillaume Tell (William Tell) is an opera in four acts by Gioacchino Rossini to a French libretto by Etienne de Jouy and Hippolyte Bis, based on Friedrich Schillers Wilhelm Tell. ...

The Barber of Seville (Il barbiere di Siviglia) is an opera buffa in two acts by Gioachino Rossini with a libretto (based on Beaumarchais's comedy Le Barbier de Séville) by Cesare Sterbini. Opera buffa (a form of comic opera), also known as Commedia in musica or Commedia per musica, is a genre of opera. ... Gioachino Rossini. ... Antonio Ghislanzoni, nineteenth century Italian librettist. ... Beaumarchais Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (January 24, 1732 - May 18, 1799) was, among other accomplishments, a writer and librettist. ... For the Rossini opera, see The Barber of Seville. ... Cesare Sterbini (Rome 1784-1831) was an Italian writer. ...


The première (under the title Almaviva, or the Useless Precaution) took place on February 20, 1816, at the Teatro Argentina, Rome. is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Teatro Argentina is a opera house and theatre located in the Largo di Torre Argentina, a square in Rome, Italy. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

An opera based on the play had previously been composed by Giovanni Paisiello, and another was composed in 1796 by Nicholas Isouard. Though the work of Paisiello triumphed for a time, Rossini's later version alone has stood the test of time and continues to be a main­stay of operatic repertoire. Il barbiere di Siviglia, ovvero La precauzione inutile (The Barber of Seville, or The Useless Precaution) is a comic opera by Giovanni Paisiello, first performed on 26 September 1782 at the Imperial Court, Saint Petersburg. ... Paisiello at the clavichord, by Marie Louise Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun, 1791. ...


Rossini's opera follows the first of the plays from the Figaro trilogy, by French playwright Pierre Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, while Mozart's opera Le nozze di Figaro composed 30 years earlier in 1786 is based on the second part of the Beaumarchais' trilogy. The original Beaumarchais version was first performed in 1775, in Paris at the Comédie Française at the Tuileries Palace. Beaumarchais Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (January 24, 1732 - May 18, 1799) was, among other accomplishments, a writer and librettist. ... Beaumarchais Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais (January 24, 1732 - May 18, 1799) was, among other accomplishments, a writer and librettist. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ... Le Nozze di Figaro, is a comic opera composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on a stage comedy by Beaumarchais. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Comédie-Française, late 18th century Interior view, late 18th century The Comédie-Française or Théâtre Français is the only state theater in France. ... Tuileries Palace before 1871 - View from the Louvre courtyard The Tuileries Palace stood in Paris, France, on the right bank of the River Seine until 1871, when it was destroyed. ...


Rossini is well known for his fast work at composition, and true to his style, all the music for Il Barbiere di Siviglia was completed in under three weeks; though the famous overture was actually borrowed from a prior Rossini opera, Aureliano in Palmira. Barbiere's first performance on February 20, 1816 was a disastrous failure: the audience hissed and jeered throughout, and several on-stage accidents occurred. One point of interest, however, is that the hissing audience is due largely in part to one of Rossini's rivals. The audience members were his supporters and played on "mob mentality" when provoking the rest of the audience to dislike the opera. The second performance, however, met with quite a different fate, becoming a roaring success. It is curious to note that the original French play of Le Barbier de Seville endured a similar story, hated at first only to become a hit within a week. Overture (French ouverture, meaning opening) in music is the instrumental introduction to a dramatic, choral or, occasionally, instrumental composition. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1816 (MDCCCXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Barber of Seville is a theatre play by Beaumarchais, written in 1775, and originally entitled Le Barbier de Séville in French. ...


As a staple of the operatic repertoire, Barber appears on Opera America's list of the 20 most-performed operas in North America[1], where it appears as Number 5. Opera America, officially OPERA America, is a service organization in North America promoting the creation, presentation, and enjoyment of opera. ...


Roles

  • Rosina, Bartolo's ward (originally written for coloratura mezzo soprano or contralto but later adapted for coloratura soprano by certain arias being transposed or replaced, and parts swapped during ensembles)
  • Doctor Bartolo, Rosina's guardian (bass)
  • Count Almaviva, a local nobleman. He uses the alias Lindoro (tenor)
  • Figaro, the Barber of Seville (baritone)
  • Fiorello, the Count's servant (bass)
  • Basilio, Bartolo's accomplice, a music teacher (bass)
  • Berta (Marcellina), servant to Doctor Bartolo (soprano)
  • Ambrogio, servant to Doctor Bartolo (silent)
  • A notary (silent)

Coloratura is an old word meaning colouring. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium or middle soprano in Italian) is a female singer whose range lies between the soprano and the contralto, usually extending from the A below middle C to the A two octaves above (i. ... In music, an alto is a singer with a vocal range somewhere between a tenor and a soprano. ... This article is about the voice-type. ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the deepest vocal range of the human voice. ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... For other uses, see Baritone (disambiguation). ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the deepest vocal range of the human voice. ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the deepest vocal range of the human voice. ... This article is about the voice-type. ...

Synopsis

Place, Seville, Spain.
Time, the seventeenth century.

For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ...

Act I

The square in front of Dr. Bartolo's house


In a public square outside Dr. Bartolo's house a band of musicians and a poor student named Lindoro are serenading, to no avail, the window of Rosina ("Ecco ridente in cielo"/"There laughing in the sky"). Lindoro, who is really Count Almaviva in disguise, hopes to make the beautiful Rosina love him for himself - not his money. Almaviva pays off the musicians who then depart, leaving him to brood alone.


Figaro approaches singing (Aria: "Largo al factotum della città"/"Make way for the factotum of the city"). Since Figaro used to be a servant of the Count, the Count asks him for assistance in helping him meet Rosina, offering him money should he be successful in arranging this. (Duet: "All'idea di quel metallo"/"At the idea of that metal"). Figaro advises the Count to disguise himself as a soldier and to feign drunkenness in order to gain entrance to the house and, for this suggestion, he is richly rewarded. Largo al factotum is Figaros aria from The Barber of Seville by Gioacchino Rossini. ...


Dr. Bartolo's house


(Rosina's cavatina: "Una voce poco fa"/"A voice just now") Knowing the Count only by the name of Lindoro, Rosina writes to him. As she is leaving the room, Bartolo and Basilio enter. Bartolo is suspicious of the Count, and Basilio advises that he be put out of the way by creating false rumours about him. (Aria: "La calunnia è un venticello"/"Calumny is a little breeze"). For the piece of music known as Cavatina or Theme from The Deer Hunter, see Cavatina (song) Cavatina (Italian diminutive of cavata, the producing of tone from an instrument, plural cavatine) is a musical term, originally a short song of simple character, without a second strain or any repetition of...


When the two have gone, Rosina and Figaro enter. The latter asks Rosina to write a few encouraging words to Lindoro, which she has actually already written. (Duet: "Dunque io son...tu non m'inganni?"/"Then I'm the one...you're not fooling me?"). Although surprised by Bartolo, Rosina manages to fool him, but he remains suspicious. (Aria: "A un dottor della mia sorte"/"To a doctor of my class").


As Berta attempts to leave the house, she is met by the Count disguised as an intoxicated soldier. In fear of the drunken man, she rushes to Bartolo for protection and he tries to remove the supposed soldier, but does not succeed. The Count manages to have a quick word with Rosina, whispering that he is Lindoro and passing her a letter. The watching Bartolo is suspicious and demands to know what is in the piece of paper in Rosina's hands, but she fools him by handing over her laundry list. Bartolo and the Count start arguing and, when Basilio, Figaro and Berta appear, the noise attracts the attention of the Officer of the Watch and his men. Bartolo believes that the Count has been arrested, but Almaviva only has to mention his name to the officer to be released. Bartolo and Basilio are astounded, and Rosina makes sport of them. (Finale: "Fredda ed immobile"/"Cold and unmoving").


Act II

Dr. Bartolo's house


Almaviva again appears at the doctor's house, this time disguised as a singing tutor and pretending to act as substitute for the supposedly ailing Basilio, Rosina's regular singing teacher. Initially, Bartolo is suspicious, but does allow Almaviva to enter when the Count gives him Rosina's letter. He describes his plan to discredit Lindoro whom he believes to be one of the Count's servants, intent on pursuing women for his master. In order not to leave Lindoro alone with Rosina, the doctor has Figaro shave him. (Quintet: "What, Basilio! what do I see?").


When Basilio suddenly appears, he is bribed to feign sickness by a full purse from Almaviva. Finally Bartolo detects the trick, drives everybody out of the room, and rushes to a notary to draw up the marriage contract between himself and Rosina. He also shows Rosina the letter she wrote to "Lindoro," and convinces her that Lindoro is merely a flunky of Almaviva.


The stage remains empty while the music creates a thunder storm. The Count and Figaro climb up a ladder to the balcony and enter the room through a window. Rosina shows Almaviva the letter and expresses her feelings of betrayal and heartbreak. Almaviva reveals his identity and the two reconcile. While Almaviva and Rosina are enraptured by one another, Figaro keeps urging them to leave. Two people are heard approaching the front door, and attempting to leave by way of the ladder, they realize it has been removed. The two are Basilio and the notary and Basilio is given the choice of accepting a bribe and being a witness or receiving two bullets in the head (an easy choice, he says). He and Figaro witness the signatures to a marriage contract between the Count and Rosina. Bartolo barges in, but is too late. The befuddled Bartolo (who was the one who had removed the ladder) is pacified by being allowed to retain Rosina's dowry.


Selected Recordings

Year Cast:
Rosina,
Almaviva, Figaro
Conductor
Opera House and Orchestra
Label
1958 Maria Callas,
Luigi Alva,
Tito Gobbi
Alceo Galliera,
Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus
Audio CD: EMI Classics
1958 Roberta Peters,
Cesare Valletti,
Robert Merrill
Erich Leinsdorf,
Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus
Audio CD: RCA
ASIN: B000003G4F
1972 Teresa Berganza,
Luigi Alva,
Hermann Prey
Claudio Abbado,
London Symphony Orchestra and Chorus
Audio CD: Deutsche Grammophon
1987 Luciana Serra,
Rockwell Blake,
Bruno Pola
Bruno Campanella,
Teatro Regio di Torino Orchestra and Chorus
Audio CD: Nuova Era
1993 Kathleen Battle,
Frank Lopardo,
Plácido Domingo
Claudio Abbado,
Chamber Orchestra of Europe and Chorus
Audio CD: Deutsche Grammophon
ASIN: B000001GGH

Maria Callas in a casual moment, 1960s Maria Callas (Greek: Μαρία Κάλλας) (December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was an American born, Greek dramatic coloratura soprano and perhaps the best-known opera singer of the post-World War II period. ... Luigi Alva né Luis Ernesto Alva y Talledo (1927) was the foremost lyric tenor of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Tito Gobbi (October 24, 1913 – March 5, 1984) was an Italian baritone. ... Alceo Galliera (1910-1996) was a distinguished Italian conductor. ... The Philharmonia is an orchestra based in London. ... EMI Classics is a record label of EMI. It was formed in 1990 in order to reduce the need to create country-specific packaging and catalogs for internationally distributed classical music releases. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The Italian opera singer Cesare Valletti (18 December 1922 - 15 May 2000) was a highly regarded lyric tenor in the postwar era. ... Robert Merrill (June 4, 1917 – October 23, 2004) was an American opera baritone. ... Erich Leinsdorf (February 4, 1912 - September 11, 1993) was a conductor. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... RCA, formerly an acronym for the Radio Corporation of America, is now a trademark owned by Thomson SA through RCA Trademark Management S.A., a company owned by Thomson. ... Teresa Berganza The Spanish opera singer Teresa Berganza (born 16 March 1935) is a well-known mezzo-soprano most closely associated with the roles of Rossini, Mozart, and Bizet. ... Luigi Alva né Luis Ernesto Alva y Talledo (1927) was the foremost lyric tenor of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Hermann Prey (July 11, 1929 – July 22, 1998) was a German bass-baritone. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ... Logo Deutsche Grammophon is a German record label. ... Luciana Serra (Born in Genoa in 1946) is an Italian soprano. ... Rockwell Blake (Born January 10, 1951) is an American operatic tenor, particularly known for his roles in Rossini operas. ... Bruno Campanella (born January 6, 1943, Bari) is an Italian conductor and a distinguished interpreter of the Italian Opera. ... The Teatro Regio di Torino (Turin Royal Theatre) is a prominent opera house and opera company in Turin, Italy. ... Kathleen Battle (b. ... Plácido Domingo José Plácido Domingo Embil KBE (born January 21, 1941)[1] better known as Plácido Domingo, is a world-renowned operatic tenor. ... Claudio Abbado (born June 26, 1933) is a noted Italian conductor. ... The Chamber Orchestra of Europe (COE), established in 1981, represents 15 nationalities amongst its 50 members. ... Logo Deutsche Grammophon is a German record label. ...

In popular culture

The overture and "Largo al factotum" have been famously parodied in animated cartoons starring Woody Woodpecker (The Barber of Seville) , Bugs Bunny (Rabbit of Seville and Long-Haired Hare),The Simpsons ("The Homer of Seville") and Porky Pig & Daffy Duck (You Ought to Be in Pictures), and Tom and Jerry (Kitty Foiled and The Cat Above and the Mouse Below), as well as Tex Avery's Magical Maestro and Warner Bros' One Froggy Evening. "Largo al factotum" is sung by a moustached baritone, a stop-motion animated clay figure, in the opening credits of the 1991 comedy Oscar starring Sylvester Stallone, and is also used in the end credits sequence from The Beatles' movie Help!. Largo al factotum is Figaros aria from The Barber of Seville by Gioacchino Rossini. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... Woody Woodpecker, from the opening title sequence for the 1951 short Puny Express. ... The Barber of Seville is an animated cartoon short produced by Walter Lantz Productions and distributed by Universal Pictures. ... Bugs Bunny is an animated hare who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... The Rabbit of Seville is a Warner Brothers Looney Tunes theatrical cartoon short released in 1950 and directed by Chuck Jones and written by Michael Maltese. ... This article describes a Looney Tunes cartoon. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... The Homer Of Seville is the second episode of The Simpsons nineteenth season and first aired on September 30, 2007. ... Porky Pig is an Academy Award-nominated animated cartoon character in the Warner Bros. ... Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character in the Warner Brothers Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons. ... You Ought to Be in Pictures is a 1940 Warner Bros. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kitty Foiled is an American animated short featuring Tom and Jerry. ... The Cat Above and The Mouse Below is second of thirty-four Tom and Jerry shorts directed by Chuck Jones, released in 1964. ... Frederick Bean Fred/Tex Avery (February 26, 1908 – August 26, 1980) was an American animator, cartoonist, and director, famous for producing animated cartoons during The Golden Age of Hollywood animation. ... Magical Maestro is a 1952 animated short film directed by Tex Avery and produced by the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio. ... Michigan J. Frog One Froggy Evening is an approximately seven-minute long Technicolor animated short film written by Michael Maltese and directed by Chuck Jones. ... Largo al factotum is Figaros aria from The Barber of Seville by Gioacchino Rossini. ... Oscar is either of two versions of a movie centering on a mobster who discovers over the course of a single day that his daughter is pregnant, he has been robbed by an employee, and various other calamities have befallen his household and his business. ... Sylvester Stallone (born Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone on July 6, 1946) is a two-time Academy Award-nominated American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Help! is a 1965 film starring the The Beatles and featuring Leo McKern, Eleanor Bron, Victor Spinetti, John Bluthal and Roy Kinnear. ...


References

  1. ^ OPERA America's "The Top 20" list of most-performed operas

The plot is taken from The Opera Goer's Complete Guide by Leo Melitz, 1921 version, with updates, clarifications, and modifications to its often out-of-date language.


External links

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fbcgWbz-DFo


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