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Encyclopedia > The Balkans in classical antiquity

The Balkans were conquered and absorbed during classical antiquity into the territory of the Roman Empire. The regions and independent kingdoms of Thrace, Macedonia, Illyria and Dacia became Roman provinces. The province of Dacia was Rome's only foothold north of the Danube river.


Beginning in the 3rd century AD, Rome's frontiers in the Balkans were weakened because of political and economic disorders within the Empire. Though the situation had stabilized temporarily by the time of Constantine, waves of non-Roman peoples, most prominently the Visigoths, Ostrogoths and Huns, began to cross into the territory, first (in the case of the Visigoths) as refugees with imperial permission to take shelter from their foes the Huns, then later as invaders.


Turning on their hosts after decades of servitude and simmering hostility, Visigoths under Fritigern eventually conquered and laid waste the entire Balkan region before moving westward to invade Italy itself. By the end of the Empire the region had become a conduit for invaders to move westward, as well as the scene of treaties and complex political maneuvers by Romans, Goths and Huns, all seeking the best advantage for their peoples amid the shifting and disorderly final decades of Roman imperial power.


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  Results from FactBites:
 
History of the Balkans - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (8975 words)
The Gothic and Carpic campaigns in the Balkans during 238--256 forced the Roman Empire to reorganize a new roman province of Dacia south of Danube inside former Moesia Superior, in 271 the ancient Dacia becoming the kingdom of the Goths until the end of the fourth century when it was included in the Hunnic Empire.
Balkan linguistic union or Balkan sprachbund is a name given to the similarities in grammar, syntax, vocabulary and phonology found in the languages of the Balkans.
(The Balkans by Forbes and Hogarth and Mitrany and Toynbee [2]
Balkans (1614 words)
The larger land mass is sometimes referred to as the Balkan peninsula as it is surrounded by the Adriatic, Ionian, Aegean, Marmara and Black seas from the southwest, south and southeast.
In classical antiquity, this region was the most developed part of Europe as the center of the Greek-speaking world.
The Balkan nations began to regain their independence in the 19th century, and in 1912-1913 a Balkan League reduced Turkey's territory to its present extent in the Balkan Wars.
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