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Encyclopedia > The Automobile Association
An AA van in 2004
AA car transporter in 2004
Old AA-supplied village sign at Hawkesbury Upton, South Gloucestershire, England. The sign says that London is 103 miles away while the next village (Dunkirk) is one mile away
A former AA BSA patrol bike from 1951
A former AA BSA patrol bike from 1951

The Automobile Association (The AA) is a former British motoring association that became a private limited company in 1999, currently owned by two large private equity firms. AA van, Bristol, England. ... AA van, Bristol, England. ... AA car transporter, Bristol, England. ... AA car transporter, Bristol, England. ... Download high resolution version (750x625, 117 KB)Old AA village sign at Hawkesbury Upton, South Gloucestershire, England. ... Download high resolution version (750x625, 117 KB)Old AA village sign at Hawkesbury Upton, South Gloucestershire, England. ... AA vintage sidecar (date unknown) at the Great Vintage Fly-in Weekend, Kemble Airfield, England, May 2003. ... AA vintage sidecar (date unknown) at the Great Vintage Fly-in Weekend, Kemble Airfield, England, May 2003. ... The Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) was a British manufacturer of vehicles, firearms, and military equipment, and still exists as an airgun sport manufacturer and distributor. ...


History

On June 29, 1905 a group of motoring enthusiasts met at the Trocadero restaurant in the West End of London. This was the inauguration of the Automobile Association, formed to help motorists avoid police speed traps. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... In London the Trocadero Restaurant of J. Lyons and Co. ... The interior of Covent Garden Market in the West End The West End of London is an area of central London, containing many of the citys major tourist attractions, businesses, and administrative headquarters. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


By 1906 the association took a stand on road safety issues, and erected thousands of roadside warning signs. 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1908, the AA published the AA Members' Special Handbook, a list of nationwide agents and mechanics. The following year saw the introduction of the AA's free legal system. 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Between 1910 and 1929 the AA introduced AA Routes. To this day, the association continues to produce travel guides and maps. AA Publishing has grown to be the UK's dominant publisher of travel literature. Also, from 1912 the AA began inspecting hotels and restaurants, issuing the coveted AA Star Classification to those deemed to be of superior quality. By 1914, the AA had grown to 83,000 members. In the 1920s the association introduced pre-purchase and post-accident repair checks. Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ...


By 1939, the AA's membership had grown to 725,000, a number equivalent, at the time, to 35 percent of all cars in the United Kingdom. When World War II ended the AA began to protest about wartime petrol rationing. The campaign was successful and rationing was repealed in 1950. This was the first of many campaigns, led by the AA, that were aimed at championing the rights of British motorists. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Gas ration stamps being printed as a result of the 1973 oil crisis Rationing is the controlled distribution of resources and scarce goods or services: it restricts how much people are allowed to buy or consume. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Other campaigns in which the AA have been instrumental, include the compulsory wearing of seat belts, and the introduction of lead-free petrol. Seat belt legislation became law in the UK in 1983. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...


1949 saw the launch of the AA's breakdown and recovery service. Initially only available in London and surrounding districts, it has been gradually extended to cover most of the UK. Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The AA Insurance brokerage service started life in 1967. Today, AA Insurance is the UK's largest motor insurance company. The service was later extended to cover home and life insurance and now also includes pet, travel and business insurance. Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1973 AA Roadwatch began broadcasting traffic alerts on UK commercial radio stations. It grew to become the largest broadcaster of traffic information in Europe. AA Relay was introduced in 1985, a service that promised to deliver a broken-down vehicle, its driver and passengers, luggage and trailer to anywhere in Britain. For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


In 1991, the AA Driving School was launched and employs more than 2,050 qualified driving instructors. By 1994, AA's membership was at eight million. Current estimates place the figure at over twelve million members. Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1998 the AA closed down its 142 high street shops resulting in a loss of 1,000 jobs. These shops had sold insurance, AA membership and various motoring products. [1] Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1999 the association demutualised and was sold to Centrica, the holding company of British Gas. Each full personal member of the association's breakdown services in the UK and Ireland received a payout of over a hundred pounds. A new organisation, the AA Motoring Trust, was formed in 2002 to take over the non-commercial activities of the AA. This article is about the year. ... The term demutualization (or demutualisation) describes the process by which mutual organizations or companies (mutuals) convert themselves to for-profit (or profit-making) public companies which distribute profits to their shareholders in the form of dividends. ... Centrica plc (LSE: CNA) is a large multinational company, based in the United Kingdom but also with interests in North America and Europe. ... The AA Motoring Trust is a trust created in 2002 to continue the non-commerical roading and road safety activities of the AA after its demutalisation and sale. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


In 2004 the AA was sold for GBP 1.75 billion to two European private equity firms, CVC and Permira. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... CVC Capital Partners is a European private equity firm. ... Permira is an international, private equity firm based in the United Kingdom. ...


A new headquarters building for the AA, known as Fanum House was opened in 1973 by the Queen. It is located in Basing View, Basingstoke, north Hampshire. Whilst the AA was under Centrica control in 2001 the HQ was moved to an office in Farnborough (also in Hampshire), but returned to Basingstoke as of October 2005 following the sale to CVC Permira. Fanum House is the headquarters of The Automobile Association in Basingstoke, England. ... Basingstoke railway station, as seen from Alençon Link. ... Farnborough is a town in the Hampshire borough of Rushmoor in South East England. ...


On 08 May 2007 the AA was the focus of the BBC's "The Money Programme". The sale of the company to the private equity firm CVC Permira was deeply crticised and the detrimental effect this has had upon the companies performance was exposed. Following the October 2005 buyout the company has been saddled with £1.3billion of debt and the number of patrols was cut significantly, with many of these cuts touted to be under unfair circumstances, a third of the 10,000 staff was cut in order to "improve efficiency". Tim Parker, the current chief executive has since admitted that the cut-backs were too great, and that with the increased work load in the 2006 summer they required more patrols. May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


It has since been announced that CVC Permira is looking to sell the AA for approximately £3bn marking a substantial profit, even after repayments of debt. On 25 June 2007 the company announced that it is to merge with another private equity owned company Charterhouse's Saga, which provides services including insurance and holidays to over 50s. The new holding company, which is yet to be named, will be owned by CVC, Permira, Charterhouse and staff. The deal valued the AA at £3.35 billion and the combined company will be worth more than £6 billion, making it the 20th largest company in the UK. is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Charterhouse is a Carthusian monastery founded in 1371 by Walter de Manny, in Smithfield in the City of London. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


See also

The AA Motoring Trust is a trust created in 2002 to continue the non-commerical roading and road safety activities of the AA after its demutalisation and sale. ... The Automobile Association (or simply AA Ireland) has been operating in Ireland since 1910. ... The AAA logo AAA (read triple-A), also known by its historic name of the American Automobile Association, is a non-profit automobile lobby group and service organization based in Orlando, Florida, United States. ... The RAC tower in Bradley Stoke near Bristol, at the junction of the M4 and M5 motorways. ...

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