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Encyclopedia > The 100
The cover of the 1992 edition.
The cover of the 1992 edition.

The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History is a 1978 book by Michael H. Hart. It is a ranking of the 100 people who most influenced human history. Since publication the book has been hotly debated and its concept widely copied. His criterion was influence. Image File history File links The_100_Cover. ... Image File history File links The_100_Cover. ... Michael H. Hart (born April 28, 1932 in New York City) is an American astrophysicist turned author and activist. ... History is often used as a generic term for information about the past, such as in geologic history of the Earth. When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study and interpretation of the record of human societies. ... Look up Influence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The book was reprinted in 1992 with several notable revisions made to the original list of 100 people and their associated rankings. Chief among these revisions was the demotion of figures associated with Communism, such as Vladimir Lenin and Mao Zedong, and the introduction of Mikhail Gorbachev. Hart took sides in the Shakespearean authorship issue and substituted Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford for William Shakespeare. Hart also substituted Niels Bohr and Henri Becquerel with Ernest Rutherford, thus correcting an error in the first edition. Henry Ford was also promoted from the "Honorary Mentions" list, replacing Pablo Picasso. Finally, some of the rankings were re-ordered, although no one listed in the top ten changed position. This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... Lenin redirects here. ... Mao redirects here. ... Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev[1] (Russian: , IPA: ; born 2 March 1931) is a Russian politician. ... The frontispiece of the First Folio (1623), the first collected edition of Shakespeares plays From 1593 to 1637, a number of plays and poems were published under the name William Shakespeare or, in many cases, hyphenated as Shake-Speare. The company that performed most of these plays, the Lord... The Earl of Oxford, from the 1914 publication English Travellers of the Renaissance by Clare Howard. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Niels Henrik David Bohr (October 7, 1885 – November 18, 1962) was a Danish physicist who made fundamental contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922. ... For the SI unit of radioactivity, see Becquerel. ... Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson OM PC FRS (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937), widely referred to as Lord Rutherford, was a chemist (B.Sc. ... Henry Ford (1919) Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. ... Picasso redirects here. ...


What mainly surprised readers was the first person on Hart's list. Hart decided to choose Muhammad over Jesus or Moses despite the fact that Islam was not the largest religion and that it was from a distant part of the world from where he lived. Hart attributes this to the fact that Muhammad was successful in both the religious and political realms. He also writes that Muhammad's role in the development of Islam is far more influential than Jesus's collaboration in the development of Christianity. He attributes the development of Christianity to St. Paul, who played a pivotal role in the spreading Christianity. Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ...


In addition, Hart wrote a 'sequel' in 1999, entitled A View From The Year 3000, in which he writes from the perspective of a person from that year ranking the most influential people in history. Roughly half of those entries are fictitious people from 2000-3000, but roughly half are actual people, most of whom are taken from the 1992 edition, though many have been reranked in order. The 30th century of the anno Domini (common) era will span the years 2901–3000 of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Hart's Top 15 (from the 1992 edition)

Rank
Name
Influence
1 Mohammed
2 Isaac Newton
3 Jesus Christ
4 Buddha
5 Confucius
6 St. Paul
7 Ts'ai Lun
8 Johannes Gutenberg
9 Christopher Columbus
10 Albert Einstein
11 Louis Pasteur
12 Galileo Galilei
13 Aristotle
14 Euclid
15 Moses

For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... Sir Isaac Newton FRS (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727) [ OS: 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727][1] was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, and alchemist. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Siddhartha and Gautama redirect here. ... Confucius (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kung-fu-tzu), lit. ... St. ... Cài Lún (Wade-Giles: Tsai Lun, 蔡倫) (ca. ... This article is about the inventor of printing in Europe; for other uses, see Guttenberg (disambiguation) and Gutenberg. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... “Einstein” redirects here. ... Louis Pasteur (December 27 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French chemist and microbiologist best known for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and prevention of disease. ... Galileo redirects here. ... For other uses, see Aristotle (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Euclid (disambiguation). ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ...

References

  • Hart, Michael H. The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History, Revised and Updated for the Nineties. New York: Carol Publishing Group/Citadel Press; first published in 1978, reprinted with minor revisions 1992. ISBN 9780806510682

External links

  • Full List

  Results from FactBites:
 
100 (number) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (454 words)
100 (one hundred) (the Roman numeral is C for centum) is the natural number following 99 and preceding 101.
100 is a Harshad number in base 10, and also in base 4, and in that base it is a self-descriptive number.
The New General Catalogue object NGC 100, a magnitude 13.3 spiral galaxy in the constellation Pisces.
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