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Encyclopedia > The "5" Royales
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The "5" Royales was a rhythm and blues (R&B) band from Winston-Salem, North Carolina, that combined gospel, jump blues and doo wop, marking an early and influential step in the evolution of soul music. Most of their big R&B hits were recorded from 1952 to 1953 and written by guitarist Lowman "Pete" Pauling; later cover versions of the band's songs hit the Top 40, including "Dedicated to the One I Love" (The Shirelles, the Mamas & the Papas), "Tell the Truth" (Ray Charles), and "Think" (James Brown). Brown modeled his first band after the "5" Royales, and both Eric Clapton and legendary Stax guitarist Steve Cropper cite Pauling as a key influence. Clapton also covered "Tell the Truth" on his 1970 album with Derek and the Dominoes, Layla, while Rolling Stones singer Mick Jagger covered "Think" on his 1991 solo album Wandering Spirit. Jump to: navigation, search Rhythm and blues (or R&B) was coined as a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Jerry Wexler at Billboard magazine, used to designate upbeat popular music performed by African American artists that combined jazz and blues. ... Jump to: navigation, search County Forsyth County, NC Mayor Allen Joines Website Official Website Population 185,776 (2000) Winston-Salem is a city located in Forsyth County, North Carolina, United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search Gospel music may refer either to the religious music that first came out of African-American churches in the 1930s or, more loosely, to both black gospel music and to the religious music composed and sung by white southern Christian artists. ... The jump blues is a type of blues music, characterized by a jazzy, saxophone (or other horn instruments) sound, driving rhythms and shouted vocals. ... Doo-wop is a style of vocal-based rhythm and blues music popular in the mid-1950s to the early 1960s in America. ... Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Jump to: navigation, search In pop music a cover version is a new rendition of a previously recorded song. ... The Shirelles were an influential American girl group in the early 1960s. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Mamas & the Papas (credited as The Mamas and the Papas on the debut album cover) were a leading vocal group of the 1960s. ... Jump to: navigation, search Ray Charles at the piano. ... Jump to: navigation, search James Brown, known variously as: Soul Brother Number One, the Godfather of Soul, Mr. ... Jump to: navigation, search Eric Clapton at the Tsunami Relief concert in Cardiffs Millennium Stadium, January 22nd 2005 Eric Patrick Clapton CBE (born March 30, 1945) is a Grammy winning British guitarist and composer. ... Stax Records was a Memphis, Tennessee based record label that existed from 1959 to 1976. ... Steve Cropper (born October 21, 1941) is a guitarist, songwriter, producer, and soul musician. ... Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs album cover Derek and the Dominos was a group formed in the spring of 1970 by guitarist/singer Eric Clapton (born Eric Patrick Clapton, March 30, 1945, Ripley, Surrey, England) with other former members of Delaney & Bonnie & Friends: Bobby Whitlock (b. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Jump to: navigation, search Mick Jagger, seen here on Box of Pin Ups, 1964. ...

Originally the Royal Sons Quintet, the group began recording for Apollo Records in the early 1950s, changing its name to the Royals after abandoning gospel for secular music. The group paired Pauling with vocalists Jimmy Moore, Obadiah Carter, and Otto Jeffries, with Johnny Tanner singing lead. Later Tanner's younger brother, Eugene, would replace Jeffries. The robust Johnny Tanner sang lead on most of the group's hits, including "Think," although the sweeter-voiced Eugene Tanner stepped to the microphone for the group's best-known song, "Dedicated to the One I Love." "Baby Don't Do It" and "Help Me Somebody" became hits in 1953, but the group soon signed to Cincinnati's King Records. In addition to heartfelt odes like "Dedicated to the One I Love," Pauling also wrote comic and risque tunes, including "Monkey Hips and Rice," later the title of a two-CD anthology of the group's music released by Rhino Records in 1994. Pauling used an extra-long strap for his guitar, sometimes playing it down around his knees for comic effect. The group shared stages with all the major R&B artists of the 1950s, including Sam Cooke and Ray Charles, once substituting for the latter's Raelettes at a show in Durham, North Carolina. Apollo Records has been the name of at least three different record labels, all based in the United States of America. ... Jump to: navigation, search // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the height of the... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... King Records is the name of at least two different record labels. ... Rhino Entertainment is a specialty record label originally known for releasing retrospectives of famous comedy performers, including Stan Freberg, Tom Lehrer, and Spike Jones. ... Jump to: navigation, search Sam Cooke Sam Cooke (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964) was a popular and influential American gospel, R&B, soul, and pop singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur. ... Jump to: navigation, search Ray Charles at the piano. ... The Raelettes were a girl group in the 1960s and 1970s, best known for providing backing vocals for Ray Charles. ... City nickname: City of Medicine Location Government Country State County United States North Carolina Durham County Mayor Bill Bell Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 94. ...

Confusion arose when two groups of Royals began touring, the other led by Detroit R&B legend Hank Ballard. According to members of the "5" Royales, the confusion peaked in 1953 when an unscrupulous promoter booked Ballard's group in Winston-Salem, trying to pass the Detroit band off as its native-son namesakes, much to the chagrin of a local audience. Shortly thereafter, the air cleared when Winston-Salem's Royals became the "5" Royales and Detroit's Royals became the Midnighters. Ironically, both artists would have hits at King working with Rock & Roll Hall of Fame producer Ralph Bass, becoming good friends and routinely competing in battles of the bands at clubs like Atlanta's Royal Peacock in that city's Sweet Auburn section. Ballard's group gained fame for originating "The Twist", later a monster dance craze and hit for Rock & Roll Hall of Fame excludee Chubby Checker, and for its risque series of "Annie" songs, including "Work With Me Annie" and "Annie Had a Baby." Jump to: navigation, search Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815... Jump to: navigation, search Hank Ballard (November 18, 1927 - March 2, 2003) was an American R&B singer and a member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, showing Lake Erie in the background The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is a museum in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, dedicated, as the name suggests, to recording the history of some of the best-known and most influential rock and... Jump to: navigation, search Atlanta is the capital and largest city of Georgia, a state of the United States of America. ... The Sweet Auburn Historic District is a historic African-American neighborhood along Auburn Avenue in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Jump to: navigation, search Ernest Evans (popularly known as Chubby Checker) (born in Spring Gulley, South Carolina in October 3, 1941, grew up in South Philadelphia. ...

With King, "Think" and "Tears of Joy" became hits for the "5" Royales in 1957, while some of their lesser-known tracks from this period are now critically acclaimed as innovative. Veteran rock critic Dave Marsh chose the 1958 "5" Royales hit "The Slummer the Slum" as one of the top 1001 singles of all time in his book The Heart of Rock and Soul, crediting Pauling with capturing the first intentional use of guitar feedback on record, years before better-known squawks from the Beatles, Yardbirds, and Velvet Underground. In the 1960s, R&B gradually gave way to more polished soul music and the Royales' career waned rapidly. Jump to: navigation, search 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... Yardbirds album cover The Yardbirds were an early British rock band, noted for spawning the careers of several of rock musics most famous guitarists, including Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, and Jimmy Page. ... The Velvet Underground and Nico (from left to right: John Cale, Nico, Lou Reed, Sterling Morrison, and Maureen Tucker) The Velvet Underground (Affectionately known as The Velvets, or V.U. for short) was an American rock and roll band of the late 1960s. ... Jump to: navigation, search The 1960s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ...

The "5" Royales broke up in 1965, though various combinations of musicians would tour under the group's name into the 1970s. For a time Pauling continued recording with pianist and frequent Royales collaborator Royal Abbitt as El Pauling and the Royalton. Pauling's brother, Clarence Paul, a former member of the Royal Sons Quintet, found success as a producer and songwriter at Motown Records in the 1960s. Most of the group's members survived well into the 1990s, but not Pauling. After years of struggle with alcohol dependency, he ended up working as a night watchman at a Manhattan church and died of an apparent seizure on December 26, 1973. Jump to: navigation, search 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search The 1970s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1970 and 1979. ... Jump to: navigation, search Clarence Paul was a songwriter and record producer for Detroits Motown label. ... Jump to: navigation, search Manhattan Borough,highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ...


  • "We grew up on their music. 'Think' had some great funky licks. I used the same licks in the Mar-Keys. Pauling's sound was funky, gutsy. He would alternate lead and rhythm, which is something I always did." - Steve Cropper

Steve Cropper (born October 21, 1941) is a guitarist, songwriter, producer, and soul musician. ...


  • [The J. Taylor Doggett Papers]



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