FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Thar Desert
A NASA satellite image of the Thar Desert, with the India-Pakistan border superimposed is found in canada, united states. The desert is at the center left of the image; the Indus River and its tributaries are to the left side of the desert, and the dark green line at the bottom center of the image is the Aravalli Range.
A NASA satellite image of the Thar Desert, with the India-Pakistan border superimposed is found in canada, united states. The desert is at the center left of the image; the Indus River and its tributaries are to the left side of the desert, and the dark green line at the bottom center of the image is the Aravalli Range.

The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a desert located in western India and southeastern Pakistan. It lies mostly in the Indian state of Rajasthan, and extends into the southern portion of Haryana and Punjab states and into northern Gujarat state. In Pakistan, the desert covers eastern Sind province and the southeastern portion of Pakistan's Punjab province. In Pakistan's Punjab province it is known as the Cholistan Desert. Tharparker District of province Sindh Pakistan is also a part of Thar desert. Tharparker Total area is about 20000 sq km. The Thar Desert is bounded on the northwest by the Sutlej River, on the east by the Aravalli Range, on the south by the salt marsh known as the Rann of Kutch (parts of which are sometimes included in the Thar), and on the west by the Indus River. Its boundary to the large thorny steppe to the north is ill-defined. Depending on what areas are included or excluded, the nominal size of the Thar can vary significantly. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x636, 329 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x636, 329 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... NASA logo Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from an article revision dated 2005-09-01, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... The Indus (Sanskrit: Sindhu; Urdu دریائے سندھ; , Tibetan: Sengge Chu (Lion River); Persian: Hindu; Greek: Sinthos; Pashto: Abaseen (The Father of Rivers); Mehran (an older name)) is the longest and most important river in Pakistan. ... The Aravali Range The Aravali Range is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Haryana (Hindi: , IPA: / /) is a state in north India. ... This article details the Indian state of Punjab. ... Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA: ,  ) is the most industrialized state in the Republic of India with 19. ... Sindh (Sind) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... The Punjab or Panjab (Punjabi/Urdu: پنجاب) province of Pakistan is the countrys most populous region and is home to the Punjabis and various other groups. ... The Punjab or Panjab (Punjabi/Urdu: پنجاب) province of Pakistan is the countrys most populous region and is home to the Punjabis and various other groups. ... Cholistan is a desert located in the province of Punjab, Pakistan. ... Tharparkar (Urdu: تھرپارکر) district is located in Sindh, Pakistan. ... The Sutlej, also known as Satluj, is the longest of the five rivers of Punjab (five waters) that flows through Northern India, with its source in Tibet near Mount Kailash. ... The Aravali Range The Aravali Range is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state. ... Rann of Kutch on the Top Left. ... The Indus (Sanskrit: Sindhu; Urdu دریائے سندھ; , Tibetan: Sengge Chu (Lion River); Persian: Hindu; Greek: Sinthos; Pashto: Abaseen (The Father of Rivers); Mehran (an older name)) is the longest and most important river in Pakistan. ...


According to the WWF definition, the desert proper has 92,200 square miles (238,700 km²). Another source gives the area of the Thar Desert as 446,000 km² extending 805 km (about 500 mi) long and about 485 km (about 300 mi) wide, with 208,110 square kilometres in India. Of the Indian portion, 61% falls in Rajasthan, 20% in Gujarat and 9% in Punjab and Haryana combined. The greater portion lies in Rajasthan, covering about three-fifths of the total geographical area. WWF – World Wide Fund for Nature (formerly the World Wildlife Fund, which is still used by WWF-US and WWF-Canada) is a global environment conservation, research, environmental advocacy and restoration organization. ...

Contents

Origin of the Thar Desert

The origin of the Thar Desert is a controversial subject. Some consider it to be 4000 to 10,000 years old, whereas others state that aridity started in this region much earlier. Another theory states that area turned to desert relatively recently: perhaps around 2000 - 1500 BCE. Around this time the Ghaggar ceased to be a major river. It now terminates in the desert. It has been observed through remote sensing techniques that Late Quaternary climatic changes and neotectonics have played a significant role in modifying the drainage courses in this part and a large number of palaeochannels exist. The Ghaggar is a seasonal river in India, flowing when water is available from monsoon rains. ...


Most of the studies share the opinion that the palaeochannels of the Sarasvati coincide with the bed of present day Ghaggar and believe that the Sutlej along with the Yamuna once flowed into the present Ghaggar riverbed. It has been postulated that the Sutlej was the main tributary of the Ghaggar and that subsequently the tectonic movements might have forced the Sutlej westwards, the Yamuna eastwards and thus dried up the Ghaggar.


Physiography and geology

The desert city of Jaipur, Rajasthan
The desert city of Jaipur, Rajasthan

There are three principal landforms in the desert region i.e. Image File history File links Nahaar_Garh_Fort. ... Image File history File links Nahaar_Garh_Fort. ... Also known as the Pink City, Jaipur has a long, rich and colorful history. ... A landform comprises a geomorphological unit. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

  • The predominantly sand covered Thar
  • Plains with hills including the central dune free country
  • Hills

It is a desolate country where sand is piled up into huge wind blown dunes (technically this is known as an erg). The sand dunes are of three types viz., longitudinal parabolic, transverse and barchans. The first type, running NNE-SSW, i.e. parallel to the prevailing winds, occurs to the south and west of the Thar. The transverse dunes, aligned across the wind direction, to the east and north of Thar and barchans, with the conclave sides facing the wind in the interior, predominant in Central Thar. On the whole the Thar Desert slopes imperceptibly towards the Indus Plain and surface unevenness is mainly due to sand dunes. The dunes in the south are higher, rising sometimes to 152 m whereas in the north they are lower and rise to 16 m above the ground level. Patterns in the sand Sand is an example of a class of materials called granular matter. ... In geography, a plain is a large area of land with relatively low relief. ... A hill in Hungary with a hillside vintage garden For the landform that extends less than 600 metres above the surrounding terrain and that is smaller than a mountain, see the mountain article. ... Mesquite Flat Dunes in Death Valley National Park In physical geography, a dune is a hill of sand built by eolian (wind-related) processes. ... Issaouane Erg, Algeria. ...


The Aravalli ranges form the main landmark to the south-east of Thar Desert. The more humid conditions that prevail near the Aravallis prevent the extension of Thar Desert towards the east and the Ganges Valley. In the heart of the sand covered area, the bare, dune free country of Barmer, Jaisalmer and Bikaner present an anomaly. The Aravalli Range is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state. ... Early morning on the Ganges The River Ganges (Ganga in Indian languages) (Devanagiri गंगा) is a major river in northern India. ... Barmer is a city in Barmer District in western Rajasthan in India. ... Jaisalmer (The Golden City) is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Bikaner is a city in north-western Rajasthan state in western India. ...


Desert soils

The soils of the Arid Zone are generally sandy to sandy-loam in texture. The consistency and depth vary according to the topographical features. The low-lying loams are heavier and may have a hard pan of clay, calcium carbonate (CaCO3) or gypsum. The pH varies between 7 and 9.5. The soils improve in fertility from west and northwest to east and northeast. Desert soils are Regosols of wind blown sand and sandy fluiratile deposits, derived from the disintegration of rock in the subjacent areas and blown in from the coastal region and the Indus Valley. The desert soils occupy the districts of Jodhpur, Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar, Barmer, Jaisalmer, and Jalore. The Thar consists mainly of the wind-blown sand. The area is covered not only by sheet of sand but also of rocky projections of low elevations which constitute the older rocks of the country. Water is scarce and occurs at great depths, from 30 to 120 m below the ground level. The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of natural clays. ... Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound, with chemical formula CaCO3. ... Gypsum is a very soft mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate, with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O. // [edit] Chemical structure Heating gypsum to between 100°C and 150°C (302°F) partially dehydrates the mineral by driving off exactly 75% of the water contained in its chemical structure. ... The Indus (सिन्‍धु नदी) (known as Sindhu in ancient times) is the principal river of Pakistan. ... Jodhpur District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Bikaner District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... Churu District is a district of Rajasthan state of western India. ... Ganganagar District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Barmer is a district of Rajasthan, India. ... Jaisalmer District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ... Jalor District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. ...


Some of these soils contain a high percentage of soluble salts in the lower horizons, turning water in the wells poisonous. Being poor in organic matter they show a low loss on ignition. They contain varying amount of calcium carbonate.


Biodiversity

The Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, India
The Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, India

Stretches of sand in the desert are interspersed by hillocks and sandy and gravel plains. Due to the diversified habitat, the vegetation and animal life in this arid region is very rich. About 23 species of lizard and 25 species of snakes are found here and several of them are endemic to the region. Download high resolution version (1984x1488, 802 KB) Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Download high resolution version (1984x1488, 802 KB) Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur, in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Panoramic view of Jodhpur at night Jodhpur   (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ...


Some wildlife species, which are fast vanishing in other parts of India, are found in the desert in large numbers such as the Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps), the Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), the Indian Gazelle (Gazella bennettii) and the Indian Wild Ass (Equus hemionus khur) in the Rann of Kutch. How these animals and insects survive in these harsh conditions, under such high temperature and without drinking water and green vegetation are amazing. They have evolved excellent survival strategies, their size is smaller than other similar animals living in different conditions, and they are mainly nocturnal. There are certain other factors responsible for the survival of these animals in the desert. Due to the lack of water in this region, transformation of the grasslands into cropland has been very slow. The protection provided to them by a local community, the Bishnois, is also a factor. Various species of deer are commonly seen wildlife across the Americas and Eurasia. ... Binomial name Ardeotis nigriceps (Vigors, 1831) The Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) is a bustard found in India and possibly Pakistan. ... Binomial name Antilope cervicapra (Linnaeus, 1758) The Black Buck (Antilope cervicapra) or Indian Black Buck antelope, is a small antelope native to Northern India, Pakistan and Nepal. ... Binomial name Gazella bennettii (Sykes, 1831) The Chinkara is a species of gazelle found in South Asia. ... The Bishnois are a community of nature worshippers in the state of Rajasthan, India. ...


The Desert National Park, Jaisalmer, spread over an area of 3162 km², is an excellent example of the ecosystem of the Thar Desert, and its diverse fauna. Great Indian Bustard, Blackbuck, chinkara, desert fox, Bengal fox, wolf, desert cat etc. can be easily seen here. Seashells and massive fossilized tree trunks in this park record the geological history of the desert. The region is a haven for migratory and resident birds of the desert. One can see many eagles, harriers, falcons, buzzards, kestrel and vultures. Short-toed Eagles (Circaetus gallicus), Tawny Eagles (Aquila rapax), Spotted Eagles (Aquila clanga), Laggar Falcons (Falco jugger) and kestrels are the commonest of these. Desert National Park, Rajasthan, India. ... Jaisalmer (The Golden City) is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... An ecosystem, a contraction of ecological and system, refers to the collection of components and processes that comprise, and govern the behavior of, some defined subset of the biosphere. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ... For other uses of the term, see Fossil (disambiguation) Fossils are the mineralized remains of animals or plants or other artifacts such as footprints. ... Migration occurs when living things move from one biome to another. ... // This article is about the bird. ... Genera Circus Geranospiza Polyboroides See Accipitridae for other groups in this family A Harrier is any of several species of diurnal birds of prey which fly low over meadows and marshes and hunt or harry small animals or birds (hence their common name). ... Species About 37; see text. ... A buzzard is one of several large birds, but there are a number of meanings as detailed below. ... The name kestrel is given to several different members of the falcon genus, Falco. ... Orders Falconiformes (Fam. ... Binomial name Circaetus gallicus ( Gmelin, 1788) The Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) is a medium-sized bird of prey in the family Accipitridae which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as kites, buzzards and harriers. ... Binomial name Aquila rapax (Temminck, 1828) Tawny Eagle at Combe Martin Wildlife and Dinosaur Park, North Devon, England The Tawny Eagle (Aquila rapax) is a large bird of prey. ... Binomial name Aquila clanga Pallas, 1811 The Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga), or just Spotted Eagle, is a large bird of prey. ... Binomial name Falco jugger Gray, 1834 The Laggar Falcon (Falco jugger) is a large bird of prey which occurs in the Indian subcontinent from extreme south-east Iran, south-east Afghanistan, Pakistan, through India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and north-west Myanmar. ...


Tal Chhapar Sanctuary is a very small sanctuary in Churu District, 210 km from Jaipur, in the Shekhawati region. This sanctuary is home to a large population of graceful Blackbuck. Desert Fox and desert cat can also be spotted along with typical avifauna such as partridge and sand grouse. Tal Chhapar Sanctuary is situated in Churu district of Northwestern Rajasthan in the Shekhawati region of India. ... Churu District is a district of Rajasthan state of western India. ... Also known as the Pink City, Jaipur has a long, rich and colorful history. ... Shekhawati (शेखावाटी) is a semi-arid region located in the northeast part of Rajasthan, India. ... Desert Fox can have multiple meanings: A nickname for German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel Operation Desert Fox – a U.S.-U.K. bombing campaign against Iraq (December 16-December 18, 1998) The Desert Fox (movie) – a 1951 movie about Rommel This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... Genera Perdix Alectoris Lerwa Bambusicola Ptilopachus Rollulus Haematortyx Caloperdix Arborophila Xenoperdix Melanoperdix †See also Pheasant, Quail, Grouse Partridges are birds in the pheasant family, Phasianidae. ... Genera Pterocles Syrrhaptes Sandgrouse is also the name of the journal of the Ornithological Society of the Middle East - see Sandgrouse (journal) The sandgrouse are a group of 16 near passerine bird species in the order Pteroclidiformes. ...


Natural vegetation

Enlarge
Desert tribes near Jaisalmer, India

The natural vegetation is classed as Northern Desert Thorn Forest (Champion 1936). These occur in small clumps scattered in a more or less open forms. Density and size of patches increase from West to East following the increase in rainfall. Natural vegetation of Thar Desert is composed of following tree, shrub and herb species. Image File history File links Désert-du-Thar. ... Image File history File links Désert-du-Thar. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... Herbs: basil Herbs (IPA: hə(ɹ)b, or əɹb; see pronunciation differences) are plants grown for culinary, medicinal, or in some cases even spiritual value. ...


Tree species

Acacia leucophloea, Acacia senegal, Anogeissus rotundifolia, Prosopis cineraria, Salvadora oleodes, Tecomella undulata Species About 1,300; see List of Acacia species For Acacia Research Corporation, see Acacia Technologies. ... Binomial name Acacia senegal (L.) Acacia senegal is a deciduous shrub or small tree native to semi-desert regions of Subsaharan Africa as well as Oman, Pakistan, and northwestern India. ... species Anogeissus is a genus of trees native to South Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, and Africa, belonging to family Combretaceae. ... Binomial name Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce Prosopis cineraria is a small to medium size tree, found mainly in the Thar Desert of Rajasthan in India. ... This Plant is woody. ... Tecomella undulata is tree species, locally known as Rohida, found in Thar Desert regions of northwest and western India. ...


Small trees and shrubs

Calligonum polygonoides, Acacia jacquemontii, Balanites roxburghii, Ziziphus nummularia, Calotropis procera, Suaeda fruticosa, Crotolaria burhia, Aerva tomentosa, Clerodendrum multiflrum, Leptadenia pyrotechnica, Lycium barbarum, Grewia populifolia, Commiphora mukul, Euphorbia nerifolia, Cordia rothii, Maytenus emorginata Species About 1,300; see List of Acacia species For Acacia Research Corporation, see Acacia Technologies. ... Species About 40, including: Ziziphus glabarrima Zizyphus joazeiro Ziziphus lotus Ziziphus mauritiana Ziziphus spinachristi Zizyphus spinosa Ziziphus zizyphus Ziziphus is a genus of about 40 species of spiny shrubs and small trees in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae, distributed in the warm-temperate and subtropical parts of the Old World. ... Calotropis gigantea flowers have a purplish tinge. ... Binomial name Lycium barbarum L. Chinese Wolfberry (Chinese: 枸杞; pinyin: ) is the common name for the fruit of Lycium barbarum or , a species of boxthorn in the family Solanaceae. ... Grewioideae is a subfamily of the Malvaceae family. ... Species See text. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Species Cordia abyssinica Cordia africana Cordia alliodora Cordia boisseri Cordia buddeloides Cordia collococca Cordia crenata Cordia croatii Cordia cymosa Cordia dentata Cordia dichotoma(?) Cordia eleagnoides Cordia gerascanthus Cordia globosa Cordia guanacastensis Cordia linnaei Cordia lutea Cordia martinicensis Cordia millenii Cordia nesophila Cordia nodosa Cordia obliqua(?) Cordia panamensis Cordia parvifolia Cordia...


Herbs

Eleusine compressa, Dactyloctenium scindicum, Cenchrus biflorus, Cenchrus setigerus, Lasiurus hirsutus, Cynodon dactylon, Panicum turgidum, Panicum antidotale, Dichanthium annulatum, Sporobolus marginatus, Saccharum spontaneum, Cenchrus ciliaris, Desmostachya bipinnata, Cyperus arenarius, Erogrostis species, Ergamopagan species, Phragmitis species, Typha species [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name {{{binomial}}} Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} Species See text [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} The sandburs are a genus (Cenchrus) of true grasses. ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name {{{binomial}}} Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} Species See text [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} The sandburs are a genus (Cenchrus) of true grasses. ... The genus name Lasiurus is derived from the Greek lasios (hairy) and oura (tail), or hairy-tailed bats. ... Species Eight species, including: Cynodon aethiopicus Cynodon arcuatus Cynodon dactylon Cynodon transvaalensis Cynodon (Greek Dog-tooth) is a genus of eight species of grasses in the family Poaceae, found in many parts of the world. ... Species About 450-470 species; see text Panicum is a large genus of about 450 species of grasses native throughout the tropical regions of the world, with a few species extending into the north temperate zone. ... Species About 450-470 species; see text Panicum is a large genus of about 450 species of grasses native throughout the tropical regions of the world, with a few species extending into the north temperate zone. ... species see text The genus Saccharum (Poaceae) contains the sugar canes (actually several species) and other ornamental grasses such as Ravenna grass. ... [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name {{{binomial}}} Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} Species See text [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} The sandburs are a genus (Cenchrus) of true grasses. ... Species About 600 species; see text Cyperus is a large genus of about 600 species of sedges, distributed throughout all continents in both tropical and temperate regions. ... Species See text. ...


Greening desert and checking shifting sand dunes

Greening desert with plantations of jojoba at Fatehpur, Shekhawati
Greening desert with plantations of jojoba at Fatehpur, Shekhawati

The soil of the Thar Desert remains dry for a longer period in the year and is therefore most prone to wind erosion. Due to the high velocity of winds in these areas the dust is blown off with it and deposited on fertile lands causing a problem of shifting sand dunes. The movement of the shifting sand buries fences and blocks roads and railway tracks. Permanent solution to this problem of shifting sand dunes can be provided by fixation of the shifting sand dunes with suitable plant species and planting windbreaks and shelterbelts. They also provide protection from hot or cold and desiccating winds and the invasion of sand. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (873x617, 80 KB) Summary self created image Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (873x617, 80 KB) Summary self created image Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Binomial name Simmondsia chinensis Jojoba, Simmondsia chinensis, is a shrub which grows in Arizona and adjacent parts of Mexico and is grown for the liquid wax (commonly called oil) in its seeds, which is similar to sebum, does not go rancid, and is therefore used in cosmetics as a moisturizer... Fatehpur is a town of Sikar district in Rajasthan, India. ... This article is about the sand formations, for other meanings see Dune (disambiguation) Mesquite Flat Dunes in Death Valley National Park In physical geography, a dune is a hill of sand built by eolian (wind-related) processes. ...

Checking of shifting sand dunes through plantations of Acacia tortilis near Laxmangarh town
Checking of shifting sand dunes through plantations of Acacia tortilis near Laxmangarh town

The local tree species for planting in the desert region are not many and they are also very slow growing. The introduction of exotic tree species in the desert for plantation has become necessary. Many species of Eucalyptus, Acacia, Cassia and other genera have been tried from Israel, Australia, USA, Russia, Southern Rhodesia, Chile, Peru, Sudan etc. in Thar Desert Acacia tortilis has proved to be the most promising species for desert afforestation and has helped in checking the spread of desert soils to other areas and fixing of sand dunes. The jojoba is one other promising species of economic value found suitable for planting in these areas. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (868x607, 96 KB) Summary Self created image Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (868x607, 96 KB) Summary Self created image Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Binomial name Acacia tortilis Hayne Umbrella Thorn Acacia (Acacia tortilis) is a medium to large canoped tree native primarily to the savannahs of Africa (especially Sudan), but also occurring in the Middle East. ... Laxmangarh is a town in Sikar district of Rajasthan in India. ... A plantation is an intentional planting of a crop, on a larger scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. ... Southern Rhodesia was the name of the British colony situated immediately to the north of South Africa, known today as Zimbabwe. ... Binomial name Acacia tortilis Hayne Umbrella Thorn Acacia (Acacia tortilis) is a medium to large canoped tree native primarily to the savannahs of Africa (especially Sudan), but also occurring in the Middle East. ... Binomial name Simmondsia chinensis Jojoba, Simmondsia chinensis, is a shrub which grows in Arizona and adjacent parts of Mexico and is grown for the liquid wax (commonly called oil) in its seeds, which is similar to sebum, does not go rancid, and is therefore used in cosmetics as a moisturizer...


The Rajasthan Canal system is the major irrigation scheme of the Thar Desert and is conceived to reclaim it and also to check spreading of the desert to fertile areas.The river Luni is the only natural water source that drains inside a lake in the desert. Indira Gandhi Canal is one of the biggest canal projects in India and perhaps in the world too. ...


People

The main occupation of the people in desert is agriculture and animal husbandry. In past years there has been a tremendous increase in human population as well as animal population. This has led to improper control of grazing and extensive cultivation resulting into the deterioration of vegetation resources. The increase of human and livestock population in the desert has lead to deterioration in the ecosystem resulting in degradation of soil fertility. The living standard of the people in the desert is low.


Jodhpur, the largest city in the region, lies in the scrub forest zone. Bikaner and Jaisalmer are located in the desert proper. Panoramic view of Jodhpur at night Jodhpur   (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... Bikaner is a city in north-western Rajasthan state in western India. ... Jaisalmer (The Golden City) is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ...


A large irrigation and power project has reclaimed areas of the northern and western desert for agriculture. The small population is mostly pastoral, and hide and wool industries are prominent.


The Indian Desert is mainly inhabited by Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs. The portion in Pakistan is inhabited by primarily by Sindhis and Kolhis. There are around 60% Muslims and 40% Hindus in the Pakistani part of the Thar Desert. A colorful culture rich in tradition prevails in the desert. The people have a great passion for music and poetry. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... A Sikh (IPA: [siːk] or [sɪk]; Punjabi: , , IPA: [sɪk. ... Sindhis are an Indo-Aryan language speaking socio-ethnic group of people originating in Sindh which is part of present day Pakistan. ... Kolhi (Urdu: کولھی) is a Sindhi tribe in Sindh, Pakistan. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


See also

Pokhran is a remote location in Thar Desert region in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ...

References

  • Govt. of India. Ministry of Food & Agriculture booklet (1965)- soil conservation in the Rajasthan Desert- Work of the Desert Afforestation Research station, Jodhpur.
  • Kaul, R.N. (1970). Afforestation in Arid zones (edited): Dr. W. JUNK N.V. Publishers The Hague.
  • Gupta, R.K. & Prakash Ishwar (1975). Environmental analysis of the Thar Desert. English Book Depot., Dehra Dun.
  • Kaul, R.N. (1967). Trees or grass lands in the Rajasthan- Old problems and New approaches. Indian Forester, 93: 434-435.
  • Burdak, L.R. (1982). Recent Advances in Desert Afforestation- Dissertation submitted to Shri R.N. Kaul, Director, Forestry Research, F.R.I., Dehra dun.
  • Yashpal, Sahai Baldev, Sood, R.K., and Agarwal, D.P. (1980). "Remote sensing of the 'lost' Saraswati river." Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences (Earth and Planet Science), V. 89, No. 3, pp. 317-331.
  • Bakliwal , P.C. and Sharma, S.B. (1980). "On the migration of the river Yamuna". Journal of the Geological Society of India, Vol. 21, Sept. 1980, pp. 461-463.
  • Bakliwal, P.C. and Grover, A.K. (1988). "Signature and migration of Sarasvati river in Thar desert, Western India". Record of the Geological Survey of India V 116, Pts. 3-8, pp. 77-86.
  • Rajawat, A.S., Sastry, C.V.S. and Narain, A. (1999-a). Application of pyramidal processing on high resolution IRS-1C data for tracing the migration of the Saraswati river in parts of the Thar desert. in "Vedic Sarasvati, Evolutionary History of a Lost River of Northwestern India", Memoir Geological Society of India, Bangalore, No. 42, pp. 259-272.
  • Ramasamy, S.M. (1999). Neotectonic controls on the migration of Sarasvati river of the Great Indian desert. in "Vedic Sarasvati, Evolutionary History of a Lost River of Northwestern India", Memoir Geological Society of India, Bangalore, No. 42, pp. 153-162.
  • Rajesh Kumar, M., Rajawat, A.S. and Singh, T.N. (2005). Applications of remote sensing for educidate the Palaeochannels in an extended Thar desert, Western Rajasthan, 8th annual International conference, Map India 2005, New Delhi.

External links

     Geography of South Asia     
Himalaya | Western Ghats | Eastern Ghats | Aravalli Range | The Nilgiris | Vindhya Range | Satpura Range | Garo Hills | Shivalik Hills | Khasi Hills | Annamalai Hills | Cardamom Hills | Sulaiman Mountains | Karakoram | Hindu Kush | Chittagong Hill Tracts | Deccan Plateau | Thar Desert | Makran | Chota Nagpur | Naga Hills | Mysore Plateau | Ladakh Plateau
Indo-Gangetic plain | Indus River Delta | Ganga basin | Ganges Delta | Atolls of Maldives | Coromandel Coast | Konkan | Lakshadweep | Andaman and Nicobar Islands | Sundarbans | Rann of Kutch
Main India | Pakistan | Nepal | Bhutan | Sri Lanka | Bangladesh | The Maldives | Portal:Himalaya region


Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3042x2933, 2736 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir) South Asia, also Southern Asia, is a southern geopolitical region of the Asian continent comprising territories on and in proximity to the Indian subcontinent. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x958, 167 KB) India This is a NASA World Wind screenshot. ... Download high resolution version (1000x662, 258 KB)The Himalayan mountain range with Mount Everest as seen from the International Space Station looking south-south-east over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Agasthiyamalai range of the Western Ghats The Western Ghats are a mountain range in India. ... The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains, eroded and cut through by the four major rivers of southern India, the Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Kaveri. ... The Aravali Range The Aravali Range is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state. ... Map of The Nilgiris district The Nilgiris or Blue Mountains, often called The Queen of Hills are a range of mountains and a district in the south-Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. ... The Garo Hills are part of the Garo-Khasi range in Meghalaya, India. ... The Siwalik Hills (sometimes spelled Shiwalik, Shivalik, or Sivalik) are a sub-Himalayan mountain range running 1,600 km long from the Tista River, Sikkim, through Nepal and India, into northern Pakistan. ... The Khasi Hills are part of the Garo-Khasi range in Meghalaya, India. ... Anaimalai hills are a trekking destination in the Western Ghats located in the southern indian state of Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore district, and is known for its abundant wildlife. ... The Cardamom Hills are elevated regions in Kerala, India. ... sorry guys it is unavailable and happens to be deleted--212. ... Located in the mountainous regions of Gilgit, Ladakh & Baltistan, Gilgit and Baltistan are in Pakistan, the Karakoram is one of the great Himalayan mountain ranges, with many of the highest and most daunting peaks of the world. ... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Makran is the southern region of Balochistan, in Iran and Pakistan along the coast of the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. ... The Chota Nagpur Plateau (also Chhota Nagpur) is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa, Bihar, and Chhattisgarh. ... Naga hills, reaching a height of around 3825 meters, lie on the border of India and Myanmar. ... The Mysore Plateau, also known as the South Karnataka Plateau, is one of the four geographically unique regions of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Tikse monastery, Ladakh Ladakh is the largest district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, covering more than half the area of the state (of which it is the eastern part). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1023x505, 196 KB) Summary Dabhol beach as seen from the ferry when crossing over from Guhaghar. ... The Indo-Gangetic Plain is a rich, fertile and ancient land encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the most populous parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh. ... Indus River Delta The Indus River Delta occurs where the Indus River flows into the Arabian Sea in Pakistan. ... The Ganga basin is a part of the composite Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin, which drains an area of 1,086,000 square kilometres. ... Ganges Delta The Ganges Delta is a river delta in the south Asia region of Bengal, consisting of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal, India. ... Each administrative atoll is marked, along with the thaana letter used to identify the atoll. ... The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. ... A typical view of the Konkan, consisting of white-sand beaches and palm trees (mostly coconut and betel nut). ... Lakshadweep (Malayalam: ലക്ഷദ്വീപ് []) is the smallest Union Territory of India. ... Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair The Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Tamil: அந்தமான், Hindi: अंडमान और निकोबार द्वीप) is a union territory of India. ... Ganges River Delta, Bangladesh and India The Sundarbans delta is the largest mangrove forest in the world. ... Rann of Kutch on the Top Left. ... Maldives is a country of South Asia, situated in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India. ...

State of Rajasthan
Rajasthan Topics
Capital Jaipur
Divisions Ajmer | Bharatpur | Bikaner | Jaipur | Jodhpur | Kota | Udaipur
Districts Ajmer | Alwar | Banswara | Baran | Barmer | Bhilwara | Bikaner | Bharatpur | Bundi | Chittorgarh | Churu | Dausa | Dholpur | Dungarpur | Ganganagar | Hanumangarh | Jaipur | Jaisalmer | Jalore | Jhalawar | Jhunjhunu | Jodhpur | Karauli | Kota | Nagaur | Pali | Rajsamand | Sawai Madhopur | Sikar | Sirohi | Tonk | Udaipur
Major cities AlwarBhilwaraBikanerJaipurJaisalmerJodhpurUdaipur

  Results from FactBites:
 
Thar Desert,Great Indian Desert,Thar Desert Travel,Thar Desert in Rajasthan India (784 words)
A tract of rolling sand hills, the Thar Desert is bordered by the irrigated Indus plains to the west, the Aravalli Range to the southeast, the Rann of Kachchh to the south, and the Punjab plain to the north and northeast.
Yielding salt and gypsum, the desert is formed due to the scant rainfall received by the region as a result of the dryness of the prevailing monsoon winds.
Stretches of sand in the desert are interspersed by hillocks and sandy and gravel plains.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m