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Encyclopedia > Thanjavur
  ?Thanjavur
Tamil Nadu • India
Map indicating the location of Thanjavur
 Thanjavur 
Coordinates: 10°48′N 79°09′E / 10.8, 79.15
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
36 km² (14 sq mi)
• 2 m (7 ft)
District(s) Thanjavur
Population
Density
215,725 (2001)
• 7,700 /km² (19,943 /sq mi)
Municipal Chairperson Thenmozhi Jayabalan[1]
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 613 001 till 009
• ++914362
• TN 49

Coordinates: 10°48′N 79°09′E / 10.8, 79.15 Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links India_Tamil_Nadu_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Thanjavur district is one of the 30 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Thanjavur (Tamil : தஞ்சாவூர்), also known by its anglicised name Tanjore, is a city and a municipality in Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located about 10 km south of the Kaveri River, Thanjavur is the headquarters of Thanjavur District. Tanjore is the anglicised name of Thanjavur, a city in Tamil Nadu, India Tanjore may also refer to: Tanjore painting, which originated in Thanjavur Tanjore Nayaks, the rulers of Thanjavur between 16th and 19th century C.E Tanjore, a special Air India aircraft which carries the President of India and... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ... Anglicized refers to foreign words, often surnames, that are changed from a foreign language into English. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Thanjavur district is one of the 30 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... This article is about a river. ...


Thanjavur derives its name from Tanjan - an asura (demon) who according to local legend, caused devastation and was killed by Sri Anandavalli Amman and Sri Neelamegapperumal. Tanjan's last request, that the city might be named after him, was granted. Thanjavur has the reputation of being the "Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu". // In Hinduism In Hindu mythology, the Asura (Sanskrit: असुर) are a group of power-seeking deities, sometimes misleadingly referred to as demons. ...

Contents

History

The Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur
The Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur

The Thanjavur area has a rich historical heritage and is a prism of ancient as well as the modern south Indian civilizations. The city was once the stronghold of the historic Cholas and at one time was also the capital of the Cholas, Mutharayars and Marathas when they were at the peak of their power. Since then, Thanjavur has been one of the chief political, cultural and religious centres of South India. The Brihadeeswarar temple [Tamil:PERUVUDIAYAAR TEMPLE] Tamil: (பெருவுடையார் கோவில்) (also spelled Brihadeshvara Temple or Birhadeeshwara temple) ,originally called as Peruvudaiyar Koil in Tamil,[1] is an ancient Hindu temple located at Thanjavur in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... The Cholas were a South Indian Tamil dynasty, antedating the early Sangam literature (c. ... The Cholas were the most famous of the three dynasties that ruled ancient Tamil Nadu. ... The Mudiraju community is found in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu as well. ... Extent of the Maratha Confederacy ca. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ...


Perumbidugu Mutharaiyar ruled his kingdom with Uraiyur as the capital[citation needed]. Later it was ruled by the Nayaks of Vijayanagara and the Maratha rajas. Urayur (Currently in Tiruchirappalli) was the capital of the early Cholas from before the first century CE until the dynasty was revived by Vijayalaya Chola c. ... A Nayak (also Nayaka, Nayaker/Naicker (Tamil) or Nayadu/Naidu (Telegu) or Nair (Malayalam) Nayake/Naike (Sinhala) or Naik (Marathi) ) is the title of a government official, equivalent to a provincial governor or viceroy, in the Telugu kingdoms of southern India, including the Kakatiya kingdom of Warangal (11th-14th centuries... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ...


Thanjavur contains over 90 temples, as it was favored by the Chola rulers between the 1st - 12th centuries, the Nayakas in the 16th century, and the Marathas in the 17th and 18th centuries.[2] The Cholas were the most famous of the three dynasties that ruled ancient Tamil Nadu. ... After the fall of the great Vijayanagara empire established during the reign of Krishna Deva Raya in the deccan plateau of Southern India, military leaders took advantages of the resultant chaos and established kingdoms of their own. ... Extent of the Maratha Confederacy ca. ...


Under the Cholas

Brihadishwara Temple built by Rajaraja Chola I
Brihadishwara Temple built by Rajaraja Chola I

Thanjavur, or Tanjapuri as it was called in the ancient times was chosen by the Mutharayar king and later conquered by Vijayalaya Chola. Vijayalaya built a temple for his favourite goddess Nisumbhasudani in the city. Although subsequent emperors made Kanchipuram a subsidiary capital, Thanjavur maintained its position as the chief city. The great Brihadeeswara Temple, built by Rajaraja Chola I was completed around 1010 AD. It remained the centre of the Chola administration for many years, channelling the state revenue into a number of civic projects. It also acted as a repository of the empire's records, as the great Rajaraja had its walls covered with numerous inscriptions recording his conquests and his endowments to various charities. The impression we get from the inscriptions is of a wealthy, progressive city, although totally dominated by the temple. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x1544, 790 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Brihadeeswarar Temple Prasat Kravan Chau Say Tevoda Baksei Chamkrong Phimeanakas Phnom Bakheng Phnom Krom Phanom Rung historical park... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x1544, 790 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Brihadeeswarar Temple Prasat Kravan Chau Say Tevoda Baksei Chamkrong Phimeanakas Phnom Bakheng Phnom Krom Phanom Rung historical park... The Mudiraju community is found in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu as well. ... Vijayalaya was the Chola king of South India who captured Thanjavur during c. ... , Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... The Brihadisvara temple is an ancient Hindu temple located at Thanjavur in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... Detail of a statue of Rajaraja at Brihadisvara Temple Rajaraja Chola I was the king of the Chola dynasty, who ruled between 985 and 1014 CE. Rajaraja, the greatest of all the Chola rulers of the Vijayalaya dynasty, laid the foundation for the growth of the Chola kingdom into an... Events The Ly Dynasty in Vietnam is established (or 1009). ...


The inscriptions tell us about a number of royal palaces in the city and of the districts where palace servants lived. We also learn the names of a number of streets: the big street of Virasola and the big market of Tribhuvanamadeviyar. During the reign of Rajaraja we learn that the city was divided into two parts: Ullalai (inner) and Purambadi (outer) city. Purambadi could have been an extension to the city built during Rajaraja's reign. Among the new streets built by Rajaraja were two running east to west in front of the Brihadeeswara Temple and called Northern and Southern Talichcheries. People who worked in the temple occupied these streets. There were other temples then, such as the Jayabhima temple and Tanjai Mamani found in the inscriptions, which do not exist anymore. There was also a public hospital attached to a Vishnu temple named after Sundara Chola called Sundarachola Vinnagara Salai which was endowed by Kundavai, the sister of Rajaraja Chola. The Brihadisvara temple is an ancient Hindu temple located at Thanjavur in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... Parantak Chola II (957 c. ...


The influence of Thanjavur began to diminish when Rajendra Chola I built a new city named Gangaikonda Cholapuram and moved his capital there. Rajendra Chola I was the son of Rajaraja Chola I, the great Chola king of South India. ... Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram Gangaikonda Cholapuram is a village in the inland Perambalur district of Tamil Nadu, India. ...


After the Cholas

A Mighty Cannon of forge-welded Iron. This cannon was built during the reign of Raghunatha Nayak (1600 - 1645 CE), and it was located at the defense barricade at the Eastern entrance to the city.
A Mighty Cannon of forge-welded Iron. This cannon was built during the reign of Raghunatha Nayak (1600 - 1645 CE), and it was located at the defense barricade at the Eastern entrance to the city.

After the Cholas the Pandyas conquered the Chola country. Madurai was the Pandya capital and Thanjavur remained in the background, as a province of Vijayanagara empire. Image File history File links RajaGopalaCannon. ... Image File history File links RajaGopalaCannon. ... Thanjavur Nayaks were the rulers of Thanjavur principality of Tamil Nadu between the 16th to the 19th century C.E. Nayakas were subordinates of the imperial Vijayanagara emperors, and were appointed as provincial governors by the Vijaya Nagar Emperor. ... The Cholas were a South Indian Tamil dynasty, antedating the early Sangam literature (c. ... The Pandyan kingdom was an ancient state at the tip of South India, founded around the 6th century BCE. It was part of the Dravidian cultural area, which also comprised other kingdoms such as that of the Pallava, the Chera, the Chola, the Chalukya and the Vijayanagara. ... The Cholas were the most famous of the three dynasties that ruled ancient Tamil Nadu. ... , Madurai   (Tamil: , IPA: ) is a city and a municipal corporation with a city population of 922,913 according to 2001 census. ... Vijayanagara (Kannada: ವಿಜಯನಗರ, English: ) is in Bellary District, northern Karnataka. ...


Later in 1535,the Vijayanagara king installed a Nayak king hence the era of Tanjore Nayaks which lasted till mid-17th century, until attacked by the Madurai Nayaks. Later slipped into the hands of Marathas. Vijayanagara (Kannada: ವಿಜಯನಗರ, English: ) is in Bellary District, northern Karnataka. ... A Nayak (also Nayaka, Nayaker/Naicker (Tamil) or Nayadu/Naidu (Telegu) or Nair (Malayalam) Nayake/Naike (Sinhala) or Naik (Marathi) ) is the title of a government official, equivalent to a provincial governor or viceroy, in the Telugu kingdoms of southern India, including the Kakatiya kingdom of Warangal (11th-14th centuries... TANJORE NAYAK KINGS Tanjore Nayak kings started as viceroys of Vijaynagar dynasty lasted 1535 to 1675,a span of 140 years by only 4 kings each having a lengthy reign. ... The Madurai Nayaks were the rulers of the city and region of Madurai, in India, from 1559 until 1736. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ...


Under the Marathas

Tanjore was conquered by the Marathas in 1674 under Venkaji, the half-brother of Shivaji the Great; his successors ruled as Maharajas of Tanjore. The British first came into contact with Tanjore by their expedition in 1749 with a view to the restoration of a deposed raja of Tanjore Nayak lineage. In this they failed, and a subsequent expedition was bought off. The Maratha rajas held Tanjore until 1799. A Protestant mission at Tanjore was founded in 1778 by the Reverend Christian Friedrich Schwarz. His church dates from 1779. The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... Events February 19 - England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster. ... Shivaji Bhosle, also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle (Marathi: छत्रपती शिवाजीराजे भोसले) (Born:February 19, 1627, Died: March 4, 1680) was the founder of Maratha empire in western India in 1674. ... The Bhonsle or Bhonsale were a prominent Maratha clan who served as rulers of several states in India . ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Year 1778 (MDCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Christian Friedrich Schwarz (also Schwartz) (1726-German Protestant missionary to India, born on October 8, 1726 at Sonnenburg, in the electorate of Brandenburg, Prussia. ...


In October 1799, the district was ceded to the British East India Company in absolute sovereignty by Raja Serfoji II, a pupil of the missionary Schwartz. The raja retained only the capital and a small tract of surrounding country. He died in 1833 and was succeeded by his son Sivaji, on whose death in 1855 without an heir the house became extinct. The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... Champion Of Arts, Skills & Healthcare - Serfoji II Rajah Serfoji II (1777–1832) was the Maratha ruler of the Kingdom Of Tanjore (also known as Thanjavur). He was a descendant of Shivaji. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1855 (MDCCCLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Geography

Thanjavur is located at 10.8° N 79.15° E[3]. It has an average elevation of 2 metres (6 feet). The city lies on the Kaveri River basin, 200 miles south of Chennai. This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about a river. ... Madras redirects here. ...


The city proper is primarily divided into two parts separated by a flyover. The Downtown [known as Old Town or simply Town] is the business district. The other side of the flyover is the residential area called the Medical College area, which is a relatively new neighbourhood. The various neighbourhoods are Palliagraharam, Karanthai, Town, Vilar, Nanjikottai Road, Manambuchavadi, Pookkara Street, Medical College, Old Housing Unit, New Housing Unit, Gnanam Nagar and Srinivasapuram.


The extension areas include Mariamman Koil, Kattuthottam, Nanjikottai, Madhakottai, Tamil University, Pillaiyarpatti and Nilagirivattam. The total population of the composite city touches 500,000 (unofficial figure) and it encompasses Vallam to Mariamman Koil (west - east) and Vayalur to the Air Force Station (north-south) for an area of about 100 km². The Tamil language, in the south of India is known for its antiquity, its richness of vocabulary and its great classical literature. ...


The Grand Anaicut Canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and Vennaaru rivers flow through the town.


Nearby Towns

Tiruchirapalli (also spelled Tiruchchirappalli, commonly known as Tiruchi or Trichy, formerly known as Trichinopoly under British rule) is a city situated on the banks of the Kaveri river, centrally located in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... , Kumbakonam (Tamil: கும்பகோணம்) is a city and a municipality in the Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Thiruvaiyaru : Situated on the banks of the river Kaveri, 13kms from Thanjavur, Thiruvaaiyaru has an old Shiva temple dedicated to Panchanatheeswar. ... Thiruvarur is an administrative district in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. ... Nagapattinam is a city, taluk, and District on the coast of Tamil Nadu, India. ... , Mannargudi (also spelt Mannarkudi) is a city and a municipality in Thiruvarur district (formerly part of Thanjavur district) in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... , Perambalur is a Municipality town in Perambalur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Vailankanni, also known as Velankanni, is a small town located on the shores of the Bay of Bengal 350 km south of Chennai (Madras) and 12 km south of Nagapattinam on the Coromandel Coast, in Tamil Nadu, India. ... Vedaranyam is a panchayat town in Nagapattinam district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Pattukkottai is a city and a municipality in Thanjavur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Pudukkottai (Tamil:புதுக்கோட்டை) is a city and a municipality in Pudukkottai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ...

Places of interest

Entrance of the Brihadishwara Temple in Thanjavur
Entrance of the Brihadishwara Temple in Thanjavur

Thanjavur is home to the famous Brihadeeswara Temple, one of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Thanjavur is famous for the Brihadishwara Temple (or Brihadeeswara temple) built by Rajaraja Chola during the 11th century [4]. The Brihadishwara Temple, also known as the Big Temple, is one of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The temple is enclosed in two courts, surmounted by a lofty tower and including the exquisitely decorated shrine of Murugan. Among the other historic buildings is the Vijayanagara fort, which contains a palace that was expanded by the Maratha king Serfoji II with an armoury, a Bell Tower and the Saraswathi Mahal Library, which contains over 30,000 Indian and European manuscripts written on palm leaf and paper. Also built by Serfoji II is the Manora Fort, a monumental tower, situated about 65 km away from Thanjavur. The Brihadisvara temple is an ancient Hindu temple located at Thanjavur in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Rajaraja Chola the first is considered the greatest of all Chola kings. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Murugan (also Murugan) (Tamil: ) is a popular Hindu deity amongst Tamil Hindus. ... Vijayanagara (Kannada: ವಿಜಯನಗರ, English: ) is in Bellary District, northern Karnataka. ... Champion Of Arts, Skills & Healthcare - Serfoji II Rajah Serfoji II (1777–1832) was the Maratha ruler of the Kingdom Of Tanjore (also known as Thanjavur). He was a descendant of Shivaji. ... Saraswathi Mahal Library, situated near the darbar of king contains rare manuscripts of books in variety of subjects that include literature, history, poems, etc. ...

  • "Tanjore (Tamil Nadu)", Jacques-Edouard Berger Foundation, World Art Treasures

Arts and Culture

Bell Tower
Bell Tower

Thanjavur is one of the chief political, literary and religious centres of southern India, known for its contribution to Carnatic music, it has produced many classical musicians and Bharathanatyam dancers. It has become the second most important site for the annual Natyanjali dance festival. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2409x1622, 1263 KB)Bell Tower inside the Thanjavur Palace Photo created (scanned & GIMPed) : 26 September 2005 Photo taken : 24 September 2005 Photographer : Navendu File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2409x1622, 1263 KB)Bell Tower inside the Thanjavur Palace Photo created (scanned & GIMPed) : 26 September 2005 Photo taken : 24 September 2005 Photographer : Navendu File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... Bharatanatyam[1] is a classical dance form originating from Tamil Nadu[2][3][4][5][6], a state in Southern India. ... Annual classical Indian dance festival timed to Shiva Ratri. ...


Tiruvaiyaru, which is close to Thanjavur, is the place where the great musician Saint Tyagaraja lived. Here in Tiruvaiyaru every year in the tamil month of 'Thai'(second half of January) Thyagaraja Aradhana will be held where musicians from all over the country will participate. Sri Tyagaraja (శ్రీ త్యాగరాజ) (17??-1848), an ardent devotee of Sri Ramachandra, was one of the most important composers of Carnatic music. ...


Tanjore is well known for bronze sculptures and its unique painting style called Tanjore Painting, a percussion instrument called the Thavil, a divine classical string instrument Veenai and the Thanjavur Dolls[5]. A Tanjore Painting depicting Goddess Saraswati A rare Tanjore style painting from the late 19th century depicting the ten Sikh Gurus with Bhai Bala and Bhai Mardana. ... The Thavil The thavil is a barrel shaped percussion instrument from South India. ... Veenai The veenai is one of the most ancient string instruments of India. ...


The Tanjore paintings are very popular and are renown around the world. The artists use a combination of canvas background with glass, metals, etc. to depict and decorate various scenes from Hindu mythology. A Tanjore Painting depicting Goddess Saraswati A rare Tanjore style painting from the late 19th century depicting the ten Sikh Gurus with Bhai Bala and Bhai Mardana. ...


Tanjore plates which are made of color glass pieces which are aesthetically cut and embedded on velvet cloth. It will have god image or birds at the center.


Demographics

Thanjavur which is called as "A Land of Regal Glory and Cultural Heritage", is one of the bigger cities in the state of Tamil Nadu with a population of 221,185 (est. 2008). It has an area of 36 km². Ethnically most of the people are Tamils. There is also a large Telugu speaking population along with Saurashtrians and Thanjavur Marathi people. As of 2001 India census[6], Thanjavur had a population of 215,725. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Thanjavur has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 76%. In Thanjavur, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age. Soon, This Thanjavur Municipality is going to be converted into Corporation, due to Tremendous Development of The town. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Saurashtra, more correctly, Sauraṣṭri or Sauraṣṭram or Sourashtra, also known as Palkar, Sowrashtra, Saurashtram, is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in parts of the Southern Indian State of Tamil Nadu. ... The Thanjavur Marathis are a community of Indo-Aryan Maharashtrians who migrated south, along with Shivajis half brother Venkoji, to the great land of Thanjavur in India back in the 1600s. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


Employment

Thanjavur District is the rice bowl of Tamil Nadu. As a result, most of the people in Thanjavur District are farmers. Many of these farmers are tenant farmers, who work the lands of a landlord and pay rent for their property.


In the city of Thanjavur there are a large number of doctors due to the presence of a 50-year old medical college. The first M.B.B.S. doctor of this city was the late Dr. N. Ramanathan, who served as a general practitioner of medicine from 1938 to 1988. There is a bus stop with his name, near his hospital. There are also a large number of professors working in the various professional and arts colleges around the city.


Education

Thanjavur is renowned for its culture of education. It is home to the famous Saraswati Mahal library which dates back to the end of the 16th century and contains over 30,000 rare manuscripts. It has now been fully computerized. St. Peter's, founded in the 18th century by Schwartz, is a renowned school. Currently, Thanjavur has four universities, viz., the Tamil University, Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy, Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Institute Of Science & Technology and Periyar Maniammai University and several colleges including the renowned Thanjavur Medical College. This city also has many research centres, including the Paddy Processing Research Centre and Soil and Water Research Centre. The Tamil language, in the south of India is known for its antiquity, its richness of vocabulary and its great classical literature. ... Computer Science Department at SASTRA (named as Chith Vihar) Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy, SASTRA, is a university located in the city of Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India. ...


Universities

  • Tamil University
  • SASTRA University (formerly Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy). Sastra has a well developed sprawling campus on a 500 acre site and is an accredited Research and Development Centre under the President's Technology Mission - TIFAC CORE. Sastra has collaborations and exchange programs with many reputable universities abroad.[7]
  • Periyar Maniammai University - proven record of academic excellence in all its programmes and an impressive track record in Engineering Education for over 20 years. It has an ideal setting for teaching, learning and research with high-tech facilities in its vast lush green and clean campus.[8]
  • PRIST University (Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Institute of Science and Technology).[9]

The Tamil language, in the south of India is known for its antiquity, its richness of vocabulary and its great classical literature. ... Computer Science Department at SASTRA (named as Chith Vihar) Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy, SASTRA, is a university located in the city of Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India. ...

Autonomous Colleges

  • A.V.V.M Sri Pushapam College (Autonomous) poondi, Thanjavur Dt. (A.Veeraiya Vandaiyar Memorial Sri Pushpam College was established in 1956 in a village Poondi, 12 km from Thanjavur on the way to Nagapattinam in Tamilnadu state in India on the National High Way 67. The college campus is 85 acres large and has NAAC accreditation with status of four stars.
  • Rajah Serfoji Govt. College
  • Kundhavai Nachiar Govt. College

Colleges

  • Medical and Paramedical
    • Thanjavur Medical College
    • Mannai Narayanasamy College
    • Arasu Paramedical College
    • Konagarnadu College of Nursing
    • Rajah's College, Thiruvaiyaru
  • Engineering
    • Anjalai Ammal Mahalingam Engineering College(AAMEC)
    • Ponnaiyah Ramajayam College Of Engineering and Technology(PRCET)
    • Periyar Maniyammai College of Technology for Women
    • P R Engineering College(PREC)
    • King's College of Engineering (KCE)
    • St.Josephs College Of Engineering and Technology
  • Arts, Science and Management
    • Rajah Serfoji Government Arts College, Thanjavur
    • Kundhavai Nachiar Government Arts College
    • Ponnaiyah Ramajayam College(PRC) and P. R. Institute of Management
    • Tamilvel Umamaheshwaranar Karanthai Arts College
    • A.V.V.M Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous)
    • Na. Mu. Venkatasamy Nattar College
    • Nalli Kuppusamy College
    • Bharath College of Science and Management
    • Marudhupandiar College
    • Madha Sami Arul College
    • Adaikala Matha College and Adaikalamatha Institute of Management
    • Bon Secours College
    • Abi & Abi College of Arts and Science
  • Polytechnics
    • Periyar Centenary Polytechnic
    • Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Polytechnic college
    • Vandayar Polytechnic
    • CCMR Polytechnic
  • Teacher Training Institutes
    • Dr. S. R. J.College of Education
    • Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Teacher Training Institute(PRTTI)
    • Ponnaiyah Ramajayam College of Education(PRCE)
    • Maruthu Pandiar College of Education
    • Bon Secours College of Education
  • Famous Schools
    • Kalyanasundaram Higher Secondary School (Established in 1893)
    • Don Bosco Matriculation higher secondary school
    • Kamala Subramaniam Matriculation Higher Secondary School
    • Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Public School
    • Auxilium
    • Sacred Heart Convent
    • Sri Venkateswara matriculation higher secondary school
    • Blake Higher Secondary School
    • Veeraragava Higher Secondary School
    • Umamaheswara Higher Secondary School
    • Rajahs Higher Secondary School
    • St.Joseph
    • St.Antonys Higher secondary school
    • St.Peters
    • Maxwell matriculation higher secondary school
    • Seventh-Day matriculation higher secondary school
    • Maharishi Vidhya Mandir higher secondary school
    • Hidhayath Matriculation School
    • Sir sivaswami Balavidyalaya Matriculation Higher Secondary School

Transportation Infrastructure

Crowded bus
Crowded bus

Highways

Thanjavur is well connected with other parts of the state by Road. Three National Highways connect Thanjavur to various parts of the country like Chennai, Nagapattinam, Tiruchirapalli, Coimbatore, Mysore etc.


The Thanjavur-Trichy part of NH67 is being taken up for the Four-Laning project which would be followed by the Thanjavur-Nagapattinam segment.


National Highways

  • NH 67 Nagapattinam-Tiruvarur-Thanjavur-Tiruchirappalli-Karur-Coimbatore-Ooty-Mysore
  • NH 45C Thanjavur-Kumbakonam-Sethiathope-Neyveli-Panruti-Vikravandi NH45 Junction
  • NH 226 Thanjavur-Pudukottai-Sivaganga-Manamadurai

State Highways

  • SH 27 Thanjavur-Thiruvaiyaru-Ariyalur-Perambalur
  • SH 28 Thanjavur-Pattukottai-Aranthangi-Karaikudi-Paramakudi-Mudhukulathur-Sayalkudi
  • SH 63 Thanjavur-Mannargudi-Thiruthuraipoondi-Vedaranyam-Kodiakkarai

Thanjavur City has excellent town bus service. There are two bus termini, one for Town buses(Old Bus Stand) and the other for mofussil buses (New Bus Stand), from where there are frequent buses to Chennai, Trichy, Madurai and various other parts of the state. The Thanjavur-Trichy mofussil bus route is the most travelled in the state and there are frequent buses from both cities all through the day.


The State Express Transport Corporation operates buses to Chennai, Bangalore, Ernakulam, Marthandam, Nagercoil,Tirupathi,Thiruvananthapuram,Ooty and to various other parts of the state.


Railways

Thanjavur is one of the main Railway Junctions in Southern Railway. It is connected with Chennai(popularly called as the Main line) via Kumbakonam,Mayiladuthurai,Cuddalore and Villupuram. It is also connected with Nagore in the East and Tiruchirappalli in the West.


Flights

In early 1990s, Thanjavur was connected with Chennai via the Vayudoot Flight Service, which was stopped due to poor patronage. Now a full fledged Air Force Station is coming up at Thanjavur to station Fighter (aircraft) and Sukhoi jets and is expected to include civil service for passengers. The Thanjavur Air Force Station will likely start its operation by 2008-end. A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... Sukhoi (pronounced [suk-oi]) (Сухой) is a major Russian military fighter aircraft manufacturer. ...


Top Government Officials

  1. Deputy Inspector General of Police.. Mr Abhash Kumar IPS
  2. District Collector.. Mr Vijayaraj Kumar IAS
  3. District Superintendent of Police Mr Amit Kumar Singh IPS

This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

Entertainment and Cinema

Major Parks

  1. Sivaganga Park
  2. Rajarajan Manimandapam
  3. Tamil Conference Memorial Tower at Tholkappiar Square

Cinema

  1. GV Studio City A/C DTS - a 5 Screen Multiplex(Shanthi,Kamala,Shivaji,Gee Vee,Gee Vee Gold)
  2. Rajarajan A/C DTS
  3. Vijaya A/C DTS
  4. Jupiter A/C DTS
  5. Arul A/C DTS
  6. Yagappa 70mm DTS
  7. Raja Kalaiarangam
  8. Rani Paradise (AdLabs - Reliance)
  9. Thiruvalluvar
  10. Parveen
  11. Kumaran

Popular personalities from in and around Thanjavur

  1. Dr. R. Venkataraman - Former President of the Republic of India
  2. Thiru U. V. Swaminatha Iyer(Tamil Thatha) - Tamil scholar
  3. Nadigar Thilagam Pathmashree Sivaji Ganesan - actor
  4. Thiru G.K. Moopanar - late founder Tamil Maanila Congress
  5. Thiru. S.S. Palanimanickam - Union Minister of State for Finance (Revenue)
  6. Thiru G.K. Vasan - Union Minister of State for Statistics and Prog Imp (Independent Charge)
  7. Dr.N.Ramachandran - Vice-Chancellor , Periyar Maniammai University
  8. Thiru. Rt. Hon. Srinivasa Sastri - Known as the Silver Tongued for proficiency in English
  9. S.Shankar - Famous Tamil Film Director
  10. Thiru.Madan - cartoonist
  11. SVe.Shekar - actor
  12. Kalaingar M Karunanidhi - (He is from Thiruvarur which was part of Thanjavur before 1990's)

Ramaswamy Venkataraman (born 4 December 1910) was the President of India between 1987 and 1992. ... Dr. U.V. Swaminatha Iyer Dr. U. V. Swaminatha Iyer (Uttamadhanapuram Venkatasubbaiyer Swaminatha Iyer Tamil: உத்தமதானபுரம் வேங்கடசுப்பையர் சாமிநாதையர்), 1855 – 1942 C.E., was a Tamil scholar and researcher who was instrumental in bringing many long-forgotten works of classical Tamil literature to light. ... Ganesan in Thayaipola Pillai Noolaipola Selai, 1959 Sivaji Ganesan (October 1, 1927 - July 21, 2001) was a famous Indian actor and politician. ... G.K. Moopanar (Tamil: ) (1931-2001) was a senior Tamil Nadu politician with ties to the Indian National Congress. ... The Tamil Maanila Congress was a political party in Tamil Nadu. ... S.S. Palanimanickam (born 15 August 1970) is a member of the 14th Lok Sabha of India. ... G K Vasan, an Indian political figure, is the son of late Tamil Maanila Congress party leader G K Moopanar. ... Rt. ...

References

  1. ^ The Hindu dated 29 October 2006
  2. ^ Brihadeeswarar Temple. Retrieved on 2006-09-14.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Thanjavur
  4. ^ The Handbook of India By Publications Division, India, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
  5. ^ Thanjavur Dolls in Action (Animation)
  6. ^ Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional). Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.
  7. ^ http://www.sastra.edu Sastra University
  8. ^ http://www.pmu.edu Periyar Maniammai University
  9. ^ http://www.prist.ac.in PRIST University

[1]District Development Authority,Thanjavur Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Thanjavur Tour, Pilgrimage to Thanjavur, Thanjavur Religious Tour, Religious Tours of South India (1692 words)
The Brihadeeswara Temple in Thanjavur is an architectural wonder and reflects the artistic skills of the erstwhile Chola rulers who ruled peninsular India in the early medieval period.
Built by the Chola king Rajaraja I in the 11th century, it is one of the tallest temples in the world.
Road: Thanjavur is well connected by road with all the major towns and cities in Tamil Nadu and also with Kochi, Ernakulam, and Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala and Bangalore in Karnataka.
Thanjavur - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1281 words)
Thanjavur (தஞ்சாவூர் in Tamil), formerly known as Tanjore, is a city in Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India.
Thanjavur is one of the chief political, literary and religious centres of southern India, known for its contribution to Carnatic music, it has produced many classical musicians and Bharathanatyam dancers.
Thanjavur, or Tanjapuri as it was called in the ancient times was chosen by Vijayalaya Chola as the seat of his new kingdom in 848 CE.
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