The Thamud (Arabic: ثمود) were an early Arabian people. Their name is mentioned in Assyrian annals (Tamudi), in a Greek temple inscription from the northwest Hijaz of 169 AD, in a 5th-century Byzantine source, and in early graffiti around Tayma, as well as (arguably) an Eblaite tablet; from these sources, it seems that the Thamud were a tribe living somewhere between Mecca and Tayma. They are mentioned in the Qur'an as rejecting their Prophet Saleh and being destroyed by God as a result. The Arabic language (Arabic: â translit: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: â translit: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Assyrian Empire Assyria in earliest historical times referred to a region on the Upper Tigris river, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur. ... Hejaz (also Hijaz, Hedjaz) is a region in the northwest of present-day Saudi Arabia; its main city is Jeddah, but it is probably better-known for the holy city of Mecca. ... For other uses, see number 169. ... Tayma or (Tema) is a large oasis with a long tradition of occupation, located in Saudi Arabia northeast of the Hijaz at the point where the trade route between Yathrib (Medina) and Dumah begins to cross the Nefud desert. ... Ebla is not to be confused with Elba. ... Mecca IPA: or Makkah (in full: Makkah al-Mukarramah; Arabic: â, Turkish: Mekke) is the capital city of Saudi Arabias Makkah province, in the historic Hijaz region. ... Tayma or (Tema) is a large oasis with a long tradition of occupation, located in Saudi Arabia northeast of the Hijaz at the point where the trade route between Yathrib (Medina) and Dumah begins to cross the Nefud desert. ... The QurÄn  (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also called The Noble Quran; also transliterated as Quran, Koran (the traditional term in English), and Al-Quran), is the central religious text of Islam. ... Saleh (Arabic: ØµØ§ÙØ) is a prophet of Islam and is mentioned in the Quran. ...
Lipinski, Edward (2001). Semitic Languages: Outlines of a Comparative Grammar, 2nd ed., Leuven: Orientalia Lovanensia Analecta, 75.
Categories: History of Saudi Arabia | Muslim history | Arab groups | Islam stubs | Middle Eastern history stubs
4The script was first identified in a region in north central Yemen that is known as Thamud, which is bound to the north by the Rub'al Khali, to the south by the Hadramaut and to the west by Shabwah.
It is very significant that some remains of Thamud were found in the region where 'Ad had lived, especially around the region where the Hadramites, the descendants of 'Ad, lived and where their capital city stood.
Thamud were destroyed with a terrible punishment just like all the other peoples both before and after them who denied the Truth.
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