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Encyclopedia > Thaler
Examples of German and Austrian Thalers compared to a US quarter piece (bottom center)
Examples of German and Austrian Thalers compared to a US quarter piece (bottom center)

The Thaler (or Taler) was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years. Its name lives on in various currencies as the dollar or tolar. Etymologically, "Thaler" is an abbreviation of "Joachimsthaler", a coin type from the city of Joachimsthal in Bohemia, where some of the first such coins were minted in 1518. Various thalers from Germany and Austria with size comparison to a United States quarter (bottom center). ... Various thalers from Germany and Austria with size comparison to a United States quarter (bottom center). ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... A year is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... United States one-dollar bill Canadian one-dollar coin (Loonie) One New Taiwan dollar Australian one-dollar coin 500 old Zimbabwean dollars The dollar (represented by the dollar sign: $ which comprises a single vertical line through a capital S) is the name of the official currency in several countries, dependencies... ISO 4217 Code SIT User(s) Slovenia Inflation 0. ... Jáchymov (originally Thal, later Sankt Joachimsthal in German) is a spa town in the Czech Republic, located at the St. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ...

Contents

Origin

The roots and development of the Thaler-sized silver coin date back to the mid-1400s. As the fifteenth century drew to a close the state of much of Europe's coinage was quite poor because of repeated debasement induced by the costs of continual warfare, and by the incessant centuries-long loss of silver and gold in indirect one-sided trades importing spices and porcelain and silk and other fine cloths and exotic goods from India, Indonesia and the Far East. This continual debasement had reached a point that silver content in Groschen-type coins had dropped, in some cases, to less than five percent, making the coins of much less individual value than they had in the beginning. Events and Trends Categories: 1400s ... Debasement is the practice of lowering the value of currency. ... For other uses of War, see War (disambiguation). ... Screen shot of Spice OPUS, a fork of Berkeley SPICE SPICE (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis) is a general purpose analog circuit simulator. ... “Fine China” redirects here. ... Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. ... The groschen was a coin used in various German speaking states. ...


Countering this trend, with the discovery and mining of silver deposits in Europe, Italy began the first tentative steps toward a large silver coinage with the introduction in 1472 of the lira tron in excess of six grams, a substantial increase over the, roughly, four-gram gros tournois of France. February 20 - Orkney and Shetland are returned by Norway to Scotland, due to a defaulted dowry payment Possible discovery of Bacalao (possibly Newfoundland, North America) by João Vaz Corte-Real. ... Lira is the name of the monetary unit of a number of countries, as well as the former currency of Italy, San Marino and the Vatican City. ... BIC pen cap, about 1 gram. ...


In 1474 a nine gram lira was issued but it was in 1484 that Archduke Sigismund of Tyrol issued the first truly revolutionary silver coin, the half Guldengroschen of roughly 15½ grams. This was a very rare coin, almost a trial piece, but it did circulate so successfully that demand could not be met. Events December 12 - Upon the death of Henry IV of Castile a civil war ensues between his designated successor Isabella I of Castile and her sister Juana who was supported by her husband, Alfonso V of Portugal. ... Events January 25 - Peter Arbues, chief of the Spanish Inquisition, is assassinated when he is praying in the cathedral at Saragossa, Spain July 6 - Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of Congo River December 5 - Pope Innocent VIII gives the inquisition a mission to hunt heretics and... An engraving by W. Killian, 1623 Sigismund of Austria (October 26, 1427 in Innsbruck – March 4, 1496 ibid) was a Habsburg archduke of Austria and regent of Tirol from 1446 to 1490. ... Coat of arms of Tyrol: *[1] The Tyrol is a historical region in Western Central Europe, which includes the Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East Tyrol) and the Italian regions known as the South Tyrol and Trentino. ...


Finally, with the silver deposits—being mined at Schwaz—to work with and his mint at Hall, Sigismund issued, in 1486, large numbers of the first true Thaler-sized coin, the Guldengroschen (great gulden, being of silver but equal in value to a Goldgulden). Schwaz, Fuggerhaus, residence of the Fugger family, built in 1525 Schwaz, Tyrol, Austria Schwaz is a city in Tyrol, Austria. ... Hall in Tirol is a town in Austria. ... Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies. ... An official restrike of the 1486 Tiroler Guldengroschen The guldengroschen was a large silver coin originally minted in Tirol in 1486. ...


The Guldengroschen, nicknamed the guldiner, was an instant and unqualified success. Soon it was being copied widely by many states who had the necessary silver. The engravers, no less affected by the Renaissance than were other artists, began creating intricate and elaborate designs featuring the heraldric arms and standards of the minting state as well as brutally realistic, sometimes unflattering, depictions of the ruler (monarch). The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of activities to do with creating art, practising the arts and/or demonstrating an art. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The Joachimsthaler

By 1518 guldiners were popping up everywhere in central Europe. In Bohemia, a part of the Holy Roman Empire then controlled by the Habsburg monarchs, a guldiner was minted—of similar physical size but slightly less fineness—that was named the Joachimsthaler from the silver mined at a rich source near Joachimsthal (St. Joachim's Valley, Czech: Jáchymov) (now in the Czech Republic) where Thal (Tal) means "valley" in German. Joachim, the father of the Virgin Mary, was portrayed on the coin. This new Thaler was finally the coin that Europe was looking for to create a standard for commerce. This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... A mint is a facility which manufactures coins for currency. ... Jáchymov (originally Thal, later Sankt Joachimsthal in German) is a spa town in the Czech Republic, located at the St. ... Spa at the beginning of 20th century, photographed by Å echtl and Voseček For other places called Joachimsthal, see Joachimsthal (disambiguation) Jáchymov (IPA: ; in German originally Thal, later Sankt Joachimsthal or Joachimsthal, as it is also known in English) is a spa town in north-west Bohemia in the... In 1999 Lingon uppfinnade a apparate that could makea kaka in 1minute. ... Saint Mary and Saint Mary the Virgin both redirect here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Later German Thaler

17th Century Thaler coin from Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel with the traditional woodwose design on coins from the mints in the Harz Mountains
17th Century Thaler coin from Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel with the traditional woodwose design on coins from the mints in the Harz Mountains

The zenith of Thaler minting occurred in the late 16th and 17th centuries with the so-called "multiple Thalers", often called lösers in Germany. The first were minted in Brunswick, and indeed the majority were struck there. Some of these coins reached colossal size, as much as sixteen normal thalers. The original reason for minting these colossal coins, some of which exceeded a full pound (over 450g) of silver and being over 12 cm in diameter, is uncertain. The name "löser" most likely was derived from a large gold coin minted in Hamburg called the Portugalöser, worth 10 ducats. Some of the silver löser reached this value, but not all. Eventually the term was applied to numerous similar coins worth more than a single Thaler. These coins are very rare, the larger ones often costing tens of thousands of dollars, and are highly sought after by serious collectors of Thalers. Few circulated in any real sense so they often remain in well-preserved condition. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 616 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (850 × 827 pixel, file size: 201 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Woodwose (German Wilder Mann) on a thaler from Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in modern Germany. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 616 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (850 × 827 pixel, file size: 201 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Woodwose (German Wilder Mann) on a thaler from Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in modern Germany. ... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... Woodwoses support coats of arms in the side panels of a portrait by Albrecht Dürer, 1499 (Alte Pinakothek, Munich) Grand arms of Prussia, 1873 The Woodwose or hairy wildman of the woods was the Sasquatch figure of pre-Christian Gaul, in Anglo-Saxon a Woodwoses appear in the carved... The Harz is a mountain range in northern Germany. ... The pound (abbreviations: lb or, sometimes in the United States, #) is a unit of mass in a number of different systems, including various systems of units of mass that formed part of English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


In the Holy Roman Empire, the Thaler was used as the standard against which the various states' currencies could be valued. One standard was the Reichsthaler, which contained one ninth of a Cologne mark of silver. In 1754, the Conventionsthaler was introduced, containing one tenth of a Cologne mark of silver. The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... The Reichsthaler began as a subsidiary denomination to the Conventionsthaler, introduced in the Holy Roman Empire in 1754. ... The Cologne mark was a unit of weight equivalent to 233. ... The Conventionstaler was a standard silver coin of the Holy Roman Empire. ...


Prussia used a Thaler containing one fourteenth of a Cologne mark of silver. In 1837, the Prussian Thaler became part of a new currency used in southern Germany and the Rhineland, with the Gulden (equal to 4/7 Thaler) as the standard unit of account. By 1850, nearly all German states used this standard of Thaler, though with various different subdivisions. Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... The Thaler (sometimes Reichsthaler) was the currency of Prussia until 1857. ... The Rhineland (Rheinland in German) is the general name for the land on both sides of the river Rhine in the west of Germany. ... The gulden was the currency of the states of southern Germany between 1754 and 1873. ...


In 1857, the Vereinsthaler was adopted in the Austro-Hungarian Empire and through most of Germany. Vereinsthalers continued to be issued until 1872 in Germany and 1867 in Austria-Hungary. Maria Theresa thaler was still used during 20th century in Abyssinia and throughout Middle East. The Vereinsthaler (union thaler) was a standard silver coin used in most German states and the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the years prior to German unification. ... Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Maria Theresa thaler. ... This article needs cleanup. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Dutch daalder

In the Netherlands, the daalder and rijksdaalder circulated alongside the gulden at values of 1½ and 2½ gulden. The rijksdaalder depicted a lion; hence its Dutch name was leeuwendaler (German löwenthaler). These coins circulated in Romania and gave their name to the currencies of both Romania and Moldova, the leu. In the Netherlands, the name rijksdaalder lived on until the gulden was replaced by the euro in 2002. The rijksdaalder was an 18th century Dutch coin worth 2½ gulden or 50 stuiver. ... The gulden (sometimes called guilder in English), represented by the symbol Æ’ or fl. ... Leu (plural: lei) is the name shared by the currencies of Romania and Moldova. ... ISO 4217 Code EUR User(s) Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Portugal, San Marino, Slovenia, Spain, Vatican City Inflation 1. ...


Scandinavian taler

The Thaler was introduced and became the most widespread currency in Scandinavia under the name daler during the early 17th century. Various daler circulated, including the Danish rigsdaler, the Swedish riksdaler and the Norwegian speciedaler. These daler circulated in Denmark and Sweden until 1873 when they were replaced by the Danish krone and Swedish krona, the new currencies introduced by the Scandinavian Monetary Union. Norway joined the Monetary Union and introduced the Norwegian krone in 1876. Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... The daler or the Riksdaler was the name of the currency used in Sweden until 1873 when it was replaced with the krona as an effect of the Scandinavian Monetary Union. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Rigsdaler was the unit of currency used in Denmark until 1873 and in Norway until 1816. ... The Riksdaler was the name of the currency used in Sweden until 1873 when it was replaced with the krona as an effect of the Scandinavian Monetary Union. ... The speciedaler was a Norwegian coin, initially equivalent to the Danish rigsdaler specie coin of the 18th century. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... ISO 4217 Code DKK User(s) Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands (coins only in the latter case) Inflation rate 1. ... ISO 4217 Code SEK User(s) Sweden Inflation 2. ... The Scandinavian Monetary Union (Swedish: Skandinaviska myntunionen, Danish: Skandinaviske møntunion) was a monetary union formed by Sweden and Denmark on May 5, 1873 by fixing their currencies against gold at par to each other. ... ISO 4217 Code NOK User(s) Norway Inflation rate 2. ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Other "Thaler"

As silver flooded into the European economy from domestic and overseas sources, Thalers and Thaler-sized coins were minted all over with equivalent coins such as the crown, daalder from which the English word dollar is derived, krona, and eventually the peso being issued and in widespread use. Indeed, in England the word dollar was in use for the Thaler for 200 years before the issue of the United States dollar, and until the half crown ceased to be used following decimalisation in 1971, the term "half a dollar" could be heard for "half a crown". Crown reverse, 1953 and 1960. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... United States one-dollar bill Canadian one-dollar coin (Loonie) One New Taiwan dollar Australian one-dollar coin 500 old Zimbabwean dollars The dollar (represented by the dollar sign: $ which comprises a single vertical line through a capital S) is the name of the official currency in several countries, dependencies... ISO 4217 Code SEK User(s) Sweden Inflation 2. ... The peso is a unit of currency. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... United States one-dollar bill Canadian one-dollar coin (Loonie) One New Taiwan dollar Australian one-dollar coin 500 old Zimbabwean dollars The dollar (represented by the dollar sign: $ which comprises a single vertical line through a capital S) is the name of the official currency in several countries, dependencies... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... In the management of currencies, decimalisation (or decimalization) is the process of converting from traditional denominations to a decimal system, usually with two units differing by a factor of one hundred. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ...


Legacy

No currency currently in circulation is named thaler. Several, however, are acknowledging its legacy with their names: twenty-three currencies named dollar, used in countries including Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, New Zealand and United States of America, as well as tolar, used in Slovenia until the end of 2006. United States one-dollar bill Canadian one-dollar coin (Loonie) One New Taiwan dollar Australian one-dollar coin 500 old Zimbabwean dollars The dollar (represented by the dollar sign: $ which comprises a single vertical line through a capital S) is the name of the official currency in several countries, dependencies... ISO 4217 Code SIT User(s) Slovenia Inflation 0. ...


Chronology of Thaler development

  • 1486: Sigismund of Tirol issues his 31.93g Guldengroschen of 60 Kreuzers and 937.5 fineness.
  • 1493: Switzerland issues its first Guldengroschen at Bern
  • 1500: The first German Guldengroschen is issued from Saxony, with a value of 24 Groschen. In Bremen it circulates equivalent to 36 Groten. These Guldengroschen are reduced in weight to 29.2g so as to be minted at eight coins to the Cologne mark.
  • 1518: The first coin actually called a "Thaler" is minted in Joachimsthal, Bohemia,H.R.E.. Its weight is as the standard of 1500.
  • 1524: In an attempt to standardize the guldiner, a money ordinance (Reichsmünzordnung) is issued at Esslingen, Germany reaffirming the fineness of the coin at 937.5, and its weight to 29.2g
  • 1534: Saxony and Bohemia alter the fineness of their guldiners down from 937.5 purity to 903.0 while maintaining the same coin weight, thus lowering the actual amount of pure silver in the coin. This begins a separation of the Thaler from its guldiner ancestry.
  • 1551: A new money ordinance is decreed in Augsburg that lowers the guldiner's purity to 882.0, but raises the weight of the coin to 31.18g. This returns the coin to being the equal value of a Goldgulden. The Thaler is now equivalent to 72 Kreuzer.
  • 1559: After the death of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, yet another money ordinance is decreed at Augsburg, this time radically altering the coin (now to be called a Reichsguldiner) down to a mass of just 24.62g, but returning the coin to 931.0 fineness. This sets the Guldiner to be equivalent to 60 Kreuzer once again.
  • 1566: The guldiner as a denomination is more or less eliminated by a Saxon money edict that establishes the Reichsthaler (known later as the Speciesthaler) with a fineness of 889.0 and a weight of 29.2g
  • 1667: An agreement made at the Abbey of Zinna between Saxony, Brandenburg, and Brunswick-Lüneburg to help make the minting of small coins more economical than could be done under the old Augsburg ordinances led to the Thaler being reduced in weight to 28.1g but retaining the same 889.0 fineness.
  • 1690: The Leipzig Money Convention met to deal with the poor quality of coinage in Saxony, Brandenburg, and Brunswick. The agreement of 1667 had not solved the problem so the Thaler was again reduced in weight down to 25.9g. At this point 12 Thaler are being minted to provide one Cologne Mark of silver, up from nine in 1500.
  • 1750: This year saw yet another reduction in weight in the areas controlled by Prussia, Hesse, and Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel down to just 22.2g and a fineness of 750.0. 14 Thaler are minted to contain one Cologne Mark of silver.
  • 1754: The monetary agreement between Austria and Bavaria in 1753 began the period of the Conventionsthaler, a Thaler set at 10 to equal one Cologne Mark of silver. Its weight was 28.0g with a fineness of 833.0. Over time this coin spread into a large portion of central and southern Germany.
  • 1755: The Kronenthaler is first issued in areas controlled by the Habsburgs, especially in the Netherlands and southern Germany. It had a weight of 29.44g and a fineness of 873.0.
  • 1857: The Vienna monetary contract finally eliminates the Cologne Mark as a standard against which the silver coinage of Austria and Germany are reckoned, replacing it with a simple tariff of 500g. Thirty Vereinsthalers are set to be minted from this 500g standard. The coins weighed 18.5g and had a fineness of 900.0. They are set to equal 90 Austrian Kreuzer, 105 Bavarian Kreuzer, 30 Groschen, or 48 Schilling depending on the minting region.
  • 1872: The last Thaler are minted in a few states, notably Saxony.
  • Early years of 20th century: unsuccessful attempt to mint Maria Theresa thaler in Abyssinia. Starting in 1935 Italians mint the coin still popular in the area. [1]

Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies. ... An engraving by W. Killian, 1623 Sigismund of Austria (October 26, 1427 in Innsbruck – March 4, 1496 ibid) was a Habsburg archduke of Austria and regent of Tirol from 1446 to 1490. ... An official restrike of the 1486 Tiroler Guldengroschen The guldengroschen was a large silver coin originally minted in Tirol in 1486. ... Berner kreuzer von 1776 The Kreuzer was a silver coin and unit of currency existing in the Southern German states prior to the unification of Germany, and in Austria. ... 1493 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) is the easternmost federal state of Germany. ... The groschen was a coin used in various German speaking states. ... Events A plague of tropical fire ants devastates crops on Hispaniola. ... Jáchymov (originally Thal, later Sankt Joachimsthal in German) is a spa town in the Czech Republic, located at the St. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... Alternate use: Esslingen, Switzerland Esslingen is a city in the Stuttgart Region of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, capital of the district of Esslingen. ... 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year in the 16th century. ... Year 1551 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 - 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian territories (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ... Zinna Abbey church Zinna Abbey (Kloster Zinna) was a Cistercian monastery, the site of which is now occupied by a town also called Kloster Zinna, in Jüterbog in Brandenburg, Germany, about 60 km south of Berlin. ...   (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... Hesse (German: Hessen) is a state of Germany with an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants. ... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Conventionstaler was a standard silver coin of the Holy Roman Empire. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Vereinsthaler (union thaler) was a standard silver coin used in most German states and the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the years prior to German unification. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Maria Theresa thaler. ... This article needs cleanup. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Thaler

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Maria Theresa thaler. ... The Reichsthaler began as a subsidiary denomination to the Conventionsthaler, introduced in the Holy Roman Empire in 1754. ... The Kronenthaler was a silver coin first issued in the Austrian Netherlands (see Austrian Netherlands kronenthaler). ... The Vereinsthaler (union thaler) was a standard silver coin used in most German states and the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the years prior to German unification. ... The groschen was a coin used in various German speaking states. ...

References

  1. ^ Kalmer, Joseph; Hyun L. (1935). Abessinien (in German). 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Thaler - definition of Thaler in Encyclopedia (695 words)
As silver flooded into the European economy from domestic and overseas sources, thalers and thaler-sized coins were minted all over with equivalent coins such as the crown, ecu, daalder from which the English word dollar is derived, krona, and eventually the peso being issued and in widespread use.
The zenith of thaler minting occurred in the 17th century with the so-called "multiple thalers".
The Thaler was introduced and became the most spread currency in Scandinavia under the name Daler during the early 17th century.
Thaler - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (876 words)
In 1837, the Prussian Thaler became part of a new currency used in southern Germany and the Rhineland, with the Gulden (equal to 4/7 Thaler) as the standard unit of account.
As silver flooded into the European economy from domestic and overseas sources, Thalers and Thaler-sized coins were minted all over with equivalent coins such as the crown, daalder from which the English word dollar is derived, krona, and eventually the peso being issued and in widespread use.
Indeed, in England the word dollar was in use for the Thaler for 200 years before the issue of the United States dollar, and until the half crown ceased to be used following decimalisation in 1971, the term "half a dollar" could be heard for "half a crown".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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