FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Thailand" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Thailand
ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Ratcha Anachak Thai
Kingdom of Thailand
Flag of Thailand Emblem of Thailand
Flag Emblem
AnthemPhleng Chat
Royal anthemPhleng Sansoen Phra Barami
Capital
(and largest city)
Bangkok1
13°45′N, 100°29′E
Official languages Thai
Demonym Thai
Government Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy
 -  King Bhumibol Adulyadej
 -  Prime Minister Samak Sundaravej
Formation
 -  Sukhothai Kingdom 12381368 
 -  Ayutthaya Kingdom 1350 
 -  Thonburi Kingdom 1767 
 -  Rattanakosin Kingdom 6 April 1782 
 -  Constitutional Monarchy 24 June 1932 
Area
 -  Total 513,115 km² (49th)
198,115 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.4
Population
 -  December 2007 estimate 63,038,247 (20th)
 -  2000 census 60,606,947[1] 
 -  Density 122/km² (80th Independence)
317/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total $519.9 billion[2] (21st)
 -  Per capita $8,000[2] (69th)
GDP (nominal) 2006 estimate
 -  Total $206.338 billion (34th)
 -  Per capita $3,400 (92th)
Gini (2002) 42 (medium
HDI (2005) 0.781 (medium) (78th)
Currency Baht (฿) (THB)
Time zone (UTC+7)
Internet TLD .th
Calling code +66
1 ^ Thai name: Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or Krung ThepThe full name is "Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Yuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit"
2 ^ According to the Department of Provincial Administration's official register, not taking into account unregistered citizens and immigrants.

The Kingdom of Thailand (IPA: /ˈtaɪlænd/, Thai: ราชอาณาจักรไทย, IPA: [râːʧa-ʔaːnaːtɕɑ̀k-tʰɑj]) is a country in Southeast Asia. To its east lie Laos and Cambodia; to its south, the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia; and to its west, the Andaman Sea and Myanmar. Its capital and largest city is Bangkok. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Image File history File links Thai_Garuda_emblem. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of Thailand shows five horizontal stripes in the colours red, white, blue, white and red. ... Garuda as the national symbol of Thailand The National Emblem (National Symbol) of Thailand features the Garuda, a figure from both Buddhist and Hindu mythology. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Phleng Chat (เพลงชาติ) is the national anthem of Thailand. ... A royal anthem is a patriotic song, much like a national anthem that recognizes the nations monarch. ... Phleng Sansoen Phra Barami (Thai เพลงสรรเสริญพระบารมี) is the royal anthem of Thailand. ... Image File history File links LocationThailand. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Thailands population is relatively homogeneous. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, the the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... // Ayodhaya Names of Kings according to Pongsawadarnnue (Chronicle of the North) Prachao Prathumsuriyawong พระเจ้าปทุมสุริยวงศ์ Prachao Mahasamudsakorn พระเจ้ามหาสมุทรสาคร Prachao Chanraja พระเจ้าจันทรราชา Prachao Ruang พระเจ้าร่วง Prachao Lue พระเจ้าลือ Praya Kotama พระยาโคตม Praya Kotabong พระยาโคตรบอง Praya Grag พระยาแกรก Prachao Chantachoti พระเจ้าจันทรโชติ Pra Narai พระนารายณ์ (880 AD-?) Prachao Luang พระเจ้าหลวง (949 AD -?) Prachao Sainampueng พระเจ้าสายน้ำผึ้ง (1027 - 1065 AD) Praya Thamikaraj พระยาธรรมิกราช (1056 - 1107) (nearly 300 years of... Bhumibol Adulyadej (Thai: ; IPA: ; Royal Institute: Phumiphon Adunyadet;  ) (born Saturday,December 5, 1927 in the Year of the Rabbit), is the current King of Thailand. ... The following is a list of Prime Ministers of Thailand: Phraya Manopakorn Nititada, (1932-1933) General Phraya Phahol Pholphayuhasena, (1933-1938) Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram, (1938-1944) Major Khuang Abhaiwongse, (1944-1945) Tawee Boonyaket, (1945) Seni Pramoj, (1945) Major Khuang Abhaiwongse, (1946) Luang Praditmanutham, (1946) Rear Admiral Thawal Thamrong Navaswadhi... The previous theory often been proposed, the history of Thailand begins with the migration of the Thais from their ancestral home in southern China into mainland southeast asia around the 10th century AD. Prior to this Mon, Khmer and Malay kingdoms ruled the region. ... The Sukhothai kingdom was a kingdom in the north of Thailand around the city Sukhothai. ... Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... Events Timur ascends throne of Samarkand. ... The kingdom of Ayutthaya (Thai: ) was a Thai kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767. ... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Year 1767 (MDCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The history of Thailand from 1932 to 1973 was dominated by the military dictatorship which was in power for much of the period. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... Countries by nominal GDP. Source: IMF (2005) This article includes a list of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... Map of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita for the year 2006. ... Graphical representation of the Gini coefficient The Gini coefficient is a measure of inequality of income distribution or inequality of wealth distribution. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... ISO 4217 Code THB User(s) Thailand Inflation 4. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .th is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Thailand. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Country Code: 66 International Call Prefix: 00 To dial a land line in Thailand all over the country, the format is Area Code + Phone Number. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The Gulf of Thailand is a gulf located in the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean), surrounded by the countries Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. ... The Andaman Sea (Burmese: ; IPA: ) is a body of water to the southeast of the Bay of Bengal, south of Myanmar, west of Thailand and east of the Andaman Islands; it is part of the Indian Ocean. ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ...

Contents

Etymology

The country's official name was Siam (Thai: สยาม; IPA: [saˈjaːm], RTGS: Sayam origin unknown) until 24 June 1939,[3], when it was changed to Thailand; it was renamed Siam between 1945 and 11 May 1949, after which the name Thailand was once again adopted. The word Thai (ไทย) is not, as commonly believed to be, derived from the word Tai (ไท) meaning "free" in the Thai language; it is, however, the name of an ethnic group from the central plains (the Thai people).[citation needed] A famous Thai scholar argued that Tai (ไท) simply means "people" or "human being" since his investigation shows that in some rural areas the word "Tai" was used instead of the usual Thai word "khon" (คน) for people [4]. With that in mind the locals seemed to have also accepted the alternative meaning and will verbally state that it means "Land of the free". This might be due to language barriers and the avoidance of long difficult explanations.[citation needed] Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thai (, transcription: phasa thai, transliteration: ; IPA: ), is the national and official language of Thailand and the mother tongue of the Thai people, Thailands dominant ethnic group. ... This article is about Thailands ethnic majority. ...


Ratcha Anachak Thai means "Kingdom of Thailand" or "Kingdom of Thai". Etymologically, its components are: -Ratcha- (from Sanskrit raja, meaning "king, royal, realm", from Sanskrit) ; -ana- (from Pāli āṇā, "authority, command, power", itself from Sanskrit ājñā, same meaning) -chak (from Sanskrit chakra, meaning "wheel", a symbol of power and rule). For other uses, see Raja (disambiguation). ... For the town and district in Rajasthan, see Pali, Rajasthan For the Ganapati temple of pali and place in Maharastra, see Ballaleshwar Pali Pāli (Devanagari पालि) is a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. ... For the Naruto jutsu, see Chakra (Naruto). ...


History

Main article: History of Thailand
See also: Peopling of Thailand

The region known today as Thailand has been inhabited by humans since the paleolithic period (about 500,000 - 10,000 years ago). Prior to the fall of the Khmer Empire in the 13th century, various states thrived there, such as the various Tai, Mon, Khmer and Malay kingdoms, as seen through the numerous archaeological sites and artifacts that are scattered throughout the Siamese landscape. Prior to the 12th century however, the first Thai or Siamese state is traditionally considered to be the Buddhist kingdom of Sukhothai, which was founded in 1238, following the decline and fall of the Khmer empire in the 13th - 15th century AD. The previous theory often been proposed, the history of Thailand begins with the migration of the Thais from their ancestral home in southern China into mainland southeast asia around the 10th century AD. Prior to this Mon, Khmer and Malay kingdoms ruled the region. ... The Peopling of Thailand refers to the process by which the ethnic groups that comprise the population of present-day Thailand came to inhabit the region. ... // The Paleolithic is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of stone tools. ... Map of Asia and Europe circa 1200 C.E. and the golden age of Khmer Empire. ... Tai peoples include: the Lao of Laos and Northeast Thailand the Northern Thai (Lanna or Thai Yuan) of Thailand the Thai of Thailand the Shan (Thai Yai) of Burma the Thai Lue of Laos and China (also called Dai) the Nung of China, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam the Black Tai (Tai... The Mon are an ethnic group in Southeast Asia. ... The Khmer people are the predominant ethnic group in Cambodia, accounting for approximately 90% of the 13. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... The Sukhothai kingdom was a kingdom in the north of Thailand around the city Sukhothai. ...


A century later, Sukhothai's power was overshadowed by the larger Siamese kingdom of Ayutthaya, established in the mid-14th century. The kingdom of Ayutthaya (Thai: ) was a Thai kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767. ...


After Ayutthaya fell in 1767 to the Burmese, Thonburi was the capital of Thailand for a brief period under King Taksin the Great. The current (Rattanakosin) era of Thai history began in 1782 following the establishment of Bangkok as capital of the Chakri dynasty under King Rama I the Great. Thon Buri (ธนบุรี) was capital of Thailand for a short time during the reign of King Taksin, after the previous capital Ayutthaya was sacked by the Burmese. ... This article is about a Siamese king. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... The Chakri dynasty has ruled Thailand since the founding of the Ratthanakosin era in 1782 after king Taksin of Thonburi was executed and the capital of Siam shifted to Bangkok. ... His Majesty King Rama I of Siam (portrait in the National History Museum, Bangkok) Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke or Rama I the Great, was king of Thailand from 1782 to 1809. ...


European powers began traveling to Thailand in the 16th century. Despite European pressure, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian nation never to have been colonised by a European country. Two main reasons for this were that Thailand had a long succession of very able rulers in the 1800s and that it was able to exploit the rivalry and tension between the French and the British. As a result, the country remained as a buffer state between parts of Southeast Asia that were colonised by the two colonial powers. Despite this, Western influence led to many reforms in the 19th century and major concessions, most notably being the loss of large territory on the east side of the Mekong to the French and the step by step absorption by Britain of the Shan (Thai Yai) States (now in Myanmar) and the Malay Peninsula. The loss initially included Penang and Tumasik and eventually culminated in the loss of three predominantly ethnic-Malay southern provinces, which later became Malaysia's three northern states, under the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... A buffer state is a country lying between two rival or potentially hostile greater powers, which by its sheer existence is thought to prevent conflict between them. ... The Mekong is one of the world’s major rivers. ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... The Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 or Bangkok Treaty of 1909 was a treaty between the United Kingdom and Thailand signed on March 10, 1909 in Bangkok. ...


In 1932, a bloodless revolution resulted in a new constitutional monarchy. During World War II, following an invasion and brief resistance, Thailand became an ally of Japan while at the same time maintaining an active anti-Japanese resistance movement known as the Seri Thai. After the war, Thailand emerged as an ally of the United States. As with many of the developing nations during the Cold War, Thailand then went through decades of political transgression characterised by coups d'état as one military regime replaced another, but eventually progressed towards a stable prosperity and democracy in the 1980s. Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Free Thai Movement or Khabuankan Seri Thai (Thai ขบวนการเสรีไทย) was a secret underground movement of a group of Thai people against Japan during World War II. This movement was one of the important sources to the Allies for intelligence in this region. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Coup redirects here. ...


In 1997, Thailand was hit with the Asian financial crisis and the Thai baht for a short time peaked at 56 baht to the U.S. dollar compared to about 25 baht to the dollar before 1997. Since then, the baht has regained most of its strength and as of 23 May 2007, is valued at 33 baht to the US dollar. The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered East Asian Tigers. ... Thai banknotes and coins. ...


The official calendar in Thailand is based on Eastern version of the Buddhist Era, which is 543 years ahead of the Gregorian (western) calendar. For example, the year AD 2008 is called 2551 BE in Thailand. The Thai solar, or Suriyakati (สุริยคติ), calendar is used in traditional and official contexts in Thailand, although the Western calendar is sometimes used in business. ... The Buddhist calendar is used on mainland southeast Asia in the countries of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Myanmar (formerly Burma) in several related forms. ... For the calendar of religious holidays and periods, see liturgical year. ...


Politics and government

Main article: Politics of Thailand
See also: Constitutions of Thailand

Click here to visit Thailand The politics of Thailand currently takes place in a framework of a constitutional monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government and a hereditary monarch is head of state. ... The Democracy Monument: a representation of the 1932 Constitution sits on top of two golden offering bowls above a turret, in a traffic circle in the center of Bangkok. ...

History

Since the political reform of the absolute monarchy in 1932, Thailand has had 17 constitutions and charters.[5][6] Throughout this time, the form of government has ranged from military dictatorship to electoral democracy, but all governments have acknowledged a hereditary monarch as the head of state.[7][8] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Absolute monarchy is a monarchical form of government where the monarch has the power to rule his or her land or country and its citizens freely, with no laws or legally-organized direct opposition in force. ... The Democracy Monument: a representation of the 1932 Constitution sits on top of two golden offering bowls above a turret, in a traffic circle in the center of Bangkok. ... // Ayodhaya Names of Kings according to Pongsawadarnnue (Chronicle of the North) Prachao Prathumsuriyawong พระเจ้าปทุมสุริยวงศ์ Prachao Mahasamudsakorn พระเจ้ามหาสมุทรสาคร Prachao Chanraja พระเจ้าจันทรราชา Prachao Ruang พระเจ้าร่วง Prachao Lue พระเจ้าลือ Praya Kotama พระยาโคตม Praya Kotabong พระยาโคตรบอง Praya Grag พระยาแกรก Prachao Chantachoti พระเจ้าจันทรโชติ Pra Narai พระนารายณ์ (880 AD-?) Prachao Luang พระเจ้าหลวง (949 AD -?) Prachao Sainampueng พระเจ้าสายน้ำผึ้ง (1027 - 1065 AD) Praya Thamikaraj พระยาธรรมิกราช (1056 - 1107) (nearly 300 years of...


1997 to 2006

See also: 1997 Constitution of Thailand

The 1997 Constitution was the first constitution to be drafted by popularly-elected Constitutional Drafting Assembly, and was popularly called the "People's Constitution".[9] For legal and historical context, see the Constitutions of Thailand article Bangkoks Democracy Monument: a representation of the 1932 Constitution sits on top of two golden offering bowls above a turret. ...


The 1997 Constitution created a bicameral legislature consisting of a 500-seat House of Representatives (สภาผู้แทนราษฎร, sapha phutan ratsadon) and a 200-seat Senate (วุฒิสภา, wuthisapha). For the first time in Thai history, both houses were directly elected. Many human rights are explicitly acknowledged, and measures were established to increase the stability of elected governments. The House was elected by the first-past-the-post system, where only one candidate with a simple majority could be elected in one constituency. The Senate was elected based on the province system, where one province can return more than one Senator depending on its population size. Members of the House of Representatives served four-year terms, while Senators served six-year terms. In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... For the band, see Senate (band). ... This article is about the political process. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


The court system (ศาล, saan) included a constitutional court with jurisdiction over the constitutionality of parliamentary acts, royal decrees, and political matters. The Constitutional Court of Thailand (Thai: ศาลรัฐธรรมนูญ) is an independent Thai court established under the 1997 Constitution with jurisdiction over the constitutionality of parliamentary acts, royal decrees, draft legislation, as well as the appointment and removal of public officials and issues regarding political parties. ...


The January 2001 general election, the first elections under the 1997 Constitution, were called the most open, corruption-free election in Thai history.[10] The subsequent government was the first in Thai history to complete a 4-year term. The 2005 election had the highest voter turnout in Thai history and was noted for a marked reduction in vote-buying compared to previous elections.[11][12][13] This article needs cleanup. ... Legislative elections were held in Thailand on 6 February 2005. ...


In early 2006, significant pressure from corruption allegations led Thaksin Shinawatra to call for a snap election. The opposition boycotted the elections and Thaksin was re-elected. Pressure continued to build, leading to a military coup on 19 September 2006. “Thaksin” redirects here. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After the 2006 coup

See also: 2006 Thai coup d'état

Without meeting much resistance, a military junta overthrew the elected government of Thaksin Shinawatra on 19 September 2006. The junta abrogated the constitution, dissolved Parliament and the Constitutional Court, detained and later removed several members of the government, declared martial law, and appointed one of the King's Privy Councillors, General Surayud Chulanont, as Prime Minister. The junta later wrote a highly abbreviated interim constitution and appointed a panel to draft a permanent constitution. The junta also appointed a 250-member legislature, called by some critics a "chamber of generals" and others claimed that it lacks representatives from the poor majority.[14][15] In this interim constitution draft, the head of the junta was allowed to remove the Prime Minister at any time. The legislature was not allowed to hold a vote of confidence against the Cabinet and the public was not allowed to file comments on bills.[16] This interim constitution was later surpassed by the permanent constitution on 24 August 2007. Wikinews has news related to: Category:2006 Thailand coup The 2006 Thailand coup détat took place on Tuesday 19 September 2006, when the Royal Thai Army staged a coup against the government of caretaker Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. ... A military junta is government by a committee of military leaders. ... Wikinews has news related to: Category:2006 Thailand coup The 2006 Thailand coup détat took place on Tuesday 19 September 2006, when the Royal Thai Army staged a coup against the government of caretaker Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... General (ret. ... The 2006 Interim Charter of Thailand was drafted by the Council for Democratic Reform (CDR) after it seized power from the government of Thaksin Shinawatra in the 2006 Thailand coup. ... A permanent constitution for the Kingdom of Thailand is currently being drafted by a committee established by the military junta that abrogated the previous 1997 Constitution. ... Final version of the draft constitution, distributed to the public prior to the August 2007 referendum. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Martial law was partially revoked in January 2007.


The ban on political activities was lifted in July 2007,[17] following the 30 May dissolution of the Thai Rak Thai party. The new constitution has been approved by a referendum on 19 August, which led to a return to democratic elections on 23 December 2007. Party dissolution charges are a series of events and scandals that eventually led to the dissolution of Thai Rak Thai Party, the biggest political party in Thailand at the time, and a few small parties following a general election in April, 2006. ... Thai Rak Thai Logo Thai Rak Thai (Thai: , lit. ... A permanent constitution for the Kingdom of Thailand is currently being drafted by a committee established by the military junta that abrogated the previous 1997 Constitution. ... General elections are expected to be held again in Thailand before the end of 2007 after the military assumed power in the 2006 Thai coup détat on 19 September 2006. ...


Thailand remains an active member of the regional Association of Southeast Asian Nations. Hymn The ASEAN Hymn Jakarta, Indonesia Membership 10 Southeast Asian states Leaders  -  Secretary General Ong Keng Yong Area  -  Total 4,497,4931 km²  Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character , sq mi  Population  -   estimate 566. ...


Education

Main article: Education in Thailand

Thailand enjoys a high level of literacy and education is provided by a well organized school system of kindergarten, primary, lower secondary and upper secondary schools, numerous vocational colleges, and universities. The private sector of education is well developed and significantly contributes to the overall provision of education which the government would not be able to meet through its own establishments. Education is compulsory up to and including Grade 9, and the government provides free education through to Grade 12. Educational oversight Minister Thai Ministry of Education Chaturon Chaisang National education budget ([[]]) Primary language(s) of education Thai system Literacy (2005) ʉۢ Men ʉۢ Women 92. ...


Thailand has never been colonized, and has therefore not benefited from the influence of countries with centuries of educational tradition. Education in a modern sense is relatively recent and still needs to overcome some major cultural hurdles in order to ensure further development and improvement to its standards, which in some respects have fallen to the lowest levels in southeast Asia.


The establishment of reliable and coherent curricula for its primary and secondary schools is subject to such rapid changes that schools and their teachers are not always sure what they are supposed to be teaching, and authors and publishers of textbooks are unable to write and print new editions quickly enough to keep up with the volatile situation. The issue concerning university entrance has therefore also been in constant upheaval for a number of years. Nevertheless, education has seen its greatest progress in the years since 2001, most of the present generation of pupils and students is computer literate, and knowledge of English is on the increase at least in quantity if not in quality.
See the main article for a complete treatment of Education in Thailand. Educational oversight Minister Thai Ministry of Education Chaturon Chaisang National education budget ([[]]) Primary language(s) of education Thai system Literacy (2005) ʉۢ Men ʉۢ Women 92. ...


Administrative divisions

Map of Thailand
Map of Thailand

Thailand is divided into 75 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat) , which are gathered into 5 groups of provinces by location. There are also 2 special governed districts: the capital Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon) and Pattaya, of which Bangkok is at provincial level and thus often counted as a 76th province. Download high resolution version (331x708, 19 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (331x708, 19 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Thailand is divided into 75 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat), and one municipality - the capital Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon in Thai). ... Thailand is divided into 75 provinces (Thai: , changwat, singular and plural), which are grouped into 5 groups of provinces - sometimes the East and Central are grouped together. ... Districts are a form of local government in several countries. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Beach Pattaya along the beach Pattaya (Thai: , RTGS: Phatthaya) is a city in Thailand, located on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand ( ), about 165 km southeast of Bangkok located within but not part of Amphoe Bang Lamung in the province of Chon Buri. ...


Each province is divided into districts and the districts are further divided into sub-districts (tambons). As of 2006 there are 877 districts (อำเภอ, amphoe) and the 50 districts of Bangkok (เขต, khet). Some parts of the provinces bordering Bangkok are also referred to as Greater Bangkok (ปริมณฑล, pari monthon). These provinces include Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakan, Nakhon Pathom and Samut Sakhon. The name of each province's capital city (เมือง, mueang) is the same as that of the province: for example, the capital of Chiang Mai province (changwat Chiang Mai) is Mueang Chiang Mai or Chiang Mai. The 75 provinces are as follows: A amphoe (sometimes also amphur, Thai: อำเภอ) is the second level administrative subdivision of Thailand. ... Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts (khet เขต, also sometimes called amphoe as in the other provinces), which are further subdivided into 154 kwaeng (แขวง), roughly equivalent to tambon in the other provinces. ... The Bangkok Metropolitan Area (Thai: ) is the urban area of Bangkok, Thailand and its surrounding provinces. ... Nonthaburi (Thai นนทบุรี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Pathum Thani (Thai ปทุมธานี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Samut Prakan (Thai  ) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nakhon Pathom (Thai นครปฐม) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Samut Sakhon (Thai สมุทรสาคร) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Thailand is divided into 75 provinces (Thai: , changwat, singular and plural), which are grouped into 5 groups of provinces - sometimes the East and Central are grouped together. ...


Central

  1. Ang Thong
  2. Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon), Special Governed District of [1]
  3. Chai Nat
  4. Kanchanaburi [2]
  5. Lop Buri
  6. Nakhon Nayok
  7. Nakhon Pathom [1]
  8. Nonthaburi [1]
  9. Pathum Thani [1]
  10. Phetchaburi [2]
  11. Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
  12. Prachuap Khiri Khan [2]
  13. Ratchaburi [2]
  14. Samut Prakan [1]
  15. Samut Sakhon [1]
  16. Samut Songkhram [2]
  17. Saraburi
  18. Sing Buri
  19. Suphan Buri

Central Thailand is a region of Thailand, covering the broad alluvial plain of the Chao Phraya River. ... Ang Thong (Thai อ่างทอง) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Chai Nat (Thai ชัยนาท) is one of the central provinces (jangwat) of Thailand. ... Kanchanaburi (Thai กาญจนบุรี) is the largest of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Lop Buri (Thai ลพบุรี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nakhon Nayok (Thai นครนายก) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nakhon Pathom (Thai นครปฐม) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nonthaburi (Thai นนทบุรี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Pathum Thani (Thai ปทุมธานี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Phetchaburi (often short Phetburi, Thai เพชรบุรี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Ayutthaya (full name Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Thai พระนครศรีอยุธยา, pronounced eye-you-TEE-a) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Prachuap Khiri Khan (Thai ประจวบคีรีขันธ์) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Ratchaburi (often short Ratburi, Thai ราชบุรี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Samut Prakan (Thai  ) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Samut Sakhon (Thai สมุทรสาคร) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Samut Songkhram (Thai สมุทรสงคราม) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Saraburi (Thai สระบุรี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Sing Buri (Thai สิงห์บุรี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Suphan Buri (Thai สุพรรณบุรี) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ...

East

  1. Chachoengsao
  2. Chanthaburi
  3. Chonburi
  4. Prachinburi
  5. Rayong
  6. Sa Kaeo
  7. Trat
Phra That Chae Haeng, Nan Province
Phra That Chae Haeng, Nan Province

Thailand is divided into 76 provinces ( Thai: จังหวัด, changwat, singular and plural), which are grouped into 5 groups of provinces - sometimes the East and Central are grouped together. ... Chachoengsao (Thai ฉะเชิงเทรา) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Chanthaburi (Thai จันทบุรี) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Chon Buri (Thai ชลบุรี) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Prachin Buri (Thai ปราจีนบุรี) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Rayong province (Thai spelling ระยอง) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Sa Kaeo (Thai สระแก้ว) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Trat (Thai ตราด) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2736 × 3648 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2736 × 3648 pixel, file size: 1. ... Nan (Thai น่าน) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ...

North

  1. Chiang Mai
  2. Chiang Rai
  3. Kamphaeng Phet
  4. Lampang
  5. Lamphun
  6. Mae Hong Son
  7. Nakhon Sawan
  8. Nan
  9. Phayao
  10. Phetchabun
  11. Phichit
  12. Phitsanulok
  13. Phrae
  14. Sukhothai
  15. Tak
  16. Uthai Thani
  17. Uttaradiet
Monk praying at a temple.
Monk praying at a temple.
Phra That Phanom, Nakhon Phanom Province
Phra That Phanom, Nakhon Phanom Province

Northern Thailand usually describes the area covered by 17 provinces. ... Chiang Mai (Thai เชียงใหม่) is the second-biggest province (changwat) of Thailand, located in the north of the country. ... Chiang Rai (Thai เชียงราย) is the most northern province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Kamphaeng Phet (Thai กำแพงเพชร) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand, located in the north of the country. ... Lampang (Thai ลำปาง) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Lamphun (Thai ลำพูน) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Mae Hong Son (Thai แม่ฮ่องสอน) (also Mae Hong Sorn) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, and at the same time the westernmost. ... Nakhon Sawan (Thai: ) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nan (Thai น่าน) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Phayao (Thai พะเยา) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Phetchabun (Thai เพชรบูรณ์) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Phichit (Thai พิจิตร) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand, located in the north of the country. ... Phitsanulok (Thai: ) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand, located in the North of Thailand. ... Phrae (Thai แพร่) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Sukhothai (Thai สุโขทัย) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Tak (Thai ตาก) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Uthai Thani (Thai อุทัยธานี) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Uttaradit (Thai อุตรดิตถ์) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixels Full resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 134 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Phra That Phanom, Amphoe That Phanom, Nakhon Phanom Province. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixels Full resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 134 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Phra That Phanom, Amphoe That Phanom, Nakhon Phanom Province. ... PHRA THAT PHANOM-HISTORY IN BRIEF Wat Phra That Phanom is the sacred precinct of the Phra That Phanom chedi, located in the district of the same name, in the southern part of Nakhon Phanom Province, northeastern Thailand. ... Nakhon Phanom (Thai นครพนม) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ...

Northeast (Isan)

  1. Amnat Charoen
  2. Buri Ram
  3. Chaiyaphum
  4. Kalasin
  5. Khon Kaen
  6. Loei
  7. Maha Sarakham
  8. Mukdahan
  9. Nakhon Phanom
  10. Nakhon Ratchasima
  11. Nong Bua Lamphu
  12. Nong Khai
  13. Roi Et
  14. Sakon Nakhon
  15. Si Sa Ket
  16. Surin
  17. Ubon Ratchathani
  18. Udon Thani
  19. Yasothon
Phra Boromathat Chedi or Phra That Nakhon, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
Phra Boromathat Chedi or Phra That Nakhon, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province

Isan is the northeastern region of Thailand Pak Isan (also written as Isaan, Issan, or Esarn; Thai/Isan อีสาน) is the northeast region of Thailand. ... For other uses, see Isan (disambiguation). ... Amnat Charoen (Thai อำนาจเจริญ) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Geography Buriram is located at the southern end of the Khorat Plateau, with several extinct volcanoes around the province. ... Chaiyaphum (Thai ชัยภูมิ) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Kalasin (Thai กาฬสินธุ์) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand, located in the North-East of Thailand. ... Khon Kaen (Thai ขอนแก่น) is the second-largest of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Loei (Thai เลย) is one of the most sparsely populated provinces (changwat) of Thailand, located in the North-East of Thailand. ... Maha Sarakham (Thai มหาสารคาม) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand, located in the North-East of Thailand. ... Mukdahan (Thai: ) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nakhon Phanom (Thai นครพนม) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nakhon Ratchasima (Thai: ), often shortened to Korat or Khorat, is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nong Bua Lamphu (Thai หนองบัวลำภู) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nong Khai (Thai หนองคาย) is the one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Roi Et (Thai ร้อยเอ็ด) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand, located in the North-East of Thailand. ... Sakon Nakhon (Thai: สกลนคร) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Sisaket (Thai: ) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Surin (Thai: ) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Ubon Ratchathani (often in short Ubon, Thai อุบลราชธานี) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Udon Thani (Thai อุดรธานี) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Yasothon (Thai ยโสธร) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand, located in the North-East of Thailand. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Nakhon Si Thammarat (often in short Nakhon, Thai นครศรีธรรมราช) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, at the eastern shore of the Gulf of Thailand. ...

South

  1. Chumphon
  2. Krabi
  3. Nakhon Si Thammarat
  4. Narathiwat
  5. Pattani
  6. Phang Nga
  7. Phatthalung
  8. Phuket
  9. Ranong
  10. Satun
  11. Songkhla
  12. Surat Thani
  13. Trang
  14. Yala

NOTE: In italics [1], that province represents the Greater Bangkok sub-region; in italics [2], that province represents the West sub-region. Southern Thailand is a distinct region of Thailand, connected with the Central region by the narrow Kra Isthmus. ... Chumphon (Thai ชุมพร) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, at the shore of the Gulf of Thailand. ... Krabi (Thai กระบี่) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, at the shore of the Andaman Sea. ... Nakhon Si Thammarat (often in short Nakhon, Thai นครศรีธรรมราช) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, at the eastern shore of the Gulf of Thailand. ... Narathiwat (Thai นราธิวาส) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... This article is about southern province of Thailand. ... Phang Nga (Thai: ) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, on the shore to the Andaman Sea. ... Phattalung (Thai พัทลุง) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Phuket redirects here. ... Ranong (Thai ระนอง) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, at the shore to the Andaman Sea. ... Satun (Thai สตูล) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Songkhla (Thai: ) is the one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Surat Thani (often in short Surat, Thai: ) is the largest of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, on the eastern shore of the Gulf of Thailand. ... Trang (also Muang Thap Thiang, Thai ตรัง) is the one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, at the western shore of the Andaman Sea. ... Yala (Thai: ) is the southernmost province (changwat) of Thailand. ...


See also: List of cities in Thailand, List of cities in Thailand by population Bangkok Thailand divides its municipalities (thesaban) into three levels - cities (thesaban nakhon), towns (thesaban mueang) and townships (thesaban tambon). ... By population in city or municipal area. ...


Geography

A waterfall in Sai Yok National Park.
A waterfall in Sai Yok National Park.
Main article: Geography of Thailand

At 514,000 km² (198,000 sq mi) , Thailand is the world's 50th largest country in land mass, whilst it is the world's 28th largest country in terms of population. It is comparable in population to countries such as Iran and Peru, and is similar in land size to France and California in the US. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1544, 586 KB) Description: Sai Yok Yai Lek Waterfall in Sai Yok National Park, Kanchanaburi, Thailand Source: uploaders creation Date: date of uploading Author: uploader Permission: GFDL and CC-BY-SA-2. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1544, 586 KB) Description: Sai Yok Yai Lek Waterfall in Sai Yok National Park, Kanchanaburi, Thailand Source: uploaders creation Date: date of uploading Author: uploader Permission: GFDL and CC-BY-SA-2. ... For other uses, see Waterfall (disambiguation). ... Thailands 514,000 square kilometers lie in the middle of mainland Southeast Asia. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Thailand is home to several distinct geographic regions, partly corresponding to the provincial groups. The north of the country is mountainous, with the highest point being Doi Inthanon at 2,565 metres above sea level (8,415 ft). The northeast, Isan, (see special section on this region) consists of the Khorat Plateau, bordered to the east by the Mekong river. The centre of the country is dominated by the predominantly flat Chao Phraya river valley, which runs into the Gulf of Thailand. The south consists of the narrow Kra Isthmus that widens into the Malay Peninsula. The Doi Inthanon (Thai ดอยอินทนนท์) is the highest mountain of Thailand. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... For other uses, see Isan (disambiguation). ... The Khorat Plateau is a highland in the north-east of Thailand, also called Isan. ... The Mekong is one of the world’s major rivers. ... A view of the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok The Chao Phraya (Thai แม่น้ำเจ้าพระยา) is a major river in Thailand, with its low alluvial river plain marking the mainland of the country. ... The Gulf of Thailand is a gulf located in the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean), surrounded by the countries Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. ... The Isthmus of Kra The Kra Isthmus is the narrow landbridge which connects the Malay Peninsula with the mainland of Asia. ... The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ...


The local climate is tropical and characterized by monsoons. There is a rainy, warm, and cloudy southwest monsoon from mid-May to September, as well as a dry, cool northeast monsoon from November to mid-March. The southern isthmus is always hot and humid. Major cities beside the capital Bangkok include Nakhon Ratchasima, Khon Kaen, Udon Thani, Ubon Ratchathani, Nakhon Sawan, Chiang Mai, Phitsanulok, Surat Thani, Phuket and Hat Yai. For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Khon Kaen (thai ขอนแก่น) is a town in the North-East of Thailand, the Isan. ... [[Image:]]Udon Thani (Thai: ) is a city in the north-east of Thailand (Isan). ... Ubon Ratchathani is both a city and a province in Thailand. ... View over Nakhon Sawan Nakhon Sawan (Thai นครสวรรค) is a city in Thailand, the name literally means Heavenly City. The city has about 125. ... A street scene in Chiang Mai, showing (centre right), a gate of the old city wall. ... Phitsanulok is an important and historic town in north central Thailand and is the capital of Phitsanulok province, which stretches all the way to the Laotian border. ... Surat Thani (Thai: ) is a city in Amphoe Mueang Surat Thani, Surat Thani Province, southern Thailand. ... Phuket (Thai ภูเก็ต) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Hat Yai (also Haad Yai) (Thai หาดใหญ่) is a city in southern Thailand near the boundary to Malaysia. ...

See also: River Systems of Thailand and List of islands of Thailand

For maps, see: Atlas of Thailand Topographic map of Thailand demonstrating primarily the Chao Phraya River System in the central plains and branches of the Mekong River System flowing west to east The two principal river systems of Thailand are the Chao Phraya and the Mekong. ... This is a list of islands of Thailand. ...


Economy

King Bhumibol on a 100 Thai baht banknote
A BTS skytrain passing the Sathon area of Bangkok.
A BTS skytrain passing the Sathon area of Bangkok.
Elevated view of Sukhumvit Road in downtown Bangkok.
Elevated view of Sukhumvit Road in downtown Bangkok.
Main article: Economy of Thailand

Thailand is a newly industrialised country. After enjoying the world's highest growth rate from 1985 to 1996 - averaging almost 9% annually - increased pressure on Thailand's currency, the baht, in 1997, the year in which the economy contracted by 1.9% led to a crisis that uncovered financial sector weaknesses and forced the government to float the currency. Pegged at 25 to the US dollar from 1978 to 1997, the baht reached its lowest point of 56 to the US dollar in January 1998 and the economy contracted by 10.8% that same year. The collapse prompted a wider Asian financial crisis. Image File history File linksMetadata 100bahtfr. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 100bahtfr. ... Bhumibol Adulyadej, King Rama IX of Thailand His Majesty Bhumibol Adulyadej (ภูมิพลอดุลยเดช, Phumiphon Adunyadet), King Rama IX of Thailand (royal name Phra Chaoyuhua Bhumibol Adulyadej), the Great (born December 5, 1927), has been King of Thailand since 1946. ... ISO 4217 Code THB User(s) Thailand Inflation 4. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 487 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Insert non-formatted text here A spectacular sunset in Bangkok, showing the skytrain and modern skyline, taken from the corner of Thanon Silom. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 487 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Insert non-formatted text here A spectacular sunset in Bangkok, showing the skytrain and modern skyline, taken from the corner of Thanon Silom. ... Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station Skytrain leaving Asok Station Bangkok Mass Transit System (BTS) or Skytrain (Thai: รถไฟฟ้า, rot fai fa, meaning sky train) is the elevated metro system in Bangkok, Thailand, operated by Bangkok Mass Transit System Public Company Limited (BTSC) under a concession granted by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration... This artical is about Sathon district, see below for information about Sathon Road. ... Street sign depicting the name of Sukhumvit Road (Thanon Sukhumvit) in Thai and English Sukhumvit Road (Thai: ), or National Highway 3, is a major highway in Thailand. ... The economy of Thailand is export-dependent, with exports accounting for 60% of GDP. The exchange rate has reached 37. ... The category of Newly industrializing countries (NICs) is a social/economic classification status applied to several countries around the world by political scientists and economists. ... ISO 4217 Code THB User(s) Thailand Inflation 4. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered East Asian Tigers. ...


Thailand entered a recovery stage in 1998, expanding 4.2% and 4.4% in 2000, largely due to strong exports - which increased about 20% in 2000. Growth (2.2%) was dampened by a softening of the global economy in 2001, but picked up in the subsequent years due to strong growth in the People's Republic of China, a relatively weak baht encouraging exports and increasing domestic spending as a result of several mega projects and incentives of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, known as Thaksinomics. Growth in 2002/03 and 2004 was 5-7% annually. Growth in 2007 is 4.7% due to the higher growth rate of 5.7% in the fourth quarter of the year.[2] Due both to the weakening of the US dollar and an increasingly strong Thai currency, by March 2008, the dollar was hovering around the 30 baht mark. The following is a list of Prime Ministers of Thailand: Phraya Manopakorn Nititada, (1932-1933) General Phraya Phahol Pholphayuhasena, (1933-1938) Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram, (1938-1944) Major Khuang Abhaiwongse, (1944-1945) Tawee Boonyaket, (1945) Seni Pramoj, (1945) Major Khuang Abhaiwongse, (1946) Luang Praditmanutham, (1946) Rear Admiral Thawal Thamrong Navaswadhi... “Thaksin” redirects here. ... Thaksinomics is a term used to refer to the economic policies of Thaksin Shinawatra, Prime Minister of Thailand since 2001. ...


Thailand exports over $105 billion worth of products annually.[2] Major exports include rice, textiles and footwear, fishery products, rubber, jewelry, automobiles, computers and electrical appliances. Thailand is the world’s no.1 exporter of rice, exporting 6.5 million tons of milled rice annually. Rice is the most important crop in the country. Thailand has the highest percent of arable land, 27.25%, of any nation in the Greater Mekong Subregion.[18] About 55% of the available land area is used for rice production.[19]


Substantial industries include electric appliances, components, computer parts and automobiles, while tourism contributes about 5% of the Thai economy's GDP.


Thailand uses the metric system but traditional units of measurement and imperial measure (feet, inches) are still much in use, particularly for agriculture and building materials. Years are numbered as B.E. (Buddhist Era) in education, the civil service, government, and on contracts and newspaper datelines; in banking, however, and increasingly in industry and commerce, standard Western year (Christian or Common Era) counting prevails.[20] The Thai solar, or Suriyakati (สุริยคติ), calendar is used in traditional and official contexts in Thailand, although the Western calendar is sometimes used in business. ...


Demographics

A market (Phahurat;พาหุรัด) in Bangkok.
A market (Phahurat;พาหุรัด) in Bangkok.

Thailands population is relatively homogeneous. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x778, 157 KB) Description: One of Bangkok lively markets. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x778, 157 KB) Description: One of Bangkok lively markets. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ...

Language

Thailand's population can be generally categorized into the Central Thai, the Northeastern Thai or Isan (see special section on this region), the Northern Thai, and the Southern Thai. The Central Thai have long dominated the nation politically, economically, and culturally, even though they make up only about one-third of Thailand's population and are slightly outnumbered by the Northeastern Thai. Due to the education system and the forging of a national identity, many people are now able to speak Central Thai as well as their own local dialects. Isan (also Isaan or Esarn) is the language of the Isan region of Thailand. ...


The largest group of non-Thai people are the Chinese who have historically played a disproportionately significant role in the economy. Many have assimilated into mainstream Thai society, and do not live in Bangkok's Chinatown on Yaowarat Road. Other dominant ethnic groups include Malays in the south, Mon, Khmer and various hill tribes. After the end of the Vietnam War, many Vietnamese refugees settled in Thailand, mainly in the northeastern region. Yaowarat Road during daytime Yaowarat Road at night Bangkoks Chinatown is located on Yaowarat Road (เยาวราช) in Samphanthawong district. ...


The Thai language is Thailand's national language, written in its own alphabet, but many ethnic and regional dialects exist as well as areas where people speak predominantly Isan or Mon-Khmer languages. Although English is widely taught in schools, its use is not widespread throughout the country. Thai (, transcription: phasa thai, transliteration: ; IPA: ), is the national and official language of Thailand and the mother tongue of the Thai people, Thailands dominant ethnic group. ... The Thai alphabet (Thai: ) (àk-sŏn tai) is used to write the Thai language and other minority languages in Thailand. ... Isan (also Isaan or Esarn) is the language of the Isan region of Thailand. ... The Mon-Khmer languages are the autochthonous languages of Indo-China. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Religion

Main article: Religion in Thailand

According to the last census (2000) 95% of Thais are Buddhists of the Theravada tradition. Muslims are the second largest religious group in Thailand at 4.6%. Thailand's southernmost provinces - Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and part of Songkhla Chumphon have dominant Muslim populations, consisting of both ethnic Thai and Malay.[verification needed] Most often Muslims live in separate communities from non-Muslims. The southern tip of Thailand is mostly ethnic Malays. Christians, mainly Catholics, represent 0.75% of the population. A tiny but influential community of Sikhs in Thailand and some Hindus also live in the country's cities, and are heavily engaged in retail commerce. There is also a small Jewish community in Thailand, dating back to the 17th century. Since 2001, Muslim activists, generally described by the Thai government as terrorists or separatists, have rallied against the central government because of alleged corruption and ethnic bias on the part of officials. A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda (cf Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda); literally, the Teaching of the Elders, or the Ancient Teaching) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia... Islam is most popular in southern Thailand, near the border with Malaysia, where the vast majority of the countrys Muslims, predominantly Malay in origin, are found. ... Chumphon is a town in southern Thailand, capital of the Chumphon province. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... Jewish community life in Thailand dates back to the 17th century, first with the arrival of a few Baghdadi Jewish families, although the current community is comprised mainly of Ashkenazi descendants of refugees from Russia, and later the Soviet Union. ...


Culture

Thai bells at the Golden Mount in Bangkok.
Thai bells at the Golden Mount in Bangkok.
Children performing traditional musical instruments
Children performing traditional musical instruments
Main article: Culture of Thailand

The culture of Thailand incorporates a great deal of influence from India, China, and the rest of southeast Asia. Thailand's main theology Theravada Buddhism is central to modern Thai identity and belief. In practice, Thai Buddhism has evolved over time to include many regional beliefs originating from animism as well as ancestor worship. In areas in the southernmost parts of Thailand, Islam is prevalent. Several different ethnic groups, many of which are marginalized, populate Thailand. Some of these groups overlap into Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, and Malaysia and have maintained a distinctly traditional way of life despite strong Thai cultural influence. Overseas Chinese also form a significant part of Thai society, particularly in and around Bangkok. Their successful integration into Thai society has allowed for this group to hold positions of economic and political power, the most noteworthy of these being the Thai Prime Minister, Thaksin Shinawatra, who held power from 2001 until 19 September 2006 when he was ousted by a military coup d'état. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 401 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 3872 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 401 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 3872 pixel, file size: 4. ... Golden mount Wat Saket Ratcha Wora Maha Wihan (Thai: , usually short Wat Saket) is a Buddhist temple (Wat) in Pom Prap Sattru Phai district, Bangkok, Thailand. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... The Culture of Thailand is heavily influenced by Buddhism. ... Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism. ... Buddhism in Thailand is largely of the Theravada school. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... Languages various Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... “Thaksin” redirects here. ...


Like most Asian cultures, respect towards ancestors is an essential part of Thai spiritual practice. Thais have a strong sense of hospitality and generosity, but also a strong sense of social hierarchy. Seniority is an important concept in Thai culture. Elders have by tradition ruled in family decisions or ceremonies.

Theravada Buddhism is highly respected in Thailand.
Theravada Buddhism is highly respected in Thailand.

The traditional Thai greeting, the wai, is generally offered first by the youngest of the two people meeting, with their hands pressed together, fingertips pointing upwards as the head is bowed to touch their face to the hands, usually coinciding with the spoken word "Sawat-dii khrap" for male speakers, and "Sawat-dii ka" for females. The elder then is to respond afterwards in the same way. Social status and position, such as in government, will also have an influence on who performs the wai first. For example, although one may be considerably older than a provincial governor, when meeting it is usually the visitor who pays respect first. When children leave to go to school, they are taught to wai to their parents to represent their respect for them. They do the same when they come back. The wai is a sign of respect and reverence for another, similar to the namaste greeting of India. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3500 × 2625 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3500 × 2625 pixel, file size: 4. ... Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism. ... The Thai greeting referred to as the wai (Thai: ไหว้) Or in Lao as Kub consists of a slight bow, with the palms pressed together in a prayer-like fashion. ... The Thai greeting referred to as the wai (Thai: ไหว้) Or in Lao as Kub consists of a slight bow, with the palms pressed together in a prayer-like fashion. ... Woman performing namaste gesture. ...


Muay Thai, or Thai boxing, is the national sport in Thailand and its natives martial art call "Muay". In the past "Muay" was taught to Royal soldiers for combat on battlefield if unarmed. After they retired from the army, these soldiers often became Buddhist monks and stayed at the temples. Most of the Thai people's lives are closely tied to Buddhism and temples; they often send their sons to be educated with the monks. ”Muay” is also one of the subjects taught in the temples.[21]. For the drink with a similar-sounding name, see Mai Tai. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ...


Muay Thai achieved popularity all over the world in the 1990s. Although similar martial arts styles exist in other southeast Asian countries, few enjoy the recognition that Muay Thai has received with its full-contact rules allowing strikes including elbows, throws and knees. Football (soccer), however, has possibly overtaken Muay Thai's position as most widely viewed and liked sport in contemporary Thai society and it is not uncommon to see Thais cheering their favourite English Premier League teams on television and walking around in replica kits. Another widely enjoyed pastime, and once a competitive sport, is kite flying. Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Yokaichi Giant Kite Festival held on the fourth Sunday every May in Higashiomi, Shiga, Japan Kite flying is the activity of flying tethered man-made objects in wind. ...


Taboos in Thailand include touching someone's head or pointing with the feet, as the head is considered the most sacred and the foot the dirtiest part of the body. Stepping over someone, or over food, is considered insulting. However, Thai culture as in many other Asian cultures, is succumbing to the influence of globalization with some of the traditional taboos slowly fading away with time.


Books and other documents are the most revered of secular objects - therefore one should not slide a book across a table or place it on the floor.


Thai cuisine blends five fundamental tastes: sweet, spicy, sour, bitter and salty. Some common ingredients used in Thai cuisine include garlic, chillies, lime juice, lemon grass, and fish sauce. The staple food in Thailand is rice, particularly jasmine variety rice (also known as Hom Mali rice) which is included in almost every meal. Thailand is the world's largest exporter of rice, and Thais domestically consume over 100 kg of milled rice per person per year.[19] Over 5000 varieties of rice from Thailand are preserved in the rice gene bank of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) , based in the Philippines. The King of Thailand is the official patron of IRRI.[22] Thai seafood curry Tom yam gung Thai cuisine is known for its balance of five fundamental flavors in each dish or the overall meal - hot (spicy), sour, sweet, salty and bitter (optional). ... Jasmine rice (Thai: ; kao hom mali), sometimes known in Britain as Thai fragrant rice[1], is a long-grain variety of rice that has a nutty aroma and a subtle and pandanus-leaf-like flavor, originally from Thailand. ... The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is an international NGO. Its headquarters are in Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines, and it has offices in ten countries. ...


Thai society has been influenced in recent years by its widely-available multi-language press and media. There are numerous English, Thai and Chinese newspapers in circulation; most Thai popular magazines use English headlines as a chic glamor factor. Most large businesses in Bangkok operate in English as well as other languages. English is also spoken among many Thais, sometimes as a way of demonstrating their educated, high-society status, but other times because of the lingua franca nature of English. Thailand is the largest newspaper market in South East Asia with an estimated circulation of at least 13 million copies daily in 2003. Even upcountry, out of Bangkok, media flourishes. For example, according to Thailand's Public Relations Department Media Directory 2003-2004, the nineteen provinces of northeast Thailand themselves hosted 116 newspapers in addition to radio, TV and cable. Chic is a French word, established in English since at least the 1870s, that has come to mean smart or stylish. ... Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ...


International rankings

Organization Survey Ranking
Heritage Foundation Indices of Economic Freedom 50 out of 157
Reporters Without Borders Worldwide Press Freedom Index 134 out of 169
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 84 out of 179
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 78 out of 177

The Heritage Foundation is one of the most prominent conservative think tanks in the United States. ... The annual surveys Economic Freedom of the World and Index of Economic Freedom are two indices which attempt to measure the degree of economic freedom, using a definition for this similar to laissez-faire capitalism, in the worlds nations. ... Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ... Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ... Transparency International (TI) is an international organisation addressing corruption, including, but not limited to, political corruption. ... Overview of the index of perception of corruption, 2006 Since 1995, Transparency International has published an annual Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)[1] ordering the countries of the world according to the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians.[2] The organization defines corruption as... The United Nations Development Programe (UNDP), the United Nations global development network, is the largest multilateral source of development assistance in the world. ...

See also

Thailand Portal
edit  

Thailand topics

History: Ayutthaya Kingdom, Chakri Dynasty, Constitution of Thailand, Early history of Thailand, Effect of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on Thailand, Hariphunchai, History of Thailand (1768-1932), History of Thailand (1932-1973), History of Thailand since 1973, Lanna, Nakhon Si Thammarat kingdom, Pattani Kingdom, Plaek Pibulsonggram, Pridi Phanomyong, Sarit Dhanarajata, Siamese coup d'état of 1932, South Thailand insurgency, Srivijaya
Politics: 1997 Constitution of Thailand, 2006 Interim Constitution of Thailand, Administrative divisions of Thailand, Cabinet of Thailand, Constitution of Thailand, Constitutional Court of Thailand, Foreign relations of Thailand, National Assembly of Thailand, People's Alliance for Democracy, Sonthi Boonyaratglin, South Thailand insurgency, Pridiyathorn Devakula, Prem Tinsulanonda, Surayud Chulanont, 2006 Thai coup d'état, Thai 2006 interim civilian government, Thai Rak Thai, Thaksin Shinawatra, Samak Sundaravej
Economy: Agriculture in Thailand, Baht, Bank of Thailand, List of banks in Thailand Bureau of the Crown Property, Stock Exchange of Thailand, Suvarnabhumi Airport, Thai Airways International, Thaksinomics, Tourism in Thailand, Transport in Thailand, US-Thailand Free Trade Agreement, Rail transport in Thailand, Thai motorway network
Geography: Bangkok Metropolitan Area, Chao Phraya River,Demographics of Thailand, Doi Inthanon, Gulf of Thailand, Khao Lak, Khao Yai National Park, Khorat Plateau, Ko Chang, Ko Samet, Ko Samui, Kra Isthmus, Kwai river, Mekong, Patong Beach, Phi Phi Islands, Three Pagodas Pass
Provinces: Bangkok, Chiang Mai Province, Chiang Rai Province, Chonburi Province, Kanchanaburi Province, Khon Kaen Province, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Narathiwat Province, Pattani Province, Phuket Province, Songkhla Province, Ubon Ratchathani Province, Udon Thani Province, Yala Province
Culture: Thai art, Buddhism in Thailand, Buddhist temples in Thailand, Cinema of Thailand, Cuisine of Thailand, Dance of Thailand, Farang, Flag of Thailand, Kathoey, Lakorn, Literature in Thailand, Thai language, Loy Krathong, Media of Thailand, Muay Thai, Music of Thailand, List of television stations in Thailand, Thai names, National Museum, Thai New Year, Public holidays in Thailand, Ramakien, Royal Flora Ratchaphruek, Thai greeting, Thai-style dresses
Others: Pridi Banomyong, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, Communications in Thailand, Elephant Nature Park, Environmental issues in Thailand, Grand Palace, Bangkok, Prostitution in Thailand, Queen Sirikit, Military of Thailand, Thai royal and noble titles, List of shopping malls in Thailand, Thai studies

This article on Thai Temple Art and Architecture attempts to deal with Buddhist temples in Thailand. ... Buddhism in Thailand is largely of the Theravada school. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Thailand_portal_by_Melanochromis. ... The previous theory often been proposed, the history of Thailand begins with the migration of the Thais from their ancestral home in southern China into mainland southeast asia around the 10th century AD. Prior to this Mon, Khmer and Malay kingdoms ruled the region. ... The kingdom of Ayutthaya (Thai: ) was a Thai kingdom that existed from 1350 to 1767. ... The Chakri dynasty has ruled Thailand since the founding of the Ratthanakosin era in 1782 after king Taksin of Thonburi was executed and the capital of Siam shifted to Bangkok. ... Bangkoks Democracy Monument: a representation of the 1932 Constitution sits on top of two golden offering bowls above a turret. ... The known early history of Thailand begins with the earliest major archaeological site at Ban Chiang; dating of artefacts from this site is controversial, but there is a consensus that at least by 3600 BC, the inhabitants had developed bronze tools and had begun to cultivate wet rice, providing the... Map showing the provinces of Thailand affected The Thai government reports 5,246 [1] confirmed deaths, 8,457 [2] injuries and 4,499 [3] missing after the country was hit by a tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake on December 26, 2004. ... Hariphunchai (or Haribhunjaya) was a Mon kingdom in the north of present Thailand in the centuries before the Thais moved into the area. ... From 1768 to 1932 the area of modern Thailand was dominated by Siam, an absolute monarchy with capitals briefly at Thonburi and later at Rattanakosin, both in modern-day Bangkok. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The history of Thailand since 1973 has been marked by a struggle to define the political contours of the state. ... Lanna (English One Million Thai Rice Fields, Thai: ) was a kingdom in the north of Thailand around the city of Chiang Mai. ... Nakhon Si Thammarat (Thai นครศรีธรรมราช) is a town in southern Thailand, capital of the Nakhon Si Thammarat province. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Field Marshal Plaek Pibulsonggram (July 14, 1897–June 11, 1964) (Thai แปลก พิบูลสงคราม or ป. พิบูลสงคราม, lastname sometimes spelled Phibunsongkhram, Phibul Songkhram or Pibul Songgram) was Prime Minister and military dictator of Thailand from 1938 to 1944 and 1948 to 1957. ... Pridi Phanomyong Pridi Phanomyong (May 11, 1900 - May 2, 1983) was a Thai politician. ... Field Marshal Sarit Dhanarajata (Thai: สฤษดิ์ ธนะรัชต์, RTGS: Sarit Thanarat), (June 16, 1908 - December 8, 1963) staged a coup in 1957 and served as Thailands dictator until his death in 1963. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants  Thailand Mujahideen Pattani Movement (BNP) Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) Pattani Islamic Mujahideen Movement (GMIP) Mujahideen Islamic Pattani Group National Revolution Front (BRN) Pattani Liberation National Front (BNPP) Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) Commanders Bunrot Somthat Surayud Chulanont Wan Kadir Wan Che Casualties More than 3,000 killed 2,729 civilian... Map of Southeast Asia at end of 12th century. ... Click here to visit Thailand The politics of Thailand currently takes place in a framework of a constitutional monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister is the head of government and a hereditary monarch is head of state. ... For legal and historical context, see the Constitutions of Thailand article Bangkoks Democracy Monument: a representation of the 1932 Constitution sits on top of two golden offering bowls above a turret. ... The 2006 Interim Charter of Thailand was drafted by the Council for Democratic Reform (CDR) after it seized power from the government of Thaksin Shinawatra in the 2006 Thailand coup. ... Thailand is divided into 75 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat), and one metropolitan municipality - the capital Bangkok Metropolis (กรุงเทพมหานคร, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon). ... In the politics of Thailand, the Cabinet is a formal body composed of government officials chosen by the Prime Minister. ... Bangkoks Democracy Monument: a representation of the 1932 Constitution sits on top of two golden offering bowls above a turret. ... The Constitutional Court of Thailand (Thai: ศาลรัฐธรรมนูญ) is an independent Thai court established under the 1997 Constitution with jurisdiction over the constitutionality of parliamentary acts, royal decrees, draft legislation, as well as the appointment and removal of public officials and issues regarding political parties. ... Thailands foreign policy includes support for ASEAN in the interest of regional stability and emphasis on a close and longstanding security relationship with the United States. ... The National Assembly (Rathasapha) is the legislative branch of the government of Thailand. ... PADs protesters marching in Siamsquare district The Peoples Alliance for Democracy is a coalition of protesters against the government of Thaksin Shinawatra, Prime Minister of Thailand. ... Sonthi Boonyaratkalin (right) named Man of the Year 2006 by Khom Chad Luek newspaper along with Sondhi Limthongkul General Sonthi Boonyaratglin (Thai: , RTGS: Sonthi Bunyaratkalin) (b. ... Combatants  Thailand Mujahideen Pattani Movement (BNP) Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) Pattani Islamic Mujahideen Movement (GMIP) Mujahideen Islamic Pattani Group National Revolution Front (BRN) Pattani Liberation National Front (BNPP) Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) Commanders Bunrot Somthat Surayud Chulanont Wan Kadir Wan Che Casualties More than 3,000 killed 2,729 civilian... Mom Rajawongse Pridiyathorn Devakula (Thai: born 15 July 1947) has been Governor of the Bank of Thailand since 2001. ... General Prem Tinsulanonda (Thai: , born August 26, 1920) is a former Thai military officer and was Prime Minister of Thailand from March 3, 1980 to Aug 4, 1988. ... General (ret. ... Wikinews has news related to: Category:2006 Thailand coup The 2006 Thailand coup détat took place on Tuesday 19 September 2006, when the Royal Thai Army staged a coup against the government of caretaker Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. ... The Thai 2006 interim civilian government is the Thai provisional civilian government headed by Interim Prime Minister General Surayud Chulanont. ... Thai Rak Thai Logo Thai Rak Thai (Thai: , lit. ... “Thaksin” redirects here. ... The agriculture of Thailand, may be traced through historical, scientific, and social aspects which produced modern Thailands unique approach to agriculture. ... ISO 4217 Code THB User(s) Thailand Inflation 4. ... The Bank of Thailand (ธนาคารแห่งประเทศไทย) is the central bank of the Thailand. ... List of banks in Thailand Bank of Ayudhya Bangkok Bank US$30. ... Bureau of the Crown Property or Crown Property Bureau (Thai: สำนักงานทรัพย์สินส่วนพระมหากษัตริย์) is a Thai government agency responsible for managing the personal wealth of the King of Thailand and his immediate family. ... The Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) is the national stock exchange of Thailand. ... Departure screen at Suvarnabhumi Structure at Suvarnabhumi Airport Terminal Suvarnabhumi Airport (Thai: ),(IATA: BKK, ICAO: VTBS), also known as (New) Bangkok International Airport, is the international airport serving Bangkok, Thailand. ... Headquarters Thai Airways International Public Company Limited (Thai: ) (SET: THAI) is the national air carrier of Thailand, operating out of Suvarnabhumi Airport, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance network. ... Thaksinomics is a term used to refer to the economic policies of Thaksin Shinawatra, Prime Minister of Thailand since 2001. ... Tourism in Thailand is a major economic factor of Thailand. ... Tuk-tuks are a major form of public transport in Bangkok and other cities in Thailand. ... President George Bush and Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra announced the intention to negotiate a US Thailand FTA on October 19, 2003 during President Bushs state visit to Thailand on the eve of the APEC Leaders Meeting in Bangkok. ... The railway network of Thailand is currently managed and operated by the State Railway of Thailand (SRT). ... The Thai motorway network (th:ทางหลวงพิเศษระหว่างเมือง) is an intercity motorway network that currently spans 145 kilometers. ... The Bangkok Metropolitan Area (Thai: ) is the urban area of Bangkok, Thailand and its surrounding provinces. ... Origin of the Chao Phraya River in Nakhon Sawan A view of the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok The Chao Phraya (Thai: ) is a major river in Thailand, with its low alluvial river plain marking the mainland of the country. ... Thailands population is relatively homogeneous. ... The Doi Inthanon (Thai ดอยอินทนนท์) is the highest mountain of Thailand. ... The Gulf of Thailand is a gulf located in the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean), surrounded by the countries Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. ... The beach at Khao Lak before the tsunami of 2004 Khao Lak is a resort beach in Thailand, located 100 km north of Phuket in Takua Pa district, Phang Nga province and popular as a departure point for liveaboard scuba diving trips. ... Khao Yai National Park (Thai เขาใหญ่) is a national park in Thailand. ... The Khorat Plateau is a highland in the north-east of Thailand, also called Isan. ... Ko Chang (Thai: ) is the second largest island of Thailand, located on the Thai east coast 310 km away from Bangkok near the border to Cambodia in the Gulf of Thailand. ... Ko Samet (เกาะเสม็ด), also Koh Samet or Koh Samed, is an island off the eastern coast of the Thai province of Rayong. ... Na Thon viewed from the mountain jungle Chaweng as seen departing from Ko Samui Airport Ko Samui (or Koh Samui, Thai: ) is an island off the east coast of the Kra Isthmus in Thailand, close to the mainland Surat Thani town. ... The Isthmus of Kra The Kra Isthmus is the narrow landbridge which connects the Malay Peninsula with the mainland of Asia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Mekong is one of the world’s major rivers. ... Categories: Thailand geography stubs | Geography of Thailand ... Location of Phi Phi Islands Maya Bay on Ko Phi Phi Leh The famous beaches Internal lake connecting through a cave to the open sea. ... Three Pagodas Pass (Thai ด่านเจดีย์สามองค์, pronounced Darn Chedi Sam Ong) is a pass through the Bilauktaung Mountains on the border between Thailand and Myanmar, at an altitude of 282 metres. ... Thailand is divided into 75 provinces (Thai: , changwat, singular and plural), which are grouped into 5 groups of provinces - sometimes the East and Central are grouped together. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Chiang Mai (Thai เชียงใหม่) is the second-biggest province (changwat) of Thailand, located in the north of the country. ... Chiang Rai (Thai เชียงราย) is the most northern province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Chon Buri (Thai ชลบุรี) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. ... Kanchanaburi (Thai กาญจนบุรี) is the largest of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Khon Kaen (Thai ขอนแก่น) is the second-largest of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nakhon Ratchasima (Thai: ), often shortened to Korat or Khorat, is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Nakhon Si Thammarat (often in short Nakhon, Thai นครศรีธรรมราช) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, at the eastern shore of the Gulf of Thailand. ... Narathiwat (Thai นราธิวาส) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... This article is about southern province of Thailand. ... Phuket redirects here. ... Songkhla (Thai: ) is the one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Ubon Ratchathani (often in short Ubon, Thai อุบลราชธานี) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Udon Thani (Thai อุดรธานี) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. ... Yala (Thai: ) is the southernmost province (changwat) of Thailand. ... The Culture of Thailand is heavily influenced by Buddhism. ... It has been suggested that Thai contemporary art be merged into this article or section. ... Buddhism in Thailand is largely of the Theravada school. ... // Wat Mahathat Wat Chaiwatthanaram Wat Lokayasutharam Wat Mahathat Wat Maheyong Wat Na Phra Men Wat Niwetthammaprawat Wat Phra Sri Sanphet Wat Phra Ram Wat Phananchoeng Wat Phutthaisawan Wat Ratchaburana Wat Suwandararam Wat Yai Chai Mongkhon Chedi Phra Sri Suriyotai Vihara Phra Mongkhon Bophit Wat Benchamabophit Wat Anongkaram Wat Arun Wat... The cinema of Thailand has a history that stretches back to early days of filmmaking, when King Chulalongkorns 1897 visit to Berne, Switzerland was recorded by Francois-Henri Lavancy-Clarke. ... Thai seafood curry Tom yam gung Thai cuisine is known for its balance of five fundamental flavors in each dish or the overall meal - hot (spicy), sour, sweet, salty and bitter (optional). ... Khon performance in 2006 in Germany. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of Thailand shows five horizontal stripes in the colours red, white, blue, white and red. ... Ladyboy redirects here. ... Lakorn (Thai: ), while usually meaning play in the Thai language, is also the term for dramatic television serials (soap operas). ... Literature in Thailand was traditionally heavily influenced by Indian culture. ... Thai (, transcription: phasa thai, transliteration: ; IPA: ), is the national and official language of Thailand and the mother tongue of the Thai people, Thailands dominant ethnic group. ... Fireworks and large rafts on the Chao Phraya River, Loy Krathong Festival of Light, Bangkok, November 2004 Loy Krathong (or Loi Kratong, Thai ลอยกระทง) is a festival celebrated annually throughout Thailand. ... Thailand has a well-developed media sector, especially by Southeast Asian standards. ... For the drink with a similar-sounding name, see Mai Tai. ... Thailand retains cultural connections with the two great centers of Asian civilizations, India and China. ... The list of free-to-air television stations include: Channel 3 (BEC-Bangkok Entertainment Company) Royal Thai Army TV (Channel 5) (Royal Thai Army Radio and Television) Channel 7 (Bangkok Broadcasting & Television Company Limited under license from Royal Thai Army. ... Thai names follow the Western pattern in which the family name follows a first or given name. ... The National Museum in Thailand is the main museum on the history of the Thai culture. ... New Year celebration near Khao Sarn Road The Thai New Year (Thai: Songkran) is celebrated every year on 13 April to 15 April. ... Public holidays in Thailand UN Thailand: Official Holidays in 2006 Thai Calendar of Events Categories: | | ... Figure of a giant at the golden chedi in Wat Phra Kaew Ramakien is Thailands national epic, derived from the Indian Ramayana epic. ... The Royal Flora Ratchaphruek is a flower festival scheduled for November 1, 2006, to January 31, 2007, in the Thai city of Chiang Mai. ... The Thai greeting referred to as the wai (Thai: ไหว้) Or in Lao as Kub consists of a slight bow, with the palms pressed together in a prayer-like fashion. ... // For men, the traditional dress is trousers with a seua phra ratchathan, a short-sleeved shirt (long-sleeved for formal occasions) with a high collarless neck. ... Pridi Phanomyong Pridi Phanomyong (May 11, 1900 - May 2, 1983) was a Thai politician. ... Bhumibol Adulyadej (Thai: ; IPA: ; Royal Institute: Phumiphon Adunyadet;  ) (born Saturday,December 5, 1927 in the Year of the Rabbit), is the current King of Thailand. ... Thailand has an extensive network of telephone lines spanning throughout the country. ... A couple of Mahouts riding elephants at the Nature Park The Elephant Nature Park is a unique project set in Northern Thailand. ... Over the past few decades, Thailands dramatic economic growth has produced new environmental challenges in this once-agrarian society. ... Chakri Mahaprasad Hall The Grand Palace (Thai พระบรมมหาราชวัง, Phra Borom Maha Ratcha Wang) is a complex of buildings in Bangkok, Thailand. ... Prostitution in Thailand was first mentioned in the West in reports by European sailors visiting what was then called Siam as early as the 16th and 17th centuries. ... King Bhumibol and Queen Sirikit on their coronation day This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Royal Thai Military (กองทัพไทย) is the name of the military of Thailand. ... Thai royal and noble titles signify relationship to the King. ... Following are the list of shopping malls in Thailand by cities: // Amporn (3 Stores) Ayutthya Park Robinson Tesco Lotus, Ayutthaya Jitwilai Ayutthaya Center Point Sai Bazaar Phrom Plaza Rojana Plaza 9 Plaza Thongdee Plaza Promsuk Place Ayutthaya Grand Bazaar Big Kings Smile Bazaar Tesco Lotus , Nava Nakorn-Bang Pa In... Thai Studies is an intellectual category used by research universities around the world as a way of bringing together specialists from different disciplines such as history, anthropology, religious studies, political science, Thai language, Thai literature, and musicology who are doing research in these areas in the country of Thailand. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Population and Housing Census 2000, National Statistical Office
  2. ^ a b c d CIA world factbook - Thailand
  3. ^ Thailand (Siam) History, CSMngt-Thai.
  4. ^ จิตร ภูมิศักดิ์ 1976: "ความเป็นมาของคำสยาม ไทย ลาวและขอม และลักษณะทางสังคม ของชื่อชนชาติ" (Jid Phumisak 1976: "Coming Into Existence for the Siamese Words for Thai, Laotian and Khmer and Societal Characteristics for Nation-names")
  5. ^ The Council of State, Constitutions of Thailand. This list contains 2 errors: it states that the 6th constitution was promulgated in 1912 (rather than 1952) , and it states that the 11th constitution was promulgated in 1976 (rather than 1974).
  6. ^ Thanet Aphornsuvan, The Search for Order: Constitutions and Human Rights in Thai Political HistoryPDF (152 KiB), 2001 Symposium: Constitutions and Human Rights in a Global Age: An Asia Pacific perspective
  7. ^ A list of previous coups in Thailand
  8. ^ A list of recent coups in Thailand's history
  9. ^ Kittipong Kittayarak, The Thai Constitution of 1997 and its Implication on Criminal Justice ReformPDF (221 KiB)
  10. ^ Robert B. Albritton and Thawilwadee Bureekul, Developing Democracy under a New Constitution in ThailandPDF (319 KiB), National Taiwan University and Academia Sinica Asian Barometer Project Office Working Paper Series No. 28, 2004
  11. ^ Pongsudhirak Thitinan, "Victory places Thaksin at crossroads", Bangkok Post, 9 February 2005
  12. ^ "Unprecedented 72% turnout for latest poll", The Nation, February 10, 2005. 
  13. ^ Aurel Croissant and Daniel J. Pojar, Jr., Quo Vadis Thailand? Thai Politics after the 2005 Parliamentary Election, Strategic Insights, Volume IV, Issue 6 (June 2005)
  14. ^ The Nation, NLA 'doesn't represent' all of the people, 14 October 2006
  15. ^ The Nation, Assembly will not play a major role, 14 October 2006
  16. ^ The Nation, Interim charter draft, 27 September 2006
  17. ^ "Ban on political activities lifted", The Nation, July 18, 2007. 
  18. ^ CIA world factbook - Greater Mekong Subregion
  19. ^ a b IRRI country profile
  20. ^ Weights and measures in Thailand
  21. ^ Muay Thai History
  22. ^ Cooperation of IRRI and ThailandPDF (38.7 KiB)

“PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to...

External links

Find more about Thailand on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
Textbooks
Quotations
Source texts
Images and media
News stories
Learning resources

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

Official

  • Thaigov.go.th Royal Government of Thailand
  • Tourism Authority of Thailand Official tourism website
  • Thai National Assembly Official Thai Parliament website
  • Mfa.go.th Thailand Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Thailand Internet Information National Electronics and Computer Technology Center

Other

Geographic locale
International membership

For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Absolute monarchy is a monarchical form of government where the monarch has the power to rule his or her land or country and its citizens freely, with no laws or legally-organized direct opposition in force. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... [--168. ... An elective monarchy is a monarchy ruled by a monarch who is elected by a group. ... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ... Alo, also known unofficially as Tu`a, is one of the three official chiefdoms of the French territory of Wallis and Futuna, which encompasses the eastern two thirds (53 km² out of 83 km²) of Futuna Island, and mostly uninhabited Alofi Island (32 km², pop. ... Ankole, originally known as Nkore, is one of the four traditional kingdoms of Uganda. ... For other uses, see Ashanti (disambiguation). ... The flag of Buganda Buganda is the kingdom of the 52 clans of the Baganda people, the largest of the traditional kingdoms in present-day Uganda. ... Bunyoro flag The current Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara and its districts Bunyoro is a region of Uganda, and from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century one of the most powerful kingdoms of East Africa. ... The flag of Busoga Kingdom of Busoga and its districts Busoga is the kingdom of the 11 principalities of the Basoga people, one of the five traditional kingdoms in present-day Uganda. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... Sigave is one of the three official chiefdoms of the French territory of Wallis and Futuna, which is located on the western part of Futuna Island. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Original Kingdom of Toro and its districts Kingdom of Toro since 1993 Toro is one of the four traditional kingdoms located within the borders of Uganda. ... For the Pacific island, see Wallis Island. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... Zululand was the Zulu-dominated area of what is now northern KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... The Commonwealth Realms, shown in pink A Commonwealth Realm is any one of the sixteen sovereign states within the Commonwealth of Nations that recognise Elizabeth II as their respective monarch. ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Thailand - Travel guide and hotels (261 words)
Thailand is a fascinating and exotic country to explore.
We have been building and operating travel websites in Thailand and throughout SE Asia since 1995, working closely with the Tourism Working Group of the Greater Mekong Subregion and the Tourist Authority of Thailand.
So, for complete information on Thailand travel, hotels, tours, diving, shopping, spas, last minute Hotels offers or any one of the hundreds of things to see and do, gothailand.com is now the definitive guide.
thailand map and map of thailand information page (0 words)
Thailand is currently facing armed violence in its three Muslim-majority southernmost provinces, but the country works hard with Malaysia to control the situation and the proliferation of terrorism.
Landforms Thailand's terrain includes relatively high mountains in the north, that extend southward (in a narrow strip) along its Burma border to the northern edges of Malaysia.
Thailand temperatures (March - May) range from an average high of 95° F to lows near 70° F. Temperatures (November - January) moderate rather dramatically with daily highs averaging in the mid 70s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m