FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Thai solar calendar

The Thai solar, or Suriyakati (สุริยคติ), calendar is used in traditional and official contexts in Thailand, although the Western calendar is sometimes used in business. A calendar is a system for naming periods of time, typically days. ...


The months and days of the week are the same as those used in the western Gregorian calendar, only their names differ. The year, however, is counted from the Buddhist Era (B.E.), which is 543 years earlier than the Christian Era (A.D.). For example, 2005 A.D. is equivalent to 2548 B.E. The era is based on the passing away (Parinibbana) of Gautama Buddha, which is dated to 543 BC by the Thai. (It is important to remember that only from January 1, 1941 onwards does this 543 addition/subtraction rule work perfectly. See below) The Gregorian calendar is the calendar widely used in the Western world. ... The Common Era (CE), also known as the Christian Era and sometimes as the Current Era, is the period beginning with the year 1 onwards. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Standing Buddha, ancient region of Gandhara, northern Pakistan, 1st century CE, Musée Guimet. ... Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 590s BC - 580s BC - 570s BC - 560s BC - 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC - 490s BC Events and Trends 548 BC -- Croesus, Lydian king, defeated by Cyrus. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Until 1888 Thailand used a lunar calendar, in which the date of the New Year (Songkran) was between April 13 and 15. The new calendar, decreed by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), was called Ratana Kosindra Sok, and was nearly identical with the western Gregorian calendar. Year counting, however, was in reference of the date of the founding of Bangkok (Ratana Kosindra), April 6, 1782 (the first day of Year 1 Ratana Kosindra Era). King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) changed the year counting to Buddhist Era in 1912 and fixed the start of a year to April 1 (not sure who actually did the latter). 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... The Thai lunar calendar or Patitin Chantarakati (Thai: ปฏิทินจันทรคติ) was replaced by the Patitin Suriyakati (ปฎิทินสุริยคติ) Thai solar calendar in AD 1888 2431 BE for most purposes, but the Chantarakati still determines most Buddhist feast or holy days, as well as a day for the famous Loy Krathong festival. ... The Thai New Year (สงกรานต์ = Songkran in Thai language) is celebrated every year on April 13 to April 15. ... April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (104th in leap years). ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... His Majesty King Rama V of Siam, with his son, HRH Crown Prince Maha Vajirunnahis (portrait in National History Museum, Bangkok) King Chulalongkorn the Great or Rama V (royal name: Phra Chula Chomklao Chaoyuhua; Thai script: พระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) (September 20, 1853 - October 23, 1910) was the fifth king of the Chakri dynasty... The Gregorian calendar is the calendar widely used in the Western world. ... Bangkok from the Chao Phraya River at sunset, July 2004 The Modern Bangkok Skyline. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Statue of His Majesty King Rama VI of Siam in Lumphini Park, central Bangkok Vajiravudh (January 1, 1880 – November 25, 1925) (also known as Rama VI, reigning title Phra Mongkut Klao Chaoyuhua; Thai-script พระบาทสมเด็จพระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) was King of Siam (now Thailand) from 1910 until his death. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ...


In 1941 (2484 B.E.), per decree by Prime Minister Phibunsongkhram, January 1 became the official start of a new year (so year 2483 B.E. had only nine months). When converting a date prior to that year, one should check whether it falls between January 1 and March 31: if so the number to add or subtract is 542, not 543. 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Field Marshall Phibunsongkhram (July 14, 1887 - June 11, 1964) (also sometimes spelled Phibul Songkhram or Pibul Songgram) was prime minister and military dictator in Thailand from 1938-1944 and 1948-1957. ...


Today, both New Year's Day (January 1) and Songkran (April 13-15) are public holidays. The buddhist feasts are still calculated according to the lunar calendar, so their dates change in the solar calendar every year.

Months
English name Thai Name Transcription
January มกราคม Mogga-raa-khom
February กุมภาพันธ์ Goomphaaphan
March มีนาคม Meenaa-khom
April เมษายน May-saa-yon
May พฤษภาคม Prues-saphaa-khom
June มิถุนายน Mithu-naa-yon
July กรกฎาคม Garagadaa-khom
August สิงหาคม Singhaa-khom
September กันยายน Gan-yaa-yon
October ตุลาคม Tulaa-khom
November พฤศจิกายน Prues-sajigaa-yon
December ธันวาคม Thanwaa-khom

Notice that the months with 30 days end with -yon (-ยน),
January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... February is the second month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... This article is about the month of May. ... June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... September is the ninth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four Gregorian months with the length of 30 days. ... October is the tenth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ...

and the months with 31 days end with -khom (-คม).
Weekdays
English name Thai Name Transcription
Monday วันจันทร์ wan jan
Tuesday วันอังคาร wan angkhaan
Wednesday วันพุธ wan phut
Thursday วันพฤหัสบดี wan pharuehatsabordee
Friday วันศุกร์ wan suk
Saturday วันเสาร์ wan sao
Sunday วันอาทิตย์ wan aa-thit
The colours are the traditional Thai
birthday colours.
Thursday is colloquially called 'วันพฤหัส' (wan pharuehat).

Monday is considerd either the first or the second day of the week, between Sunday and Tuesday. ... Tuesday is considered either the second or the third day of the week, between Monday and Wednesday. ... Wednesday is considered either the third or the fourth day of the week, between Tuesday and Thursday. ... Thursday is considered either the fourth or the fifth day of the week, between Wednesday and Friday. ... Friday is considered either the fifth or the sixth day of the week, between Thursday and Saturday. ... Saturday is the day of the week between Friday and Sunday. ... Sunday is considered either the first or the seventh day of the week, between Saturday and Monday, and the second day of the weekend in some cultures. ...

See also


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Calendar Magic (1024 words)
Calendar Magic is an easy-to-use freeware Windows 95, 98, Me, XP, 32-bit Vista based program that is entertaining, informative, educational, and of equal applicability in the home and in the office.
When Calendar Magic is started up, both visual and audible warnings are given for "imminent" events (those occurring within the next seven days) for which reminders have been set.
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