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Encyclopedia > Teutonic Order
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Teutonic Knights, charging into battle. Note the distinct black cross on the white background.

The Teutonic Order ( German (Deutsch) Spoken in: Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and 38 other countries. Region: Europe Total speakers: 120 million Ranking: 9 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Germanic   West Germanic    Old High German    Middle High German    Modern German Official status Official language... German: Deutscher Orden; For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. It gained great importance as the formal language of the Roman Empire. All Romance languages are descended from Latin, and many words based on Latin are found in other modern languages... Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum) was a German Crusade Series First Crusade Peoples Crusade German Crusade, 1096 Crusade of 1101 Second Crusade Third Crusade Fourth Crusade Albigensian Crusade Childrens Crusade Fifth Crusade Sixth Crusade Seventh Crusade Shepherds Crusade Eighth Crusade Ninth Crusade Northern Crusades This article is about historical Crusades . For other uses, see Crusade (disambiguation... crusading Christian military orders appeared following the First Crusade. The foundation of the Templars in 1118 provided the first in a series of tightly organised military forces which protected the Christian colonies in the Middle East, as well as fighting non-Christians in Spain and Eastern Europe. The principle feature of... military order under The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. Members generally prefer the term Catholic Church, but this term has multiple meanings (see Catholicism); the term Roman Catholic Church is used in this article to avoid... Roman Catholic religious vows which was formed at the end of the (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant... 12th century in Akko (Hebrew עכו; Arabic عكّا ʿAkkā; also, Acre, Accho, Acco, and St.-Jean dAcre), is a city in Western Galilee in the North District, Israel. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), at the end of 2003 the city had... Acre (Akko) in Palestine (Latin: Syria Palæstina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina, ארץ־ישראל Eretz Yisrael; Arabic: فلسطين Filasṭīn), is a region in the Middle East extending inland from the eastern shore of... Palestine to give medical aid to pilgrims to the holy places. They wore white coats with a black cross. After Christian forces were defeated in the A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. The Middle East is a... Middle East, in Years: 1208 1209 1210 - 1211 - 1212 1213 1214 Decades: 1180s 1190s 1200s - 1210s - 1220s 1230s 1240s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events The oldest extant double entry bookeeping record dates from 1211 Canons regular of the Order of... 1211 they moved to For other uses, see Transylvania (disambiguation). Transylvania (Romanian: Transilvania or Ardeal, Hungarian: Erdély, German: Siebenbürgen, Serbian: Transilvanija, Turkish: Erdel, Slovak: Sedmohradsko, Polish: Siedmiogród) is a historic region that forms the western and the central parts of Romania. Contents // 1 Geography 2 Economy 3 Population 4 Etymology 5... Transylvania, from where they were soon expelled in Years: 1222 1223 1224 - 1225 - 1226 1227 1228 Decades: 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events Births Thomas Aquinas, Christian philosopher and theologian. Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon... 1225. After that they moved to northern For other uses, see Poland is a country in Central Europe. Poland is also the name of some places in the United States of America: Poland, Maine Poland, New York Poland, Ohio This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Poland, where they soon created the independent In 1220 Prussians invaded territories of Conrad of Masovia, in reaction Conrad called on the pope and the emperor for a Crusade. The results were edicts calling for Crusades against the marauding, heathen Prussians. Many of Europes knights joined in these Crusades, which lasted sixty years. In 1243, the... Teutonic Order state. The agressiveness of the Order posed a threat to the neigbouring states, especially those of Poland and The Republic of Lithuania (in Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) Spoken in: Lithuania and 18 other countries Region: Eastern Europe Total speakers: 4 million Ranking: Genetic classification: Indo-European  Baltic   Eastern    Lithuanian Official status Official language of: Lithuania Regulated by: - Language codes ISO 639-1... Lithuania. In Years: 1407 1408 1409 - 1410 - 1411 1412 1413 Decades: 1380s 1390s 1400s - 1410s - 1420s 1430s 1440s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events July 15 – Lithuanian forces under the cousins Władysław Jagiełło of Poland and Witowt of Lithuania decisively defeat the... 1410 at the For the 1914 battle at the same location, refer to Battle of Tannenberg (1914) Bitwa pod Grunwaldem, a 1878 painting by Jan Matejko. Battle of Grunwald Conflict 1409-1411 war Date July 15, 1410 Place Grunwald/Tannenberg Result Decisive Polish and Lithuanian victory Combatants alliance of Kingdom of Poland and... Battle of Grunwald (also known as the battle of Stębark (German:Tannenberg) is a village in Poland. See also Battle of Grunwald Battle of Tannenberg (1914). External links The official website of the city of Olsztynek/Stębark: http://olsztynek.com.pl/ ... Tannenberg), a Polish-Lithuanian army decisively defeated the Order and broke its military power. The power of the Order declined since then and in Years: 1522 1523 1524 - 1525 - 1526 1527 1528 Decades: 1490s 1500s 1510s - 1520s - 1530s 1540s 1550s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century 1525 in science Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other... 1525 its then Grand Master, Albert (May 16, 1490 - March 20, 1568), (Albertus in Latin, Albrecht in German) Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and first duke of Ducal Prussia, was the third son of Frederick of Hohenzollern, prince of Ansbach and Bayreuth, and Sophia, daughter of Casimir IV Jagiello grand duke of Lithuania and... Albert of Brandenburg, converted to The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. See Protestantism for further discussion. Contents // 1 History of Lutheranism 1.1 Early history 1.2 Other Protestant reformers 1.3 Religious war 1.4 Results of the Lutheran Reformation 2 Lutheran doctrine 2.1... Lutheranism and assumed the title and rights of For the scientific journal Heredity see Heredity (journal) Heredity (the adjective is hereditary) is the transfer of characters from parent to offspring, either through their genes or through the social institution called inheritance (for example, a title of nobility is passed from individual to individual according to relevant customs and... hereditary The Prussian Tribute, oil on canvas by Jan Matejko, 1882, 388 x 875 cm, National Museum in Kraków. Albrecht Hohenzollern receives the Duchy of Prussia as a fief from the Polish King, Sigismundus I the Elder in 1525. Ducal Prussia was between (1525–1657) a fief of Poland... Duke of Prussia. The Grand Masters, often members of the great German families (and, after Years: 1758 1759 1760 - 1761 - 1762 1763 1764 Decades: 1730s 1740s 1750s - 1760s - 1770s 1780s 1790s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1761 in art 1761 in literature 1761 in music 1761 in science List of state leaders in 1761 List of religious leaders in 1761 Contents // 1 Events... 1761, by members of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine), continued to preside over the Order's considerable holdings in Germany until Years: Years: 1803 1804 1805 - 1806 - 1807 1808 1809 Decades: 1770s 1780s 1790s - 1800s - 1810s 1820s 1830s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1806 in art 1806 in literature 1806 in music 1806 in science 1806 in sports List of state leaders in 1806 List of religious leaders in... 1809, when For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). Portrait of Napoléon Bonaparte Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general and ruler of France. He was a general of the French Revolution and became the effective ruler of France in 1799: he was First Consul (Premier... Napoleon ordered its dissolution and the Order lost its last secular holdings. The order continued to exist, headed by Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. Their principal roles were as: Holy Roman Emperors for several centuries to 1806, and rulers of Austria (as dukes 1282–1453, archdukes 1453–1804, and emperors 1804–1918... Habsburgs through the Download high resolution version (800x769, 100 KB)Soldiers of an Australian 4th Division field artillery brigade on a duckboard track passing through Chateau Wood, near Hooge in the Ypres salient, October 29, 1917. The photograph was taken by James Francis Hurley. The leading soldier is Gunner James Fulton and the... First World War, and today operates primarily as a Charity is a term in Christian theology (one of the three virtues), meaning loving kindness towards others; it is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it is said to both glorify and reflect the nature of God. In its most extreme form charity can be... charitable organization.

Contents

History

The order was formed at the end of the (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant... 12th century in Palestine (Latin: Syria Palæstina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina, ארץ־ישראל Eretz Yisrael; Arabic: فلسطين Filasṭīn), is a region in the Middle East extending inland from the eastern shore of... Palestine to give medical aid to pilgrims to the holy places. They received For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). Pope John Paul II has reigned since 22 Oct 1978. The Pope is the Catholic bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches (note that the name within the communion is simply the one Holy Catholic... Papal orders for crusades to take and hold For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). Jerusalem (Modern Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushaláyim, Biblical and trad. Sephardi Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַםִ, Arabic: القدس al-Quds, see... Jerusalem for Latin For other uses of the term Christian, see This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go back and fix it to point directly to the intended... Christianity. They were based at Akko (Hebrew עכו; Arabic عكّا ʿAkkā; also, Acre, Accho, Acco, and St.-Jean dAcre), is a city in Western Galilee in the North District, Israel. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), at the end of 2003 the city had... Acre (Akko). When the mission of the order in Palestine (Latin: Syria Palæstina; Hebrew: פלשתינה Palestina, ארץ־ישראל Eretz Yisrael; Arabic: فلسطين Filasṭīn), is a region in the Middle East extending inland from the eastern shore of... Palestine was nearing its end, the Teutonic Knights moved their headquarter to For other uses, see Venice (disambiguation). Venice is known for its waterways and gondolas Gondola. Venice (Italian Venezia), the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto, population 274,000 (2003). The city stretches across numerous small islands in a marshy lagoon along the Adriatic Sea in... Venice and offered their services to Christian rulers confronted with hostile non-Christian neighbors. In Years: 1208 1209 1210 - 1211 - 1212 1213 1214 Decades: 1180s 1190s 1200s - 1210s - 1220s 1230s 1240s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events The oldest extant double entry bookeeping record dates from 1211 Canons regular of the Order of... 1211, Andrew II (1175-1235) (Hungarian:II. András,Slovak:Ondrej II) was a son of Bela III of Hungary and succeeded his nephew, the infant Ladislaus III, in 1205. No other king of Hungary, perhaps, was so mischievous to his country. Valiant, enterprising, pious as he was, all these fine... Andrew II of The Republic of Hungary (Magyar Köztársaság) or Hungary (Magyarország) is a A landlocked country is one that has no coastline. There are 42 landlocked countries in the world. A landlocked sea is a sea that is not connected to the oceans: the... Hungary accepted their services and granted them district of Burzenland in For other uses, see Transylvania (disambiguation). Transylvania (Romanian: Transilvania or Ardeal, Hungarian: Erdély, German: Siebenbürgen, Serbian: Transilvanija, Turkish: Erdel, Slovak: Sedmohradsko, Polish: Siedmiogród) is a historic region that forms the western and the central parts of Romania. Contents // 1 Geography 2 Economy 3 Population 4 Etymology 5... Transylvania. Andrew had been involved in negotiations for the marriage of his daughter with the son of Hermann, the Landgrave of State Service Flag Civil Flag Statistics Capital: Erfurt Area: 16,171 km² Inhabitants: 2 392 000 (2003) pop. density: 148 people/km² Homepage: thueringen.de (http://www.thueringen.de/) ISO 3166-2: DE-TH Politics Minister-president: Dieter Althaus (CDU) Ruling party: CDU Map The Free State of Thuringia... Thuringia, whose vassals included the family of Hermann of Salza (c. 1179 - March 20, 1239) was the fourth Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights from 1209 to 1239 and an important politician of his age. He was possibly born around 1179, to a ministerial family from Thuringia. The precise time of his entry into the Order is... Hermann of Salza, the new grand master of the Teutonic Order. Led by a brother called Theoderich, the Order defended Hungary against the neighbouring The Cumans, also known as Polovtsy (Slavic for yellowish) were a nomadic West Turkic tribe living on the north of the Black Sea along the Volga. They are identified with the Western branch of the Kipchaks. They invaded Southern Ukraine, Moldova, Wallachia and part of Transylvania in the 11th century... Cumans. In Years: 1221 1222 1223 - 1224 - 1225 1226 1227 Decades: 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Events Foundation of the University of Naples Livonian Brothers of the Sword conquers Latgallians Births Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of... 1224 they petitioned Honorius III, né Cencio Savelli (b. 1148 d. March 18, 1227), was pope from 1216 to 1227. He was born at Rome in 1148 as Cencio Savelli, and died at Rome on 18 March, 1227. His family was named after the fortress of Sabellum, near Albano. Contents // 1 Early Work... Pope Honorius III to be placed directly under the authority of the Papal See, rather than of the King of Hungary. King Andrew responded by expelling them in Years: 1222 1223 1224 - 1225 - 1226 1227 1228 Decades: 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events Births Thomas Aquinas, Christian philosopher and theologian. Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon... 1225.


At that time   Kings, Dukes and High-Dukes of Poland Popiel | Siemowit | Lestko | Siemomysł | Mieszko I | Boleslaus I the Brave | Mieszko II Lambert | Bezprym | Mieszko II Lambert | Casimir I the Restorer | Boleslaus II the Generous | Wladislaus I Herman | Zbigniew | Boleslaus III the Wrymouth | Wladislaus II the Exile | Boleslaus IV the Curly... Konrad I Mazowiecki, For other uses, see Duke (disambiguation). The term duke is a title of nobility which refers to the sovereign male ruler of a Continental European duchy, to a nobleman of the highest grade of the British peerage, or to the highest rank of nobility in various other European countries, including... duke of Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital in Warsaw. History Masovia was conquered probably by Mieszko I, duke of Polans and first historical ruler of Poland in the 10th century. During the chaos following the death of Mieszko II in 1033... Masovia in west-central For other uses, see Poland is a country in Central Europe. Poland is also the name of some places in the United States of America: Poland, Maine Poland, New York Poland, Ohio This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Poland, appealed to the Knights to defend his realm and to subdue the native The Prussian people, or (old) Prussians, were Indo-European Balts inhabiting the area around the Curonian and Vistula Lagoons (i.e., Baltic Prussia). Their lands were later called East Prussia. They were a distinct ethnic group, neither Germanic nor Slavic, that spoke the Old Prussian language, which was a Baltic... Prussians, a non-Christian People of Baltic descent. That includes populations of Lithuania. Categories: Stub ... Baltic people. He gave the Order the Chelmno Land or Culmland (Polish: Ziemia Chełmińska, German: Kulmerland, Kulmer Land, Culmerland or Culmer Land) is the traditional name for a district around the city of Chełmno, in north-western Poland. The biggest cities are Torun, Grudziadz, Chelmno and Chelmza. Chelmno and Torun lay... Chelmno Land as a Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud or fee, consisted of heritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a vassal knights service (usually fealty, military service, and security). It usually required the vassal to obey conditions of customary and specified... fief ( Years: 1223 1224 1225 - 1226 - 1227 1228 1229 Decades: 1190s 1200s 1210s - 1220s - 1230s 1240s 1250s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1226 state leaders Events Carmelite Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II calls Imperial Diet of Cremona Births Deaths October 3 Saint Francis of Assisi founder... 1226) for the time until the conquest was over. Soon the Teutonic knights annexed part of the smaller order of The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Bracia Dobrzyńscy. Brothers of Dobrzyn (Polish Bracia Dobrzyńscy) also known as Prussian Cavaliers of Jesus Christ and in Latin as Fratres Milites Christi (de Prussia, de Dobrzyn, de Mazovia), were... Bracia Dobrzynscy and their Dobrzyn Land. The conquest of The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prusai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia... Prussia was accomplished with great bloodshed over more than 50 years, during which the Prussians were subjugated and forced to adopt Christianity. Eventually the Order transferred its headquarters to a huge brick castle it built at Malbork (pronounce: [malbork], Latin: Civitas Beatae Virginis, German: Marienburg) is a town in northern Poland in the Zulawy region, with 39,000 inhabitants (1998), capital of Malbork County. Situated in the Pomeranian Voivodship since 1999, previously in Elblag Voivodship (1975-1998). Castle 2003 (zoom). History The city of Marienburg in... Malbork ( There are many fortresses, castles, and towns of this name. Some are: A castle built by the Teutonic Knights in Prussia, that soon developed into a city in the Royal Prussia, from 1309 to 1454 the capital of the Teutonic Order state. Polish name: Malbork. A town in Niederalfingen, Germany... Marienburg) on the Nogat is one of the arms of the Vistula river, in the Vistula delta. Goes to Vistula Bay. Main cities: Malbork. Categories: Stub | Polish rivers ... Nogat River south of For alternative meanings of Gdańsk and Danzig, see Gdansk (disambiguation) and Danzig (disambiguation) The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is Gdańsk. Gdańsk (Flag) (Coat of Arms) Motto: Nec temere, nec timide (Neither rashly nor timidly... Gdansk (Danzig). The Order did not conquer Prussia in order to incorporate it into Poland, but instead ruled it under permits issued by both the Pope and the The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. The terminology of the title is somewhat confusing. The title of emperor was considered to have passed from... Holy Roman Emperor as a The adjective sovereign is used to refer to a state of sovereignty. Sovereign is another term for monarch. Sovereign can apply to the head of a state, whether that head be one person (monarch) or a group (aristocracy or democracy). It is used in this sense in Leviathan by Thomas... sovereign In 1220 Prussians invaded territories of Conrad of Masovia, in reaction Conrad called on the pope and the emperor for a Crusade. The results were edicts calling for Crusades against the marauding, heathen Prussians. Many of Europes knights joined in these Crusades, which lasted sixty years. In 1243, the... Teutonic Order state, comparable to the arrangement of the Knights Hospitallers in This article is about the Greek island of Rhodes. For other uses, see Rhodes (disambiguation). The beach of Rhodes Rhodes, Greek Ροδος (Rodos), is the largest of the Dodecanese islands, and easternmost of the major islands of Greece in the Aegean Sea. It lies approximately 11... Rhodes and later in This article is about the European nation. For other meanings, see Malta is primarily used to refer to the European island nation of Malta. It can also be used for the main island of that country, Malta Island. The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is a sovereign entity which originated... Malta.

This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Please see its image description page on the Commons. The Battle of Grunwald took place on July 15, 1410 between the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania on one...
This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. Please see its image description page on the Commons. The Battle of Grunwald took place on July 15, 1410 between the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania on one... Enlarge
For the 1914 battle at the same location, refer to Battle of Tannenberg (1914) Bitwa pod Grunwaldem, a 1878 painting by Jan Matejko. Battle of Grunwald Conflict 1409-1411 war Date July 15, 1410 Place Grunwald/Tannenberg Result Decisive Polish and Lithuanian victory Combatants alliance of Kingdom of Poland and... Battle of Grunwald, a Years: 1875 1876 1877 - 1878 - 1879 1880 1881 Decades: 1840s 1850s 1860s - 1870s - 1880s 1890s 1900s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1878 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1878 painting by Categories: Stub | Polish painters | 1838 births | 1893 deaths ... Jan Matejko.

The Order induced the Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. An immigrant is someone who intends to reside permanently, and not a casual visitor or traveler. Immigration means in-migration into a country, and is the reverse of Emigration is the action and... immigration of many thousands of This article refers to a colony in politics and history. For alternate meanings of colony, see colony (disambiguation). In politics and in history, a colony is an administrative unit under the control of a geographically- distinct entity, usually an autonomous state. The term informal colony is used by some historians... colonists from The Federal Republic of Germany ( German (Deutsch) Spoken in: Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and 38 other countries. Region: Europe Total speakers: 120 million Ranking: 9 Genetic classification: Indo-European  Germanic   West Germanic    Old High German    Middle High German    Modern... Germany and For other uses, see The Netherlands have been the name of different political and geographical entities in northwestern Europe. The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland), the current Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Seven United Netherlands, also known as the United Provinces. A predecessor of the current country. It existed from 1581 to... the Netherlands, founded numerous towns and cities, and built a number of castles (Order Castles (Ordensburgen in German)), to defend the territory against attacks from The Republic of Lithuania (in Lithuanian (lietuvių kalba) Spoken in: Lithuania and 18 other countries Region: Eastern Europe Total speakers: 4 million Ranking: Genetic classification: Indo-European  Baltic   Eastern    Lithuanian Official status Official language of: Lithuania Regulated by: - Language codes ISO 639-1... Lithuania and Poland, with which the Order was at war many times during the (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant people 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The transition from the Medieval Warm... 14th and (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant people 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events Renaissance affects philosophy, science and art... 15th centuries. Among the cities founded by the Order was Königsberg ( Years: 1252 1253 1254 - 1255 - 1256 1257 1258 Decades: 1220s 1230s 1240s - 1250s - 1260s 1270s 1280s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1255 state leaders Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events Königsberg was founded Births Emperor Albert I of Germany, in July Deaths... 1255), later capital of the German province of East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. The northern part of East Prussia corresponds... East Prussia (Ostpreussen) and, after Download high resolution version (800x1094, 114 KB)Picture taken of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. The picture was taken from one of the B-29 Superfortresses used in the attack. Picture taken from http://www.archives.gov/research_room/research_topics/world_war_2_photos/images/ww2_1623.jpg Page: http://www... World War II, renamed For other uses, see Kaliningrad (disambiguation). Locator map on an international level map of Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad (Russian: Калининград), seaport city, capital and main city of the Kaliningrad Oblast, a small Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania with access to... Kaliningrad, the administrative center of the Soviet Union - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Soviet Union From Wikipedia Soviet redirects here. For other uses, see Soviet (disambiguation). The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) .( Russian (русский язык... Soviet The Russian Federation ( Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: The Russian Federation ( Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: Russia and many other countries Region: Eastern Europe and Asia Total speakers: 280 million Ranking: 4... Russian enclave of the same name. Many knights from western Europe, including some from England (In detail) (In detail) Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Official language None; English is de facto Capital London Capitals coordinates 51° 30 N, 0° 10 W Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001... England and Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to disclaimers. Trying... France, journeyed to Prussia to participate in the wars with Lithuania, which remained non-Christian until the end of the (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant people 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events The transition from the Medieval Warm... 14th century, much later than the rest of eastern Europe.


When the order of the The Livonian Brothers of the Sword (Latin Fratres militiae Christi, literally the brothers of the army of Christ), also known as the Christ Knights, Sword Brethren or The Militia of Christ of Livonia, was a military order started in 1202 by Albert von Buxhövden, bishop of Riga (or Prince... Livonian Brothers of the Sword was absorbed into the Teutonic Order in Years: Years: 1231 1232 1233 - 1234 - 1235 1236 1237 Decades: 1200s 1210s 1220s - 1230s - 1240s 1250s 1260s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1234 state leaders Events Canonization of Saint Dominic Collapse of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) Deaths Emperor Chukyo of Japan Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan Monarchs... 1237, its territorial rule extended over Prussia, This article is about the region in Europe. For other uses see Livonia (disambiguation). Livonia once was the land of the Finnic Livonians, but came in the Middle Ages to designate a much broader territory controlled by the Livonian Order in Balticum on the eastern coasts of the Baltic Sea... Livonia, Semigalia, and For other uses, see Estonia is the name of: Estonia - a country in Northern Europe Swedish Estonia - from 1561 a dominion of Sweden, consituted by the northern part of present-day Estonia Russian Estonia - from 1719 to 1918 a territory of the Russian Empire, constituted by the former Swedish dominion... Estonia. Their next aim was to convert Separate articles treat Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Orthodox Judaism. For the book written by G. K. Chesterton see Orthodoxy (book). The word orthodoxy, from the Greek ortho (right, correct) and dox (thought, teaching), is typically used to refer to the correct observance of religion, as determined by some overseeing body... Orthodox The Russian Federation ( Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: The Russian Federation ( Russian (русский язык) Spoken in: Russia and many other countries Region: Eastern Europe and Asia Total speakers: 280 million Ranking: 4... Russia to The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. Members generally prefer the term Catholic Church, but this term has multiple meanings (see Catholicism); the term Roman Catholic Church is used in this article to avoid... Roman Catholicism, but that idea had to be dropped in the wake of the disastrous Battle on the Ice ( Years: 1239 1240 1241 - 1242 - 1243 1244 1245 Decades: 1210s 1220s 1230s - 1240s - 1250s 1260s 1270s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Events April 5 - During a battle on the ice of Russian forces rebuff an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights. Emperor Go-Saga ascends to the throne... 1242).

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Battle of Grunwald, painted by Wojciech Kossak, Self-portrait by Vincent Van Gogh A portrait is a painting, photograph, or other artistic representation of a person. Portraits are often simple head shots and are not usually overly elaborate or creative. The intent is to show the basic appearance of the person, and occasionally some artistic... Wojciech Kossak

The crusading rationale for the Teutonic Order's state finally ended when Lithuania officially converted to Christianity after Years: 1383 1384 1385 - 1386 - 1387 1388 1389 Decades: 1350s 1360s 1370s - 1380s - 1390s 1400s 1410s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Hapsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Lithuania and Poland. Dan I is succeeded as ruler of Wallachia... 1386. The grand duke of Lithuania, Wladislaus II of Poland ... Jogaila, was Baptism is a water purification ritual practiced in certain religions such as Christianity, Mandaeanism, Sikhism, and some historic sects of Judaism. The word baptize derives from the Greek word βάπτειν (the infinitive; also listed as the 1st person singular present active indicative βα... baptised, married the queen of Poland Hedwig, from Gallery of Polish Kings by Jan Matejko (1838-1893) Hedwig (ca.1374 – 1399) was a Polish monarch from 1384 to 1399, venerated in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Hedwig the Queen. She is known as Hedvig in Hungarian, Jadwiga in Polish, Jadvyga in Lithuanian, and Hedwigis... Jadwiga, and became king Wladislaus II on Jan Matejkos painting Wladislaus II Jagiello (Polish Władysław II Jagiełło, Lithuanian Jogaila, and in Belarusian as Jahajla (Ягайла)) (c.1350-1434), grand duke of Lithuania from 1377 (or 1378) until 1392 (or 1401), became... Ladislaus II of Poland. This initiated an alliance between the two countries and created a formidable opponent for the Teutonic Knights.


King Albert of Mecklenburg or Albrekt av Mecklenburg (appr. 1336-1412), King of Sweden in 1364, Duke of Mecklenburg in 1383, son of Duke Albert II of Mecklenburg and Eufemia Eriksdotter, the sister to Magnus III of Sweden. His reign in Sweden spanned from 1363 to 1389. He was deposed by... Albert of Sweden conceded Gotlandia, or Gotland, a historical Province or landskap, of Sweden. It consists of the islands of Gotland, Fårö and a few smaller islands located in the Baltic Sea to the east of Öland. Gotland Land Götaland County Gotland County Area 3,140 km² Provincial flower - Swedish - Latin English... Gotlandia to the Teutonic Order as a Pledge, or Fawn, in law a bailment of personal property as a security for some debt or engagement (Story on Bailments, 286). The term is also used to denote the property which constitutes the security. Pledge is the pignus of Roman law, from which most of the modern law on... pledge (similar to a Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud or fee, consisted of heritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a vassal knights service (usually fealty, military service, and security). It usually required the vassal to obey conditions of customary and specified... fiefdom), with the understanding that they would eliminate the piratical Victual Brothers or Vitalian Brotherhood was a companionship of privateers, hired 1392 by the Dukes of Mecklenburg to fight against Denmark, because the Danish Queen Margaret I had imprisoned Albrecht of Mecklenburg and his son to subdue the kingdom of Sweden. Albrecht was King of Sweden since 1364 and Duke... Victual Brothers from their strategic island base. An invasion force under Grand Master Konrad of Jungingen conquered the island in Years: 1395 1396 1397 - 1398 - 1399 1400 1401 Decades: 1360s 1370s 1380s - 1390s - 1400s 1410s 1420s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. Construction of the Stecknitz Canal as one of the oldest artificial waterways of the world. Timur arrived on the bank of... 1398, destroyed For other uses, see Visby (disambiguation). Visby panorama Visby is a city, founded in the 10th century, on the then independent Baltic Sea island of Gotland, in modern Sweden. Administratively Visby is the seat of residence for the Governor of Gotland County. There is also a locally elected Gotland Municipality... Visby and drove the Victual Brothers out of Gotland and the The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe is a name for the northern part of the European continent. At different times this region has been defined differently but today it is generally seen to include: the Nordic countries, i.e. Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland. the Baltic States... Baltic Sea.

Teutonic Knights Castle in Malbork This image may not have information on its source. It may be usable under fair use but this has yet to be verified. It might be public domain or under a licence compatible with the GNU FDL. To the uploader: Please provide licensing information as...
Teutonic Knights Castle in Malbork This image may not have information on its source. It may be usable under fair use but this has yet to be verified. It might be public domain or under a licence compatible with the GNU FDL. To the uploader: Please provide licensing information as... Enlarge
Teutonic Knights Castle in Malbork (pronounce: [malbork], Latin: Civitas Beatae Virginis, German: Marienburg) is a town in northern Poland in the Zulawy region, with 39,000 inhabitants (1998), capital of Malbork County. Situated in the Pomeranian Voivodship since 1999, previously in Elblag Voivodship (1975-1998). Castle 2003 (zoom). History The city of Marienburg in... Malbork (Marienburg)

In Years: 1407 1408 1409 - 1410 - 1411 1412 1413 Decades: 1380s 1390s 1400s - 1410s - 1420s 1430s 1440s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events July 15 – Lithuanian forces under the cousins Władysław Jagiełło of Poland and Witowt of Lithuania decisively defeat the... 1410 at the For the 1914 battle at the same location, refer to Battle of Tannenberg (1914) Bitwa pod Grunwaldem, a 1878 painting by Jan Matejko. Battle of Grunwald Conflict 1409-1411 war Date July 15, 1410 Place Grunwald/Tannenberg Result Decisive Polish and Lithuanian victory Combatants alliance of Kingdom of Poland and... Battle of Grunwald (also known as the battle of Stębark (German:Tannenberg) is a village in Poland. See also Battle of Grunwald Battle of Tannenberg (1914). External links The official website of the city of Olsztynek/Stębark: http://olsztynek.com.pl/ ... Tannenberg), a Polish-Lithuanian army decisively defeated the Order and broke its military power. The Grand Master, Ulrich von Jungingen (1360 - July 15, 1410) was, since 1407, the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order. He died in the battle of Grunwald (Tannenberg), where he commanded the forces of the Teutonic Knights. Categories: 1360 births | 1410 deaths ... Ulrich von Jungingen, and most of the Order's higher dignitaries fell on the battlefield. The Polish-Lithuanian army then besieged the capital of the Order, Marienburg (Malbork) castle, but was unable to take it. When peace was made, the Order managed to retain essentially all of its territories.

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Teutonic Knights before the For the 1914 battle at the same location, refer to Battle of Tannenberg (1914) Bitwa pod Grunwaldem, a 1878 painting by Jan Matejko. Battle of Grunwald Conflict 1409-1411 war Date July 15, 1410 Place Grunwald/Tannenberg Result Decisive Polish and Lithuanian victory Combatants alliance of Kingdom of Poland and... Battle of Grunwald. Screenshot from the Polish movie Krzyzacy

In Years: 1451 1452 1453 - 1454 - 1455 1456 1457 Decades: 1420s 1430s 1440s - 1450s - 1460s 1470s 1480s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events February 4 - In the Thirteen Years War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederacy sends a formal act of disobedience to the Grand Master. March 6... 1454 The gentry refers to a social class of landowners. In Chinese history, the gentry has a specific meaning and refers to the shen-shi or the class of landowners that had passed the bureaucratic examinations in the Ming and Qing dynasties. In European history gentry refers to well-to-do... gentry and the burghers of western Prussia rose up against the Order in the "War of the Cities" or The Thirteen Years War (also called the War of the Cities) started out as an uprising by Prussian cities and the local nobility with the goal of gaining independence from the Teutonic Knights. The Prussian Confederation asked the Polish king for help and offered to incorporate Prussia into Poland. When... Thirteen Year War, at the end of which the Order recognized History of Poland series Piast Poland Andegawen Poland The Jagiellon Era Nobles’ Democracy Partitions (1795–1914) Poland (1914–1939) Poland (1939–1945) Poland (1945–1989) Poland (1989–present) edit (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:History_of_Poland&action=edit) The... Polish crown rights over Prussia's western half (subsequently Royal Prussia (Polish: Prusy Królewskie, German: Königliches Preussen) was a Polish province formed from the western part of the Lands of the Teutonic Order following the Thirteen Years War or War of the Cities. During the war, the Prussian Confederation, led by the cities of Gdansk (Danzig), Elblag... Royal Prussia) while retaining eastern Prussia under nominal Polish overlordship ( The Second Treaty of Toruń was a peace treaty concluded in Torun on October 19, 1466 between the Polish king, the Prussian cities, and duke of Pomerania on one side, and the Teutonic Order on the other. It ended the Thirteen Years War or War of the Cities, between... Second Treaty of Thorn, Years: 1463 1464 1465 - 1466 - 1467 1468 1469 Decades: 1430s 1440s 1450s - 1460s - 1470s 1480s 1490s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. He is replaced by Erik Axelsson Tott... 1466). Eastern Prussia (subsequently The Prussian Tribute, oil on canvas by Jan Matejko, 1882, 388 x 875 cm, National Museum in Kraków. Albrecht Hohenzollern receives the Duchy of Prussia as a fief from the Polish King, Sigismundus I the Elder in 1525. Ducal Prussia was between (1525–1657) a fief of Poland... Ducal Prussia) was also lost to the Order when in Years: 1522 1523 1524 - 1525 - 1526 1527 1528 Decades: 1490s 1500s 1510s - 1520s - 1530s 1540s 1550s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century 1525 in science Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other... 1525 its grand master, Albert (May 16, 1490 - March 20, 1568), (Albertus in Latin, Albrecht in German) Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and first duke of Ducal Prussia, was the third son of Frederick of Hohenzollern, prince of Ansbach and Bayreuth, and Sophia, daughter of Casimir IV Jagiello grand duke of Lithuania and... Albert of Brandenburg, converted to The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. See Protestantism for further discussion. Contents // 1 History of Lutheranism 1.1 Early history 1.2 Other Protestant reformers 1.3 Religious war 1.4 Results of the Lutheran Reformation 2 Lutheran doctrine 2.1... Lutheranism and assumed the title and rights of For the scientific journal Heredity see Heredity (journal) Heredity (the adjective is hereditary) is the transfer of characters from parent to offspring, either through their genes or through the social institution called inheritance (for example, a title of nobility is passed from individual to individual according to relevant customs and... hereditary The Prussian Tribute, oil on canvas by Jan Matejko, 1882, 388 x 875 cm, National Museum in Kraków. Albrecht Hohenzollern receives the Duchy of Prussia as a fief from the Polish King, Sigismundus I the Elder in 1525. Ducal Prussia was between (1525–1657) a fief of Poland... Duke of Prussia.


A new Grand Magistery was then established in Mergentheim is a town in Germany situated in the valley of the Tauber, 7 miles south from Lauda. It contains a magnificent castle with a natural history collection and the archives of the Teutonic Order. This is now used as barracks. Near the town is a medicinal spring called the... Mergentheim in Württemberg, and the grand masters, often members of the great German families (and, after Years: 1758 1759 1760 - 1761 - 1762 1763 1764 Decades: 1730s 1740s 1750s - 1760s - 1770s 1780s 1790s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1761 in art 1761 in literature 1761 in music 1761 in science List of state leaders in 1761 List of religious leaders in 1761 Contents // 1 Events... 1761, by members of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine), continued to preside over the Order's considerable holdings in Germany until Years: Years: 1803 1804 1805 - 1806 - 1807 1808 1809 Decades: 1770s 1780s 1790s - 1800s - 1810s 1820s 1830s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1806 in art 1806 in literature 1806 in music 1806 in science 1806 in sports List of state leaders in 1806 List of religious leaders in... 1809, when For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). Portrait of Napoléon Bonaparte Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general and ruler of France. He was a general of the French Revolution and became the effective ruler of France in 1799: he was First Consul (Premier... Napoleon ordered its dissolution and the Order lost its last secular holdings.


The order continued to exist, headed by Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. Their principal roles were as: Holy Roman Emperors for several centuries to 1806, and rulers of Austria (as dukes 1282–1453, archdukes 1453–1804, and emperors 1804–1918... Habsburgs through the Download high resolution version (800x769, 100 KB)Soldiers of an Australian 4th Division field artillery brigade on a duckboard track passing through Chateau Wood, near Hooge in the Ypres salient, October 29, 1917. The photograph was taken by James Francis Hurley. The leading soldier is Gunner James Fulton and the... First World War, and today operates primarily as a Charity is a term in Christian theology (one of the three virtues), meaning loving kindness towards others; it is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it is said to both glorify and reflect the nature of God. In its most extreme form charity can be... charitable organization.


Cultural references

The Order and its relations with its neighbours ( For other uses, see Poland is a country in Central Europe. Poland is also the name of some places in the United States of America: Poland, Maine Poland, New York Poland, Ohio This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Poland, the Duchy of Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital in Warsaw. History Masovia was conquered probably by Mieszko I, duke of Polans and first historical ruler of Poland in the 10th century. During the chaos following the death of Mieszko II in 1033... Masovia and the The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and Pogoń in Polish The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė, Belarusian: Вялі... Grand Duchy of Lithuania) are the main subject of a A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. The English word novel derives from the Italian word novella, meaning a tale, a piece of news. The novel is longer (40,000 words and onwards) and... novel Krzyżacy (or, in The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. It is the third most common first language (native speakers), with around 402 million people in 2002. English has lingua franca status in many parts of the world, due to the military, economic, scientific, political and cultural influence... English, The Cross Bearers) by the Polish author and The Nobel Prizes (pronounced no-BELL or no-bell) are awarded annually to people who have done outstanding research, invented groundbreaking techniques or equipment, or made outstanding contributions to society. It is generally regarded as the supreme commendation in the world today. The prizes were instituted by the final will... Nobel Prize winner WP-PL According to the non-retroactive copyright law of July 10, 1952, of the Peoples Republic of Poland, all photographs published prior to May 23, 1994 without a clear copyright notice are considered to be public domain. This applies worldwide. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current... WP... Henryk Sienkiewicz.


Grand Masters (Hochmeister) of the Teutonic Order, 1198-present

  • Heinrich I Walpot von Bassenheim was the first Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (Hochmeister), from 1198 to 1200. Predecessor: none Grand Master of the Teutonic Order 1198-1200 Successor: Otto von Kerpen Categories: People stubs ... Heinrich I Walpot von Bassenheim Years: 1195 1196 1197 - 1198 - 1199 1200 1201 Decades: 1160s 1170s 1180s - 1190s - 1200s 1210s 1220s Centuries: 11th century - 12th century - 13th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Heads of state Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Toba of Japan Emperor Tsuchimikado ascends to the... 1198- Years: 1197 1198 1199 – 1200 – 1201 1202 1203 Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s – 1200s – 1210s 1220s 1230s Centuries: 11th century – 12th century – 13th century Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France Births Matthew Paris, English Benedictine monk and chronicler (approximate date... 1200
  • Otto von Kerpen 1200- Years: 1203 1204 1205 - 1206 - 1207 1208 1209 Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s - 1200s - 1210s 1220s 1230s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Events Temujin is proclaimed Genghis Khan of the Mongol people, founding the Mongol Empire Qutb ud-Din proclaims the Mameluk dynasty in India, the first dynasty of... 1206
  • Heinrich II von Tunna was the third Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (Hochmeister), from 1206 to 1209. Predecessor: Otto von Kerpen Grand Master of the Teutonic Order 1206-1209 Successor: Hermann of Salza Categories: People stubs ... Heinrich II von Tunna 1206- Years: 1206 1207 1208 - 1209 - 1210 1211 1212 Decades: 1170s 1180s 1190s - 1200s - 1210s 1220s 1230s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events Albigensian Crusade against Cathars (1209-1218) the Franciscans are founded. Cambridge University founded. In August, Simon... 1209
  • Hermann of Salza (c. 1179 - March 20, 1239) was the fourth Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights from 1209 to 1239 and an important politician of his age. He was possibly born around 1179, to a ministerial family from Thuringia. The precise time of his entry into the Order is... Hermann von Salza 1209- Years: 1236 1237 1238 - 1239 - 1240 1241 1242 Decades: 1200s 1210s 1220s - 1230s - 1240s 1250s 1260s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Events Births June 17 Edward I of England known as Edward Longshanks or Hammer of the Scots Deaths Emperor Go-Toba of Japan Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James... 1239
  • Konrad I of Thruingia was the fifth Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (Hochmeister), from 1239 to 1240. Predecessor: Hermann of Salza Grand Master of the Teutonic Order 1239-1240 Successor: Gerhard von Malberg Categories: People stubs ... Konrad I of Thuringia 1239- Years: Years: Years: 1231 1232 1233 - 1234 - 1235 1236 1237 Decades: 1200s 1210s 1220s - 1230s - 1240s 1250s 1260s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1234 state leaders Events Canonization of Saint Dominic Collapse of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) Deaths Emperor Chukyo of Japan Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan... 1240
  • Gerhard von Malberg was the sixth Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (Hochmeister), from 1241 to 1244. Predecessor: Konrad I of Thruingia Grand Master of the Teutonic Order 1241-1244 Successor: Heinrich III von Hohenlohe Categories: People stubs ... Gerhard von Malberg Years: 1238 1239 1240 - 1241 - 1242 1243 1244 Decades: 1210s 1220s 1230s - 1240s - 1250s 1260s 1270s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/presidents Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal polish nobility, including... 1241- Years: 1241 1242 1243 - 1244 - 1245 1246 1247 Decades: 1210s 1220s 1230s - 1240s - 1250s 1260s 1270s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events Sultan Malik al-Muattam razes city walls. Births Deaths March 1 - Gruffydd ap Llywelyn, eldest, illegitimate... 1244
  • Heinrich III von Hohenlohe 1244- Years: 1246 1247 1248 - 1249 - 1250 1251 1252 Decades: 1210s 1220s 1230s - 1240s - 1250s 1260s 1270s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events University, the first College at Oxford founded Births Emperor Kameyama of Japan Pope John XXII Frederick... 1249
  • Günther von Schwarzenberg 1249- Years: 1250 1251 1252 - 1253 - 1254 1255 1256 Decades: 1220s 1230s 1240s - 1250s - 1260s 1270s 1280s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events July 6, Mindaugas crowned as King of Lithuania. Liepāja, Latvian city, founded by fishermen... 1253
  • Poppo von Osterna 1253- Years: 1254 1255 1256 - 1257 - 1258 1259 1260 Decades: 1220s 1230s 1240s - 1250s - 1260s 1270s 1280s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1257 state leaders Events La Sorbonne, the famous university in Paris, is founded Eutin in Schleswig-Holstein is given its city rights Henry III of England orders... 1257
  • Hanno von Sangershausen 1257- Years: 1271 1272 1273 - 1274 - 1275 1276 1277 Decades: 1240s 1250s 1260s - 1270s - 1280s 1290s 1300s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1274 state leaders Events May 7 - In France the Second Council of Lyons opens to consider the condition of the Holy Land and to agree to a... 1274
  • Hartmann von Helbrungen 1274- Years: 1280 1281 1282 - 1283 - 1284 1285 1286 Decades: 1250s 1260s 1270s - 1280s - 1290s 1300s 1310s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1283 state leaders Events June 1 - Treaty of Rheinfelden - Duke Rudolph II of Austria has to waive his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria Teutonic... 1283
  • Burkhard von Schwanden 1283- Years: 1287 1288 1289 - 1290 - 1291 1292 1293 Decades: 1260s 1270s 1280s - 1290s - 1300s 1310s 1320s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1290 state leaders Events King Edward I of England banishes all Jews from Britain. University of Lisbon founded. Births John Parricida, son of Duke Rudolph II of... 1290
  • Konrad II von Feuchtwangen 1290- Years: 1294 1295 1296 - 1297 - 1298 1299 1300 Decades: 1260s 1270s 1280s - 1290s - 1300s 1310s 1320s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1297 state leaders Events 8 January - Monaco gains independence. English Church refuses to pay taxes, resulting in crisis. William Wallace begins his revolt against the English. Canonization... 1297
  • Gottfried von Hohenlohe 1297- Years: 1299 1300 1301 - 1302 - 1303 1304 1305 Decades: 1270s 1280s 1290s - 1300s - 1310s 1320s 1330s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century 1302 state leaders Events July 11 - Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch), major victory of Flanders over the French occupier. September 24 - Charles II of... 1302
  • Siegfried von Feuchtwangen 1302- Years: 1307 1308 1309 - 1310 - 1311 1312 1313 Decades: 1280s 1290s 1300s - 1310s - 1320s 1330s 1340s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Abulfeda becomes governor of Hama. Births Pope Urban V Deaths Categories: 1310 ... 1310
  • Karl Bessart 1311- Years: 1321 1322 1323 - 1324 - 1325 1326 1327 Decades: 1290s 1300s 1310s - 1320s - 1330s 1340s 1350s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Publication of Defensor pacis by Marsilius of Padua Mansa Kankan Musa I, ruler of the Mali Empire arrives in Cairo on his hajj or pilgrimage to... 1324
  • Werner von Orselen 1324- Years: 1327 1328 1329 - 1330 - 1331 1332 1333 Decades: 1300s 1310s 1320s - 1330s - 1340s 1350s 1360s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events The Bulgars under Michael III are beaten by the Serbs at Velbuzhd, and large parts of Bulgaria fall to Serbia. October 19 - King Edward III of... 1330
  • Lothar von Braunschweig Years: 1328 1329 1330 - 1331 - 1332 1333 1334 Decades: 1300s 1310s 1320s - 1330s - 1340s 1350s 1360s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia Start of the reign of Emperor Kogon of Japan, first of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Births Deaths Abulfeda, geographer... 1331- Years: 1332 1333 1334 - 1335 - 1336 1337 1338 Decades: 1300s 1310s 1320s - 1330s - 1340s 1350s 1360s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Abu Said dies and the Ilkhan khanate ends Slavery abolished in Sweden Charles I of Hungary allies with Poland against the Hapsburgs and Bohemians Carinthia and... 1335
  • Dietrich von Altenburg 1335- Years: 1338 1339 1340 - 1341 - 1342 1343 1344 Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s - 1340s - 1350s 1360s 1370s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Petrarch becomes famous Beginning of the Breton War of Succession over the control of the Duchy of Brittany Margarete Maultasch, Countess of Tyrol, expells her husband... 1341
  • Ludolf Konig von Wattzau -1... 1342--1... 1345
  • Heinrich IV Dusener von Arfberg 1345- Years: 1348 1349 1350 - 1351 - 1352 1353 1354 Decades: 1320s 1330s 1340s - 1350s - 1360s 1370s 1380s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events End of the reign of Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Start of the reign of Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan, fourth... 1351
  • Winrich von Kniprode 1351- Years: 1379 1380 1381 - 1382 - 1383 1384 1385 Decades: 1350s 1360s 1370s - 1380s - 1390s 1400s 1410s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne... 1382
  • Konrad III Zollner von Rothstein 1382- Years: 1387 1388 1389 - 1390 - 1391 1392 1393 Decades: 1360s 1370s 1380s - 1390s - 1400s 1410s 1420s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Births future Byzantine Emperor John VIII Palaeologus future ruler of Wallachia Vlad II Dracul (estimated date). Deaths October 9 - John I of Castile, from a fall... 1390
  • Konrad IV von Wallenrode Years: 1388 1389 1390 - 1391 - 1392 1393 1394 Decades: 1360s 1370s 1380s - 1390s - 1400s 1410s 1420s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Many Jews left Barcelona after the 1391 massacres, though a large number remained in the city. Births October 31 - King Duarte of Portugal (†1438) Gedun... 1391- Years: 1390 1391 1392 - 1393 - 1394 1395 1396 Decades: 1360s 1370s 1380s - 1390s - 1400s 1410s 1420s Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. Stefan Dabiša, king of Bosnia signs the Contract of Djakovice, establishing peace with King Sigmund... 1393
  • Konrad V von Juningen 1393- Years: 1404 1405 1406 - 1407 - 1408 1409 1410 Decades: 1370s 1380s 1390s - 1400s - 1410s 1420s 1430s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events November 20 - A solemn truce between John, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspicies of John, Duke... 1407
  • Ulrich von Jungingen (1360 - July 15, 1410) was, since 1407, the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order. He died in the battle of Grunwald (Tannenberg), where he commanded the forces of the Teutonic Knights. Categories: 1360 births | 1410 deaths ... Ulrich von Jungingen 1407- Years: 1407 1408 1409 - 1410 - 1411 1412 1413 Decades: 1380s 1390s 1400s - 1410s - 1420s 1430s 1440s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events July 15 – Lithuanian forces under the cousins Władysław Jagiełło of Poland and Witowt of Lithuania decisively defeat the... 1410
  • Heinrich von Plauen 1410- Years: 1410 1411 1412 - 1413 - 1414 1415 1416 Decades: 1380s 1390s 1400s - 1410s - 1420s 1430s 1440s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events March 20 - Henry V becomes King of England Project of Annals of Joseon Dynasty began. The University of St Andrews is founded. Year in topics 1413... 1413
  • Michael Kuchenmeister von Sternburg Years: 1411 1412 1413 - 1414 - 1415 1416 1417 Decades: 1380s 1390s 1400s - 1410s - 1420s 1430s 1440s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events Council of Constance begins. The Habsburg Duke Ernest the Iron (1377-1424) thrones according to the ancient Karantanian ritual of installing dukes on the Dukes... 1414- Years: 1419 1420 1421 - 1422 - 1423 1424 1425 Decades: 1390s 1400s 1410s - 1420s - 1430s 1440s 1450s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events August 31 - Henry VI becomes King of England. October 21 - with the death of King Charles VI of France, Henry VI of England is proclaimed King... 1422
  • Paul Belenzer von Ruszdorf Years: 1420 1421 1422 - 1423 - 1424 1425 1426 Decades: 1390s 1400s 1410s - 1420s - 1430s 1440s 1450s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events July 31 - Hundred Years War: Battle of Cravant - The French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne. August 23 - English with... 1423- For alternative meanings, see number 1440. Years: 1437 1438 1439 - 1440 - 1441 1442 1443 Decades: 1410s 1420s 1430s - 1440s - 1450s 1460s 1470s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events Itzcóatl, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies and is succeeded by Moctezuma I, Moctezuma Ilhuicamina. End of term for Regent... 1440
  • Konrad VI von Erlichshausen This page is about the year 1441. See UN Security Council Resolution 1441 for the 2002 call for Iraq to disclose its WMD Years: 1438 1439 1440 - 1441 - 1442 1443 1444 Decades: 1410s 1420s 1430s - 1440s - 1450s 1460s 1470s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events June 24 - Eton... 1441- Years: 1446 1447 1448 - 1449 - 1450 1451 1452 Decades: 1410s 1420s 1430s - 1440s - 1450s 1460s 1470s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century 1449 in literature 1449 in music 1449 in science List of state leaders in 1449 List of religious leaders in 1449 Events January 6 - Constantine XI is... 1449
  • Ludwig von Erlichshausen Years: 1447 1448 1449 - 1450 - 1451 1452 1453 Decades: 1420s 1430s 1440s - 1450s - 1460s 1470s 1480s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century 1450 in art| Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle... 1450- Years: 1464 1465 1466 - 1467 - 1468 1469 1470 Decades: 1430s 1440s 1450s - 1460s - 1470s 1480s 1490s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events October 29 - Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege Beginning of the Sengoku Period in Japan. Circa this year, polyalphabetic cipher invented by Leone Battista... 1467
  • Heinrich VI von Reuss 1467- Years: 1467 1468 1469 - 1470 - 1471 1472 1473 Decades: 1440s 1450s 1460s - 1470s - 1480s 1490s 1500s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events May 15 - Charles VIII of Sweden who had served three terms as King of Sweden dies. Sten Sture the Elder becomes Regent of Sweden. October - A... 1470
  • Heinrich VII Reffle von Richtenberg 1470- Years: 1474 1475 1476 - 1477 - 1478 1479 1480 Decades: 1440s 1450s 1460s - 1470s - 1480s 1490s 1500s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events January 5 - Battle of Nancy - Charles the Bold of Burgundy is again defeated by the Swiss, and this time is killed. Swedish University of Uppsala founded... 1477
  • Martin Truchsetz von Wetzhausen 1477- Years: 1486 1487 1488 - 1489 - 1490 1491 1492 Decades: 1450s 1460s 1470s - 1480s - 1490s 1500s 1510s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events March 14 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. November 29 - Arthur Tudor is named Prince of Wales. December 11 - Jeannetto de... 1489
  • Johann von Tieffen 1489- Years: 1494 1495 1496 - 1497 - 1498 1499 1500 Decades: 1460s 1470s 1480s - 1490s - 1500s 1510s 1520s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events May 10 - Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World. May 13 - Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola. May 20... 1497
  • Friedrich III (January 17, 1463 — May 5, 1525), also known as Frederick the Wise, was Elector of Saxony (from the House of Wettin) from 1486 to his death. Frederick was the son of Ernest, Elector of Saxony and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Albert, Duke of Bavaria. He succeeded... Friedrich of Saxony 1497- Years: 1507 1508 1509 - 1510 - 1511 1512 1513 Decades: 1480s 1490s 1500s - 1510s - 1520s 1530s 1540s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century Events Conquest of Pskov by Grand Prince Vasili III of Muscovy. Formation of the Holy League to defend the Italian States. Births March 30 - Antonio de Cabez... 1510
  • Albert (May 16, 1490 - March 20, 1568), (Albertus in Latin, Albrecht in German) Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and first duke of Ducal Prussia, was the third son of Frederick of Hohenzollern, prince of Ansbach and Bayreuth, and Sophia, daughter of Casimir IV Jagiello grand duke of Lithuania and... Albrecht of Brandenburg 1510- Years: 1522 1523 1524 - 1525 - 1526 1527 1528 Decades: 1490s 1500s 1510s - 1520s - 1530s 1540s 1550s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century 1525 in science Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other... 1525
  • Walter von Cronberg Years: 1524 1525 1526 - 1527 - 1528 1529 1530 Decades: 1490s 1500s 1510s - 1520s - 1530s 1540s 1550s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century Events January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat River in Zurich by the Zurich Reformed state church. May 6... 1527- Years: 1540 1541 1542 - 1543 - 1544 1545 1546 Decades: 1510s 1520s 1530s - 1540s - 1550s 1560s 1570s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century Contents // 1 Events 2 Science 3 Births 4 Deaths Events February 11 - Battle of Wayna Daga - Ethiopian/Portuguese? troops defeat the armies of Adal and the Ottoman... 1543
  • Wolfgang Schutzbar 1543- Years: 1563 1564 1565 - 1566 - 1567 1568 1569 Decades: 1530s 1540s 1550s - 1560s - 1570s 1580s 1590s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of... 1566
  • Georg Hundt von Weckheim 1566- Years: 1569 1570 1571 - 1572 - 1573 1574 1575 Decades: 1540s 1550s 1560s - 1570s - 1580s 1590s 1600s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century 1572 in literature 1572 in science Events January 16 - The Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism... 1572
  • Heinrich VIII von Bobenhausen 1572- Years: 1587 1588 1589 - 1590 - 1591 1592 1593 Decades: 1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century 1590 state leaders Events March 14 - Battle of Ivry - Henry IV of France again defeats the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne. May... 1590
  • Archduke Maximilian III of Austria, also known as Maximilian the Deutschmeister (born October 12, 1558 in Wiener Neustadt; died November 2, 1618 in Vienna) was the third son of Emperor Maximilian II. From 1585 onwards, he was the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order and administrator of Prussia. In 1587... Maximilian of Austria Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. Their principal roles were as: Holy Roman Emperors for several centuries to 1806, and rulers of Austria (as dukes 1282–1453, archdukes 1453–1804, and emperors 1804–1918... Habsburg 1590- Years: 1615 1616 1617 - 1618 - 1619 1620 1621 Decades: 1580s 1590s 1600s - 1610s - 1620s 1630s 1640s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1618 in literature 1618 in science Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations... 1618
  • Karl I, a.k.a. IV Károly (in Hungarian), Karel III (in Czech), Karol IV (in Slovak), Charles (in English) Karl of Austria (August 17, 1887 - April 1, 1922), Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen, was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the... Karl I of Austria Years: 1616 1617 1618 - 1619 - 1620 1621 1622 Decades: 1580s 1590s 1600s - 1610s - 1620s 1630s 1640s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1619 in literature 1619 in science Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. July 30... 1619- Years: 1621 1622 1623 - 1624 - 1625 1626 1627 Decades: 1590s 1600s 1610s - 1620s - 1630s 1640s 1650s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1624 in literature 1624 in science Events The Netherlands establish a trading colony at Kaohsiung on Taiwan. Thirty Walloon families settle in the New Netherland colony. Oslo... 1624
  • Johann Eustach von Westernach Years: 1622 1623 1624 - 1625 - 1626 1627 1628 Decades: 1590s 1600s 1610s - 1620s - 1630s 1640s 1650s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1625 in literature 1625 in science Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Ireland. June 13 - Marriage of Charles I of England... 1625- Years: 1624 1625 1626 - 1627 - 1628 1629 1630 Decades: 1590s 1600s 1610s - 1620s - 1630s 1640s 1650s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1627 in literature 1627 in science Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. The aurochs are hunted to extinction... 1627
  • Johann Kaspar I von Stadion 1627- Years: 1638 1639 1640 - 1641 - 1642 1643 1644 Decades: 1610s 1620s 1630s - 1640s - 1650s 1660s 1670s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1641 in literature 1641 in science Events The Long Parliament passes a series of legislation designed to contain Charles Is absolutist tendencies. August 10 – Charles... 1641
  • Leopold Wilhelm of Austria 1641- Years: 1659 1660 1661 - 1662 - 1663 1664 1665 Decades: 1630s 1640s 1650s - 1660s - 1670s 1680s 1690s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1662 in literature 1662 in science Events March 18 – Short-timed experiment of the first public buses holding 8 passengers begins in Paris May 3/May... 1662
  • Karl Josef of Austria 1662- Years: 1661 1662 1663 - 1664 - 1665 1666 1667 Decades: 1630s 1640s 1650s - 1660s - 1670s 1680s 1690s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1664 in literature 1664 in science Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of Britain. September 24 - Dutch Governor Peter Stuyvesant surrenders New Amsterdam to an... 1664
  • Johann Kaspar II von Ampringen 1664- Years: 1681 1682 1683 - 1684 - 1685 1686 1687 Decades: 1650s 1660s 1670s - 1680s - 1690s 1700s 1710s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1684 in literature 1684 in science 1684 state leaders Events France under Louis XIV makes Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Empire and Spain. Pope Innocent XI... 1684
  • Ludwig Anton of Palatinate-Neuburg Years: 1682 1683 1684 - 1685 - 1686 1687 1688 Decades: 1650s 1660s 1670s - 1680s - 1690s 1700s 1710s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1685 in literature 1685 in science 1685 state leaders Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King... 1685- Years: 1691 1692 1693 - 1694 - 1695 1696 1697 Decades: 1660s 1670s 1680s - 1690s - 1700s 1710s 1720s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1694 in literature 1694 in science 1694 state leaders Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. July 27 - A Royal Charter is granted to... 1694
  • Ludwig Franz of Palatinate-Neuburg 1694- Years: 1729 1730 1731 - 1732 - 1733 1734 1735 Decades: 1700s 1710s 1720s - 1730s - 1740s 1750s 1760s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1732 in literature 1732 in music 1732 in science List of state leaders in 1732 List of religious leaders in 1732 Events February 23 - First performance of... 1732
  • Klemens August of Bavaria (1700-1761) was born in Brussels, a member of the Wittelsbach house. His uncle Joseph Clemens, elector and archbishop of Cologne saw to it that Klemens August of Bavaria received several appointments in Alt-Oetting, diocese Regensburg and at the Prince-Bishopric Berchtesgaden and he soon... Klemens August of Bavaria 1732- Years: 1758 1759 1760 - 1761 - 1762 1763 1764 Decades: 1730s 1740s 1750s - 1760s - 1770s 1780s 1790s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1761 in art 1761 in literature 1761 in music 1761 in science List of state leaders in 1761 List of religious leaders in 1761 Contents // 1 Events... 1761
  • Charles Alexander of Lorraine 1761- Years: 1777 1778 1779 - 1780 - 1781 1782 1783 Decades: 1750s 1760s 1770s - 1780s - 1790s 1800s 1810s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1780 in art 1780 in literature 1780 in music 1780 in science List of state leaders in 1780 List of religious leaders in 1780 Events January 16... 1780
  • Maximilian Franz of Austria 1780- Years: 1798 1799 1800 - 1801 - 1802 1803 1804 Decades: 1770s 1780s 1790s - 1800s - 1810s 1820s 1830s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1801 in art 1801 in literature 1801 in music 1801 in science 1801 in sports List of state leaders in 1801 List of religious leaders in 1801... 1801
  • Karl II of Austria 1801- 1804 is a leap year starting on Sunday. Years: 1801 1802 1803 - 1804 - 1805 1806 1807 Decades: 1770s 1780s 1790s - 1800s - 1810s 1820s 1830s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1804 in art 1804 in literature 1804 in music 1804 in science 1804 in sports List of state leaders... 1804
  • Anton Viktor of Austria 1804- Years: 1832 1833 1834 - 1835 - 1836 1837 1838 Decades: 1800s 1810s 1820s - 1830s - 1840s 1850s 1860s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1835 in art 1835 in literature 1835 in rail transport 1835 in science 1835 in music 1835 in sports List of state leaders in 1835 List of... 1835
  • Maximilian of Austria-Este 1835- 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Years: 1860 1861 1862 - 1863 - 1864 1865 1866 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1863 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial... 1863
  • Wilhelm Franz Karl of Austria 1863- Years: 1891 1892 1893 - 1894 - 1895 1896 1897 Decades: 1860s 1870s 1880s - 1890s - 1900s 1910s 1920s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1894 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 2 Births... 1894
  • Eugen Ferdinand Pius Bernhard of Austria 1894- Years: 1920 is a This is a calendar for any leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC), e.g. 2004. January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 1 2... 1923
  • Dr. Norbert Klein 1923- Years: 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. Years: 1927 1928 1929 - 1930 - 1931 1932 1933 Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1930 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other... 1933
  • Paul Heider 1933- Years: 1933 1934 1935 - 1936 - 1937 1938 1939 Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1936 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1936
  • Robert Schälzky 1936- 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). Years: 1945 1946 1947 - 1948 - 1949 1950 1951 Decades: 1910s 1920s 1930s - 1940s - 1950s 1960s 1970s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1948 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation... 1948
  • Dr. Marian Tumler 1948- 1970 was a This is the calendar for any common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D). (A common year is a year with 365 days -- in other words, not a leap year.) January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa... 1970
  • Ildefons Pauler 1970- 1988 is a This is the calendar for any leap year starting on a Friday (dominical letter CB). January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6... 1988
  • Dr. Arnold Othmar Wieland 1988- This page is about the year 2000. See Note: This is an article about the British comic book 2000 AD, rather than the year 2000 2000 AD logo 2000 AD is a weekly British science fiction oriented comic. The publication, which serialises a number of separate stories each prog (see... 2000
  • Bruno Platter 2000- 2004 is a This is a calendar for any leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC), e.g. 2004. January February March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 3 1 2 3... present

See also

  • The Seal of the Knights — the two riders have been interpreted as a sign of poverty or the duality of monk/soldier. The first of the military orders, the Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon, widely known as the Knights Templar, was founded in 1118, in... Knights Templar
  • The Knights Hospitaller (the Order of Knights of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem or Knights of Malta or Knights of Rhodes) is a tradition which began as a Benedictine nursing Order founded in the 11th century based in the Holy Land, but soon became a militant Christian Chivalric... Knights Hospitaller (Knights of This article is about the Greek island of Rhodes. For other uses, see Rhodes (disambiguation). The beach of Rhodes Rhodes, Greek Ροδος (Rodos), is the largest of the Dodecanese islands, and easternmost of the major islands of Greece in the Aegean Sea. It lies approximately 11... Rhodes and Knights of This article is about the European nation. For other meanings, see Malta is primarily used to refer to the European island nation of Malta. It can also be used for the main island of that country, Malta Island. The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is a sovereign entity which originated... Malta)
  • The Livonian Brothers of the Sword (Latin Fratres militiae Christi, literally the brothers of the army of Christ), also known as the Christ Knights, Sword Brethren or The Militia of Christ of Livonia, was a military order started in 1202 by Albert von Buxhövden, bishop of Riga (or Prince... Livonian Brothers of the Sword (Sword Brethren)
  • Brothers of Dobrin

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