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Encyclopedia > Tetraplegic

Quadriplegia is a symptom in which a human experiences partial or complete paralysis from the neck down. The term symptom (from the Greek syn = con/plus and pipto = fall, together meaning co-exist) has two similar meanings in the context of physical and mental health: A symptom may loosely be said to be a physical condition which shows that one has a particular illness or disorder (see... Paralysis is the complete loss of muscle function for one or more muscle groups. ...

It is caused by damage to the brain or to the spinal cord at a high level (e.g. the cervical spine). The injury causes the victim to lose total or partial use of the arms and legs. The condition is also termed tetraplegia; both terms mean "paralysis of four limbs", however tetraplegia is becoming the more accepted term for this condition. Tetraplegia, used commonly in Europe, is the more etymologically correct version both "tetra" and "plegia" being Greek roots whereas "quadra" is a Latin root. Comparative brain sizes In animals, the brain, or encephalon (Greek for in the head), is the control center of the central nervous system. ... Cross-section through cervical spinal cord. ... A cervical vertebra Cervical vertebrae (Vertebrae cervicales) are the smallest of the true vertebrae, and can be readily distinguished from those of the thoracic or lumbar regions by the presence of a foramen (hole) in each transverse process. ...

There are about 5000 cervical spinal cord injuries per year in the United States and about 1000 per year in the UK. In 1988, it was estimated that lifetime care of a 27-year-old rendered tetraparetic was about US $1 million and that the total national costs were US $5.6 billion per year.

Delayed diagnosis of cervical spine injury has grave consequences for the victim. About one in twenty cervical fractures are missed, and about two-thirds of these patients suffer further spinal cord damage as a result. About 30% of cases of delayed diagnosis of cervical spine injury develop permanent neurological deficits.

In some rare cases, through intensive rehabilitation, slight movement can be regained through "rewiring" neural connections as in the case of late actor Christopher Reeve. The term synaptic plasticity refers to the variability of the strength of a signal transmitted through a synapse. ... Christopher Reeve (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer renowned for his film portrayal of Superman/Kal-El/Clark Kent in four films from 1978-1987. ...


Known quadriplegics

The following people have, or had quadriplegia:

Jesse Billauer (born February 24, 1979) is a well known surfer from California. ... John Callahan, born in Portland, Oregon, is a cartoonist noted for dealing with macabre subjects or physical handicaps, maiming and dismemberment. ... Vic Chesnutt (born 1964 in Jacksonville, Florida) is a singer-songwriter resident in Athens, Georgia. ... Chuck Close (born July 5, 1940, Monroe, Washington) is an American photorealistic painter. ... Darren Drozdov, (born April 4, 1969) better known as Puke or Droz, is a retired professional wrestler who competed in the WWF from 1998 until 1999. ... Accie C. Connor or A.C. Connor (born October 22, 1972 in Chicago, Illinois), is a professional wrestler and former accountant better known by his stage name of DLo Brown. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Steven John Fletcher, MP, B. Sc. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... Stephen Hawking in 2005 Professor Stephen William Hawking, CH, CBE, FRS, (born January 8, 1942) is considered one of the worlds leading theoretical physicists. ... A physicist is a scientist trained in physics. ... The motor neurone diseases (MND) are a group of progressive neurological disorders that destroy motor neurons, the cells that control voluntary muscle activity such as speaking, walking, breathing, and swallowing. ... Curtis Mayfield (June 3, 1942 – December 26, 1999) was an American soul, funk and R&B singer, songwriter and guitarist probably best known for his soundtrack to the blaxploitation film Superfly. ... The soul, according to many religious and philosophical traditions, is a self aware ethereal substance particular to a unique living being. ... Theodore DeReese (Teddy) Pendergrass, Sr. ... Christopher Reeve (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer renowned for his film portrayal of Superman/Kal-El/Clark Kent in four films from 1978-1987. ... horse, see Horse (disambiguation). ... Ed Roberts (January 23, 1939- March 14, 1995) was the first severely-disabled student to attend the University of California Berkeley. ... Ramon Sampedro (January 5, 1943 - January 13, 1998) was a ship mechanic from Spain who was paralyzed in a diving accident at the age of 26 and fought for his right to an assisted suicide for the next 29 years. ... Mar adentro (English title: The Sea Inside) is a 2004 film by the Chilean-Spanish director Alejandro Amenábar, written by Mateo Gil and Amenábar. ... Sam Schmidt (born August 15, 1964 in Lincoln, Nebraska) is a former Indy Racing League driver and current Indycar and Infiniti Pro Series team owner. ... IndyCar Series Logo IndyCar is most often used as a generic term for American Championship Car Racing, a form of open-wheel auto racing. ... Darryl Stingley (born September 18, 1951) was a wide receiver with a 5 year career from 1973 to 1977. ... Sam Sullivan receives the Order of Canada from the Governor-General Sam Sullivan, CM (1960-) is Mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... Vancouver (pronounced ) is a Canadian city in the province of British Columbia. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Category: ‪Possible copyright violations‬ ... Sir Francis Owen Garbatt Williams (b. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Hamas emblem shows the Dome of the Rock and other the Islamic symbols, Palestinian flags, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... Zupan in the documentary film Murderball. ... Wheelchair rugby refers to adaptation of the sports of rugby union and rugby league for wheelchair users. ...


  • Lincoln Rhyme - forensic expert featured in books by Jeffery Deaver.

Jeffery Deaver (born 1950, near Chicago) is a mystery/crime writer. ...

Support organisations

  • Back-Up Trust

The Back-Up Trust is a British medical charity dedicated to working with humans paralysed through spinal cord injury. ...

Related conditions

Paraplegia is a condition where the lower half of a patients body is paralyzed and cannot move. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Effects of Partial Isothermic Immersion on the Spirometry Parameters of Tetraplegic Patients -- Thomaz et al. 128 (1): ... (2675 words)
Among the tetraplegic patients, the lower the preimmersion
Estenne, M, De Troyer, A Mechanism of the postural dependence of vital capacity in tetraplegic subjects.
Urmey, WF, De Troyer, A, Kelly, KB, et al Pleural pressure increases during inspiration in the zone of apposition of diaphragm to rib cage.
Het iRv, Kenniscentrum voor Revalidatie en Handicap. (488 words)
The aim was to asses all tetraplegic manifestations treated both conservatively as well as surgically.
Tetraplegic hand function can not be compared with the normal hand function.
The VLT is a test to assess the ultimate goals in tetraplegic hand function therapy For each of the 19 tasks performance levels were developed.
  More results at FactBites »



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