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Encyclopedia > Teruel
Teruel
Teruel's location within Spain
Teruel's location within Spain
Province Teruel
Autonomous community Aragón
Postal code 440xx
Coordinates
 - Latitude:
 - Longitude:

40°21' N
1º06' W
Altitude 915 m
Distances 180 km to Zaragoza
140 km to Valencia
Population
 - Total (census of 2006)
 - Density

34,986 inhab.
Demonym Turolense
Rivers Turia
Alfambra
Guadalaviar
Guadalope
View of the mudéjar Cathedral of Teruel
View of the mudéjar Cathedral of Teruel

Teruel is a city in Aragon, Spain, the capital of Teruel Province. It has a population of 34,986 at the 2006 padrón municipal; 28,194 at the 1996; and 30,282 at the 1991 census. It is noted for its harsh climate, its jamón serrano (cured ham), its pottery and its famous Fiestas ("La vaquilla del ángel" during the second weekend of July and "Bodas de Isabel de Segura" around the third weekend of February). Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Teruel ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Teruel province Teruel is a province of central Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Aragon. ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... Look up grade in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A minute is a unit of time equal to 1/60th of an hour and to 60 seconds. ... {{Otheruses4|north the direction}} [[Image:CompassRose16_N.png|thumb|250px|right|[[Compass rose]] with north highlighted and at top]] {{wiktionary}} <nowiki>North is o<nowiki>ne of the [[4 (numbe</nowiki> Block quote r)|four]] cardinal directions, specifically the direction that, in Western culture, is treated as the primary direction: north... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... Distance is a numerical description of how far apart objects are at any given moment in time. ... km redirects here. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Zaragoza (Spanish) Spanish name Zaragoza Founded 24 Postal code 50001 - 50018 Website http://www. ... km redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... This bridge across the Danube River links Hungary with Slovakia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Mudéjar is the name given to the Moors who remained in Spain after the Christian reconquista but were not converted to Christianity, and to a vernacular style of Spanish architecture and decoration, particularly of Aragon and Castile, of 12th and 16th centuries, strongly influenced by Moorish taste and workmanship... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... Teruel province Teruel is a province of central Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Aragon. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Jamón serrano (literally sierra (mountain) ham) is a dry-cured Spanish ham, which is generally served raw in thin slices, similar to the Italian prosciutto. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ...


Teruel's remote and mountainous location (it is 915 metres above sea level) and its low population has led to relative isolation within Spain. A campaign group with the slogan Teruel existe (Teruel exists) was founded in 1999 to press for greater recognition and investment in the city and the province. Due in part to the campaign, transport connections to Teruel are being greatly improved with the construction of a motorway between Zaragoza and Sagunto, large parts of which are now open. However, Teruel remains the only provincial capital in Spain without a direct railway link to the capital, Madrid. 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Motorway symbol in UK, France and Ireland. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Zaragoza (Spanish) Spanish name Zaragoza Founded 24 Postal code 50001 - 50018 Website http://www. ... Saguntum, now Sagunt, (Castilian Sagunto) is an ancient city in the fertile district of Camp de Morvedre in the province of Valencia in eastern Spain. ... Motto: De Madrid al Cielo (From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ...


The beauty of the city's Islamic inheritance has been recognised by UNESCO, which includes four churches in the World Heritage Site Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon, notably the city's ornate cathedral in the Mudéjar style. Another church, San Pedro, keeps the mummified bodies of Isabel Segura (a rich lady) and Diego de Marcilla (a poor man who battled at Crusades to earn some money with the intention to return to get married with Isabel) whose love ended tragically. This story is known as los amantes de Teruel and has inspired writers (for example Hartzenbusch) and an opera composed by Tomás Bretón. Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... A court of la Aljafería. ... A cathedral is a religious building for worship, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican and some Lutheran churches, which serves as a bishops seat, and thus as the central church of a diocese. ... Mudejar Medieval Spanish corruption of the Arabic word Mudajjan &#1605;&#1583;&#1580;&#1606;, meaning domesticated. The term means those who accepted submission to non Muslim authorities in lands taken over by Christians in the Mediterranean. ... A mummy is a corpse whose skin and dried flesh have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or airlessness. ... The Lovers of Teruel (in Spanish Los amantes de Teruel) is a romance story that is alleged to have taken place in 1217 in the small town of Teruel. ... Tomás Bretón (December 29, 1850 – December 2, 1923), was a Spanish musician and composer. ...


One of Teruel's best known monuments is very small statue of a bull on top of a tall column, known as El Torico ("the little bull"). It is located in the main square, Plaza Carlos Castell, more commonly known as the Plaza del Torico in the middle of the city center. The Taj Mahal, commissioned by the Muslim Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, as a mausoleum for his wife, Arjumand Banu Begum. ... Look up bull in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

History

In the Middle Ages Teruel possessed a prominent Jewish community, which enjoyed several privileges, and which paid in the fourteenth century a yearly tax of 300 sueldos. Its members were engaged in commerce and industry, especially in wool-weaving. During the persecutions of 1391 many of them were killed, while others accepted Christianity in order to save their lives.[1]


Teruel was fought over in the Spanish Civil War and suffered much destruction. The Battle of Teruel in December 1937-February 1938, was one of the bloodiest of the war. The city changed hands several times, first falling to the Republicans and eventually being re-taken by the Nationalists. In the course of the fighting, Teruel was subjected to heavy artillery and ariel bombardment. The two sides suffered up to 100,000 casualties between them in the three month battle. Combatants Spanish Republic With the support of: Soviet Union[1] Nationalist Spain With the support of: Italy Germany Commanders Manuel Azaña Francisco Largo Caballero Juan Negrín Francisco Franco Gonzalo Queipo de Llano Emilio Mola José Sanjurjo Casualties 500,000[2] The Spanish Civil War was a major conflict... A Republican soldier seeks cover on the Plaza de Toros in Teruel, north-east of Madrid The battle of Teruel was fought in and around the city of Teruel in the Spanish Civil War in December 1937-February 1938. ...


Miscellaneous

On the outskirts of Teruel is Dinópolis Teruel, a combined theme park and museum centred around dinosaurs. Promoted as a Parque paleontológico (paleontological park), it includes a life-size robotic model of a Tyrannosaurus rex.[2] Dinópolis also owns three other museums in the surrounding area, which display the remains of dinosaurs discovered in the region.[3]. The chimney of Teruel Power Plant belongs to the tallest freestanding structures in Western Europe. Theme Park is a simulation computer game designed by Bullfrog Productions, released in 1994, in which the player designs and operates an amusement park. ... The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ... Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. ... Binomial name Tyrannosaurus rex Osborn, 1905 Synonyms Manospondylus gigas Dynamosaurus imperiosus Dinotyrannus megagracilis Nanotyrannus lancensis? Tyrannosaurus (IPA pronunciation or ; from the Greek τυραννόσαυρος, meaning tyrant lizard) is a genus of tyrannosaurid theropod dinosaur. ... Teruel Power Plant is a large coal fired power plant at Tereul, Spain. ...


Famous People

  • Lucía Gómez (the mayor since 2003)

Luis Buñuel Portolés (February 22, 1900 – July 29, 1983) was a Spanish-born filmmaker who worked mainly in Mexico and France, but also in his native country and the United States. ... David Civera (born January 8, 1979 in Teruel, Aragon) is a Spanish singer. ...

See also

  • Diocese of Teruel and Albarracín.

The Diocese of Teruel and Albarracín (Latin, Turolensis, Albarracinensis) is located in north-eastern Spain, in the province of Teruel, part of the autonomous community of Aragón. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Teruel
  • Teruel existe
  • Teruel Travelguide and Hotel bookings in English
  • The main page of Teruel's City Hall
  • English World Heritage Centre
  • Flickr Photos

Coordinates: 40°21′N, 1°06′W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Teruel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (256 words)
Teruel (Aragonese: Tergüel) is a city in Aragon, Spain, the capital of the province of the same name.
Despite the lack of highways into and from Teruel there is now a large highway in construction passing close to the town.
Teruel is a beautiful town in an old style part of spain, it has a famous cathedral in the Mudéjar style.
Teruel - Places - CAI Tourism of Aragon (888 words)
The church of la Merced was the last example of Mudéjar architecture to be built in Teruel and dates from the 16th century.
The church of los Franciscanos provides an excellent contrast with the large number of Mudéjar buildings in Teruel as it is a splendid example of gothic architecture.
As you walk through Teruel, the twisting streets and alleyways, reminders of the city’s medieval past, will lead you to the most important public and commercial areas like the Plaza del Torico and the Plaza de San Juan.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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