FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Terry Bergeson
The neutrality of this article is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

Teresa "Terry" Bergeson is an American politician currently acting as the Superintendent of Public Instruction of Washington state. The office is non-partisan, but Bergeson is a Democrat. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ...


Bergeson has worked as a teacher and guidance counselor in Massachusetts, Alaska, and Washington. She was elected President of the Washington Education Association in 1985, appointed Superintendent of the Central Kitsap School District in 1989. She holds a bachelor's degree in English, a master's degree in Counseling and Guidance, and a doctorate in Education. A school counselor is a counselor which works in schools. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A bachelors degree (Artium Baccalaureus, A.B. or B.A.) is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate (or graduate) course of one to three years in duration. ...


She was elected Superintendent in 1996 against a businessman who opposed outcome-based education. She won re-election in 2000 against' an Asian American candidate who was an activist against the Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL) The activist had found high school level math items on the 4th grade WASL test, and was an education professor. She won again in a difficult race against former Superintendent (and more qualified candidate) Judith Billings and another anti-WASL activist Juanita Doyon who created the No-WASL buttons in 2004. She has served as the ineffective leader of Washington State's education reform movement, pledging that all students will receive a diploma that proves they are ready for the 21st century. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Outcome-Based Education, also known as OBE, is a form of Education Reform which is now being introduced in Western Australia. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Legacy

Since being appointed Executive Director of the Washington Commission on Student Learning in 1993, Bergeson's most lasting legacy in the field of education may be the Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL). The WASL is one piece of the 1993 eduation reform legislation, based on a design by Marc Tucker's NCEE which put into law the basic principles of Outcome-based education. OBE is now known as standards based education reform after it was widely rejected as unworkable in its original form, and still opposed by education progressives such as Alfie Kohn and Gary Orfield as one of the most destructive influences in public education today. 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Outcome-Based Education, also known as OBE, is a form of Education Reform which is now being introduced in Western Australia. ... Outcomes Based Education, also known as OBE, is a form of educational reform which is currently being introduced in Western Australia and South Africa. ... Alfie Kohn Alfie Kohn is an American lecturer and author in the fields of education, psychology and parenting, residing in Belmont, Massachusetts. ... Gary Orfield, of the Harvard Graduate School of Education, is one of the founders of Harvards The Civil Rights Project. ...


These reforms have changed the direction of education in Washington State by encouraging schools to align to the curriculum framework called the Essential Academic Learning Requirements which incorporated learning standards based on controversial reforms such as standards-based mathematics and whole language. The narrowing of the curriculum in this manner may have contributed to improved test scores, yet reports indicate that the number of college freshman needing remediation in one or more subject area has increased (http://www.sesrc.wsu.edu/remedial/). Groups such as Mothers Against WASL and Citizens United for Responsible Education have opposed the WASL as a test which is expensive, with serious defects and unacceptably serious consequences for the majority of students who are unfairly and arbitrarily labeled failures by this test. A curriculum framework is an organized plan or set of standards or learning outcomes that defines the content to be learned in terms of clear, definable standards of what the student should know and be able to do. ... Principles and Standards for School Mathematics is a document produced in 1989 by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics [5] (NCTM) to set forth a national vision for precollege mathematics education in the US and Canada. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Bergeson's promise: All will succeed

Washington voters evidently backed (sadly) Bergson's pledge that all Washington students will receive a diploma that insures success in the 21st century. This is a belief common to all standards based education reform programs. However WASL results in 2006 were an incredibly massive failure of epic proportions. Of the first class that will be required to pass all WASL sections, only half demonstrated meeting the standards, and three-quarters of minority and low incomes students were also on track to be denied diplomas because of Bergeson's effort to help struggling students by tying the diploma to the controversial WASL test. Unlike IQ tests which are illegal in some states for use in making education decisions, or the SAT test, which has no minimum passing score, the [High school graduation examination| high stakes] WASL test effectively places the high school diploma out of reach of below average students by requiring above average test scores, which are generally achieved by students from the most educated ethnic groups with above average incomes and parental education. Outcomes Based Education, also known as OBE, is a form of educational reform which is currently being introduced in Western Australia and South Africa. ...


More Than Half Are Failing

Although "all will succeed" is a common belief motto of all districts and states committed to standards, this belief stands contradicted by data that all diverse groups have had different test scores on every test ever given, whether norm-referenced IQ and SAT tests, or the standards based WASL, which also shows a bell curve distribution. In 2006, Bergeson told the press she believes that low scoring groups were "just as capable as other students", but only needed "additional help" even though there is no research that shows any program has ever been effective in completely eliminating the achievement gap, or that WASL results reflect anything other than differences in academic capability. Bergeson stands by her promise of the optimistic outcome when all students of all heritages and incomes will meet all standards. Bergeson has never stated how she will be held accountable if the WASL and standards fail to meet expectations, as they are currently failing. The graph of the probability density function of the normal distribution is sometimes called the bell curve or the bell-shaped curve; see normal distribution. ... The term achievement gap refers to the observed disparity on a number of educational measures between the performance of groups of students, especially groups defined by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. ...


Mathematics

Bergeson has been a promoter of standards-based education reform, including in mathematics. By 2007, mathematics reform based on standards-based mathematics had been widely recognized as a failure, with most students still failing even on the aligned WASL mathematics test. Legislation was being considered, and Bergeson consented to an independent panel to study why NCTM standards had led to such dismal performance in mathematics. Many critics called for a return to traditional mathematics such as Singapore Math and Saxon Math. Education reform in the United States since the late 1980s has been largely driven by the setting of academic standards for what students should learn and be able to do. ... Principles and Standards for School Mathematics is a document produced in 1989 by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics [5] (NCTM) to set forth a national vision for precollege mathematics education in the US and Canada. ... The Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL) test is a standarized test used in the state of Washington. ... The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) was founded in 1920. ... Traditional mathematics is the term used for the style of mathematics instruction used for a period in the 20th century before the appearance of reform mathematics based on NCTM standards, so it is best defined by contrast with the alternatives. ...


New Three R's

Bergeson has identified in state documents that the skills requirements for the twenty-first century are Robert Carkhuff's 3 R's--Relating, Representing and Reasoning'[1] These replace the traditional 3 Rs of reading, writing and arithmetic which are no longer believed to be the most important outcomes of education reform. Robert Carkhuff was a self-published Washington OSPI contractor whose thinking system was the basis for the Washington education reform movement and WASL. He has had a decades-long professional relationship with key OSPI staff members Terry Bergeson and Shirley McCune. ...


New Age

Ms. Bergeson is an avowed Theosophist who has worked diligently to introduce Robert Carkhuff's Conceptual Framework into the realm of education in Washington State. Assisting her in her tireless efforts is fellow theosophist, Shirley McCune. Ms. McCune is OSPI's Federal Liaison, and co-author of the book, The Light Shall set you Free, (which was written with the help of several "spirit guides", such as Kuthumi). Seal of the Theosophical Society Theosophy is a body of belief which holds that all religions are attempts by man to ascertain the Divine, and as such each religion has a portion of the truth. ... Robert Carkhuff was a self-published Washington OSPI contractor whose thinking system was the basis for the Washington education reform movement and WASL. He has had a decades-long professional relationship with key OSPI staff members Terry Bergeson and Shirley McCune. ... Kuthumi or Koot Hoomi or Master K.H. is a theosophical Mahatma, also known as an Ascended master or Master of the Wisdom. According to theosophical teachings, he is one of the members of the Spiritual Hierarchy which oversees the development of the human race on this planet. ...


She is known for believing that the pyramids were created by aliens.


A Passage from The New Science of Possibilities, authored by Robert Carkhuff and Bernard Berenson, and purchased by the State of Washington by Terry Bergeson's office:


God is The Great Montessori Teacher: He co-processes only with those of us who use His most precious gift—the intellect with which He has endowed us.


We came to know God only when we came to generate human and phenomenal possibilities, for God is in the phenomena He presents to us.


It is only when we begin to employ the plural pronoun “we” that we know that we are approaching collaboration with God: first relating interpersonally with our fellow collaborators; then processing interdependently with our phenomenal universes; perhaps only then co-processing with God.


The State of Washington purchased nearly $75,000 worth of Robert Carkhuff publications for distribution throughout five States.


Dr. Shirley McCune authorized payment for the purchases from Robert Carkhuff’s publishing company, Human Resource Development (HRD Press). Dr. Shirley McCune and Robert Carkhuff coauthored the Possibilities Schools. When asked to stop promoting New Age religion in public schools, she responded by telling a member of the public she considered her religion as being Metaphysical. [2]


Parody

This was a parody produced during the 2000 OSPI campaign:[3]


Terry Bergeson's Island


Imagine an episode of Gilligan's Island where Terry Bergeson washes ashore. She determines that the reason they can't get off the island is that the castaways, especially Gilligan haven't learned world class skills for the 21st Century. So she organizes the Gilligan's Island Assessment of Skills, and puts together a committee to create a test of what "every castaway must know and be able to do". Every member must pass a test set to the highest island standards. The science and math test must be as good as the Professor, while seamanship must be as good as the captain, to pass you must be as polite and bake pies as well as Mary Ann, as proficient in economics and finance as Mr Howell, and as politically correct and cultured as Mrs Howell, and as talented in the arts as Ginger. As you can imagine, poor Gilligan starts boning up on calculus, physics, singing, acting, navigation, and stock markets, but for some reason, he still can't figure out the test that Bergeson has concocted. The professor comes up short in singing, the Captain can't figure out stocks, Ginger isn't any good at history, etc.


When the big test day comes, Gilligan predictably gets the worst score. But then he asks what the right answers are, and Bergeson admits she doesn't know either. Everybody realizes that instead of saving them, they've turned the island into an academic sweatshop with Terry as the unofficial dictator of what everyone must know and be able to do. They drive her off the island on the same raft she floated in on.


See also

Norma J. Milanovich and Shirley McCune authored the book titled “The Light Shall Set You Free,” In this book, they channel a spirit named Kuthumi and talks about being admitted to a fifth dimension. ... The Washington Assessment of Student Learning (WASL) test is a standarized test used in the state of Washington. ... Outcomes Based Education, also known as OBE, is a form of educational reform which is currently being introduced in Western Australia and South Africa. ... The certificate of Mastery was created by report Americas Choice: High Skills or Low Wages,. It called for the nations workforce for the challenges of a new world economic order. ... Mathematically Correct is a website created by educators, parents, citizens and mathematicians / scientists who are concerned about the direction of standards-based mathematics and education reform. ... The National Center for Fair & Open Testing, also known as FairTest, works to end the misuses and flaws of standardized testing and to ensure that evaluation of students, teachers and schools is fair, open valid and educationally beneficial. ...

References

  1. ^ [1]"The WASL is wasteful and invalid. It does not test our children on the 3 R's as we knew them--reading, 'riting, and 'rithmetic."
  2. ^ The Unveiling of the Bergeson Administration
  3. ^ [2] Terry Bergeson's Island

External links

  • [3]The Unveiling of the Bergeson Administration’s Vision

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rising Student Achievement in Washington State (1310 words)
As an advocate for education and educators, Dr. Bergeson became active in the Washington Education Association; she was elected vice president in 1981, then president in 1985.
Bergeson then went back to work at the district level when, in 1989, she was hired as the executive director of the Central Kitsap School District.
In 2000, Dr. Bergeson again ran for state superintendent of public instruction, and was elected to the position for a second term of office.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m