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Encyclopedia > Terrorism in Iran

Terrorism in Iran is not a serious threat to the state, but the governments of the United States, the United Kingdom, Israel, Kazakhstan, and Yemen have accused the Ahmadinejad administration of sponsoring terrorism either in their, or against their, respective countries. United States President George W. Bush has called Iran the "world's primary state sponsor of terror."[1][2][3][4]   (Persian: ‎ ​, IPA: ), transcribed into English as Mahmud or Mahmood, Ahmadinezhad, Ahmadi-Nejad, Ahmadi Nejad, Ahmady Nejad) (born October 28, 1956) is the current president of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


Iran simultaneously accuses the United States of engaging in terrorism. Alaeddin Boroujerdi, head of the Iranian Parliament's Foreign Policy and National Security Committee, said on 28 January 2007 that the U.S. policy of having troops arrest or kill Iranian militants in Iraq is "against all recognized international treaties to order the death of nationals of another country in a foreign land."[5] January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Attacks

The 1988 shooting down of Iran Air Flight 655

Main article: Iran Air Flight 655

On July 3, 1988 the USS Vincennes shot down an Iranian Airbus A300B2 on a scheduled commercial flight in Iranian airspace over the Strait of Hormuz, resulting in 290 civilian fatalities from six nations, including 66 children. On February 22, 1996 the United States agreed to pay Iran $61.8 million in compensation for the 248 Iranians killed in the shootdown. The United States has not compensated Iran for the airplane itself to date. The aircraft was worth more than $30 million.[citation needed] Iran Air Flight 655 (IR655) was a commercial flight operated by Iran Air that flew from Bandar Abbas, Iran to Dubai. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The fourth USS Vincennes (CG-49) is a U.S. Navy Ticonderoga class AEGIS guided missile cruiser. ... This article is about the airliner manufacturer. ... This article is about the airliner. ... Historical map of the area (1892) Map Of Strait of Hormuz Satellite image The Strait of Hormuz (Arabic: ‎, Persian: ‎) is a narrow, strategically important stretch of ocean between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf in the southwest. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


1990s

Two members of Mujahedin-e-Khalq, an organization the Iranian and U.S. governments regard as terrorist, assassinated Asadollah Lajevardi, a prosecutor and director of Evin Prison, along with his brother and a bystander on 23 August 1998.[6] ... The butcher of Evin Prison in Tehran. ... Evin Prison (زندان اوین) is a prison in Iran, located in the north of Tehran. ... August 23 is the 235th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (236th in leap years), with 130 days remaining. ...


Mashhad bombing

On June 20, 1994 explosion of a bomb in a prayer hall of Imam Reza shrine in Mashhad[7] THE bomb that killed at least 25 people on June 20th in Mashhad exploded at Ashura.[8]Although government blamed Mujahedin-e-Khalq in TV show to avoid sectarian conflict between Shia and Sunni, The Pakistani daily "News" of March 27,1995, reported "Pakistani investigators have identified a 24-year-old religious fanatic Abdul Shakoor residing in Lyari in Karachi, as an important Pakistani associate of Ramzi Yousef. Abdul Shakoor had intimate contacts with Ramzi Ahmed Yousef and was responsible for the June 20,1994, massive bomb explosion at the shrine Imam Ali Reza in Mashhad."[9] June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with a length of 30 days. ... Imam Ali ar Rida (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the Eighth Shia Imam. ... Mashhad (also spelt Mashad, Persian: ‎ , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shia world. ... The Day of Aashurah, sometimes spelled ‘Ashurah or Aashoorah, falls on the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. ... ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Karachi (Urdu: كراچى, Sindhi: ڪراچي) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the most populated city in Pakistan. ... Ramzi Ahmed Yousef or Ramzi Mohammed Yousef (also transliterated as Ramzi Yusuf, Ramzi Youssef) (Arabic: رمزي يوسف ), birth name possibly Abdul Basit Mahmoud Abdul Karim, (Arabic: عبد الباسط كريم ) and also known by dozens of aliases,[1] is a Kuwaiti of Pakistani descent who was one of the planners of the 1993 World Trade Center...


2000s

MEK members fired five rockets at the general command of the Internal Security Forces in Tehran, killing and injuring several, on 7 January 2001.[10] MEK members fired mortar shells at several government buildings, including the Supreme Court, in Tehran on 21 January 2001.[11] January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Tehran (IPA: ; Persian: تهران Tehrān), population (as of 2006) 7,354,000 (metropolitan: 12,651,000), and a land area of 658 square kilometres (254 sq mi), is the capital city of Iran (Persia) and the center of Tehran Province. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


2007 Zahedan bombing

Main article: 2007 Zahedan bombing

A car filled with explosives stopped in front of a bus full of Revolutionary Guards in Ahmabad district, Zahedan, Sistan-Baluchestan Province at 6:30 a.m. on 14 February, 2007. The car, parked in the middle of the road, forced the bus to stop. The car's driver and passengers then got out of the car and used motorbikes to leave the scene while they shot at the bus. A few seconds later the bombs exploded, killing 18 Guards. Guards commander Qasem Rezaei said, "This blind terrorist operation led to the martyrdom of 18 citizens of Zahedan." Rezaei attributed the attack to "insurgents and elements of insecurity." Majid Razavi, an Interior Ministry official, said Iranian police arrested a suspect within an hour of the bombing.[12] Zahedan (Persian: زاهدان) is an Iranian city and the center of the province of Sistan and Baluchistan. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Jundallah, an organization affiliated with Al Qaeda,[13] claimed responsibility for the attack on 15 February and said it is retaliation for the executions of those responsible for the Ahvaz Bombings. The Iranian government has arrested five suspects, two of whom were carrying camcorders and grenades when they were arrested, while the police killed the main "agent" of the attack.[14] Jundullah (Army of God) (Persian: جنداللہ) is a militant Islamic organization that is based in Waziristan, Pakistan and affiliated with Al-Qaeda. ... Al-Qaeda (also al-Qaida or al-Qaida) (Arabic: ‎ , trans. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Hossein Ali Shahriari, Zahedan's representative in parliament, rhetorically asked, "Why does our diplomatic apparatus not seriously confront the Pakistani government for harboring bandits and regime's enemies? Why do security, military and police officials not take more serious action?"[14] Overview Political Groupings Pakistans two largest mainstream parties are the left-wing Pakistan Peoples Party and the centrist Pakistan Muslim League. ...


Counter-terrorism

Hassan Kazemi, Iran's ambassador to Iraq, said on 18 January 2007 that Iran is willing to train Iraqi security forces and give them military equipent for counter-terrorism.[15] January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Russian government has worked with the United States and Iran in counter-terrorism operations.[16][17]


State-sponsored terrorism

The Council on Foreign Relations says Iran actively supports Hamas, Hezbollah, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, and the PKK.[18] The Saleh administration in Yemen has accused the Iranian government of fueling the Sa'dah conflict by financing and directing the Believing Youth, a militant Shi'ite Zeidi organization that is trying to overthrow the mostly Sunni government.[4] The Council on Foreign Relations The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an American foreign policy think tank based in New York City. ... Hamas (Arabic: ‎; acronym: Arabic: ‎, or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement; the Arabic acronym means zeal) is a Palestinian Islamist organization that currently (since January 2006) forms the majority party of the Palestinian National Authority. ... For other uses, see Hezbollah (disambiguation). ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ... The Congress for Freedom and Democracy in Kurdistan (Kadek), formerly known as the Kurdistan Workers Party (Kurdish: Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan, PKK ) was one of several militant groups fighting for the creation of an independent Kurdish state in southern Turkey, northern Iraq, Northern Syria and western Iran. ... Country name: conventional long form: Republic of Yemen conventional short form: Yemen local long form: ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮﺭﯾّﺔ ﺍﻟﯿﻤﻦ‬ (Al-Jumhuriyyah al-Yamaniyah) local short form: ‫ﺍﻟﯿﻤﻦ‬ (Al-Yaman) Data code... Combatants Military of Yemen Shiite insurgents Commanders many Hussein al-Houthi† Badreddin al-Huthi Casualties > 700 killed[1] The Sadah conflict began in June 2004 when dissident cleric Hussein al-Houthi, head of the Shī‘a Zeidi sect, launched an uprising against the Yemeni government. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ...


Hezbollah

On 3 February 2007 Hezbollah leader Hasan Nasrallah admitted for the first time that the Government of Iran assists Hezbollah with "money, weapons, and training, motivated by a religious fraternity and ethnic solidarity. And the help is funneled through Syria, and everybody knows it."[19] February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Hassan Nasrallah (Arabic: حسن نصرالله) is the current Secretary General of the Lebanese political party group Hezbollah. ...


See also

There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The New Great Game is the competition between China, Germany, India, Japan, Russia, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States to secure reliable long-term sources of petroleum and natural gas through the construction of oil pipelines in the post-Soviet nations of Central Asia. ...

References

  1. ^ Blair: Iran sponsors terrorism CNN
  2. ^ Sharon calls Syria and Iran sponsors of terrorism Pravda
  3. ^ Kazakhstan dismisses alleged anti-Iran comments from president IRNA
  4. ^ a b Fighting breaks out in Yemen with Shi'ite group tied to Iran World Tribune
  5. ^ Iran official blasts U.S. for policy of 'terrorism' North Jersey Media Group
  6. ^ Mujahedin-e-Khalq (MeK) attacked Government target (Aug. 23, 1998, Iran) MIPT Terror Knowledge Base
  7. ^ ABC Evening News for Monday, Jun 20, 1994
  8. ^ Explosive circles: Iran. (Mashhad bombing)
  9. ^ SIPAH-E-SAHABA PAKISTAN, LASHKAR-E-JHANGVI, BIN LADEN & RAMZI YOUSEF
  10. ^ Mujahedin-e-Khalq (MeK) attacked Government target (Jan. 7, 2001, Iran) MIPT Terror Knowledge Base
  11. ^ Mujahedin-e-Khalq (MeK) attacked Government target (Jan. 21, 2001, Iran) MIPT Terror Knowledge Base
  12. ^ Report: Bomb kills 18 Revolutionary Guardsmen in Iran The Washington Post
  13. ^ Al-Qaeda gains Palestine foothold Scotsman
  14. ^ a b 11 Guards killed in Iran bomb attack Gulf Times
  15. ^ Iran offers to help train, equip Iraqi forces RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty
  16. ^ State Duma Deputy: US Making strategic mistake Pravda
  17. ^ Russian Defense Minister for cooperation with Iran in countering international terrorism Pravda
  18. ^ State Sponsors: Iran Council on Foreign Relations
  19. ^ Nasrallah admits 'intelligence failure' The Jerusalem Post


Terrorism in Central Asia

Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan Terrorism in Central Asia is largely a cross-border phenomenon. ...

External link

  • French lawmakers urge terror label for Hezbollah

 
 

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