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Encyclopedia > Terrorism Act 2000
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The Terrorism Act 2000 is a current United Kingdom Act of Parliament - "An Act to make provision about terrorism; and to make temporary provision for Northern Ireland about the prosecution and punishment of certain offences, the preservation of peace and the maintenance of order." In Westminster System parliaments, an Act of Parliament is a part of the law passed by the Parliament. ...


It supersedes and repeals the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1989 and the Northern Ireland (Emergency Provisions) Act 1996. The Prevention of Terrorism Acts were a series of Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom from 1974 to 1989, which conferred emergency powers upon police forces where they suspected terrorism. ...


Up to early 2004 around 500 people are believed to have been arrested under the Act; seven people have been charged.

Contents


Definition of terrorism

Terrorism is defined, in the first section of the Act, as follows: Jump to: navigation, search The term terrorism is largely synonymous with political violence, and refers to a strategy of using coordinated attacks that typically fall outside the time, manner of conduct, and place commonly understood as representing the bounds of conventional warfare. ...

section 1. -
(1) In this Act "terrorism" means the use or threat of action where-
(a) the action falls within subsection (2),
(b) the use or threat is designed to influence the government or to intimidate the public or a section of the public, and
(c) the use or threat is made for the purpose of advancing a political, religious or ideological cause.
(2) Action falls within this subsection if it-
(a) involves serious violence against a person,
(b) involves serious damage to property,
(c) endangers a person's life, other than that of the person committing the action,
(d) creates a serious risk to the health or safety of the public or a section of the public, or
(e) is designed seriously to interfere with or seriously to disrupt an electronic system.
(3) The use or threat of action falling within subsection (2) which involves the use of firearms or explosives is terrorism whether or not subsection (1)(b) is satisfied.

Section 1 goes on to give the Act worldwide scope:

  • an "action" can be anywhere in the world,
  • "the government" is that of any country, not just the UK, and
  • "the public" is the public of any country.

Training

Under section 54 training can be an offense:

 " 54. - (1) A person commits an offence if he provides instruction or training in the making or use of- (a) firearms, (b) explosives, or (c) chemical, biological or nuclear weapons." 

Under this giving training in the construction of explosives is an offence thus making showing the chemical data avaible on this page illegal. This article is about the plastic explosive. ...


List of proscribed groups

Under the act, the Home Secretary may modify the list of proscribed groups by his order if he believes that an organization is "concerned in terrorism". Such an organization is defined as an organization that "commits or participates in acts of terrorism, prepares for terrorism, promotes or encourages terrorism, or is otherwise concerned in terrorism." The Home Secretary (official full title Secretary of State for the Home Department) is the chief United Kingdom government minister responsible for law and order in England and Wales; his or her remit includes policing, the criminal justice system, the prison service, internal security, and matters of citizenship and immigration. ...


International groups

The secretary of state's list proscribes a number of international organisations, the majority due to accusations connected with Islamic fundamentalism. The list as of an update on 14 October 2005 is: Islamic fundamentalism is primarily used in the Western world to describe Islamist groups. ...

source: http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/security/terrorism-and-the-law/terrorism-act/proscribed-groups November 17 (also known as 17N or N17) was a Marxist Greek organisation listed in U.S. State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations. ... Created by a split from the Fatah in 1974, the Abu Nidal Organization (officially named Fatah - the Revolutionary Council) is an international organization named for its founder Abu Nidal. ... The Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG), or simply Abu Sayyaf, also known as Al Harakat Al Islamiyya, is a separatist group of islamist terrorists based in and around the southern islands of the Philippines, primarily Jolo, Basilan, and Mindanao. ... Al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya (Arabic for the Islamic Group; also transliterated Gamaat Islamiya, Jamaat al Islamiya, etc. ... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ... The Armed Islamic Group (GIA, from French Groupe Islamique Armé; Arabic al-Jamaah al-Islamiyah al-Musallah) is a militant Islamist group with the declared aim of overthrowing the Algerian government and replacing it with an Islamic state. ... Babbar Khalsa International logo Babbar Khalsa International logo variation Babbar Khalsa is the oldest and most prominent Sikh freedom fighting organisation and is one of many Sikh groups operating for the formation of an independent Sikh state called Khalistan (meaning Land of the Pure) from Indian territory in the Punjab... For other meanings of ETA, see Eta. ... The Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ), also called the Islamic Jihad and the Jihad Group, is an Egyptian Islamic group active since the late 1970s with origins in the Muslim Brotherhood. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... Sheikh Izz ad-Din al-Qassam (Arabic: عزّ الدين القسّام) (1882-1935) was born in Latakia, Syria and immigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM) (previously Harakat al-Ansar), the HUM is an Islamic militant group based in Pakistan that operates primarily in Kashmir. ... Hezbollah militant Guerrilla carrying Hezbollah Flag Hezbollah (Arabic ‮حزب الله‬, meaning Party of God) is a political and military organization in Lebanon founded in 1982 to fight Israel in southern Lebanon. ... Jump to: navigation, search The International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF), proscribed in India under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) on March 22, 2002, was founded in the United Kingdom (UK) in 1984 after Operation Blue Star, conducted on June 5, 1984, to flush out Sikh terrorists from the Golden... The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) is a movement to overthrow the government of Uzbekistan and replace it with a theocracy. ... Jemaah Islamiyah, sometimes rendered Jemaah Islamiah, is a militant Islamic separatist movement, suspected of killing hundreds of civilians, dedicated to the establishment of a fundamentalist Islamic state in Southeast Asia, in particular Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, and the south of Thailand and the Philippines. ... Jump to: navigation, search Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) Flag The Kurdistan Workers Party (Kurdish: Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan or PKK), also known as KADEK and Kontra-Gel, is an armed organization dedicated to creating an independent Kurdish state in a territory (sometimes referenced as Kurdistan) that consists of parts of... Lashkar-e-Toiba or Lashkar-i-Taiba (the Army of the Pure) (formed 1990) is a militant Islamist group based in Pakistan and active in carrying out armed attacks on Indian armed forces and civilians in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, pronounced L-T-T), also known as the Tamil Tigers, is the main Tamil anti-government organization operating in Sri Lanka. ... ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ... The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (French Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat) is an Algerian Islamist guerilla group which aims to overthrow the Algerian state and institute some sort of Islamic republic. ... The Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) is the most powerful radical faction waging holy war against Colonel Moammar al-Qadhafi. ...


Domestic

A number of armed groups are also proscribed due to accusations arising from the Troubles in Northern Ireland. The list as of October 2005 is: This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Jump to: navigation, search Royal motto: Quis separabit (Latin: Who will separate?) Northern Irelands location within the UK Official languages English, Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Area  - Total Ranked 4th 13,843 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 4th 1,685,267...

source: http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/security/terrorism-and-the-law/terrorism-act/proscribed-groups The Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA) is an Irish Republican paramilitary organisation which split from the Provisional IRA in 1986 in a dispute over the attendance of the elected representatives of Sinn Féin (the political party affiliated to the Provisional IRA) at Dáil Éireann (the lower house of... Cumann na mBan (meaning Womens Association in Irish) is the womans auxiliary organisation of the IRA. This article is a stub. ... Fianna Éireann (Irish: Warriors of Ireland, named after the mythological Fianna) is an Irish republican youth movement. ... The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) is an Irish republican paramilitary organization which was formed on December 8, 1974. ... Irish Peoples Liberation Organisation was formed in 1986 by disaffected and expelled members of the Irish National Liberation Army in the aftermath of the supergrass trials. ... Jump to: navigation, search The West Cork Flying Column during the War of Independence. ... The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) is a paramilitary group which aimed, through the use of violence, to achieve three goals: (i) British withdrawal from Ireland, (ii) the political unification of Ireland through the merger of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland , and (iii) the creation of an all... The term Official IRA relates to one of the two elements of the Irish Republican Army - the other being the Provisional IRA - that emerged from the ideological split in the Irish Republican movement in 1969-70. ... The Real Irish Republican Army, otherwise known as the Real IRA, is an Irish republican paramilitary organisation founded before the signing of the 1998 Good Friday (Belfast) Agreement by former members of the Provisional IRA who opposed the Provisional IRAs 1997 cease-fire and acquiescence in the accord in... Jump to: navigation, search The Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA) is an Irish Republican paramilitary organisation (which supporters recognise as the National Army of the 32-County Irish Republic) that split from the Provisional IRA in 1986. ... The Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) is a loyalist terrorist group in Northern Ireland which broke away from the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and was led by the late Billy Wright. ... The Orange Volunteers (OV) are a break-away Loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland. ... The Red Hand Commandos (originally known simply as the Red Hand Commando) are a Northern Ireland loyalist paramilitary group with links to the Ulster Volunteer Force. ... The RHD is an extremist terrorist group formed in 1998 and composed largely of Protestant hardliners from Loyalist groups observing a cease-fire. ... Jump to: navigation, search Saor Éire (meaning Free Ireland) was a left-wing political organisation established in September 1931 by communist-leaning members of the Irish Republican Army, with the backing of the IRA leadership. ... The Ulster Defence Association (UDA) is a loyalist paramilitary organisation in Northern Ireland, outlawed as a terrorist group in the UK and Republic of Ireland, which is perceived by its supporters as defending the unionist community from Irish Republican Terrorism. ... The Ulster Defence Association (UDA) is a Northern Irish Loyalist paramilitary organisation outlawed as a terrorist group in the UK and Republic of Ireland, which is perceived by its supporters as defending the unionist community from Irish nationalism. ... The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) is a loyalist paramilitary (terrorist) group in Northern Ireland. ...


Related topics

See also:

The Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 or ATCSA is a British Act of Parliament introduced as emergency legislation after the September 11, 2001 attacks in New York. ... The Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 is a British Act of Parliament intended to deal with the Law Lords ruling of 16 December 2004, that the detention without trial of nine foreigners at HM Prison Belmarsh under Part IV of the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 was unlawful... The United Kingdom has a long and established tradition of respect for its citizens human rights. ...

External links

  • Official text of the Terrorism Act 2000

  Results from FactBites:
 
Terrorism Act 2000 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1409 words)
Acts of Parliament of the Kingdom of England to 1659
Acts of Parliament of the Kingdom of England to 1699
Acts of Parliament of the Kingdom of Ireland
Terrorism Act 2006: Information from Answers.com (4442 words)
The government considers the Act a necessary response to an unparallelled terrorist threat; it has encountered opposition from those who feel that it is an undue imposition on civil liberties, and could convince members of Britain's Muslim community to turn to violence.
The Act has drawn considerable media attention, not least because one of the key votes resulted in the first defeat of the government of Tony Blair on the floor of the House of Commons, and the worst such defeat for any government since 1978.
This was a considerable increase over the existing term permitted by the Terrorism Act 2000, which allowed for a maximum 14 days detention before charges were laid; contrast also to the maximum of four days detention without charge allowed in cases of murder, rape and complex fraud [4].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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