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Encyclopedia > Terrace, British Columbia

Coordinates: 54°30′59.3″N, 128°35′59.0″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Terrace
(Flag of British Columbia) (City flag)
Mayor Jack Talstra
Councillors Lynne Christiansen
Marylin Davies
Brian Downie
Carol Leclerc
Rich McDaniel
Brad Pollard
Land area 42.23 km²
Annual precipitation 1295 mm
Average summer temperature 21 °C
Population (2005) 12,109
Immigrant Population 1,670 (14%)
Languages English (Official)86%
French (Official)4%
Non Official 10%
Religion Catholic 18%
United Church 9%
Other 36%
No Religion 35%
Value of building permits (2000) $24.9 million
Business licences issued (2001) 1,159
Average household income $60,374

Terrace is a forestry-dependent community on the Skeena River in British Columbia, Canada. Tsimshian people have lived in the area for thousands of years. The community has a population 12,109 with a regional population of 19,980 (Statistics Canada, 2001). The community vies with Prince Rupert as a regional hub for the northern coastal area. It is the seat of the Kitimat-Stikine Regional District. Image File history File links Flag_of_British_Columbia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Flag of British Columbia The Flag of British Columbia is a banner of the provincial arms. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 612 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (713 × 698 pixel, file size: 60 KB, MIME type: image/png) Terrace, British Columbia location. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the U.K. and its former colonies. ... Net migration rates for 2006: positive (blue) and negative (orange) Although human migration has existed for hundreds of thousands of years, immigration in the modern sense refers to movement of people from one nation-state to another, where they are not citizens. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The United Church of Canada (French: lÉglise Unie du Canada) is Canadas second largest church (after the Roman Catholic Church), and its largest Protestant denomination. ... The Skeena River is on the north coast of British Columbia, passing through Terrace. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 36 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 5th 944,735 km² 925,186 km² 19,549 km... The Tsimshian (usually pronounced in English SIM-shee-an), translated as People Inside the Skeena River, are a Native American and First Nation people who live around Terrace and Prince Rupert, on the north coast of British Columbia and the southernmost corner of Alaska on Annette Island. ... Orthographic projection centred over Prince Rupert BC Coast, showing Prince Rupert and Vancouver Prince Rupert is a city in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ... YK NWT AB USA AK Capital Cariboo Cowichan GVRD Nanaimo Stikine Kitimat-Stikine is a Regional District in northwestern British Columbia, Canada. ...


The community sits on the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (which is now owned by CN) and the Yellowhead Highway. Grand Trunk Pacific Railway logo or herald The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (GTPR) was a historical Canadian railway. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS), known as Canadian National Railways (CNR) between 1918 and 1960, and Canadian National/Canadien National (CN) from 1960 to present, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Yellowhead Highway is a major east-west highway connecting the four western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. ...

Contents

Geography

Terrace and the surrounding Skeena Valley are located in a hybrid coastal/interior rainforest on the Skeena River, approximately 115 kilometres from its mouth at the Pacific Ocean. The lush forests in the area consist primarily of cedar, hemlock and fir.
Sediment deposits from the river over thousands of years have produced the natural 'benches' around much of the city, which sits approximately 70 metres above sea level and just east of the Skeena and Kitsumkalum River confluence.
The Hazelton Mountains are to the west of the city, while the Kitimat Ranges of the Coast Mountains are to the East.

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 547 pixel Image in higher resolution (890 × 609 pixel, file size: 239 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) City of Terrace, BC from Mt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 547 pixel Image in higher resolution (890 × 609 pixel, file size: 239 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) City of Terrace, BC from Mt. ... Sediment is any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bed or bottom of a body of water or other liquid. ... Location of the Hazelton Mountains The Hazelton Mountains are a grouping of mountain ranges on the inland lee of the Kitimat Ranges of the Coast Mountains in northwestern British Columbia, Canada, spanning the area of Hazelton, British Columbia south to the Nechako Reservoir. ... The Kitimat Ranges are one of the main subdivisions of the Coast Mountains. ... The Coast Mountains are the westernmost range of the Pacific Cordillera, running along the south western shore of the North American continent, extending south from the Alaska Panhandle and covering most of coastal British Columbia. ...


History

First Nations

The First Nations of Canada have inhabited Northwest BC for over 5,000 years. This region is one of the oldest continuously occupied regions of the world and, long before European contact, was one of the most densely populated areas north of Mexico. Kitsumkalum and Kitselas are two of seven Tsimshian tribes in the Terrace area that have occupied traditional territories in northwest British Columbia. The Skeena River was known initially as the "K'shian" river meaning "water from the clouds". The traditional economy of the Tsimshian Nation was based on hunting, fishing and social gatherings, for domestic consumption or trade, on their traditional lands. For the Native people, the Skeena River was used for transportation, communication, war, trade, as a source of food and at times for protection. In 1866 the steamer Mumford made it as far as Kitsumkalum with supplies for the Telegraph line. It took an average of three days to travel from Port Essington (at the mouth of the Skeena River, near Prince Rupert) to Hazelton. First Nations is a common title used in Canada to describe the various societies of indigenous peoples of North America located in what is now Canada, who are not of Inuit or Métis descent. ... This article is about the continent. ... Kitsumkalum is one of the 14 tribes of the Tsimshian nation of British Columbia, Canada, and is also the name of their Indian Reserve just west of the city of Terrace, British Columbia, where the Kitsumkalum River flows into the Skeena River. ... Kitselas (or Gitsilaasü) is one of the 14 tribes of the Tsimshian nation of British Columbia, Canada. ... Port Essington was a cannery town on the south bank of the Skeena River estuary in northwestern British Columbia, Canada, between Prince Rupert and Terrace, and at the confluence of the Skeena and Ecstall Rivers. ... The Bulkley River (left) flowing into the Skeena River (right) near Ksan Ksan Historical Village // Hazelton is a small town located at the junction of the Bulkley and Skeena Rivers in northern British Columbia, Canada. ...


George Little

A man with a "Little" vision and big dreams arrived in the Skeena River valley in March 1905 by snowshoeing through grueling deep snow along the Kitimat trail. George Little liked what he saw and knew that this land was indeed the land that he was searching for since he left his native Ontario. His keen interest and faith in Terrace were contagious and soon gave way to a flood of pioneer settlers. Eventually, resulting in a thriving city that respects the man who founded Terrace who recognized the potential of the Skeena Valley. The District of Kitimat is a small town in northwestern British Columbia. ...


The riverboats operated on the Skeena for only 22 years. The last boat The Inlander finished up in September 1912, when the railroad took over. Fitting nicely into his vision of Terrace, George Little donated forty-seven acres (190,000 m²) to the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. The station stop was originally named "Littleton"; however, as there was already a Littleton in New Brunswick, Little changed the name to "Terrace" in reference to the local geography. Little established a sawmill to accommodate the demand for railway ties. In 1955, Little rode the first C.N.R. train to Kitimat passing over the same route he had trekked one half century earlier. Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Official languages English, French (the only constitutionally bilingual province in the country) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson - Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 10 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st...


Terrace Mutiny

Main article: Terrace Mutiny

During World War II, military units composed primarily of conscripts from central and eastern Canada were stationed in Terrace. Morale was low due to the poor relationship between the soldiers and the local populace, the isolation, the damp weather, lack of recreation, crowded facilities, and the distance from home. In late 1944, because of declining enlistment and heavy casualties, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King was forced to reconsider his promise to not deploy conscripts overseas. Mackenzie King decided to a one-time assignment of conscripts for overseas service. On November 24, 1944, news that conscripts might be sent overseas triggered a mutiny amongst the men stationed in Terrace. It took until November 29 for officers to restore order to the troops. The Terrace Mutiny was the most serious breach of discipline in Canadian military history. The Terrace Mutiny was a revolt by Canadian soldiers based in Terrace, British Columbia during World War II. The mutiny, which began on November 24, 1944 and ended on November 29, 1944, was the most serious breach of discipline in Canadian military history. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Central Canada, defined politically. ... Eastern Canada, defined politically. ... Not to be confused with William Lyon Mackenzie, Mackenzie Kings grandfather. ... Mutiny is the act of conspiring to disobey an order that a group of similarly-situated individuals (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) is legally obliged to obey. ... The Terrace Mutiny was a revolt by Canadian soldiers based in Terrace, British Columbia during World War II. The mutiny, which began on November 24, 1944 and ended on November 29, 1944, was the most serious breach of discipline in Canadian military history. ... The Canadian Army as such only existed under that name from November 1940 to February 1968. ...


Economy

Terrace was once known as the cedar pole capital of the world. Over 50,000 poles were manufactured annually to supply many parts of North America with telephone and electric power poles. The world's tallest pole of 50 metres (162 feet) was cut in Terrace and is currently standing in New York City[1]. For many years, logging has been the major industry in the region. In modern times, Terrace's economy has diversified. Becoming less dependent on one large employer/industry, the city boasts a balanced economy, one which is effectively equipped to withstand the brunt of any cyclic downturn. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC, City That Never Sleeps, The Concrete Jungle, The City So Nice They Named It Twice Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1676 Government  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area...


The community was hit hard in 2001 by the problems and eventual closure of the biggest local employer, the former Skeena Cellulose Inc. pulp mill. The mill was bought by Terrace Lumber Co., a group of local owners, and re-opened in late August 2005, but did not prosper and closed in mid-2006. By the end of 2006, the remaining equipment was auctioned off and the mill was torn down. However, with a possible oil pipeline that would run through Terrace, as well as the recent announcement of a major container port expansion project in nearby Prince Rupert, the economic situation appears to have a brighter future.


Throughout the economic fallout and recovery, the city has been accepting donations and collecting grants to direct at the production of a largely enhanced sportsplex to replace the aging arena and aquatic centre, largely as a symbol of economic resilience. As of March 2006, slightly over four million of the five million dollars required to initiate the project has been collected from various sources. While city reserve funds have not been included in these totals, it is conceivable that they may be required to complete the project.


Educational institutions

Terrace is located within School District 82 Coast Mountains, along with Kitimat. Prior to amalgamation in 1996 with School District 80 (Kitimat), schools in Terrace were within School District 88 (Terrace). There is one senior secondary school within Terrace itself, Caledonia Senior Secondary School[2], which serves grades 11 and 12. School District 82 Coast Mountains is a school district in northwestern British Columbia between Prince Rupert and Prince George. ... The District of Kitimat is a small town in northwestern British Columbia. ...


There is also one junior secondary school, Skeena Junior Secondary School. Another junior secondary, Thornhill Junior Secondary School, is located in Thornhill, a community directly across the Skeena River from Terrace. Skeena River and part of Thornhill, BC from Terrace Mountain The community of Thornhill is an unincorporated settlement of approximately 4,500 people on the east side of the Skeena River immediately across from the City of Terrace, British Columbia. ...


The main campus of the Northwest Community College[3] is located in Terrace, where it was established in 1975. Northwest Community College (NWCC) is a post-secondary educational institution that serves the residents of north-west British Columbia. ...


Old Skeena Bridge

The Old Skeena Bridge officially opened July 1925, halting the use of the Ferry Island ferry service to Thornhill Creek. In 1944, the Skeena River highway between Terrace and Prince Rupert was ceremoniously opened with a convoy of Canadian and American Army bands that were part of the troops stationed here during World War II. Terrace could now easily transport to anywhere in British Columbia. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


This bridge now shares its load with the New Skeena Bridge, a two way bridge crossing Ferry Island and connecting Thornhill, British Columbia with the other side of town. The new bridge, constructed circa 1970, is fully paved and offers uninterrupted two-way traffic flow, as opposed to the metal decking of the one-way old bridge. The Old Skeena Bridge was once noted for being the largest curved wooden-plank bridge in North America until its decking was replaced with metal grates in 2002. World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ...


Media

Newspaper

  • Terrace Standard

Radio

Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ... CFNR-FM is a Canadian radio station based in Terrace, British Columbia, owned and operated by Northern Native Broadcasting. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... CFPR is a Canadian radio station, airing at 860 AM in Prince Rupert, British Columbia. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CBUF is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts the programming of Radio-Canadas La Première Chaîne network in Vancouver, British Columbia. ... La Première Chaîne is the news and information service of la Société Radio-Canada, the French-language public broadcaster in Canada. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...

Television

Station infobox CFTK is the name of a television station in Terrace, British Columbia. ... CBC Television is the primary English language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CBUFT is Radio-Canadas television station in Vancouver, serving franco-colombians in British Columbia. ... Télévision de Radio-Canada, often simply Radio-Canada, is the main French language television service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ...

Notes

The book Unmarked: Landscapes Along Highway 16, written by Sarah de leeuw, includes a short essay on Terrace titled "Unmarked". Sarah de Leeuw is a Canadian writer who wrote Unmarked: Landscapes Along Highway 16. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Terrace, British Columbia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1016 words)
Terrace is a forestry-dependent community on the Skeena River in British Columbia, Canada.
Terrace was once known as the cedar pole capital of the world.
Kitsumkalum and Kitselas are two of seven Tsimshian tribes in the Terrace area that has occupied traditional territories in northwest British Columbia.
Terrace, British Columbia (669 words)
Anglers migrate to Terrace to challenge the legendary steelhead and spring salmon of the Skeena River.
The area is also a naturalists delight, with examples of different types of trees, plants and wildlife including the elusive Kermode bear and such birds as the rare trumpeter swan.
Terrace is on air, rail and bus routes while being on the Yellowhead Highway 16, 140 km (87 mi) east of Prince Rupert and 581 km (361 mi) west of Prince George
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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