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Encyclopedia > Terra Australis
Terra Australis is the large continent on the bottom of the map
Terra Australis is the large continent on the bottom of the map

Terra Australis (also: Terra Australis Incognita, Latin for "the unknown land of the South") was an imaginary continent, appearing on European maps from the 15th to the 18th century. terra australis From http://www. ... terra australis From http://www. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


It was introduced by Aristotle. Aristotle's ideas were later expanded by Ptolemy, a Greek cartographer from the first century AD, who believed that the Indian Ocean was enclosed on the south by land. When, during the Renaissance, Ptolemy became the main source of information for European cartographers, the land started to appear on their maps. Although voyages of discovery did sometimes reduce the area where the continent could be found, cartographers kept drawing it on their maps and scientists argued for its existence, with such arguments as that there should be a large landmass in the south as a counterweight to the known landmasses in the Northern Hemisphere. Usually the land was shown as a continent around the South Pole, but much larger than the actual Antarctica, spreading far north -- in particular in the Pacific Ocean. New Zealand, first seen by a European (Abel Tasman) in 1642, was by some regarded as a part of the continent, as well as Africa and Australia. Aristotle (Ancient Greek: Aristotelēs 384 BC – March 7, 322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, who studied with Plato and taught Alexander the Great. ... Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ... Cartography or mapmaking (in Greek chartis = map and graphein = write) is the study and practice of making maps or globes. ... The 1st century was that century which lasted from 1 AD to 100 AD. // Events 8-23: Wang Mang overthrew Han dynasty of China 28-75 Emperor Ming of Han, Buddhism reaches China Masoretes adds vowel pointings to the text of the Tanakh Buddhist monks in Sri Lanka first write... In the traditional view, the Renaissance is understood as an historical age that was preceded by the Middle Ages and followed by the Reformation. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one. ... Exploration is the act of searching or traveling for the purpose of discovery, e. ... A landmass is a large extent of land. ... Southern Hemisphere The Southern Hemisphere is the half of a planets surface (or celestial sphere) that is south of the equator (the word hemisphere literally means half ball). On Earth it contains four continents (part of Africa, Oceania, most of South America, and Antarctica) and four oceans (South Atlantic... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Insert non-formatted text here The Northern Hemisphere is the half of a planets surface (or celestial sphere) that is north of the equator (the word hemisphere literally means half ball). On the Earth, the Northern Hemisphere contains most of the land and population. ... Location of the South Pole in the Antarctic continent. ... Portrait of Tasman |Batavia]]) with two small ships, the Heemskerck and the Zeehaen, first to Mauritius, and from there sailed east at a higher latitude than the Dutch had done before. ... Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ...

Map of Terra Australis
Map of Terra Australis

The idea of Terra Australis was finally corrected by Matthew Flinders and James Cook. Download high resolution version (1000x876, 183 KB)terra australis From http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1000x876, 183 KB)terra australis From http://www. ... Captain Matthew Flinders, RN (16 March 1774 - 19 July 1814) was one of the most accomplished navigators and chartmakers of his age. ... James Cook, portrait by Nathaniel Dance, c. ...


Cook circumnavigated New Zealand, showing it could not be part of a large continent. On his second voyage he circumnavigated the globe at a very high southern latitude, at some places even crossing the south polar circle, showing that any possible southern continent must lie well within the cold polar areas. There could be no extension into regions with a temperate climate, as had been thought before. To circumnavigate a place, such as an island, a continent, or the Earth, is to travel all the way around it by boat or ship. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... The polar circles is a name for the Arctic and the Antarctic Circle. ... In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ...


Flinders took command of an expedition to investigate the coastline of Australia in 1801, which he circled in a anti-clockwise direction, threading the Great Barrier Reef through what is now called Flinders Passage and surveying the Gulf of Carpentaria in the north. His charts of the coastline were remarkably accurate. After completing his work in 1803, he sailed for England. His ship was wrecked on an uncharted reef, however, and he returned to Australia in the ship's cutter, a remarkable 1,130-km (700-mile) journey. Although practically unheard of in his native England, Flinders is well known in Australia, where he has more statues erected in his honour than anyone else, with the exception of Queen Victoria. Satellite image of a part of the Great Barrier Reef. ... The Gulf of Carpentaria viewed from orbit. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ...


The country of Australia was first termed Terra Australis by Flinders when he wrote a book of this title containing the maps he had made on his several voyages.


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Terra Australis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (322 words)
Terra Australis is the large continent on the bottom of the map
The idea of Terra Australis was finally corrected by James Cook.
In modern times, the term 'Terra Australis' has come to be synonymous with the continent of Australia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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