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Encyclopedia > Terence Tao
Terence Chi-Shen Tao

Professor Terence Tao
Born 17 July 1975 (1975-07-17) (age 32)
Nationality Flag of Australia Australian
Field Mathematics
Institutions UCLA
Alma mater Flinders University, Princeton University
Academic advisor   Elias M. Stein
Known for harmonic analysis, partial differential equations, combinatorics, analytic number theory and representation theory
Notable prizes Fields Medal (2006)
FRS (2007)

Terence Chi-Shen Tao (陶哲軒) (born July 17, 1975, Adelaide, South Australia) is an Australian mathematician working primarily on harmonic analysis, partial differential equations, combinatorics, analytic number theory and representation theory. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... Binomial name Ucla xenogrammus Holleman, 1993 The largemouth triplefin, Ucla xenogrammus, is a fish of the family Tripterygiidae and only member of the genus Ucla, found in the Pacific Ocean from Viet Nam, the Philippines, Palau and the Caroline Islands to Papua New Guinea, Australia (including Christmas Island), and the... Flinders University, or The Flinders University of South Australia, is a public university in Adelaide. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States of America. ... Elias M. Stein Elias Menachem Stein (born January 13, 1931) is the Albert Baldwin Dod Professor of Mathematics at Princeton University. ... Harmonic analysis is the branch of mathematics which studies the representation of functions or signals as the superposition of basic waves. ... In mathematics, a partial differential equation (PDE) is a relation involving an unknown function of several independent variables and its partial derivatives with respect to those variables. ... Combinatorics is a branch of pure mathematics concerning the study of discrete (and usually finite) objects. ... Analytic number theory is the branch of number theory that uses methods from mathematical analysis. ... In mathematics Representation theory is the name given to the study of standard representations of abstract mathematical structures. ... The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical Union, a meeting that takes place every four years. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Adelaide (disambiguation). ... Capital Adelaide Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Premier Mike Rann (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 11  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $59,819 (5th)  - Product per capita  $38,838/person (7th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  1,558,200 (5th)  - Density  1. ... Leonhard Euler, considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all time A mathematician is a person whose primary area of study and research is the field of mathematics. ... Harmonic analysis is the branch of mathematics which studies the representation of functions or signals as the superposition of basic waves. ... In mathematics, a partial differential equation (PDE) is a relation involving an unknown function of several independent variables and its partial derivatives with respect to those variables. ... Combinatorics is a branch of pure mathematics concerning the study of discrete (and usually finite) objects. ... Analytic number theory is the branch of number theory that uses methods from mathematical analysis. ... In mathematics Representation theory is the name given to the study of standard representations of abstract mathematical structures. ...


A child prodigy, Tao is currently a professor of mathematics at UCLA. He was promoted to a full professor at age 24.[1] In August 2006, he was awarded the Fields Medal.[2] Just one month later, in September 2006, he was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society on May 18, 2007. A child prodigy is someone who is a master of one or more skills or arts at an early age. ... The University of California, Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical Union, a meeting that takes place every four years. ... The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is a private, independent grantmaking institution. ... The Fellowship of the Royal Society was founded in 1660. ...

Contents

Personal life

Both Tao's parents are Chinese by ethnicity. His parents are first generation immigrants from Hong Kong to Australia.[3] His father, Billy Tao (Chinese name Xiangguo Chinese: 陶象國; Cantonese Yale: tòuh jeuhng gwok; Pinyin: Táo Xiàngguó) is a pediatrician, and his mother is a Physics and Mathematics graduate from The University of Hong Kong, was formerly a secondary school teacher of Mathematics in Hong Kong. [4] She was reportedly also an exceptional mathematician.[1] The Yale romanizations are four systems created during World War II for use by United States military personnel. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... The University of Hong Kong (HKU ; Chinese: 香港大學; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2 daai6 hok6; Mandarin Pinyin: ), is the oldest and most prestigious tertiary institution in Hong Kong. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ...


His father told the press that at the age of two, during a family gathering, the infant Tao taught a 5-year-old child mathematics and English. When asked by his father why he knew numbers and letters, he said he learned them from Sesame Street.[5] Aside from English, Tao speaks Cantonese, but does not write Chinese. He currently lives with his wife and son in Los Angeles, California. Tao has two brothers. Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Sesame Street is an American educational childrens television series for preschoolers and is a pioneer of the contemporary educational television standard, combining both education and entertainment. ... Cantonese is a major dialect group or language of the Chinese language, a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Child prodigy

Tao exhibited extraordinary mathematical abilities from an early age. Tao attended university level mathematics courses at the age of nine. He is one of only two children in the history of the Johns Hopkins' Study of Exceptional Talent program to have achieved a score of 700 or greater on the SAT math section while just 8 years old (he scored a 760).[6] In 1986, 1987, and 1988, Tao was the youngest participant to date in the International Mathematical Olympiad, first competing at the age of ten, winning a bronze, silver, and gold medal respectively. He won the gold medal when he just turned thirteen and remains the youngest gold medalist in the tournament's history. At age 14, Tao attended the Research Science Institute. He received his bachelor's and master's degrees (at the age of 17) from Flinders University under Garth Gaudry. In 1992 he won a Fulbright Scholarship to undertake postgraduate study in the United States. From 1992 to 1996, Tao was a graduate student at Princeton University under the direction of Elias Stein, receiving his Ph.D. at the age of 20.[7] He joined UCLA's faculty that year. The Study of Exceptional Talent is an academic program to help extremely talented students achieve their potential. ... The International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) is an annual mathematical olympiad for high school students. ... The RSI Logo The Research Science Institute (RSI) is a highly competitive summer research program for rising high school seniors around the world, sponsored by the Center for Excellence in Education (CEE) and hosted by MIT. Founded by Admiral H.G. Rickover in 1984 (and originally called the Rickover Science... Flinders University, or The Flinders University of South Australia, is a public university in Adelaide. ... The Fulbright Program is program of educational grants (Fulbright Fellowships) sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States of America. ... Elias M. Stein (born January 13, 1931) is a mathematician born in Belgium. ... The University of California, Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. ...


Research and awards

He received the Salem Prize in 2000, the Bôcher Prize in 2002, and the Clay Research Award in 2003, for his contributions to analysis including work on the Kakeya conjecture and wave maps. In 2005 he received the American Mathematical Society's Levi L. Conant Prize with Allen Knutson, and in 2006 he was awarded the SASTRA Ramanujan Prize. The Salem Prize, founded by the widow of Raphael Salem, is awarded every year to a young mathematician judged to have done outstanding work in Salems field of interest, primarily the theory of Fourier series. ... The Bôcher Memorial Prize was founded by the American Mathematical Society in 1923 in memory of Maxime Bôcher with an initial endowment of $1,450 (contributed by members of that society). ... The Clay Research Award is given annually by the Clay Mathematics Institute to mathematicians to recognize their achievement in mathematical research. ... In mathematics, the Kakeya needle problem asks whether there is a minimum area of a region D in the plane, in which a needle can be turned through 360°. This question was first posed by Soichi Kakeya (1886-1947), a Japanese mathematician who worked mainly in mathematical analysis. ... The American Mathematical Society (AMS) is dedicated to the interests of mathematical research and education, which it does with various publications and conferences as well as annual monetary awards to mathematicians. ... The SASTRA Ramanujan Prize, founded by Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology & Research Academy (SASTRA) University in Kumbakonam, India, Srinivasa Ramanujans hometown, is awarded every year to a young mathematician judged to have done outstanding work in Ramanujans fields of interest. ...


In 2004, Ben Green and Tao released a preprint proving what is now known as the Green-Tao theorem. This theorem states that there are arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions of prime numbers. The New York Times described it this way:[8][9] Ben Joseph Green (born February 27, 1977, Bristol, United Kingdom) is a British mathematician, specializing in combinatorics and number theory. ... In mathematics, the Green-Tao theorem, proved by Ben Green and Terence Tao in 2004[1], states that the sequence of prime numbers contains arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions. ... In mathematics, an arithmetic progression or arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers such that the difference of any two successive members of the sequence is a constant. ... In mathematics, a prime number (or a prime) is a natural number that has exactly two (distinct) natural number divisors, which are 1 and the prime number itself. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...

In 2004, Dr. Tao, along with Ben Green, a mathematician now at the University of Cambridge in England, solved a problem related to the Twin Prime Conjecture by looking at prime number progressions — series of numbers equally spaced. (For example, 3, 7 and 11 constitute a progression of prime numbers with a spacing of 4; the next number in the sequence, 15, is not prime.) Dr. Tao and Dr. Green proved that it is always possible to find, somewhere in the infinity of integers, a progression of prime numbers of equal spacing and any length.

For this and other work, he was awarded the Australian Mathematical Society Medal. Australian Mathematical Society Medal recognises distinguished mathematical sciences research by members of the Australian Mathematical Society. ...


In 2006, at the 25th International Congress of Mathematicians in Madrid, he became one of the youngest, the first Australian, and the first UCLA faculty member ever to be awarded a Fields Medal. An article by New Scientist[10] writes of his ability: The International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) is the biggest congress in mathematics. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians not over 40 years of age at each International Congress of the International Mathematical Union, a meeting that takes place every four years. ... New Scientist is a weekly international science magazine covering recent developments in science and technology for a general English-speaking audience. ...

Such is Tao’s reputation that mathematicians now compete to interest him in their problems, and he is becoming a kind of Mr Fix-it for frustrated researchers. “If you're stuck on a problem, then one way out is to interest Terence Tao,” says Fefferman.

Tao was a finalist to become Australian of the Year in 2007.[11] Charles Louis Fefferman (born April 18, 1949) is a renowned American mathematician at Princeton University. ... The Australian of the Year Awards commenced in 1960. ...


References

  1. ^ Terence Tao: The "Mozart of Math" www.college.ucla.edu, 9 November 2005. Retrieved 31 August 2006.
  2. ^ IMU Prizes 2006 29 August 2006
  3. ^ Wen Wei Po, Page A4, 24 August, 2006.
  4. ^ Oriental Daily, Page A29, 24 August, 2006.
  5. ^ Apple Daily, Page A4, 24 August, 2006.
  6. ^ Radical acceleration in Australia: Terence Tao Gross, M. Retrieved 31 August 2006
  7. ^ It's prime time as numbers man Tao tops his Field Stephen Cauchi, 23 August 2006. Retrieved 31 August 2006.
  8. ^ Kenneth Chang. "Journeys to the Distant Fields of Prime", New York Times, March 13, 2007. 
  9. ^ "Corrections: For the Record", New York Times, March 13, 2007. 
  10. ^ NewScientist.com, Prestigious Fields Medals for mathematics awarded, 22 August, 2006.
  11. ^ National Australia Day Committee, 2007 Australian of the Year Finalists, retrieved 2007-01-27.
  • 2006 Terence Tao: Solving Mathematical Problems Oxford University Press.

Yang Liwei and Shenzhou 5 on the cover of Wen Wei Po Wen Wei Po (文匯報) is a Hong Kong-based Chinese language newspaper, which was first established in Shanghai, Mainland China in January 1938; its Hong Kong version was launched on September 9, 1948. ... Oriental Daily News (東方日報) is a Chinese language newspaper in Hong Kong. ... This article is about the Hong Kong version of the tabloid newspaper. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... New Scientist is a weekly international science magazine covering recent developments in science and technology for a general English-speaking audience. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Persondata
NAME Tao, Terence Chi-Shen
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Australian mathematician
DATE OF BIRTH 1975-7-17
PLACE OF BIRTH
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Terence Tao, 'Mozart of Math,' wins Fields Medal, called 'Nobel Prize in math' (1933 words)
Terence Tao became the first mathematics professor in UCLA history to be awarded the prestigious Fields Medal, often described as the "Nobel Prize in mathematics," during the opening ceremony of the International Congress of Mathematicians in Madrid on Aug. 22.
Tao was awarded the Fields Medal "for his contributions to partial differential equations, combinatorics, harmonic analysis and additive number theory." In honoring Tao, the organization said, "Terence Tao is a supreme problem-solver whose spectacular work has had an impact across several mathematical areas.
Green and Tao's discovery reveals that somewhere in the prime numbers, there is a progression of length 100, one of length 1,000, and one of every other finite length, and that there are an infinite number of such progressions in the primes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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