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Encyclopedia > Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo


Incumbent
Assumed office 
August 3, 1979
Preceded by Francisco Macías Nguema
Succeeded by Incumbent

Born June 5, 1942 (age 64)
Acoacán, Equatorial Guinea
Political party Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea
Spouse Constancia Mangue de Obiang

Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (born June 5, 1942) has been the President of Equatorial Guinea since 1979. Image File history File links Téodoro_Obiang_Nguema_Mbasogo. ... List of Heads of State of Equatorial Guinea (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also:- Equatorial Guinea Heads of Government of Equatorial Guinea Colonial Heads of Equatorial Guinea (Fernando Póo/Spanish Guinea) Lists of Incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders | Equatorial Guinea ... The incumbent, in politics, is the current holder of a political office. ... August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... For the song by The Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... Francisco Macías Nguema This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... The Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Partido Democrático de Guinea Ecuatorial, PDGE) is the ruling political party in Equatorial Guinea. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ...


Born into the Esangui clan in Acoacán, Obiang began his career in the military and attended the Military Academy of Zaragoza in Spain. He achieved the rank of lieutenant upon his uncle Francisco Macías Nguema's election. Francisco Macías Nguema This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Under Macías

Obiang was shuffled through various jobs, including governor of Bioko, head of the infamous Black Beach prison, and as leader of the National Guard. Bioko (spelled also Bioco) is an island off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea, formerly called Fernando Pó or Fernando Póo. ... The military of Equatorial Guinea was reorganized in 1979. ...


He deposed his uncle on August 3, 1979 in a violent coup d'état, supported by 600 mercenaries licenced from Hassan II of Morocco[citation needed]. August 3 is the 215th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (216th in leap years), with 150 days remaining. ... For the song by The Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... A coup d’état (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government through unconstitutional means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... King Hassan, pictured late in life. ...


Obiang declared that the new government would bring a fresh start from the repressive measures taken by his uncle's administration. He inherited a country with an empty treasury and a population that had dropped to a third of its 1968 level, when about the 50% of the former 1,2 million inhabitants moved to Spain or the neighbouring countries. He formally assumed the presidency in October 1979, after mercenaries had killed the previous president. For the song by The Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ...


A new constitution was adopted in 1982; at the same time, Obiang was elected to a seven-year term as president. He was reelected in 1989 as the only candidate. 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Presidency

US Secretary Condoleezza Rice with His Excellency Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo in 2006.
US Secretary Condoleezza Rice with His Excellency Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo in 2006.

Most domestic and international observers consider his regime to be one of the most corrupt, ethnocentric, oppressive and anti-democratic states in the world. Equatorial Guinea is now essentially a single-party state, dominated by Obiang's Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE). The constitution grants Obiang wide powers, including the power to rule by decree. Nonetheless, Obiang has far less power than his uncle, and his rule has been considerably milder. Notably, there have been none of the widespread atrocities that characterized his uncle's regime. Image File history File links Secretary_Rice_and_President_Obiang. ... Image File history File links Secretary_Rice_and_President_Obiang. ... Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush to hold the office. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (Spanish: Partido Democrático de Guinea Ecuatorial, PDGE) is the ruling political party in Equatorial Guinea. ...


All but two members of the 100-seat national parliament belong to the PDGE or are aligned with it. The opposition is severely hampered by the lack of a free press as a vehicle for their views.


Around 90% of all opposition politicians live in exile, 550 anti-Obiang activists have been jailed unfairly, and several killed since 1979. Obiang was re-elected in 1996 and 2002, but the conduct of both elections was not acceptable to international observers.


In July 2003, state-operated radio declared that the president is a god who is "in permanent contact with the Almighty" and can "kill anyone without being called to account", he personally made similar comments in 1993. Notice that previous president Francisco Macías Nguema had also been proclaimed God. [1] This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Francisco Macías Nguema This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Obiang has encouraged his cult of personality by ensuring that public speeches end in well-wishing for himself for well-wishing for the republic. Many important buildings have a presidential lodge, many towns and cities have streets commemorating Obiang's coup against his own uncle as well as there being a penchant among the population to wear clothes with his face printed on them. Billboard of Joseph Stalin. ...


Like his predecessor and other African dictators such as Idi Amin and Mobutu Sese Seko, Obiang has assigned to himself several creative titles; the great major general Alifanfarón[citation needed], gentleman of the great island of Bioko, Annobón and Río Muni, as well as referring to himself as El Jefe (the boss). Idi Amin Dada (c. ... Mobutu Sese Seko Nkuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga (October 14, 1930 – September 7, 1997), known commonly as Mobutu, or Joseph Mobutu-Sese Seko, born Joseph-Désiré Mobutu, was the dictator of Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) for 32 years (1965–1997), in which he rose to...


In similar fashion to Amin, Obiang has also allowed rumours that he is a cannibal to circulate (see [2]).


President Obiang is the Vice President of the International Parliament for Safety and Peace, an intergovernmental organization based in Italy (see [3]and [4]).


Forbes magazine has said that he is one of the wealthiest heads of state, with a net worth of 600 million dollars[1]. Official sources complain that Forbes is wrongly counting state property as personal property. Alternate meaning: For the Boston Brahmin family associated with John Forbes Kerry, see Forbes family. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


2004 coup

In March 2004, Obiang announced that there was a complex plot to overthrow him that allegedly involved the intelligence services of the United States, the United Kingdom and Spain, Mark Thatcher and Simon Mann. The Honourable Sir Mark Thatcher, 2nd Baronet (born August 15, 1953), is the only son of Sir Denis Thatcher and Margaret Thatcher, the former British Prime Minister. ... Simon Mann (1953) is a security expert, mercenary and former British Army officer, now holding South African citizenship. ...


Shortly after 15 people were arrested in Equatorial Guinea in connection with a possible coup attempt, an airplane landed in Harare, Zimbabwe, and was promptly detained by authorities. This story was used for the 2006 UK film Coup!. Harare (pronounced , formerly Salisbury) is the capital city of Zimbabwe. ...


The Zimbabwean government claimed that the aircraft was carrying armed white mercenaries who were heading to Equatorial Guinea with the aim of toppling Obiang's government. A mercenary is a person who takes part in an armed conflict and is motivated to take part in the hostilities essentially by the desire for private gain and, in fact, is promised, by or on behalf of a Party to the conflict, material compensation substantially in excess of that...


However, the American-based operator of the plane maintained that the men were en route to the Democratic Republic of the Congo to guard commercial mining interests for JFPI Corporation.


President Obiang charges that various Western governments wanted to install the head of Equatorial Guinea's government-in-exile, Severo Moto Nsá, as president. Severo Moto Nsá (November 6, 1943) is the most notable opposition politician in Equatorial Guinea, and leader of the Progress Party of Equatorial Guinea. ...


A man that Equatoguinean media identified as the leader of the mercenaries, Nick du Toit, said he had not intended to kill Obiang, but had hoped to force him into exile. Nick du Toit is an arms dealer implicated in the plot to overthrow Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea. ...


Succession

Obiang is suffering from terminal prostate cancer, amongst other illnesses, is reported to weigh as little as 50kg, and is said to be existing in agony (see [5]). Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancer develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. ...


The issue of succession is dominating the country, with a political struggle within the Equato-Guinean elite. Obiang wants his son Teodorín Nguema Obiang, who reportedly lives a frequently irresponsible lifestyle. Someone with loyalty to the regime may be designated by the PDGE from within the Esangui clan. There is even a possibility that fully democratic rule will come to the country for the first time, but this is probably the most unlikely scenario. Teodorín Nguema Obiang Mangue is the son of Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, the president of Equatorial Guinea, by his first wife, Constancia Okomo. ...


In November 2005, Obiang held an important meeting with the PDGE, in which it was believed that he intended to create a position of vice president and fill that position with his son. His worsening medical condition demands he travel abroad twice a month, leaving the country more vulnerable to coups. A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ...


He was expected to hand over to his son in 2007 - a move opposed by the other main contender: Armengol Ondo Nguema. He also held a private meeting with Pope Benedict XVI in December 2005 (see [6]). Armengol Ondo Nguema is the younger brother of Equatoguinean President Teodoro Obiang, as well as being head of the presidents Israeli trained security detail. ... Papal Arms of Pope Benedict XVI. The papal tiara was replaced with a bishops mitre, and pallium of the Pope was added beneath the coat of arms. ...


References

  • Ken Silverstein. "Oil Boom Enriches African Ruler: While the people of Equatorial Guinea live on a dollar a day, sources say their leader controls more than $300 million in a Washington bank." The Los Angeles Times (January 20, 2003).
  1. ^ Article Fortunes Of Kings, Queens And Dictators (May 5, 2006) and part of a slideshow

The Los Angeles Times (also known as the LA Times) is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the Western United States. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Torture and Poverty in Equatorial Guinea
  • http://www.ecaligiuri.com Honorary Consul for Equatorial Guinea
Preceded by
Francisco Macías Nguema
President of Equatorial Guinea
1979 – present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

  Results from FactBites:
 
Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, Teodoro - MSN Encarta (441 words)
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, born in 1942, president of Equatorial Guinea (1979- ).
His uncle Francisco Macías Nguema was elected Equatorial Guinea's first president in 1968, and Obiang Nguema was appointed military governor of the island of Fernando Póo (currently Bioko).
Obiang Nguema proclaimed an amnesty for refugees overseas and released an estimated 5000 political prisoners, but his close identification with the Macías Nguema regime (even after Macías Nguema's trial and execution) meant that most were still afraid to return home.
Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, Dictator of the Month- March 2005 (1152 words)
Francisco Macías Nguema's regime was extremely repressive and was cited for numerous human rights violations, which were so brutal that reportedly one-third of the country's population left as refugees; this set the stage for unrest and eventually another now-successful coup d'état against him at dawn on 03 August 1979 led by Obiang.
On 18 August Obiang was chosen by a military panel unanimously to serve as the President of the Supreme Military Council and President of the Republic.
Obiang maintains that the plot was orchestrated by the US and the UK, and although it appears that US intelligence agencies did have some knowledge of the plot, there is not much evidence that the US government was directly involved, despite allegations to the contrary.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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