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Encyclopedia > Tennessee Supreme Court

The Tennessee Supreme Court is the highest appellate court of the State of Tennessee. Unlike those of other states, the Tennessee Supreme Court is responsible for the appointment of the state attorney general. An appellate court is a court that hears cases in which a lower court -- either a trial court or a lower-level appellate court — has already made a decision, but in which at least one party to the action wants to challenge this ruling based upon some legal grounds that... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... State nickname: Volunteer State Other U.S. States Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis (largest metropolitan area is Nashville) Governor Phil Bredesen (D) Official languages English Area 109,247 km² (36th)  - Land 106,846 km²  - Water 2,400 km² (2. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ...


The current constitution of the State of Tennessee, adopted in 1870, calls for five justices, of which at least one but not more than two must be from each of the state's three "Grand Divisions" (East Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, and West Tennessee) in order to prevent regional bias. Additionally, the court is required to meet in Knoxville, Nashville and Jackson, also to prevent regional bias. In recent years this provision has been regarded as permissive rather than restrictive, and court has also met in other cities throughout the state as part of a legal education project for high school students. The justices serve eight-year terms and can succeed themselves; the office of Chief Justice rotates among them. Justices are required to recuse themselves in cases in which they may have a personal interest; the whole court once had to step aside and a case be heard by a special court appointed by the Governor, this occurring when the court itself became the subject of litigation, described below. 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... East Tennessee is a name given to approximately the eastern third of the state of Tennessee. ... Middle Tennessee is a distinct portion of the state of Tennessee, delineated according to law as well as custom. ... West Tennessee is one of the three traditional regions in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Knoxville is a city located in Knox County, Tennessee, United States. ... The Nashville skyline Nashville is the capital of the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Jackson is a city located in Madison County, Tennessee. ... Japanese high school students in uniform High school, or Secondary school, is the last segment of compulsory education in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan (Republic of China) (only junior high school) and the United States. ...


The Tennessee Supreme Court has no original jurisdiction. Other than in cases of worker's compensation, which have traditionally been appealed directly to it from the trial court, it only hears appeals of civil cases which have been heard by the Court of Appeals, and of criminal cases that have been heard by the Court of Criminal Appeals. Before the 1970s, the justices were elected by a statewide ballot on a partisan basis (an arrangement that had yielded only Democrats). Since the 1970s, the justices have been selected by the "Modifed Missouri Plan" in which they are subjected only to a "Yes/No" retention vote rather than partisan opponents. (This method is now applied to all appellate-level judges in Tennessee.) Litigation filed by Nashville political gadfly and perennial candidate John Jay Hooker, disputing that this process was an "election" in the sense envisioned by the framers of the state constitution, was appealed all the way to the Tennessee Supreme Court, at which time the whole court was forced to recuse itself. The special Supreme Court appointed by the governor to hear this one case found that their current method of selection was in fact constitutional, much to the chagrin of Hoooker and his supporters. Workers compensation programs and laws exist to protect employees who are injured while on the job. ... This article provides extensive lists of events and significant personalities of the 1970s. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States. ... Also known as the merit plan, the Missouri Plan (originally the Missouri Nonpartisan Court Plan) is a method for the nonpartisan selection of judges currently used in 11 U.S. states. ... A judge or justice is an appointed or elected official who presides over a court. ... The Nashville skyline Nashville is the capital of the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... The Elections and Parties Series Democracy Representative democracy History of democracy Referenda Liberal democracy Representation Voting Voting systems Ideology Elections Elections by country Elections by calender Electoral systems Politics Politics by country Political campaigns Political science Political philosophy Related topics Political parties Parties by country Parties by name Parties by... Gadfly is a term for people who upset the status quo by posing upsetting or novel questions, or attempts to stimulate innovation by proving an irritant. ... A perennial candidate is one who frequently runs for public office with a record of success that is either infrequent or non-existent. ... John Jay Hooker, Jr. ... The Elections and Parties Series Democracy Liberal democracy History of democracy Referenda Representative democracy Representation Voting Voting systems Elections Elections by country Elections by calender Electoral systems Politics Politics by country Political campaigns Political science Political philosophy Related topics Political parties Parties by country Parties by name Parties by ideology... A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ...


As of 2005, only one member of the Tennessee Supreme Court has ever been removed under the Modified Missouri Plan (which the state now refers to as the "Tennessee Plan"). Former Justice Penny White was removed in 1996 in a campaign reminiscient of that used a few years prior in California against former Chief Justice Rose Bird, and for largely the same reason: White's apparent categorical opposition to the death penalty in any and all circumstances. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... Rose Elizabeth Bird (November 2, 1936–December 4, 1999) served for 10 years as the Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court until removed from that office by the voters. ... Capital punishment, also referred to as the death penalty, is the judicially ordered execution of a prisoner as a punishment for a serious crime, often called a capital offense or a capital crime. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tennessee Supreme Court - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (939 words)
The Tennessee Supreme Court is the highest appellate court of the State of Tennessee.
In 1974, supreme court justices were removed from the Modified Missouri Plan, but in 1994 the plan was revised and once again extended to supreme court justices.
The special Supreme Court appointed by the governor to hear this case, however, refused to rule on the constitutionality of the Tennessee Plan, and instead remanded the case on a technicality.
The Tennessee Court System (2102 words)
Because the sessions courts are not courts of record, appeals from their judgements take the form of trial de novo in the courts of general jurisdiction.
At the apex of the judicial hierarchy is the Tennessee Supreme Court.
To this end, the Supreme Court determines the rules of procedure for itself and all the other courts of the state, although these rules are subject to approval by the General Assembly.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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