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Encyclopedia > Tennessee House of Representatives

The Tennessee House of Representatives, in American politics, is the lower house of the state legislature of Tennessee, formally called the Tennessee General Assembly. The federal government of the United States was established by the United States Constitution. ... A lower house (sometimes known as the first chamber) is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Chamber of the Estates-General, the Dutch legislature. ... State nickname: Volunteer State Other U.S. States Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis (largest metropolitan area is Nashville) Governor Phil Bredesen (D) Official languages English Area 109,247 km² (36th)  - Land 106,846 km²  - Water 2,400 km² (2. ... The Tennessee General Assembly is the formal name of the legislature of the U.S. state of Tennessee. ...


According to the state constitution of 1870, this body is to be comprised of 99 members elected for two-year terms. In every even-numbered year, elections for state representative are conducted simultaneously with the elections for U.S. Representative and other offices; the primary election being held on the first Thursday in August. Seats which become vacant through death or resignation are filled by the county commission (or metropolitan county council) of the home county of the member vacating the seat; if more than a year remains in the term a special election is held for the balance of the term. 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the Senate. ... A primary election is an election in which registered voters in a jurisdiction select a political partys candidate for a later election (nominating primary). ...


Members are elected from single-member districts. The districts are traditionally numbered consecutively from east to west and north to south across the state; however, in recent redistricting this convention has not always been strictly adhered to, despite a constitutional provision requiring districts to be numbered consecutively. Redistricting, known as redistribution in many Commonwealth countries, is the changing of political borders (in many countries, specifically the electoral district/constituency boundaries) usually in response to periodic census results. ...


Districts are required to be reapportioned every ten years following the federal census in order to be of substantially equal population. However, from 1902 until 1962, the General Assembly ignored this provision. It was estimated that by that point that some districts in the Memphis area had approximately ten times the population of some in rural areas. In 1962 this issue was taken to court. U.S. courts had traditionally declined to rule on such issues, saying that they were essentially politcal, not judicial, in nature. However, the Supreme Court of the United States decided to grant certiorai in this case and ruled that the legislature had to comply with the state constitution, as its failure to do so was in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, guaranting "equal protection under the law." This case (Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 182) required the change of many state constitutions and state legislative redistricting processes. Subsequent litigation has further refined the rules regarding this; in the late 1990s a majority-black district in rural West Tennessee was required to be created. As of 2005, the House will consist of 53 Democrats and 46 Republicans. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... City nickname: The River City or The Bluff City Location in the state of Tennessee County Shelby County, Tennessee Area  - Total  - Water 763. ... 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Seal of the Supreme Court The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest federal court in the United States of America. ... Amendment XIV (the Fourteenth Amendment) of the United States Constitution is one of the post-Civil War amendments and includes the due process and equal protection clauses (Section 1). ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... The Equal Protection Clause is a part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, providing that no state shall. ... Baker v. ... // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but keeping the same mind-set. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... Rural areas are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities and towns. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The 1960s redistricting was credited by some observers with creating the first Republican majority in the Tennessee House since Reconstruction in 1968; however this situation lasted only until the next election in 1970. 1970 also marked the first election of a Republican governor in a half century and saw both houses of the legislature begin to assert themselves as a counterbalance to executive authority; prior to this time legislators had not had their own staffs or even their own offices and were largely at the mercy of what the governor's staff chose to tell them and in many ways were often something of a "rubber stamp." The 1960s, or The Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... In the history of the United States, Reconstruction was the period after the American Civil War when the southern states of the breakaway Confederacy were reintegrated into the United States of America. ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The Speaker of the House is second in line to succession to the governorship after the Speaker of the Senate; this has never occurred. Since 1973, all Speakers have been from a single Democratic faction in West Tennessee; this has become a source of some resentment. The Speaker, under House rules, has the right to appoint all committees and their chairs and assign proposed legislation to committees, giving the Speaker tremendous power to push legislation through or conversely, to block it. The current Speaker, James Naifeh, has long been a target of concerted Republican efforts to unseat him. Recent high-profile and well-funded efforts to defeat him at the polls in his own district have failed thus far; future efforts may center around their allying with dissident Democrats who do not have a good relationship with Naifeh in an effort to replace him with another, less partisan, Democrat. 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... West Tennessee is one of the three traditional regions in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Speaker Jimmy Naifeh James O. Jimmy Naifeh (born June 16, 1939) is a Tennessee politician who currently serves as the Speaker of the Tennessee House of Representatives. ...


External links

  • Official website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tennessee House of Representatives - definition of Tennessee House of Representatives in Encyclopedia (577 words)
The Tennessee House of Representatives, in American politics, is the lower house of the state legislature of Tennessee, formally called the Tennessee General Assembly.
In every even-numbered year, elections for state representative are conducted simultaneously with the elections for U.S. Representative and other offices; the primary election being held on the first Thursday in August.
The 1960s redistricting was credited by some observers with creating the first Republican majority in the Tennessee House since Reconstruction in 1968; however this situation lasted only until the next election in 1970.
Encyclopedia: Tennessee House of Representatives (1264 words)
A lower house (sometimes known as the first chamber) is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
The Tennessee General Assembly is the formal name of the legislature of the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the Senate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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